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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29222134/workplace-violence-psychological-stress-sleep-quality-and-subjective-health-in-chinese-doctors-a-large-cross-sectional-study
#1
Tao Sun, Lei Gao, Fujun Li, Yu Shi, Fengzhe Xie, Jinghui Wang, Shuo Wang, Shue Zhang, Wenhui Liu, Xiaojian Duan, Xinyan Liu, Zhong Zhang, Li Li, Lihua Fan
BACKGROUND: Workplace violence (WPV) against healthcare workers is known as violence in healthcare settings and referring to the violent acts that are directed towards doctors, nurses or other healthcare staff at work or on duty. Moreover, WPV can cause a large number of adverse outcomes. However, there is not enough evidence to test the link between exposure to WPV against doctors, psychological stress, sleep quality and health status in China. OBJECTIVES: This study had three objectives: (1) to identify the incidence rate of WPV against doctors under a new classification, (2) to examine the association between exposure to WPV, psychological stress, sleep quality and subjective health of Chinese doctors and (3) to verify the partial mediating role of psychological stress...
December 7, 2017: BMJ Open
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29222079/web-based-interventions-supporting-adolescents-and-young-people-with-depressive-symptoms-systematic-review-and-meta-analysis
#2
Maritta Välimäki, Katriina Anttila, Minna Anttila, Mari Lahti
BACKGROUND: Although previous studies on information and communication technology (ICT)-based intervention on mental health among adolescents with depressive symptoms have already been combined in a number of systematic reviews, coherent information is still missing about interventions used, participants' engagement of these interventions, and how these interventions work. OBJECTIVE: We conducted a systematic review and meta-analysis of trials to describe the effectiveness of Web-based interventions to support adolescents with depression or depressive symptoms, anxiety, and stress...
December 8, 2017: JMIR MHealth and UHealth
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29220736/arsenic-stress-effects-on-root-water-absorption-in-soybean-plants-physiological-and-morphological-aspects
#3
Mariana E Vezza, Analía Llanes, Claudia Travaglia, Elizabeth Agostini, Melina A Talano
Soybean (Glycine max L.) is often cultivated in areas contaminated with arsenic (As), which negatively affects plant growth and reduces crop yield. The deleterious effects may be due, at least in part, to disturbances in the water status, as was reported for some plants exposed to heavy metals. However, to our knowledge, these mechanisms have not been studied in depth in soybean plants exposed to As. The aim of the present work was to analyze possible changes in water relations and the responses developed in soybean plants under arsenate (AsV) and arsenite (AsIII) stress...
December 2, 2017: Plant Physiology and Biochemistry: PPB
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29218733/a-gene-driven-recovery-mechanism-drosophila-larvae-increase-feeding-activity-for-post-stress-weight-recovery
#4
Masasuke Ryuda, Miku Tabuchi, Hitoshi Matsumoto, Takashi Matsumura, Masanori Ochiai, Yoichi Hayakawa
Recovery from weight loss after stress is important for all organisms, although the recovery mechanisms are not fully understood. We are working to clarify these mechanisms. Here, we recorded enhanced feeding activity of Drosophila melanogaster larvae from 2 to 4 h after heat stress at 35°C for 1 h. During the post-stress period, expression levels of sweet taste gustatory receptor genes (Grs), Gr5a, Gr43a, Gr64a, and Gr64f, were elevated, whereas bitter taste Grs, Gr66a, and Gr33a, were decreased in expression and expression of a non-typical taste receptor Gr, Gr68a, was unchanged...
December 8, 2017: Archives of Insect Biochemistry and Physiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29217217/antioxidant-role-of-vitamin-d-in-mice-with-alloxan-induced-diabetes
#5
Sarah Iqbal, Saman Khan, Imrana Naseem
OBJECTIVES: The discovery of vitamin D receptors has revolutionized the understanding of vitamin D biology, which is now thought to influence a wide array of cell pathways. The antihyperglycemic actions of vitamin D involving calcium metabolism have been widely discussed, but studies are now suggesting a possibility of vitamin D-induced amelioration of oxidative stress. Despite its significance in disease pathogenesis, oxidative status remains poorly investigated with respect to vitamin D treatment in the biology of diabetes mellitus...
December 4, 2017: Canadian Journal of Diabetes
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29216871/mental-health-literacy-among-pediatric-hospital-staff-in-the-united-arab-emirates
#6
Nabeel Al-Yateem, Rachel Rossiter, Walter Robb, Alaa Ahmad, Mahmoud Saleh Elhalik, Sumaya Albloshi, Shameran Slewa-Younan
BACKGROUND: In the United Arab Emirates (UAE) 35% of the population are aged 0-24 years. A significant proportion of these young people are living with chronic conditions (e.g., asthma, type 1 diabetes, cardiac conditions, and genetically-transmitted conditions such as thalassemia and cystic fibrosis). This group has increased vulnerability to developmental delays and mental health problems, and is increasingly coming to the attention of service providers in mainstream schools, primary healthcare centers, and pediatric hospitals...
December 8, 2017: BMC Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29216093/140%C3%A2-%C3%A2-%C3%AE-m-single-polarization-passive-fully-aperiodic-large-pitch-fibers-operating-near-2%C3%A2-%C3%AE-m
#7
Dia Darwich, Mostafa Sabra, Remi du Jeu, Marie-Alicia Malleville, Romain Dauliat, Raphaël Jamier, Aurélien Benoit, Kay Schuster, Philippe Roy
In this paper, we demonstrate a single-polarization feature out of passive very-large-mode-area fully aperiodic large-pitch fibers. It has been previously shown theoretically that one of the two polarizations of the fundamental mode is selectively coupled to a cladding mode. This coupling does not require fiber bending, which permits us to avoid any decrease in mode effective area. The coupling is achieved owing to boron-doped silica inclusions implemented into the microstructured cladding and acting as stress-applying parts...
November 20, 2017: Applied Optics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29215909/caring-for-the-elderly-at-work-and-home-can-a-randomized-organizational-intervention-improve-psychological-health
#8
Ellen Ernst Kossek, Rebecca J Thompson, Katie M Lawson, Todd Bodner, Matthew B Perrigino, Leslie B Hammer, Orfeu M Buxton, David M Almeida, Phyllis Moen, David A Hurtado, Brad Wipfli, Lisa F Berkman, Jeremy W Bray
Although job stress models suggest that changing the work social environment to increase job resources improves psychological health, many intervention studies have weak designs and overlook influences of family caregiving demands. We tested the effects of an organizational intervention designed to increase supervisor social support for work and nonwork roles, and job control in a results-oriented work environment on the stress and psychological distress of health care employees who care for the elderly, while simultaneously considering their own family caregiving responsibilities...
December 7, 2017: Journal of Occupational Health Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29215794/immigrant-nurses-perceptions-on-cultural-differences-based-job-concerns-a-phenomenological-study-in-shanghai-china
#9
Hai-Ping Yu, You-Qing Peng, Yun-Ying Hung, Lin Zhou
AIMS AND OBJECTIVES: To explore the experiences of immigrant nurses working in Shanghai, China. BACKGROUND: With the development of China, population growth has been accelerating. Simultaneously, the number of immigrant nurses in Shanghai has been increasing dramatically. Meanwhile, their turnover rate is abnormally high, primarily because of job concerns stemming from cultural differences. An understanding of immigrant nurses' job concerns caused by cultural differences can be used to help them to work more efficiently and cohesively...
December 7, 2017: Journal of Clinical Nursing
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29215563/response-of-ustilago-maydis-against-the-stress-caused-by-three-polycationic-chitin-derivatives
#10
Dario Rafael Olicón-Hernández, Cristina Uribe-Alvarez, Salvador Uribe-Carvajal, Juan Pablo Pardo, Guadalupe Guerra-Sánchez
Chitosan is a stressing molecule that affects the cells walls and plasma membrane of fungi. For chitosan derivatives, the action mode is not clear. In this work, we used the yeast Ustilago maydis to study the effects of these molecules on the plasma membrane, focusing on physiologic and stress responses to chitosan (CH), oligochitosan (OCH), and glycol-chitosan (GCH). Yeasts were cultured with each of these molecules at 1 mg·mL-1 in minimal medium. To compare plasma membrane damage, cells were cultivated in isosmolar medium...
December 7, 2017: Molecules: a Journal of Synthetic Chemistry and Natural Product Chemistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29214387/dealing-with-difference-a-scoping-review-of-psychotherapeutic-interventions-with-unaccompanied-refugee-minors
#11
REVIEW
Gwladys Demazure, Sydney Gaultier, Nicolas Pinsault
Unaccompanied refugee minors (URMs) are a population at risk for developing mental problems, post-traumatic stress disorder, anxiety, and/or depression. Therapists working with URMs often have to overcome language and cultural barriers, while taking into account these young people's specific needs. A growing literature describes a wide range of interventions designed to reduce psychopathologies and improve well-being. We summarized the different interventions used with URMs to get an overview of techniques used for reducing psychopathologies and difficulties of URMs and to give recommendations to help professionals...
December 6, 2017: European Child & Adolescent Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29214195/work-stress-fatigue-and-risk-behaviors-at-the-wheel-data-to-assess-the-association-between-psychosocial-work-factors-and-risky-driving-on-bus-rapid-transit-drivers
#12
Sergio Useche, Boris Cendales, Viviola Gómez
This Data in Brief (DiB) article presents a hierarchical multiple linear regression model that examine the associations between psychosocial work factors and risk behaviors at the wheel in Bus Rapid Transit (BRT) drivers (n=524). The data were collected using a structured self-administrable questionnaire made of measurements of wok stress (job strain and effort- reward imbalance), fatigue (need for recovery and chronic fatigue), psychological distress and demographics (professional driving experience, hours driven per day and days working per week)...
December 2017: Data in Brief
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29213010/continuous-improvement-of-fitness-for-duty-management-programs-for-workers-engaging-in-stabilizing-and-decommissioning-work-at-the-fukushima-daiichi-nuclear-power-plant
#13
Koji Mori, Seiichiro Tateishi, Tatsuhiko Kubo, Yuichi Kobayashi, Ko Hiraoka, Futoshi Kawashita, Takeshi Hayashi, Yoshifumi Kiyomoto, Masaki Kobashi, Kota Fukai, Hiroyuki Tahara, Ryuji Okazaki, Akira Ogami, Kazuyuki Igari, Katsunori Suzuki, Hiroshi Kikuchi, Kazuhiro Sakai
BACKGROUND: Numerous workers have participated in recovery efforts following the accident that occurred at the Tokyo Electric Power Company (TEPCO) Fukushima Daiichi Nuclear Power Plant after the Great East Japan Earthquake. These workers, belonging to various companies, have been engaged in various tasks since the accident. Given the hazards and stress involved in these tasks and the relatively long time required to transport sick or injured workers to medical institutions, it became necessary to quickly implement a more stringent management program for fitness for duty than in ordinary work environments...
December 6, 2017: Journal of Occupational Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29212723/intraspecific-and-interspecific-variation-in-thermotolerance-and-photoacclimation-in-symbiodinium-dinoflagellates
#14
Erika M Díaz-Almeyda, C Prada, A H Ohdera, H Moran, D J Civitello, R Iglesias-Prieto, T A Carlo, T C LaJeunesse, M Medina
Light and temperature are major drivers in the ecology and biogeography of symbiotic dinoflagellates living in corals and other cnidarians. We examined variations in physiology among 11 strains comprising five species of clade A Symbiodinium We grew cultures at 26°C (control) and 32°C (high temperature) over a duration of 18 days while measuring growth and photochemical efficiency (Fv /Fm ). Responses to thermal stress ranged from susceptible to tolerant across species and strains. Most strains exhibited a decrease in cell densities and Fv /Fm when grown at 32°C...
December 6, 2017: Proceedings. Biological Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29212586/hypercortisolemia-and-depressive-like-behaviors-in-a-rhesus-macaque-macaca-mulatta-involved-in-visual-research
#15
Sean C Adams, Christine M Guyot, Kristina M Berry, Seth T Wallack, Andrew S Loar, Mathias Leblanc
A 10-y-old cranially implanted rhesus macaque (Macaca mulatta) involved in visual research was presented for dull mentation and weight loss. Physical examination revealed alopecia and poor body conditioning, and bloodwork revealed marked hypercortisolemia (23 μg/dL). Differential diagnoses for hypercortisolemia, weight loss, and alopecia included Cushing and pseudo-Cushing syndromes. To further evaluate hypercortisolemia, we compared the urine cortisol:creatinine ratio (UCCR) at baseline and after low-dose dexamethasone suppression (LDDS) testing in the presenting animal and healthy naïve and implanted working monkeys...
December 1, 2017: Comparative Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29211990/the-photosystem-ii-subunit-s-under-stress
#16
Vangelis Daskalakis, Sotiris Papadatos
Nonphotochemical quenching is the protective mechanism against overexcitation of photosystem II, triggered by excess ΔpH in photosynthetic membranes. The light-harvesting complexes (LHCs), the de-epoxidation of violaxanthin to zeaxanthin, and the photosystem II subunit S (PsbS) work in synergy for an optimized multilevel response. Understanding the fine details of this synergy has proven challenging to scientific research. Here, we employ large-scale, all-atom molecular simulations and beyond experimental insight, we proceed a step further in identifying the PsbS dynamics that could possibly be associated with this synergy...
December 5, 2017: Biophysical Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29211385/bringing-babies-and-breasts-into-workplaces-support-for-breastfeeding-mothers-in-workplaces-and-childcare-services-at-the-australian-national-university
#17
Julie Smith, Sara Javanparast, Lyn Craig
In 1999, two leading Australian academics challenged Australian universities to lead moves to better manage employees' maternity and breastfeeding needs, and 'bring babies and breasts into workplaces'. This paper addresses the question of how universities cope with the need for women to breastfeed, by exploring barriers facing women who combine breastfeeding and paid work at the Australian National University (ANU). Data were collected through online surveys in 2013 using mixed method, case study design, nested within a larger national study...
March 2017: Breastfeeding Review: Professional Publication of the Nursing Mothers' Association of Australia
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29211233/elderly-caregivers-living-in-urban-rural-and-high-social-vulnerability-contexts
#18
Sofia Cristina Iost Pavarini, Anita Liberalesso Neri, Allan Gustavo Brígola, Ana Carolina Ottaviani, Érica Nestor Souza, Estefani Serafim Rossetti, Mariélli Terassi, Nathalia Alves de Oliveira, Bruna Moretti Luchesi
OBJECTIVE Comparing the differences in the sociodemographic, care and health profiles of elderly caregivers of the elderly living in urban, rural, and high social vulnerability contexts. METHOD A cross-sectional study developed with elderly caregivers enrolled in the Family Health Units of a municipality in the interior of São Paulo. Household interviews and evaluations were conducted on: Activities of Daily Living (ADL), self-reported pain, frailty, cognition, life satisfaction, family functionality, burden, stress and hope...
2017: Revista da Escola de Enfermagem da U S P
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29210764/deriving-information-requirements-for-a-smart-nursing-system-for-intensive-care-units
#19
Kunal Khanade, Farzan Sasangohar, Steven C Sutherland, Karen E Alexander
The workplace environment for intensive care nursing is highly stressful, with long working hours and a dynamic workload that may induce fatigue. The resulting stress and fatigue may reduce nurses' efficiency and may contribute to medical errors. A smart wearable system is being designed to help nurses who experience high levels of stress and fatigue at work. This article documents the systematic process of deriving information requirements from 2 focus groups conducted separately with nurses and nurse managers working in various Southeastern Texas hospitals...
January 2018: Critical Care Nursing Quarterly
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29210143/sudden-death-in-paediatrics-as-a-traumatic-experience-for-critical-care-nurses
#20
Lígia Lima, Sandra Gonçalves, Cândida Pinto
BACKGROUND: Research shows that nurses working in critical care units and in particular, paediatric units, are at risk of developing symptoms of secondary traumatic stress (STS). However, little attention has been given to this phenomenon when associated with situations of sudden death in paediatrics. AIM: This study aimed to examine the impact of sudden death in paediatrics on nurses working in paediatrics critical care units and to explore nurses' experiences of this event...
December 5, 2017: Nursing in Critical Care
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