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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28535108/the-effects-of-occupational-stress-work-centrality-self-efficacy-and-job-satisfaction-on-intent-to-quit-among-long-term-care-workers-in-korea
#1
Jeongkyu Park, Seokwon Yoon, Sung Seek Moon, Kyoung Hag Lee, Jueun Park
A large and growing elderly Koreans with chronic conditions necessitates an increase in long-term care. This study is aimed at investigating the effects of occupational stress, work-centrality, self-efficacy, and job satisfaction on intent to leave among long-term care workers in Korea. We tested hypothesized structural equation model predicting the intention to quit among long-term care workers in Korea. Survey data were collected from 532 long-term care workers in Seoul, Korea. Results showed that occupational stress was positively associated with intention to leave the job...
May 23, 2017: Home Health Care Services Quarterly
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28534822/violence-victimization-in-korean-adolescents-risk-factors-and-psychological-problems
#2
Subin Park, Yeeun Lee, Hyesue Jang, Minkyung Jo
We examined the risk factors for and psychological problems associated with violence victimization in a nationwide representative sample of Korean adolescents. Data from the 2016 Korean Youth Risk Behavior Web-based Survey was used. Participants were asked about their experience of being a victim of violence that required medical treatment during the past 12 months, as well as their perceived health, happiness, sleep satisfaction, stress, depressed mood, and suicidality. The 12-month prevalence of violence victimization requiring medical treatment was 2...
May 19, 2017: International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28532736/emotional-intelligence-and-coping-styles-an-intervention-in-geriatric-nurses
#3
Carmen María Sarabia-Cobo, Soraya González Suárez, Ernesto J Menéndez Crispín, A Belén Sarabia Cobo, Victoria Pérez, Pablo de Lorena, Cristina Rodríguez Rodríguez, Laura Sanlúcar Gross
Current research indicates a relationship between EI, stress, coping strategies, well-being and mental health. Emotional intelligence skills and knowledge, and coping strategies can be increased with training. OBJECTIVE: The aims of this study were to use a controlled design to test the impact of theoretically based training on the different components of EI and coping styles in a sample of nurses working with older adults. METHODS: A group of 92 professionals (RN and CAN) who attended a workshop on EI were included in the study...
June 2017: Applied Nursing Research: ANR
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28532732/nurses-health-promoting-lifestyle-behaviors-in-a-community-hospital
#4
Emma Kurnat-Thoma, Majeda El-Banna, Monica Oakcrum, Jill Tyroler
PURPOSE: To examine nurses' health-promoting lifestyle behaviors, describe their self-reported engagement in employee wellness program benefit options, and explore relationships between nurse demographic factors, health characteristics and lifestyle behaviors. BACKGROUND: Nurses adopting unhealthy lifestyle behaviors are at significantly higher risk for developing a number of chronic diseases and are at increased susceptibility to exhaustion, job dissatisfaction and turnover...
June 2017: Applied Nursing Research: ANR
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28532091/design-and-fabrication-of-carbon-fibers-with-needle-like-nano-ha-coating-to-reinforce-granular-nano-ha-composites
#5
Xudong Wang, Xueni Zhao, Li Zhang, Wanying Wang, Jing Zhang, Fuzhen He, Jianjun Yang
Carbon fibers (CFs) with needle-like nano-hydroxyapatite (nHA) coating were first used as reinforcing materials named nHA-CFs to improve the mechanical properties of pure HA. A powder mixture containing nHA-CFs and granular nano-HA (gHA) was directly sintered by hot pressing at appropriate sintering pressure and temperature. A three-phase nHA-CFs/gHA composite was designed, fabricated, and used as an artificial bone. Results show that the bending strengths of the nHA-CFs/gHA composite are approximately 41.1% and 59...
August 1, 2017: Materials Science & Engineering. C, Materials for Biological Applications
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28531194/prognostic-psychosocial-factors-for-disabling-low-back-pain-in-japanese-hospital-workers
#6
Takahiko Yoshimoto, Hiroyuki Oka, Junji Katsuhira, Tomoko Fujii, Katsuhiko Masuda, Sakae Tanaka, Ko Matsudaira
BACKGROUND: Although the occupational health field has identified psychosocial factors as risk factors for low back pain that causes disability, the association between disabling low back pain and psychosocial factors has not been examined adequately in Japanese hospital workers. Therefore, this study examined the association between low back pain, which interfered with work, and psychosocial factors in Japanese hospital workers. METHOD: This cross-sectional study was conducted at a hospital in Japan...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28530557/improving-oxidative-stability-of-echium-oil-emulsions-fabricated-by-microfluidics-effect-of-ionic-gelation-and-phenolic-compounds
#7
Talita A Comunian, Raheleh Ravanfar, Inar Alves de Castro, Robin Dando, Carmen S Favaro-Trindade, Alireza Abbaspourrad
Echium oil is rich in omega-3 fatty acids, which are important because of their benefits to human health; it is, however, unstable. The objective of this work was the coencapsulation of echium oil and quercetin or sinapic acid by microfluidic and ionic gelation techniques. The treatments were analyzed utilizing optical and scanning electron microscopy, encapsulation yield, particle size, thermogravimetry, Fourier transform infrared spectroscopy, stability under stress conditions, and oil oxidative/phenolic compound stability for 30days at 40°C...
October 15, 2017: Food Chemistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28529756/a-socioecological-framework-for-research-on-work-and-obesity-in-diverse-urban-transit-operators-based-on-gender-race-and-ethnicity
#8
REVIEW
BongKyoo Choi, Peter Schnall, Marnie Dobson, Haiou Yang, Dean Baker, YoungJu Seo
Urban transit (bus and rail) operators, totaling nearly 700,000 persons, are one of the heaviest occupational groups in the United States (US). Little is known about occupational risk factors for weight gain and obesity and their interrelationship with health-related behaviors, particularly among female minority (African Americans and Hispanics) transit operators who are at greater risk for obesity. As a step towards developing successful obesity interventions among urban transit operators, this paper aims to present a new socioecological framework for studying working conditions, chronic strain, health-related behaviors, weight gain/obesity, and obesity disparity in diverse urban transit operators based on gender, race, and ethnicity...
2017: Annals of Occupational and Environmental Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28528879/functional-annotation-and-analysis-of-the-ornithodoros-moubata-midgut-genes-differentially-expressed-after-blood-feeding
#9
Ana Oleaga, Prosper Obolo-Mvoulouga, Raúl Manzano-Román, Ricardo Pérez-Sánchez
The argasid tick Ornithodoros moubata is the main vector of the African swine fever and the human relapsing fever in Africa. As part of the host-parasite-pathogen interface, the tick midgut expresses key proteins for tick survival and tick-borne pathogen transmission. Accordingly, midgut proteins are potential targets for the development of new drugs and vaccines aimed at tick control, and obtaining proteomic and transcriptomic data from the O. moubata midgut would facilitate the identification of such target candidates...
May 13, 2017: Ticks and Tick-borne Diseases
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28522802/proteome-remodelling-by-the-stress-sigma-factor-rpos-%C3%AF-s-in-salmonella-identification-of-small-proteins-and-evidence-for-post-transcriptional-regulation
#10
Magali Lago, Véronique Monteil, Thibaut Douche, Julien Guglielmini, Alexis Criscuolo, Corinne Maufrais, Mariette Matondo, Françoise Norel
The RpoS/σ(S) sigma subunit of RNA polymerase is the master regulator of the general stress response in many Gram-negative bacteria. Extensive studies have been conducted on σ(S)-regulated gene expression at the transcriptional level. In contrast, very limited information regarding the impact of σ(S) on global protein production is available. In this study, we used a mass spectrometry-based proteomics approach to explore the wide σ(S)-dependent proteome of the human pathogen Salmonella enterica serovar Typhimurium...
May 18, 2017: Scientific Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28522658/effect-of-fontan-geometry-on-exercise-haemodynamics-and-its-potential-implications
#11
Elaine Tang, Zhenglun Alan Wei, Kevin K Whitehead, Reza H Khiabani, Maria Restrepo, Lucia Mirabella, James Bethel, Stephen M Paridon, Bradley S Marino, Mark A Fogel, Ajit P Yoganathan
OBJECTIVE: Exercise intolerance afflicts Fontan patients with total cavopulmonary connections (TCPCs) causing a reduction in quality of life. Optimising TCPC design is hypothesised to have a beneficial effect on exercise capacity. This study investigates relationships between TCPC geometries and exercise haemodynamics and performance. METHODS: This study included 47 patients who completed metabolic exercise stress test with cardiac magnetic resonance (CMR). Phase-contrast CMR images were acquired immediately following supine lower limb exercise...
May 18, 2017: Heart: Official Journal of the British Cardiac Society
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28521743/identified-obstacles-and-prerequisites-in-telenurses-work-environment-a-modified-delphi-study
#12
Annica Bjorkman, Maria Engstrom, Annakarin Olsson, Anna Carin Wahlberg
BACKGROUND: Telenursing is an expanding part of healthcare, staffed with registered nurses whose work environment is typical of a call centre. Work-related stress has been shown to be a major problem in nurses' work environments and of importance to the outcome of care, patient safety, nurse job satisfaction and burnout. Today, however, we have a limited understanding of and knowledge about the work environment for telenurses. The aim of the present study is to explore and reach consensus on perceived important obstacles and prerequisites in telenurses' work environment...
May 18, 2017: BMC Health Services Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28521730/perceptions-of-problem-drinker-patients-family-members-about-their-own-hazardous-drinking-behaviours-in-chinese-general-hospitals-a-qualitative-study
#13
Chen-Chun Lin, Yun-Fang Tsai, Wen-Ling Yeh, Jung-Ta Kao, Ching-Yen Chen
BACKGROUND: Excessive alcohol use has been associated with health, social and legal problems. Alcohol-related problems have been studied primarily in problem-drinker patients, with few studies on their family members, particularly about their own hazardous or harmful alcohol-drinking behaviours. METHOD: In this qualitative descriptive study, participants were recruited from three hospitals randomly selected from northern and central Taiwan (2:1). Hazardous-drinker patients and their family members were screened using the Chinese version Alcohol Use Disorders Identification Test (scores ≥8 indicate harmful or hazardous drinkers)...
May 18, 2017: BMC Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28521204/numerical-simulations-of-mechanical-and-ignition-deflagration-responses-for-pbxs-under-low-to-medium-level-velocity-impact-loading
#14
Kun Yang, Yanqing Wu, Fenglei Huang, Ming Li
An effective computational model is required to accurately predict the dynamic responses in accidental initiations of explosives. The present work uses a series of two-dimensional mechanical-chemical simulations performed via a hydrodynamic-code, DREXH-2D, to efficiently describe the mechanical and ignition-deflagration responses of cased cylindrical polymer-bonded explosives (PBXs) undergoing a low-to-medium-level impact (70-350m/s) in longitudinal direction. The ignition response was predicted based on an ignition criterion of effective plastic work...
May 8, 2017: Journal of Hazardous Materials
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28520776/proteomic-analysis-of-tea-plants-camellia-sinensis-with-purple-young-shoots-during-leaf-development
#15
Qiongqiong Zhou, Zhidan Chen, Jinwook Lee, Xinghui Li, Weijiang Sun
Tea products made from purple leaves are highly preferred by consumers due to the health benefits. This study developed a proteome reference map related to color changes during leaf growth in tea (Camellia sinensis) plant with purple young shoots using two-dimensional electrophoresis (2-DE). Forty-six differentially expressed proteins were detected in the gel and successfully identified by using MALDI-TOF/TOF-MS. The pronounced changes in the proteomic profile between tender purple leaves (TPL) and mature green leaves (MGL) included: 1) the lower activity of proteins associated with CO2 assimilation, energy metabolism and photo flux efficiency and higher content of anthocyanins in TPL than those in MGL may protect tender leaves against photo-damage; 2) the higher abundance of chalcone synthase (CHS), chalcone isomerase (CHI) and flavonol synthase (FLS) likely contributes to the synthesis of anthocyanins, catechins and flavonols in TPL tissues; 3) higher abundance of stress response proteins, such as glutathione S-transferases (GST) and phospholipid hydroperoxide glutathione peroxidase (PHGPx), could enhance the tolerance of TPL tissues to adverse condition in; and 4) the increased abundance of proteins related to protein synthesis, nucleic acids and cell wall proteins should be beneficial for the proliferation and expansion of leaf cell in TPL tissues...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28520734/interfacial-mechanisms-for-stability-of-surfactant-laden-films
#16
M Saad Bhamla, Chew Chai, Marco A Àlvarez-Valenzuela, Javier Tajuelo, Gerald G Fuller
Thin liquid films are central to everyday life. They are ubiquitous in modern technology (pharmaceuticals, coatings), consumer products (foams, emulsions) and also serve vital biological functions (tear film of the eye, pulmonary surfactants in the lung). A common feature in all these examples is the presence of surface-active molecules at the air-liquid interface. Though they form only molecular-thin layers, these surfactants produce complex surface stresses on the free surface, which have important consequences for the dynamics and stability of the underlying thin liquid film...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28517009/stress-induced-surface-instabilities-and-defects-in-thin-films-sputter-deposited-on-compliant-substrates
#17
Timothy Ibru, Kyriaki Kalaitzidou, J Kevin Baldwin, Antonia Antoniou
Existing analyses predict that thin metal films deposited on compliant substrates are subject to a variety of surface instabilities, such as wrinkles, folds, creases, etc., that become more prominent with increased compressive residual stress. Under compressive stress, cracks have been assumed to form only when the interfacial strength is weak, allowing the film to detach from the substrate. In this work, we demonstrate that cracks also form on surfaces under compressive mismatch strain when the interface is strong...
May 18, 2017: Soft Matter
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28513379/how-to-minimise-the-stress-of-relocating
#18
Mandy Day-Calder
When it comes to stability, security and routine, your home and your work are vital. When you change the two at once, the stresses multiply.
May 17, 2017: Nursing Standard
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28513305/do-sitting-standing-or-treadmill-desks-impact-psychobiological-indicators-of-work-productivity
#19
Nicholas D Gilson, Caitlin Hall, Angela Renton, Norman Ng, William von Hippel
BACKGROUND: This pilot study investigated links between psychobiological indicators of work productivity, prolonged desk sitting, and conditions whereby office workers were able to interrupt sitting using a sit-stand or treadmill desk. METHODS: Twenty participants visited our laboratory and completed their own desk work in counterbalanced sit-only, sit-stand (Varidesk Pro Plus 48(TM)) and sit-walk conditions (Infiniti TR1200-DTS(TM)). Steady state visually evoked potentials (SSVEPs) calculated from electroencephalography recordings during a set task at the end of the workday assessed attentional resource...
May 17, 2017: Journal of Physical Activity & Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28512365/-temperament-risk-factor-for-mental-health-disturbances-in-the-judiciary-staff
#20
Katarzyna Orlak, Jan Tylka
BACKGROUND: The aim of this paper was to examine how temperament might moderate the health impact of psychosocial hazards at work and thus to attempt to identify the temperament risk factor in the judiciary staff. MATERIAL AND METHODS: The data were collected from 355 court employees, including judges, judicial assistants, court clerks and service workers from criminal, civil, commercial as well as from labor and social insurance divisions. The psychosocial work environment was measured with the Psychosocial Working Conditions Questionnaire by Cieślak and Widerszal-Bazyl, temperament with Cloninger's Temperament and Character Inventory adopted by Hornowska and employee health status was screened with Goldberg's General Health Questionnaire- 28 (GHQ-28) adopted by Makowska and Merecz...
May 16, 2017: Medycyna Pracy
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