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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29148400/avian-influenza-a-h7n2-virus-in-human-exposed-to-sick-cats-new-york-usa-2016
#1
Atanaska Marinova-Petkova, Jen Laplante, Yunho Jang, Brian Lynch, Natosha Zanders, Marisela Rodriguez, Joyce Jones, Sharmi Thor, Erin Hodges, Juan A De La Cruz, Jessica Belser, Hua Yang, Paul Carney, Bo Shu, LaShondra Berman, Thomas Stark, John Barnes, Fiona Havers, Patrick Yang, Susan C Trock, Alicia Fry, Larisa Gubareva, Joseph S Bresee, James Stevens, Demetre Daskalakis, Dakai Liu, Christopher T Lee, Mia Kim Torchetti, Sandra Newbury, Francine Cigel, Kathy Toohey-Kurth, Kirsten St George, David E Wentworth, Stephen Lindstrom, C Todd Davis
An outbreak of influenza A(H7N2) virus in cats in a shelter in New York, NY, USA, resulted in zoonotic transmission. Virus isolated from the infected human was closely related to virus isolated from a cat; both were related to low pathogenicity avian influenza A(H7N2) viruses detected in the United States during the early 2000s.
December 2017: Emerging Infectious Diseases
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29138402/impacts-of-hemispheric-solar-geoengineering-on-tropical-cyclone-frequency
#2
Anthony C Jones, James M Haywood, Nick Dunstone, Kerry Emanuel, Matthew K Hawcroft, Kevin I Hodges, Andy Jones
Solar geoengineering refers to a range of proposed methods for counteracting global warming by artificially reducing sunlight at Earth's surface. The most widely known solar geoengineering proposal is stratospheric aerosol injection (SAI), which has impacts analogous to those from volcanic eruptions. Observations following major volcanic eruptions indicate that aerosol enhancements confined to a single hemisphere effectively modulate North Atlantic tropical cyclone (TC) activity in the following years. Here we investigate the effects of both single-hemisphere and global SAI scenarios on North Atlantic TC activity using the HadGEM2-ES general circulation model and various TC identification methods...
November 14, 2017: Nature Communications
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29051184/novel-use-of-hydroxyurea-in-an-african-region-with-malaria-noharm-a-trial-for-children-with-sickle-cell-anemia
#3
Robert O Opoka, Christopher M Ndugwa, Teresa S Latham, Adam Lane, Heather A Hume, Phillip Kasirye, James S Hodges, Russell E Ware, Chandy C John
Hydroxyurea treatment is recommended for children with sickle cell anemia (SCA) living in high-resource malaria-free regions, but its safety and efficacy in malaria-endemic sub-Saharan Africa, where the greatest sickle cell burden exists, remain unknown. In vitro studies suggest hydroxyurea could increase malaria severity, and hydroxyurea-associated neutropenia could worsen infections. NOHARM was a randomized, double-blinded, placebo-controlled trial conducted in malaria-endemic Uganda, comparing hydroxyurea to placebo at 20 ± 2...
October 19, 2017: Blood
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29029492/gata2-regulates-the-erythropoietin-receptor-in-t-12-21-all
#4
Marie E Gaine, Daniel J Sharpe, James S Smith, Hilary A A Colyer, Vivien M Hodges, Terry R Lappin, Ken I Mills
The t(12;21) (p13;q22) chromosomal translocation resulting in the ETV6/RUNX1 fusion gene is the most frequent structural cytogenetic abnormality in children with acute lymphoblastic leukemia (ALL). The erythropoietin receptor (EPOR), usually associated with erythroid progenitor cells, is highly expressed in ETV6/RUNX1 positive cases compared to other B-lineage ALL subtypes. Gene expression analysis of a microarray database and direct quantitative analysis of patient samples revealed strong correlation between EPOR and GATA2 expression in ALL, and higher expression of GATA2 in t(12;21) patients...
September 12, 2017: Oncotarget
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28978551/high-sensitivity-cardiac-troponin-and-the-risk-stratification-of-patients-with-renal-impairment-presenting-with-suspected-acute-coronary-syndrome
#5
Eve V Miller-Hodges, Atul Anand, Anoop S V Shah, Andrew R Chapman, Peter J Gallacher, Kuan Ken Lee, Tariq E Farrah, Nynke Halbesma, James P Blackmur, David E Newby, Nicholas L Mills, Neeraj Dhaun
Background -High-sensitivity cardiac troponin testing may improve the risk-stratification and diagnosis of myocardial infarction, but concentrations can be challenging to interpret in patients with renal impairment and the effectiveness of testing in this group is uncertain. Methods -In a prospective multi-center study of consecutive patients with suspected acute coronary syndrome, we evaluated the performance of high-sensitivity cardiac troponin I in those with and without renal impairment (estimated glomerular filtration rate <60mL/min/1...
October 4, 2017: Circulation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28978487/mutations-in-membrin-gosr2-reveal-stringent-secretory-pathway-demands-of-dendritic-growth-and-synaptic-integrity
#6
Roman Praschberger, Simon A Lowe, Nancy T Malintan, Carlo N G Giachello, Nian Patel, Henry Houlden, Dimitri M Kullmann, Richard A Baines, Maria M Usowicz, Shyam S Krishnakumar, James J L Hodge, James E Rothman, James E C Jepson
Mutations in the Golgi SNARE (SNAP [soluble NSF attachment protein] receptor) protein Membrin (encoded by the GOSR2 gene) cause progressive myoclonus epilepsy (PME). Membrin is a ubiquitous and essential protein mediating ER-to-Golgi membrane fusion. Thus, it is unclear how mutations in Membrin result in a disorder restricted to the nervous system. Here, we use a multi-layered strategy to elucidate the consequences of Membrin mutations from protein to neuron. We show that the pathogenic mutations cause partial reductions in SNARE-mediated membrane fusion...
October 3, 2017: Cell Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28973622/association-of-biotin-ingestion-with-performance-of-hormone-and-nonhormone-assays-in-healthy-adults
#7
Danni Li, Angela Radulescu, Rupendra T Shrestha, Matthew Root, Amy B Karger, Anthony A Killeen, James S Hodges, Shu-Ling Fan, Angela Ferguson, Uttam Garg, Lori J Sokoll, Lynn A Burmeister
Importance: Biotinylated antibodies and analogues, with their strong binding to streptavidin, are used in many clinical laboratory tests. Excess biotin in blood due to supplemental biotin ingestion may affect biotin-streptavidin binding, leading to potential clinical misinterpretation. However, the degree of interference remains undefined in healthy adults. Objective: To assess performance of specific biotinylated immunoassays after 7 days of ingesting 10 mg/d of biotin, a dose common in over-the-counter supplements for healthy adults...
September 26, 2017: JAMA: the Journal of the American Medical Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28942999/optimized-purification-of-a-fusion-protein-by-reversed-phase-high-performance-liquid-chromatography-informed-by-the-linear-solvent-strength-model
#8
Isaac B Falconer, Colin T Mant, C James McKnight, Liliya Vugmeyster, Robert Hodges
Fusion protein systems are commonly used for expression of small proteins and peptides. An important criterion for a fusion protein system to be useful is the ability to separate the protein of interest from the tag. Additionally, because no protease cleaves fusion proteins with 100% efficiency, the ability to separate the desired peptide from any remaining uncleaved protein is also necessary. This is likely to be the more difficult task as at least a portion of the sequence of the fusion protein is identical to that of the protein of interest...
September 13, 2017: Journal of Chromatography. A
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28934455/drug-susceptibility-evaluation-of-an-influenza-a-h7n9-virus-by-analyzing-recombinant-neuraminidase-proteins
#9
Larisa V Gubareva, Katrina Sleeman, Zhu Guo, Hua Yang, Erin Hodges, Charles T Davis, Tatiana Baranovich, James Stevens
Background: Neuraminidase (NA) inhibitors are the recommended antiviral medications for influenza treatment. However, their therapeutic efficacy can be compromised by NA changes that emerge naturally and/or following antiviral treatment. Knowledge of which molecular changes confer drug resistance of influenza A(H7N9) viruses (group 2NA) remains sparse. Methods: Fourteen amino acid substitutions were introduced into the NA of A/Shanghai/2/2013(H7N9). Recombinant N9 (recN9) proteins were expressed in a baculovirus system in insect cells and tested using the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention standardized NA inhibition (NI) assay with oseltamivir, zanamivir, peramivir, and laninamivir...
September 15, 2017: Journal of Infectious Diseases
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28883783/performing-arm-based-network-meta-analysis-in-r-with-the-pcnetmeta-package
#10
Lifeng Lin, Jing Zhang, James S Hodges, Haitao Chu
Network meta-analysis is a powerful approach for synthesizing direct and indirect evidence about multiple treatment comparisons from a collection of independent studies. At present, the most widely used method in network meta-analysis is contrast-based, in which a baseline treatment needs to be specified in each study, and the analysis focuses on modeling relative treatment effects (typically log odds ratios). However, population-averaged treatment-specific parameters, such as absolute risks, cannot be estimated by this method without an external data source or a separate model for a reference treatment...
August 2017: Journal of Statistical Software
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28863009/methadone-and-the-qtc-interval-paucity-of-clinically-significant-factors-in-a-retrospective-cohort
#11
Gavin Bart, Zachary Wyman, Qi Wang, James S Hodges, Rehan Karim, Bradley A Bart
OBJECTIVE: Methadone is associated with prolongation of the electrocardiographic QTc interval. QTc prolongation may be linked to cardiac dysrhythmia and sudden cardiac death. The rate of these events is unknown in methadone-maintained patients. METHODS: This retrospective cohort study of 749 patients with opioid use disorder receiving methadone maintenance therapy through a single safety-net hospital, queried the electronic health record for electrocardiogram results, demographics, methadone dose, and diagnostic codes consistent with cardiac conduction disorder (International Classification of Disease, Ninth Revision [ICD-9] 426) and cardiac dysrhythmia (ICD-9 427)...
November 2017: Journal of Addiction Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28854208/delaying-the-start-of-iron-until-28-days-after-antimalarial-treatment-is-associated-with-lower-incidence-of-subsequent-illness-in-children-with-malaria-and-iron-deficiency
#12
RANDOMIZED CONTROLLED TRIAL
Ericka G Jaramillo, Ezekiel Mupere, Robert O Opoka, James S Hodges, Troy C Lund, Michael K Georgieff, Chandy C John, Sarah E Cusick
We evaluated the incidence of all-cause and malaria-specific clinic visits during follow-up of a recent trial of iron therapy. In the main trial, Ugandan children 6-59 months with smear-confirmed malaria and iron deficiency [zinc protoporphyrin (ZPP > = 80 μmol/mol heme)] were treated for malaria and randomized to start a 27-day course of oral iron concurrently with (immediate group) or 28 days after (delayed group) antimalarial treatment. All children were followed for the same 56-day period starting at the time of antimalarial treatment (Day 0) and underwent passive and active surveillance for malaria and other morbidity for the entire follow-up period...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28832871/reframing-the-opioid-epidemic-as-a-national-emergency
#13
Lawrence O Gostin, James G Hodge, Sarah A Noe
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
October 24, 2017: JAMA: the Journal of the American Medical Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28753113/a-potential-therapy-for-chordoma-via-antibody-dependent-cell-mediated-cytotoxicity-employing-nk-or-high-affinity-nk-cells-in-combination-with-cetuximab
#14
Rika Fujii, Jeffrey Schlom, James W Hodge
OBJECTIVE Chordoma is a rare bone tumor derived from the notochord and is resistant to conventional therapies such as chemotherapy, radiotherapy, and targeting therapeutics. Expression of epidermal growth factor receptor (EGFR) in a large proportion of chordoma specimens indicates a potential target for therapeutic intervention. In this study the authors investigated the potential role of the anti-EGFR antibody cetuximab in immunotherapy for chordoma. METHODS Since cetuximab is a monoclonal antibody of the IgG1 isotype, it has the potential to mediate antibody-dependent cell-mediated cytotoxicity (ADCC) employing natural killer (NK) cells as effectors...
July 28, 2017: Journal of Neurosurgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28714976/rare-coding-variants-in-plcg2-abi3-and-trem2-implicate-microglial-mediated-innate-immunity-in-alzheimer-s-disease
#15
Rebecca Sims, Sven J van der Lee, Adam C Naj, Céline Bellenguez, Nandini Badarinarayan, Johanna Jakobsdottir, Brian W Kunkle, Anne Boland, Rachel Raybould, Joshua C Bis, Eden R Martin, Benjamin Grenier-Boley, Stefanie Heilmann-Heimbach, Vincent Chouraki, Amanda B Kuzma, Kristel Sleegers, Maria Vronskaya, Agustin Ruiz, Robert R Graham, Robert Olaso, Per Hoffmann, Megan L Grove, Badri N Vardarajan, Mikko Hiltunen, Markus M Nöthen, Charles C White, Kara L Hamilton-Nelson, Jacques Epelbaum, Wolfgang Maier, Seung-Hoan Choi, Gary W Beecham, Cécile Dulary, Stefan Herms, Albert V Smith, Cory C Funk, Céline Derbois, Andreas J Forstner, Shahzad Ahmad, Hongdong Li, Delphine Bacq, Denise Harold, Claudia L Satizabal, Otto Valladares, Alessio Squassina, Rhodri Thomas, Jennifer A Brody, Liming Qu, Pascual Sánchez-Juan, Taniesha Morgan, Frank J Wolters, Yi Zhao, Florentino Sanchez Garcia, Nicola Denning, Myriam Fornage, John Malamon, Maria Candida Deniz Naranjo, Elisa Majounie, Thomas H Mosley, Beth Dombroski, David Wallon, Michelle K Lupton, Josée Dupuis, Patrice Whitehead, Laura Fratiglioni, Christopher Medway, Xueqiu Jian, Shubhabrata Mukherjee, Lina Keller, Kristelle Brown, Honghuang Lin, Laura B Cantwell, Francesco Panza, Bernadette McGuinness, Sonia Moreno-Grau, Jeremy D Burgess, Vincenzo Solfrizzi, Petra Proitsi, Hieab H Adams, Mariet Allen, Davide Seripa, Pau Pastor, L Adrienne Cupples, Nathan D Price, Didier Hannequin, Ana Frank-García, Daniel Levy, Paramita Chakrabarty, Paolo Caffarra, Ina Giegling, Alexa S Beiser, Vilmantas Giedraitis, Harald Hampel, Melissa E Garcia, Xue Wang, Lars Lannfelt, Patrizia Mecocci, Gudny Eiriksdottir, Paul K Crane, Florence Pasquier, Virginia Boccardi, Isabel Henández, Robert C Barber, Martin Scherer, Lluis Tarraga, Perrie M Adams, Markus Leber, Yuning Chen, Marilyn S Albert, Steffi Riedel-Heller, Valur Emilsson, Duane Beekly, Anne Braae, Reinhold Schmidt, Deborah Blacker, Carlo Masullo, Helena Schmidt, Rachelle S Doody, Gianfranco Spalletta, W T Longstreth Jr, Thomas J Fairchild, Paola Bossù, Oscar L Lopez, Matthew P Frosch, Eleonora Sacchinelli, Bernardino Ghetti, Qiong Yang, Ryan M Huebinger, Frank Jessen, Shuo Li, M Ilyas Kamboh, John Morris, Oscar Sotolongo-Grau, Mindy J Katz, Chris Corcoran, Melanie Dunstan, Amy Braddel, Charlene Thomas, Alun Meggy, Rachel Marshall, Amy Gerrish, Jade Chapman, Miquel Aguilar, Sarah Taylor, Matt Hill, Mònica Díez Fairén, Angela Hodges, Bruno Vellas, Hilkka Soininen, Iwona Kloszewska, Makrina Daniilidou, James Uphill, Yogen Patel, Joseph T Hughes, Jenny Lord, James Turton, Annette M Hartmann, Roberta Cecchetti, Chiara Fenoglio, Maria Serpente, Marina Arcaro, Carlo Caltagirone, Maria Donata Orfei, Antonio Ciaramella, Sabrina Pichler, Manuel Mayhaus, Wei Gu, Alberto Lleó, Juan Fortea, Rafael Blesa, Imelda S Barber, Keeley Brookes, Chiara Cupidi, Raffaele Giovanni Maletta, David Carrell, Sandro Sorbi, Susanne Moebus, Maria Urbano, Alberto Pilotto, Johannes Kornhuber, Paolo Bosco, Stephen Todd, David Craig, Janet Johnston, Michael Gill, Brian Lawlor, Aoibhinn Lynch, Nick C Fox, John Hardy, Roger L Albin, Liana G Apostolova, Steven E Arnold, Sanjay Asthana, Craig S Atwood, Clinton T Baldwin, Lisa L Barnes, Sandra Barral, Thomas G Beach, James T Becker, Eileen H Bigio, Thomas D Bird, Bradley F Boeve, James D Bowen, Adam Boxer, James R Burke, Jeffrey M Burns, Joseph D Buxbaum, Nigel J Cairns, Chuanhai Cao, Chris S Carlson, Cynthia M Carlsson, Regina M Carney, Minerva M Carrasquillo, Steven L Carroll, Carolina Ceballos Diaz, Helena C Chui, David G Clark, David H Cribbs, Elizabeth A Crocco, Charles DeCarli, Malcolm Dick, Ranjan Duara, Denis A Evans, Kelley M Faber, Kenneth B Fallon, David W Fardo, Martin R Farlow, Steven Ferris, Tatiana M Foroud, Douglas R Galasko, Marla Gearing, Daniel H Geschwind, John R Gilbert, Neill R Graff-Radford, Robert C Green, John H Growdon, Ronald L Hamilton, Lindy E Harrell, Lawrence S Honig, Matthew J Huentelman, Christine M Hulette, Bradley T Hyman, Gail P Jarvik, Erin Abner, Lee-Way Jin, Gyungah Jun, Anna Karydas, Jeffrey A Kaye, Ronald Kim, Neil W Kowall, Joel H Kramer, Frank M LaFerla, James J Lah, James B Leverenz, Allan I Levey, Ge Li, Andrew P Lieberman, Kathryn L Lunetta, Constantine G Lyketsos, Daniel C Marson, Frank Martiniuk, Deborah C Mash, Eliezer Masliah, Wayne C McCormick, Susan M McCurry, Andrew N McDavid, Ann C McKee, Marsel Mesulam, Bruce L Miller, Carol A Miller, Joshua W Miller, John C Morris, Jill R Murrell, Amanda J Myers, Sid O'Bryant, John M Olichney, Vernon S Pankratz, Joseph E Parisi, Henry L Paulson, William Perry, Elaine Peskind, Aimee Pierce, Wayne W Poon, Huntington Potter, Joseph F Quinn, Ashok Raj, Murray Raskind, Barry Reisberg, Christiane Reitz, John M Ringman, Erik D Roberson, Ekaterina Rogaeva, Howard J Rosen, Roger N Rosenberg, Mark A Sager, Andrew J Saykin, Julie A Schneider, Lon S Schneider, William W Seeley, Amanda G Smith, Joshua A Sonnen, Salvatore Spina, Robert A Stern, Russell H Swerdlow, Rudolph E Tanzi, Tricia A Thornton-Wells, John Q Trojanowski, Juan C Troncoso, Vivianna M Van Deerlin, Linda J Van Eldik, Harry V Vinters, Jean Paul Vonsattel, Sandra Weintraub, Kathleen A Welsh-Bohmer, Kirk C Wilhelmsen, Jennifer Williamson, Thomas S Wingo, Randall L Woltjer, Clinton B Wright, Chang-En Yu, Lei Yu, Fabienne Garzia, Feroze Golamaully, Gislain Septier, Sebastien Engelborghs, Rik Vandenberghe, Peter P De Deyn, Carmen Muñoz Fernadez, Yoland Aladro Benito, Hakan Thonberg, Charlotte Forsell, Lena Lilius, Anne Kinhult-Stählbom, Lena Kilander, RoseMarie Brundin, Letizia Concari, Seppo Helisalmi, Anne Maria Koivisto, Annakaisa Haapasalo, Vincent Dermecourt, Nathalie Fievet, Olivier Hanon, Carole Dufouil, Alexis Brice, Karen Ritchie, Bruno Dubois, Jayanadra J Himali, C Dirk Keene, JoAnn Tschanz, Annette L Fitzpatrick, Walter A Kukull, Maria Norton, Thor Aspelund, Eric B Larson, Ron Munger, Jerome I Rotter, Richard B Lipton, María J Bullido, Albert Hofman, Thomas J Montine, Eliecer Coto, Eric Boerwinkle, Ronald C Petersen, Victoria Alvarez, Fernando Rivadeneira, Eric M Reiman, Maura Gallo, Christopher J O'Donnell, Joan S Reisch, Amalia Cecilia Bruni, Donald R Royall, Martin Dichgans, Mary Sano, Daniela Galimberti, Peter St George-Hyslop, Elio Scarpini, Debby W Tsuang, Michelangelo Mancuso, Ubaldo Bonuccelli, Ashley R Winslow, Antonio Daniele, Chuang-Kuo Wu, Oliver Peters, Benedetta Nacmias, Matthias Riemenschneider, Reinhard Heun, Carol Brayne, David C Rubinsztein, Jose Bras, Rita Guerreiro, Ammar Al-Chalabi, Christopher E Shaw, John Collinge, David Mann, Magda Tsolaki, Jordi Clarimón, Rebecca Sussams, Simon Lovestone, Michael C O'Donovan, Michael J Owen, Timothy W Behrens, Simon Mead, Alison M Goate, Andre G Uitterlinden, Clive Holmes, Carlos Cruchaga, Martin Ingelsson, David A Bennett, John Powell, Todd E Golde, Caroline Graff, Philip L De Jager, Kevin Morgan, Nilufer Ertekin-Taner, Onofre Combarros, Bruce M Psaty, Peter Passmore, Steven G Younkin, Claudine Berr, Vilmundur Gudnason, Dan Rujescu, Dennis W Dickson, Jean-François Dartigues, Anita L DeStefano, Sara Ortega-Cubero, Hakon Hakonarson, Dominique Campion, Merce Boada, John Keoni Kauwe, Lindsay A Farrer, Christine Van Broeckhoven, M Arfan Ikram, Lesley Jones, Jonathan L Haines, Christophe Tzourio, Lenore J Launer, Valentina Escott-Price, Richard Mayeux, Jean-François Deleuze, Najaf Amin, Peter A Holmans, Margaret A Pericak-Vance, Philippe Amouyel, Cornelia M van Duijn, Alfredo Ramirez, Li-San Wang, Jean-Charles Lambert, Sudha Seshadri, Julie Williams, Gerard D Schellenberg
We identified rare coding variants associated with Alzheimer's disease in a three-stage case-control study of 85,133 subjects. In stage 1, we genotyped 34,174 samples using a whole-exome microarray. In stage 2, we tested associated variants (P < 1 × 10(-4)) in 35,962 independent samples using de novo genotyping and imputed genotypes. In stage 3, we used an additional 14,997 samples to test the most significant stage 2 associations (P < 5 × 10(-8)) using imputed genotypes. We observed three new genome-wide significant nonsynonymous variants associated with Alzheimer's disease: a protective variant in PLCG2 (rs72824905: p...
September 2017: Nature Genetics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28704961/extraction-of-pathogenesis-related-proteins-and-phenolics-in-sauvignon-blanc-as-affected-by-grape-harvesting-and-processing-conditions
#16
Bin Tian, Roland Harrison, James Morton, Marlene Jaspers, Simon Hodge, Claire Grose, Mike Trought
Thaumatin-like proteins (TLPs) and chitinases are the two main groups of pathogenesis-related (PR) proteins found in wine that cause protein haze formation. Previous studies have found that phenolics are also involved in protein haze formation. In this study, Sauvignon Blanc grapes were harvested and processed in two vintages (2011 and 2012) by three different treatments: (1) hand harvesting with whole bunch press (H-WB); (2) hand harvesting with destem/crush and 3 h skin contact (H-DC-3); and (3) machine harvesting with destem/crush and 3 h skin contact (M-DC-3)...
July 12, 2017: Molecules: a Journal of Synthetic Chemistry and Natural Product Chemistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28700312/exchanging-identifiable-health-information-among-health-departments-a-route-through-the-legal-maze
#17
James G Hodge
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
August 2017: American Journal of Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28688697/dose-dependent-enhancement-of-t-lymphocyte-priming-and-ctl-lysis-following-ionizing-radiation-in-an-engineered-model-of-oral-cancer
#18
Megan Morisada, Ellen C Moore, Rachel Hodge, Jay Friedman, Harrison A Cash, James W Hodge, James B Mitchell, Clint T Allen
OBJECTIVES: Determine if direct tumor cell cytotoxicity, antigen release, and susceptibility to T-lymphocyte killing following radiation treatment is dose-dependent. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Mouse oral cancer cells were engineered to express full-length ovalbumin as a model antigen. Tumor antigen release with uptake and cross presentation of antigen by antigen presenting cells with subsequent priming and expansion of antigen-specific T-lymphocytes following radiation was modeled in vitro and in vivo...
August 2017: Oral Oncology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28687413/effect-of-azithromycin-on-asthma-exacerbations-and-quality-of-life-in-adults-with-persistent-uncontrolled-asthma-amazes-a-randomised-double-blind-placebo-controlled-trial
#19
Peter G Gibson, Ian A Yang, John W Upham, Paul N Reynolds, Sandra Hodge, Alan L James, Christine Jenkins, Matthew J Peters, Guy B Marks, Melissa Baraket, Heather Powell, Steven L Taylor, Lex E X Leong, Geraint B Rogers, Jodie L Simpson
BACKGROUND: Exacerbations of asthma cause a substantial global illness burden. Adults with uncontrolled persistent asthma despite maintenance treatment require additional therapy. Since macrolide antibiotics can be used to treat persistent asthma, we aimed to assess the efficacy and safety of oral azithromycin as add-on therapy in patients with uncontrolled persistent asthma on medium-to-high dose inhaled corticosteroids plus a long-acting bronchodilator. METHODS: We did a randomised, double-blind, placebo controlled parallel group trial to determine whether oral azithromycin decreases the frequency of asthma exacerbations in adults (≥18 years) with symptomatic asthma despite current use of inhaled corticosteroid and long-acting bronchodilator, and who had no hearing impairment or abnormal prolongation of the corrected QT interval...
July 4, 2017: Lancet
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28683516/diagnostics-for-generalized-linear-hierarchical-models-in-network-meta-analysis
#20
Hong Zhao, James S Hodges, Bradley P Carlin
Network meta-analysis (NMA) combines direct and indirect evidence comparing more than 2 treatments. Inconsistency arises when these 2 information sources differ. Previous work focuses on inconsistency detection, but little has been done on how to proceed after identifying inconsistency. The key issue is whether inconsistency changes an NMA's substantive conclusions. In this paper, we examine such discrepancies from a diagnostic point of view. Our methods seek to detect influential and outlying observations in NMA at a trial-by-arm level...
September 2017: Research Synthesis Methods
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