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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28208169/reforming-federal-public-health-powers-responding-to-national-and-global-threats
#1
Lawrence O Gostin, James G Hodge
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
February 16, 2017: JAMA: the Journal of the American Medical Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28156633/evaluation-of-the-palliative-benefit-and-toxicity-of-ra-223-treatment-of-men-with-hormone-refractory-prostate-cancer-in-a-community-setting
#2
Bide Xiong, Fang Liu, Elizabeth Garber, James Wheeler
: 225 Background: The ALSYMCA (Alpharadin in Symptomatic Prostate Cancer) trial was a phase III, placebo controlled, randomized trial in which 921 men with bone metastasis from hormone refractory prostate cancer (HRPC) were randomly assigned to receive radium-223 (Ra-223) or placebo. Ra-223 produced a 30% survival benefit, with a median survival of 14.9 months compared to 11.3 months for patients treated with a placebo, which led to FDA approval in 2013. METHODS: We identified through the nuclear medicine records 11 patients who started Ra-223 between March 15, 2013 and December 10, 2015...
October 9, 2016: Journal of Clinical Oncology: Official Journal of the American Society of Clinical Oncology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28097206/-18-f-av-1451-pet-in-behavioral-variant-frontotemporal-dementia-due-to-mapt-mutation
#3
W Richard Bevan Jones, Thomas E Cope, Luca Passamonti, Tim D Fryer, Young T Hong, Franklin Aigbirhio, Jillian J Kril, Shelley L Forrest, Kieren Allinson, Jonathan P Coles, P Simon Jones, Maria G Spillantini, John R Hodges, John T O'Brien, James B Rowe
The validation of tau radioligands could improve the diagnosis of frontotemporal lobar degeneration and the assessment of disease-modifying therapies. Here, we demonstrate that binding of the tau radioligand [(18)F]AV-1451 was significantly abnormal in both magnitude and distribution in a patient with familial frontotemporal dementia due to a MAPT 10 + 16C>T gene mutation, recapitulating the pattern of neuropathology seen in her father. Given the genetic diagnosis and the non-Alzheimer's pathology, these findings suggest that [(18)F]AV-1451 might be a useful biomarker in primary tauopathies...
December 2016: Annals of Clinical and Translational Neurology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28097063/interferon-%C3%AE-responses-to-plasmodium-falciparum-vaccine-candidate-antigens-decrease-in-the-absence-of-malaria-transmission
#4
Cyrus Ayieko, Bilha S Ogola, Lyticia Ochola, Gideon A M Ngwena, George Ayodo, James S Hodges, Gregory S Noland, Chandy C John
BACKGROUND: Malaria elimination campaigns are planned or active in many countries. The effects of malaria elimination on immune responses such as antigen-specific IFN- γ responses are not well characterized. METHODS: IFN- γ responses to the P. falciparum antigens circumsporozoite protein, liver stage antigen-1, thrombospondin-related adhesive protein, apical membrane antigen-1, MB2, and merozoite surface protein-1 were tested by ELISA in 243 individuals in highland Kenya in April 2008, October 2008, and April 2009, after a one-year period of interrupted malaria transmission from April 2007 to March 2008...
2017: PeerJ
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27991831/federal-powers-to-control-communicable-conditions-call-for-reforms-to-assure-national-preparedness-and-promote-global-security
#5
James G Hodge, Lawrence O Gostin, Wendy E Parmet, Jennifer B Nuzzo, Alexandra Phelan
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
January 2017: Health Security
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27986382/dacryocystorhinostomy-for-acquired-nasolacrimal-duct-stenosis-in-the-elderly-%C3%A2-80-years-of-age
#6
Andrea A Tooley, Kyle N Klingler, George B Bartley, James A Garrity, John J Woog, David Hodge, Elizabeth A Bradley
PURPOSE: The incidence of acquired nasolacrimal duct obstruction (NLDO) increases with age. Dacryocystorhinostomy, the definitive treatment for NLDO, has a high success rate (80%-100%) with a low complication rate (1%-6%), but surgical outcomes have not been reported previously specifically for an elderly population, in which there may be increased risk for intraoperative and postoperative complications. The purpose of this study was to examine surgical outcomes and complication rates of dacryocystorhinostomy in an elderly population...
February 2017: Ophthalmology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27940786/long-term-behavioral-problems-in-children-with-severe-malaria
#7
John Mbaziira Ssenkusu, James Steven Hodges, Robert Opika Opoka, Richard Idro, Elsa Shapiro, Chandy Chiramukhathu John, Paul Bangirana
BACKGROUND: Severe malaria in children is associated with long-term neurocognitive impairment, but it is unclear whether it is associated with long-term behavioral problems. METHODS: Children <5 years old with cerebral malaria (CM) or severe malarial anemia (SMA) treated at Mulago Hospital, Kampala, Uganda were assessed for behavioral outcomes at 0, 6, 12, and 24 months using the Child Behavior Checklist. Sample sizes at 0, 12, and 24 months were 122, 100, and 80 in the CM group, 130, 98, and 81 in the SMA group, and 149, 123, and 90 in healthy community control (CC) children, respectively...
November 2016: Pediatrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27906454/immunotherapy-of-head-and-neck-cancer-emerging-clinical-trials-from-a-national-cancer-institute-head-and-neck-cancer-steering-committee-planning-meeting
#8
Julie E Bauman, Ezra Cohen, Robert L Ferris, David J Adelstein, David M Brizel, John A Ridge, Brian O'Sullivan, Barbara A Burtness, Lisa H Butterfield, William E Carson, Mary L Disis, Bernard A Fox, Thomas F Gajewski, Maura L Gillison, James W Hodge, Quynh-Thu Le, David Raben, Scott E Strome, Jean Lynn, Shakun Malik
Recent advances have permitted successful therapeutic targeting of the immune system in head and neck squamous cell carcinoma (HNSCC). These new immunotherapeutic targets and agents are being rapidly adopted by the oncologic community and hold considerable promise. The National Cancer Institute sponsored a Clinical Trials Planning Meeting to address the issue of how to further investigate the use of immunotherapy in patients with HNSCC. The goals of the meeting were to consider phase 2 or 3 trial designs primarily in 3 different patient populations: those with previously untreated, human papillomavirus-initiated oropharyngeal cancers; those with previously untreated, human papillomavirus-negative HNSCC; and those with recurrent/metastatic HNSCC...
December 1, 2016: Cancer
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27893426/sublethal-exposure-to-alpha-radiation-223ra-dichloride-enhances-various-carcinomas-sensitivity-to-lysis-by-antigen-specific-cytotoxic-t-lymphocytes-through-calreticulin-mediated-immunogenic-modulation
#9
Anthony S Malamas, Sofia R Gameiro, Karin M Knudson, James W Hodge
Radium-223 dichloride (Xofigo®; 223Ra) is an alpha-emitting radiopharmaceutical FDA-approved for the treatment of bone metastases in patients with advanced castration-resistant prostate cancer. It is also being examined clinically in patients with breast and lung carcinoma and patients with multiple myeloma. As with other forms of radiation, the aim of 223Ra is to reduce tumor burden by directly killing tumor cells. External beam (photon) and proton radiation have been shown to augment tumor sensitivity to antigen-specific CD8+ cytotoxic T lymphocytes (CTLs)...
November 23, 2016: Oncotarget
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27865451/astrocytic-contributions-to-synaptic-and-learning-abnormalities-in-a-mouse-model-of-fragile-x-syndrome
#10
Jennifer L Hodges, Xinzhu Yu, Anthony Gilmore, Hannah Bennett, Michelle Tjia, James F Perna, Chia-Chien Chen, Xiang Li, Ju Lu, Yi Zuo
BACKGROUND: Fragile X syndrome (FXS) is the most common type of mental retardation attributable to a single-gene mutation. It is caused by FMR1 gene silencing and the consequent loss of its protein product, fragile X mental retardation protein. Fmr1 global knockout (KO) mice recapitulate many behavioral and synaptic phenotypes associated with FXS. Abundant evidence suggests that astrocytes are important contributors to neurological diseases. This study investigates astrocytic contributions to the progression of synaptic abnormalities and learning impairments associated with FXS...
September 13, 2016: Biological Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27861156/an-nk-cell-line-hank-expressing-high-levels-of-granzyme-and-engineered-to-express-the-high-affinity-cd16-allele
#11
Caroline Jochems, James W Hodge, Massimo Fantini, Rika Fujii, Y Maurice Morillon Ii, John W Greiner, Michelle R Padget, Sarah R Tritsch, Kwong Yok Tsang, Kerry S Campbell, Hans Klingemann, Laurent Boissel, Shahrooz Rabizadeh, Patrick Soon-Shiong, Jeffrey Schlom
Natural killer (NK) cells are known to play a role in mediating innate immunity, in enhancing adaptive immune responses, and have been implicated in mediating anti-tumor responses via antibody-dependent cell-mediated cytotoxicity (ADCC) by reactivity of CD16 with the Fc region of human IgG1 antibodies. The NK-92 cell line, derived from a lymphoma patient, has previously been well characterized and adoptive transfer of irradiated NK-92 cells has demonstrated safety and shown preliminary evidence of clinical benefit in cancer patients...
November 16, 2016: Oncotarget
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27821737/quasimodo-mediates-daily-and-acute-light-effects-on-drosophila-clock-neuron-excitability
#12
Edgar Buhl, Adam Bradlaugh, Maite Ogueta, Ko-Fan Chen, Ralf Stanewsky, James J L Hodge
We have characterized a light-input pathway regulating Drosophila clock neuron excitability. The molecular clock drives rhythmic electrical excitability of clock neurons, and we show that the recently discovered light-input factor Quasimodo (Qsm) regulates this variation, presumably via an Na(+), K(+), Cl(-) cotransporter (NKCC) and the Shaw K(+) channel (dKV3.1). Because of light-dependent degradation of the clock protein Timeless (Tim), constant illumination (LL) leads to a breakdown of molecular and behavioral rhythms...
November 22, 2016: Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences of the United States of America
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27718512/feasibility-and-tolerability-of-low-intensity-whole-body-vibration-and-its-effects-on-muscle-function-and-bone-in-patients-with-dystrophinopathies-a-pilot-study
#13
Anna Petryk, Lynda E Polgreen, Molly Grames, Dawn A Lowe, James S Hodges, Peter Karachunski
INTRODUCTION: Dystrophinopathies are X-linked muscle degenerative disorders that result in progressive muscle weakness complicated by bone loss. This study's goal was to evaluate feasibility and tolerability of whole body low intensity vibration (WBLIV) and its potential effects on muscle and bone in patients with Duchenne or Becker muscular dystrophy. METHODS: This 12-month pilot study included 5 patients (age 5.9-21.7 years) who used a low-intensity Marodyne LivMD plate vibrating at 30-90 Hz for 10 minutes/day for the first 6 months...
October 8, 2016: Muscle & Nerve
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27716622/near-infrared-photoimmunotherapy-with-avelumab-an-anti-programmed-death-ligand-1-pd-l1-antibody
#14
Tadanobu Nagaya, Yuko Nakamura, Kazuhide Sato, Toshiko Harada, Peter L Choyke, James W Hodge, Jeffrey Schlom, Hisataka Kobayashi
Near Infrared-Photoimmunotherapy (NIR-PIT) is a highly selective tumor treatment that employs an antibody-photo-absorber conjugate (APC). Programmed cell death protein-1 ligand (PD-L1) is emerging as a molecular target. Here, we describe the efficacy of NIR-PIT, using fully human IgG1 anti-PD-L1 monoclonal antibody (mAb), avelumab, conjugated to the photo-absorber, IR700DX, in a PD-L1 expressing H441 cell line, papillary adenocarcinoma of lung. Avelumab-IR700 showed specific binding and cell-specific killing was observed after exposure of the cells to NIR in vitro...
January 31, 2017: Oncotarget
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27702896/mutational-landscape-of-egfr-myc-and-kras-driven-genetically-engineered-mouse-models-of-lung-adenocarcinoma
#15
David G McFadden, Katerina Politi, Arjun Bhutkar, Frances K Chen, Xiaoling Song, Mono Pirun, Philip M Santiago, Caroline Kim-Kiselak, James T Platt, Emily Lee, Emily Hodges, Adam P Rosebrock, Roderick T Bronson, Nicholas D Socci, Gregory J Hannon, Tyler Jacks, Harold Varmus
Genetically engineered mouse models (GEMMs) of cancer are increasingly being used to assess putative driver mutations identified by large-scale sequencing of human cancer genomes. To accurately interpret experiments that introduce additional mutations, an understanding of the somatic genetic profile and evolution of GEMM tumors is necessary. Here, we performed whole-exome sequencing of tumors from three GEMMs of lung adenocarcinoma driven by mutant epidermal growth factor receptor (EGFR), mutant Kirsten rat sarcoma viral oncogene homolog (Kras), or overexpression of MYC proto-oncogene...
October 18, 2016: Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences of the United States of America
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27676336/zika-virus-and-global-health-security
#16
Lawrence O Gostin, James G Hodge
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
October 2016: Lancet Infectious Diseases
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27643615/unmethylated-insulin-dna-is-elevated-after-total-pancreatectomy-with-islet-autotransplant-assessment-of-a-novel-beta-cell-marker
#17
Melena D Bellin, Pamela Clark, Sahar Usmani-Brown, Ty B Dunn, Gregory J Beilman, Srinath Chinnakotla, Timothy L Pruett, Peggy Ptacek, Bernhard J Hering, Zuoheng Wang, Thomas Gilmore, Joshua Wilhelm, James S Hodges, Antoinette Moran, Kevan C Herold
Beta cell death may occur both after islet isolation and during infusion back into recipients undergoing total pancreatectomy with islet autotransplantation (TPIAT) for chronic pancreatitis. We measured the novel beta cell death marker unmethylated insulin (INS) DNA in TPIAT recipients before and immediately after islet infusion (n=21), and again 90 days post-TPIAT concurrent with metabolic functional assessments (n=25). As expected, INS DNA decreased after pancreatectomy (p=0.0002). Following islet infusion, all TPIAT recipients had an elevated unmethylated INS DNA ratio in the first hours...
September 19, 2016: American Journal of Transplantation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27581451/a-neural-network-underlying-circadian-entrainment-and-photoperiodic-adjustment-of-sleep-and-activity-in-drosophila
#18
Matthias Schlichting, Pamela Menegazzi, Katharine R Lelito, Zepeng Yao, Edgar Buhl, Elena Dalla Benetta, Andrew Bahle, Jennifer Denike, James John Hodge, Charlotte Helfrich-Förster, Orie Thomas Shafer
UNLABELLED: A sensitivity of the circadian clock to light/dark cycles ensures that biological rhythms maintain optimal phase relationships with the external day. In animals, the circadian clock neuron network (CCNN) driving sleep/activity rhythms receives light input from multiple photoreceptors, but how these photoreceptors modulate CCNN components is not well understood. Here we show that the Hofbauer-Buchner eyelets differentially modulate two classes of ventral lateral neurons (LNvs) within the Drosophila CCNN...
August 31, 2016: Journal of Neuroscience: the Official Journal of the Society for Neuroscience
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27531942/the-promise-and-pitfalls-of-public-health-policy-surveillance
#19
James G Hodge
Though public health policy surveillance is an integral tool in correlating the law to scientifically based public health law studies, drawing accurate legal conclusions from collected data can be challenging. Data may be of poor quality, inaccessible to law and policy makers, or inapplicable to other jurisdictions over time and place. As Burris et al. (2016) advocate, modern, sophisticated, and interactive data collection systems would render more precise legal analysis tied to public health improvements. Although policy surveillance is promising, public health officials, health care providers, attorneys, and researchers must be skilled and prepared to successfully navigate and resolve potential pitfalls for its benefits to be fully realized...
August 16, 2016: Journal of Health Politics, Policy and Law
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27489873/expanding-the-phenotypic-associations-of-globular-glial-tau-subtypes
#20
James R Burrell, Shelley Forrest, Thomas H Bak, John R Hodges, Glenda M Halliday, Jillian J Kril
INTRODUCTION: Clinicopathologic correlation in non-Alzheimer's tauopathies is variable, despite refinement of pathologic diagnostic criteria. In the present study, the clinical and neuroimaging characteristics of globular glial tauopathy (GGT) were examined to determine whether subtyping according to consensus guidelines improves clinicopathologic correlation. METHODS: Confirmed GGT cases (n = 11) were identified from 181 frontotemporal tauopathy cases. Clinical and neuroimaging details were collected, and cases sub-typed according to the consensus criteria for GGT diagnosis...
2016: Alzheimer's & Dementia: Diagnosis, Assessment & Disease Monitoring
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