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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28515568/gender-differences-in-persistent-delusional-disorder
#1
Karishma R Kulkarni, Rashmi Arasappa, M Krishna Prasad, Amit Zutshi, Prabhat K Chand, Pratima Murthy, Kesavan Muralidharan
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
March 2017: Indian Journal of Psychological Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28511824/psychiatric-disorders-and-pruritus
#2
Helen Gin Lee, Carolyn Stull, Gil Yosipovitch
The skin and psyche are intimately related with various skin diseases caused by or resulting in psychiatric disturbances. Pruritus is a commonly reported symptom in psychiatric patients, and likewise psychiatric co-morbidities, including anxiety and depression, are frequently seen in chronic pruritus patients. Primary psychodermatologic conditions, such as somatic symptom disorder, dermatitis artefacta, obsessive-compulsive and related disorders (excoriation disorder and prurigo nodularis), delusional infestation, and substance use disorder, can all induce significant pruritus in patients, severely affecting their quality of life...
May 2017: Clinics in Dermatology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28479822/an-aberrant-presentation-of-delusional-body-dysmorphic-disorder-importance-of-early-psychiatry-liaison
#3
Harshini Manohar, Vikas Menon
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
April 2017: Journal of Neurosciences in Rural Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28456376/-consultation-liaison-during-the-peripartum-network-care-between-liaison-and-mobile-unit
#4
V Garez, E Devouche, A Bobin-Bègue, M Alecian, P Minjollet, A Vallerent, M Poget, H Oguibenine, C Héroux, F Medjkane, G Apter
OBJECTIVES: The pregnancy periods of peripartum and immediate postpartum represent moments of opportunity to access care. Both prevention and therapeutic management can be offered with a better chance of success during these periods. Our specific Consultation Liaison (CL) team PPUMMA was created in order to respond to the need for early detection of psychopathology and rapid implementation of therapeutic management and preventive measure for mother and child. The importance of urgently intervening "on site" seemed a necessity since duration of hospitalization in maternity wards is very short...
April 26, 2017: L'Encéphale
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28449271/delusional-and-psychotic-disorders-in-juvenile-myotonic-dystrophy-type-1
#5
Delphine Jacobs, Diane Willekens, Christine de Die-Smulders, Jean-Pierre Frijns, Jean Steyaert
We investigated the clinically derived hypothesis of a relatively high incidence of delusional and psychotic disorders in adolescents with juvenile Myotonic Dystrophy type-1 (DM1). Twenty-seven subjects of age 16-25 with juvenile DM1 and their parents were invited to have a clinical psychiatric interview, and to complete an ASEBA behavior checklist (YSR, ASR, CBCL, and ABCL). We diagnosed a Delusional Disorder in 19% of our patients and a Psychotic Disorder not otherwise specified in another 19%. These two groups of patients had a significantly worse level of clinically defined general functioning...
April 27, 2017: American Journal of Medical Genetics. Part B, Neuropsychiatric Genetics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28446209/antipsychotic-prescribing-for-alzheimer-s-disease-and-related-disorders-in-specialized-settings-from-2010-to-2014-in-france-a-repeated-cross-sectional-study
#6
Karim Tifratene, Valeria Manera, Roxane Fabre, Auriane Gros, Susanne Thummler, Christian Pradier, Philippe Robert, Renaud David
BACKGROUND: Safety warnings from health authorities are currently intended to limit the use of antipsychotics (APs) in dementia-related conditions to treat neuropsychiatric symptoms, such as disturbing and/or delusional behaviors. The aim of this study is to investigate prevalence, correlates and trends of AP prescribing among people with dementia between 2010 and 2014 in the French population. METHODS: AP prescribing and associated factors among individuals with AD, mixed dementia and vascular dementia in the French National Alzheimer Database between 2010 and 2014 were analyzed using multivariate generalized estimating equations models (n = 199,549)...
April 26, 2017: Alzheimer's Research & Therapy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28429899/neurotransmitter-systems-neuroanatomical-pathology-and-cell-death-in-schizophrenia-update-and-perspectives
#7
Hazael Avila-Rojas, Hugo Sandoval-Zamora, Iván Pérez-Neri
Schizophrenia is a thought disorder characterized by delusional thinking which may be accompanied by hallucinations involving any sensory modality. Schizophrenia may be associated with several neurologic and psychiatric disorders. Also, it may be induced by drugs. In spite of the similarity in psychoses symptomatology, it is unknown if it involves the same underlying neurobiologic mechanisms in those cases. Schizophrenic patients exhibit not only neuroanatomical alterations, but also, distortion of several neurotransmitter systems...
June 2016: Investigación Clínica
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28424054/an-unusual-delusion-of-duplication-in-a-patient-affected-by-dementia-with-lewy-bodies
#8
Paolo Solla, Gioia Mura, Antonino Cannas, Gianluca Floris, Davide Fonti, Gianni Orofino, Mauro Giovanni Carta, Francesco Marrosu
BACKGROUND: Dementia with Lewy bodies (DLB) is the second most frequent diagnosis of progressive degenerative dementia in older people. Delusions are common features in DLB and, among them, Capgras syndrome represents the most frequent disturbance, characterized by the recurrent and transient belief that a familiar person, often a close family member or caregiver, has been replaced by an identical-looking imposter. However, other delusional conditions near to misidentification syndromes can occur in DLB patients and may represent a major psychiatric disorder, although rarely studied systematically...
April 19, 2017: BMC Neurology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28422607/delusional-disorder-arising-from-a-cns-neoplasm
#9
John Stupinski, Jihye Kim, Dimitry Francois
Erotomania arising from a central nervous system (CNS) neoplasm has not been previously described. Here, we present the first known case, to our knowledge, of erotomania with associated persecutory delusions arising following diagnosis and treatment of a left frontal lobe brain tumor.
2017: Journal of Neuropsychiatry and Clinical Neurosciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28411771/psychocutaneous-disease-clinical-perspectives
#10
REVIEW
Helena Kuhn, Constance Mennella, Michelle Magid, Caroline Stamu-O'Brien, George Kroumpouzos
Psychocutaneous disease, defined in this review as primary psychiatric disease with skin manifestations, is commonly encountered in dermatology. Dermatologists can play an important role in the management of psychocutaneous disease because patients visit dermatology for treatment of their skin problems but often refuse psychiatric intervention. This review describes common psychocutaneous syndromes, including delusional, factitious, obsessive-compulsive and related, and eating disorders, as well as psychogenic pruritus, cutaneous sensory (pain) syndromes, posttraumatic stress disorder, and sleep-wake disorders...
May 2017: Journal of the American Academy of Dermatology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28411574/risperidone-versus-olanzapine-in-the-acute-treatment-of-persistent-delusional-disorder-a-retrospective-analysis
#11
Karishma Kulkarni, Rashmi Arasappa, Krishna Prasad M, Amit Zutshi, Prabhat K Chand, Pratima Murthy, Mariamma Philip, Kesavan Muralidharan
There is a dearth of prospective trials studying treatment response in Persistent Delusional Disorder (PDD) to guide clinical practice. Available retrospective data indicate good response to second-generation antipsychotics (SGAs). We selected the data of patients prescribed either olanzapine or risperidone from a retrospective chart review of PDD (n=455) at our centre. We compared the two groups olanzapine (n =86) versus risperidone (n =280) on dose, drug adherence, response and adverse effects. The two groups were comparable on socio-demographic and clinical characteristics of PDD...
April 9, 2017: Psychiatry Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28409714/psychotic-depression-and-suicidal-behavior
#12
Kristin J Fredriksen, Helle K Schoeyen, Jan O Johannessen, Fredrik A Walby, Larry Davidson, Margrethe A Schaufel
OBJECTIVE: This study investigated how severely depressed individuals experienced the relationship between psychotic symptoms and suicidal ideation and behavior. METHOD: Semi-structured qualitative interviews were conducted with a purposive sample of nine inpatients from a psychiatric university hospital between September 2012 and May 2013 fulfilling diagnostic criteria for a psychotic depressive episode as part of a unipolar or bipolar disorder. Analysis was conducted using systematic text condensation...
2017: Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28399309/transdiagnostic-extension-of-delusions-schizophrenia-and-beyond
#13
Paul Bebbington, Daniel Freeman
Delusion is central to the conceptualization, definition, and identification of schizophrenia. However, in current classifications, the presence of delusions is neither necessary nor sufficient for the diagnosis of schizophrenia, nor is it sufficient to exclude the diagnosis of some other psychiatric conditions. Partly as a consequence of these classification rules, it is possible for delusions to exist transdiagnostically. In this article, we evaluate the extent to which this happens, and in what ways the characteristics of delusions vary according to diagnostic context...
March 1, 2017: Schizophrenia Bulletin
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28367347/delusional-disorder-erotomanic-type-exacerbated-by-social-media-use
#14
Justin Faden, Jonathan Levin, Ronak Mistry, Jessica Wang
Erotomania is an uncommon form of delusional disorder in which an individual has an unfounded belief that another is in love with him. Previous case reports have shown that social media networks may play a role in worsening delusional beliefs. We report the case of a 24-year-old male college student that utilized social media to stalk a female college student, resulting in his suspension from school and hospitalization. The student was diagnosed with delusional disorder, erotomanic type, and started on risperidone...
2017: Case Reports in Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28338760/childhood-maltreatment-and-young-adulthood-hallucinations-delusional-experiences-and-psychosis-a-longitudinal-study
#15
Amanuel Alemu Abajobir, Steve Kisely, James G Scott, Gail Williams, Alexandra Clavarino, Lane Strathearn, Jake Moses Najman
Child maltreatment is a widespread public health problem associated with a range of mental health disorders later in life. In order to effectively address these disorders, there is a need to understand more about the mental health consequences of different types of child maltreatment. This study examines the associations between prospectively substantiated child maltreatment (ages 0-14 y) and reports of hallucinations and delusional experiences at 21 years after birth. As well, we examined 12-month and lifetime psychotic disorders using data from a longitudinal birth cohort...
January 30, 2017: Schizophrenia Bulletin
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28299553/history-of-morgellons-disease-the-same-name-for-different-psychodermatologic-diseases
#16
Bárbara Roque Ferreira, Maria Grazia Roccia, José Carlos Cardoso, Katlein França, Uwe Wollina, Torello Lotti, Massimo Fioranelli
"Morgellons disease" has been a controversial topic in the history of psychodermatology. The most consensual scientific opinion is that it is a primary psychiatric disorder, particularly, a delusional disorder, although others were also pointed out. Some authors have suggested that it may correspond to a common dermatosis with secondary psychopathology. The Morgellons Research Foundation has advocated that it is "an emerging infectious" entity. This paper intends to critically review the main ideas and controversies, since its first description...
March 15, 2017: Wiener Medizinische Wochenschrift
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28292279/the-quality-of-severe-mental-disorder-diagnoses-in-a-national-health-registry-as-compared-to-research-diagnoses-based-on-structured-interview
#17
Ragnar Nesvåg, Erik G Jönsson, Inger Johanne Bakken, Gun Peggy Knudsen, Thomas D Bjella, Ted Reichborn-Kjennerud, Ingrid Melle, Ole A Andreassen
BACKGROUND: Utilization of diagnostic information from national patient registries rests on the quality of the registered diagnoses. We aimed to investigate the agreement and consistency of diagnoses of psychotic and bipolar disorders in the Norwegian Patient Registry (NPR) compared to structured interview-based diagnoses given as part of a clinical research project. METHODS: Diagnostic data from NPR were obtained for the period 01.01.2008-31.12.2013 for all patients who had been included in the Thematically Organized Psychosis (TOP) study between 18...
March 14, 2017: BMC Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28257853/cortical-features-of-distinct-developmental-trajectories-in-patients-with-delusional-infestation
#18
Dusan Hirjak, Markus Huber, Erwin Kirchler, Katharina M Kubera, Martin Karner, Fabio Sambataro, Roland W Freudenmann, Robert C Wolf
BACKGROUND: Although there is strong neuroimaging evidence that cortical alterations are a core feature of schizophrenia spectrum disorders, it still remains unclear to what extent such abnormalities occur in monothematic delusional disorders. In individuals with delusional infestation (DI), the delusional belief to be infested with pathogens, previous structural MRI studies have shown prefrontal, temporal, parietal, insular, thalamic and striatal gray matter volume changes. Differential contributions of cortical features of evolutionary and genetic origin (such as cortical thickness, area and folding) which may distinctly contribute to DI pathophysiology are unclear at present...
February 28, 2017: Progress in Neuro-psychopharmacology & Biological Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28247268/lithium-in-the-episode-and-suicide-prophylaxis-and-in-augmenting-strategies-in-patients-with-unipolar-depression
#19
REVIEW
Mohammed T Abou-Saleh, Bruno Müller-Oerlinghausen, Alec J Coppen
BACKGROUND: Depressive disorders are a leading cause of the global burden of disease and are associated with high recurrent often continuing morbidity and high excess mortality by suicide and cardiovascular disease. Whilst there are established, effective and cost-effective treatments for depression, their long-term management is often neglected: there is continuing controversy over the case of need for long-term treatment including lifelong treatment and safety issues. OBJECTIVE AND METHODS: In this narrative review, we critically examine the evidence for the effectiveness and safety of lithium salts in the long-term management of unipolar depression...
December 2017: International Journal of Bipolar Disorders
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28237606/a-symptom-network-structure-of-the-psychosis-spectrum
#20
Geeske van Rooijen, Adela-Maria Isvoranu, Carin J Meijer, Claudia D van Borkulo, Henricus G Ruhé, Lieuwe de Haan
Current diagnostic systems mainly focus on symptoms needed to classify patients with a specific mental disorder and do not take into account the variation in co-occurring symptoms and the interaction between the symptoms themselves. The innovative network approach aims to further our understanding of mental disorders by focusing on meaningful connections between individual symptoms of a disorder and has thus far proven valuable insights to psychopathology. The aims of current study were to I) construct a symptom network and investigate interactions between a wide array of psychotic symptoms; II) identify the most important symptoms within this network and III) perform an explorative shortest pathway analysis between depressive and delusional symptoms...
February 22, 2017: Schizophrenia Research
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