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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28988068/decapitation-in-reality-and-fine-art-a-review
#1
REVIEW
Valentina Nikolić, Slobodan Savić, Vaso Antunović, Slobodan Marinković, Charlotte Andrieux, Irina Tomić
The aim of our study was to examine all types of decapitation from forensic literature, including our own case, and to analyze the presentation of beheading in fine art, popular literature, and music. To do this, over 200 scientific articles in regard to decapitation were analyzed, as well as more than 10,000 artworks, and several hundreds of literary works and music pieces. In addition, a macroscopic examination of a decapitated victim was performed. Finally, a multislice computerized tomography (MSCT) examination of the cervical spine in two live volunteers was undertaken to present the osteological relationships...
September 27, 2017: Forensic Science International
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28983492/comparison-of-the-ctdi-and-aapm-report-no-111-methodology-in-adult-adolescent-and-child-head-phantoms-for-msct-and-dental-cbct-scanners
#2
Celina L Li, Yogesh Thakur, Nancy L Ford
This study investigates the dosimetry methodology proposed by the American Association of Physicists in Medicine (AAPM) task group 111 and compares with the computed tomography dose index (CTDI) method and the SEDENTEXCT DI method on one clinical multislice CT and two dental cone beam CT (CBCT) scanners using adult, adolescent, and child head phantoms. Following the AAPM method, the normalized (100 mAs) equilibrium doses ([Formula: see text]) for Toshiba Aquilion One MSCT computed using dose measurements from the central hole of the phantom ([Formula: see text]), the peripheral hole of the phantom, ([Formula: see text]), and by the [Formula: see text] equation ([Formula: see text]) are in the range from 20 to 25 mGy...
July 2017: Journal of Medical Imaging
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28942233/comparison-of-radiation-doses-imparted-during-128-multislice-ct-scanners-and-cone-beam-computed-tomography-for-intra-and-perioperative-cochlear-implant-assessment
#3
N Guberina, U Dietrich, D Arweiler-Harbeck, M Forsting, A Ringelstein
PURPOSE: To examine radiation-doses imparted during multislice (MSCT) and cone-beam computed-tomography (CBCT) for perioperative examination of cochlear-implant insertion. METHODS: Radiation-doses were assessed during standardized petrous-bone CT-protocols at different MSCT ((I) single-source CT-scanner Somatom-Definition-AS+, (II) 2nd generation of dual-source CT-scanner Somatom-Definition-Flash, (III) 3rd generation of dual-source CT-scanner Somatom-Force and at the CBCT Ziehm-Vision-RFD3D ((IV) (a) RFD-3D (Standard-modifier), (b) RFD-3D (Low-dose-modifier))...
September 19, 2017: American Journal of Otolaryngology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28938228/sex-determination-from-chest-measurements-in-a-sample-of-egyptian-adults-using-multislice-computed-tomography
#4
Ragaa T Darwish, Manal H Abdel-Aziz, Abdel-Aziz M El Nekiedy, Zahraa K Sobh
BACKGROUND: In forensic sciences to determine one's sex is quite important during the identity defining stage. The reliability of sex determination depends on the completeness of the remains and the degree of sexual dimorphism inherent in the population. Computed Tomography is the imaging modality of choice for two- and three-dimensional documentation and analysis of many autopsy findings. OBJECTIVE: The aim of the present work was to assess the reliability of Three-dimensional Multislice Computed Tomography (3D MSCT) to determine sexual dimorphism from certain chest measurements; sternum and fourth rib using the 3D MSCT and to develop equations for sex determination from these bones among adult Egyptians sample...
September 11, 2017: Journal of Forensic and Legal Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28932562/standardized-uptake-value-and-radiological-density-attenuation-as-predictive-and-prognostic-factors-in-patients-with-solitary-pulmonary-nodules-our-experience-on-1-592-patients
#5
Duilio Divisi, Mirko Barone, Luca Bertolaccini, Gaetano Rocco, Piergiorgio Solli, Roberto Crisci
BACKGROUND: Multislice computed tomography (MSCT) increased detection of solitary pulmonary nodules (SPNs), changing the management based on radiological and clinical factors. When 18-fluorine fluorodeoxyglucose positron emission tomography combined with computed tomography ((18)F-FDG-PET/CT) was considered for the evaluation of nodules, the maximum standardized uptake value (SUVmax) more than 2.5 is used frequently as a cut off for malignancy. The purpose of this study is to evaluate SUVmax PET/CT and pulmonary attenuation patterns at MSCT in patients with SPN according to morphological and pathological characteristics of the lesion...
August 2017: Journal of Thoracic Disease
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28924531/efficacy-of-metabolically-supported-chemotherapy-combined-with-ketogenic-diet-hyperthermia-and-hyperbaric-oxygen-therapy-for-stage-iv-triple-negative-breast-cancer
#6
Mehmet Salih İyikesici, Abdul Kadir Slocum, Ayshe Slocum, Ferhan Bulent Berkarda, Miriam Kalamian, Thomas N Seyfried
Triple-negative breast cancer (TNBC) is more aggressive and metastatic than other breast cancer types. Cytotoxic chemotherapy is presently the predominant systemic therapy for TNBC patients. This case report highlights the influence of metabolically supported chemotherapy (MSCT), ketogenic diet (KD), hyperthermia (HT), and hyperbaric oxygen therapy (HBOT) in an overweight 29-year-old woman with stage IV (T4N3M1) triple-negative invasive ductal carcinoma of the breast. The patient presented with an observable mass in her left breast detected during a physical examination in December 2015...
July 7, 2017: Curēus
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28902828/-open-surgical-treatment-of-a-giant-renal-cyst-on-the-background-of-an-arteriovenous-fistula-of-the-right-renal-artery
#7
V V Shlomin, N Iu Grebenkina, P B Bondarenko, P D Puzdriak, S Ia Dorofeev, I A Piaterichenko, G A Vereshchako
Presented herein is a clinical case report concerning open surgical treatment of an arteriovenous fistula of the renal artery with a large venous aneurysm in the hilum of the right kidney and a giant cyst of the upper pole in a 28-year-old woman. The intraoperative findings revealed disunion of the arteriovenous fistula, followed by edge-to-edge suturing of the arterial defect. The venous aneurysm in the hilum of the right kidney was dissected and sutured by the edge-to-edge technique, with the additional varicose renal vein ligated...
2017: Angiologii︠a︡ i Sosudistai︠a︡ Khirurgii︠a︡, Angiology and Vascular Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28902822/assessing-the-effect-of-endoprosthetic-repair-of-the-thoracic-portion-on-aortic-remodelling-after-surgical-correction-for-debakey-type-i-dissection
#8
V V Bazylev, M G Shmatkov, D A Zakharov, Z A Morozov
OBJECTIVE: The purpose of the study was to evaluate the influence of endoprosthetic repair of the aortic thoracic portion on remodelling of the descending aorta in patients after the surgical stage of correction for DeBakey type I aortic dissection. PATIENTS AND METHODS: The authors retrospectively analysed a group of 12 patients (9 men and 3 women) subjected to endoprosthetic repair of the aortic thoracic portion after previously performed surgical correction of the ascending aorta and its braches...
2017: Angiologii︠a︡ i Sosudistai︠a︡ Khirurgii︠a︡, Angiology and Vascular Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28845945/-laparoscopic-antevasal-uretero-ureteral-anastomosis-for-treating-retrocaval-ureter
#9
B K Komyakov, B G Guliev, Sh N Idrisov, R G Shibliev
The article presents a case of laparoscopic antevasal correction of the retrocaval ureter in a 16 year old patient, who was admitted to the hospital with complaints of aching pain in the right lower back. His history was noteworthy of early age onset of intermittent fever accompanied by abdominal and lumbar pain. Blood count and urinalysis were within normal limits, and he was treated symptomatically. However, no renal ultrasound scan was done. Intravenous urography and MSCT showed a retrocaval ureter. The diagnosis was confirmed by retrograde ureteropyelography...
July 2017: Urologii︠a︡
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28845941/-ultrasound-guided-percutaneous-cryoablation-of-renal-tumors
#10
D V Enikeev, P V Glybochko, Yu G Alyaev, L M Rapoport, A V Amosov, T M Alekseeva, M E Enikeev, D G Tsarichenko, D V Chinenov, L D Kozmin, Z K Dzhalaev, M S Taratkin
INTRODUCTION: Surgery remains the gold-standard curative treatment for localized (T1) renal carcinoma. However, recent medical-technological advances have led to the development of new minimally invasive treatment options, one of which is percutaneous cryoablation. AIM: To assess the effectiveness and safety of ultrasound-guided percutaneous cryoablation of renal tumors. MATERIALS AND METHODS: The study comprised 12 patients aged 52 to 76 years who underwent ultrasound-guided percutaneous cryoablation of renal tumors from 2015 to 2017...
July 2017: Urologii︠a︡
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28834965/response-evaluation-of-malignant-liver-lesions-after-tace-sirt-comparison-of-manual-and-semi-automatic-measurement-of-different-response-criteria-in-multislice-ct
#11
Anna Janina Höink, Christoph Schülke, Raphael Koch, Annika Löhnert, Sara Kammerer, Rasmus Fortkamp, Walter Heindel, Boris Buerke
Purpose To compare measurement precision and interobserver variability in the evaluation of hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC) and liver metastases in MSCT before and after transarterial local ablative therapies. Materials and Methods Retrospective study of 72 patients with malignant liver lesions (42 metastases; 30 HCCs) before and after therapy (43 SIRT procedures; 29 TACE procedures). Established (LAD; SAD; WHO) and vitality-based parameters (mRECIST; mLAD; mSAD; EASL) were assessed manually and semi-automatically by two readers...
August 23, 2017: RöFo: Fortschritte Auf Dem Gebiete der Röntgenstrahlen und der Nuklearmedizin
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28828519/does-formalin-fixation-influence-msct-cbct-accuracy
#12
Anna Seidel, Bastian Bergauer, Michael Lell, Thomas Buder, Cornelius von Wilmowsky, Eva Dach, Manfred Wichmann, Ragai-Edward Matta
PURPOSE: Advanced imaging modalities, such as multi-slice computed tomography (MSCT) and cone beam computed tomography (CBCT), greatly facilitate diagnostic medicine. In radiological research, it is important to know how accurately a scanned object is visualized, and whether the methodology leads to image distortion. The objective of this study was to evaluate whether formalin fixation impacted the accuracy of virtual 3D bone models generated via CBCT and MSCT using a software-based evaluation method that excluded human measurement errors...
August 21, 2017: Surgical and Radiologic Anatomy: SRA
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28828343/the-value-of-multi-slice-computed-tomography-compared-to-conventional-coronary-angiography-for-detecting-in-stent-restenosis
#13
Mehdi Karami, Amirreza Sajjadieh, Ahmad Moradi, Akbar Taleb, Sareh Brumand
BACKGROUND: Diagnostic value of multi-slice computed tomography (MSCT) for detecting in-stent restenosis in comparison with conventional coronary angiography remained uncertain. The present study aimed to determine the value of MSCT for detecting in-stent restenosis. MATERIALS AND METHODS: This historical cohort study was included 226 patients with the history of percutaneous coronary intervention from 2000 to 2014 that referred to MSCT Unit at Alzahra Heart Center in Isfahan...
2017: Advanced Biomedical Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28791822/a-coronary-proatherosclerotic-marker-pregnancy-associated-plasma-protein-a-and-its-association-with-coronary-calcium-score-and-carotid-intima-media-thickness
#14
Abdullah Guven, Bora Demircelik, Ozgul Malcok Gurel, Okan Er, Halil Ibrahim Aydin, Alper Bozkurt
BACKGROUND: Atherosclerosis, a chronic inflammatory disorder of the arteries, is responsible for the greatest number of deaths in westernized societies, with numbers increasing at a marked rate in developing countries. Coronary calcium score (CCS), carotid intima-media thickness (CIMT) and pregnancy-associated plasma protein A (PAPP-A) are predictors for the development of atherosclerosis. OBJECTIVES: This study was aimed to investigate the relationship between CCS, CIMT and PAPP-A for earlier diagnosis of atherosclerosis...
May 2017: Advances in Clinical and Experimental Medicine: Official Organ Wroclaw Medical University
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28766361/annals-express-diagnostic-specificity-and-sensitivity-of-pivkaii-gp3-cstb-scca1-and-hgf-for-diagnosis-of-hepatocellular-carcinoma-in-patients-with-alcoholic-liver-cirrhosis
#15
Adriana Unic, Lovorka Derek, Marko Duvnjak, Leonardo Patrlj, Mislav Rakic, Milan Kujundzic, Vesna Renjic, Nikola Stokovic, Petra Dinjar, Anita Jukic, Ivica Grgurevic
INTRODUCTION: Despite of some new treatment possibilities the improvement in survival rate for hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC) patients is still poor due to late diagnosis. The aim of this study was to investigate diagnostic sensitivity and specificity of Protein induced by vitamin K absence or antagonist-II (PIVKAII), Glypican-3 (GP3), Cystatin B (CSTB), Squamous cell carcinoma antigen 1 (SCCA1) and Hepatocyte growth factor (HGF) as potential tumour markers for HCC in patients with alcoholic liver cirrhosis (ALC) using imaging techniques (MSCT and MRI) as reference standards...
January 1, 2017: Annals of Clinical Biochemistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28761682/a-comparative-study-of-different-imaging-modalities-for-successful-percutaneous-left-atrial-appendage-closure
#16
Danny Hf Chow, Gintautas Bieliauskas, Fadi J Sawaya, Oscar Millan-Iturbe, Klaus F Kofoed, Lars Søndergaard, Ole De Backer
OBJECTIVES: Accurate sizing of the left atrial appendage (LAA) is essential when performing percutaneous LAA closure. This study aimed to compare different LAA imaging modalities and sizing methods in order to obtain successful LAA closure. BACKGROUND: Percutaneous LAA closure is an increasingly used treatment strategy to prevent stroke in patients with atrial fibrillation. LAA sizing has typically been done by 2D-transoesophageal echocardiography (TEE). METHODS: Patients who had a preprocedural TEE and preprocedural and postprocedural multislice CT (MSCT) were identified...
2017: Open Heart
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28755405/serum-ifn-%C3%AE-predicts-the-therapeutic-effect-of-mesenchymal-stem-cells-transplantation-in-systemic-lupus-erythematosus-patients
#17
Dandan Wang, Shiying Wang, Saisai Huang, Zhuoya Zhang, Xinran Yuan, Xuebing Feng, Liwei Lu, Lingyun Sun
Umbilical cord (UC)-derived mesenchymal stem cells (MSCs) show immunoregulatory properties on various immune cells and display therapeutic effects on various autoimmune diseases such as systemic lupus erythematosus (SLE). The aim of this study was to investigate the effect of the SLE environment on UC MSCs and to identify a potential serum biomarker to predict the therapeutic effect. UC MSCs were cocultured with peripheral blood mononuclear cells (PBMCs) from active lupus patients, and the proliferation, apoptosis and surface markers of UC MSCs were observed...
September 2017: Stem Cells Translational Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28724445/sustained-benefit-from-combined-plasmapheresis-and-allogeneic-mesenchymal-stem-cells-transplantation-therapy-in-systemic-sclerosis
#18
Huayong Zhang, Jun Liang, Xiaojun Tang, Dandan Wang, Xuebing Feng, Fan Wang, Bingzhu Hua, Hong Wang, Lingyun Sun
BACKGROUND: Systemic sclerosis (SSc) is an autoimmune disease involving the skin and several internal organs. Most therapies available for this disease are symptomatic. Given the difficulty in treating SSc, we conducted this study to investigate the effect of combined plasmapheresis (PE) and allogeneic mesenchymal stem cells transplantation (MSCT) therapy on SSc. METHODS: Fourteen patients underwent three repeated PE treatments with subsequent pulse cyclophosphamide on days 1, 3 and 5...
July 19, 2017: Arthritis Research & Therapy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28715364/accuracy-of-multi-slice-spiral-computed-tomography-for-preoperative-tumor-node-metastasis-tnm-staging-of-colorectal-carcinoma
#19
Rong-Jie Bai, Shao-Hua Ren, Hui-Jie Jiang, Jin-Ping Li, Xiao-Cheng Liu, Li-Ming Xue
BACKGROUND With the advances in imaging technologies, multi-slice spiral computed tomography (MSCT) has demonstrated superiority in the diagnosis and staging of colorectal carcinoma. In the current study, preoperative TNM staging of colorectal carcinoma by using MSCT was conducted and compared with the corresponding postoperative pathological examination findings, in order to evaluate the accuracy of preoperative MSCT for TNM staging. MATERIAL AND METHODS Combinations of biphasic or triphasic enhanced-phase MSCT scans were obtained for 76 patients with colorectal carcinoma, and the TNM stage was determined based on imaging reconstruction from various angles and perspectives to display the size, location, and affected range of tumors...
July 17, 2017: Medical Science Monitor: International Medical Journal of Experimental and Clinical Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28708129/validation-of-a-novel-imaging-approach-using-multi-slice-ct-and-cone-beam-ct-to-follow-up-on-condylar-remodeling-after-bimaxillary-surgery
#20
Laura Ferreira Pinheiro Nicolielo, Jeroen Van Dessel, Eman Shaheen, Carolina Letelier, Marina Codari, Constantinus Politis, Ivo Lambrichts, Reinhilde Jacobs
The main goal of this study was to introduce a novel three-dimensional procedure to objectively quantify both inner and outer condylar remodelling on preoperative multi-slice computed tomography (MSCT) and postoperative cone-beam computed tomography (CBCT) images. Second, the reliability and accuracy of this condylar volume quantification method was assessed. The mandibles of 20 patients (11 female and 9 male) who underwent bimaxillary surgery were semi-automatically extracted from MSCT/CBCT scans and rendered in 3D...
July 14, 2017: International Journal of Oral Science
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