Read by QxMD icon Read

MnO nanoparticle

Xiaoxin Yang, Li Zhao, Luyi Zheng, Meiyun Xu, Xiulan Cai
An efficient surface engineering strategy for MnO nanoparticles was developed to attain enhanced colloidal stability, selective uptake by and toxicity to specific cancer cells. Specifically, MnO nanoclusters prepared by polyol method were grafted with polyglycerol (MnO-PG), and then conjugated with arginine-glycine-aspartate peptide (MnO-PG-RGD) through stepwise organic reactions. The physicochemical properties of the surface engineered MnO nanoclusters were characterized by powder X-ray diffraction, Fourier transform infrared spectroscopy, thermogravimetric analysis, dynamic light scattering, zeta potential, transmission electron microscopy and high-resolution transmission electron microscopy...
December 20, 2017: Colloids and Surfaces. B, Biointerfaces
Hang Wei, Zhonghong Xia, Dingguo Xia
The exploration of anode material of lithium-ion batteries (LIBs) is still a great challenge because of its low electrical conductivity and poor durability. Transition metal oxide is proposed as a potential alternative, while the dimension and structure greatly affect its electrochemical properties. In this study, MnO/Mn2SiO4@C cuboid was prepared via polymerization-pyrolysis process. Larger MnCO3 precursor particles melted into monolithic carbon framework and formed smaller nanoparticles due to the inducing effect of Si element in phthalocyanino silicon (SiPc), thus the MnO/Mn2SiO4@C cuboids were obtained...
December 1, 2017: ACS Applied Materials & Interfaces
Alexander Omelyanchik, Gurvinder Singh, B H McDonagh, Valeria Rodionova, Dino Fiorani, Davide Peddis, Sara Laureti
Manganese oxide nanoparticles (MNOPs), when dispersed in a water solution, show a magnetic behavior that drastically changes after an aging process. In this paper, the variation in the magnetic properties has been correlated with the structural evolution of the nanoparticles: in particular, the as prepared Mn3O4/MnO core/shell system manifests a low temperature magnetization reversal that is strongly affected by the presence of the MnO shell and, in particular, by the existence of a frustrated interfacial region playing a key role in determining the low temperature irreversibility, the finite coercivity slightly above the Curie temperature of the Mn3O4 phase and the horizontal displacement of the FC-hysteresis loop...
November 30, 2017: Nanotechnology
Jingjing Li, Chen Wu, Pingfu Hou, Min Zhang, Kai Xu
Magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) contrast agents have become a necessary part for clinical practice to improve the sensitivity for the diagnosis of small lesions and injuries. Among them, manganese oxide nanoparticle (MnO NPs)-based MRI contrast agent attracts more and more attention because of their better performance in the detection of brain disease and positive enhancement in T1-weighted image. However, the relatively low r1 relaxivity and complex synthetic route hampered their wider applications. In this work, we proposed a one-pot approach to prepare hydrophilic MnO NPs via a polyol-like method with poly (ethylene glycol) (PEG) as both a solvent and surfactant...
October 27, 2017: Biosensors & Bioelectronics
Alexander Ottmann, Maik Scholz, Marcel Haft, Elisa Thauer, Philip Schneider, Markus Gellesch, Christian Nowka, Sabine Wurmehl, Silke Hampel, Rüdiger Klingeler
The ferrimagnetic and high-capacity electrode material Mn3O4 is encapsulated inside multi-walled carbon nanotubes (CNT). We show that the rigid hollow cavities of the CNT enforce size-controlled nanoparticles which are electrochemically active inside the CNT. The ferrimagnetic Mn3O4 filling is switched by electrochemical conversion reaction to antiferromagnetic MnO. The conversion reaction is further exploited for electrochemical energy storage. Our studies confirm that the theoretical reversible capacity of the Mn3O4 filling is fully accessible...
October 19, 2017: Scientific Reports
Yanzhen He, Ping Xu, Bin Zhang, Yunchen Du, Bo Song, Xijiang Han, Huisheng Peng
Sodium ion batteries (SIBs) have attracted increasing attentions as promising alternatives to lithium ion batteries (LIBs). Herein, we design and synthesize ultrasmall MnO nanoparticles (∼4 nm) supported on nitrogen-doped carbon nanotubes (NDCT@MnO) as promising anode materials of SIBs. It is revealed that the carbonization temperature can greatly influence the structural features and thus the Na-storage behavior of the NDCT@MnO nanocomposites. The synergetic interaction between MnO and NDCT in the NDCT@MnO nanocomposites provides high rate capability and long-term cycling life due to high surface area, electrical conductivity, enhanced diffusion rate of Na(+) ions, and prevented agglomeration and high stability of MnO nanoparticles...
November 8, 2017: ACS Applied Materials & Interfaces
Niloufar Eskandarpour, Hassan Sereshti
The nanofibrous polycaprolactam (polyamide 6 (PA6)) incorporated with manganese oxide (MnO) nanoparticles was fabricated by electrospinning and used as a new fiber coating for headspace-solid phase microextraction (HS-SPME) of the selected phthalate esters (PEs) in water samples prior to GC-μECD. The adsorbent was fully characterized using scanning electron microscopy (SEM), Fourier transform-infrared (FT-IR) spectroscopy and thermogravimetric analysis (TGA). The main parameters that affect the HS-SPME efficiency such as extraction temperature, ionic strength, extraction and desorption times were investigated...
October 5, 2017: Chemosphere
Xiaoyan Jin, Joohyun Lim, Yoonhoo Ha, Nam Hee Kwon, Hyeyoung Shin, In Young Kim, Nam-Suk Lee, Myung Hwa Kim, Hyungjun Kim, Seong-Ju Hwang
The effect of the catalyst morphology on the growth of carbon nanotubes (CNT) on nanostructured transition metal oxides was investigated to study a novel low-temperature synthetic route to functional CNT-transition metal oxide nanocomposites. Among several nanostructured manganese oxides with various morphologies and structures, only exfoliated 2D nanosheets of layered MnO2 acted as an effective catalyst for the chemical vapor deposition of CNT at low temperatures of 400-500 °C, which emphasizes the critical role of the catalyst morphology in CNT growth...
August 31, 2017: Nanoscale
Hendrik Antoni, Wei Xia, Justus Masa, Wolfgang Schuhmann, Martin Muhler
Manganese oxides are promising electrocatalysts for the oxygen evolution reaction due to their versatile redox properties. Manganese oxide (MnOx) nanoparticles were synthesized on oxygen- and nitrogen-functionalized carbon nanotubes (OCNTs and NCNTs) by calcination in air of Mn-impregnated CNTs with a loading of 10 wt% Mn. The calcined samples were exposed to reducing conditions by thermal treatment in H2 or NH3, and to strongly oxidizing conditions using HNO3 vapor, which enabled us to flexibly tune the oxidation state of Mn from 2+ in MnO to 4+ in MnO2...
July 5, 2017: Physical Chemistry Chemical Physics: PCCP
Dipyaman Mohanta, Koushik Barman, Sk Jasimuddin, Md Ahmaruzzaman
Semiconducting nanomaterials are very important by means of their stability and wide band gap tunability. Visible light induced photoelectrocatalytic water oxidation based on these material are challenging as they have large band gap energies. Herein, we report that MnO doping can activate wide band gap semiconductors like SnO2 towards visible light induced water oxidation. Rutile SnO2 nanoparticles (band gap 3.6eV), usually absorbing at UV region, was capable of harvesting visible light when doped with MnO thereby minimizing the energy requirement for photoelctrocatalytic water splitting...
November 1, 2017: Journal of Colloid and Interface Science
Burçak Ebin, Martina Petranikova, Britt-Marie Steenari, Christian Ekberg
Zinc (Zn) recovery from alkaline and zinc-carbon (Zn-C) battery waste were studied by a laboratory scale pyrolysis process at a reaction temperature of 950°C for 15-60min residence time using 5%H2(g)-N2(g) mixture at 1.0L/min gas flow rate. The effect of different cooling rates on the properties of pyrolysis residue, manganese oxide particles, were also investigated. Morphological and structural characterization of the produced Zn particles were performed. The battery black mass was characterized with respect to the properties and chemical composition of the waste battery particles...
June 21, 2017: Waste Management
Lina Sanchez-Botero, Adriana P Herrera, Juan P Hinestroza
We report on the synthesis of alpha manganese dioxide (α-MnO₂) nanorods using natural extracts from Vitis vinifera grape stems and Malus domestica 'Cortland' apple peels. We used a two-step method to produce highly crystalline α-MnO₂ nanorods: (1) reduction of KMnO₄ in the presence of natural extracts to initiate the nucleation process; and (2) a thermal treatment to enable further solid-state growth of the nuclei. Transmission electron microscopy (TEM) and field emission scanning electron microscopy (FESEM) images provided direct evidence of the morphology of the nanorods and these images were used to propose nucleation and growth mechanisms...
May 22, 2017: Nanomaterials
Wei Zhang, Jiannian Li, Jie Zhang, Jinzhi Sheng, Ting He, Meiyue Tian, Yufeng Zhao, Changjun Xie, Liqiang Mai, Shichun Mu
To overcome inferior rate capability and cycle stability of MnO-based materials as a lithium-ion battery anode associated with the pulverization and gradual aggregation during the conversion process, we constructed robust mesoporous N-doped carbon (N-C) protected MnO nanoparticles on reduced graphene oxide (rGO) (MnO@N-C/rGO) by a simple top-down incorporation strategy. Such dual carbon protection endows MnO@N-C/rGO with excellent structural stability and enhanced charge transfer kinetics. At 100 mA g(-1), it exhibits superior rate capability as high as 864...
March 31, 2017: ACS Applied Materials & Interfaces
Sajad Yazdani, Raana Kashfi-Sadabad, Alessandro Palmieri, William E Mustain, Michael Thompson Pettes
MnO is an electrically insulating material which limits its usefulness in lithium ion batteries. We demonstrate that the electrochemical performance of MnO can be greatly improved by using oxygen-functional groups created on the outer walls of multiwalled carbon nanotubes (MWCNTs) as nucleation sites for metal oxide nanoparticles. Based on the mass of the active material used in the preparation of electrodes, the composite conversion-reaction anode material Mn1-x Co x O/MWCNT with x = 0.2 exhibited the highest reversible specific capacity, 790 and 553 mAhg(-1) at current densities of 40 and 1600 mAg(-1), respectively...
April 18, 2017: Nanotechnology
Tyler E Stevens, Charles J Pearce, Caleah N Whitten, Richard P Grant, Todd C Monson
Many challenges must be overcome in order to create reliable electrochemical energy storage devices with not only high energy but also high power densities. Gaps exist in both battery and supercapacitor technologies, with neither one satisfying the need for both large power and energy densities in a single device. To begin addressing these challenges (and others), we report a process to create a self-assembled array of electrochemically active nanoparticles bound directly to a current collector using extremely short (2 nm or less) conductive tethers...
March 13, 2017: Scientific Reports
David McNulty, Hugh Geaney, Colm O'Dwyer
We present the formation of a carbon-coated honeycomb ternary Ni-Mn-Co-O inverse opal as a conversion mode anode material for Li-ion battery applications. In order to obtain high capacity via conversion mode reactions, a single phase crystalline honeycombed IO structure of Ni-Mn-Co-O material was first formed. This Ni-Mn-Co-O IO converts via reversible redox reactions and Li2O formation to a 3D structured matrix assembly of nanoparticles of three (MnO, CoO and NiO) oxides, that facilitates efficient reactions with Li...
February 10, 2017: Scientific Reports
Kyoungsuk Jin, Hongmin Seo, Toru Hayashi, Mani Balamurugan, Donghyuk Jeong, Yoo Kyung Go, Jung Sug Hong, Kang Hee Cho, Hirotaka Kakizaki, Nadège Bonnet-Mercier, Min Gyu Kim, Sun Hee Kim, Ryuhei Nakamura, Ki Tae Nam
The development of active water oxidation catalysts is critical to achieve high efficiency in overall water splitting. Recently, sub-10 nm-sized monodispersed partially oxidized manganese oxide nanoparticles were shown to exhibit not only superior catalytic performance for oxygen evolution, but also unique electrokinetics, as compared to their bulk counterparts. In the present work, the water-oxidizing mechanism of partially oxidized MnO nanoparticles was investigated using integrated in situ spectroscopic and electrokinetic analyses...
February 1, 2017: Journal of the American Chemical Society
Fei Cheng, Wen-Cui Li, An-Hui Lu
Numerous natural resources have a highly interconnected network with developed porous structure, so enabling directional and fast matrix transport. Such structures are appealing for the design of efficient anode materials for lithium-ion batteries, although they can be challenging to prepare. Inspired by nature, a novel synthesis route from biomass is proposed by using readily available auricularia as retractable support and carbon coating precursor to soak up metal salt solution. Using the swelling properties of the auricularia with the complexation of metal ions, a nitrogen-containing MnO@C nanoflake network has been easily synthesized with fast electrochemical reaction dynamics and a superior lithium storage performance...
October 6, 2016: ACS Applied Materials & Interfaces
Ming Zhong, Donghui Yang, Chenchao Xie, Zhang Zhang, Zhen Zhou, Xian-He Bu
Manganese oxides (MnOx ) are promising anode materials for lithium ion batteries, but they generally exhibit mediocre performances due to intrinsic low ionic conductivity, high polarization, and poor stability. Herein, yolk-shell nanorods comprising of nitrogen-doped carbon (N-C) coating on manganese monoxide (MnO) coupled with zinc manganate (ZnMn2 O4 ) nanoparticles are manufactured via one-step carbonization of α-MnO2 /ZIF-8 precursors. When evaluated as anodes for lithium ion batteries, MnO@ZnMn2 O4 /N-C exhibits an reversible capacity of 803 mAh g(-1) at 50 mA g(-1) after 100 cycles, excellent cyclability with a capacity of 595 mAh g(-1) at 1000 mAg(-1) after 200 cycles, as well as better rate capability compared with those non-N-C shelled manganese oxides (MnOx )...
October 2016: Small
Shaojun Ma, Dongming Chen, Wen-Lou Wang
Nano-sized MnO intimately embedded in a porous carbon matrix has been synthesized by a facile method in which the manganese-salts/glycerol sol was used as the precursor. The glycerol plays roles of the chelating agent, the carbon source and the solvent. The X-ray diffraction (XRD) and Raman results indicate that the carbon layer may have an obvious effect on the microstructure of MnO. The first-principles density functional theory (DFT) calculations further reveal a considerable charge transfer from MnO to the carbon, leading to a decrease of lattice parameters of MnO and the bond length of Mn-O in the MnO/C composite...
July 28, 2016: Physical Chemistry Chemical Physics: PCCP
Fetch more papers »
Fetching more papers... Fetching...
Read by QxMD. Sign in or create an account to discover new knowledge that matter to you.
Remove bar
Read by QxMD icon Read

Search Tips

Use Boolean operators: AND/OR

diabetic AND foot
diabetes OR diabetic

Exclude a word using the 'minus' sign

Virchow -triad

Use Parentheses

water AND (cup OR glass)

Add an asterisk (*) at end of a word to include word stems

Neuro* will search for Neurology, Neuroscientist, Neurological, and so on

Use quotes to search for an exact phrase

"primary prevention of cancer"
(heart or cardiac or cardio*) AND arrest -"American Heart Association"