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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29149736/graphene-oxide-reinforced-ionic-liquid-functionalized-adsorbent-for-solid-phase-extraction-of-phenolic-acids
#1
Xiudan Hou, Xiaofeng Lu, Sheng Tang, Licheng Wang, Yong Guo
An environmental friendly sorbent of polymeric ionic liquids modified graphene oxide-grafted silica (PILs@GO@Sil) was synthesized for solid-phase extraction (SPE) of phenolic acids. The sorbent was prepared via a chemical layer-to-layer fabrication including amidation reaction, surface radical chain-transfer polymerization and in situ anion exchange. After modification with PILs, the silica surface had higher positive potential so that it would exhibit stronger electrostatic interaction for acidic compounds compared with GO@Sil...
November 12, 2017: Journal of Chromatography. B, Analytical Technologies in the Biomedical and Life Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29149719/tissue-specific-bioaccumulation-of-long-chain-perfluorinated-carboxylic-acids-and-halogenated-methylbipyrroles-in-dall-s-porpoises-phocoenoides-dalli-and-harbor-porpoises-phocoena-phocoena-stranded-in-northern-japan
#2
Yukiko Fujii, Yoshihisa Kato, Kentarou Sakamoto, Takashi Matsuishi, Harada H Kouji, Akio Koizumi, Osamu Kimura, Tetsuya Endo, Koichi Haraguchi
This study investigated accumulation of perfluoroalkyl substances (PFASs), persistent organochlorines (OCs), and naturally produced halogenated compounds (NHCs), including brominated methylbipyrroles and methoxylated bromodiphenyl ethers, in liver, blood, and blubber from Dall's porpoises (Phocoenoides dalli) and harbor porpoises (Phocoena phocoena) stranded in Hokkaido, northern Japan. Profiles of the PFASs were dominated by perfluoroundecanoic acid and perfluorotridecanoic acid, both of which accounted for 70% of the total measured PFAS concentrations in both porpoise species...
November 14, 2017: Science of the Total Environment
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29149347/signal-recognition-particle-binds-to-translating-ribosomes-before-emergence-of-a-signal-anchor-sequence
#3
Evan Mercier, Wolf Holtkamp, Marina V Rodnina, Wolfgang Wintermeyer
The bacterial signal recognition particle (SRP) is part of the machinery that targets ribosomes synthesizing membrane proteins to membrane-embedded translocons co-translationally. Recognition of nascent membrane proteins occurs by virtue of a hydrophobic signal-anchor sequence (SAS) contained in the nascent chain, usually at the N terminus. Here we use fluorescence-based stopped-flow to monitor SRP-ribosome interactions with actively translating ribosomes while an SRP substrate is synthesized and emerges from the peptide exit tunnel...
November 16, 2017: Nucleic Acids Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29148796/layer-by-layer-self-assembly-of-polyelectrolytic-block-copolymer-worms-on-a-planar-substrate
#4
Nicholas Penfold, Andrew J Parnell, Marta Molina, Pierre Verstraete, Johan Smets, Steven P Armes
Cationic and anionic block copolymer worms are prepared by polymerization-induced self-assembly (PISA) via reversible addition-fragmentation chain transfer (RAFT) aqueous dispersion copolymerization of 2-hydroxypropyl methacrylate (HPMA) and glycidyl methacrylate (GlyMA), using a binary mixture of a non-ionic poly(ethylene oxide) (PEO) macromolecular RAFT agent and either a cationic poly([2-(methacryloyloxy)ethyl] trimethylammonium chloride) (PQDMA) or an anionic poly(potassium 3-sulfopropyl methacrylate) (PKSPMA) macromolecular RAFT agent...
November 17, 2017: Langmuir: the ACS Journal of Surfaces and Colloids
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29147547/multi-dimensional-charge-transport-in-supramolecular-helical-foldamer-assemblies
#5
Alejandro Méndez-Ardoy, Nagula Markandeya, Xuesong Li, Yu-Tang Tsai, Gilles Pecastaings, Thierry Buffeteau, Victor Maurizot, Luca Muccioli, Frédéric Castet, Ivan Huc, Dario M Bassani
Aromatic foldamers are bioinspired architectures whose potential use in materials remains largely unexplored. Here we report our investigation of vertical and horizontal charge transport over long distances in helical oligo-quinolinecarboxamide foldamers organized as single monolayers on Au or SiO2. Conductive atomic force microscopy showed that vertical conductivity is efficient and that it displays a low attenuation with foldamer length (0.06 Å(-1)). In contrast, horizontal charge transport is found to be negligible, demonstrating the strong anisotropy of foldamer monolayers...
October 1, 2017: Chemical Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29146980/the-energy-cost-of-polypeptide-knot-formation-and-its-folding-consequences
#6
Andrés Bustamante, Juan Sotelo-Campos, Daniel G Guerra, Martin Floor, Christian M A Wilson, Carlos Bustamante, Mauricio Báez
Knots are natural topologies of chains. Yet, little is known about spontaneous knot formation in a polypeptide chain-an event that can potentially impair its folding-and about the effect of a knot on the stability and folding kinetics of a protein. Here we used optical tweezers to show that the free energy cost to form a trefoil knot in the denatured state of a polypeptide chain of 120 residues is 5.8 ± 1 kcal mol(-1). Monte Carlo dynamics of random chains predict this value, indicating that the free energy cost of knot formation is of entropic origin...
November 17, 2017: Nature Communications
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29141117/tunable-energy-landscapes-to-control-pathway-complexity-in-self-assembled-n-heterotriangulenes-living-and-seeded-supramolecular-polymerization
#7
Jorge S Valera, Rafael Gómez, Luis Sánchez
Herein, the synthesis and self-assembling features of N-heterotriangulenes 1-3 decorated in their periphery with 3,4,5-trialkoxy-N-(alkoxy)benzamide moieties that enable kinetic control of the supramolecular polymerization process are described. The selection of an appropriate solvent results in a tunable energy landscape in which the relative energy of the different monomeric or aggregated species can be regulated. Thus, in a methylcyclohexane/toluene (MCH/Tol) mixture, intramolecular hydrogen-bonding interactions in the peripheral side units favor the formation of metastable inactivated monomers that evolve with time at precise conditions of concentration and temperature...
November 15, 2017: Small
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29140164/second-order-kinetics-of-dtpa-and-plutonium-in-rat-plasma
#8
Guthrie Miller, Deepesh Poudel, John A Klumpp, Raymond A Guilmette, Dunstana Melo
In 2008, Serandour et al. reported on their in vitro experiment involving rat plasma samples obtained after an intravenous intake of plutonium citrate. Different amounts of DTPA were added to the plasma samples and the percentage of low-molecular-weight plutonium measured. Only when the DTPA dosage was three orders of magnitude greater than the recommended 30 μmol/kg was 100% of the plutonium apparently in the form of chelate. These data were modeled assuming three competing chemical reactions with other molecules that bind with plutonium...
November 15, 2017: Radiation Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29135636/track-and-field-throwing-sports-injuries-and-prevention
#9
Adele Meron, Deborah Saint-Phard
Throwing events in track and field are among the oldest sporting events in recorded history and include shot put, discus, hammer, and javelin. All throwing athletes use the kinetic chain to transfer energy from the lower extremities, through the pelvis, trunk, shoulder, arm, wrist, hand, and finally into the implement to generate maximum force. Throughout this sequential activation, mobilization, and stabilization of body segments, there is opportunity for breakdown in the chain, which can lead to injury. This review describes the biomechanics and kinetic chain components of each event and highlights injuries common among all throwers as well as injuries unique to each event...
November 2017: Current Sports Medicine Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29133414/correlating-kinetic-and-structural-data-on-ubiquinone-binding-and-reduction-by-respiratory-complex-i
#10
Justin G Fedor, Andrew J Y Jones, Andrea Di Luca, Ville R I Kaila, Judy Hirst
Respiratory complex I (NADH:ubiquinone oxidoreductase), one of the largest membrane-bound enzymes in mammalian cells, powers ATP synthesis by using the energy from electron transfer from NADH to ubiquinone-10 to drive protons across the energy-transducing mitochondrial inner membrane. Ubiquinone-10 is extremely hydrophobic, but in complex I the binding site for its redox-active quinone headgroup is ∼20 Å above the membrane surface. Structural data suggest it accesses the site by a narrow channel, long enough to accommodate almost all of its ∼50-Å isoprenoid chain...
November 13, 2017: Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences of the United States of America
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29131957/excimer-formation-dynamics-of-dipyrenyldecane-in-structurally-different-ionic-liquids
#11
Anita Yadav, Siddharth Pandey
Ionic liquids, being composed of ions alone, may offer alternate pathways for molecular aggregation. These pathways could be controlled by the chemical structure of the cation and the anion of the ionic liquids. Intramolecular excimer formation dynamics of a bifluorophoric probe, 1,3-bis(1-pyrenyl)decane [1Py(10)1Py], where the fluorophoric pyrene moieties are separated by a long decyl chain, is investigated in seven different ionic liquids in 10 - 90 °C temperature range. The long alkyl separator allows for ample interaction with the solubilizing milieu prior to the formation of the excimer...
November 13, 2017: Journal of Physical Chemistry. B
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29131699/genotype-specific-minimal-residual-disease-interpretation-improves-stratification-in-pediatric-acute-lymphoblastic-leukemia
#12
David O'Connor, Amir Enshaei, Jack Bartram, Jeremy Hancock, Christine J Harrison, Rachael Hough, Sujith Samarasinghe, Claire Schwab, Ajay Vora, Rachel Wade, John Moppett, Anthony V Moorman, Nick Goulden
Purpose Minimal residual disease (MRD) and genetic abnormalities are important risk factors for outcome in acute lymphoblastic leukemia. Current risk algorithms dichotomize MRD data and do not assimilate genetics when assigning MRD risk, which reduces predictive accuracy. The aim of our study was to exploit the full power of MRD by examining it as a continuous variable and to integrate it with genetics. Patients and Methods We used a population-based cohort of 3,113 patients who were treated in UKALL2003, with a median follow-up of 7 years...
November 13, 2017: Journal of Clinical Oncology: Official Journal of the American Society of Clinical Oncology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29124653/salt-stress-effects-on-the-photosynthetic-electron-transport-chain-in-two-chickpea-lines-differing-in-their-salt-stress-tolerance
#13
Nuran Çiçek, Abdallah Oukarroum, Reto J Strasser, Gert Schansker
The main objective of this study was to evaluate the effects of salt stress on the photosynthetic electron transport chain using two chickpea lines (Cicer arietinum L.) differing in their salt stress tolerance at the germination stage (AKN 87 and AKN 290). Two weeks after sowing, seedlings were exposed to salt stress for 2 weeks and irrigated with 200 ml of 200 mM NaCl every 2 days. The polyphasic OJIP fluorescence transient and the 820-nm transmission kinetics (photosystem I) were used to evaluate the effects of salt stress on the functionality of the photosynthetic electron transport chain...
November 9, 2017: Photosynthesis Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29121615/restructuration-kinetics-of-amphiphilic-intraocular-lenses-during-aging
#14
Lionel Tortolano, Johanna Saunier, Senda Hammami, Katia Manerlax, Houssem Matmati, Bernard Do, Emile Jubeli, Elias Fattal, Najet Yagoubi
Photooxidation and hydrolysis are the two primary aging factors of intraocular lenses. Opacifications, dislocations, glistening and yellowing of the implanted acrylic lenses, which are due to chain scissions and depolymerization, are the consequences of aging from the clinical perspective. The purpose of this study was to examine the consequence of the aging of intraocular lenses on chemical and surface properties. Acrylic lenses made of poly acrylic-co-polystyrene polymer were artificially aged by photooxidation and hydrolysis from 2 to 20 years...
November 6, 2017: Colloids and Surfaces. B, Biointerfaces
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29121472/comparing-the-uv-monochloramine-and-uv-free-chlorine-advanced-oxidation-processes-aops-to-the-uv-hydrogen-peroxide-aop-under-scenarios-relevant-to-potable-reuse
#15
Yi-Hsueh Chuang, Serena Chen, Curtis Chinn, William A Mitch
Utilities incorporating the potable reuse of municipal wastewater are interested in converting from the UV/H2O2 to the UV/free chlorine advanced oxidation process (AOP). The AOP treatment of reverse osmosis (RO) permeate often includes the de facto UV/chloramine AOP because chloramines applied upstream permeate RO membranes. Models are needed that accurately predict oxidant photolysis and subsequent radical reactions. By combining radical scavengers and kinetic modeling, we have derived quantum yields for radical generation by the UV photolysis of HOCl, OCl-, and NH2Cl of 0...
November 9, 2017: Environmental Science & Technology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29119991/templated-self-assembly-of-one-dimensional-cspbx3-perovskite-nanocrystal-superlattices
#16
Aizhao Pan, Matthew Jurow, Yanrui Zhao, Fen Qiu, Ya Liu, Juan Yang, Jeffrey J Urban, Ling He, Yi Liu
Ordered self-assembled arrays or superstructures of nanocrystals (NCs) have attracted intense research interest due to their ability to translate valuable nanoscale properties to larger length scales. Numerous techniques have been explored to induce self-assembly into various superstructures. Here we investigated a simple kinetic approach to form self-assembled one-dimensional perovskite CsPbX3 (X: halides) nanocrystal arrays templated inside a pod shaped inert lead sulfate (PbSO4) scaffold. Both the solvent effects, and the self-assembly process and mechanism, are systematically studied based on a uniform procedure developed to generate CsPbX3 nanocrystal superlattices with different sizes and compositions...
November 9, 2017: Nanoscale
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29118720/altered-right-ventricular-mechanical-properties-are-afterload-dependent-in-a-rodent-model-of-bronchopulmonary-dysplasia
#17
Jitandrakumar R Patel, Gregory P Barton, Rudolf K Braun, Kara N Goss, Kristin Haraldsdottir, Alexandria Hopp, Gary Diffee, Timothy A Hacker, Richard L Moss, Marlowe W Eldridge
Infants born premature are at increased risk for development of bronchopulmonary dysplasia (BPD), pulmonary hypertension (PH), and ultimately right ventricular (RV) dysfunction, which together carry a high risk of neonatal mortality. However, the role alveolar simplification and abnormal pulmonary microvascular development in BPD affects RV contractile properties is unknown. We used a rat model of BPD to examine the effect of hyperoxia-induced PH on RV contractile properties. We measured in vivo RV pressure as well as passive force, maximum Ca(2+) activated force, calcium sensitivity of force (pCa50) and rate of force redevelopment (ktr) in RV skinned trabeculae isolated from hearts of 21-and 35-day old rats pre-exposed to 21% oxygen (normoxia) or 85% oxygen (hyperoxia) for 14 days after birth...
2017: Frontiers in Physiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29117702/charge-regularized-swelling-kinetics-of-polyelectrolyte-gels-elasticity-and-diffusion
#18
Swati Sen, Arindam Kundagrami
We apply a recently developed method [S. Sen and A. Kundagrami, J. Chem. Phys. 143, 224904 (2015)], using a phenomenological expression of osmotic stress, as a function of polymer and charge densities, hydrophobicity, and network elasticity for the swelling of spherical polyelectrolyte (PE) gels with fixed and variable charges in a salt-free solvent. This expression of stress is used in the equation of motion of swelling kinetics of spherical PE gels to numerically calculate the spatial profiles for the polymer and free ion densities at different time steps and the time evolution of the size of the gel...
November 7, 2017: Journal of Chemical Physics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29117478/design-synthesis-and-self-assembly-of-polymers-with-tailored-graft-distributions
#19
Alice B Chang, Tzu-Pin Lin, Niklas B Thompson, Shao-Xiong Luo, Allegra Lauren Liberman-Martin, Hsiang-Yun Chen, Byeongdu Lee, Robert H Grubbs
Grafting density and graft distribution impact the chain dimensions and physical properties of polymers. However, achieving precise control over these structural parameters presents long-standing synthetic challenges. In this report, we introduce a versatile strategy to synthesize polymers with tailored architectures via grafting-through ring-opening metathesis polymerization (ROMP). One-pot copolymerization of an ω-norbornenyl macromonomer and a discrete norbornenyl co-monomer (diluent) provides opportunities to control the backbone sequence and therefore the side chain distribution...
November 8, 2017: Journal of the American Chemical Society
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29116791/soluble-oligomeric-nucleants-simulations-of-chain-length-binding-strength-and-volume-fraction-effects
#20
Geoffrey G Poon, Tobias Lemke, Christine Peter, Valeria Molinero, Baron Peters
Recent theories and simulations suggest that molecular additives can bind to the surfaces of nuclei, lower the surface energy, and accelerate nucleation. Experiments have shown that oligomeric and polymeric additives can also modify nucleation rates of proteins, ice, and minerals; however, general design principles for oligomeric or polymeric promoters do not yet exist. Here we investigate oligomeric additives for which each segment of the oligomer can bind to surfaces of nuclei. We use semigrand canonical Monte Carlo simulations in a Potts lattice gas model to study the effects of oligomer chain length, volume fraction, and binding strength...
November 15, 2017: Journal of Physical Chemistry Letters
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