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researches on herbal medicinal plants

Meiyu Lin, Weidong Zhang, Juan Su
ETHNOPHARMACOLOGICAL RELEVANCE: The genus Bupleurum includes approximately 200 species that are widely distributed in the Northern Hemisphere, Eurasia and North Africa. Certain species of this genus have long been used as antiphlogistic, antipyretic and analgesic agents in traditional folk medicine. As described in the Chinese Pharmacopoeia, the roots of Bupleurum chinense DC. and B. scorzonerifolium Willd. are the herbal materials that compose Chaihu (Radix Bupleuri), a well-known TCM herb...
September 29, 2016: Journal of Ethnopharmacology
Weixi Liu, Hang Ma, Nicholas A DaSilva, Kenneth N Rose, Shelby L Johnson, Lu Zhang, Chunpeng Wan, Joel A Dain, Navindra P Seeram
Medicinal plants are promising candidates for Alzheimer's disease (AD) research but there is lack of systematic algorithms and procedures to guide their selection and evaluation. Herein, we developed a Neuroprotective Potential Algorithm (NPA) by evaluating twenty-three standardized and chemically characterized Ayurvedic medicinal plant extracts in a panel of bioassays targeting oxidative stress, carbonyl stress, protein glycation, amyloid beta (Aβ) fibrillation, acetylcholinesterase (AChE) inhibition, and neuroinflammation...
September 29, 2016: Neurochemistry International
Rakhi Chakraborty, Swarnendu Roy, Vivekananda Mandal
Darjeeling and Sikkim Himalayas, a part of Eastern Himalayan Hotspot, is characterized by its richness of plant diversity. Herbal medicine has been one of the most popular and reliable healing practices among the different ethnic groups of this region for ages. However, the lack of documentation practice by the traditional healers has led to obscurity regarding the efficacy of herbal medicine among the present generation, though they have to depend on the same quite often. Meanwhile, several reviews have attempted to document the plants used for the treatment of diabetes from this region, but interestingly, very few research works can be obtained regarding the characterization of antidiabetic properties of the plants of this region...
September 2016: Journal of Integrative Medicine
Maedeh Rezghi, Shirin Fahimi, Sara Zakerin
BACKGROUND: Alopecia areata (AA) is a common immune-mediated hair loss disorder. AA has a reported incidence of 0.1-0.2% with a lifetime risk of 1.7%. Histologically, AA is characterized by the accumulation of mononuclear cells around the bulb of the affected hair follicles. Corticosteroids are the most popular drugs for the treatment of this disease. Despite its high prevalence, currently available treatments are mostly unsatisfactory and inefficient for the more chronic and severe types of the AA...
May 2016: Iranian Journal of Medical Sciences
Sahar Dehdari, Homa Hajimehdipoor
BACKGROUND: Leucorrhea or vaginal discharge is a conventional complaint. It is generally whitish, yellowish, or greenish vaginal discharge in females that might be normal or a symptom of infection. It is almost mucus discharge, which exhibit exfoliation of vaginal epithelial cells due to estrogen influence on the vaginal mucosa. It is important to identify the differences between physiologic and pathologic discharges. Leucorrhea is a well-known disease in Iranian traditional medicine (ITM)...
May 2016: Iranian Journal of Medical Sciences
Rahil Ghanavati, Foroogh Namjoyan, Hosein Rezaee Zadeh
BACKGROUND: Multiple sclerosis (MS) is a chronic inflammatory disease of central nervous system (CNS) and is the most common cause of neurologic disability in young adults (20-40 years old). About 2.5 million patients all over the world are suffering from MS. Common symptoms of the disease include sensory disorders, optic neuritis, and limb weakness. Following disease progression, other symptoms like fatigue, bladder disorders, and cognitive impairment also occur. Traditional Persian medicine (TPM) is an ancient medical system from 6000 years ago in Persia, where Iran was its most important state...
May 2016: Iranian Journal of Medical Sciences
Bruno Menale, Olga De Castro, Ciro Cascone, Rosa Muoio
ETHNOPHARMACOLOGICAL RELEVANCE: This paper illustrates the results of an ethnobotanical study carried out in the Vesuvio National Park (VNP) (Campania, Southern Italy). It describes the medicinal uses of the plants in an ancient area rich in ethnobiodiversity investigated for the first time. AIM FOR THE STUDY: The main aim of the study was to understand at what extent current knowledge on medicinal plant uses is still alive in VNP. MATERIALS AND METHODS: The informations were collected using semi-structured and unstructured interviews performed on 136 persons living in the investigated area from March to November 2014 and from April to October 2015...
November 4, 2016: Journal of Ethnopharmacology
Neeraj Tandon, Satyapal Singh Yadav
ETHNOPHARMACOLOGICAL RELEVANCE: Medicinal plants belong to the oldest known health care products that have been used by human beings all over the world and are major components of the formulations used in indigenous system of medicine practiced in many countries. Besides, finding place as health supplements, nutraceuticals, cosmetics, herbal tea etc. there has been a global insurgence of interest, including India, leading to enormous research / activities in the area of medicinal plants...
July 21, 2016: Journal of Ethnopharmacology
P O Staub, L Casu, M Leonti
BACKGROUND: De Materia Medica written by Pedanios Dioscorides (1 century CE) has shaped European and Mediterranean herbal medicine to a large extent. Despite its fundamental importance for modern medico-botanical traditions the content of this work has never been systematically assessed. PURPOSE: We present a quantitative survey of the botanical drugs described in De Materia Medica (ex Matthioli, 1568) and identify overall therapeutic, diachronic and botanical patterns...
September 15, 2016: Phytomedicine: International Journal of Phytotherapy and Phytopharmacology
Roger Tsobou, Pierre Marie Mapongmetsem, Patrick Van Damme
Medicinal Plants Used for Treating Reproductive Health Care Problems in Cameroon, Central Africa. Approximately 80% of the African population uses traditional plants to deal with health problems, basically because of their easy accessibility and affordability. This study was carried out to document indigenous knowledge of medicinal plants used by traditional healers and elders in the treatment of reproductive health care in the Bamboutos Division of the West Region in Cameroon, Central Africa. The research methods used included semi-structured interviews and participative field observations...
2016: Economic Botany
Lianghong Ni, Zhili Zhao, Hongxi Xu, Shilin Chen, Gaawe Dorje
The genus Gentiana is the largest in the Gentianaceae family with ca. 400 species. However, with most species growing on the Qinghai-Tibet plateau, the processes of adaptive evolution and speciation within the genus is not clear. Also, the genomic analyses could provide important information. So far, the complete chloroplast (cp) genome data of the genus are still deficient. As the second and third sequenced members within Gentianaceae, we report the construction of complete cp sequences of Gentiana robusta King ex Hook...
July 15, 2016: Current Genetics
Yogini Jaiswal, Zhitao Liang, Zhongzhen Zhao
ETHNOPHARMACOLOGICAL RELEVANCE: China and India have a long history in the therapeutic application of botanical drugs in traditional medicine. Traditional Chinese Medicine (TCM) and Ayurveda are considered as two of the most ancient systems of medicine, with history of more than two millennia. Medicinal plants are the principal medicinal materials used in both these systems. AIM OF THE REVIEW: This review discusses about the histories of Ayurveda and TCM, the common medicinal plants species, the drug processing strategies used, and the current statuses of these traditional systems of medicine (TSM)...
July 6, 2016: Journal of Ethnopharmacology
Hong-Dan Zhan, Hai-Yu Zhou, Yun-Peng Sui, Xin-Liang Du, Wei-Hao Wang, Li Dai, Feng Sui, Hai-Ru Huo, Ting-Liang Jiang
ETHNOPHARMACOLOGICAL RELEVANCE: Gastrodia elata Blume (Orchidaceae) is commonly called Tian ma in Chinese and mainly distributed in the mountainous areas of eastern Asia, such as China, Korea, Japan and India. It is an extensively used traditional Chinese herbal medicine in the clinical practice of traditional Chinese medicine, to treat headache, migraine, dizziness, epilepsy, infantile convulsion, tetany and so on. The present paper reviews the advancements in investigation of botany and ethnopharmacology, phytochemistry, pharmacology, toxicology and quality control of Gastrodia elata Blume...
August 2, 2016: Journal of Ethnopharmacology
Y Thandar, A Gray, J Botha, A Mosam
Despite the availability of medicines with proven efficacy, many patients use complementary or alternative medicines (CAMs) to manage atopic eczema (AE). Due to the lack of objective information on topical CAMs, this systematic review (SR) evaluates current evidence of efficacy and safety of topical herbal preparations in AE. Using Cochrane SR methodology, PubMed, Cochrane Library, the Cochrane Central Register of Controlled Trials (CENTRAL), CINAHL (via EBSCO), MEDLINE (via EBSCO), Proquest Health and Medical Complete, GREAT and CAM-QUEST were searched from inception until June 2014...
July 4, 2016: British Journal of Dermatology
Yajun Wang, Ye Shen, Zhuo Shen, Le Zhao, Deli Ning, Chao Jiang, Rong Zhao, Luqi Huang
Biotic and abiotic stresses can inhibit plant growth, resulting in losses of crop productivity. However, moderate adverse stress can promote the accumulation of valuable natural products in medicinal plants. Elucidating the underlying molecular mechanisms thus might help optimize the variety of available plant medicinal materials and improve their quality. In this study, Salvia miltiorrhiza hairy root cultures were employed as an in vitro model of the Chinese herb Danshen. A comparative proteomic analysis using 2-dimensional gel electrophoresis and MALDI-TOF-MS was performed...
October 2016: Plant Physiology and Biochemistry: PPB
Iwona Kołodziejska-Degórska
Village dwellers in Central Ukraine have access to various types of therapy that comprise diverse medical landscapes. Patients' movements within these landscapes are possible thanks to each person's web of relations. Medical landscapes are not fixed, but vary and dynamically change for each person, depending on their fluid and interchanging, hierarchical webs of mutual relations with other people, personal bodies, institutions, discourses, political powers, other non-human organisms, or objects such as medicines...
August 2016: Anthropology & Medicine
Mohammad Ahmed Khan, Ruhi Ali, Rabea Parveen, Abul Kalam Najmi, Sayeed Ahmad
ETHNOPHARMACOLOGICAL RELEVANCE: Increasing research on traditional herbal medicines and their phytoconstituents has recognized their usefulness in complementary as adjuvant to chemotherapy in various types of cancers. The oleo-gum resin of Boswellia serrata tree is one such folk medicine, which has been traditionally used for religious, cosmetic as well as medical purposes since ages. The oleo-gum resin of the plant has been used in traditional medicine to treat variety of conditions including inflammatory diseases like arthritis, asthma, chronic pain, bowel conditions and many other diseases...
September 15, 2016: Journal of Ethnopharmacology
Ruifeng Hu, Guomin Ren, Guibo Sun, Xiaobo Sun
BACKGROUND: Complex diseases seriously threaten human health. Drug discovery approaches based on "single genes, single drugs, and single targets" are limited in targeting complex diseases. The development of new multicomponent drugs for complex diseases is imperative, and the establishment of a suitable solution for drug group-target protein network analysis is a key scientific problem that must be addressed. Herbal medicines have formed the basis of sophisticated systems of traditional medicine and have given rise to some key drugs that remain in use today...
2016: PloS One
Ayda Hosseinkhani, Maryam Falahatzadeh, Elahe Raoofi, Mohammad M Zarshenas
Research on wound healing agents is a developing area in biomedical sciences. Traditional Persian medicine is one of holistic systems of medicine providing valuable information on natural remedies. To collect the evidences for wound-healing medicaments from traditional Persian medicine sources, 5 main pharmaceutical manuscripts in addition to related contemporary reports from Scopus, PubMed, and ScienceDirect were studied. The underlying mechanisms were also saved and discussed. Totally, 65 herbs used in traditional Persian medicine for their wound healing properties was identified...
June 20, 2016: Journal of Evidence-based Complementary & Alternative Medicine
Mohamed Thoufic Ali A M, Aakash Agrawal, S Sajitha Lulu, A Mohana Priya, S Vino
ETHNOPHARMACOLOGICAL RELEVANCE: In the past years, the treatment of rheumatoid arthritis (RA) has undergone remarkable changes in all therapeutic modes. The present newfangled care in clinical research is to determine and to pick a new track for better treatment options for RA. Recent ethnopharmacological investigations revealed that traditional herbal remedies are the most preferred modality of complementary and alternative medicine (CAM). However, several ayurvedic modes of treatments and formulations for RA are not much studied and documented from Indian traditional system of medicine...
June 18, 2016: Journal of Ethnopharmacology
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