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researches on herbal medicinal plants

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29341952/a-pharmacological-review-leptadenia-reticulata-wight-arn-jivanti-the-real-life-giving-plant
#1
Jayesh M Dhalani, Pankaj B Nariya
The present review reveals a comprehensive description of various pharmacological studies carried out on Leptadenia reticulata, a source of several active compounds, i.e. Leptadenia reticulata plant belonging to family Asclepiadaceae, it is also known as 'Jivanti', used for the treatment of various ailments in human civilization as well as used in folk medicine as a remedy in various reported herbal formulations. The plant has been found to exhibit diverse pharmacological activities like antibacterial activity, anticancer activity, lactogenic eff ect, antioxidant activity, anti-implantation activity, anti-asthmatic activity, modulating eff ect, activity of silver nano particles, hepatoprotective activity, antifungal activity, antidiabetic activity and anti-infl ammatory activity...
December 20, 2017: Folia Medica
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29336271/anti-inflammatory-drugs-and-herbs-with-special-emphasis-on-herbal-medicines-for-countering-inflammatory-diseases-and-disorders-a-review
#2
Mohd Iqbal Yatoo, Arumugam Gopalakrishnan, Archana Saxena, Oveas Rafiq Parray, Noore Alam Tufani, Sandip Chakraborty, Ruchi Tiwari, Kuldeep Dhama, Hafiz M N Iqbal
BACKGROUND: Diseases with inflammatory etiopathology have increased in incidence in recent times. Drugs used for therapeutic management of such inflammatory diseases are relieving the ailment but at the same time also countering serious life-threatening consequences. Moreover, they are costly and rarely available at all places. In this context, research and development on medicinal herbs have opened a new era in the prophylactic and therapeutic management of inflammatory diseases. OBJECTIVE: To highlight the importance of anti-inflammatory medicine-synthetic drugs and natural herbs, their constituents, mechanism of action, benefits, side effects and future prospects...
January 15, 2018: Recent Patents on Inflammation & Allergy Drug Discovery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29331903/rapid-structure-prediction-by-hplc-esi-msn-of-twenty-five-polyoxypregnane-tetraglycosides-from-dregea-sinensis-with-nmr-confirmation-of-eight-structures
#3
Juan Song, Rongji Dai, Yulin Deng, Fang Lv
Dregea sinensis Hemsl is an important herbal medicine in the Dai nationality of China. Its prominent clinical application has generated interest in the polyoxypregnane glycosides of the plant. This paper describes an extension of previous research on the polyoxypregnane di- and triglycosides of D. sinensis, aiming at identifying related tetraglycosides. On the basis of HPLC-ESI-MSn analysis in positive mode, twenty-five previously undescribed polyoxypregnane tetraglycosides were characterized (regarding molecular masses and fragmentation in MSn) from an ethyl acetate fraction that was not previously investigated...
January 11, 2018: Phytochemistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29324311/corilagin-a-promising-medicinal-herbal-agent
#4
REVIEW
Xuan Li, Yuan Deng, Zhizhong Zheng, Wen Huang, Lianghua Chen, Qingxuan Tong, Yanlin Ming
Corilagin, a gallotannin, is one of the major active components of many ethnopharmacological plants. It was isolated from Caesalpinia coriaria (Jacq.) Willd. (dividivi) by Schmidt in 1951 for the first time. In the past few decades, corilagin was reported to exhibit anti-tumor, anti-inflammatory and hepatoprotective activities, etc. However, little attention was paid to its pharmacological properties due to the complicated and inefficient extract method. In recent years, with the development of extraction technology corilagin was much easier to obtain than before...
January 8, 2018: Biomedicine & Pharmacotherapy, Biomédecine & Pharmacothérapie
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29321985/traditional-persian-medicine-and-management-of-metabolic-dysfunction-in-polycystic-ovary-syndrome
#5
REVIEW
Ayda Hosseinkhani, Nasrin Asadi, Mehdi Pasalar, Mohammad M Zarshenas
Polycystic ovary syndrome (PCOS) is a common endocrine disorder in women of reproductive age. Its cause is unknown and it remains the most enigmatic of reproductive disorders. The extant written documents of Traditional Persian Medicine (TPM) - with holistic approaches towards human health - contain remedies used for centuries. Before further experimental research on any of these treatments, it is appropriate to study current related scientific evidence on their possible pharmacological actions. This work aims to study PCOS and its treatments in TPM...
January 2018: Journal of Traditional and Complementary Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29287758/repellence-of-essential-oils-and-selected-compounds-against-ticks-a-systematic-review
#6
REVIEW
Giovanni Benelli, Roman Pavela
Ticks act as vectors of a wide range of infectious agents, far encompassing any other group of bloodsucking arthropods worldwide. The prevention of tick-borne diseases is strictly linked to the successful management of tick vector populations. The employ of repellents can represent a worth solution to avoid tick bites. It is widely adopted to protect travellers and pets exposed to ticks during limited periods of the year. The use of natural products as active ingredients in eco-friendly repellent formulations is currently a prominent research area, due to the wide diversity and high effectiveness of a number of plant-borne compounds, with special reference to essential oils (EOs) extracted from medicinal and aromatic species...
December 26, 2017: Acta Tropica
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29276207/effects-of-antrodia-camphorata-and-panax-ginseng-supplementation-on-anti-fatigue-properties-in-mice
#7
Chien-Yu Hsiao, Yi-Ju Hsu, Yu-Tang Tung, Mon-Chien Lee, Chi-Chang Huang, City C Hsieh
Antrodia camphorata and Panax ginseng are well-known medicinal plants in Taiwan folk and traditional Chinese medicine, which have been reported for multifunctional bioactivities. However, there is limited evidence that a fixed combination formula of these two plant extracts is effective for the exercise improvement or anti-fatigue. We aimed to evaluate the potential beneficial effects of the mix formulation of these two herbal medicines (AG formulation) on fatigue and ergogenic functions following physiological challenge...
December 25, 2017: Journal of Veterinary Medical Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29228790/an-evidence-based-study-on-medicinal-plants-for-hemorrhoids-in-medieval-persia
#8
Mohammad Hashem Hashempur, Fatemeh Khademi, Maryam Rahmanifard, Mohammad M Zarshenas
Hemorrhoids is one of the most common gastrointestinal diseases. There are several therapeutic options associated with some complications. Therefore, researchers look for traditional medicines as a potential resource for introduction of new natural drugs. The current study reports an evidence-based review of herbal remedies for hemorrhoids in traditional Persian medicine. A comprehensive survey about hemorrhoids on the most important manuscripts of traditional Persian medicine was done. Then, scientific data banks were searched for possible related properties of each herb in the conventional medicine...
January 1, 2017: Journal of Evidence-based Complementary & Alternative Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29218954/-study-on-formation-and-changes-of-dao-di-herbs-production-origin-of-gastrodia-elata
#9
Da-Hui Liu, Wen-Ling Gong, Zhi-Lai Zhan, Hua-Sheng Peng, Xiao Wang, Ke-Li Chen, Bi-Sheng Huang, Lan-Ping Guo
Gastrodia elata has been used in China for more than 2 000 years and it is a kind of valuable traditional Chinese medicine. The originrecords of G. elata were Mount Tai of Shandong and and Mount Song of Henan, which began in Wupu Bencao of Wei Jin Dynasties, and Tai'an and its surrounding areas had been the Do-di herbs production areas. But from the beginning of the Republic of China, G. elata origin has undergone major changes, Do-di herbs production areas moved westward to the southwest.In this paper,through literature research and field visits, we studied the formation and changes of Do-di herbs production areas of G...
September 2017: Zhongguo Zhong Yao za Zhi, Zhongguo Zhongyao Zazhi, China Journal of Chinese Materia Medica
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29215602/proteomic-contributions-to-medicinal-plant-research-from-plant-metabolism-to-pharmacological-action
#10
REVIEW
Akiko Hashiguchi, Jingkui Tian, Setsuko Komatsu
Herbal medicine is a clinical practice of utilizing medicinal plant derivatives for therapeutic purposes. It has an enduring history worldwide and plays a significant role in the fight against various diseases. Herbal drug combinations often exhibit synergistic therapeutic action compared with single-constituent dosage, and can also enhance the cytotoxicity induced by chemotherapeutic drugs. To explore the mechanism underlying the pharmacological action of herbs, proteomic approaches have been applied to the physiology of medicinal plants and its effects on animals...
December 7, 2017: Proteomes
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29203097/euclea-undulata-thunb-review-of-its-botany-ethnomedicinal-uses-phytochemistry-and-biological-activities
#11
REVIEW
Alfred Maroyi
Euclea undulata (E. undulata) is traditionally used for the treatment of body pains, chest complaints, cough, diabetes, diarrhoea, headaches, heart diseases and toothaches in southern Africa. This study was aimed at reviewing the botany, ethnopharmacology and biological activities of E. undulata in southern Africa. Results presented in this study are based on review of literature using search engines such as Science Direct, Springerlink, Scopus, PubMed, Web of Science, BioMed Central and Google Scholar. Herbal medicine is prepared from the decoctions of the roots, bark and leaves, and extracts of these plant parts have demonstrated anticholinesterase, anti-inflammatory, antimicrobial, antimycobacterial, antiplasmodial, antioxidant and hypoglycaemic activities...
November 2017: Asian Pacific Journal of Tropical Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29191238/ethnopharmacological-studies-of-indigenous-plants-in-kel-village-neelum-valley-azad-kashmir-pakistan
#12
Khawaja Shafique Ahmad, Abdul Hamid, Fahim Nawaz, Mansoor Hameed, Farooq Ahmad, Jiabin Deng, Noreen Akhtar, Ambreen Wazarat, Sehrish Mahroof
BACKGROUND: This explorative study was undertaken for the first time in Kel village located in the Upper Neelum Valley, Azad Kashmir, Pakistan. The purpose was to document the indigenous knowledge of the native people used in the preparation of herbal medicines. METHODS: To get the data on traditional uses of medicinal plants, 20 informants were interviewed. Quantitative ethnobotanical indices, i.e., use value (UV), relative frequencies of citation (RFC), informant consensus factor (Fic), fidelity level (FL), data matrix ranking (DMR), preference ranking (PR), and jaccard index (JI), were calculated for the recorded medicinal plants...
December 1, 2017: Journal of Ethnobiology and Ethnomedicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29189187/thymoquinone-tq-a-potential-therapeutic-molecule-role-of-colloidal-carriers-in-its-effective-delivery
#13
Poonam Negi, Charul Rathore, Gajanand Sharma, Bhupinder Singh Bhoop, Om Prakash Katare
From the past few decades, remarkable awareness has been laid on the use of herbal medicines in pharmaceutical research. Thymoquinone (TQ), the main chemical constituent of Nigella sativa (NS) plant has been extensively explored and revealed an array of therapeutic benefits in different in vitro and in vivo conditions. This review provides brief outline of the diverse therapeutics actions of TQ and NS viz. anti-oxidant, anti-inflammatory, anti-cancer, anti-diabetic, gastro-protective, hepato-protective, anti-microbial and anti-histaminic...
November 29, 2017: Recent Patents on Drug Delivery & Formulation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29179566/the-safety%C3%A2-assessment-of-herbals-with-a-new-and-ethical-approach
#14
Eugenio Aiello, Roberto Russo, Claudia Cristiano, Antonio Calignano
The increasing use of plant medicines (herbals) in Europe needs a shared methodology to determine the toxicity and the daily exposure level to these drugs. For this reason, the European regulatory agencies have undertaken a study that could meet popular uses and toxicological research in different countries of the Union. Here we list some examples of the most used herbal drug classes and we propose a decision-making process based on their characteristics, their content in active principles and on the basis of the present scientific pharmacological and toxicological literature...
November 28, 2017: Natural Product Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29179542/a-perspective-on-biotransformation-and-de-novo-biosynthesis-of-licorice-constituents
#15
Yujia Zhao, Bo Lv, Xudong Feng, Chun Li
Licorice, an important herbal medicine, is derived from the dried roots and rhizomes of Glycyrrhiza genus plants. It has been widely used in food, pharmaceutical, tobacco and cosmetics industries with high economic value. However, over-exploitation of licorice resources has severely destroyed the local ecology. Therefore, producing bioactive compounds of licorice through the biotransformation and bioengineering methods is a hot spot in recent years. In this perspective, we comprehensively summarize the biotransformation of licorice constituents into high value-added derivatives by biocatalysts...
November 27, 2017: Journal of Agricultural and Food Chemistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29171222/-molecular-regulative-mechanisms-of-aging-and-interventional-effects-of-chinese-herbal-medicine
#16
REVIEW
Bu-Hui Liu, Yi-Huang Gu, Yue Tu, Wei-Ming He, Wei Wu, Ying-Lu Liu, Zi-Yue Wan, Yi-Gang Wan
Aging is a gradual process during the loss of functions in cells,organs and tissues by time. The molecular mechanisms of aging-related theories include the classical ones such as telomere,oxygen radical and nonenzymatic glycosylation,as well as the newly proposed ones such as DNA methylation,mitochondrial DNA (mtDNA)and autophagy. The latest study showed the anti-aging effect of autophagy in hematopoietic stem cells. In recent years,based on the molecular regulative mechanisms of aging,a number of the promising anti-aging drugs have been found,including nicotinamide mononucleotide(NMN)and FOXO4-DRI,a peptide of anti-aging...
August 2017: Zhongguo Zhong Yao za Zhi, Zhongguo Zhongyao Zazhi, China Journal of Chinese Materia Medica
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29155174/ethnopharmacology-phytochemistry-and-pharmacology-of-cornus-officinalis-sieb-et-zucc
#17
REVIEW
Jun Huang, Yiwei Zhang, Lin Dong, Qinghan Gao, Lei Yin, Hongfeng Quan, Rong Chen, Xueyan Fu, Dingbo Lin
ETHNOPHARMACOLOGICAL RELEVANCE: Cornus officinalis (Cornaceae), known in Chinese as "Shanzhuyu," is a frequently used traditional Chinese medicine. It tastes sour and is astringent and slightly warm in nature. Its fruits have long been used to treat kidney deficiency, high blood pressure, waist and knee pain, dizziness, tinnitus, impotence, spermatorrhea, menorrhagia, and other diseases in China. The main distribution areas are Shanxi and Gansu. AIM OF THE STUDY: This review focused on the ethnopharmacological uses of the herb...
November 17, 2017: Journal of Ethnopharmacology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29149859/medicinal-plants-used-by-women-in-mecca-urban-muslim-and-gendered-knowledge
#18
Afnan Alqethami, Julie A Hawkins, Irene Teixidor-Toneu
BACKGROUND: This study explores medicinal plant knowledge and use among Muslim women in the city of Mecca, Saudi Arabia. Ethnobotanical research in the region has focused on rural populations and male herbal healers in cities, and based on these few studies, it is suggested that medicinal plant knowledge may be eroding. Here, we document lay, female knowledge of medicinal plants in an urban centre, interpreting findings in the light of the growing field of urban ethnobotany and gendered knowledge and in an Islamic context...
November 17, 2017: Journal of Ethnobiology and Ethnomedicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29147122/use-of-lipid-lowering-medicinal-herbs-during-pregnancy-a-systematic-review-on-safety-and-dosage
#19
REVIEW
Hojjat Rouhi-Boroujeni, Esfandiar Heidarian, Hamid Rouhi-Boroujeni, Minasadat Khoddami, Mojgan Gharipour, Mahmoud Rafieian-Kopaei
BACKGROUND: Hyperlipidemia is one of the important diseases in pregnancy that causes fetal abnormalities during pregnancy and after the birth. Unfortunately, the usual anti-fat drugs are associated with high morbidity in fetus and due to people's inclination towards taking herbs, it is required to identify side effects of medicinal herbs in pregnancy. The aim of this study was to present hypolipidemic herbs that would not any complications for mother and fetus. METHODS: In this review article, the major electronic databases such as EBSCO, Central Register of Controlled Trials (CENTRAL), China Network Knowledge Infrastructure (CNKI), Cochrane, Google scholar, MEDLINE, SciVerse, Scopus, and Web of Science were searched using the key words "herbal" and "hyperlipidemia", "herbal" and "pregnancy" matched by MeSH from their respective inceptions till September, 2016...
May 2017: ARYA Atherosclerosis
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29145848/pharmacological-potential-of-bidens-pilosa-l-and-determination-of-bioactive-compounds-using-uhplc-qqqlit-ms-ms-and-gc-ms
#20
Garima Singh, Ajit Kumar Passsari, Pratibha Singh, Vincent Vineeth Leo, Sarathbabu Subbarayan, Brijesh Kumar, Bhim Pratap Singh, Hauzel Lalhlenmawia, Nachimuthu Senthil Kumar
BACKGROUND: Research of natural products from traditionally used medicinal plants to fight against the human ailments is fetching attention of researchers worldwide. Bidens pilosa Linn. var. Radiata (Asteraceae) is well known for its folkloric medicinal use against various diseases from many decades. Mizoram, North East India, has high plant diversity and the use of this plant as herbal medicine is deep rooted in the local tribes. The present study was executed to understand the pharmacological potential of B...
November 16, 2017: BMC Complementary and Alternative Medicine
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