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fruit ripening systems biology proteomics

Sasikiran Sangireddy, Ikenna Okekeogbu, Zhujia Ye, Suping Zhou, Kevin J Howe, Tara Fish, Theodore W Thannhauser
The tomato (Solanum lycopersicum) ripening process from mature green (MG) to turning and then to red stages is accompanied by the occurrences of physiological and biochemical reactions, which ultimately result in the formation of the flavor, color and texture of ripe fruits. The two trivalent metal ions Al(3+) and La(3+) are known to induce different levels of phytotoxicity in suppressing root growth. This paper aims to understand the impacts of these two metal ions on tomato fruit proteomes. Tomato 'Micro-Tom' plants were grown in a hydroponic culture system supplemented with 50 μM aluminum sulfate (Al₂ (SO4)₃...
February 11, 2017: Proteomes
Lina Du, Jun Song, Charles Forney, Leslie Campbell Palmer, Sherry Fillmore, ZhaoQi Zhang
Banana (Musa AAA group) is one of the most consumed fruits in the world due to its flavor and nutritional value. As a typical climacteric fruit, banana responds to ethylene treatment, which induces rapid changes of color, flavor (aroma and taste), sweetness and nutritional composition. It has also been reported that ripening bananas at temperatures above 24 °C inhibits chlorophyll breakdown and color formation but increases the rate of senescence. To gain fundamental knowledge about the effects of high temperature and ethylene on banana ripening, a quantitative proteomic study employing multiplex peptide stable isotope dimethyl labeling was conducted...
2016: Horticulture Research
Li Li, Jun Song, Wilhelmina Kalt, Charles Forney, Rong Tsao, Devanand Pinto, Kenneth Chisholm, Leslie Campbell, Sherry Fillmore, Xihong Li
UNLABELLED: A quantitative proteomic investigation of strawberry fruit ripening employing stable isotope labeling by peptide dimethylation was conducted on 'Mira' and 'Honeoye' strawberry fruit. Postharvest physiological quality indices, including volatile production, total phenolics, total anthocyanins, antioxidant capacity, soluble solids and titratable acidity, were also characterized in white, pink and red fruit. More than 892 and 848 proteins were identified and quantified in the 'Mira' and 'Honeoye' fruit, respectively, using at least two peptides for each protein identification...
December 6, 2013: Journal of Proteomics
Eliel Ruiz-May, Jocelyn K C Rose
The plant cell wall (CW) compartment, or apoplast, is host to a highly dynamic proteome, comprising large numbers of both enzymatic and structural proteins. This reflects its importance as the interface between adjacent cells and the external environment, the presence of numerous extracellular metabolic and signaling pathways, and the complex nature of wall structural assembly and remodeling during cell growth and differentiation. Tomato fruit ontogeny, with its distinct phases of rapid growth and ripening, provides a valuable experimental model system for CW proteomic studies, in that it involves substantial wall assembly, remodeling, and coordinated disassembly...
2013: Frontiers in Plant Science
Himabindu Vasuki Kilambi, Rakesh Kumar, Rameshwar Sharma, Yellamaraju Sreelakshmi
Tomato (Solanum lycopersicum) high-pigment mutants with lesions in diverse loci such as DNA Damage-Binding Protein1 (high pigment1 [hp1]), Deetiolated1 (hp2), Zeaxanthin Epoxidase (hp3), and Intense pigment (Ip; gene product unknown) exhibit increased accumulation of fruit carotenoids coupled with an increase in chloroplast number and size. However, little is known about the underlying mechanisms exaggerating the carotenoid accumulation and the chloroplast number in these mutants. A comparison of proteome profiles from the outer pericarp of hp1 mutant and wild-type (cv Ailsa Craig) fruits at different developmental stages revealed at least 72 differentially expressed proteins during ripening...
April 2013: Plant Physiology
Clara Esteve, Alfonsina D'Amato, María Luisa Marina, María Concepción García, Pier Giorgio Righetti
Musa ssp. is among the world's leading fruit crops. Although a strong interest on banana biochemistry exists in the scientific community, focused on metabolite composition, proteins have been scarcely investigated even if they play an important role in food allergy and stability, are a source of biologically active peptides, and can provide information about nutritional aspects of this fruit. In this work we have employed the combinatorial peptide ligand libraries after different types of protein extractions, for searching the very low-abundance proteins in banana...
January 2013: Electrophoresis
Sonia Osorio, Rob Alba, Cynthia M B Damasceno, Gloria Lopez-Casado, Marc Lohse, Maria Inés Zanor, Takayuki Tohge, Björn Usadel, Jocelyn K C Rose, Zhangjun Fei, James J Giovannoni, Alisdair R Fernie
Tomato (Solanum lycopersicum) is an established model to study fleshy fruit development and ripening. Tomato ripening is regulated independently and cooperatively by ethylene and transcription factors, including nonripening (NOR) and ripening-inhibitor (RIN). Mutations of NOR, RIN, and the ethylene receptor Never-ripe (Nr), which block ethylene perception and inhibit ripening, have proven to be great tools for advancing our understanding of the developmental programs regulating ripening. In this study, we present systems analysis of nor, rin, and Nr at the transcriptomic, proteomic, and metabolomic levels during development and ripening...
September 2011: Plant Physiology
Ruiqiang Chen, Brad M Binder, Wesley M Garrett, Mark L Tucker, Caren Chang, Bret Cooper
Ethylene (ET) is a volatile hormone that modulates fruit ripening, plant growth, development and stress responses. Key components of the ET-signaling pathway identified by genetic dissection in Arabidopsis thaliana include five ET receptors, the negative regulator CTR1 and the positive regulator EIN2, all of which localize to the endoplasmic reticulum. Mechanisms of signaling among these proteins are still unresolved and targets of ET responses are not fully known. So, we used mass spectrometry to identify proteins in microsomal membrane preparations from etiolated A...
September 2011: Molecular BioSystems
Ramaschandra G Sharathchandra, Charmaine Stander, Dan Jacobson, Bongani Ndimba, Melané A Vivier
BACKGROUND: This work describes a proteomics profiling method, optimized and applied to berry cell suspensions to evaluate organ-specific cultures as a platform to study grape berry ripening. Variations in berry ripening within a cluster(s) on a vine and in a vineyard are a major impediment towards complete understanding of the functional processes that control ripening, specifically when a characterized and homogenous sample is required. Berry cell suspensions could overcome some of these problems, but their suitability as a model system for berry development and ripening needs to be established first...
2011: PloS One
Vera Muccilli, Concetta Licciardello, Debora Fontanini, Maria Patrizia Russo, Vincenzo Cunsolo, Rosaria Saletti, Giuseppe Reforgiato Recupero, Salvatore Foti
A combination of 2-DE and LC-MSMS approaches was used to identify the differentially expressed proteome of a pigmented sweet orange (Citrus sinensis, cv. Moro) in comparison with a common cultivar (Cadenera) at ripening time. The comparison of the protein patterns of Moro and Cadenera showed 64 differential expressed protein spots. Fifty-five differentially expressed proteins were identified. Proteins were classified according to their putative function and known biosynthetic pathways. Most of the proteins related to sugar metabolism were overexpressed in Moro, while those related to stress responses were overexpressed in Cadenera...
November 2, 2009: Journal of Proteomics
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