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Diabetes drug therap

Wei-Song Liu, Shao-Fen Zhu, Wei-Feng Liu, Guo-Lin Li, Hong-Quan Jiang
Microembolic signals (MES) have been reported to be an independent risk factor for stroke and transient ischemic attack (TIA). We examined the relationship between MES in the internal carotid artery and the occurrence of ischemic stroke in patients with TIA. A total of 67 patients who had a TIA were examined with transcranial Doppler ultrasonography to detect microemboli in the internal carotid artery 1, 3, and 7 days after admission, and 3 months after discharge. The relationship between the presence of MES and the subsequent occurrence of ischemic stroke was the primary outcome of interest...
October 2013: Journal of Clinical Neuroscience: Official Journal of the Neurosurgical Society of Australasia
Jowita Biernawska, Maciej Zukowski, Małgorzata Zegan-Barańska, Agnieszka Zukowska
BACKGROUND: The most common infection following surgical treatment, when mechanical ventilation and tracheal intubation are used, is ventilator-associated pneumonia (VAP) induced by Gram-negative and Gram-positive bacteria. Its treatment is difficult due to increasingly high antimicrobial drug resistance observed recently. CASE REPORT: A 73-year-old patient was admitted to undergo coronary artery bypass grafting and cardiac aneurysm excision. Additionally, chronic circulatory insufficiency (NYHA 2) with ejection fraction of 30% together with hypertension and type 2 diabetes were diagnosed...
October 2009: Anestezjologia Intensywna Terapia
Richard M Eglen, Terry Reisine
Protein kinases are important targets in drug discovery programs aimed at treating many devastating diseases, including cancer, autoimmune disorders, diabetes, and neurological disorders. Most "classical" drug discovery efforts employ rational drug design methods based upon structural information to identify compounds targeting the enzyme catalytic domain. Novel information on kinase biology is opening up other approaches in the design of selective inhibitors that may provide more subtle modulation of these drug discovery targets...
February 2009: Assay and Drug Development Technologies
Y Vandenplas, B Hauser, S Salvatore
The aetiology of gastroparesis differs between children and adults. During childhood, gastroparesis is quite rare, and is mostly seen in preterm infants, with either immaturity of the gastrointestinal tract, or when allergic to cow's milk protein. Acute, delayed gastric emptying may be observed following viral infections. In adults, most patients with gastroparesis are either idiopathic or of diabetic origin. As a consequence, approaches in the treatment of children and adults differ. Metoclopramide, domperidone, cisapride and erythromycin have all been studied...
November 2004: Expert Opinion on Pharmacotherapy
Tourandokht Baluchnejadmojarad, Mehrdad Roghani
In the present study, the effect of aqueous garlic extract (Allium sativum; 100 mg/Kg/day; i.p.) on the vascular reactivity of streptozotocin (STZ)-diabetic rats was investigated. Vascular reactivity of isolated aortic rings was assessed by measuring phenylephrine-induced contractile and acetylcholine-induced relaxation responses. The results showed that aortas prepared from 8-week, but not 4-week, STZ-diabetic rats exhibited significantly increased contractile responses, which were partially attenuated by garlic extract treatment...
September 19, 2003: Life Sciences
Evan A Stein
Lipid-lowering agents have been shown to reduce morbidity and mortality associated with coronary heart disease (CHD), particularly in high-risk patients. The identification and treatment of these patients should therefore be a high priority for clinicians. Guidelines from medical organizations, such as the National Cholesterol Education Program Adult Treatment Panel (NCEP ATP) and the American Diabetes Association (ADA), suggest that patients with low-density lipoprotein cholesterol (LDL-C) levels > or =130 mg/dL, and perhaps even those with levels > or =100 mg/dL, should receive drug therapy...
December 2002: American Heart Journal
J Martel, J Y Duclos, V Darrouzet, M Guyot, J P Bébéar
Malignant or progressive necrotizing otitis extrema is an uncommon but severe infectious condition of the external auditory canal. Over a period of four years, we treated 22 patients: 60% had diabetes (1/4 insulin dependent) and 13% were immunodepressed. The causal germ was Pseudomonas aeruginosa in 87% of cases. The pretherapeutic work-up included a computed tomography scan and a technetium scintigraphy to confirm diagnosis and assess extension. Repeated scintigraphies with gallium were used to follow the course under treatment...
November 2000: Annales D'oto-laryngologie et de Chirurgie Cervico Faciale
A Noda, M Okuyama, H Murayama, K Takeuchi, T Yokota, T Kobayashi, T Takayama
The effect of oral dissolution therapy for pancreatic stones was evaluated in patients with chronic calcific pancreatitis. The anti-epileptic agent trimethadione was given orally to 30 outpatients at a dose of 0.9-1.5 g daily. On plain X-ray films and CT scans of the abdomen, pancreatic stones began to be dissolved around 8 months of treatment, and diminished in size and number or disappeared in 21 patients (70%) during the mean follow-up period of 32 months. The effect of trimethadione treatment on dissolution of stones was not closely related to the aetiology of the disease, distribution and size of stones, previous history of surgical interventions, or the degree of pancreatic dysfunctions...
September 1994: Journal of Gastroenterology and Hepatology
L A Witters, J L Ohman, G C Weir, L W Raymond, F C Lowell
Insulin allergy developed in a patient treated with beef/pork insulin. Desensitization therapy led to cessation of the allergy, but it was associated with the development of diabetic ketoacidosis with apparent insulin resistance which was successfully treated with fish insulin. The patient's initial serum contained a high titer of anti-insulin immunoglobulin E (IgE) antibody directed primarily against beef insulin. Desensitization therapy with pork insulin was associated with the production of anti-insulin immunoglobulin G (IgG) antibody with highest immunologic reactivity to pork insulin...
November 1977: American Journal of Medicine
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