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aminoguanidine

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28808385/anti-inflammatory-effect-of-etlingera-pavieana-pierre-ex-gagnep-r-m-sm-rhizomal-extract-and-its-phenolic-compounds-in-lipopolysaccharide-stimulated-macrophages
#1
Ekaruth Srisook, Mullika Palachot, Sakulrat Mankhong, Klaokwan Srisook
BACKGROUND: In our continuing search for anti-inflammatory agents from Thai herbs, Etlingera pavieana (Pierre ex Gagnep.) R.M.Sm. showed potent inhibition on nitric oxide (NO) production in lipopolysaccharide (LPS)-induced macrophages. However, the mechanism behind its inhibitory effect has not been yet explored, and little is known regarding its bioactive compounds responsible for the anti-inflammatory effect. OBJECTIVE: In the present study, anti-inflammatory effect of hexane, ethyl acetate, and water fractions of rhizomal ethanol extracts of E...
July 2017: Pharmacognosy Magazine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28780382/dicarbonyls-induce-senescence-of-human-vascular-endothelial-cells
#2
Alexander Navarrete Santos, Kathleen Jacobs, Andreas Simm, Nicole Glaubitz, Rüdiger Horstkorte, Britt Hofmann
RATIONALE: Glyoxal (GO) and Methylglyoxal (MGO) are two dicarbonyls involved in the formation of advanced glycation end products (AGEs). Endothelial cells in the vessels are in constant contact with circulating AGEs and dicarbonyls. With this project, we aimed to elucidate the effect of GO and MGO on primary human vascular endothelial cells (HVECs). METHODS: Graft material from patients with coronary heart disease was used as HVECs source. HVECs were treated with different concentrations of GO and MGO...
August 2, 2017: Mechanisms of Ageing and Development
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28780050/hesperidin-reverses-perivascular-adipose-mediated-aortic-stiffness-with-aging
#3
An Ouyang, Tyler B Garner, Bradley S Fleenor
We tested the hypothesis that hesperidin would reverse age-related aortic stiffness, perivascular adipose (PVAT) mediated-arterial stiffening and PVAT advanced glycation end-products (AGE) accumulation. Aortic pulse wave velocity (aPWV) and intrinsic mechanical stiffness, two measures of arterial stiffness, were assessed in C57BL/6 mice that were young (6months), old (27-29months), or old treated with hesperidin for 4weeks. Old compared with young mice had increased aPWV (444±10 vs. 358±8cm/s, P<0.05) and mechanical stiffness (6506±369 vs...
August 3, 2017: Experimental Gerontology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28776450/pharmacological-modulation-of-reactive-oxygen-species-ros-improves-the-airway-hyperresponsiveness-by-shifting-the-th1-response-in-allergic-inflammation-induced-by-ovalbumin
#4
Renata Tiscoski Nesi, Mavina Valente Barroso, Valdirene de Souza Muniz, Ana Carolina de Arantes, Marco Aurélio Martins, Lycia de Brito Gitirana, Josiane Sabbadini Neves, Cláudia Farias Benjamim, Manuella Lanzetti, Samuel Santos Valença
Asthma is an allergic inflammation driven by the Th2 immune response with release of such cytokines as IL-4 and IL-13, which contribute to the airflow limitations and airway hyperresponsiveness (AHR). The involvement of oxidative stress in this process is well-established, but the specific role of the superoxide anion and nitric oxide in asthma are poorly understood. Thus, the aim of this study was to investigate the mechanisms underlying the superoxide anion/nitric oxide production and detoxification in a murine asthma model...
August 4, 2017: Free Radical Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28770991/nitric-oxide-sensing-through-azo-dye-formation-on-carbon-dots
#5
Sagarika Bhattacharya, Rhitajit Sarkar, Biswarup Chakraborty, Angel Porgador, Raz Jelinek
Carbon dots (C-dots) prepared through heating of aminoguanidine and citric acid enable bimodal (colorimetric and fluorescence) detection of nitric oxide (NO) in aqueous solutions. The C-dots retained the functional units of aminoguanidine, which upon reaction with NO produced surface residues responsible for the color and fluorescence transformations. Notably, the aminoguanidine/citric acid C-dots were noncytotoxic, making possible real-time and high sensitivity detection of NO in cellular environments. Using multiprong spectroscopic and chromatography analyses we deciphered the molecular mechanism accounting for the NO-induced structural and photophysical transformations of the C-dots, demonstrating for the first time N2 release and azo dye formation upon the C-dots' surface...
August 16, 2017: ACS Sensors
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28761331/antiglycation-radical-scavenging-and-semicarbazide-sensitive-amine-oxidase-inhibitory-activities-of-acetohydroxamic-acid-in-vitro
#6
Yuh-Hwa Liu, Yeh-Lin Lu, Der-Zen Liu, Wen-Chi Hou
Advanced glycation endproducts (AGEs) can promote intracellular reactive oxygen species production, and the levels of AGEs are highly correlated with cardiovascular disease and diabetes complications. Acetohydroxamic acid (acetH) is a bacterial urease inhibitor drug used to treat kidney stones and infections in the urinary tract, and hydroxyurea (HU) is a drug used for antineoplasm and sickle cell diseases. Both acetH and HU are hydroxamic acid derivatives. It was found that acetH and HU at 2.5 or 5 mM showed anti-AGE formation by lowering the AGEs' fluorescent intensities and N(ε)-(carboxymethyl)lysine formation in bovine serum albumin/galactose models, and both showed better and significant differences (P<0...
2017: Drug Design, Development and Therapy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28757441/exogenous-nitric-oxide-enhances-the-prophylactic-effect-of-aminoguanidine-a-preferred-inos-inhibitor-on-bleomycin-induced-fibrosis-in-the-lung-implications-for-the-direct-roles-of-the-no-molecule-in-vivo
#7
Chao Chen, Xiao-Jing Yun, Li-Ze Liu, Hong Guo, Lian-Feng Liu, Xiao-Ling Chen
OBJECTIVE: Inducible nitric oxide synthase (iNOS) aggravates and endothelial nitric oxide synthase (eNOS) ameliorates fibrosis in the lung. Our previous study demonstrated that aminoguanidine (AG), a preferred iNOS inhibitor, prevents bleomycin-induced injury and fibrosis in the lung. The diethylenetriamine nitric oxide adduct (DETA/NO) is a slow-release NO donor. Here, to clarify the exact role of the nitric oxide (NO) molecule in the pathogenesis of pulmonary fibrosis in vivo, we observed the effects of inhalation of aerosolized DETA/NO on fibrosis in the lungs of bleomycin-exposed rats with AG treatment, including the effects on the myofibroblast number, collagen deposition, peroxynitrite anion (ONOO(-)) formation, and injury in the lung...
July 27, 2017: Nitric Oxide: Biology and Chemistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28726197/effect-of-phenibut-and-glufimet-a-novel-glutamic-acid-derivative-on-respiration-of-heart-and-brain-mitochondria-from-animals-exposed-to-stress-against-the-background-of-inducible-no-synthase-blockade
#8
V N Perfilova, T A Popova, I I Prokofiev, I S Mokrousov, O V Ostrovskii, I N Tyurenkov
Increased oxygen consumption by heart and brain mitochondria in the absence of ADP and reduced mitochondrial respiration in the presence of ADP were observed in rats exposed to stress simulated by suspension by the dorsal neck skin fold for 24 h, which attests to uncoupling of substrate oxidation and ATP synthesis and can cause electron drain from the respiratory chain, formation of ROS, and oxidative damage to cell structures. Blockade of inducible NO synthase with aminoguanidine (single intraperitoneal dose of 50 mg/kg before stress exposure) increased coupling of respiration and oxidative phosphorylation in heart and brain mitochondria of rats exposed to immobilization-painful stress, which was especially pronounced in cardiomyocytes...
June 2017: Bulletin of Experimental Biology and Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28704798/experimental-studies-on-possible-regulatory-role-of-nitric-oxide-on-the-differential-effects-of-chronic-predictable-and-unpredictable-stress-on-adaptive-immune-responses
#9
Tarun Thakur, Kavita Gulati, Nishant Rai, Arunabha Ray
The present study was designed to investigate the effects of chronic predictable stress (CPS) and chronic unpredictable stress (CUS) on immunological responses in KLH-sensitized rats and involvement of NOergic signaling pathways mediating such responses. Male Wistar rats (200-250g) were exposed to either CPS or CUS for 14days and IgG antibody levels and delayed type hypersensitivity (DTH) response was determined to assess changes in adaptive immunity. To evaluate the role of nitric oxide during such immunomodulation, biochemical estimation of stable metabolite of nitric oxide (NOx) and 3-nitrotyrosine (3-NT, a marker of peroxynitrite formation) were done in both blood and brain...
July 10, 2017: International Immunopharmacology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28704619/advanced-glycation-end-products-affect-cholesterol-homeostasis-by-impairing-abca1-expression-on-macrophages
#10
Olivier Kamtchueng Simo, Souade Ikhlef, Hicham Berrougui, Abdelouahed Khalil
Reverse cholesterol transport (RCT), which is intimately linked to high-density lipoproteins (HDLs), plays a key role in cholesterol homeostasis and the prevention of atherosclerosis. The goal of the present study was to investigate the effect of aging and advanced glycation end products (AGEs) on RCT as well as on other factors that may affect the antiatherogenic property of HDLs. The transfer of macrophage-derived cholesterol to the plasma and liver and then to the feces for elimination was significantly lower in aged mice than in young mice...
August 2017: Canadian Journal of Physiology and Pharmacology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28698893/cytotoxicity-against-tumor-cell-lines-and-anti-inflammatory-properties-of-chitinases-from-calotropis-procera-latex
#11
Carolina Araújo Viana, Márcio V Ramos, José Delano Barreto Marinho Filho, Letícia Veras Costa Lotufo, Ingrid Samantha Tavares Figueiredo, Jefferson Soares de Oliveira, Pietro Mastroeni, José Vitor Lima-Filho, Nylane Maria Nunes Alencar
The role of chitinases from the latex of medicinal shrub Calotropis procera on viability of tumor cell lines and inflammation was investigated. Soluble latex proteins were fractionated in a CM Sepharose Fast-Flow Column and the major peak (LPp1) subjected to ion exchange chromatography using a Mono-Q column coupled to an FPLC system. In a first series of experiments, immortalized macrophages were cultured with LPp1 for 24 h. Then, cytotoxicity of chitinase isoforms (LPp1-P1 to P6) was evaluated against HCT-116 (colon carcinoma), OVCAR-8 (ovarian carcinoma), and SF-295 (glioblastoma) tumor cell lines in 96-well plates...
July 11, 2017: Naunyn-Schmiedeberg's Archives of Pharmacology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28694192/laminar-shear-stress-suppresses-vascular-smooth-muscle-cell-proliferation-through-nitric-oxide-ampk-pathway
#12
Sun Ae Kim, Jin Young Sung, Chang-Hoon Woo, Hyoung Chul Choi
In healthy condition, vascular smooth muscle cells (VSMCs) are not directly exposed to shear stresses, because they are shielded by endothelial cell (EC) layer that lines blood vessels. After injury to EC layer caused by rupture of atherosclerotic lesions or invasive techniques such as angioplasty, VSMCs are directly exposed to blood flow which modulate molecular signaling and function. In endothelium, exposure to fluid shear stress has been reported to induce AMP-activated protein kinase (AMPK) phosphorylation and nitric oxide (NO) production...
September 2, 2017: Biochemical and Biophysical Research Communications
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28685011/methylglyoxal-induces-changes-in-the-glyoxalase-system-and-impairs-glutamate-uptake-activity-in-primary-astrocytes
#13
Fernanda Hansen, Fabiana Galland, Franciane Lirio, Daniela Fraga de Souza, Carollina Da Ré, Rafaela Ferreira Pacheco, Adriana Fernanda Vizuete, André Quincozes-Santos, Marina Concli Leite, Carlos-Alberto Gonçalves
The impairment of astrocyte functions is associated with diabetes mellitus and other neurodegenerative diseases. Astrocytes have been proposed to be essential cells for neuroprotection against elevated levels of methylglyoxal (MG), a highly reactive aldehyde derived from the glycolytic pathway. MG exposure impairs primary astrocyte viability, as evaluated by different assays, and these cells respond to MG elevation by increasing glyoxalase 1 activity and glutathione levels, which improve cell viability and survival...
2017: Oxidative Medicine and Cellular Longevity
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28659153/advanced-glycation-end-products-ages-increase-renal-lipid-accumulation-a-pathogenic-factor-of-diabetic-nephropathy-dn
#14
Yang Yuan, Hong Sun, Zilin Sun
BACKGROUND: Advanced glycation end products (AGEs) are pathogenic factors of diabetic nephropathy (DN), causing renal damage in various ways. The aim of this study is to investigate the ectopic lipid accumulation caused by AGEs in human renal tubular epithelial cell line (HK-2) cells and the kidney of type 2 diabetic rats. METHODS: In vivo study, diabetes was induced in male Sprague-Dawley rats through intraperitoneal injection of high-fat/high-sucrose diet and low-dose streptozocin (STZ)...
June 28, 2017: Lipids in Health and Disease
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28649743/l-arginine-modulates-inflammation-and-muscle-regulatory-genes-after-a-single-session-of-resistance-exercise-in-rats
#15
Samuel R L Morais, Victor Gustavo B Brito, Wagner G Mello, Sandra H P Oliveira
We investigated the skeletal muscle adaptation to L-arginine supplementation prior to a single session of resistance exercise (RE) during the early phase of muscle repair. Wistar rats were randomly assigned into non-exercised (Control), RE plus vehicle (RE); RE plus L-arginine (RE+L-arg) and RE plus aminoguanidine (RE+AG) groups. Animals received four doses of either vehicle (0.9%NaCl), L-arg (1g/b.w.), or AG (iNOS inhibitor) (50mg/b.w.). The animals performed a single RE session until the concentric failure (ladder climbing; 80% overload) and the skeletal muscles were harvested at 0, 8, 24 and 48h post RE...
June 26, 2017: Scandinavian Journal of Medicine & Science in Sports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28634786/inhibition-of-nf-%C3%AE%C2%BAb-activity-by-aminoguanidine-alleviates-neuroinflammation-induced-by-hyperglycemia
#16
Yuanjian Song, Fang Zhang, Changjiang Ying, Kiran Ashok Kumar, Xiaoyan Zhou
Neuroinflammation is a key feature of cerebral complication which is associated with diabetes mellitus (DM). Inducible nitric oxide synthase (iNOS) is implicated in the pathogenesis of neuroinflammation. However, how iNOS facilitates the development of inflammation in brain is still unidentified. The aim of the present study was to investigate the association of iNOS and neuroinflammation in diabetic mice, and elucidate the potential mechanisms underlying aminoguanidine (AG), the selective inhibitor of iNOS, protected neurons against inflammation in diabetic mice...
June 20, 2017: Metabolic Brain Disease
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28631525/polyphenol-profile-by-uhplc-ms-ms-anti-glycation-antioxidant-and-cytotoxic-activities-of-several-samples-of-propolis-from-the-northeastern-semi-arid-region-of-brazil
#17
Jadriane de Almeida Xavier, Iara Barros Valentim, Fabiana O S Camatari, Alberto M M de Almeida, Henrique Fonseca Goulart, Jamylle Nunes de Souza Ferro, Emiliano de Oliveira Barreto, Bruno Coelho Cavalcanti, Carla B G Bottoli, Marília Oliveira Fonseca Goulart
CONTEXT: Propolis has promising biological activities. Propolis samples from the Northeast of Bahia, Brazil - sample A from Ribeira do Pombal and B, from Tucano - were investigated, with new information regarding their biological activities. OBJECTIVE: This paper describes the chemical profile, antioxidant, anti-glycation and cytotoxic activities of these propolis samples. MATERIAL AND METHODS: Ethanol extracts of these propolis samples (EEP) and their fractions were analyzed to determine total phenolic content (TPC); antioxidant capacity through DPPH(•), FRAP and lipid peroxidation; anti-glycation activity, by an in vitro glucose (10 mg/mL) bovine serum albumine (1 mg/mL) assay, during 7 d; cytotoxic activity on cancer (SF295, HCT-116, OVCAR-8, MDA-MB435, MX-1, MCF7, HL60, JURKAT, MOLT-4, K562, PC3, DU145) and normal cell lines (V79) at 0...
December 2017: Pharmaceutical Biology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28615337/accumulation-of-methylglyoxal-increases-the-advanced-glycation-end-product-levels-in-drg-and-contributes-to-lumbar-disk-herniation-induced-persistent-pain
#18
Cui-Cui Liu, Xin-Sheng Zhang, Yu-Ting Ruan, Zhu-Xi Huang, Su-Bo Zhang, Meng Liu, Hai-Jie Luo, Shao-Ling Wu, Chao Ma
Lumbar disk herniation (LDH) with discogenic low back pain and sciatica is a common and complicated musculoskeletal disorder. The underlying mechanisms are poorly understood, and there are no effective therapies for LDH-induced pain. In the present study, we found that the patients who suffered from LDH-induced pain had elevated plasma methylglyoxal (MG) levels. In rats, implantation of autologous nucleus pulposus (NP) to the left lumbar 5 spinal nerve root, which mimicked LDH, induced mechanical allodynia, increased MG level in plasma and dorsal root ganglion (DRG), and enhanced the excitability of small DRG neurons (<30 μm in diameter)...
August 1, 2017: Journal of Neurophysiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28577109/phosgene-induced-acute-lung-injury-ali-differences-from-chlorine-induced-ali-and-attempts-to-translate-toxicology-to-clinical-medicine
#19
REVIEW
Wenli Li, Juergen Pauluhn
BACKGROUND: Phosgene (carbonyl dichloride) gas is an indispensable chemical inter-mediate used in numerous industrial processes. There is no clear consensus as to its time- and inhaled-dose-dependent etiopathologies and associated preventive or therapeutic treatment strategies. METHODS: Cardiopulmonary function was examined in rats exposed by inhalation to the alveolar irritant phosgene or to the airway irritant chlorine during and following exposure. Terminal measurements focused on hematology, protein extravasation in bronchoalveolar lavage (BAL), and increased lung weight...
December 2017: Clinical and Translational Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28529131/the-structure-of-the-guanidine-ii-riboswitch
#20
Lin Huang, Jia Wang, David M J Lilley
The guanidine-II (mini-ykkC) riboswitch is the smallest of the guanidine-responsive riboswitches, comprising two stem loops of similar sequence. We have solved high-resolution crystal structures of both stem loops for the riboswitch from Gloeobacter violaceus. The stem loops have a strong propensity to dimerize by intimate loop-loop interaction. The dimerization creates specific binding pockets for two guanidine molecules, explaining their cooperative binding. Within the binding pockets the ligands are hydrogen bonded to a guanine at O6 and N7, and to successive backbone phosphates...
June 22, 2017: Cell Chemical Biology
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