keyword
MENU ▼
Read by QxMD icon Read
search

Msg

keyword
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28821179/pungency-evaluation-of-hydroxyl-sanshool-compounds-after-dissolution-in-taste-carriers-per-time-related-characteristics
#1
Lulu Zhang, Bolin Shi, Houyin Wang, Lei Zhao, Zhongxiu Chen
This study was conducted to investigate the sensory characteristics and temporal migration of hydroxyl-sanshool compounds at slight and moderate concentrations after dissolution in ethanol-water, saccharose, NaCl, and MSG via 2-AFC, time intensity (TI) and temporal dominance of sensations (TDS) methods. The pungency detection threshold (DT) was suppressed in saccharose while NaCl and MSG solutions showed no effect on pungency DT. The area under the curve (AUC) of pungency increased in NaCl and MSG solutions and decreased significantly in saccharose solution...
September 1, 2017: Chemical Senses
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28798697/cardiac-autonomic-modulation-and-the-kinetics-of-heart-rate-responses-in-the-on-and-off-transient-during-exercise-in-women-with-metabolic-syndrome
#2
Lucas R B E Silva, Antonio R Zamunér, Paulo Gentil, Fagner M Alves, Acácia G F Leal, Viviane Soares, Maria S Silva, Marcus F Vieira, Karina Simões, Gustavo R Pedrino, Ana C S Rebelo
Objective: To test whether women with metabolic syndrome (MS) have impairments in the on- and off-transients during an incremental test and to study whether any of the MS components are independently associated with the observed responses. Research Design and Methods: Thirty-six women aged 35-55 years were divided into a group with MS (MSG, n = 19) and a control group (CG, n = 17). R-R intervals (RRi) and heart rate variability (HRV) were calculated on a beat-to-beat basis and the heart rate (HR) at the on- and off-transient were analyzed during an incremental cardiopulmonary exercise test (CPET)...
2017: Frontiers in Physiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28755050/glutamate-neonatal-excitotoxicity-modifies-vegf-a-vegf-b-vegfr-1-and-vegfr-2-protein-expression-profiles-during-postnatal-development-of-the-cerebral-cortex-and-hippocampus-of-male-rats
#3
Jose Luis Castañeda-Cabral, Carlos Beas-Zarate, Graciela Gudiño-Cabrera, Monica E Ureña-Guerrero
Vascular endothelial growth factor (VEGF) exerts both neuroprotective and proinflammatory effects in the brain, depending on the VEGF (A-E) and VEGF receptor (VEGFR1-3) types involved. Neonatal monosodium glutamate (MSG) treatment triggers an excitotoxic degenerative process associated with several neuropathological conditions, and VEGF messenger RNA (mRNA) expression is increased at postnatal day (PD) 14 in rat hippocampus (Hp) following the treatment. The aim of this work was to establish the changes in immunoreactivity to VEGF-A, VEGF-B, VEGFR-1 and VEGFR-2 proteins induced by neonatal MSG treatment (4 g/kg, subcutaneous, at PD1, 3, 5 and 7) in the cerebral motor cortex (CMC) and Hp...
July 29, 2017: Journal of Molecular Neuroscience: MN
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28742813/taste-preference-changes-throughout-different-life-stages-in-male-rats
#4
Chizuko Inui-Yamamoto, Takashi Yamamoto, Katsura Ueda, Michiko Nakatsuka, Shunji Kumabe, Tadashi Inui, Yasutomo Iwai
Taste preference, a key component of food choice, changes with aging. However, it remains unclear how this occurs. To determine differences in taste preference between rats in different life stages, we examined the consumption of taste solutions and water using a two-bottle test. Male Sprague-Dawley rats of different ages were used: juvenile (3-6 weeks), young adult (8-11 weeks), adult (17-20 weeks), middle-aged (34-37 weeks), and old-aged (69-72 weeks). The intakes of the high and low concentration solutions presented simultaneously were measured...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28736936/invasive-fungal-infection-following-chemotherapy-for-acute-myeloid-leukaemia-experience-from-a-developing-country
#5
Anu Korula, Aby Abraham, Fouzia N Abubacker, Auro Viswabandya, Kavitha M Lakshmi, O C Abraham, Priscilla Rupali, George M Varghese, Joy S Michael, Alok Srivastava, Vikram Mathews, Biju George
The incidence of invasive fungal infections (IFI) is believed to be higher in patients with acute myeloid leukaemia (AML) undergoing chemotherapy in non-HEPA-filtered rooms. The aim of this study is to review the incidence of IFI in a large cohort of patients with AML treated at a single centre in India. Two hundred and twenty-two patients with AML treated with either induction chemotherapy or salvage chemotherapy between 2008 and 2013 were studied retrospectively. IFI was defined as per the revised EORTC-MSG criteria...
July 23, 2017: Mycoses
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28730224/histopathological-and-immunohistochemical-profile-in-primary-sj%C3%A3-gren-s-syndrome
#6
Ştefan Cristian Dinescu, Mircea Cătălin ForŢofoiu, Ana Maria Bumbea, Paulina Lucia Ciurea, Cristina Jana Busuioc, Anca Emanuela Muşetescu
Sjögren's syndrome (SS) is an autoimmune disease characterized by hypofunction of the salivary and lachrymal glands. Main clinical features of SS are sicca symptoms, due to the altered glandular function. Also, in advanced stages, bilateral swelling of the parotid glands can be noted, indicative of severe glandular involvement. Phenotypic expression of various mononuclear cells present in the affected tissue offers additional insight into cellular proliferation, survival, migration, antibody secretion and also the potential of forming tertiary lymphoid tissue, i...
2017: Romanian Journal of Morphology and Embryology, Revue Roumaine de Morphologie et Embryologie
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28712819/clinical-characteristics-radiologic-findings-risk-factors-and-outcomes-of-serum-galactomannan-negative-invasive-pulmonary%C3%A2-aspergillosis
#7
Jiwon Jung, Mi Young Kim, Yong Pil Chong, Sang-Oh Lee, Sang-Ho Choi, Yang Soo Kim, Jun Hee Woo, Sung-Han Kim
BACKGROUND: The sensitivity of galactomannan (GM) assay is suboptimal for detecting invasive pulmonary aspergillosis (IPA) in serum samples. However, the clinical characteristics, radiologic findings, and outcomes in patients with GM-negative IPA have not been fully elucidated. METHODS: Over a 7-year period, adult patients with proven or probable IPA by the EORTC/MSG definition were retrospectively enrolled. Patients with negative GM results and positive Aspergillus spp...
June 29, 2017: Journal of Microbiology, Immunology, and Infection, Wei Mian Yu Gan Ran za Zhi
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28692651/effects-of-clinical-and-environmental-factors-on-bronchoalveolar-antibody-responses-to-pneumocystis-jirovecii-a-prospective-cohort-study-of-hiv-patients
#8
Robert J Blount, Kieran R Daly, Serena Fong, Emily Chang, Katherine Grieco, Meredith Greene, Stephen Stone, John Balmes, Robert F Miller, Peter D Walzer, Laurence Huang
BACKGROUND: Humoral immunity plays an important role against Pneumocystis jirovecii infection, yet clinical and environmental factors that impact bronchoalveolar antibody responses to P. jirovecii remain uncertain. METHODS: From October 2008-December 2011 we enrolled consecutive HIV-infected adults admitted to San Francisco General Hospital (SFGH) who underwent bronchoscopy for suspected Pneumocystis pneumonia (PCP). We used local air quality monitoring data to assign ozone, nitrogen dioxide, and fine particulate matter exposures within 14 days prior to hospital admission...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28689465/design-synthesis-and-taste-evaluation-of-a-high-intensity-umami-imparting-oxazole-based-compound
#9
Yusuke Amino, Yu-Ki Tahara, Kei Yamada, Masakazu Nakazawa, Uno Tagami, Takaho Tajima, Motonaka Kuroda
Umami taste is imparted predominantly by monosodium glutamate (MSG) and 5'-ribonucleotides. Recently, several different classes of hydrophobic umami-imparting compounds, the structures of which are quite different from MSG, have been reported. To obtain a novel umami-imparting compound, N-cinnamoyl phenethylamine was chosen as the lead compound, and a rational structure-optimization study was conducted on the basis of the pharmacophore model of previously reported compounds. The extremely potent umami-imparting compound 2-[[[2-[(1E)-2-(1,3-benzodioxol-5-yl)ethenyl]-4-oxazolyle]methoxy]methyl]pyridine, which exhibits 27,000 times the umami taste of MSG, was found...
September 2017: Bioscience, Biotechnology, and Biochemistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28689016/long-term-follow-up-of-invasive-aspergillosis-in-allogeneic-stem-cell-transplantation-recipients-and-leukemia-patients-differences-in-risk-factors-and-outcomes
#10
S Bonnet, R Duléry, K Regany, M Bouketouche, L Magro, V Coiteux, S Alfandari, C Berthon, B Quesnel, I Yakoub-Agha
Antifungal prophylaxis (AP) has dramatically changed the epidemiology of invasive aspergillosis (IA). To better understand the differences in terms of clinical significance of IA between allogeneic stem cell transplantation (allo-SCT) recipients and patients treated for leukemia, we report a single-center study of 735 unselected consecutive patients treated between 2000 and 2004, before the era of systematic AP. Probable or confirmed IA were observed in 29 patients (2008 EORTC/MSG criteria), including 7/235 undergoing allo-SCT (5...
April 2017: Current Research in Translational Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28681812/evaluation-of-serum-galactomannan-enzyme-immunoassay-at-two-different-cut-offs-for-the-diagnosis-of-invasive-aspergillosis-in-patients-with-febrile-neutropenia
#11
Ritin Mohindra, Malini R Capoor, Shikha Puri, Hitesh Raheja, Dinesh K Gupta, B Gupta, Ranadip Chowdhury
BACKGROUND: Invasive aspergillosis (IA) is an increasingly common and fatal opportunistic fungal infection in patients with haematological diseases. Early diagnosis is difficult as mycological culture techniques have low sensitivity and the radiological tools have low specificity. Galactomannan enzyme immunoassay (GEI) detects galactomannan in the human serum with a reported sensitivity and specificity between 30% and 100%. AIMS: The aim of this study was to analyse the role of GEI in diagnosis of IA in patients with febrile neutropenia and to evaluate the role of GEI in the diagnosis of IA as per the revised (2008) European Organization for Research and Treatment of Cancer-Mycoses Study Group (EORTC-MSG) criteria at two different optical density (OD) cut-offs of 0...
April 2017: Indian Journal of Medical Microbiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28674926/enhancement-of-gamma-aminobutyric-acid-gaba-levels-using-an-autochthonous-lactobacillus-futsaii-cs3-as-starter-culture-in-thai-fermented-shrimp-kung-som
#12
Chatthaphisuth Sanchart, Onnicha Rattanaporn, Dietmar Haltrich, Pimpimol Phukpattaranont, Suppasil Maneerat
Gamma-aminobutyric acid (GABA) is a non-proteinogenic amino acid, which has a variety of well-characterized beneficial physiological functions. In order to improve GABA levels and the fermentation process of Thai fermented shrimp (Kung-Som), autochthonous Lactobacillus futsaii CS3 was inoculated as a starter culture into Kung-Som, and its effects on the quality of Kung-Som were studied. The optimal conditions for GABA production in Kung-Som as obtained by response surface methodology (RSM) using a central composite design (CCD) were an inoculum size of roughly 10(7) CFU/g (X1) of L...
August 2017: World Journal of Microbiology & Biotechnology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28674616/biological-effect-of-microengineered-grooved-stents-on-strut-healing-a-randomised-oct-based-comparative-study-in-humans
#13
Boris Vesga, Hector Hernandez, Sergio Higuera, Pawel Gasior, Dario Echeveri, Juan A Delgado, Antonio Dager, Camilo Arana, Charles Simonton, Akiko Maehara, Julio Palmaz, Juan F Granada
OBJECTIVE: To evaluate the biological effect of microengineered stent grooves (MSG) on early strut healing in humans by performing optical coherence tomography (OCT) analysis 3 weeks following the implantation. BACKGROUND: In the experimental setting, MSG accelerate endothelial cell migration and reduce neointimal proliferation compared with bare metal stent (BMS). METHODS: A total of 37 patients undergoing percutaneous coronary intervention with de novo coronary lesions were randomly assigned to either MSG (n=19) or an identical BMS controls (n=18)...
2017: Open Heart
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28652524/single-breath-hold-whole-heart-unenhanced-coronary-mra-using-multi-shot-gradient-echo-epi-at-3t-comparison-with-free-breathing-turbo-field-echo-coronary-mra-on-healthy-volunteers
#14
Yuji Iyama, Takeshi Nakaura, Yasunori Nagayama, Seitaro Oda, Daisuke Utsunomiya, Masafumi Kidoh, Hideaki Yuki, Kenichiro Hirata, Tomohiro Namimoto, Mika Kitajima, Kosuke Morita, Yoshinori Funama, Atsushi Takemura, Tomoyuki Okuaki, Yasuyuki Yamashita
PURPOSE: We investigated the feasibility of single breath hold unenhanced coronary magnetic resonance angiography (MRA) using multi-shot gradient echo planar imaging (MSG-EPI) on a 3T-scanner. METHODS: Fourteen volunteers underwent single breath hold coronary MRA with a MSG-EPI and free-breathing turbo field echo (TFE) coronary MRA at 3T. The acquisition time, signal to noise ratio (SNR), and the contrast of the sequences were compared with the paired t-test. Readers evaluated the image contrast, noise, sharpness, artifacts, and the overall image quality...
June 26, 2017: Magnetic Resonance in Medical Sciences: MRMS
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28642144/performance-of-aspergilluspcr-in-cerebrospinal-fluid-for-the-diagnosis-of-cerebral-aspergillosis
#15
Sébastien Imbert, Jean-Yves Brossas, Martine Palous, Isabelle Joly, Isabelle Meyer, Arnaud Fekkar
OBJECTIVES: cerebral aspergillosis is a rare but often fatal form of invasive aspergillosis that remains difficult to diagnose. The literature has shown the value of Aspergillus PCR in blood-derived samples for the diagnosis of invasive aspergillosis but provides far less information for cerebrospinal fluid (CSF) in cerebral aspergillosis. Here, we evaluated the usefulness of an Aspergillus PCR assay performed on CSF for the diagnosis of cerebral aspergillosis. METHODS: this retrospective study involved 72 patients with suspected cerebral aspergillosis for a total of 88 CSF samples in whom CSF Aspergillus PCR was performed...
June 19, 2017: Clinical Microbiology and Infection
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28620676/retrospective-study-of-the-correlation-between-pathological-tumor-size-and-survival-after-curative-resection-of-t3-pancreatic-adenocarcinoma-proposal-for-reclassification-of-the-tumor-extending-beyond-the-pancreas-based-on-tumor-size
#16
Masanao Kurata, Goro Honda, Yoshiaki Murakami, Kenichiro Uemura, Sohei Satoi, Fuyuhiko Motoi, Masayuki Sho, Ippei Matsumoto, Manabu Kawai, Hiroaki Yanagimoto, Takumi Fukumoto, Minako Nagai, Masahiko Gosho, Michiaki Unno, Hiroki Yamaue
BACKGROUND: Even though most patients who undergo resection of pancreatic adenocarcinoma have T3 disease with extra-pancreatic tumor extension, T3 disease is not currently classified by tumor size. The aim of this study was to modify the current TNM classification of pancreatic adenocarcinoma to reflect the influence of tumor size. METHODS: A total of 847 consecutive pancreatectomy patients were recruited from multiple centers. Optimum tumor size cutoff values were calculated by receiver operating characteristics analysis for tumors limited to the pancreas (T1/2) and for T3 tumors...
June 15, 2017: World Journal of Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28620442/efficacy-of-nanoceria-for-periodontal-tissues-alteration-in-glutamate-induced-obese-rats-multidisciplinary-considerations-for-personalized-dentistry-and-prevention
#17
Tetyana V Beregova, Karine S Neporada, Maksym Skrypnyk, Tetyana M Falalyeyeva, Nadiya M Zholobak, Oleksandr B Shcherbakov, Mykola Ya Spivak, Rostyslav V Bubnov
BACKGROUND: Nowadays, we face the global epidemic of obesity, that is known to contribute to the development of many diseases, such as the oral cavity pathologies. Dental and oral pathologies are frequently caused by and overlapped with systemic multifactorial diseases such as obesity being its early indicators and risk factors. The aim was to study the influence of nanoceria on periodontal tissues alteration in glutamate (MSG)-induced obese rats. METHODS: We included 52 Wistar rats of both genders and divided into four groups: newborn rats in group 1 (control) received subcutaneously 8 μl/g saline...
March 2017: EPMA Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28618758/investigation-of-the-behavioral-and-neurochemical-effects-of-monosodium-glutamate-on-neonatal-rats
#18
Ayşen Çetin Kardeşler, Eyüp Başkale
BACKGROUND/AIM: The objective of this study was to investigate and analyze the behavioral and neurochemical effects of monosodium glutamate (MSG) injections at various and subsequent dosages on male Wistar rats during the neonatal period. MATERIALS AND METHODS: In order to determine the behavioral and neurochemical effects of MSG, the experiment was implemented on neonatal male Wistar rats and the test was repeated for various MSG dosages. After completing the experiment, additionally, levels of dopamine, GABA, catecholamine (dopamine, noradrenaline, and adrenaline) and glutamate in the brain cells of the decapitated rats were also measured using the ELISA method...
June 12, 2017: Turkish Journal of Medical Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28614713/acute-lesioning-and-rapid-repair-of-hypothalamic-neurons-outside-the-blood-brain-barrier
#19
Ernie Yulyaningsih, Ivan A Rudenko, Martin Valdearcos, Emma Dahlén, Eirini Vagena, Alvin Chan, Arturo Alvarez-Buylla, Christian Vaisse, Suneil K Koliwad, Allison W Xu
Neurons expressing agouti-related protein (AgRP) are essential for feeding. The majority of these neurons are located outside the blood-brain barrier (BBB), allowing them to directly sense circulating metabolic factors. Here, we show that, in adult mice, AgRP neurons outside the BBB (AgRP(OBBB)) were rapidly ablated by peripheral administration of monosodium glutamate (MSG), whereas AgRP neurons inside the BBB and most proopiomelanocortin (POMC) neurons were spared. MSG treatment induced proliferation of tanycytes, the putative hypothalamic neural progenitor cells, but the newly proliferated tanycytes did not become neurons...
June 13, 2017: Cell Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28612917/neonatal-exposure-to-monosodium-glutamate-results-in-dysmorphology-of-orofacial-lower-motor-neurons
#20
Lindsey Foran, Chloe Kupelian, Swati Laroia, Jeffrey Esper, Randy Joseph Kulesza
Glutamate is the most abundant excitatory neurotransmitter in the central nervous system, and is stored and released by both neurons and astrocytes. Despite the important role of glutamate as a neurotransmitter, high levels of extracellular glutamate can result in excitotoxicity and apoptosis. Monosodium glutamate (MSG) is a naturally occurring sodium salt of glutamic acid that is used as a flavor enhancer in many processed foods. Neonatal exposure to MSG has been shown to result in neurodegeneration in several forebrain regions, characterized by neuronal loss and neuroendocrine abnormalities...
June 14, 2017: Folia Morphologica (Warsz)
keyword
keyword
40809
1
2
Fetch more papers »
Fetching more papers... Fetching...
Read by QxMD. Sign in or create an account to discover new knowledge that matter to you.
Remove bar
Read by QxMD icon Read
×

Search Tips

Use Boolean operators: AND/OR

diabetic AND foot
diabetes OR diabetic

Exclude a word using the 'minus' sign

Virchow -triad

Use Parentheses

water AND (cup OR glass)

Add an asterisk (*) at end of a word to include word stems

Neuro* will search for Neurology, Neuroscientist, Neurological, and so on

Use quotes to search for an exact phrase

"primary prevention of cancer"
(heart or cardiac or cardio*) AND arrest -"American Heart Association"