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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29161808/renal-outcome-of-congenital-anomalies-of-the-kidney-and-urinary-tract-system-a-singe-center-retrospective-study
#1
Rahime Renda
BACKGROUND: Congenital anomalies of the kidney and urinary tract (CAKUT) have been defined in 20 to 50% of all fetal anomalies. The aim of this study was to determine the demographic and clinical characteristics of such patients, as well as to describe the outcome and risk factors that affect the prognosis. METHODS: The analysis investigated retrospective data from 303 patients diagnosed with CAKUT between January 2015 and April 2017. Demographic data, clinical history, diagnosis, investigations, disease outcomes, and treatment procedures were evaluated...
November 21, 2017: Minerva Urologica e Nefrologica, the Italian Journal of Urology and Nephrology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29161699/patterns-of-detection-of-fetal-posterior-fossa-anomalies-analysis-of-81-cases-in-the-second-half-of-gestation
#2
Stéphanie Friszer, Ferdinand Dhombres, Eléonore Blondiaux, Marie-Laure Moutard, Catherine Garel, Jean-Marie Jouannic
OBJECTIVE: To establish which characteristics of fetal ultrasound screening lead to the diagnosis of posterior fossa (PF) anomalies. METHODS: A total of 81 fetuses with PF anomalies diagnosed after dedicated neuroimaging between July 1, 2007, and January 1, 2013, were included. The ultrasound characteristics of the fetal cerebellum categorized according to an anatomical approach to the PF, associated fetal anomalies, gestational age at diagnosis, and the potential benefits from systematic measurement of the transverse cerebellar diameter (TCD) were analyzed...
November 21, 2017: Fetal Diagnosis and Therapy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29156994/experimental-diabetes-impairs-maternal-reproductive-performance-in-pregnant-wistar-rats-and-their-offspring
#3
Leticia Bequer, Tahiry Gómez, José L Molina, Alain Álvarez, Claudia Chaviano, Sonia Clapés
The aim of this study was to determine the effect of mild hyperglycemia on metabolism during pregnancy, the maternal reproductive performance, and the characteristics of the offspring in neonatal mild diabetic-induced Wistar rats. The experimental diabetes model was generated by neonatal streptozotocin administration (100 mg of streptozotocin/Kg bw/sc) in female Wistar rats. At adulthood, the control and diabetic group were mated. At the 20th day of gestation, a maternal and fetal blood sample were collected for biochemical measurement...
November 20, 2017: Systems Biology in Reproductive Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29153738/pregnancy-outcomes-following-cardiac-transplantation
#4
Rohan D'Souza, Elisabeth Soete, Candice K Silversides, Nusrat Zaffar, Tim Van Mieghem, Johan Van Cleemput, Catriona Bhagra, Mathew Sermer, Heather Ross
OBJECTIVE: This study sought to report pregnancy outcomes in women following cardiac transplantation. METHODS: This was a descriptive retrospective cohort study of women with pregnancies following cardiac transplantation managed at two large tertiary centres in Canada and Belgium between 2001 and 2017. RESULTS: Sixteen women had 17 singleton pregnancies following cardiac transplantation. The mean maternal age was 28 ± 5.8, and the transplant-to-pregnancy interval was 7...
November 15, 2017: Journal of Obstetrics and Gynaecology Canada: JOGC, Journal D'obstétrique et Gynécologie du Canada: JOGC
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29153686/progression-of-gestational-hypertension-to-pre-eclampsia-a-cohort-study-of-20-103-pregnancies
#5
Kuo-Hu Chen, Kok-Min Seow, Li-Ru Chen
OBJECTIVE: To investigate previously un-identified risk factors for the progression of gestational hypertension (GH) to pre-eclampsia (PE) by considering Grade III preterm placental calcification (PPC) and excessive weight gain (≧10kgw) at 28weeks gestation. METHODS: At a tertiary teaching hospital, obstetric ultrasonography was performed at 28weeks gestation to establish a diagnosis of grade III PPC. Weight gain during pregnancy was recorded at the same time...
October 2017: Pregnancy Hypertension
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29146644/a-national-cohort-study-evaluating-infant-and-fetal-mortality-caused-by-birth-defects-in-korea
#6
Hyun Sun Ko, Dong Joo Kim, Yoohyun Chung, Jeong Ha Wie, Sae Kyung Choi, In Yarg Park, Yong Gyu Park, Jong Chul Shin
OBJECTIVE: To analyse the prevalence of fetal and infant deaths due to birth defects in Korea and those trends according to maternal age. DESIGN: Retrospective national cohort study SETTING: Korean Vital Statistics database of the Korean Statistical Information Service, between 2009 and 2015. PARTICIPANTS: 2176 infant deaths and 4343 fetal deaths caused by birth defects, among 3 181 145 total live births and 43 385 fetal deaths during the study periods...
November 15, 2017: BMJ Open
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29145928/note-of-clarification-potential-risks-to-offspring-of-intrauterine-exposure-to-maternal-age-related-obstetric-complications
#7
Juan J Tarín, Miguel A García-Pérez, Antonio Cano
Several hypotheses have been proposed to explain the negative effects of delayed motherhood on an offspring's morbidity later in life. However, these hypotheses are not supported by clinical and epidemiological evidence. Because advanced maternal age is associated with increased risk of obstetric complications, the aim of the present study was to ascertain whether the negative effects on offspring of intrauterine exposure to maternal age-related obstetric complications may explain the reported negative effects of delayed motherhood on offspring...
August 2017: Reproduction, Fertility, and Development
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29142770/placental-teratoma-omphalomesenteric-duct-remnant-or-intestinal-organoid-enteroid-differentiation-a-diagnostic-dilemma
#8
Salwa Khedr, Tarek Jazaerly, Stefan Kostadinov
We report an unusual case of fully developed fetal intestinal segment(s) within a nodule on the chorionic plate of the placenta of a 27-year-old female patient at 37 weeks gestation with spontaneous vaginal delivery. Gross examination of the placenta revealed a chorionic plate nodule near the insertion of the umbilical cord, which, upon microscopic evaluation, raised the differential diagnostic possibilities of placental teratoma, vitelline/omphalomesenteric duct anomaly, and intestinal organoid differentiation...
December 2017: Journal of Pediatric Genetics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29142763/array-characterization-of-prenatally-diagnosed-15q26-microdeletion-and-2q37-1-duplication-report-of-a-new-case-with-multicystic-kidneys-and-review-of-the-literature
#9
Molka Kammoun, Wafa Slimani, Hanene Hannachi, Mohamed Bibi, Ali Saad, Soumaya Mougou-Zerelli
We report on a molecular cytogenetic characterization of 15q26 deletion and 2q37.1 duplication in a fetus presenting with intrauterine growth restriction (IUGR), diaphragmatic hernia, multicystic kidneys, left kidney pyelectasis, and clubfeet. A terminal 15q26 deletion and a terminal 2q duplication of at least 10 and 9 Mb, respectively, derived from a maternal translocation, were found. The 15q26 deletion represents a contiguous gene deletion syndrome mainly characterized by IUGR, congenital diaphragmatic hernia, and less frequently kidney defects...
December 2017: Journal of Pediatric Genetics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29135270/-effectiveness-of-prenatal-ultrasound-in-fetal-and-neonatal-malformations-and-examination-of-difficulty-and-uncertainty-factors
#10
Fanni Rebeka Erős, Artúr Beke
INTRODUCTION AND AIM: The birth prevalence of congenital malformations is around 2-3%. The aim of this study was to examine the efficacy of ultrasound diagnostics in detecting congenital malformations. METHOD: We have processed the prenatal sonographic and postnatal clinical details of 1867 inborn abnormalities in 1200 fetuses over a 7-year period. RESULTS: The mean maternal age upon delivery/abortion was 29.96 ± 5.88 years. In 671 cases, the pregnancy concluded in delivery with a mean gestational age of 35...
November 2017: Orvosi Hetilap
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29129159/third-trimester-ultrasound-accuracy-and-delivery-outcome-in-obese-and-morbid-obese-pregnant-women
#11
Sawsan Al-Obaidly, Abdullah Al-Ibrahim, Najah Saleh, Mariam Al-Belushi, Zeena Al-Mansouri, Najat Khenyab
OBJECTIVE: Several studies have highlighted the negative impact of maternal obesity on ultrasound accuracy for fetal weight estimation (EFW). However, the evidence is conflicting. We aimed in our study to find if the ultrasound accuracy for fetal weight estimation would differ or decrease in obese and morbid obesity classes. In addition to study the mode of delivery within the same cohort. METHODS: It's a retrospective study of obese patients with recorded BMI ≥ 30 kg/m(2), class I and II (BMI 30-39...
November 12, 2017: Journal of Maternal-fetal & Neonatal Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29127956/minimally-invasive-fetal-surgery
#12
REVIEW
Claire E Graves, Michael R Harrison, Benjamin E Padilla
Fetal surgery corrects severe congenital anomalies in utero to prevent their severe consequences on fetal development. The significant risk of open fetal operations to the pregnant mother has driven innovation toward minimally invasive procedures that decrease the risks inherent to hysterotomy. In this article, we discuss the basic principles of minimally invasive fetal surgery, the general history of its development, specific conditions and procedures used to treat them, and the future of the field.
December 2017: Clinics in Perinatology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29122798/impact-of-prenatal-diagnosis-on-survival-of-newborns-with-four-congenital-heart-defects-a-prospective-population-based-cohort-study-in-france-the-epicard-study
#13
Babak Khoshnood, Nathalie Lelong, Lucile Houyel, Damien Bonnet, Morgane Ballon, Jean-Marie Jouannic, François Goffinet
OBJECTIVES: (1) Assess the population-level probability of prenatal diagnosis and termination of pregnancy for fetal anomaly for four major congenital heart defects; (2) Examine, using population-based data, the relation between timing of (prenatal vs postnatal) diagnosis and risk of infant (ie, < 1 year) mortality for four major congenital heart defects (CHDs). DESIGN: Population-based cohort (the EPIdémiologie des CARDiopathies congénitales) study. SETTING: Greater Paris area (Paris and its surrounding suburbs)...
November 8, 2017: BMJ Open
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29121006/origin-and-clinical-relevance-of-chromosomal-aberrations-other-than-the-common-trisomies-detected-by-genome-wide-nips-results-of-the-trident-study
#14
Diane Van Opstal, Merel C van Maarle, Klaske Lichtenbelt, Marjan M Weiss, Heleen Schuring-Blom, Shama L Bhola, Mariette J V Hoffer, Karin Huijsdens-van Amsterdam, Merryn V Macville, Angelique J A Kooper, Brigitte H W Faas, Lutgarde Govaerts, Gita M Tan-Sindhunata, Nicolette den Hollander, Ilse Feenstra, Robert-Jan H Galjaard, Dick Oepkes, Stijn Ghesquiere, Rutger W W Brouwer, Lean Beulen, Sander Bollen, Martin G Elferink, Roy Straver, Lidewij Henneman, Godelieve C Page-Christiaens, Erik A Sistermans
PurposeNoninvasive prenatal screening (NIPS) using cell-free DNA in maternal blood is highly sensitive for detecting fetal trisomies 21, 18, and 13. Using a genome-wide approach, other chromosome anomalies can also be detected. We report on the origin, frequency, and clinical significance of these other chromosome aberrations found in pregnancies at risk for trisomy 21, 18, or 13.MethodsWhole-genome shallow massively parallel sequencing was used and all autosomes were analyzed.ResultsIn 78 of 2,527 cases (3...
October 2, 2017: Genetics in Medicine: Official Journal of the American College of Medical Genetics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29119613/mri-and-us-in-the-evaluation-of-fetal-anomalies-the-need-to-work-together
#15
S Bernardo, A Giancotti, A Antonelli, G Rizzo, V Vinci, A Pizzuti, C Catalano, L Manganaro
PURPOSE: Real-time Virtual Sonography (RVS) is a new technique that synchronizes real-time ultrasonography (US) and multiplanar reconstructed Magnetic Resonance images (MRI). The purpose of this study was to evaluate the feasibility and ability of RVS to assess the main pathologies in fetuses with suspected US anomalies. METHOD AND MATERIALS: RVS (Hitachi, HI VISION Ascendus) was offered to 30 patients who had undergone Fetal MRI. The acquired MRI image dataset was loaded into the fusion system and displayed together with the real-time US image...
November 9, 2017: Prenatal Diagnosis
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29114796/maternal-%C3%AE-blocker-use-and-fetal-cardiac-anomalies-reply
#16
Ming-Sum Lee, Lewei Duan
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
November 1, 2017: JAMA Internal Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29114787/maternal-%C3%AE-blocker-use-and-fetal-cardiac-anomalies
#17
Elif Keskin-Arslan, Ali Akoz, Yusuf-Cem Kaplan
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
November 1, 2017: JAMA Internal Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29112520/maternal-diabetes-mellitus-and-genital-anomalies-in-male-offspring-a-nationwide-cohort-study-in-two-nordic-countries
#18
Linn Håkonsen Arendt, Morten Søndergaard Lindhard, Tine Brink Henriksen, Jørn Olsen, Sven Cnattingius, Gunnar Petersson, Erik Thorlund Parner, Cecilia Høst Ramlau-Hansen
BACKGROUND: Diabetes in pregnancy has been associated with an increased risk of congenital malformations overall, but studies on genital anomalies in boys are conflicting and possible causal mechanisms are not well understood. Previous studies have mainly assessed pre-gestational and gestational diabetes in combination. Yet considering the vulnerable time windows for the genital anomalies, associations could well differ between types of diabetes and between the two genital anomalies and we therefore aimed to study this further...
November 6, 2017: Epidemiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29108161/psychological-impact-of-abortion-due-to-fetal-anomaly-a-review-of-published-research
#19
Nora Sullivan, Eoghan de Faoite
Over the past several decades, prenatal testing for fetal anomalies has become standard across the developed world. Most women who learn of a severe anomaly during pregnancy elect to terminate. The authors reviewed ten studies which examined the psychological sequelae of pregnant women following prenatal diagnoses of severe life limiting conditions. Based on the available data, the authors found evidence that women who abort due to a poor prenatal diagnosis are at higher risk of post-traumatic stress and depression than women who continue with pregnancy...
2017: Issues in Law & Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29104027/risk-of-abnormal-fetal-growth-in-women-with-early-and-late-onset-preeclampsia
#20
Tai-Ho Hung, T'sang-T'ang Hsieh, Szu-Fu Chen
OBJECTIVES: To investigate the risks of delivering small-for-gestational-age (SGA) and large-for-gestational-age (LGA) infants in women with early- (delivered before 34weeks of gestation) and late-onset (delivered at or after 34weeks of gestation) preeclampsia. STUDY DESIGN: We conducted a retrospective cohort study of 29,494 singleton deliveries after 24weeks' gestation, excluding pregnancies complicated by fetal anomalies, stillbirths, and prepregnancy diabetes mellitus...
September 11, 2017: Pregnancy Hypertension
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