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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28088673/relationship-between-neonatal-gastroschisis-and-maternal-body-mass-index-in-a-united-kingdom-population
#1
Joann Hale, Abigail Derbyshire, Alexander Taylor, Clive Osmond, Diana Wellesley, David T Howe
OBJECTIVE: It has been reported that gastroschisis is associated with low maternal body mass index (BMI). We tested this hypothesis in the UK. STUDY DESIGN: We studied cases of gastroschisis ascertained from the regional fetal congenital anomaly register. We compared each affected mother with two controls from the birth register and maternity database. The first control was the next mother to deliver in the hospital, representing the normal population of mothers...
December 15, 2016: European Journal of Obstetrics, Gynecology, and Reproductive Biology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28077639/identification-of-a-continuous-neutralizing-epitope-within-ul128-of-human-cytomegalovirus
#2
Flavia Chiuppesi, Teodora Kaltcheva, Meng Zhuo, Peter A Barry, Don J Diamond, Felix Wussow
: As human cytomegalovirus (HCMV) is the most common infectious cause of fetal anomalies during pregnancy, developing a vaccine that prevents HCMV infection is considered a global health priority. Although HCMV immune correlates of protection are only poorly defined, neutralizing antibodies (NAb) targeting the envelope pentamer complex (PC) composed of subunits gH, gL, UL128, UL130, and UL131A are thought to contribute in preventing HCMV infection. Here, we describe a continuous target sequence within UL128 that is recognized by a previously isolated potent PC-specific NAb, termed 13B5...
January 11, 2017: Journal of Virology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28072479/reference-values-for-sonographically-estimated-fetal-weight-in-twin-gestations-stratified-by-chorionicity-a-single-center-study
#3
Rinat Gabbay-Benziv, Sarah Crimmins, Stephen A Contag
OBJECTIVES: To determine reference values for sonography-based estimated fetal weight (EFW) in twin gestations in one single tertiary medical center in the United States. METHODS: A retrospective longitudinal analysis of EFW evaluations of fetuses of twin gestations between November 2006 and June 2016. Fetuses with major congenital anomalies or chromosomal abnormalities were excluded. Estimated fetal weight was calculated using the Hadlock 1985 formula. Linear mixed models were used to allow for multiple but inconsistent observations among individuals, and to account for intertwin differences as well as for gender...
January 10, 2017: Journal of Ultrasound in Medicine: Official Journal of the American Institute of Ultrasound in Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28072476/aberrant-right-subclavian-artery-correlation-between-fetal-and-neonatal-abnormalities-and-abnormal-genetic-screening-or-testing
#4
Angela C Ranzini, Francine Hyman, Emily Jamaer, Tim van Mieghem
OBJECTIVES: To determine whether fetuses with an isolated aberrant course of the right subclavian artery (ARSA) have increased risk for chromosomal abnormalities, including trisomy 21 or 22q11 deletion. METHODS: We performed a retrospective chart review of all fetuses with antenatally diagnosed ARSA. Data were collected from fetal anatomic surveys, fetal echocardiograms, noninvasive trisomy 21 screening programs, invasive genetic studies, and neonatal records. RESULTS: Seventy-nine fetuses with ARSA were identified at 20...
January 10, 2017: Journal of Ultrasound in Medicine: Official Journal of the American Institute of Ultrasound in Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28070244/assessment-of-fetus-during-second-trimester-ultrasonography-using-hdlive-software-what-is-its-real-application-in-the-obstetrics-clinical-practice
#5
Gabriele Tonni, Gianpaolo Grisolia, Eduardo Félix Santana, Edward Araujo Júnior
AIM: To show imaging results from application of four-dimensional (4D) ultrasound lightening technique (HDlive™) in clinical obstetrics practice. METHODS: Normal and abnormal fetuses at second and third trimester of pregnancy undergoing routine scan with 4D HDlive™ (5DUS) in the rendering mode are described. Realistic features of fetal structures were provided by 5DUS in the rendering mode. Normal anatomy as well as pathology like cleft lip, hypoplastic face, micrognathia, low-set ears, corpus callosum, arthrogryposis, aortic arch, left congenital diaphragmatic hernia are highlighted in this study...
December 28, 2016: World Journal of Radiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28064563/embryotoxic-effects-of-poincianella-caesalpinia-pyramidalis-leaves-on-pregnant-rats
#6
Antônio Carlos L Câmara, Ivana Cristina N Gadelha, Márcio B Castro, Rosane Maria T Medeiros, Franklin Riet-Correa, Benito Soto-Blanco
We investigated the embryotoxic and fetotoxic effects of Poincianella pyramidalis (Tul.) L.P. Queiroz (syn. Caesalpinia pyramidalis Tul.) leaves on pregnant rats ( Rattus norvegicus). Pregnant rats were divided into 4 groups: G1-fed a ration containing 5% P. pyramidalis leaves beginning on day 1 of pregnancy; G2-fed a ration containing 5% P. pyramidalis leaves commencing on day 6 of pregnancy; G3-fed a ration containing 10% P. pyramidalis leaves starting on day 6 of pregnancy; G4-control group. On day 21 of pregnancy, parameters of reproductive performance were recorded...
January 1, 2017: Journal of Veterinary Diagnostic Investigation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28064548/amniotic-fluid-sludge-prevalence-and-clinical-significans-of-it-in-asymptomatic-patients-at-high-risk-for-spontaneous-preterm-delivery
#7
Ilknur Adanir, Ozgur Ozyuncu, Ayse Filiz Gokmen Karasu, Lutfu S Onderoglu
INTRODUCTION: The aim of our study is to determine prevalence and clinical significance of the presence of amniotic fluid 'sludge' among asymptomatic patients at high-risk for spontaneous preterm delivery, prospectively. MATERIAL AND METHODS: In our study, 99 patients at high risk for spontaneous preterm delivery were evaluated for the presence of amniotic fluid sludge with transvaginal ultrasonography at 20-22., 26-28. and 32-34. gestational weeks, prospectively; between August 2009 and October 2010 in Hacettepe University Hospital...
January 8, 2017: Journal of Maternal-fetal & Neonatal Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28061423/correlation-between-fetal-autopsy-and-prenatal-diagnosis-by-ultrasound-a-systematic-review
#8
REVIEW
A Cristina Rossi, Federico Prefumo
: The objective of this study was to review literature about the correlation between fetal autopsy and ultrasound findings of fetal malformations. Search in PubMed, Medline, EMBASE, Clinicl trials.org, reference list was performed. Inclusion criteria for studies selection were: fetal autopsy performed after termination of pregnancy (TOP) or stillbirth, TOP for fetal anomalies, prenatal diagnosis of malformations, data reported as proportional rates. EXCLUSION CRITERIA: case reports, non English language, data reported in graphs or percentage...
December 29, 2016: European Journal of Obstetrics, Gynecology, and Reproductive Biology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28059843/clinically-relevant-female-genital-tract-anomalies
#9
Mary E Christiansen, Laura Detti
Müllerian anomalies are defined as congenital uterine malformations that arise from improperly developing Müllerian ducts. These malformations have a variety of presentations ranging from asymptomatic to amenorrhea, dyspareunia, dysmenorrhea, chronic pelvic pain, pregnancy loss, fetal malpresentation, placental abruption, and intrauterine growth restriction. In this review, we discuss the clinical implications, diagnosis, and treatment of the various Müllerian anomalies focusing on the ones for which clinical intervention is amenable to improve pregnancy outcomes...
January 4, 2017: Clinical Obstetrics and Gynecology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28059712/fetal-brain-anomalies-associated-with-ventriculomegaly-or-asymmetry-an-mri-based-study
#10
E Barzilay, O Bar-Yosef, S Dorembus, R Achiron, E Katorza
BACKGROUND AND PURPOSE: Fetal lateral ventriculomegaly is a relatively common finding with much debate over its clinical significance. The purpose of this study was to examine the association between ventriculomegaly and asymmetry and concomitant CNS findings as seen in fetal brain MR imaging. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Fetal brain MR imaging performed for various indications, including ventriculomegaly, with or without additional ultrasound findings, was assessed for possible inclusion...
November 10, 2016: AJNR. American Journal of Neuroradiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28058487/fetal-surgery-a-critical-review
#11
REVIEW
H Kitagawa, K C Pringle
Therapeutic fetal surgical procedures are predicated upon the ability to make an accurate fetal diagnosis. The earliest open fetal surgical procedures were introduced in the 1960s to treat Rh isoimmunisation. They were introduced when it became possible to predict impending fetal demise. Open procedures were abandoned when percutaneous approaches proved superior. The introduction of fetal ultrasound allowed the diagnosis of other congenital anomalies, some being amenable to fetal interventions. Open fetal surgical procedures were initially utilised, with significant maternal morbidity...
January 5, 2017: Pediatric Surgery International
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28056858/the-impact-of-national-prenatal-screening-on-the-time-of-diagnosis-and-outcome-of-pregnancies-affected-with-common-trisomies-a-cohort-study-in-the-northern-netherlands
#12
Katelijne Bouman, Marian K Bakker, Erwin Birnie, Lies Ter Beek, Caterina M Bilardo, Irene M van Langen, Hermien E K de Walle
BACKGROUND: To evaluate the impact of the introduction of prenatal screening on time of detection and pregnancy outcome for trisomy 21 (T21), trisomy 18 (T18) and trisomy 13 (T13). METHODS: We performed a retrospective, population-based cohort study in the Northern Netherlands including 503 trisomy cases born between 2005 and 2012. Screening tests and invasive procedures, timing of diagnosis and pregnancy outcome were compared between the period before (2005-2006) and after introduction (2007-2012) using X (2) tests...
January 5, 2017: BMC Pregnancy and Childbirth
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28054230/tumor-necrosis-factor-alpha-and-pregnancy-focus-on-biologics-an-updated-and-comprehensive-review
#13
REVIEW
Jaume Alijotas-Reig, Enrique Esteve-Valverde, Raquel Ferrer-Oliveras, Elisa Llurba, Josep Maria Gris
Tumor necrosis factor-α (TNF-α) is a central regulator of inflammation, and TNF-α antagonists may be effective in treating inflammatory disorders in which TNF-α plays a major pathogenic role. TNF-α has also been associated with inflammatory mechanisms related to implantation, placentation, and pregnancy outcome. TNF-α is secreted by immune cells and works by binding to TNFR1 and TNFR2 cell receptors. TNF-α is also related to JAK/STAT pathways, which opens up hypothetical new targets for modifying. The accurate balance between Th1 cytokines, mainly TNF-α, Th17, and Th2, particularly IL-10 is essential to achieve good obstetric outcomes...
January 4, 2017: Clinical Reviews in Allergy & Immunology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28040135/pallister-killian-syndrome-cytogenetics-and-molecular-investigations-of-mosaic-tetrasomy-12p-in-prenatal-chorionic-villus-and-in-amniocytes-strategy-of-prenatal-diagnosis
#14
Francesco Libotte, Domenico Bizzoco, Ivan Gabrielli, Alvaro Mesoraca, Pietro Cignini, Salvatore Giovanni Vitale, Ilaria Marilli, Ferdinando Antonio Gulino, Agnese Maria Chiara Rapisarda, Claudio Giorlandino
OBJECTIVE: Pallister-Killian syndrome (PKS) is a rare, sporadic genetic disorder caused by mosaic tetrasomy of the short arm of chromosome 12 (12p). Clinically, PKS is characterized by several systemic abnormalities, such as intellectual impairment, hearing loss, epilepsy, hypotonia, craniofacial dysmorphism, pigmentary skin anomalies, epilepsy, and a variety of congenital malformations. Prenatally, PKS can be suspected in the presence of ultrasound anomalies: diaphragmatic hernia, rhizomelic micromelia, hydrops fetalis, fetal overweight, ventriculomegaly in the central nervous system, congenital heart defects, or absent visualization of the stomach...
December 2016: Taiwanese Journal of Obstetrics & Gynecology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28040117/skeletal-dysplasia-with-bowing-long-bones-proposed-flowchart-for-prenatal-diagnosis-with-case-demonstration
#15
Gabriele Tonni, Marcella Palmisano, Mario Lituania, Gianpaolo Grisolia, Ave Maria Baffico, Maria Paola Bonasoni, Pierpaolo Pattacini, Claudio De Felice, Edward Araujo Júnior
OBJECTIVE: Skeletal dysplasia with bowing long bones is a rare group of multiple characterized congenital anomalies. MATERIALS AND METHODS: We introduce a simple, practical diagnostic flowchart that may be helpful in identifying the appropriate pathway of obstetrical management. RESULTS: Herein, we describe four fetal cases of bent bony dysplasia that focus on ultrasound findings, phenotype, molecular tests, distinctive X-ray features, and chondral growth plate histology...
December 2016: Taiwanese Journal of Obstetrics & Gynecology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28029229/on-site-test-to-detect-syphilis-in-pregnancy-a-systematic-review-of-test-accuracy-studies
#16
REVIEW
E Rogozińska, L Kara-Newton, J R Zamora, K S Khan
BACKGROUND: Syphilis in pregnancy can lead to fetal and neonatal death or congenital anomalies. Accurate on-site tests are an essential part of effective prevention of mother-to-child transmission of the disease. OBJECTIVE: This systematic review assessed the accuracy of on-site tests to detect infection with Treponema pallidum in pregnant women. SEARCH STRATEGY: Major databases were searched from inception to January 2016 using terms: 'pregnancy', 'antenatal', 'syphilis', 'Treponema pallidum' with their variations, and the search limit for the relevant study design...
December 28, 2016: BJOG: An International Journal of Obstetrics and Gynaecology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28026852/altered-topography-of-systemic-veins-following-lung-tissue-resection-the-effect-on-de-novo-cardiac-implantable-electronic-device-cied-implantation
#17
Roman Steckiewicz, Elżbieta Barbara Świętoń, Katarzyna Rowińska-Berman, Przemysław Stolarz
Venous anomalies discovered on cardiac implantable electronic device (CIED) implantation may hinder both the insertion of cardiac leads and the selection of their optimal intraventricular placement. Such venous anomalies may be a result of congenital vascular defects, e.g. anomalies of the fetal venous system, or be a consequence of earlier cardio- or thoracosurgical procedures. In the case of the latter, the extent of morphometric changes to mediastinal structures may depend on the extent of prior lung tissue resection...
December 27, 2016: Folia Morphologica (Warsz)
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28025631/amniotic-band-syndrome-perinatal-hospice-and-palliative-care-versus-active-management
#18
Shadi Rezai, Justin Faye, Annika Chadee, Sri Gottimukkala, Ruchi Upadhyay, Carla Lara, Benamanahalli H Rajegowda, Andrew D Corwin, Rasila V Lala, Jessica Vernon, Dilfuza Nuritdinova, Stephen Chasen, Cassandra E Henderson
Introduction. Amniotic band syndrome and sequence are a relatively rare condition in which congenital anomalies occur as a result of the adherence and entrapment of fetal parts with coarse fibrous bands of the amniotic membrane. A large percentage of reported cases have an atypical gestational history. The frequency of this obstetric complication is not affected by fetal gender, genetic abnormality, or prenatal infection. Case. A 21-year-old, G1P0 female parturient at 18 weeks and 5 days with a single intrauterine gestation during a routine ultrasound evaluation was noted to have amniotic band sequence...
2016: Case Reports in Obstetrics and Gynecology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28010037/the-added-value-of-detailed-early-anomaly-scan-in-fetuses-with-increased-nuchal-translucency
#19
Yaron Zalel, Roni Zemet, Zvi Kivilevich
OBJECTIVE: To assess the utility of a detailed early fetal anatomy scan prior to karyotyping in the management of pregnancies with an increased nuchal translucency (NT). METHODS: The study included fetuses with NT above the 99(th) centile. These women were offered the option of an early detailed fetal anatomy scan prior to genetic evaluation. The presence or absence of major sonographic findings was analyzed for its predictive value for fetal aneuploidy. RESULTS: An increased NT >99(th) centile was detected in 43 fetuses (1...
December 23, 2016: Prenatal Diagnosis
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28005137/adverse-fetal-and-neonatal-outcome-and-an-abnormal-vertebral-pattern-a-systematic-review
#20
Pauline Christine Schut, Titia E Cohen-Overbeek, Frietson Galis, Clara M A Ten Broek, Eric A Steegers, Alex J Eggink
Importance: The human vertebral column has a stable number of vertebrae and ribs, which is presumably the result of evolutionary selection. An association between an abnormal vertebral pattern, especially in the cervical region, and congenital anomalies or adverse fetal outcome has been reported. Objective: The aim of this study was to review the current literature concerning an abnormal vertebral pattern and prevalence of cervical ribs in healthy subjects and in subjects with adverse outcome...
December 2016: Obstetrical & Gynecological Survey
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