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Chao Wang, Zhi-Yi Hu, Heng Zhao, Wenbei Yu, Sijia Wu, Jing Liu, Lihua Chen, Yu Li, Bao-Lian Su
We report three types of conducting polymers (CPs), polyaniline (PANI), polypyrrole (PPY) and poly (3,4-ethylenedioxythiophene) (PEDOT) to modify the surface of the CdS nanorods to probe their photocorrosion inhibition and photocatalytic hydrogen production. Various characterizations, such as high resolution transmission electron microscopy (HRTEM), X-ray photoelectron spectroscopy (XPS), cyclic voltammetry (CV) and density function theory (DFT) calculations have been conducted to reveal the intrinsic structure of the as-constructed CPs@CdS (@ means CPs at the surface of CdS) core-shell nanorods...
March 6, 2018: Journal of Colloid and Interface Science
Melissa P Woodard, Scott T Akin, Collin J Dibble, Michael A Duncan
Ultra-small chromium oxide nanoclusters produced by laser vaporization in a fast flowtube reactor are ligand-coated by gas phase reactions with acetonitrile vapor and then captured in a cold trap and transferred to solution. The resulting clusters are characterized with mass spectrometry, UV-visible absorption and emission, infrared spectroscopy, and surface-enhanced Raman spectroscopy (SERS). According to mass spectrometry, clusters of the form CrxOy(MeCN)z are produced in the size range of x  10 and y < 25...
March 15, 2018: Journal of Physical Chemistry. A
Venkata Rajesh Yella, Aditya Kumar, Manju Bansal
Transcription is an intricate mechanism and is orchestrated at the promoter region. The cognate motifs in the promoters are observed in only a subset of total genes across different domains of life. Hence, sequence-motif based promoter prediction may not be a holistic approach for whole genomes. Conversely, the DNA structural property, duplex stability is a characteristic of promoters and can be used to delineate them from other genomic sequences. In this study, we have used a DNA duplex stability based algorithm 'PromPredict' for promoter prediction in a broad range of eukaryotes, representing various species of yeast, worm, fly, fish, and mammal...
March 14, 2018: Scientific Reports
Francesco Manzoni, Ulf Ryde
We have calculated relative binding affinities for eight tetrafluorophenyl-triazole-thiogalactoside inhibitors of galectin-3 with the alchemical free-energy perturbation approach. We obtain a mean absolute deviation from experimental estimates of only 2-3 kJ/mol and a correlation coefficient (R2 ) of 0.5-0.8 for seven relative affinities spanning a range of up to 11 kJ/mol. We also studied the effect of using different methods to calculate the charges of the inhibitor and different sizes of the perturbed group (the atoms that are described by soft-core potentials and are allowed to have differing coordinates)...
March 13, 2018: Journal of Computer-aided Molecular Design
Lige Huang, Yuanyuan Li, Man Zhao, Yuanqing Chao, Rongliang Qiu, Yanhua Yang, Shizhong Wang
To explore the effect of different biochars on Cassia alata L. growth and heavy metal immobilization in multi-metal mine tailings, a 100-day pot experiment was conducted. Three biochars derived from Hibiscus cannabinus core (HB), sewage sludge (SB) and chicken manure (MB), were added to mine tailings at rates of 0.4%, 1% and 3% ( w / w ). The results showed that the root biomass, shoot biomass, plant height and root length were 1.2-2.8, 1.7-3.2, 1-1.5 and 1.6-3.3 times of those in the control group, respectively...
March 12, 2018: International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health
Rampalli Viswa Chandra, Neeraja Suvvari, Aileni Amarender Reddy
PURPOSE: The aim of this study was to clinically and radiographically compare the trephine core procedure and the bone-added osteotome sinus floor elevation technique in the augmentation of the sinus floor. MATERIALS AND METHODS: A single site in each subject requiring sinus augmentation where the residual bone height was ~4 mm was randomly allocated to either the trephine core procedure or the bone-added osteotome sinus floor elevation technique. Measures of bone fill and bone height were also acquired through scans from cone beam computed tomography obtained before the sinus augmentation procedure (baseline) and before implant placement at approximately 6 months postoperatively...
March 2018: International Journal of Oral & Maxillofacial Implants
Yuchuan Chen, Hang Gao, Xu Wang, Dongming Guo, Ziyuan Liu
Laser induced damage threshold (LIDT) is an important optical indicator for nonlinear Potassium Dihydrogen Phosphate (KDP) crystal used in high power laser systems. In this study, KDP optical crystals are initially machined with single point diamond turning (SPDT), followed by water dissolution ultra-precision polishing (WDUP) and then tested with 355 nm nanosecond pulsed-lasers. Power spectral density (PSD) analysis shows that WDUP process eliminates the laser-detrimental spatial frequencies band of micro-waviness on SPDT machined surface and consequently decreases its modulation effect on the laser beams...
March 13, 2018: Materials
Marie Pariollaud, Julie Gibbs, Thomas Hopwood, Sheila Brown, Nicola Begley, Ryan Vonslow, Toryn Poolman, Baoqiang Guo, Ben Saer, D Heulyn Jones, James P Tellam, Stefano Bresciani, Nicholas Co Tomkinson, Justyna Wojno-Picon, Anthony Wj Cooper, Dion A Daniels, Ryan P Trump, Daniel Grant, William Zuercher, Timothy M Willson, Andrew S MacDonald, Brian Bolognese, Patricia L Podolin, Yolanda Sanchez, Andrew Si Loudon, David W Ray
Recent studies reveal that airway epithelial cells are critical pulmonary circadian pacemaker cells, mediating rhythmic inflammatory responses. Using mouse models, we now identify the rhythmic circadian repressor REV-ERB as essential to the mechanism coupling the pulmonary clock to innate immunity, involving both myeloid, and bronchial epithelial cells in temporal gating and determining amplitude of response to inhaled endotoxin. Dual mutation of REV-ERBα and its paralog REV-ERBβ in bronchial epithelia further augmented inflammatory responses and chemokine activation, but also initiated a basal inflammatory state, revealing a critical homeostatic role for REV-ERB proteins in the suppression of the endogenous pro-inflammatory mechanism in un-challenged cells...
March 13, 2018: Journal of Clinical Investigation
Xiaoyu Wang, Yuan Zhao, Xiaoxue Jiang, Lijun Liu, Xue Li, Huixian Li, Wenyan Liang
Plant polyphenol (PP), a natural polymer from the Larix gmelinii, was selected as the surfactant to synthesize Fe3 O4 . The Fe3 O4 -PP composite was prepared by in-situ self-assembly in solvothermal synthesis, and characterized using FE-SEM, TEM, XRD, FTIR, XPS, TGA, and VSM. The harvesting efficiency of Chlorella vulgaris was investigated under different parameters, including algal organic matter, dosage, and pH. The results showed that the core-shell sphere of Fe3 O4 -PP (∼150 nm) was coated by ∼50 nm PP with a saturated magnetization of 40...
March 10, 2018: Journal of Environmental Management
Van Luan Pham, Do-Gun Kim, Seok-Oh Ko
A core-shell nanostructure composed of zero-valent Cu (core) and Fe3 O4 (shell) (Cu@Fe3 O4 ) was prepared by a simple reduction method and was evaluated for the degradation of oxytetracycline (OTC), an antibiotic. The Cu core and the Fe3 O4 shell were verified by X-ray diffractometry (XRD) and transmission electron microscopy. The optimal molar ratio of [Cu]/[Fe] (1/1) in Cu@Fe3 O4 created an outstanding synergic effect, leading to >99% OTC degradation as well as H2 O2 decomposition within 10min at the reaction conditions of 1g/L Cu@Fe3 O4 , 20mg/L OTC, 20mM H2 O2 , and pH3...
March 10, 2018: Science of the Total Environment
Farzad Seidi, Ratchapol Jenjob, Daniel Crespy
Incorporating labile bonds inside polymer backbone and side chains yields interesting polymer materials that are responsive to change of environmental stimuli. Drugs can be conjugated to various polymers through different conjugation linkages and spacers. One of the key factors influencing the release profile of conjugated drugs is the hydrolytic stability of the conjugated linkage. Generally, the hydrolysis of acid-labile linkages, including acetal, imine, hydrazone, and to some extent β-thiopropionate, are relatively fast and the conjugated drug can be completely released in the range of several hours to a few days...
March 13, 2018: Chemical Reviews
Lesley J Scott
Intravenous ferric carboxymaltose (Ferinject® ; Injectafer® ) is a colloidal solution of nanoparticles which consist of a polynuclear iron (III)-(oxyhydr)oxide core stabilized by carboxymaltose and may be given as a single high-dose, 15-min infusion. This article reviews the clinical use of ferric carboxymaltose in various patient populations with iron deficiency (ID) [± anaemia] and briefly summarizes its pharmacological properties. Based on extensive experience in the clinical trial and real-world settings, ferric carboxymaltose is an effective and generally well tolerated treatment for rapidly replenishing iron stores and correcting anaemia in patients with ID (± anaemia) of various aetiologies, including patients with chronic heart failure (CHF), chronic kidney disease, inflammatory bowel disease or perioperative anaemia, and women with ID during pregnancy, postpartum or associated with heavy uterine bleeding...
March 12, 2018: Drugs
Wei-Kun Meng, Lu Liu, Xia Wang, Ru-Song Zhao, Ming-Lin Wang, Jin-Ming Lin
The high performance separation and pre-concentration of polar phenols from aqueous matrices is difficult because of the strong interactions between phenols and water molecules. Conjugated microporous polymers (CMPs) are a kind of novel porous organic materials. Polyphenylene core-conjugated microporous polymers (PPc-CMPs) were used as a novel coating material in the solid-phase microextraction of polar phenols in water samples for the first time. The novel PPc-CMPs fibers exhibited good thermal stability (>450 °C), high enrichment factors (519-2372), low limits of detection (0...
July 26, 2018: Analytica Chimica Acta
Dechao Xu, Jiayi Lv, Liangliang He, Lili Fu, Ruikun Hu, Ying Cao, Changlin Mei
Polarity complexes, including the PAR (Partitioning-defective), CRB (Crumbs) and SCRIB (Scribble) complexes, are required for the physiologic establishment, stabilization, and maintenance of a functional apical-basolateral polarity. Inactivation of some of the polarity complexes results in cystic kidneys, and apical-basolateral polarity defects are commonly observed in autosomal-dominant polycystic kidney disease (ADPKD); however, little is known about the role that polarity complexes play in ADPKD. Here, we demonstrate that Scribble, a core protein of the SCRIB complex, is down-regulated in ADPKD cell lines and the zebrafish model of this disease ( pkd2 morphants)...
March 12, 2018: FASEB Journal: Official Publication of the Federation of American Societies for Experimental Biology
Yongbing Lou, Yake Zhang, Lin Cheng, Jinxi Chen, Yixin Zhao
he localized surface plasmon resonance (LSPR) effect has been widely utilized in photocatalysis, but most reported LSPR materials are based on noble metals of Au or Ag with high chemical stability. The plasmonic Cu nanoparticles exhibiting LSPR absorbance locating at 600 nm are promising for lots of applications such as photocatalysis. Unfortunately, plasmonic Cu nanoparticles are bothered by their serious surface oxidation in air. Herein, a novel lollipop-shaped Cu@Cu2O/ZnO heterojunction nanostructure was designed, for the first time, to stabilize the plasmonic Cu core by decorating ZnO nanorods onto Cu@Cu2O core-shell structures...
March 12, 2018: ChemSusChem
Ouyang Wang, Lei Wang, Zhaohan Li, Qiulei Xu, Qingli Lin, Hongzhe Wang, Zuliang Du, Huaibin Shen, Lin Song Li
We report a facile and robust synthesis of ZnCdS core/shell quantum dots (QDs) with thick Cdx Zn1-x S (x = constant) uniform alloys as an intermediate shell which can provide effective confinement of excitons within the ZnCdS cores and ultrathin ZnS outermost shell to improve the stability by epitaxial growth at a relatively high temperature. The resulting nearly monodisperse ZnCdS/Cdx Zn1-x S/ZnS core/shell QDs have high photoluminescence quantum yield (near to 100%) and high color purity (full width at half maximum (FWHM) < 18 nm)...
March 12, 2018: Nanoscale
Junzhe Li, Shaohua Luo, Xueyong Ding, Qing Wang, Ping He
In the efforts towards the rapidly increasing demands for high-power application, the cathode materials with three-dimensional (3D) architectures have been proposed. Here, we report the construction of the 3D LiAlO2-LiMnPO4/C cathode materials for lithium ion batteries in an innovation way. The as-prepared 3D active materials LiMnPO4/C and the honeycomb-like Li-ion conductor LiAlO2 framework are used as working electrode directly without additional usage of polymeric binder. The electrochemical performance has been improved significantly due to the special designed core-shell architectures of LiMnPO4/C@LiAlO2...
March 12, 2018: ACS Applied Materials & Interfaces
Vincenzo Mirabello, Fernando Cortezon-Tamarit, Sofia I Pascu
Hypoxia has been identified as one of the hallmarks of tumor environments and a prognosis factor in many cancers. The development of ideal chemical probes for imaging and sensing of hypoxia remains elusive. Crucial characteristics would include a measurable response to subtle variations of pO2 in living systems and an ability to accumulate only in the areas of interest (e.g., targeting hypoxia tissues) whilst exhibiting kinetic stabilities in vitro and in vivo . A sensitive probe would comprise platforms for applications in imaging and therapy for non-communicable diseases (NCDs) relying on sensitive detection of pO2 ...
2018: Frontiers in Chemistry
Yanxue Liu, Kefeng Liu, Xiaomin Li, Shangzhen Xiao, Dan Zheng, Pengbo Zhu, Chunxiao Li, Jing Liu, Jing He, Jiandu Lei, Luying Wang
The application of non-toxic carriers to increase drug loading, multi-drug delivery, and extremely small size of nano-drugs to construct a tremendous transmission system is the goal for all researchers to be pursued. The proposal of natural pectin nano-platform for delivery of multiple drugs is critical for biomedical research, especially a particle size of below 100nm with high yield. Here we design a new core-shell structure pectin-eight-arm polyethylene glycol-ursolic acid/hydrooxycampothecin nanoparticle (Pec-8PUH NPs) through a special self-assembly method for stabilizing and dispersing particles, improving water-solubility, and achieving drug controlled release...
May 1, 2018: Materials Science & Engineering. C, Materials for Biological Applications
M Rezaa Mohammadi, Andrey V Malkovskiy, Preetha Jothimuthu, Kwang-Min Kim, Mansi Parekh, Mohammed Inayathullah, Yan Zhuge, Jayakumar Rajadas
Despite preliminary confidence on biosafety of polymer coated iron oxide nanoparticles (SPIONs), toxicity concerns have hampered their clinical translation. SPIONs toxicity is known to be due to catalytic activity of their surface and release of toxic Fe ions originating from the core biodegradation, leading to the generation of reactive oxygen species (ROS). Here, we hypothesized that a double-layer polymeric corona comprising of dextran as an interior, and polyethylene glycol (PEG) as an exterior layer better shields the core SPIONs...
March 9, 2018: Scientific Reports
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