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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28809754/associations-of-built-environment-and-children-s-physical-activity-a-narrative-review
#1
Houshmand E Masoumi
PROBLEM: Childhood obesity has been an epidemic particularly in high-income countries. There is a considerable volume of data and studies depicting the rising number of obese children and adolescents in different countries. As suggested by the literature, physical inactivity is one the main drivers of childhood obesity. This paper addresses the associations of the built environment with physical activity of children in order to find to theoretically facilitate intervention and prevention measures...
August 15, 2017: Reviews on Environmental Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28771177/direct-observation-of-dog-density-and-composition-during-street-counts-as-a-resource-efficient-method-of-measuring-variation-in-roaming-dog-populations-over-time-and-between-locations
#2
Elly Hiby, Lex Hiby
Dog population management is conducted in many countries to address the public health risks from roaming dogs and threats to their welfare. To assess its effectiveness, we need to monitor indicators from both the human and dog populations that are quick and easy to collect, precise and meaningful to intervention managers, donors and local citizens. We propose that the most appropriate indicators from the roaming dog population are population density and composition, based on counting dogs along standard routes using a standard survey protocol...
August 3, 2017: Animals: An Open Access Journal From MDPI
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28767993/physical-activity-in-brazil-lessons-from-elsa-brasil-narrative-review
#3
Francisco José Gondim Pitanga, Maria Conceição Chagas Almeida, Ciro Oliveira Queiroz, Estela Maria Leão de Aquino, Sheila Maria Alvim Matos
CONTEXT AND OBJECTIVE: The Brazilian Longitudinal Study of Adult Health (ELSA-Brasil) was conducted among civil servants at six higher education institutions located in six Brazilian state capitals. The objective of this review was to identify the publications produced within the scope of ELSA-Brasil that analyzed the participants' physical activity. DESIGN AND SETTING: Review study using baseline data from ELSA-Brasil. METHODS: Narrative review of Brazilian studies on physical activity produced using data from ELSA-Brasil participants...
July 2017: São Paulo Medical Journal, Revista Paulista de Medicina
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28752743/trends-in-active-commuting-to-school-among-czech-schoolchildren-from-2006-to-2014
#4
Jan Pavelka, Dagmar Sigmundová, Zdeněk Hamřík, Michal Kalman, Erik Sigmund, Frida Mathisen
OBJECTIVE: Active commuting (AC) is an important factor in increasing the total daily physical activity (PA) in children, which is significant for their health and positive physical behaviour in adulthood. The objective of the study was to describe trends in active commuting to school among Czech girls and boys aged 11-15 years from 2006 to 2014, using data from the Health Behaviour in School-aged Children (HBSC) study. METHODS: To investigate trends in AC among Czech children of school age data obtained from the HBSC surveys carried out in 2006, 2010, and 2014 was used...
July 2017: Central European Journal of Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28752024/local-environment-and-social-factors-in-primary-school-children-s-afterschool-commute-in-china
#5
John Zacharias, Bai Zhen, Xili Han, Yunshi Huang
The rapid decline in young children's active commutes to and from school has prompted investigations into ways to raise activity levels. The period after school is recognized as very important in the daily activity regime of primary school children. In this study, we examine the relative effects of local environmental factors and socio-economic status on children's after-school commute mode choice. Environmental factors are pedestrian priority streets, street intersection density, motorways, shops, and play spaces...
September 2017: Preventive Medicine Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28751124/leisure-time-physical-activity-in-young-adults-born-preterm
#6
Marjaana Tikanmäki, Nina Kaseva, Tuija Tammelin, Marika Sipola-Leppänen, Hanna-Maria Matinolli, Johan G Eriksson, Marjo-Riitta Järvelin, Marja Vääräsmäki, Eero Kajantie
OBJECTIVE: To evaluate the amount of self-reported physical activity in young adults born prematurely compared with those born at term. STUDY DESIGN: Unimpaired participants of the Preterm Birth Study (Preterm Birth and Early Life Programming of Adult Health and Disease) birth cohort study were studied at age 23.3 ± 1.2 (SD) years: 118 born early preterm (<34 weeks), 210 late preterm (34-36 weeks), and 311 born at term (≥37 weeks, controls). The participants completed a validated 30-item, 12-month physical activity questionnaire...
July 24, 2017: Journal of Pediatrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28741451/perceived-neighborhood-environmental-characteristics-and-different-types-of-physical-activity-among-brazilian-adolescents
#7
Gerfeson Mendonça, Alex Antonio Florindo, Cassiano Ricardo Rech, Delma Katiana Silva de Freitas, José Cazuza de Farias Júnior
Little is known about the association between environmental characteristics and types of physical activity in adolescents in a Latin American context. The aim of this study was to examine the association between perceived neighborhood environmental characteristics and different types of physical activity in 2,874 adolescents from Joao Pessoa, Paraiba State, Northeastern Brazil. The types of activity measured by questionnaire (≥10 min/day) included sports, physical exercises, active commuting and recreational activities...
July 25, 2017: Journal of Sports Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28693547/longitudinal-associations-between-built-environment-characteristics-and-changes-in-active-commuting
#8
Lin Yang, Simon Griffin, Kay-Tee Khaw, Nick Wareham, Jenna Panter
BACKGROUND: Few studies have assessed the predictors of changes in commuting. This study investigated the associations between physical environmental characteristics and changes in active commuting. METHODS: Adults from the population-based European Prospective Investigation into Cancer (EPIC)-Norfolk cohort self-reported commuting patterns in 2000 and 2007. Active commuters were defined as those who reported 'always' or 'usually' walking or cycling to work. Environmental attributes around the home and route were assessed using Geographical Information Systems...
May 17, 2017: BMC Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28692608/is-active-commuting-to-work-related-to-work-performance-among-male-office-workers
#9
Yamato Tsuboi, Shunsuke Murata, Rei Ono
OBJECTIVE: This study aimed to elucidate the association between active commuting to work (ACW) and work performance among male office workers. METHODS: This cross-sectional study included 331 male office workers (age 44.0 ± 11.5 years), with ACW assessed on a self-reported questionnaire and then categorized into non-ACW (0 to 19 minutes) and ACW (≥20 minutes). Work performance [World Health Organization Health and Work Performance Questionnaire (HPQ)] was categorized as high (≥50) and low (<50)...
August 2017: Journal of Occupational and Environmental Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28679793/light-oiling-of-feathers-increases-flight-energy-expenditure-in-a-migratory-shorebird
#10
Ivan Maggini, Lisa V Kennedy, Alexander Macmillan, Kyle H Elliott, Karen Dean, Christopher G Guglielmo
Flying birds depend on their feathers to undertake most activities, and maintain them in peak condition through periodic molt and frequent preening. Even small exposures to crude oil reduce the integrity of feathers, and could impair flight performance. We trained wild western sandpipers (Calidris mauri) to perform endurance flights in a wind tunnel, and used magnetic resonance body composition analysis to measure energy expenditure after birds were exposed to weathered MC252 crude oil from the Deepwater Horizon oil spill...
July 1, 2017: Journal of Experimental Biology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28679486/anti-inflammatory-effects-of-active-commuting-and-leisure-time-exercise-in-overweight-and-obese-women-and-men-a-randomized-controlled-trial
#11
Anne Sofie Gram, Else-Marie Bladbjerg, Jonas Salling Quist, Martin Bæk Petersen, Mads Rosenkilde, Bente Stallknecht
BACKGROUND AND AIMS: Physical inactivity is linked to low-grade inflammation, endothelial dysfunction and cardiovascular disease. We aimed to determine effects of active commuting and leisure time exercise on markers of low-grade inflammation and endothelial function in overweight and obese women and men. METHODS: We randomized 130 younger (20-45 years), physically inactive, healthy, overweight and obese (BMI: 25-35 kg/m(2)) women and men recruited from the Copenhagen area, Denmark, to either 6 months of habitual lifestyle (CON, n = 18), active commuting (BIKE, n = 35), or leisure time exercise of moderate (MOD, ∼50% VO2peak, n = 39) or vigorous intensity (VIG, ∼70% VO2peak, n = 38)...
June 28, 2017: Atherosclerosis
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28673270/built-environment-and-physical-activity-domain-and-activity-specific-associations-among-brazilian-adolescents
#12
Inácio Crochemore Mohnsam da Silva, Adriano Akira Hino, Adalberto Lopes, Ulf Ekelund, Soren Brage, Helen Gonçalves, Ana B Menezes, Rodrigo Siqueira Reis, Pedro Curi Hallal
BACKGROUND: Physical activity is likely to be determined as a complex interplay between personal, interpersonal, and environmental factors. Studying the built environment involves expanding the focus from the individual perspective to a public health one. Therefore, the objetive of this study was to examine the association between the built environment and objectively-measured physical activity among youth. METHODS: Cross-sectional analysis of data from of a Brazilian birth cohort during adolescence...
July 3, 2017: BMC Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28669199/physical-activity-and-obesity-is-there-a-difference-in-association-between-the-asian-and-african-surinamese-adult-population
#13
Se-Sergio M Baldew, Frederieke S Diemer, Veronique Cornelissen, Glenn P Oehlers, Lizzy M Brewster, Jerry R Toelsie, Luc Vanhees
OBJECTIVE: The role of different physical activity (PA) characteristics, i.e. domain, duration and intensity in obesity prevention still requires investigation. Furthermore, ethnicity can modify the effect of PA on body composition. Therefore, we aim to describe the association between obesity and PA characteristics across the Asian- and African-Surinamese population, living in the capital of Suriname. DESIGN: Between February 2013 and July 2015, we included 1157 healthy subjects, 18-70 years, from the Healthy Life in Suriname (HELISUR) study...
July 1, 2017: Ethnicity & Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28668251/bicycle-trains-cycling-and-physical-activity-a-pilot-cluster-rct
#14
Jason A Mendoza, Wren Haaland, Maya Jacobs, Mark Abbey-Lambertz, Josh Miller, Deb Salls, Winifred Todd, Rachel Madding, Katherine Ellis, Jacqueline Kerr
INTRODUCTION: Increasing children's cycling to school and physical activity are national health goals. The objective was to conduct an RCT of a bicycle train program to assess impact on students' school travel mode and moderate-to-vigorous physical activity (MVPA). STUDY DESIGN: Pilot cluster RCT with randomization at the school level and N=54 participants. SETTING/PARTICIPANTS: Fourth-fifth graders from four public schools serving low-income families in Seattle, WA in 2014 with analyses in 2015-2016...
June 23, 2017: American Journal of Preventive Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28651798/cycling-to-school-and-body-composition-physical-fitness-and-metabolic-syndrome-in-children-and-adolescents
#15
Robinson Ramírez-Vélez, Antonio García-Hermoso, Cesar Agostinis-Sobrinho, Jorge Mota, Rute Santos, Jorge Enrique Correa-Bautista, Deisy Constanza Amaya-Tambo, Emilio Villa-González
OBJECTIVE: To evaluate the association between cycling to/from school and body composition, physical fitness, and metabolic syndrome among a sample of Colombian children and adolescents. STUDY DESIGN: During the 2014-2015 school year, we examined a cross-sectional component of the Association for muscular strength with early manifestation of cardiovascular disease risk factors among Colombian children and adolescents (FUPRECOL) study. Participants included 2877 youths (54...
June 23, 2017: Journal of Pediatrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28651597/change-in-body-mass-index-during-transition-to-statutory-retirement-an-occupational-cohort-study
#16
Sari Stenholm, Svetlana Solovieva, Eira Viikari-Juntura, Ville Aalto, Mika Kivimäki, Jussi Vahtera
BACKGROUND: Retirement is a major life transition affecting health behaviors. The aim of this study was to examine within-individual changes in body mass index (BMI) during transition from full-time work to statutory retirement by sex and physical work characteristics. METHODS: A multiwave cohort study repeated every 4 years and data linkage to records from retirement registers. Participants were 5426 Finnish public-sector employees who retired on a statutory basis in 2000-2011 and who reported their body weight one to three times prior to (w-3, w-2, w-1), and one to three times after (w+1, w+2, w+3) retirement...
June 26, 2017: International Journal of Behavioral Nutrition and Physical Activity
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28648306/cost-benefit-analysis-and-assessment-of-quality-of-care-in-patients-with-hemophilia-undergoing-treatment-at-national-rural-health-mission-in-maharashtra-india
#17
Priyanka Singh, Kanchan Mukherjee
BACKGROUND: Hemophilia is a genetic disorder with high health care burden. In India, most patients with hemophilia seek care through self-purchasing factor concentrate and incur huge out-of-pocket (OOP) expenditure. In March 2013, the government of India launched a pilot hematology program through the National Rural Health Mission for providing free treatment services to patients with hemophilia in the state of Maharashtra. OBJECTIVES: To estimate the benefit-cost ratio of the program from a patient perspective, to estimate reduction in OOP expenditure of the patients and their families, and to assess the quality of care delivered and the barriers to access care among patients with hemophilia...
May 2017: Value in Health Regional Issues
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28645948/the-relationship-between-bicycle-commuting-and-perceived-stress-a-cross-sectional-study
#18
Ione Avila-Palencia, Audrey de Nazelle, Tom Cole-Hunter, David Donaire-Gonzalez, Michael Jerrett, Daniel A Rodriguez, Mark J Nieuwenhuijsen
INTRODUCTION: Active commuting - walking and bicycling for travel to and/or from work or educational addresses - may facilitate daily, routine physical activity. Several studies have investigated the relationship between active commuting and commuting stress; however, there are no studies examining the relationship between solely bicycle commuting and perceived stress, or studies that account for environmental determinants of bicycle commuting and stress. The current study evaluated the relationship between bicycle commuting, among working or studying adults in a dense urban setting, and perceived stress...
June 23, 2017: BMJ Open
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28618392/radiocesium-decontamination-of-a-riverside-in-fukushima-japan
#19
Tatsuhiro Nishikiori, Satoshi Suzuki
Extensive decontamination measures have been implemented in the area affected by the Fukushima Dai-ichi nuclear disaster. Typical decontamination measures, such as removing topsoil of several centimeters in depth, are not suitable for rivers where contaminated sediments have been deposited. A decontamination measure was tested that considered the spatial distribution of radiocesium at the lower part of a tributary of the Abukuma River in Fukushima. The radiocesium distribution in the flood channel was vertically and horizontally highly heterogeneous...
June 12, 2017: Journal of Environmental Radioactivity
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28617345/examining-associations-of-environmental-characteristics-with-recreational-cycling-behaviour-by-street-level-strava-data
#20
Yeran Sun, Yunyan Du, Yu Wang, Liyuan Zhuang
Policymakers pay much attention to effectively increasing frequency of people's cycling in the context of developing sustainable and green cities. Investigating associations of environmental characteristics and cycling behaviour could offer implications for changing urban infrastructure aiming at encouraging active travel. However, earlier examinations of associations between environmental characteristics and active travel behaviour are limited by low spatial granularity and coverage of traditional data. Crowdsourced geographic information offers an opportunity to determine the fine-grained travel patterns of people...
June 15, 2017: International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health
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