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active commuting

Oline Anita Bjørkelund, Hanna Degerud, Elling Bere
BACKGROUND: Cycling and brisk-walking to work represents an opportunity to incorporate sustainable transport related moderate- to- vigorous physical activity (MVPA) into daily routine among adults, and thus, may make an important contributing to health. Despite the fact that walking and cycling is an option for many commuters and also brings a number of benefits, a considerable proportion of commuters choose to use other means of transport when cycling and walking would be a highly appropriate transport mode...
2016: Archives of Public Health, Archives Belges de Santé Publique
Charles DiMaggio, Joanne Brady, Guohua Li
BACKGROUND: Safe Routes to School (SRTS) is a federally funded transportation program for facilitating physically active commuting to and from school in children through improvements of the built environment, such as sidewalks, bicycle lanes, and safe crossings. Although it is evident that SRTS programs increase walking and bicycling in school-age children, their impact on pedestrian and bicyclist injury has not been adequately examined. METHODS: We analyzed quarterly traffic crash data between January 2008 and June 2013 in Texas to assess the effect of the SRTS program implemented after 2009 on school-age pedestrian and bicyclist injuries...
December 2015: Injury Epidemiology
C Treff, I M Benseñor, P A Lotufo
This study investigates the association between leisure-time physical activity and commuting-related physical activity and high blood pressure among participants in the Brazilian Longitudinal Study of Adult Health (ELSA-Brasil). Physical activity was assessed through application of the International Physical Activity Questionnaire, particularly the domains addressing leisure and transportation. We used the World Health Organization's definition (⩾150 min per week of moderate activities or 75 min per week of vigorous activities) to establish three categories: active, insufficiently active and inactive...
October 13, 2016: Journal of Human Hypertension
Terhi Urhonen, Arve Lie, Geir Aamodt
Commuting is an important aspect of daily life for many employees, but there is little knowledge of how this affects individual commuters' health and well-being. The authors investigated the relationship between commuting and subjective health complaints, using data from a web-based questionnaire. In a sample of 2126 railway employees, 644 (30.3%) had long commute times. A 29-item inventory was used to measure the number and degree of the subjective health complaints. Those who commuted 60 min or more each way were characterized by significantly higher numbers and degrees of subjective health complaints compared with their peers with short commutes...
December 2016: Preventive Medicine Reports
Valter C Barbosa Filho, Kelly Samara da Silva, Jorge Mota, Carmen Beck, Adair da Silva Lopes
BACKGROUND: Promoting physical activity (PA) in low- and middle-income countries is an important public health topic as well as a challenge for practice. This study aimed to assess the effect of a school-based intervention on different PA-related variables among students. METHODS: This cluster-randomized-controlled trial included 548 students in the intervention group and 537 in the control group (11-18 years-old) from six schools in neighborhoods with low Human Development Index (from 0...
August 24, 2016: Journal of Physical Activity & Health
Geoffrey P Whitfield, Emily N Ussery, Brian Riordan, Arthur M Wendel
Creating environments that support all types of physical activity, including active transportation, is a public health priority (1). Public health surveillance that identifies the locations where community members walk and bicycle (i.e., engage in active transportation) can inform such efforts. Traditional population-representative active transportation surveillance incurs a considerable time lag between data collection and dissemination, and often lacks geographic specificity (2). Conversely, user-generated active transportation data from Global Positioning System (GPS)-based activity tracking devices and mobile applications can provide near real-time information, but might be subject to self-selection bias among users...
2016: MMWR. Morbidity and Mortality Weekly Report
Meliha Salahuddin, Eileen Nehm, Nalini Ranjit, Young-Jae Kim, Abiodun O Oluyomi, Diane Dowdy, Chanam Lee, Marcia Ory, Deanna M Hoelscher
BACKGROUND: The role of parents' perceptions of the neighborhood environment in determining children's active commuting to and from school (ACS) is understudied. This study examined the association between parents' perceptions of neighborhood social cohesion, perceived neighborhood safety, and their children's ACS. METHODS: This cross-sectional analysis (n=857 from 81 elementary schools in Texas) examined baseline data from the Texas Childhood Obesity Prevention Policy Evaluation project...
August 30, 2016: Journal of Physical Activity & Health
Geoffrey P Whitfield, Arthur M Wendel, Amy H Auchincloss
We conducted an ecological study to determine whether parking prices are associated with active commuting across US cities. We obtained parking prices for 107 US cities from the Drexel University Central Business District Public Parking Survey, obtained city prevalence of walking and bicycling to work from the American Community Survey, and used weighted least squares linear regression to explore associations between parking prices and active commuting. After adjusting for several covariates, walking to work was 3...
September 8, 2016: Preventing Chronic Disease
Liangying Peng, Ling Chen, Xiaojie Wu, Haodong Guo, Gencai Chen
Human activity recognition is an important area of ubiquitous computing. Most current researches in activity recognition mainly focus on simple activities, e.g., sitting, running, walking, and standing. Compared with simple activities, complex activities are more complicated with high level semantics, e.g., working, commuting, and having a meal. This paper presents a hierarchical model to recognize complex activities as mixtures of simple activities and multiple actions. We generate the components of complex activities using a clustering algorithm, represent and recognize complex activities by applying a topic model on these components...
August 31, 2016: IEEE Transactions on Bio-medical Engineering
Tomi E Mäki-Opas, Katja Borodulin, Heli Valkeinen, Sari Stenholm, Anton E Kunst, Thomas Abel, Tommi Härkänen, Leena Kopperoinen, Pekka Itkonen, Ritva Prättälä, Sakari Karvonen, Seppo Koskinen
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
May 2016: Medicine and Science in Sports and Exercise
Hubert W Vesper, Gary L Myers, W Greg Miller
Effective patient care, clinical research, and public health efforts require comparability of laboratory results independent of time, place, and measurement procedure. Comparability is achieved by establishing metrological traceability, which ensures that measurement procedures measure the same quantity and that the calibration of measurement procedures is traceable to a common reference system consisting of reference methods and materials. Whereas standardization ensures traceability to the International System of Units, harmonization ensures traceability to a reference system agreed on by convention...
September 2016: American Journal of Clinical Nutrition
Armin Wiegner, Charles G Wright, Maike Vollmer
BACKGROUND: Animal models for chronic multichannel cochlear implant stimulation and selective neuronal activation contribute to a better understanding of auditory signal processing and central neural plasticity. NEW METHOD: This paper describes the design and surgical implantation of a multichannel cochlear implant (CI) system for chronic use in the free-moving gerbil. For chronic stimulation, adult-deafened gerbils were connected to a multichannel commutator that allowed low resistance cable rotation and stable electric connectivity to the current source...
August 9, 2016: Journal of Neuroscience Methods
Tomi E Mäki-Opas, Katja Borodulin, Heli Valkeinen, Sari Stenholm, Anton E Kunst, Thomas Abel, Tommi Härkänen, Leena Kopperoinen, Pekka Itkonen, Ritva Prättälä, Sakari Karvonen, Seppo Koskinen
BACKGROUND: The current political agenda aims to promote active environments and physical activity while commuting to work, but research on it has provided mixed results. This study examines whether the proximity of green space and people's residence in different travel-related urban zones contributes to commuting physical activity. METHODS: Population-based cross-sectional health examination survey, Health 2011 study, and geographical information system (GIS) data were utilized...
2016: BMC Public Health
Dóra Chor, Letícia Oliveira Cardoso, Aline Araújo Nobre, Rosane Härter Griep, Maria de Jesus Mendes Fonseca, Luana Giatti, Isabela Bensenor, Maria Del Carmen Bisi Molina, Estela M L Aquino, Ana Diez-Roux, Débora de Pina Castiglione, Simone M Santos
BACKGROUND: The study explores associations between perceived neighbourhood characteristics, physical activity and diet quality, which in Latin America and Brazil have been scarcely studied and with inconsistent results. METHODS: We conducted a cross-sectional analysis of 14,749 individuals who participated in the Brazilian Longitudinal Study of Adult Health (Estudo Longitudinal de Saúde do Adulto, ELSA-Brasil) baseline. The study included current and retired civil servants, aged between 35 and 74 years, from universities and research institutes in six Brazilian states...
2016: BMC Public Health
Akinori Matsumoto, Koji Fukuzawa, Kunihiko Kiuchi, Hiroki Konishi, Hirotoshi Ichibori, Hiroshi Imada, Kiyohiro Hyogo, Jun Kurose, Tomofumi Takaya, Shumpei Mori, Akihiro Yoshida, Ken-Ichi Hirata, Tatsuya Nishii, Atsushi Kono
BACKGROUND: Roof-dependent atrial tachycardia (roof AT) sometimes occurs after pulmonary vein isolation (PVI) of atrial fibrillation (AF). This study aimed to investigate the relationship between the anatomy of the residual left atrial posterior wall and occurrence of roof AT. METHODS: A total of 265 patients with AF who underwent PVI were enrolled. After the PVI, induced or recurrent roof AT was confirmed by an entrainment maneuver or activation mapping using a three-dimensional (3D) mapping system...
October 2016: Pacing and Clinical Electrophysiology: PACE
Katherine Boisvert-Vigneault, Hélène Payette, Mélisa Audet, Pierrette Gaudreau, Mathieu Bélanger, Isabelle J Dionne
This study aims to (1) describe participation in four physical activity (PA) domains across life and (2) examine the influence of PA during adolescence, early, middle, and later adulthood on health variables at older age. This observational study was conducted in 1378 generally healthy older adults (age 67-84 at baseline in 2003-2005; 52% women) in Quebec, Canada. Using a modified version of the interviewer-administered Lifetime Total Physical Activity Questionnaire (LTPAQ) and life events calendar to facilitate the recall, participants reported the frequency, duration, and intensity of occupational (OPA), commuting (CPA), household (HPA), and leisure time (LTPA) they participated in at age 15, 25, 45, and 65, and at the first follow-up (age 68-85 in 2005-2006)...
October 2016: Preventive Medicine
Siddharth S Sivakumar, Amalia G Namath, Roberto F Galán
Previous work from our lab has demonstrated how the connectivity of brain circuits constrains the repertoire of activity patterns that those circuits can display. Specifically, we have shown that the principal components of spontaneous neural activity are uniquely determined by the underlying circuit connections, and that although the principal components do not uniquely resolve the circuit structure, they do reveal important features about it. Expanding upon this framework on a larger scale of neural dynamics, we have analyzed EEG data recorded with the standard 10-20 electrode system from 41 neurologically normal children and adolescents during stage 2, non-REM sleep...
2016: Frontiers in Computational Neuroscience
Janusz Śmigielski, Joanna Ruszkowska, Walerian Piotrowski, Maria Polakowska, Wojciech Bielecki, Wojciech Hanke, Wojciech Drygas
OBJECTIVES: The role of leisure-time physical activity in reducing all-cause and cardiovascular mortality is well explored. The knowledge on occupational and commuting physical activity continues to be ambiguous and misleading. The aim of the study is to assess the influence of different kinds of physical activity on cardiovascular mortality risk in men. MATERIAL AND METHODS: Data analysis on physical activity level and other selected cardiovascular risk factors acquired from 3577 men in the age between 50-80 years who participated in the National Multicenter Health Survey WOBASZ (Wieloośrodkowe Ogólnopolskie Badanie Stanu Zdrowia), Poland (2003-2005) was linked with male mortality in 2004-2009...
2016: International Journal of Occupational Medicine and Environmental Health
Marissa Zwald, Amy Eyler, Karin Valentine Goins, Stephenie C Lemon
PURPOSE: To investigate individual- and city-level factors associated with municipal officials' participation in a local land use policy that supports active living. DESIGN: Cross-sectional study. SETTING: Eighty-three cities in eight states. SUBJECTS: Four hundred thirteen elected and appointed officials with various job functions including mayors, city councilors, aldermen, selectmen, city or town managers, and heads of departments of planning, community development, public works, transportation, engineering, parks and recreation, neighborhood services, and public health...
March 2016: American Journal of Health Promotion: AJHP
Martin G Rasmussen, Anders Grøntved, Kim Blond, Kim Overvad, Anne Tjønneland, Majken K Jensen, Lars Østergaard
BACKGROUND: Cycling is a recreational activity and mode of commuting with substantial potential to improve public health in many countries around the world. The aim of this study was to examine prospective associations between recreational and commuter cycling, changes in cycling habits, and risk of type 2 diabetes (T2D) in Danish adults from the Diet, Cancer and Health cohort study. METHODS AND FINDINGS: At baseline from 1993 to 1997, 24,623 men and 27,890 women from Denmark, 50-65 y of age and free of T2D and other chronic diseases, underwent a number of assessments, including completing a lifestyle questionnaire also addressing cycling habits...
July 2016: PLoS Medicine
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