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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28108594/parental-perceptions-of-barriers-to-active-commuting-to-school-in-spanish-children-and-adolescents
#1
Francisco Javier Huertas-Delgado, Manuel Herrador-Colmenero, Emilio Villa-González, María Jesús Aranda-Balboa, María Victoria Cáceres, Sandra Mandic, Palma Chillón
BACKGROUND: Understanding parental barriers is crucial to promote active commuting to school since the parental perceptions influence how young people commute. This study examined parental barriers to active commuting to school among Spanish children and adolescents, and their association with their gender and the usual mode of commuting. METHODS: Parents of children (n = 628) and parents of adolescents (n = 151) from Granada (Spain) completed a paper-based questionnaire about perceived parental barriers to active commuting to school and mode of commuting...
January 19, 2017: European Journal of Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28106293/diversity-of-leisure-time-sport-activities-in-adolescence-as-a-predictor-of-leisure-time-physical-activity-in-adulthood
#2
S Mäkelä, S Aaltonen, T Korhonen, R J Rose, J Kaprio
Because sustained physical activity is important for a healthy life, this paper examined whether a greater diversity of sport activities during adolescence predicts higher levels of leisure-time physical activity (LTPA) in adulthood. From sport activity participation reported by 17-year-old twins, we formed five groups: 1, 2, 3, 4, and 5+ different sport activities. At follow-up in their mid-thirties, twins were divided into four activity classes based on LTPA, including active commuting. Multinomial regression analyses, adjusted for several confounders, were conducted separately for male (N=1288) and female (N=1770) participants...
January 20, 2017: Scandinavian Journal of Medicine & Science in Sports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28088011/particulates-and-noise-exposure-during-bicycle-bus-and-car-commuting-a-study-in-three-european-cities
#3
Enembe O Okokon, Tarja Yli-Tuomi, Anu W Turunen, Pekka Taimisto, Arto Pennanen, Ilias Vouitsis, Zissis Samaras, Marita Voogt, Menno Keuken, Timo Lanki
BACKGROUND: In order to curb traffic-related air pollution and its impact on the physical environment, contemporary city commuters are encouraged to shift from private car use to active or public transport modes. However, personal exposures to particulate matter (PM), black carbon and noise during commuting may be substantial. Therefore, studies comparing exposures during recommended modes of transport versus car trips are needed. METHODS: We measured personal exposure to various-sized particulates, soot, and noise during commuting by bicycle, bus and car in three European cities: Helsinki in Finland, Rotterdam in the Netherlands and Thessaloniki in Greece using portable monitoring devices...
January 11, 2017: Environmental Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28077119/physical-activity-levels-and-associated-socio-demographic-factors-in-bangladeshi-adults-a-cross-sectional-study
#4
Mohammad Moniruzzaman, M S A Mansur Ahmed, Mohammad Mostafa Zaman
BACKGROUND: Low level of physical activity (PA) has become an important public health problem even in low-income countries. The objectives of this study were to measure PA levels, determine the prevalence of low PA and identify socio-demographic factors associated with it in Bangladeshi adults. METHODS: Data from 792 (urban, 395; rural, 397) Bangladeshi adults (25-64 years) were included in this population-based cross-sectional study conducted in 2011. Global Physical Activity Questionnaire version 2 (GPAQ-2) was used to measure PA...
January 11, 2017: BMC Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28076540/self-reported-occupational-accidents-among-brazil-s-adult-population-based-on-data-from-the-2013-national-health-survey
#5
Deborah Carvalho Malta, Sheila Rizzato Stopa, Marta Maria Alves da Silva, Célia Landmann Szwarcwald, Marco da Silveira Franco, Flavia Vinhaes Santos, Elaine Leandro Machado, Carlos Minayo Gómez
Objective: to provide an overview of occupational accidents among Brazil's adult population. Methods: descriptive study using data from the 2013 National Health Survey. Results: A total of 4.9 million workers mentioned having suffered some kind of work-related accident, which is equivalent to 3.4% (CI95% 4.6-5.6) of Brazil's adult population. Prevalence rates were higher among men, young adults aged between 18 and 39 years, and black people and in the North Region of the country...
January 2017: Ciência & Saúde Coletiva
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28074110/an-exploratory-study-on-the-impact-of-daily-activities-on-the-pleasure-and-physical-activity-of-older-adults
#6
Miriam Cabrita, Richel Lousberg, Monique Tabak, Hermie J Hermens, Miriam M R Vollenbroek-Hutten
BACKGROUND: Pleasure is one determinant of intrinsic motivation and yet a dimension often forgotten when promoting physical activity among the older population. In this study we investigate the relation between daily activities and physical activity, experience of pleasure, and the interaction between pleasure and physical activity in the daily lives of community-dwelling older adults. METHODS: Participants carried a hip-worn accelerometer during 30 consecutive days resulting in a total of 320 days of data collection...
2017: European Review of Aging and Physical Activity
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28056914/effects-of-a-school-based-intervention-on-active-commuting-to-school-and-health-related-fitness
#7
Emilio Villa-González, Jonatan R Ruiz, Jason A Mendoza, Palma Chillón
BACKGROUND: Active commuting to school has declined over time, and interventions are needed to reverse this trend. The main objective was to investigate the effects of a school-based intervention on active commuting to school and health-related fitness in school-age children of Southern Spain. METHODS: A total of 494 children aged 8 to 11 years were invited to participate in the study. The schools were non-randomly allocated (i.e., school level allocation) into the experimental group (EG) or the control group (CG)...
January 5, 2017: BMC Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28038876/exposure-estimation-errors-to-nitrogen-oxides-on-a-population-scale-due-to-daytime-activity-away-from-home
#8
Rakefet Shafran-Nathan, Yuval, Ilan Levy, David M Broday
Accurate estimation of exposure to air pollution is necessary for assessing the impact of air pollution on the public health. Most environmental epidemiology studies assign the home address exposure to the study subjects. Here, we quantify the exposure estimation error at the population scale due to assigning it solely at the residence place. A cohort of most schoolchildren in Israel (~950,000), age 6-18, and a representative cohort of Israeli adults (~380,000), age 24-65, were used. For each subject the home and the work or school addresses were geocoded...
December 27, 2016: Science of the Total Environment
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28024521/a-novel-interpretation-of-the-fractional-inhibitory-concentration-index-the-case-origanum-vulgare-l-and-leptospermum-scoparium-j-r-et-g-forst-essential-oils-against-staphylococcus-aureus-strains
#9
Filippo Fratini, Simone Mancini, Barbara Turchi, Elisabetta Friscia, Luisa Pistelli, Giulia Giusti, Domenico Cerri
Origanum vulgare (oregano) and Leptospermum scoparium (manuka) were traditionally employed as natural remedies for infected wounds and skin injuries where Staphylococcus aureus is mainly involved. The first aim of this study was to investigate oregano and manuka essential oils (EOs) chemical compositions and evaluate their antibacterial activity (MIC, Minimum Inhibitory Concentration) against fourteen S. aureus wild strains. The second aim was to evaluate the antibacterial activities of oregano and manuka EOs mixed in different combination (FIC, Fractional Inhibitory Concentration) with an improved chequerboard technique...
January 2017: Microbiological Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28007633/the-go-actiwe-randomized-controlled-trial-an-interdisciplinary-study-designed-to-investigate-the-health-effects-of-active-commuting-and-leisure-time-physical-activity
#10
Mads Rosenkilde, Martin Bæk Petersen, Anne Sofie Gram, Jonas Salling Quist, Jonas Winther, Simon Due Kamronn, Desirée Hornbæk Milling, Jakob Eg Larsen, Astrid Pernille Jespersen, Bente Stallknecht
Regular physical activity is efficacious for improving metabolic health in overweight and obese individuals, yet, many adults lead sedentary lives. Most exercise interventions have targeted leisure time, but physical activity also takes place in other domains of everyday life. Active commuting represents a promising alternative to increase physical activity, but it has yet to be established whether active commuting conveys health benefits on par with leisure time physical activity (LTPA). A 6-month randomized controlled trial was designed to investigate the effects of increased physical activity in transport (bicycling) or leisure time domains (moderate or vigorous intensity endurance exercise)...
December 19, 2016: Contemporary Clinical Trials
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27986862/demographic-factors-workplace-factors-and-active-transportation-use-in-the-usa-a-secondary-analysis-of-2009-nhts-data
#11
Tyler D Quinn, John M Jakicic, Carl I Fertman, Bethany Barone Gibbs
BACKGROUND: While active transportation has health, economic and environmental benefits, participation within the USA is low. The purpose of this study is to examine relationships of demographic and workplace factors with health-enhancing active transportation and commuting. METHODS: Participants in the 2009 National Household Travel Survey reported demographics, workplace factors (time/distance to work, flextime availability, option to work from home and work start time) and active transportation (for any purpose) or commuting (to and from work, workers only) as walking or biking (≥10 min bouts only)...
December 16, 2016: Journal of Epidemiology and Community Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27976664/gender-differences-and-commuting-accidents-in-italy-inail-data-base-analysis-on-fatalities-2009-2013
#12
Claudia Giliberti, Silvana Salerno
BACKGROUND: Commuting accidents represent the leading cause of work-related fatalities among women in Italy. For working women, the journey from home to work is the most dangerous part of the day. OBJECTIVES: Analysis of data on fatal commuting accidents in order to identify risk factors among women. METHODS: INAIL Statistical Data (2009-2013) related to fatal commuting were analyzed by gender, age, immigration, activities, geographical area, working time, month and day of the week...
December 13, 2016: La Medicina del Lavoro
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27928433/psychopathology-and-psychotherapeutic-intervention-in-diabetes-particularities-challenges-and-limits
#13
REVIEW
Popa-Velea O, Bubulac L, Petrescu L, Purcarea Rm
Diabetes is a problem of great public health importance, creating a considerable burden to the affected individuals and society. The psychological approach of this disease implies the early acknowledging of behavioral symptoms and the construction of effective psychotherapeutic interventions. Regarding the psychological symptoms, cognitive malfunctions in diabetes include a slowing of information processing, attention, memory, and concentration, which, in turn, can significantly diminish motivation for therapy, compliance, and ability for self-care...
October 2016: Journal of Medicine and Life
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27924739/active-commuting-to-school-in-finland-the-potential-for-physical-activity-increase-in-different-seasons
#14
Jouni Kallio, Salla Turpeinen, Harto Hakonen, Tuija Tammelin
BACKGROUND: Active commuting to school (ACS) can be a significant source of physical activity and provide many health benefits. OBJECTIVE: This study identified the potential to increase physical activity levels by promoting ACS in Finnish schools and evaluated the effects of season, distance and age on ACS. DESIGN: Data were collected with a questionnaire from 5,107 students, aged 10-16, in 45 comprehensive schools in Finland. The distance and the mode of transport to school in different seasons were self-reported...
2016: International Journal of Circumpolar Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27880022/active-commuting-to-school-was-inversely-associated-with-academic-achievement-in-primary-but-not-secondary-school-students
#15
Jose Mora-Gonzalez, Carlos Rodríguez-López, Cristina Cadenas-Sanchez, Manuel Herrador-Colmenero, Irene Esteban-Cornejo, Francisco J Huertas-Delgado, Daniel N Ardoy, Francisco B Ortega, Palma Chillón
AIM: Physical activity has numerous benefits for children when it comes to academic achievements. This study determined whether active commuting - walking or cycling - to school, as a way of increasing total physical activity levels, were associated with academic achievements in students aged 7-18 years. METHODS: A total of 2,138 students participated in the study, which took place in the 2012/2013 academic year in three Spanish cities. We used a self-reported questionnaire to assess how the students travelled to and from school and their final school grades...
November 23, 2016: Acta Paediatrica
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27878483/fine-particulate-bound-polycyclic-aromatic-hydrocarbons-in-vehicles-in-rome-italy
#16
Paola Romagnoli, Catia Balducci, Angelo Cecinato, Nunziata L'Episcopo, Claudio Gariazzo, Maria Pia Gatto, Andrea Gordiani, Monica Gherardi
Urban commuters are exposed to elevated levels of air pollutants, especially in heavily polluted areas and traffic congested roads. In order to assess the contribution of commuting to citizens' exposure, measurements of fine particulate (PM2.5) and polycyclic aromatic hydrocarbons (PAHs) were carried out in cars, busses, and metro trains, within the LIFE+ EXPAH Project. Monitoring campaigns were performed in Rome, Italy, from April 2011 to August 2012. Inside the busses, the concentration of total PAHs ranged from 2...
November 22, 2016: Environmental Science and Pollution Research International
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27864736/assessment-of-different-route-choice-on-commuters-exposure-to-air-pollution-in-taipei-taiwan
#17
Hsien-Chih Li, Pei-Te Chiueh, Shi-Ping Liu, Yu-Yang Huang
The purposes of this study are to develop a healthy commute map indicating cleanest route in Taipei metropolitan area for any given journey and to evaluate the pollutant doses exposed in different commuting modes. In Taiwan, there are more than 13.6 million motorcycles and 7.7 million vehicles among the 23 million people. Exposure to traffic-related air pollutants can thus cause adverse health effects. Moreover, increasing the level of physical activity during commuting and longer distances will result in inhalation of more polluted air...
November 18, 2016: Environmental Science and Pollution Research International
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27848731/results-from-scotland-s-2016-report-card-on-physical-activity-for-children-and-youth
#18
John J Reilly, Avril Johnstone, Geraldine McNeill, Adrienne R Hughes
BACKGROUND: The 2016 Active Healthy Kids Scotland Report Card aims to improve surveillance of physical activity (PA), facilitate international comparisons, and encourage evidence-informed PA and health policy. METHODS: Active Healthy Kids Canada Report Card methodology was used: a search for data on child and adolescent PA and health published after the 2013 Scottish Report Card was carried out. Data sources were considered for grading if based on representative samples with prevalence estimates made using methods with low bias...
November 2016: Journal of Physical Activity & Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27848721/results-from-malaysia-s-2016-report-card-on-physical-activity-for-children-and-adolescents
#19
Razinah Sharif, Kar Hau Chong, Nur Hadiyani Zakaria, Min Li Ong, John J Reilly, Jyh Eiin Wong, Hazizi Abu Saad, Bee Koon Poh
BACKGROUND: The 2016 Malaysia Active Healthy Kids Report Card aims to collect, assess, and grade current and comprehensive data on physical activity (PA) and associated factors in Malaysian children and adolescents aged 5 to 17 years. METHODS: This report card was developed following the Active Healthy Kids Canada Report Card protocol. The Research Working Group identified the core matrices, assessed the key data sources, and evaluated the evidence gathered for grade assignments...
November 2016: Journal of Physical Activity & Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27846912/factors-associated-with-active-commuting-to-school-by-bicycle-from-bogot%C3%A3-colombia-the-fuprecol-study
#20
Robinson Ramírez-Vélez, Cesar Augusto Beltrán, Jorge Enrique Correa-Bautista, Andres Vivas, Daniel Humberto Prieto-Benavidez, Javier Martínez-Torres, Héctor Reynaldo Triana-Reina, Emilio Villa-González, Antonio Garcia-Hermoso
BACKGROUND: Active commuting to school (ACS) can contribute to daily physical activity (PA) levels in children and adolescents. The aim of the study was to analyze the characteristics of active commuting to and from school by bicycle and to identify the factors associated with the use of bicycles for active commuting to school based in a sample of schoolchildren in Bogotá, Colombia. METHODS: A cross-sectional study was conducted in 8,057 children and adolescents...
November 15, 2016: Italian Journal of Pediatrics
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