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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28327589/non-occupational-physical-activity-during-pregnancy-and-the-risk-of-preterm-birth-a-meta-analysis-of-observational-and-interventional-studies
#1
Ju Wen, Pengcheng Xun, Cheng Chen, Minghui Quan, Ru Wang, Yu Liu, Ka He
A meta-analysis was conducted to evaluate the association between non-occupational physical activity (PA) during pregnancy and the risk of preterm birth (PTB). By searching PubMed and EMBASE from inception to August 20, 2016, 25 observational studies (18 cohorts and 7 case-controls) and 12 interventional studies were identified. Comparing the highest to the lowest category of leisure-time PA during pregnancy, the pooled relative risk (RR) of PTB was 0.83 [95% confidence interval (CI) = 0.74-0.93] for cohort studies and 0...
March 22, 2017: Scientific Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28322880/analyzing-the-impact-of-public-transit-usage-on-obesity
#2
Zhaowei She, Douglas M King, Sheldon H Jacobson
The objective of this paper is to estimate the impact of county-level public transit usage on obesity prevalence in the United States and assess the potential for public transit usage as an intervention for obesity. This study adopts an instrumental regression approach to implicitly control for potential selection bias due to possible differences in commuting preferences among obese and non-obese populations. United States health data from the 2009 Behavioral Risk Factor Surveillance System and transportation data from the 2009 National Household Travel Survey are aggregated and matched at the county level...
March 16, 2017: Preventive Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28315759/associations-of-commuting-to-school-and-work-with-demographic-variables-and-with-weight-status-in-eight-european-countries-the-energy-cross-sectional-study
#3
Saskia J Te Velde, Eli Haraldsen, Frøydis N Vik, Ilse De Bourdeaudhuij, Natasa Jan, Eva Kovacs, Luis A Moreno, Alain Dössegger, Yannis Manios, Johannes Brug, Elling Bere
This study aims to assess the prevalence of different modes of commuting to school and work for 10-12year-olds and their parents; to assess the associations with demographic variables (country, sex, parental education and ethnicity) and with weight status in eight European countries. As part of the ENERGY project a cross-sectional survey was conducted in 2010 in which modes of commuting and socio-demographic variables for children (N=7903) and one of their parents (n=6455) were measured by questionnaires. Children's weight and height were objectively measured; parents self-reported their weight and height...
March 15, 2017: Preventive Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28299370/change-in-commute-mode-and-body-mass-index-prospective-longitudinal-evidence-from-uk-biobank
#4
Ellen Flint, Elizabeth Webb, Steven Cummins
BACKGROUND: Insufficient physical activity is a determinant of obesity and cardiovascular disease. Active travel to work has declined in high-income countries in recent decades. We aimed to determine which socioeconomic and demographic characteristics predicted switching to or from active commuting, whether switching from passive to active commuting (or the reverse) independently predicts change in objectively measured body-mass index (BMI), and to ascertain whether any association is attenuated by socioeconomic, demographic, or behavioural factors...
December 2016: Lancet Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28288444/associations-of-street-layout-with-walking-and-sedentary-behaviors-in-an-urban-and-a-rural-area-of-japan
#5
Mohammad Javad Koohsari, Takemi Sugiyama, Ai Shibata, Kaori Ishii, Yung Liao, Tomoya Hanibuchi, Neville Owen, Koichiro Oka
We examined whether street layout -a key urban design element- is associated with walking and sedentary behaviors in the context of a non-Western country; and, whether such associations differ between an urban and a rural area. In 2011, 1076 middle-to-older aged adults living in an urban and a rural area of Japan reported their walking and sedentary (sitting) behaviors. Two objective measures of street layout (intersection density and street integration) were calculated. Participants exposed to more-connected street layouts were more likely to walk for commuting and for errands, to meet physical activity recommendations through walking for commuting, and less likely to drive...
March 10, 2017: Health & Place
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28282865/utilizing-crowdsourced-data-for-studies-of-cycling-and-air-pollution-exposure-a-case-study-using-strava-data
#6
Yeran Sun, Amin Mobasheri
With the development of information and communications technology, user-generated content and crowdsourced data are playing a large role in studies of transport and public health. Recently, Strava, a popular website and mobile app dedicated to tracking athletic activity (cycling and running), began offering a data service called Strava Metro, designed to help transportation researchers and urban planners to improve infrastructure for cyclists and pedestrians. Strava Metro data has the potential to promote studies of cycling and health by indicating where commuting and non-commuting cycling activities are at a large spatial scale (street level and intersection level)...
March 8, 2017: International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28243840/what-is-driving-obesity-a-review-on-the-connections-between-obesity-and-motorized-transportation
#7
REVIEW
Douglas M King, Sheldon H Jacobson
PURPOSE OF REVIEW: Traveling by automobile rather than walking or cycling can encourage obesity by eliminating physical activity. As national obesity rates in the USA have reached 37.9% in 2014, understanding the connections between obesity and transportation choices can help policymakers in the public health community propose effective obesity interventions at the national level. RECENT FINDINGS: Following from foundational studies examining associations between the built environment and leisure walking, recent studies consider a diverse set of transportation choices regarding mode (e...
February 27, 2017: Current Obesity Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28230295/associations-of-domain-specific-physical-activities-with-insomnia-symptoms-among-0-5-million-chinese-adults
#8
Bang Zheng, Canqing Yu, Liling Lin, Huaidong Du, Jun Lv, Yu Guo, Zheng Bian, Yiping Chen, Min Yu, Jianguo Li, Junshi Chen, Zhengming Chen, Liming Li
Previous studies have demonstrated the association between physical activity and sleep quality. However, there is little evidence regarding different domains of physical activity. This study aimed to examine the associations between domain-specific physical activities and insomnia symptoms among Chinese men and women. Data of 452 024 Chinese adults aged 30-79 years from the China Kadoorie Biobank Study were analysed. Insomnia symptoms were assessed with self-reported difficulties in initiating or maintaining sleep, early morning awakening, daytime dysfunction and any insomnia symptoms...
February 23, 2017: Journal of Sleep Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28224221/-reaching-elderly-migrants-where-they-live-experiences-from-the-swiss-vicino-project
#9
S Johner-Kobi, M Gehrig
BACKGROUND: Community involvement through formal and informal networks is an important resource of support for elderly people with or without a migrant background, particularly as they get older. In the research and development project "Vicino - reaching elderly migrants where they live" the factors for success and failure in the cooperation between public institutions (organizations which do not focus on a specific group of migrants but are accessible for everybody) and migrant organizations were identified by means of three participatory interventions...
February 21, 2017: Zeitschrift Für Gerontologie und Geriatrie
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28220100/season-and-weather-effects-on-travel-related-mood-and-travel-satisfaction
#10
Dick Ettema, Margareta Friman, Lars E Olsson, Tommy Gärling
This study examines the effects of season and weather on mood (valence and activation) and travel satisfaction (measured by the Satisfaction with Travel Scale). Analyses are presented of 562 time-sampled morning commutes to work made by 363 randomly sampled people in three different Swedish cities asking them to use smartphones to report their mood in their home before and directly after the commutes. These reports as well as satisfaction with the commute obtained in summer and winter are linked to weather data and analyzed by means of fixed-effects regression analyses...
2017: Frontiers in Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28193281/municipal-investment-in-off-road-trails-and-changes-in-bicycle-commuting-in-minneapolis-minnesota-over-10%C3%A2-years-a-longitudinal-repeated-cross-sectional-study
#11
Jana A Hirsch, Katie A Meyer, Marc Peterson, Le Zhang, Daniel A Rodriguez, Penny Gordon-Larsen
BACKGROUND: We studied the effect of key development and expansion of an off-road multipurpose trail system in Minneapolis, Minnesota between 2000 and 2007 to understand whether infrastructure investments are associated with increases in commuting by bicycle. METHODS: We used repeated measures regression on tract-level (N = 116 tracts) data to examine changes in bicycle commuting between 2000 and 2008-2012. We investigated: 1) trail proximity measured as distance from the trail system and 2) trail potential use measured as the proportion of commuting trips to destinations that might traverse the trail system...
February 13, 2017: International Journal of Behavioral Nutrition and Physical Activity
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28182714/individual-employment-and-psychosocial-factors-influencing-walking-to-work-implications-for-intervention-design
#12
Emma J Adams, Dale W Esliger, Ian M Taylor, Lauren B Sherar
BACKGROUND: Promoting walking for the journey to and from work (commuter walking) is a potential strategy for increasing physical activity. Understanding the factors influencing commuter walking is important for identifying target groups and designing effective interventions. This study aimed to examine individual, employment-related and psychosocial factors associated with commuter walking and to discuss the implications for targeting and future design of interventions. METHODS: 1,544 employees completed a baseline survey as part of the 'Walking Works' intervention project (33...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28182058/physical-activity-among-dental-health-professionals-in-hyderabad-city-a-questionnaire-survey
#13
Adepu Srilatha, Dolar Doshi, M Padma Reddy, Suhas Kulkarni, B Srikanth Reddy, Sahithi Reddy
BACKGROUND: To assess and compare physical activity based on age, gender, marital status, education, and employment among dental health professionals in Hyderabad City, India. MATERIALS AND METHODS: A cross-sectional questionnaire study was conducted among dentists and they were personally interviewed by a single trained interviewer. The frequency (in days) and time (in minutes) spent in doing vigorous- and moderate-intensity activity in a typical week in three domains and sedentary behavior were assessed using 16-item Global Physical Activity Questionnaire...
November 2016: Dental Research Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28178972/association-of-socioeconomic-school-related-and-family-factors-and-physical-activity-and-sedentary-behaviour-among-adolescents-multilevel-analysis-of-the-pralimap-trial-inclusion-data
#14
Johanne Langlois, Abdou Y Omorou, Anne Vuillemin, Serge Briançon, Edith Lecomte
BACKGROUND: Social differences among adolescents in physical activity and sedentary behaviour have been identified but are not well explained. The current study aimed to identify socioeconomic, family and school-related associated factors with physical activity and sedentary behaviour among high-school adolescents. METHODS: This was a cross-sectional analysis of T0 physical activity and sedentary behaviour of 2523 students 14 - 18 years old recruited for the PRALIMAP trial from 24 French state-run high schools...
February 8, 2017: BMC Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28178850/the-threshold-distance-associated-with-walking-from-home-to-school
#15
Carlos Rodríguez-López, Zeus M Salas-Fariña, Emilio Villa-González, Milkana Borges-Cosic, Manuel Herrador-Colmenero, Jesús Medina-Casaubón, Francisco B Ortega, Palma Chillón
Active commuting to school has health implications among young people. We aimed to (a) examine the patterns of commuting to school in children and adolescents regarding gender and area of residence, (b) study the association between distance from home to school and mode of commuting, and (c) identify the threshold distance below which young people are more likely to walk to school. A total of 6,004 students aged 7 to 18 years from Spain participated in this study. Mode of commuting was self-reported and distance was objectively measured using Google Maps software...
February 1, 2017: Health Education & Behavior: the Official Publication of the Society for Public Health Education
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28164526/matrix-effects-in-proficiency-testing-materials-influence-the-accurate-measurement-of-gamma-glutamyltransferase-activity
#16
Yun Li, Jianbing Wang, Xianzhang Huang, Ruili Zeng, Qiaoxuan Zhang, Haibiao Lin, Liqiao Han, Peifeng Ke, Junhua Zhuang
BACKGROUND: A consensus on an accurate method to measure γ-glutamyltransferase (GGT) activity for clinical purposes has not been achieved among practicing clinical laboratories. To improve analytical trueness, we evaluated the influences of matrix effects in proficiency testing (PT) materials on the measurement of GGT activity in human serum samples. METHODS: Five fresh frozen human samples (FFS1-5) and five lyophilized proficiency testing materials (Lyo1-5) were distributed to 23 participating clinical laboratories for the measurement of GGT activity...
October 1, 2016: Clinical Laboratory
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28154107/impact-of-social-and-built-environment-factors-on-body-size-among-breast-cancer-survivors-the-pathways-study
#17
Salma Shariff-Marco, Julie Von Behren, Peggy Reynolds, Theresa H M Keegan, Andrew Hertz, Marilyn L Kwan, Janise M Roh, Catherine Thomsen, Candyce H Kroenke, Christine B Ambrosone, Lawrence H Kushi, Scarlett Lin Gomez
BACKGROUND: As social and built environment factors have been shown to be associated with physical activity, dietary patterns, and obesity in the general population, they likely also influence these health behaviors among cancer survivors, and thereby impact survivorship outcomes. METHODS: Enhancing the rich, individual-level survey and medical record data from 4,505 breast cancer survivors in the Pathways Study, a prospective cohort drawn from Kaiser Permanente Northern California, we geocoded baseline residential addresses and appended social and built environment data...
February 2, 2017: Cancer Epidemiology, Biomarkers & Prevention
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28113223/hierarchical-complex-activity-representation-and-recognition-using-topic-model-and-classifier-level-fusion
#18
Liangying Peng, Ling Chen, Xiaojie Wu, Haodong Guo, Gencai Chen
Human activity recognition is an important area of ubiquitous computing. Most current researches in activity recognition mainly focus on simple activities, e.g., sitting, running, walking, and standing. Compared with simple activities, complex activities are more complicated with high level semantics, e.g., working, commuting, and having a meal. This paper presents a hierarchical model to recognize complex activities as mixtures of simple activities and multiple actions. We generate the components of complex activities using a clustering algorithm, represent and recognize complex activities by applying a topic model on these components...
August 31, 2016: IEEE Transactions on Bio-medical Engineering
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28108594/parental-perceptions-of-barriers-to-active-commuting-to-school-in-spanish-children-and-adolescents
#19
Francisco Javier Huertas-Delgado, Manuel Herrador-Colmenero, Emilio Villa-González, María Jesús Aranda-Balboa, María Victoria Cáceres, Sandra Mandic, Palma Chillón
BACKGROUND: Understanding parental barriers is crucial to promote active commuting to school since the parental perceptions influence how young people commute. This study examined parental barriers to active commuting to school among Spanish children and adolescents, and their association with their gender and the usual mode of commuting. METHODS: Parents of children (n = 628) and parents of adolescents (n = 151) from Granada (Spain) completed a paper-based questionnaire about perceived parental barriers to active commuting to school and mode of commuting...
January 19, 2017: European Journal of Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28106293/diversity-of-leisure-time-sport-activities-in-adolescence-as-a-predictor-of-leisure-time-physical-activity-in-adulthood
#20
S Mäkelä, S Aaltonen, T Korhonen, R J Rose, J Kaprio
Because sustained physical activity is important for a healthy life, this paper examined whether a greater diversity of sport activities during adolescence predicts higher levels of leisure-time physical activity (LTPA) in adulthood. From sport activity participation reported by 17-year-old twins, we formed five groups: 1, 2, 3, 4, and 5+ different sport activities. At follow-up in their mid-thirties, twins were divided into four activity classes based on LTPA, including active commuting. Multinomial regression analyses, adjusted for several confounders, were conducted separately for male (N=1288) and female (N=1770) participants...
January 20, 2017: Scandinavian Journal of Medicine & Science in Sports
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