keyword
MENU ▼
Read by QxMD icon Read
search

frontal lobe seizure

keyword
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29754132/recovery-of-brain-abscess-induced-stuttering-after-neurosurgical-intervention
#1
Daisuke Sudo, Youichi Doutake, Hidenori Yokota, Eiju Watanabe
Stuttering occurs in approximately 5% of all children and 1% of adults. One type, neurogenic stuttering, is usually attributable to strokes or other structural damages to the brain areas that are responsible for language fluency. Here, we present the first case of neurogenic stuttering caused by a brain abscess. The patient was a 60-year-old man admitted for a seizure and administered an anticonvulsant, after which he began stuttering. MRI revealed a brain abscess in the left frontal lobe that extended to the dorsolateral prefrontal cortex (BA (Brodmann's area) 9 and 46), frontal eye field (BA 8) and premotor cortex and supplementary motor area (BA 6)...
May 12, 2018: BMJ Case Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29744624/a-rare-case-of-paediatric-primary-central-nervous-system-lymphoma-treated-with-high-dose-methotrexate-and-rituximab-based-chemoimmunotherapy-and-whole-brain-radiotherapy-followed-by-tumour-bed-boost-with-three-dimensional-conformal-radiation-technique
#2
Narayan Adhikari, Ahitagni Biswas, Sameer Bakhshi, Gaurav Khanna, Vaishali Suri
BACKGROUND: Primary central nervous system lymphomas (PCNSL) are rare in the paediatric population. CLINICAL CASE: A 12-year-old boy presented to our clinic with complaints of multiple episodes of generalised tonic-clonic seizures for 1 year and gradual loss of vision in both eyes for 3 months. Baseline magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) of the brain showed a large (7.2 × 7 cm) enhancing soft tissue lesion in the right frontal lobe causing mass effect and midline shift...
May 9, 2018: Child's Nervous System: ChNS: Official Journal of the International Society for Pediatric Neurosurgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29736618/leptomeningeal-form-of-immunoglobulin-g4-related-hypertrophic-meningitis-with-perivascular-spread-a-case-report-and-review-of-the-literature
#3
Jasmina Boban, Selin Ardalı, Majda M Thurnher
PURPOSE: Immunoglobulin G4 (IgG4)-related disease represents a spectrum of fibro-inflammatory disorders that affects various organ systems, including the central nervous system. METHODS: Here we present the case of lgG4-related hypertrophic meningitis with exclusively leptomeningeal involvement and spread via perivascular spaces. RESULTS: A 58-year-old male patient presented with complex partial seizures. Initial computed tomography examination showed left frontal sulcal hyperdensity...
May 7, 2018: Neuroradiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29692970/language-recovery-after-epilepsy-surgery-of-the-broca-s-area
#4
Lilit Mnatsakanyan, Sumeet Vadera, Christopher W Ingalls, Jie Zheng, Mona Sazgar, Frank P Hsu, Jack J Lin
Epilepsy surgery is indicated in select patients with drug-resistant focal epilepsy. Seizure freedom or significant reduction of seizure burden without risking new neurological deficits is the expected goal of epilepsy surgery. Typically, when the seizure onset zone overlaps with eloquent cortex, patients are excluded from surgery. We present a patient with drug-resistant frontal lobe epilepsy who underwent successful surgery with resection of Broca's area, primarily involving the pars triangularis (BA 45)...
2018: Epilepsy & Behavior Case Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29686797/porencephalic-cyst-a-rare-cause-of-new-onset-seizure-in-an-adult
#5
Anam Qureshi, Asad Jehangir, Eugene P York
We present a case of a 56-year-old male with a history of perinatal intracerebral hemorrhage who presented to the emergency department after a witnessed new-onset generalized tonic-clonic seizure. Computerized tomography and magnetic resonance imaging of the head revealed a large frontal lobe porencephalic cyst, with encephalomalacia in the right parietal lobe and temporal lobe (the patient did not have any prior cranial imaging). The patient has subsequently remained seizure-free on levetiracetam. Porencephalic cyst is a rare condition of cerebrospinal fluid accumulation in the brain parenchyma that is usually related to perinatal vascular events...
2018: Journal of Community Hospital Internal Medicine Perspectives
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29677585/age-at-epilepsy-onset-in-patients-with-focal-cortical-dysplasias-gangliogliomas-and-dysembryoplastic-neuroepithelial-tumours
#6
Attila Rácz, Andreas-Markus Müller, Johannes Schwerdt, Albert Becker, Hartmut Vatter, Christian E Elger
PURPOSE: The age at epilepsy onset in patients with inborn or very early acquired brain lesions depends on the epileptogenic potential of the lesion and the patients' individual "susceptibility" to epileptic seizures. To gain insight into these determinants, we analysed the case history of patients with focal cortical dysplasias (FCDs) and neuroglial tumours. METHODS: In a systematic, retrospective analysis comprised of 233 patients who underwent surgery (116 with FCDs and 117 with neuroglial tumours), we evaluated the age at epilepsy onset according to histopathologic subgroups, lesion location and family history...
April 4, 2018: Seizure: the Journal of the British Epilepsy Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29651571/correlation-of-neuropsychological-and-metabolic-changes-after-epilepsy-surgery-in-patients-with-left-mesial-temporal-lobe-epilepsy-with-hippocampal-sclerosis
#7
Canan Güvenç, Patrick Dupont, Jan Van den Stock, Laura Seynaeve, Kathleen Porke, Eva Dries, Karen Van Bouwel, Johannes van Loon, Tom Theys, Karolien E Goffin, Wim Van Paesschen
BACKGROUND: Epilepsy surgery often causes changes in cognition and cerebral glucose metabolism. Our aim was to explore relationships between pre- and postoperative cerebral metabolism as measured with 18 F-fluorodeoxyglucose positron emission tomography (FDG-PET) and neuropsychological test scores in patients with left mesial temporal lobe epilepsy with hippocampal sclerosis (MTLE-HS), who were rendered seizure-free after epilepsy surgery. RESULTS: Thirteen patients were included...
April 12, 2018: EJNMMI Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29625365/morphometric-mri-features-and-surgical-outcome-in-patients-with-epilepsy-related-to-hippocampal-sclerosis-and-low-intellectual-quotient
#8
Larissa Botelho Gaça, Maria Teresa Fernandes Castilho Garcia, Gabriel Barbosa Sandim, Idaiane Batista Assumption Leme, Maria Helena Silva Noffs, Henrique Carrete, Ricardo Silva Centeno, João Ricardo Sato, Elza Márcia Targas Yacubian
OBJECTIVE: The objectives of this study were to verify in a series of patients with mesial temporal lobe epilepsy with hippocampal sclerosis (MTLE-HS) if those with low intellectual quotient (IQ) levels have more extended areas of atrophy compared with those with higher IQ levels and to analyze whether IQ could be a variable implicated on a surgical outcome. MATERIAL AND METHODS: Patients (n=106) with refractory MTLE-HS submitted to corticoamygdalohippocampectomy (CAH) (57 left mesial temporal lobe epilepsy (MTLE); 45 males) were enrolled...
April 3, 2018: Epilepsy & Behavior: E&B
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29618099/surgical-treatment-of-extratemporal-epilepsy-results-and-prognostic-factors
#9
Daniel Delev, Bernhard Oehl, Bernhard J Steinhoff, Julia Nakagawa, Christian Scheiwe, Andreas Schulze-Bonhage, Josef Zentner
BACKGROUND: Surgery is a widely accepted option for the treatment of pharmacoresistant epilepsies of extratemporal origin. OBJECTIVE: To analyze clinical and epileptological results and to provide prognostic factors influencing seizure outcome. METHODS: This retrospective single-center study comprises a consecutive series of 383 patients, most of whom had an identifiable lesion on MRI, who underwent resective surgery for extratemporal epilepsy...
March 30, 2018: Neurosurgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29609117/giant-convexity-chondroma-with-meningeal-attachment
#10
Denise Feierabend, Salah Maksoud, Aaron Lawson McLean, Arend Koch, Rolf Kalff, Jan Walter
OBJECTIVE: Intracranial chondroma is a rare and benign tumor with usual onset in young adulthood. The skull base is the most common site of occurrence although, less often, the tumors can appear at the falx cerebri or at the dural convexity. The differentiation of these lesions from meningiomas through imaging is generally difficult. PATIENT AND METHODS: Clinical case presentation and review of the current literature. RESULTS / CASE PRESENTATION: We report a case of a 25-year-old male patient with a giant convexity chondroma with meningeal attachment in the right frontal lobe that was detected after a first generalized seizure...
March 27, 2018: Clinical Neurology and Neurosurgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29604610/long-term-outcome-after-epilepsy-surgery-in-older-adults
#11
Johannes D Lang, Laura Grell, Mareike Hagge, Müjgan Dogan Onugoren, Stephanie Gollwitzer, Wolfgang Graf, Michael Schwarz, Roland Coras, Ingmar Blümcke, Björn Sommer, Karl Rössler, Michael Buchfelder, Stefan Schwab, Hermann Stefan, Hajo M Hamer
PURPOSE: The incidence of epilepsy in older adults is growing, as does the incidence of comorbidities. Therefore, when it comes to epilepsy surgery in medically intractable epilepsy, age is often seen as a limiting factor. To investigate the outcome after epilepsy surgery in a population of older adults, we compared the benefit for patients aged 50-59 years with those aged 60 years and older in respect of efficacy and safety. METHOD: Patients aged ≥50 years with medically intractable epilepsy who underwent epilepsy surgery from 1990 to 2013 were selected from the database of a German epilepsy center...
March 6, 2018: Seizure: the Journal of the British Epilepsy Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29573842/a-case-of-severe-alexander-disease-with-de-novo-c-239-t-c-p-f80s-in-gfap
#12
Ayumi Matsumoto, Janyerkye Tulyeu, Rieko Furukawa, Chika Watanabe, Yukifumi Monden, Yasuyuki Nozaki, Masato Mori, Michito Namekawa, Eriko F Jimbo, Toshinori Aihara, Takanori Yamagata, Hitoshi Osaka
Alexander disease (AxD) is a progressive neurodegenerative disease caused by a mutation in the glial fibrillary acid protein (GFAP) gene. A 4-year-old boy presented several times with hemiclonic seizures with eye deviation for a few minutes at 28 days after birth. Electroencephalogram showed independent sharp waves in the right and left temporal area. Magnetic resonance imaging showed high intensity T1-weighted images in the white matter of the frontal lobe and basal ganglia. He showed no head control at 4 years of age, and his weight gain was insufficient...
March 21, 2018: Brain & Development
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29557234/sudden-unexpected-death-in-epilepsy-in-a-14-year-old-girl-case-report-and-literature-review
#13
Xinyue Zhang, Lichao Sun, Li Cui, Weihong Lin
Background Sudden unexpected death in epilepsy (SUDEP) is the most common cause of death in people with epilepsy. The pathogenesis of SUDEP is still unclear. The majority of SUDEP cases occur in intractable epilepsy, especially in the aftermath of a generalized tonic-clonic seizure. We report an atypical SUDEP case with infrequent seizures in frontal lobe epilepsy. Case Report A 14-year-old girl presented with a 13-year history of paroxysmal convulsions. She experienced three episodes within 6-10 months after birth...
January 1, 2018: Journal of International Medical Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29555850/electrophysiological-evidence-for-the-development-of-a-self-sustained-large-scale-epileptic-network-in-the-kainate-mouse-model-of-temporal-lobe-epilepsy
#14
Laurent Sheybani, Gwenaël Birot, Alessandro Contestabile, Margitta Seeck, Jozsef Zoltan Kiss, Karl Schaller, Christoph M Michel, Charles Quairiaux
Most research on focal epilepsy focuses on mechanisms of seizure generation in the primary epileptic focus (EF). However, neurological deficits that are not directly linked to seizure activity and that may persist after focus removal are frequent. The recruitment of remote brain regions of an epileptic network (EN) is recognized as a possible cause, but a profound lack of experimental evidence exists concerning their recruitment and the type of pathological activities they exhibit. We studied the development of epileptic activities at the large-scale in male mice of the kainate model of unilateral temporal lobe epilepsy using high-density surface EEG and multiple-site intracortical recordings...
April 11, 2018: Journal of Neuroscience: the Official Journal of the Society for Neuroscience
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29516454/-moyamoya-disease-clinical-neuroradiological-neuropsychological-and-genetic-perspective
#15
R Espert, M Gadea, M Alino, J Oltra-Cucarella, C Perpina
INTRODUCTION: Moyamoya disease (MMD) is an occlusive cerebrovascular disease characterized by progressive stenosis or occlusion in the terminal portion of the bilateral internal carotid arteries, affecting both children and adults. AIM: To conduct a review and update on MMD from a clinical, neuroradiological, neuropsychological and genetic perspective. DEVELOPMENT: In this pathology, which occurs with ischemia or cerebral hemorrhage, an unusual compensatory vascular network (moyamoya vessels) develops at the base of the brain in the form of collateral channels...
March 1, 2018: Revista de Neurologia
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29499551/task-activation-and-functional-connectivity-show-concordant-memory-laterality-in-temporal-lobe-epilepsy
#16
Noah Sideman, Ganne Chaitanya, Xiaosong He, Gaelle Doucet, Na Young Kim, Michael R Sperling, Ashwini D Sharan, Joseph I Tracy
OBJECTIVE: In epilepsy, asymmetries in the organization of mesial temporal lobe (MTL) functions help determine the cognitive risk associated with procedures such as anterior temporal lobectomy. Past studies have investigated the change/shift in a visual episodic memory laterality index (LI) in mesial temporal lobe structures through functional magnetic resonance imaging (fMRI) task activations. Here, we examine whether underlying task-related functional connectivity (FC) is concordant with such standard fMRI laterality measures...
April 2018: Epilepsy & Behavior: E&B
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29495087/non-meningothelial-meningeal-tumours-with-meningioangiomatosis-like-pattern-of-spread
#17
J B Iorgulescu, S Ferris, A Agarwal, S Casavilca Zambrano, D A Hill, R Schmidt, A Perry
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
March 1, 2018: Neuropathology and Applied Neurobiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29479765/a-case-series-of-lacosamide-as-adjunctive-therapy-in-refractory-sleep-related-hypermotor-epilepsy-previously-nocturnal-frontal-lobe-epilepsy
#18
Shanika R Samarasekera, Samuel F Berkovic, Ingrid E Scheffer
The aim of this study was to evaluate the efficacy and tolerability of open-label lacosamide in patients with refractory sleep-related hypermotor epilepsy. The study was a case review of eight patients with refractory sleep-related hypermotor epilepsy treated with lacosamide. Seizure diaries compared the mean baseline seizure frequency with the most recent 3 months of follow-up. Five (62.5%) patients were responders, defined as ≥50% reduction in seizure frequency, over a mean duration of exposure of 21.5 months...
February 25, 2018: Journal of Sleep Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29454959/exophytic-cerebral-hemispheric-low-grade-glioma-unusual-growth-pattern-of-common-central-nervous-system-tumor
#19
Suyash Singh, Kuntal Kanti Das, Sushila Jaiswal, Raj Kumar
BACKGROUND: Exophytic growth (EG), wherein the tumor mass grows beyond the neuraxial boundary formed by pia mater, remains a rare pattern of glioma growth. It has been described in gliomas at several locations like the brainstem, cerebellum, suprasellar area, spinal cord, and insula. However, EG in hemispheric grade 2 astrocytomas, particularly affecting the convexity subarachnoid space, as against the more spacious basal subarachnoid space, is exceedingly rare. To the best of our knowledge, there is only 1 such case reported in the English literature...
May 2018: World Neurosurgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29454606/psychosocial-outcome-in-epilepsy-after-extratemporal-surgery
#20
Katrin Walther, Müjgan Dogan Onugoren, Michael Buchfelder, Stephanie Gollwitzer, Wolfgang Graf, Burkhard S Kasper, Peter Kriwy, Katrin Kurzbuch, Johannes Lang, Karl Rössler, Stefan Schwab, Michael Schwarz, Hermann Stefan, Hajo M Hamer
OBJECTIVE: Only limited data exist on psychosocial long-term outcome after epilepsy surgery in patients with extratemporal epilepsy. The aim of this study was to investigate psychosocial outcome after extratemporal epilepsy surgery and to assess factors predicting favorable outcome. METHOD: Sixty-five out of 104 eligible patients who had undergone extratemporal epilepsy surgery at our epilepsy center between 1990 and 2015 (mean age: 42.2. years; 75% of the resections in the frontal lobe) completed a questionnaire asking about seizure status, employment status, marital and living situation, driving status, depressive symptoms, and quality of life (QOL)...
April 2018: Epilepsy & Behavior: E&B
keyword
keyword
40791
1
2
Fetch more papers »
Fetching more papers... Fetching...
Read by QxMD. Sign in or create an account to discover new knowledge that matter to you.
Remove bar
Read by QxMD icon Read
×

Search Tips

Use Boolean operators: AND/OR

diabetic AND foot
diabetes OR diabetic

Exclude a word using the 'minus' sign

Virchow -triad

Use Parentheses

water AND (cup OR glass)

Add an asterisk (*) at end of a word to include word stems

Neuro* will search for Neurology, Neuroscientist, Neurological, and so on

Use quotes to search for an exact phrase

"primary prevention of cancer"
(heart or cardiac or cardio*) AND arrest -"American Heart Association"