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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29789322/a-missing-piece-the-spiny-mouse-and-the-puzzle-of-menstruating-species
#1
REVIEW
Nadia Bellofiore, Fiona Cousins, Peter Temple-Smith, Hayley Dickinson, Jemma Evans
We recently discovered the first known menstruating rodent. With the exception of four bats and the elephant shrew, the common spiny mouse ( Acomys cahirinus ) is the only species outside the primate order to exhibit menses. There are few widely accepted theories on why menstruation developed as the preferred reproductive strategy of these select mammals, all of which reference the evolution of spontaneous decidualisation prior to menstrual shedding. Though menstruating species share several reproductive traits, there has been no identifiable feature unique to menstruating species...
July 2018: Journal of Molecular Endocrinology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29783972/major-dietary-patterns-in-relation-to-menstrual-pain-a-nested-case-control-study
#2
Nastaran Najafi, Hamidreza Khalkhali, Fatemeh Moghaddam Tabrizi, Rasoul Zarrin
BACKGROUND: Dysmenorrhea is one of the most prevalent gynecological disorders, experienced by approximately two third of young women during menstruation. According to literature, nutrition can play a key role in the prevalence and severity of dysmenorrhea. This study aims to investigate the relation between dietary patterns and the risk of dysmenorrhea among university students. METHODS: A nested case control study was conducted among 293 students of Urmia University of Medical Sciences who were randomly recruited via a proportional cluster sampling method...
May 21, 2018: BMC Women's Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29783670/adult-premenopausal-bone-health-related-to-reproductive-characteristics-population-based-data-from-the-canadian-multicentre-osteoporosis-study-cam-os
#3
Azita Goshtasebi, Claudie Berger, Susan I Barr, Christopher S Kovacs, Tanveer Towheed, K Shawn Davison, Jerilynn C Prior
Amenorrhea is important for women's bone health. However, few have reported reproductive, anthropometric (body mass index [BMI], height) and bone health (areal bone mineral density [BMD], prevalent fractures) in a population-based study. The purposes of this cross-sectional study of women in the randomly-selected Canadian Multicentre Osteoporosis Study (CaM os ) population were: (1) to describe reproductive, demographic, anthropometric and lifestyle variables; and (2) in menstruating women, to relate reproductive and other variables to BMD at the lumbar spine (L1-4, LS), femoral neck (FN) and total hip (TH) sites and to prevalent fragility fractures...
May 18, 2018: International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29783630/does-molimina-indicate-ovulation-prospective-data-in-a-hormonally-documented-single-cycle-in-spontaneously-menstruating-women
#4
Jerilynn C Prior, Chiaki Konishi, Christine L Hitchcock, Elaine Kingwell, Patti Janssen, Anthony P Cheung, Nichole Fairbrother, Azita Goshtasebi
Approximately 33% of normal-length (21⁻35 days) cycles have subclinical ovulatory disturbances and lack sufficient progesterone, although their normal length ensures enough estrogen. Subclinical ovulatory disturbances are related to significant premenopausal spine bone loss (-0.86%/year). Molimina, non-distressing premenstrual experiences, may detect ovulation within normal-length cycles. This prospective study assessed the relationship between molimina and ovulation. After 1-cycle of daily diary and first morning urine collections, women answered the Molimina Question (MQ): " Can you tell by the way you feel that your period is coming? " and were invited to share (a) predictive premenstrual experience(s)...
May 18, 2018: International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29782643/lifetime-number-of-years-of-menstruation-as-a-risk-index-for-postmenopausal-endometrial-cancer-in-the-norwegian-women-and-cancer-study
#5
Oxana Gavrilyuk, Tonje Braaten, Elisabete Weiderpass, Idlir Licaj, Eiliv Lund
INTRODUCTION: Lifetime number of years of menstruation (LNYM) reflects a woman's cumulative exposure to endogenous estrogen and can be used as a measure of the combined effect of reproductive factors related to endometrial cancer (EC) risk. MATERIAL AND METHODS: We aimed to study the association between LNYM and EC risk among postmenopausal women and calculate the population attributable fraction of EC for different LNYM categories. Our study sample consisted of 117 589 women from the Norwegian Women and Cancer (NOWAC) Study...
May 21, 2018: Acta Obstetricia et Gynecologica Scandinavica
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29782306/urticarial-lesions-in-a-pregnant-woman
#6
Sergio Santos-Alarcón, Cesar Benavente-Villegas, Isabel García-Briz, Magdalena Moneva-Léniz, Celia Sanchis-Sánchez, Almudena Mateu-Puchades
Dear Editor, Gestational pemphigoid (GP) is a rare autoimmune bullous dermatosis in pregnancy. GP usually occurs during the second or third month of pregnancy. It clinically manifests as the development of either early-onset urticarial lesions or late-onset subepidermal blisters that may linger for weeks or even months. Herein we report the case of a 45-year-old woman with the distinctive clinical onset of GP. A forty-five-year-old woman, gravida I, para 0, at 27 weeks gestation, was referred for evaluation to our Department with an extensive pruritic eruption that had developed over the previous 7 days...
April 2018: Acta Dermatovenerologica Croatica: ADC
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29778270/is-female-health-cyclical-evolutionary-perspectives-on-menstruation
#7
REVIEW
Alexandra Alvergne, Vedrana Högqvist Tabor
Why do some females menstruate at all? Answering this question has implications for understanding the tight links between reproductive function and organismal immunity. Here we build on the growing evidence that menstruation is the byproduct of a 'choosy uterus' to: (i) make the theoretical case for the idea that female immunity is cyclical in menstruating species, (ii) evaluate the evidence for the menstrual modulation of immunity and health in humans, and (iii) speculate on the implications of cyclical female health for female behaviour, male immunity, and host-pathogen interactions...
June 2018: Trends in Ecology & Evolution
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29777647/correlates-of-postpartum-sexual-activity-and-contraceptive-use-in-kano-northern-nigeria
#8
Zubairu Iliyasu, Hadiza S Galadanci, Khadija M Danlami, Hamisu M Salihu, Muktar H Aliyu
Practices related to resumption of coitus after childbirth remains poorly documented in Nigeria. This study examined factors associated with sexual intercourse, delivery-coitus interval, and contraceptive use among postpartum women attending a tertiary centre in Kano, northern Nigeria. A cross section of 317 women attending immunization, postnatal and family planning clinics within 12 months of childbirth was interviewed using a structured questionnaire. Vaginal intercourse was resumed by most women (n=212; 66...
March 2018: African Journal of Reproductive Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29769824/immune-response-in-women-during-exercise-in-the-heat-a-spotlight-on-oral-contraception
#9
Brianna Larsen, Amanda J Cox, Karlee Quinn, Rhiannon Fisher, Clare Minahan
This study compared the immune and stress response of oral contraceptive users (WomenOC; n = 9) to normally-menstruating women (WomenNM; n = 9) at rest and during exercise in temperate (TEMP; 22°C) and hot (HEAT; 35°C) conditions. Participants performed a 3-stage cycling trial in each condition at 90% (Stage 1; 30 min), 135% (Stage 2; 15 min), and 180% (Stage 3; 7.5 min) of lactate threshold 1. C-reactive protein (CRP) and immune cell counts were measured at rest, and serum cytokines (IL-1β, IL-1RA, IL-6, IL-8, IL-10, and TNF-α) and salivary cortisol were evaluated before and after exercise in both the TEMP and HEAT conditions...
June 2018: Journal of Sports Science & Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29769069/health-related-quality-of-life-among-chinese-adolescent-girls-with-dysmenorrhoea
#10
Cho Lee Wong
BACKGROUND: Primary dysmenorrhoea is common in girls who have begun menstruating. However, few studies have examined its effect on the quality of life of a young population. The study aimed to evaluate the quality of life of adolescent girls with dysmenorrhoea in Hong Kong. METHODS: The study adopted a cross-sectional descriptive approach. A convenience sample of 653 girls aged 13 to 19 years old was recruited from three secondary schools in Hong Kong. The 36-item Short-Form Health Survey was used to examine the health-related quality of life of the participants...
May 16, 2018: Reproductive Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29765925/decline-in-pulmonary-function-tests-after-menopause
#11
Jyoti Memoalia, Batul Anjum, Navinderpal Singh, Mrityunjay Gupta
Objectives: Menopause is the permanent cessation of menstruation resulting from the loss of ovarian follicular activity. There is limited and conflicting evidence for an association between lung function and menopause. The purpose of this study is to evaluate Pulmonary Function Test (PFT) in postmenopausal women. Methods: Digital Spirometer was used to measure PFTs in premenopausal (n = 49) and postmenopausal (n = 46) women. Results: Significant decline in many PFT parameters was observed...
April 2018: Journal of Menopausal Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29756706/ovarian-masses-in-infant-juvenile-age
#12
Kaan Sonmez, Zafer Turkyilmaz, Ramazan Karabulut, A Can Basaklar
INTRODUCTION: The appropraite surgical treatment to pediatric patients with ovarian lesions are heterogeneous and ovarian preservation is desirable in children. The aim of this study is to the discuss findings related to a set of patients who were operated on for ovarian lesions. PATIENTS AND METHODS: A retrospective study carried out in 13 years on 56 patients under the age of 17. These patients were divided into 3 groups according to ovarian pathologic diagnosis: 25 with functional (cyts and torsion), 18 with epithelial ovarian lesions and 13 with germ cell tumours...
June 1, 2018: Archivos Argentinos de Pediatría
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29751627/anti-inflammatory-triterpenoids-from-the-caulophyllum-robustum-maximin-lps-stimulated-raw264-7-cells
#13
Bin-Hua Qin, Xin-Qiao Liu, Qiao-Yu Yuan, Jing Wang, Hai-Yan Han
Caulophyllum robustum Maxim is widely distributed in China and used as a traditional herbal medicine to induce childbirth, ease the pain of labor, rectify delayed or irregular menstruation, alleviate heavy bleeding and pain during menstruation, and treat external injuries and irregular menses. According to our detailed chemical investigation, three new triterpene derivatives ( 1 ⁻ 3 ), together with seven known compounds, were isolated from the root and rhizome of C. robustum Maxim. Their structures were elucidated by 1D- and 2D-NMR spectroscopic analysis and physio-chemical methods...
May 11, 2018: Molecules: a Journal of Synthetic Chemistry and Natural Product Chemistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29751539/the-relationship-between-household-sanitation-and-women-s-experience-of-menstrual-hygiene-findings-from-a-cross-sectional-survey-in-kaduna-state-nigeria
#14
Julie Hennegan, Linnea Zimmerman, Alexandra K Shannon, Natalie G Exum, Funmilola OlaOlorun, Elizabeth Omoluabi, Kellogg J Schwab
Global efforts to improve sanitation have emphasized the needs of women and girls. Managing menstruation is one such need, yet there is scarce research capturing current practices. This study investigated the relationships between household sanitation and women’s experience of menstrual management. Secondary analyses were undertaken on data from 1994 women and girls collected through the Performance Monitoring and Accountability 2020 survey in Kaduna, Nigeria. In multivariable models, women had higher odds of using the main household sanitation facility for menstrual management when they had access to a basic (OR = 1...
May 3, 2018: International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29750173/radiotherapy-for-adult-medulloblastoma-evaluation-of-helical-tomotherapy-volumetric-intensity-modulated-arc-therapy-and-three-dimensional-conformal-radiotherapy-and-the-results-of-helical-tomotherapy-therapy
#15
Sun Zong-Wen, Yang Shuang-Yan, Du Feng-Lei, Cheng Xiao-Long, Li Qinglin, Chen Meng-Yuan, Hua Yong-Hong, Jin Ting, Hu Qiao-Ying, Chen Xiao-Zhong, Chen Yuan-Yuan, Chen Ming
Introduction: All adult medulloblastoma (AMB) patients should be treated with craniospinal irradiation (CSI) postoperatively. Because of the long irradiation range, multiple radiation fields must be designed for conventional radiotherapy technology. CSI can be completed in only one session with helical tomotherapy (HT). We evaluated the dose of HT, volumetric intensity modulated arc therapy (VMAT), and three-dimensional conformal radiotherapy (3D-CRT) of AMB and the results of 5 cases of AMB treated with HT...
2018: BioMed Research International
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29747750/crocus-sativus-a-natural-food-coloring-and-flavoring-has-potent-anti-tumor-properties
#16
REVIEW
Zahra Khorasanchi, Mojtaba Shafiee, Farnoush Kermanshahi, Majid Khazaei, Mikhail Ryzhikov, Mohammad Reza Parizadeh, Behnoush Kermanshahi, Gordon A Ferns, Amir Avan, Seyed Mahdi Hassanian
BACKGROUND: Saffron, the dried stigmas of Crocus sativus L., is a highly valued agricultural product that is used mainly as a food coloring and flavoring agent. Three main secondary metabolites of Crocus sativus including crocin, picrocrocin, and safranal are responsible for the color, the bitter taste and for the odor and aroma, respectively. As a component of traditional medicine, saffron has been utilized as a medicinal herb for treating various ailments including cramps, asthma, liver disease, menstruation disorders, pain, and in the pathogenesis of cancer...
April 1, 2018: Phytomedicine: International Journal of Phytotherapy and Phytopharmacology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29744977/the-management-of-anaemia-and-haematinic-deficiencies-in-pregnancy-and-post-partum
#17
REVIEW
N B A Roy, S Pavord
Anaemia is one of the most common disorders in the world (24·8% of the world population) (de Benoist 2008) and affects patients of all ages and ethnic origins. Underlying causes and prevalences vary by age group and socioeconomic background, but pregnant women everywhere are at high risk of anaemia, the vast majority of cases being due to iron deficiency. One in four pregnant women in Europe are thought to have iron deficiency anaemia (Daru et al., March 2016), whereas in parts of Africa, where hookworm infestation is common, this has been estimated to be as high as 38% (Stevens et al...
April 2018: Transfusion Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29743046/the-effect-of-pre-pregnancy-hair-dye-exposure-on-infant-birth-weight-a-nested-case-control-study
#18
Chao Jiang, Qingzhi Hou, Yaling Huang, Juan Ye, Xiaolian Qin, Yu Zhang, Wen Meng, Qiuyan Wang, Yonghua Jiang, Haiying Zhang, Mujun Li, Zengnan Mo, Xiaobo Yang
BACKGROUND: Limited evidences were reported about the risk of pre-pregnancy hair dye use or irregular menstruation with abnormal birth weight during pregnancy, and their joint effects were also unknown. The aim of our study was to explore whether the pre-pregnancy exposure of hair dye and irregular menstruation were associated with the risk of abnormal birth weight. METHODS: We conducted a nested case-control study from a prospective cohort of 6203 pregnant women...
May 9, 2018: BMC Pregnancy and Childbirth
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29741912/therapeutic-effects-of-standardized-formulation-of-stachys-lavandulifolia-vahl-on-primary-dysmenorrhea-a-randomized-double-blind-crossover-placebo-controlled-pilot-study
#19
Faezeh Monji, Farshad Hashemian, Mohammad-Hossein Salehi Surmaghi, Fatemeh Mohammadyari, Saeid Ghiyaei, Alireza Soltanmohammadi
OBJECTIVES: In Iranian folklore medicine, boiled extract of Stachys lavandulifolia Vahl is reputed to have therapeutic effects in painful disorders. This study evaluated the efficacy of the standardized formulation of S. lavandulifolia Vahl in reducing pain in primary dysmenorrhea, which is known to be a common disorder with significant impact on quality of life. DESIGN: A randomized, double blind, crossover, placebo-controlled pilot study. SETTINGS/LOCATION: Bu-Ali Hospital affiliated with Tehran Medical Branch, Islamic Azad University...
May 9, 2018: Journal of Alternative and Complementary Medicine: Research on Paradigm, Practice, and Policy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29739679/low-trabecular-bone-score-in-adolescent-female-inpatients-with-anorexia-nervosa
#20
Yael Levy-Shraga, Liana Tripto-Shkolnik, Dana David, Iris Vered, Daniel Stein, Dalit Modan-Moses
BACKGROUND & AIMS: Trabecular bone score (TBS) is an emerging technology that provides information regarding bone microarchitecture. A recent study showed that in healthy girls normal TBS (≥1.35) was achieved within the first year post-menarche. The aims of our study was to assess TBS in adolescents with anorexia nervosa (AN) and to evaluate correlations with clinical, laboratory and densitometric variables. METHODS: A cohort study of 208 adolescent females (mean age 15...
April 26, 2018: Clinical Nutrition: Official Journal of the European Society of Parenteral and Enteral Nutrition
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