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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28091892/bariatric-roux-en-y-gastric-bypass-surgery-adipocyte-proteins-involved-in-increased-bone-remodeling-in-humans
#1
Maria Fernanda G Biagioni, Adriana L Mendes, Célia Regina Nogueira, Celso V Leite, Loraine Gollino, Gláucia Mfs Mazeto
PURPOSE: Bariatric surgery has been associated with bone remodeling changes. The action of adipokines on the expression of receptor activator of nuclear factor kappa β ligand (RANKL) and osteoprotegerin (OPG) and on an increase in sclerostin could be related to these changes. MATERIALS AND METHODS: This study aimed to assess the repercussions of weight loss, fat mass (FM), and fat-free mass (FFM) loss and biochemical and hormonal changes on bone remodeling markers after Roux-en-Y gastric bypass (RYGB)...
January 13, 2017: Obesity Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28079409/promoting-awareness-of-neonatal-menstruation
#2
Paola Bianchi, Giuseppe Benagiano, Ivo Brosens
Neonatal uterine bleeding (NUB) has been carefully studied in the past through case reports, small series, clinical cohort studies, pathology investigations of fetal and neonatal. Following a historical recount, this review summarizes biological mechanisms conditioning NUB, starting from the persistence till birth of an 'ontogenetic progesterone resistance' (OPR), causing decreased responsiveness of target tissues to bioavailable progesterone. Several pregnancy-related conditions, such as preeclampsia, fetal growth restriction, prematurity, post-maturity and even Rhesus or ABO incompatibility, influence the occurrence of NUB...
January 12, 2017: Gynecological Endocrinology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28077439/the-functional-expression-of-transient-receptor-potential-channels-in-the-mouse-endometrium
#3
Katrien De Clercq, Charlotte Van den Eynde, Aurélie Hennes, Rieta Van Bree, Thomas Voets, Joris Vriens
STUDY QUESTION: Does mouse endometrial epithelial cells and stromal cells have a similar transient receptor potential (TRP)-channel expression profile and to that found in the human endometrium? SUMMARY ANSWER: Mouse endometrial epithelial and stromal cells have a distinct TRP channel expression profile analogous to what has been found in human endometrium, and hence suggests the mouse a good model to investigate the role of TRP channels in reproduction. WHAT IS KNOWN ALREADY: An optimal intercellular communication between epithelial and stromal endometrial cells is crucial for successful reproduction...
January 6, 2017: Human Reproduction
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28058485/the-current-profile-of-persistent-cloaca-and-cloacal-exstrophy-in-japan-the-results-of-a-nationwide-survey-in-2014-and-a-review-of-the-literature
#4
Masayuki Kubota
PURPOSE: The current profile of persistent cloaca (PC) and cloacal exstrophy (CE) in Japan was first examined in 2014. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Information was obtained by sending a questionnaire to 244 university hospitals and children's hospitals. RESULTS: Responses from 113 institutions reported 466 PC cases and 229 CE cases. The incidences of PC and CE from 1980 to 2012 were 0.97 and 0.49 per 100,000 live births, respectively. In the previous 5 years, antenatal abnormalities were found in 57...
January 5, 2017: Pediatric Surgery International
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28057931/the-oprm1-a118g-polymorphism-modulates-the-descending-pain-modulatory-system-for-individual-pain-experience-in-young-women-with-primary-dysmenorrhea
#5
Shyh-Yuh Wei, Li-Fen Chen, Ming-Wei Lin, Wei-Chi Li, Intan Low, Ching-Ju Yang, Hsiang-Tai Chao, Jen-Chuen Hsieh
The mu-opioid receptor (OPRM1) A118G polymorphism underpins different pain sensitivity and opioid-analgesic outcome with unclear effect on the descending pain modulatory system (DPMS). Primary dysmenorrhea (PDM), the most prevalent gynecological problem with clear painful and pain free conditions, serves as a good clinical model of spontaneous pain. The objective of this imaging genetics study was therefore to explore if differences in functional connectivity (FC) of the DPMS between the OPRM1 A118G polymorphisms could provide a possible explanation for the differences in pain experience...
January 6, 2017: Scientific Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28050409/prevalence-of-anaemia-and-its-associated-risk-factors-among-adolescent-girls-of-central-kerala
#6
P M Siva, A Sobha, V D Manjula
INTRODUCTION: Adolescent age group is the window of opportunity to correct nutritional status of children. If we intervene correctly during this period we can prevent future consequences of nutritional deficiencies. Very few studies have been conducted in kerala regarding adolescent anaemia. AIM: To estimate prevalence of anaemia and its associated factors among adolescent girls of central Kerala, India. MATERIALS AND METHODS: A cross-sectional study was conducted among 257 adolescent girls of ettumanoor panchayat, the field practice area of Government Medical College, Kottayam...
November 2016: Journal of Clinical and Diagnostic Research: JCDR
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28050402/association-of-age-at-menarche-with-anthropometric-measures-in-punjabi-bania-girls
#7
Pratibha Goyal, Zora Singh, Gurmeet Kaur Sethi
INTRODUCTION: Menarcheal age is the age at which menstruation begins. Menarcheal age is regarded as a sensitive indicator of physical, biological and psychological environment. AIM: 1) To determine the menarcheal age and to examine the relationship between current age at menarche with anthropometric measures in Punjabi bania girls. 2) To develop maturity standards for Bania girls. MATERIALS AND METHODS: The present cross-sectional survey was carried out on 200 bania girls at the age of onset of menarche...
November 2016: Journal of Clinical and Diagnostic Research: JCDR
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28042403/comparison-of-the-effect-of-stretching-exercises-and-mefenamic-acid-on-the-reduction-of-pain-and-menstruation-characteristics-in-primary-dysmenorrhea-a-randomized-clinical-trial
#8
Narges Motahari-Tabari, Marjan Ahmad Shirvani, Abbas Alipour
OBJECTIVES: Dysmenorrhea is a common gynecologic disorder. Although non-steroidal anti-inflammatory drugs are commonly used, due to their side effects and lack of response in some individuals, other approaches such as exercise have been considered. This study compared the effect of stretching exercises and mefenamic acid on the reduction of pain and menstruation characteristics in primary dysmenorrhea. METHODS: In this randomized clinical trial, 122 female students with moderate to severe dysmenorrhea were assessed and were placed in either the exercise or mefenamic acid group...
January 2017: Oman Medical Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28039290/measuring-the-prevalence-and-impact-of-poor-menstrual-hygiene-management-a-quantitative-survey-of-schoolgirls-in-rural-uganda
#9
Julie Hennegan, Catherine Dolan, Maryalice Wu, Linda Scott, Paul Montgomery
OBJECTIVES: The primary objective was to describe Ugandan schoolgirls' menstrual hygiene management (MHM) practices and estimate the prevalence of inadequate MHM. Second, to assess the relative contribution of aspects of MHM to health, education and psychosocial outcomes. DESIGN: Secondary analysis of survey data collected as part of the final follow-up from a controlled trial of reusable sanitary pad and puberty education provision was used to provide a cross-sectional description of girls' MHM practices and assess relationships with outcomes...
December 30, 2016: BMJ Open
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28031375/urinary-phytoestrogen-concentrations-are-not-associated-with-incident-endometriosis-in-premenopausal-women
#10
Sunni L Mumford, Jennifer Weck, Kurunthachalam Kannan, Germaine M Buck Louis
BACKGROUND: Phytoestrogens have been associated with subtle hormonal changes, but their effects on endometriosis are largely unknown. OBJECTIVE: We assessed the association between urinary concentrations of phytoestrogens and incident endometriosis. METHODS: We included an operative sample of 495 premenopausal women aged 18-44 y undergoing laparoscopies and laparotomies at 14 clinical sites between 2007 and 2009 and a general population sample of 131 women from the same geographic area who were matched on age and menstruation status...
December 28, 2016: Journal of Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28025753/-gushing-out-blood-defloration-and-menstruation-in-memoirs-of-a-woman-of-pleasure
#11
Sara Read
John Cleland's 1740s pornographic novel, Memoirs of a Woman of Pleasure repeatedly depicts and eroticises the act of defloration. As such it is a revealing illustration of what Ivan Bloch termed the 'defloration mania' of the eighteenth century. This article maps narrative events on to contemporary medical depictions of first intercourse to show the ways that the theories and ideas presented in medical and pseudo-medical texts transferred into erotic fiction and demonstrates how in some instances the bloody defloration scenes can be read as being sex during menstruation, an act which was culturally forbidden at this time...
December 26, 2016: Journal of Medical Humanities
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28012273/timing-of-insertion-of-levonorgestrel-releasing-intrauterine-system-a-randomised-controlled-trial
#12
Pahh van der Heijden, Pmaj Geomini, M C Herman, S Veersema, M Y Bongers
OBJECTIVE: The objective was to assess whether patient-perceived pain during the insertion of the levonorgestrel-releasing intrauterine system (LNG-IUS) depends on the timing during the menstrual cycle. DESIGN: A stratified two-armed non-inferiority randomised controlled trial. SETTING: Large teaching hospital in Veldhoven, the Netherlands. SAMPLE: From October 2013 to May 2014, 60 nulliparous and 60 multiparous women were randomised...
January 2017: BJOG: An International Journal of Obstetrics and Gynaecology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28006769/is-menstruation-or-the-serum-hormone-level-a-useful-predictor-for-live-birth-after-gonadotropin-releasing-hormone-agonist-during-chemotherapy-in-young-breast-cancer-patients
#13
Dong-Yun Lee, DooSeok Choi
AIMS: The study aimed to investigate whether changes in menstruation or hormone levels are useful parameters to assess the efficacy of gonadotropin-releasing hormone (GnRH) agonist co-treatment with chemotherapy. METHODS: This study included women in their reproductive age diagnosed with breast cancer and who received GnRH agonist during chemotherapy for ovarian protection. Women with treatment failure (follicle-stimulating hormone (FSH) level >20 mIU/mL after at least 12 months and failure for becoming pregnant; n = 16) or with treatment success (becoming pregnant spontaneously and having a live birth; n = 20) were selected, and clinical characteristics, resumption of menstruation, and changes in hormone profiles were compared...
December 23, 2016: Gynecologic and Obstetric Investigation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28002415/menstruation-and-the-cycle-of-poverty-a-cluster-quasi-randomised-control-trial-of-sanitary-pad-and-puberty-education-provision-in-uganda
#14
Paul Montgomery, Julie Hennegan, Catherine Dolan, Maryalice Wu, Laurel Steinfield, Linda Scott
BACKGROUND: Poor menstrual knowledge and access to sanitary products have been proposed as barriers to menstrual health and school attendance. In response, interventions targeting these needs have seen increasing implementation in public and private sectors. However, there has been limited assessment of their effectiveness. OBJECTIVES: Assess the impact of providing reusable sanitary pads and puberty education on girls' school attendance and psychosocial wellbeing outcomes...
2016: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27999118/effect-of-pretreatment-with-oral-contraceptives-and-progestins-on-ivf-outcomes-in-women-with-polycystic-ovary-syndrome
#15
Daimin Wei, Yuhua Shi, Jing Li, Ze Wang, Lin Zhang, Yun Sun, Hong Zhou, Yuping Xu, Chunxiang Wu, Ling Liu, Qiongfang Wu, Lili Zhuang, Yanzhi Du, Weiping Li, Heping Zhang, Richard S Legro, Zi-Jiang Chen
STUDY QUESTION: Do oral contraceptives (OCs) and progestins impact live birth rate of IVF when used for cycle scheduling in women with polycystic ovary syndrome (PCOS)? SUMMARY ANSWER: OCs used for scheduling IVF cycle were associated with lowered rates of pregnancy and live birth after fresh embryo transfer, whereas progestins used for this purpose yield higher rates of pregnancy and live birth than OCs. WHAT IS KNOWN ALREADY: Due to oligo-menorrhea in PCOS, OCs and progestin are extensively used to schedule the start of an IVF cycle in women with PCOS...
December 19, 2016: Human Reproduction
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27997272/progesterone-receptors-and-proliferation-of-the-endometrium-in-obese-women-with-polycystic-ovary-syndrome-a-lifestyle-intervention-study
#16
M Paulson, L Sahlin, A L Hirschberg
CONTEXT: Polycystic ovary syndrome (PCOS) is associated with increased risk of endometrial cancer. This is usually explained by chronic anovulation and deficient progesterone activity. However, the role of progesterone receptors (PRs) in endometrial proliferation is unclear. OBJECTIVE: To evaluate PRs in relation to endometrial proliferation in women with PCOS. DESIGN: Cross-sectional study and lifestyle intervention. SETTINGS: Clinical and laboratory research unit at a university hospital...
December 20, 2016: Journal of Clinical Endocrinology and Metabolism
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27994989/the-influence-of-the-menstrual-phases-on-polysomnography
#17
Andrew R Spector, Daniel Loriaux, Diana Alexandru, Sanford H Auerbach
PURPOSE:  The primary objective of this study is to determine how the phases of the menstrual cycle influence the results of polysomnography (PSG). METHODS:  Twenty-eight adult subjects who reported regular menstrual periods, last menstrual period (LMP) within 26 days of their PSG, no exogenous hormone use, no history of polycystic ovarian syndrome, and who were scheduled for diagnostic PSG at Boston Medical satisfied inclusion criteria for the study. These subjects were divided into a Follicular Cohort (days 0-13 of the cycle) or Luteal Cohort (days 14-26 of the cycle), and a one-way analysis using a t-test was performed to test the hypothesis that the follicular phase confers protection against obstructive sleep apnea (OSA)...
November 9, 2016: Curēus
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27992931/extrapelvic-endometriosis
#18
Anne C Davis, Jeffrey M Goldberg
Extrapelvic endometriosis is a rare and complex phenomenon. The pathologic mechanism of intrapelvic endometriosis is generally accepted as being largely due to retrograde menstruation through the fallopian tubes; however, the mechanism by which extrapelvic endometriosis forms has proven to be much more elusive. This article reviews the pathophysiology, clinical signs and symptoms, diagnostic techniques, and treatment recommendations for extrapelvic endometriosis of the umbilicus, abdominal wall, thorax, and vulva...
December 19, 2016: Seminars in Reproductive Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27990196/levonorgestrel-releasing-intrauterine-system-52-mg-for-idiopathic-heavy-menstrual-bleeding-a-health-technology-assessment
#19
(no author information available yet)
BACKGROUND: Heavy menstrual bleeding affects as many as one in three women and has negative physical, economic, and psychosocial impacts including activity limitations and reduced quality of life. The goal of treatment is to make menstruation manageable, and options include medical therapy or surgery such as endometrial ablation or hysterectomy. This review examined the evidence of effectiveness and cost-effectiveness of the 52-mg levonorgestrel-releasing intrauterine system (LNG-IUS) as a treatment alternative for idiopathic heavy menstrual bleeding...
2016: Ontario Health Technology Assessment Series
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27987506/-clinical-application-and-prognostic-analysis-of-interventional-treatment-for-cesarean-scar-pregnancy
#20
J Y Lu, J P Gu, W J Xu, W S Lou, W Y Shi, T Wang, Z F Shao
OBJECTIVE: To analyze the clinical value and prognosis of cesarean scar pregnancy (CSP) treated by uterine artery embolization (UAE). METHODS: In the study, 492 cases of patients in Nanjing Maternal and Child Health Care Hospital Affiliated to Nanjing Medical University diagnosed as CSP between January 2011 and December 2014 were chosen, of which 283 were of high-risk group and 209 of low-risk group. According to whether to take UAE, the high-risk group was subdivided into high-risk UAE group(UAE+laparoscopic group), 167 cases, and high-risk non UAE group (chemotherapy+laparoscopic group), 116 cases, while the low-risk group was subdivided into low-risk UAE group (UAE+curettage group), 113 cases, and low-risk non UAE group(chemotherapy+curettage group), 96 cases...
December 18, 2016: Beijing da Xue Xue Bao. Yi Xue Ban, Journal of Peking University. Health Sciences
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