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Eun-Young Nam, Sun Ah Kim, Heejung Kim, Su-Hyun Kim, Jae-Hyun Han, Ju-Hee Lee, Dong-Il Kim
ETHNOPHARMACOLOGICAL RELEVANCE: Evodiae Fructus (EF) is the dried, unripe fruit of Evodia rutaecarpa Benth., and one of the main components of traditional herbal prescriptions issued for the treatment of sterility caused by irregular menstruation in Korea. However, scientific evidence regarding the efficacy and action mechanism of EF is lacking. AIM OF THE STUDY: In this study, the authors established an in vitro screening tool to identify promising new drug candidates in herbal medicines for the prevention and treatment of premature ovarian failure...
October 18, 2016: Journal of Ethnopharmacology
Ernesto González-Mesa, Emilia Villegas
For centuries it has been considered that the due date for delivery in our species is 280 days after the onset of the last menstruation. However, in most cases this statement is not accurate. The main objective of this study was to determine the mean duration of pregnancy in our setting and whether it has experienced changes in recent years. A retrospective, population-based descriptive study was made of 102,169 deliveries assisted in Malaga University Hospital (Malaga, Andalusia, Spain) during the period 1998-2015...
October 19, 2016: Journal of Obstetrics and Gynaecology: the Journal of the Institute of Obstetrics and Gynaecology
V E Radzinsky, M B Khamoshina, E N Nosenko, A O Dukhin, M A Sojunov, A A Orazmuradov, M G Lebedeva, M R Orazov
OBJECTIVE: To observe the effects of levonorgestrel-releasing intrauterine system (LNG-IUS) in treatment of chronic pelvic pain associated with adenomyosis (AM) and in prevention of its recurrence. METHODS: A prospective continuing study including 180 patients with chronic pelvic pain associated with AM who received insertion of LNG-IUS who were divided into three groups depending on the pain severity. The visual analog scale (VAS) was used for pain assessment before and during the treatment and transvaginal ultrasonic measurement of the uterine size, while various side effects, were observed and recorded...
October 2016: Gynecological Endocrinology
Lola Corzo, Susana Rodríguez, Ramón Alejo, Lucía Fernández-Novoa, Gjumrakch Aliev, Ramón Cacabelos
Menopause is a natural event in women´s lives leading to the cessation of menstruation and the reproductive function due to loss of the ovarian follicular function. Menopause-derived estrogen deprivation and related endocrine factors are linked to some symptoms of middle-aged women, such as hot flashes, aches, joint pain, stiffness, depressed mood, bone degeneration, nutritional dysfunction, or difficulty to maintain body mass. Clinical approaches to these problems often involve hormone replacement therapy (HRT) and other modalities of therapeutic intervention...
October 14, 2016: Current Drug Metabolism
Shi Lu, Hong-Ling Zhang, Ya-Jun Zhang, Qing-Chun Shao
This study investigated the prevalence and risk factors of urinary incontinence (UI) among perimenopausal women in Wuhan. A cross-sectional survey was performed on 1067 women aged 40-65 years sampled in Wuhan urban area from April to October 2014. Information about demographic characteristics, menstruation, parity and UI symptoms was collected using a questionnaire. The data were evaluated by Chi-square test and multiple Logistic regression analysis. The prevalence rate of UI was 37.2%, with stress UI (32.2%) being more prevalent than urgency UI (21...
October 2016: Journal of Huazhong University of Science and Technology. Medical Sciences
Jessica H Knight, Penelope P Howards, Jessica B Spencer, Katina C Tsagaris, Sam S Lim
OBJECTIVE: Systemic lupus erythematosus (SLE) disproportionately affects women and often develops during their reproductive years. Research suggests that some women who receive cyclophosphamide as treatment for SLE experience earlier decline in menstrual function, but reproductive health among women with SLE who have not taken this drug is less well understood. This study aims to better understand the relation between SLE and reproduction by assessing early secondary amenorrhoea and pregnancy in women treated with and without cyclophosphamide from a population-based cohort with large numbers of African-Americans...
2016: Lupus Science & Medicine
Mohamed M Abd El-Mawgod, Arwa S Alshaibany, Aeshah M Al-Anazi
BACKGROUND: Dysmenorrhea is one of the most common and important health problems, especially among young girls. It results in absence from school and work. It has some negative effects on the daily activities of patients. Because of cultural problems, patients ordinarily do not seek help from others in this situation. Identification of abnormal menstrual patterns during adolescence may permit early prevention of potential health concerns in adulthood. OBJECTIVES: The aim of this study was to determine the prevalence, severity, and impact of dysmenorrhea in secondary-school students and its association with school absenteeism in Arar city...
September 2016: Journal of the Egyptian Public Health Association
Mandira Paul, Sharad D Iyengar, Birgitta Essén, Kristina Gemzell-Danielsson, Kirti Iyengar, Johan Bring, Marie Klingberg-Allvin
BACKGROUND: Post-abortion contraceptive use in India is low and the use of modern methods of contraception is rare, especially in rural areas. This study primarily compares contraceptive use among women whose abortion outcome was assessed in-clinic with women who assessed their abortion outcome at home, in a low-resource, primary health care setting. Moreover, it investigates how background characteristics and abortion service provision influences contraceptive use post-abortion. METHODS: A randomized controlled, non-inferiority, trial (RCT) compared clinic follow-up with home-assessment of abortion outcome at 2 weeks post-abortion...
October 17, 2016: BMC Public Health
Alexandra J Hawkey, Jane M Ussher, Janette Perz, Christine Metusela
Experiences and constructions of menarche and menstruation are shaped by the sociocultural environment in which women are embedded. We explored experiences and constructions of menarche and menstruation among migrant and refugee women resettled in Sydney, Australia, and Vancouver, Canada. Seventy-eight semistructured individual interviews and 15 focus groups comprised of 82 participants were undertaken with women from Afghanistan, Iraq, Somalia, South Sudan, Sudan, Sri Lanka, and varying South American countries...
October 14, 2016: Qualitative Health Research
Huihua Cai, Lin Qiao, KaiJing Song, Yuanli He
STUDY OBJECTIVE: To compare the efficacy of an oxidized, regenerated cellulose adhesion barrier (Interceed, Ethicon Inc., Somerville, NJ, USA) combined with intrauterine device (IUD) versus IUD alone for preventing adhesion recurrence following hysteroscopic adhesiolysis for moderate to severe intrauterine adhesions (IUAs). DESIGN: Retrospective case series (Canadian Task Force classification III). SETTING: Tertiary care teaching hospital...
October 11, 2016: Journal of Minimally Invasive Gynecology
Puja Dudeja, Apoorva Sindhu, Pooja Shankar, Tukaram Gadekar
INTRODUCTION: Reproductive health of adolescent girls is crucial as it determines the health of future generations. School girls when experiencing menarche find themselves in a setting without water, toilets or a supportive female teacher to explain the changes happening in their body. An important concern for adolescent girls is to have adequate, correct knowledge along with facilities and the cultural environment to manage menstruation hygienically and with dignity. Hence, the present study was done to assess knowledge and practices about menstruation in adolescent school girls of an urban slum...
October 14, 2016: International Journal of Adolescent Medicine and Health
K V S Hari Kumar, Anurag Garg, N S Ajai Chandra, S P Singh, Rakesh Datta
Voice is one of the advanced features of natural evolution that differentiates human beings from other primates. The human voice is capable of conveying the thoughts into spoken words along with a subtle emotion to the tone. This extraordinary character of the voice in expressing multiple emotions is the gift of God to the human beings and helps in effective interpersonal communication. Voice generation involves close interaction between cerebral signals and the peripheral apparatus consisting of the larynx, vocal cords, and trachea...
September 2016: Indian Journal of Endocrinology and Metabolism
W Decleer, K Verschueren, S Vandeginste, K Osmanagaoglu, P Devroey
OBJECTIVE: To demonstrate the feasibility of scheduling an IVF cycle, without disadvantages, in the new patient friendly stimulation protocol using the long acting Corifollitropin Alfa, in combination with GnRH-antagonist protection and GnRH-agonist triggering. STUDY DESIGN: Two groups of ten patients were admitted in the study. Both received the same stimulation protocol with Corifollitropin Alfa in combination with GnRH-antagonist protection. After ultrasound evaluation on day 7 individually dosed Menopur was added...
December 28, 2015: Facts, Views & Vision in ObGyn
Gonce Elcin, Duygu Gülseren, Miyase Bayraktar, Serdar Gunalp, Timur Gurgan
Autoimmune estrogen dermatitis is a cyclical cutaneous eruption that occurs premenstrually and rapid resolution of the eruptions within a few days of menstrual cycles. The disorder has variable clinical manifestations consisting of macules, papules, vesicles, urticarial lesions, bullae, eczematous plaques, and erythema multiforme-like lesions. Herein, we present a case of a 30-year-old woman with attacks of edema and erosions involving the oral and genital mucosal sites on every first day of her menstruation period...
October 11, 2016: Cutaneous and Ocular Toxicology
Xia Cao, Jiansong Zhou, Hong Yuan, Zhiheng Chen
AIM: This study aimed to assess the associations between menstrual characteristics and the prevalence of metabolic syndrome (MetS) and non-alcoholic fatty liver disease. METHODS: A cross-sectional study was conducted with a sample of 1625 postmenopausal women in China. Subjects were classified into three groups according to the tertiles of some variables related to the reproductive life. We assessed associations in multivariable-adjusted analyses, using logistic regressions...
October 8, 2016: Journal of Obstetrics and Gynaecology Research
Mohamad Irani, Rony T Elias, Nigel Pereira, Vinay Gunnala, Zev Rosenwaks
With the availability of the highly sensitive β-human chorionic gonadotropin (β-hCG) assays, all pregnancies, including ectopic pregnancies (EP), are expected to have detectable serum β-hCG at 4 weeks' gestation or 9 days following blastocyst transfer. To our knowledge, this is the first report of a woman who underwent in vitro fertilization, had undetectable serum β-hCG 9 days after blastocyst transfer, and was then diagnosed with a ruptured abdominal EP and intra-abdominal bleeding 19 days later. This case highlights that the rise in serum β-hCG might be delayed in abdominal EP compared to intrauterine pregnancy...
October 8, 2016: Journal of Obstetrics and Gynaecology Research
Ian Brockington
It has been known since the eighteenth century that postpartum psychoses can begin several weeks after childbirth, not during the first fortnight. There are almost 400 non-organic episodes in the literature, starting more than 3 weeks after the birth; some of them are recurrent. The distinction of this disorder from early onset puerperal psychosis is supported by the distribution of onsets (which shows a steep fall after 14-15 days), survey data and the association with later pregnancies, not the first. Marcé believed that these late onsets were related to the resumption of menstruation...
October 6, 2016: Archives of Women's Mental Health
Ying Zhang, Yisong Chen, Keqin Hua
STUDY OBJECTIVE: To describe our technique of robotic assisted reconstruction of cervix and vagina by SIS (small intestinal sub-mucosa, SIS) graft and fusion of hemi-uterus. DESIGN: Step-by-step explanation of the procedure using video. SETTING: Congenital complete vaginal and cervical atresia is rare. Some patient has urinary system abnormality. No standardized surgical treatment guideline was available and the performance is varying for each patient...
October 1, 2016: Journal of Minimally Invasive Gynecology
María I Tomás-Rodríguez, Antonio Palazón-Bru, Damian Rj Martínez-St John, Felipe Navarro-Cremades, José V Toledo-Marhuenda, Vicente F Gil-Guillén
STUDY OBJECTIVE: In the literature about primary dysmenorrhoea (PD), either a pain gradient has been studied just in women with PD or pain was assessed as a binary variable (presence or absence). Accordingly, we decided to carry out a study in young women to determine possible factors associated with intense pain. DESIGN: A cross-sectional observational study. SETTING: A Spanish University in 2016. PARTICIPANTS: A total of 306 women, aged 18-30 years...
September 29, 2016: Journal of Pediatric and Adolescent Gynecology
Seracettin Eğin, Bedri Aras Pektaş, Semih Hot, Veli Mihmanlı
BACKGROUND: Primary umblikal endometriosis is a rare illness. In this report we aimed to discuss the management of this rare condition. CASE SUMMARY: A 28-year-old nulliparous woman was present at our clinic who was suffering from painful swelling in the umbilicus during her menstruation for the last 3 months. Her examination showed a dark-color sensitive nodule of 20×15mm in size in the umbilicus. A lower abdominal tomography was performed to exclude the presence of a concomitant pelvic endometriosis, and it showed increased density consistent with subcutaneous inflammation in the umbilicus...
September 23, 2016: International Journal of Surgery Case Reports
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