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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29334020/gender-atypical-personality-or-sexual-behavior-what-is-disgusting-about-male-homosexuality
#1
T Andrew Caswell, Kyrsten Sackett-Fox
Research consistently finds that homosexuality elicits strong feelings of disgust, but the reasons remain unclear. In the current research, we investigate responses to gay men who violate social norms governing the expression of gender and sexuality. Two hundred forty-three college undergraduates read a vignette about a gay male college student whose personality traits (masculine, feminine, or neutral) and sexual behavior (active vs. passive) varied, and reported their affective responses to and cognitive appraisals of the target...
January 15, 2018: Journal of Social Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29334004/examining-residence-status-as-a-risk-factor-for-health-risk-behaviors-among-college-students
#2
Angelo M DiBello, Madeline B Benz, Mary Beth Miller, Jennifer E Merrill, Kate B Carey
OBJECTIVE: The current study aimed to evaluate college student residence as a unique risk factor for a range of negative health behaviors. PARTICIPANTS: We examined data from 63,555 students (66% female) from 157 campuses who completed the National College Health Assessment Survey in Spring 2011. METHODS: Participants answered questions about the frequency of recent use of alcohol, tobacco, marijuana, and illicit drugs as well as sexual risk behavior in the last 30 days...
January 15, 2018: Journal of American College Health: J of ACH
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29333899/social-support-and-mental-health-in-lgbtq-adolescents-a-review-of-the-literature
#3
Kari McDonald
LGBTQ adolescents experience higher rates of mental health disorders than their heterosexual peers. The purpose of this systematic review of the literature was to examine studies evaluating social support and its effects on mental health in the LGBTQ adolescent population. Higher levels of social support were associated with positive self-esteem. Lack of social support (or low social support) was associated with higher levels of depression, anxiety, alcohol or drug misuse, risky sexual behaviors, shame, and low self-esteem...
January 15, 2018: Issues in Mental Health Nursing
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29333201/dispositional-mindfulness-shame-and-compulsive-sexual-behaviors-among-men-in-residential-treatment-for-substance-use-disorders
#4
Meagan J Brem, Ryan C Shorey, Scott Anderson, Gregory L Stuart
Approximately 31% of men in treatment for a substance use disorders (SUD) engage in compulsive sexual behavior (CSB). Shame, a well-documented consequence of CSB, increases the likelihood of relapse following treatment for SUDs. Despite the risk of relapse, prior research has not investigated factors that may attenuate the relation between CSB and shame. Dispositional mindfulness is one such factor known to mitigate shame. However, researchers have yet to examine dispositional mindfulness as a moderator of the relationship between CSB and shame among a sample of men in treatment for SUDs...
December 2017: Mindfulness
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29332549/the-role-of-sexual-abuse-in-trauma-symptoms-delinquent-and-suicidal-behaviors-and-criminal-justice-outcomes-among-females-in-a-juvenile-justice-diversion-program
#5
Krystel Tossone, Madison Wheeler, Fredrick Butcher, Jeff Kretschmar
Female juvenile justice-involved (JJI) youth experience more sexual abuse (SA) than their non-JJI counterparts or their male JJI counterparts. This study examines SA's role among JJI females ( N = 1,307) in a behavioral health diversion program. Results indicate that SA increases the risk of psychological trauma, particularly posttraumatic stress and depression. SA also increases the odds of suicidal behavior, running away, and substance use. SA females have the same odds of successfully completing behavioral health diversion and being charged with any offense or misdemeanor after termination as non-SA females...
October 1, 2017: Violence Against Women
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29332529/alcohol-related-victim-behavior-and-rape-myth-acceptance-as-predictors-of-victim-blame-in-sexual-assault-cases
#6
Mónica Romero-Sánchez, Barbara Krahé, Miguel Moya, Jesús L Megías
Two studies analyzed the influence of victim behavior, drink type, and observer rape myth acceptance (RMA) on attributions of blame to victims of sexual assault. In Study 1, people higher in RMA blamed the victim more when she accepted rather than rejected the aggressor's invitation to buy her a drink. In Study 2, we analyzed if the effects depended on who offered the invitation for a drink (a friend or aggressor). RMA was more closely related to victim blame when she accepted (vs. rejected) the offer of a drink from the aggressor...
October 1, 2017: Violence Against Women
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29332235/do-diary-studies-cause-behavior-change-an-examination-of-reactivity-in-sexual-risk-and-substance-use-in-young-men-who-have-sex-with-men
#7
Michael E Newcomb, Gregory Swann, David Mohr, Brian Mustanski
Behavioral diaries are frequently used for observing sexual and substance use behaviors, but participating in diary studies may cause behavior change. This study examined change in sexual and substance use behaviors among young men who have sex with men (YMSM) in a two-month diary study compared to control. An analytic sample of 324 YMSM was randomized to receive daily diaries, weekly diaries, or no diaries (control) for 2 months. Half of the diary participants were randomized to receive automated weekly feedback...
January 13, 2018: AIDS and Behavior
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29331637/development-of-a-multi-dimensional-scale-to-measure-trauma-associated-with-child-sexual-abuse-mscsa-and-its-ramifying-impacts-on-children-a-pilot-study
#8
Vandana Choudhary, Sujata Satapathy, Rajesh Sagar
BACKGROUND: With the rising incidence of CSA in India and absence of culturally competent tool to assess the impact of trauma, there is a dire need for development of a comprehensive scale to assess the impact of trauma on children. Thus, the present study aims to develop a multi-dimensional CSA tool for children aged between 7 and 13 years. METHOD: Qualitative research method of FGD/Key Interviews with 4 group participants (Parents, counsellors, mental health and medical professionals) and in-depth interview with children having history of CSA was conducted along with item pooling from existing scales...
January 4, 2018: Asian Journal of Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29331353/mechanisms-of-sex-differences-in-fear-and-posttraumatic-stress-disorder
#9
REVIEW
Teniel Sonya Ramikie, Kerry James Ressler
Following sexual maturity, females disproportionately have higher rates of posttraumatic stress disorder (PTSD) and experience greater symptom severity and chronicity as compared with males. This observation has led many to examine sex differences in PTSD risk factors. Though relatively few, these studies reveal that the root causes of PTSD sex differences are complex, and partly represent interactions between sex-specific nonbiological and biological risk factors, which differentially shape PTSD vulnerability...
November 21, 2017: Biological Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29330640/is-contact-with-children-related-to-legitimizing-beliefs-toward-sex-with-children-among-men-with-pedophilia
#10
Max Geradt, Sara Jahnke, Julia Heinz, Jürgen Hoyer
Among pedophilic men, social contact with children has been discussed as creating a risk situation for sexual abuse. Also, pedophilic men searching for such contact are seen as harboring more beliefs legitimizing sexual contact with children. However, social contact may also decrease false beliefs. We tested these competing views in an anonymous Internet survey with a non-forensic, non-clinical sample of 104 self-classified pedophilic men. Results showed that both increased social and physical contact were significantly linked to fewer legitimizing beliefs toward sex with children, even when controlling for past psychotherapy, educational level, social desirability, and age...
January 12, 2018: Archives of Sexual Behavior
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29324289/phylogenetic-analysis-reveals-three-distinct-epidemiological-profiles-in-dutch-and-flemish-blood-donors-with-hepatitis-b-virus-infection
#11
Thijs J van de Laar, Véronique A Van Gaever, Peter van Swieten, An Muylaert, Veerle Compernolle, Hans L Zaaijer
During 2006-2016, hepatitis B virus (HBV) was detected in nearly 400 blood donors in the Netherlands and Flanders. Donor demographics and self-reported risk factors as disclosed during the donor exit interview were compared to HBV phylogenies of donor and reference sequences. First-time donors with chronic HBV-infection were often immigrants (67%) infected with genetically highly diverse strains of genotypes A (32%), B (8%), C (6%), D (53%) and E to H (1%). Each subtype was strongly associated with donor ethnicity...
January 8, 2018: Virology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29320447/parents-perspectives-on-family-sexuality-communication-from-middle-school-to-high-school
#12
Jennifer M Grossman, Lisa J Jenkins, Amanda M Richer
Parents' conversations with teens about sex and relationships can play a critical role in improving teenage reproductive health by reducing teens' risky sexual behavior. However, little is known about how teen-parent communication changes from early to middle adolescence and how parents can tailor their communication to address their teens' changing development and experiences during these periods. In this longitudinal qualitative study, U.S. parents (N = 23) participated in interviews when their teens were in early adolescence, then again when the teens were in middle adolescence...
January 10, 2018: International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29319720/depression-and-adherence-to-antiretroviral-treatment-in-hiv-positive-men-in-s%C3%A3-o-paulo-the-largest-city-in-south-america-social-and-psychological-implications
#13
Ricardo Pereira de Moraes, Jorge Casseb
OBJECTIVES: The aim of the present study was to investigate the prevalence of depression and adherence to antiretroviral treatment in two groups of individuals: men who have sex with men (MSM) and men who have sex with women (MSW). METHODS: Two hundred and sixteen participants (MSM=116; MSW=100) who visited the Clinics Hospital of the School of the Medicine of the University of São Paulo completed two independent surveys (the BECK Depression Inventory and an adherence self-declared questionnaire) to evaluate their depression status and adherence to antiretroviral treatment, respectively...
December 2017: Clinics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29319439/successful-management-of-minoxidil-toxicosis-in-a-dog
#14
Tyler J M Jordan, Page E Yaxley, Christine A Culler, Anusha Balakrishnan
CASE DESCRIPTION A 2-year-old sexually intact female mixed-breed dog was evaluated at an emergency hospital approximately 5 hours after ingestion of an unknown amount of over-the-counter topical hair growth promoter containing 5% minoxidil foam. Vomiting and signs of lethargy were reported by the owner, and physical examination revealed tachycardia and hypotension. No treatments were performed, and the dog was transferred to a veterinary referral hospital for management of suspected minoxidil toxicosis. CLINICAL FINDINGS On arrival at the referral hospital, the dog was tachycardic (heart rate, 200 to 220 beats/min) and hypotensive (systolic arterial blood pressure, 70 mm Hg)...
January 15, 2018: Journal of the American Veterinary Medical Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29318503/university-students-knowledge-attitudes-and-sources-of-information-about-zika-virus
#15
Ashley N Plaster, Julia E Painter, Dylan H Tjersland, Kathryn H Jacobsen
Colleges and universities are valuable partners for community health education outreach targeted to young adults. After the outbreak of Zika virus infection in the Americas was declared to be a Public Health Emergency of International Concern on February 1, 2016, postsecondary institutions played an important role in educating at-risk communities about health promotion and disease prevention strategies. In April 2016, we recruited 613 undergraduate students from a large public university to complete a survey about their Zika-related knowledge, attitudes, and information seeking behaviors...
January 9, 2018: Journal of Community Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29316885/cash-transfer-interventions-for-sexual-health-meanings-and-experiences-of-adolescent-males-and-females-in-inner-city-johannesburg
#16
Nomhle Khoza, Jonathan Stadler, Catherine MacPhail, Admire Chikandiwa, Heena Brahmbhatt, Sinead Delany-Moretlwe
BACKGROUND: In sub-Saharan Africa, there is growing interest in the use of cash transfer (CT) programs for HIV treatment and prevention. However, there is limited evidence of the consequences related to CT provision to adolescents in low-resourced urban settings. We explored the experiences of adolescents receiving CTs to assess the acceptability and unintended consequences of CT strategies in urban Johannesburg, South Africa. METHODS: We collected qualitative data during a pilot randomized controlled trial of three CT strategies (monthly payments unconditional vs...
January 10, 2018: BMC Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29316797/disparities-in-hiv-viral-load-suppression-by-race-ethnicity-among-men-who-have-sex-with-men-in-the-hiv-outpatient-study
#17
Kate Buchacz, Carl Armon, E Tedaldi, Frank J Palella, Richard M Novak, Douglas Ward, Rachel Hart, Marcus Durham, John Brooks
INTRODUCTION: Maximizing the rates of virologic suppression (VS) among gay, bisexual, and other men who have sex with men (MSM) is essential to limiting HIV morbidity and sexual transmission of HIV in the United States. METHODS: We analyzed data for MSM of non-Hispanic white (white), non-Hispanic black (black) or Hispanic/Latino race/ethnicity in the HIV Outpatient Study (HOPS) at nine U.S. HIV clinics. VS (HIV RNA < 50 copies/mL) was measured closest to January 1, 2015...
January 9, 2018: AIDS Research and Human Retroviruses
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29316523/gender-and-race-as-correlates-of-high-risk-sex-behaviors-among-injection-drug-users-at-risk-for-hiv-enrolled-in-the-hptn-037-study
#18
Mandy J Hill, Michael Holt, Brett Hanscom, Zhe Wang, Marylou Cardenas-Turanzas, Carl Latkin
BACKGROUND: Sexual contact has been shown to be a major mode of HIV transmission among people who inject drugs (PWID). This study examined gender and racial differences among PWID' sexual risk behaviors from the perspective of sexual scripts. METHODS: 696 PWID enrolled from Philadelphia on HPTN 037 were classified as engaging in high-risk sex behaviors if they reported having sex in the past 30 days and condomless sex with a non-primary partner, giving/receiving sex for money, or multiple partners...
January 4, 2018: Drug and Alcohol Dependence
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29316511/young-africans-social-representations-of-rape-in-their-hiv-related-creative-narratives-2005-2014-rape-myths-and-alternative-narratives
#19
Robyn Singleton, Kate Winskell, Siphiwe Nkambule-Vilakati, Gaëlle Sabben
Sexual violence is both a major human rights issue and an important driver of HIV infection in sub-Saharan Africa. While quantitative indicators of sexual violence have evolved to facilitate cross-national comparison and country-level decision making, qualitative findings typically remain constrained to single sites and populations. We analyzed social representations of sexual violence, specifically rape, in a sample of 1446 narratives about HIV written by young Africans between 2005 and 2014. The narratives were written at 5 discrete time points (2005, 2008, 2011, 2013 and 2014) by equal numbers of males and females aged 10-24 in urban and rural areas of Swaziland, Kenya, South-East Nigeria, Burkina Faso and Senegal...
December 26, 2017: Social Science & Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29315236/understanding-the-role-of-intrinsic-disorder-of-viral-proteins-in-the-oncogenicity-of-different-types-of-hpv
#20
Elvira Regina Tamarozzi, Silvana Giuliatti
Intrinsic disorder is very important in the biological function of several proteins, and is directly linked to their foldability during interaction with their targets. There is a close relationship between the intrinsically disordered proteins and the process of carcinogenesis involving viral pathogens. Among these pathogens, we have highlighted the human papillomavirus (HPV) in this study. HPV is currently among the most common sexually transmitted infections, besides being the cause of several types of cancer...
January 9, 2018: International Journal of Molecular Sciences
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