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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29139070/mobile-health-application-and-e-health-literacy-opportunities-and-concerns-for-cancer-patients-and-caregivers
#1
Hyunmin Kim, Joy V Goldsmith, Soham Sengupta, Asos Mahmood, M Paige Powell, Jay Bhatt, Cyril F Chang, Soumitra S Bhuyan
Health literacy is critical for cancer patients as they must understand complex procedures or treatment options. Caregivers' health literacy also plays a crucial role in caring for cancer patients. Low health literacy is associated with low adherence to medications, poor health status, and increased health care costs. There is a growing interest in the use of mobile health applications (apps) to improve health literacy. Mobile health apps can empower underserved cancer patients and their caregivers by providing features or functionalities to enhance interactive patient-provider communication and to understand medical information more readily...
November 14, 2017: Journal of Cancer Education: the Official Journal of the American Association for Cancer Education
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29138051/sarcopenia-in-peripheral-arterial-disease-prevalence-and-impact-on-functional-status
#2
Odessa Addison, Steven J Prior, Rishi Kundi, Monica C Serra, Leslie I Katzel, Andrew W Gardner, Alice S Ryan
OBJECTIVES: To determine the prevalence of sarcopenia in older men with peripheral arterial disease (PAD) and to compare to a subset of the group to age, race, sex, and body mass index (BMI)-matched non-PAD control counterparts. We also sought to compare the functional status of those with PAD with and without sarcopenia. DESIGN: Cohort study. SETTING: A Veterans Affairs medical center. PARTICIPANTS: Sedentary, community dwelling men age 50+ years with a confirmed diagnosis of PAD (N=108; 44% black; BMI 27...
November 11, 2017: Archives of Physical Medicine and Rehabilitation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29138050/a-systematic-review-on-the-effect-of-serious-games-and-wearable-technology-used-in-rehabilitation-of-patients-with-traumatic-bone-and-soft-tissue-injuries
#3
REVIEW
Henriëtte A W Meijer, Maurits Graafland, J Carel Goslings, Marlies P Schijven
OBJECTIVE: To determine the effects on functional outcomes and treatment adherence of wearable technology and serious games (i.e., interactive computer applications with specific purposes useful in the 'real world') currently applied in physical rehabilitation of patients after traumatic bone and soft tissue injuries. DATA SOURCES: PubMed, Embase, the Cochrane Library and CINAHL were searched without publication date restrictions for the terms 'wearable', 'serious game', 'videogame' or 'mobile application', and 'rehabilitation', 'exercise therapy' or 'physiotherapy'...
November 11, 2017: Archives of Physical Medicine and Rehabilitation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29132854/price-discrepancies-among-mobile-medication-applications-for-common-dermatologic-prescriptions-observational-cost-analysis
#4
Hershel E Dobkin, Matthew Zirwas
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
December 2017: Journal of the American Academy of Dermatology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29118963/leveraging-multiactions-to-improve-medical-personalized-ranking-for-collaborative-filtering
#5
Shan Gao, Guibing Guo, Runzhi Li, Zongmin Wang
Nowadays, providing high-quality recommendation services to users is an essential component in web applications, including shopping, making friends, and healthcare. This can be regarded either as a problem of estimating users' preference by exploiting explicit feedbacks (numerical ratings), or as a problem of collaborative ranking with implicit feedback (e.g., purchases, views, and clicks). Previous works for solving this issue include pointwise regression methods and pairwise ranking methods. The emerging healthcare websites and online medical databases impose a new challenge for medical service recommendation...
2017: Journal of Healthcare Engineering
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29115829/sequential-elemental-de-alloying-approach-for-the-fabrication-of-porous-metal-oxides-and-chemiresistive-sensor-thereof-for-electronic-listening
#6
Vanaraj Solanki, Saluru Baba Krupanidhi, Karuna Kar Nanda
Highly porous materials , with large surface area and accessible space, variable chemical compositions and porosity at different length scale, have captivated the attention of researchers in recent years as an important family of functional materials. Here, we report a novel approach to grow porous metal oxide (PMO) by sequential elemental de-alloying in which highly mobile element gets de-alloyed first under thermal treatment (annealing) and facilitate the formation of PMO. Subsequently, chemiresistive sensor based on porous SnO2 was fabricated for humidity sensing at room temperature which shows a high sensitivity of 348 in fully humid (> 99% RH) atmosphere with an accuracy of 1% RH change...
November 8, 2017: ACS Applied Materials & Interfaces
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29114928/a-new-substitute-for-formalin-application-to-embalming-cadavers
#7
Yoshinori Haizuka, Miki Nagase, Satoshi Takashino, Yasushi Kobayashi, Yoshihisa Fujikura, George Matsumura
The development of formalin-free fixatives is an urgent issue in gross anatomy because of the health hazard and the tissue-hardening actions of formalin. We recently identified the fixative, antimicrobial, and preservative effects of N-vinyl-2-pyrrolidone (NVP), a precursor of the water-soluble macromolecular polymer polyvinylpyrrolidone, in animal experiments. The aim of the present study is to investigate whether NVP solution can be used as an alternative to formalin in human cadaveric dissection. Twelve donated cadavers were infused with NVP via the femoral and common carotid arteries using a peristaltic pump...
November 7, 2017: Clinical Anatomy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29111887/use-of-short-message-service-and-smartphone-applications-in-the-management-of-surgical-patients-a-systematic-review
#8
Keyin Lu, Nikolas E Marino, David Russell, Aashray Singareddy, Donald Zhang, Angela Hardi, Scott Kaar, Varun Puri
BACKGROUND: Mobile health and telemedicine are rapidly evolving fields used to provide healthcare remotely to patients. For surgical patients, telemedicine can improve patient education and remote monitoring of postoperative symptoms. We performed a systematic review of studies involving the use of short message service (SMS) and mobile application-based interventions in surgical patients to evaluate the advantages and disadvantages of each system, as well as of mobile interventions as a whole...
November 7, 2017: Telemedicine Journal and E-health: the Official Journal of the American Telemedicine Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29076582/medication-administration-and-interruptions-in-nursing-homes-a-qualitative-observational-study
#9
Kristian Ringsby Odberg, Britt Saetre Hansen, Karina Aase, Sigrid Wangensteen
AIMS AND OBJECTIVES: To contribute in-depth knowledge of the characteristics of medication administration and interruptions in nursing homes. The following research questions guided the study: How can the medication administration process in nursing homes be described? How can interruptions during the medication administration process in nursing homes be characterized? BACKGROUND: Medication administration is a vital process across health care settings, and earlier research in nursing homes is sparse...
October 27, 2017: Journal of Clinical Nursing
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29075216/smartphone-applications-for-educating-and-helping-non-motivating-patients-adhere-to-medication-that-treats-mental-health-conditions-aims-and-functioning
#10
Angelos P Kassianos, Giorgos Georgiou, Electra P Papaconstantinou, Angeliki Detzortzi, Rob Horne
Background: Patients prescribed with medication that treats mental health conditions benefit the most compared to those prescribed with other types of medication. However, they are also the most difficult to adhere. The development of mobile health (mHealth) applications ("apps") to help patients monitor their adherence is fast growing but with limited evidence on their efficacy. There is no evidence on the content of these apps for patients taking psychotropic medication. The aim of this study is to identify and evaluate the aims and functioning of available apps that are aiming to help and educate patients to adhere to medication that treats mental health conditions...
2017: Frontiers in Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29074319/mobile-technology-for-treatment-augmentation-in-veteran-smokers-with-posttraumatic-stress-disorder
#11
Ellen Herbst, David Pennington, Eric Kuhn, Shannon E McCaslin, Kevin Delucchi, Steven L Batki, Benjamin Dickter, Timothy Carmody
INTRODUCTION: The purpose of this study is to examine the feasibility and acceptability of incorporating a mobile application, Stay Quit Coach, into an integrated care smoking-cessation treatment protocol for veterans with posttraumatic stress disorder (PTSD). METHODS: Participants included veteran smokers aged 18-69 years with PTSD. The integrated care protocol includes eight weekly PTSD-informed cognitive behavioral therapy sessions for smoking cessation, followed by monthly booster sessions and a prescription for standard smoking-cessation medications if desired...
October 23, 2017: American Journal of Preventive Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29071077/assessing-the-use-of-breathesmart%C3%A2-mobile-technology-in-adult-patients-with-asthma-a-remote-observational-study
#12
Emilie Melvin, Anna Cushing, Anne Tam, Ruri Kitada, Melissa Manice
INTRODUCTION: Non-adherence to asthma daily controller medications is a common problem, reported to be responsible for 60% of asthma-related hospitalisations. The mean level of adherence for asthma medications is estimated to be as low as 22%. Therefore, objective measurements of adherence to medicine are necessary. This virtual observational study is designed to measure the usability of an electronic monitoring device platform that measures adherence. Understanding how patients use the BreatheSmart mobile technology at home is essential to assess its feasibility as a solution to improve medication adherence...
2017: BMJ Open Respiratory Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29070591/anchoring-like-octopus-biologically-inspired-soft-artificial-sucker
#13
Sina Sareh, Kaspar Althoefer, Min Li, Yohan Noh, Francesca Tramacere, Pooya Sareh, Barbara Mazzolai, Mirko Kovac
This paper presents a robotic anchoring module, a sensorized mechanism for attachment to the environment that can be integrated into robots to enable or enhance various functions such as robot mobility, remaining on location or its ability to manipulate objects. The body of the anchoring module consists of two portions with a mechanical stiffness transition from hard to soft. The hard portion is capable of containing vacuum pressure used for actuation while the soft portion is highly conformable to create a seal to contact surfaces...
October 2017: Journal of the Royal Society, Interface
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29065648/semiautomatic-segmentation-of-glioma-on-mobile-devices
#14
Ya-Ping Wu, Yu-Song Lin, Wei-Guo Wu, Cong Yang, Jian-Qin Gu, Yan Bai, Mei-Yun Wang
Brain tumor segmentation is the first and the most critical step in clinical applications of radiomics. However, segmenting brain images by radiologists is labor intense and prone to inter- and intraobserver variability. Stable and reproducible brain image segmentation algorithms are thus important for successful tumor detection in radiomics. In this paper, we propose a supervised brain image segmentation method, especially for magnetic resonance (MR) brain images with glioma. This paper uses hard edge multiplicative intrinsic component optimization to preprocess glioma medical image on the server side, and then, the doctors could supervise the segmentation process on mobile devices in their convenient time...
2017: Journal of Healthcare Engineering
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29065021/quantitative-and-qualitative-analysis-of-the-impact-of-adoption-of-a-mobile-application-for-the-assessment-of-professionalism-in-medical-trainees
#15
Juan C Cendán, Analia Castiglioni, Teresa R Johnson, Mike Eakins, Marcia L Verduin, Abdo Asmar, David Metcalf, Caridad Hernandez
PURPOSE: Capturing either lapses or excellence in behaviors related to medical professionalism is difficult. The authors report a mixed-methods analysis of a novel mobile platform for assessing medical professionalism in a training environment. METHOD: A mobile Web-based platform to facilitate professionalism assessment in a situated clinical setting (Professional Mobile Monitoring of Behaviors [PROMOBES]) was developed. A professionalism framework consisting of six domains (reliability, adaptability, peer relationships, upholding principles, team relationships, and scholarship) encompassing 25 subelements underpins the reporting structure...
November 2017: Academic Medicine: Journal of the Association of American Medical Colleges
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29063565/clinical-research-informatics-supporting-the-research-study-lifecycle
#16
S B Johnson
Objectives: The primary goal of this review is to summarize significant developments in the field of Clinical Research Informatics (CRI) over the years 2015-2016. The secondary goal is to contribute to a deeper understanding of CRI as a field, through the development of a strategy for searching and classifying CRI publications. Methods: A search strategy was developed to query the PubMed database, using medical subject headings to both select and exclude articles, and filtering publications by date and other characteristics...
August 2017: Yearbook of Medical Informatics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29060703/brainwatch-software-for-interactive-exploration-of-brain-scans-in-3d-virtual-reality-systems
#17
S Koby Taswell, Teja Veeramacheneni, Carl Taswell
The ability to view medical images as 3D objects, which can be explored interactively, has now become possible due to the advent of rapidly emerging virtual reality (VR) technologies. In the past, VR has been used as an educational tool for learning anatomy, a visualization tool for assisting surgery, and a therapeutic tool for rehabilitating patients with motor disorders. However, these older systems were either expensive to build or difficult to acquire and use. Exploiting the arrival of new consumer devices such as the Oculus Rift that are now affordable, we have developed a software application called BrainWatch for VR ready computers to enable 3D visualization and interactive exploration of DICOM data sets focusing on PET and MRI brain scans...
July 2017: Conference Proceedings: Annual International Conference of the IEEE Engineering in Medicine and Biology Society
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29056457/vibrio-cholerae-combines-individual-and-collective-sensing-to-trigger-biofilm-dispersal
#18
Praveen K Singh, Sabina Bartalomej, Raimo Hartmann, Hannah Jeckel, Lucia Vidakovic, Carey D Nadell, Knut Drescher
Bacteria can generate benefits for themselves and their kin by living in multicellular, matrix-enclosed communities, termed biofilms, which are fundamental to microbial ecology and the impact bacteria have on the environment, infections, and industry [1-6]. The advantages of the biofilm mode of life include increased stress resistance and access to concentrated nutrient sources [3, 7, 8]. However, there are also costs associated with biofilm growth, including the metabolic burden of biofilm matrix production, increased resource competition, and limited mobility inside the community [9-11]...
November 6, 2017: Current Biology: CB
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29056181/a-scalable-program-for-customized-patient-education-videos
#19
Ishani Ganguli, Chrisanne Sikora, Briana Nestor, Rachel Clark Sisodia, Adam Licurse, Timothy G Ferris, Sandhya Rao
PROBLEM DEFINITION: Patients must make sense of increasingly complex information to navigate their health and the health care system, with limited opportunity to do so in clinical settings. Patient education videos may help to communicate key information, but they are often impersonal and cumbersome to produce or update with new evidence. To address these limitations, a program was developed to facilitate local video creation to deliver targeted information to patients. APPROACH: The Patient Education Video Program was created at a large urban academic medical center...
November 2017: Joint Commission Journal on Quality and Patient Safety
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29053521/smartphone-based-patient-education-in-plastic-surgery
#20
Warren Noel, Romain Bosc, Samer Jabbour, Elio Kechichian, Barbara Hersant, Jean-Paul Meningaud
BACKGROUND: Internet use for health information has dramatically increased in the past decade. Mobile medical applications (MMAs) could be a useful tool to improve postoperative patient education and care. The objective of this study is to evaluate the impact of an MMA on patient care in plastic surgery. METHODS: An MMA was developed to improve postoperative plastic surgery patients care. All patients who underwent surgery at our plastic surgery department between August and November 2014 and were willing to download the MMA were included...
December 2017: Annals of Plastic Surgery
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