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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29929816/use-of-learning-teams-to-improve-the-educational-environment-of-general-surgery-residency
#1
Tovy Haber Kamine, Ashraf A Sabe, Bharath Nath, Kelly Barnes, Tara S Kent
OBJECTIVE: Recent surgical education literature has focused on means of improving structured educational experience in residency, particularly in the context of limited working hours. In addition, prior studies have illustrated a void in training regarding leadership. Learning teams have been adopted in several medical schools with an aim to improve the educational experience. We instituted resident learning teams with a goal of improving resident education. DESIGN: In the 2015 to 2016 academic year, we implemented a team-based learning (TBL) system of 5 teams each led by 1 to 2 chief residents and containing an approximately equal number of residents from postgraduate year (PGY)1-4...
June 18, 2018: Journal of Surgical Education
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29785149/the-pregnant-female-surgical-resident
#2
Vanessa Shifflette, Susannah Hambright, Joseph Darryl Amos, Ernest Dunn, Maria Allo
Background: Surgery continues to be an intense, time-consuming residency. Many medical students decide against surgery as a profession due to the long work hours and family strain. The pregnant female surgical resident has an added stress factor compared to her male counterpart. Methods: We distributed an electronic, online 26-question survey to 32 general surgery programs in the southwestern region of the United States. Each program distributed our survey to the female surgical residents who had been pregnant during residency in the last 5 years...
2018: Advances in Medical Education and Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29773409/correlation-of-objective-assessment-data-with-general-surgery-resident-in-training-evaluation-reports-and-operative-volumes
#3
Jad M Abdelsattar, Yazan N AlJamal, Raaj K Ruparel, Phillip G Rowse, Stephanie F Heller, David R Farley
OBJECTIVE: Faculty evaluations, ABSITE scores, and operative case volumes often tell little about true resident performance. We developed an objective structured clinical examination called the Surgical X-Games (5 rooms, 15 minutes each, 12-15 tests total, different for each postgraduate [PGY] level). We hypothesized that performance in X-Games will prove more useful in identifying areas of strength or weakness among general surgery (GS) residents than faculty evaluations, ABSITE scores, or operative cases volumes...
May 14, 2018: Journal of Surgical Education
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29483035/burnout-is-associated-with-emotional-intelligence-but-not-traditional-job-performance-measurements-in-surgical-residents
#4
Kevin D Cofer, Robert H Hollis, Lauren Goss, Melanie S Morris, John R Porterfield, Daniel I Chu
OBJECTIVE: To evaluate whether burnout was associated with emotional intelligence and job performance in surgical residents. DESIGN: General surgery residents at a single institution were surveyed using the Maslach Burnout Inventory (MBI) and trait EI questionnaire (TEIQ-SF). Burnout was defined as scoring in 2 of the 3 following domains; Emotional Exhaustion (high), Depersonalization (high), and Personal Accomplishment (low). Job performance was evaluated using faculty evaluations of clinical competency-based surgical milestones and standardized test scores including the American Board of Surgery In-Training Exam (ABSITE) and the United States Medical Licensing Examination (USMLE) Step 3...
February 23, 2018: Journal of Surgical Education
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29396273/the-american-board-style-practice-in-training-examination-as-a-predictor-of-performance-on-the-american-board-of-surgery-in-training-examination
#5
Rami S Kantar, Eric Wise, David Morales, Donald G Harris, Sarah Kidd-Romero, Stephen Kavic
BACKGROUND: The American Board of Surgery In-Training Examination (ABSITE), is an annual 250 question, multiple-choice test that assesses residents' surgical knowledge in preparation for board examinations. At our program, we developed a Surgical Council on Resident Education-based American Board Style Practice In-Training Examination: The ABSPITE. The 40-question examination was designed to help with test preparation. The purpose of this study was to evaluate the ABSPITE's predictive value on ABSITE performance...
January 26, 2018: Journal of Surgical Education
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29395237/learning-preferences-of-surgery-residents-a-multi-institutional-study
#6
Roger H Kim, Rebecca K Viscusi, Ashley N Collier, Marie A Hunsinger, Mohsen M Shabahang, George M Fuhrman, James R Korndorffer
BACKGROUND: The VARK model categorizes learners by preferences for 4 modalities: visual, aural, read/write, and kinesthetic. Previous single-institution studies found that VARK preferences are associated with academic performance. This multi-institutional study was conducted to test the hypothesis that the VARK learning preferences of residents differ from the general population and that they are associated with performance on the American Board of Surgery In-Training Examination (ABSITE)...
April 2018: Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29275907/a-multimodal-approach-improves-american-board-of-surgery-in-training-examination-scores
#7
Mary A Decoteau, Louis Rivera, Kristina Umali, Arden D Chan, Peter Soballe, Romeo C Ignacio
BACKGROUND: There are several factors that influence ABSITE scores, but the optimal approach for remediation of poor scores is unclear. METHODS: A structured academic curriculum and focused remediation program (FRP) were implemented to improve academic performances. Within a 15-year period, ABSITE and American Board of Surgery qualifying exam (ABS QE) results were compared before and after the establishment of the program using a paired T-test. Subgroup analysis was performed for residents who completed the FRP...
February 2018: American Journal of Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29242045/defining-the-applicant-pool-for-postgraduate-year-2-categorical-general-surgery-positions
#8
Weston Stover, Sujata Gill, Kim Schenarts, A Alfred Chahine
OBJECTIVE: In the spring of 2010, a categorical general surgery postgraduate year (PGY)-2 position became available at our academic medical center secondary to attrition of a PGY-1 resident. We sought to study the unique characteristics of applicants to that position and to describe the selection process with hopes to stimulate additional studies about the unique challenges of recruiting applicants into advanced standing positions. DESIGN: Applications were received via e-mail and reviewed to characterize the applicant pool...
December 11, 2017: Journal of Surgical Education
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29128101/effect-of-protected-research-time-on-absite-scores-during-general-surgery-residency
#9
Bruce A Orkin, Jennifer Poirier, Areta Kowal-Vern, Edie Chan, Karen Ohara, Brian Mendoza
BACKGROUND: Objective - To determine whether residents with one or more years of dedicated research time (Research Residents, RR) improved their ABSITE scores compared to those without (Non-Research Residents, N-RR). METHODS: A retrospective review of general surgery residents' ABSITE scores from 1995 to 2016 was performed. RR were compared to N-RR. Additional analysis of At Risk (AR) v Not At Risk residents (NAR) (<or >35th percentile as PGY1-2) was also performed...
February 2018: American Journal of Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29097172/beyond-250-a-comprehensive-strategy-to-maximize-the-operative-experience-for-junior-residents
#10
James M Healy, Mark W Maxfield, Daniel G Solomon, Walter E Longo, Peter S Yoo
OBJECTIVES: Among surgical educators, duty-hour restrictions led to concern regarding the adequacy of operative experience during residency, especially for junior residents. The American Board of Surgery recently instituted guidelines mandating "a minimum of 250 operations by the end of the PGY-2 year". A series of programmatic and institutional changes were implemented at our institution to augment the junior resident operative experience and to exceed compliance with this mandate...
October 30, 2017: Journal of Surgical Education
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28688968/are-surgical-milestone-assessments-predictive-of-in-training-examination-scores
#11
Mary K Kimbrough, Carol R Thrush, Emily Barrett, Frederick R Bentley, Kevin W Sexton
OBJECTIVES: With the recent utilization of Accreditation Council for Graduate Medical Education developmental milestones as part of resident evaluation, we sought to explore whether milestone-based ratings were associated with American Board of Surgery In-Training Examination (ABSITE) scores. METHODS: Mid-year milestone ratings were obtained from the Accreditation Council for Graduate Medical Education Accreditation Database System for years 2014, 2015, and 2016 for all postgraduate years 1-5 general surgery residents in our program and paired with ABSITE scores (n = 69) from January of the following year...
January 2018: Journal of Surgical Education
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28595817/relationships-between-study-habits-burnout-and-general-surgery-resident-performance-on-the-american-board-of-surgery-in-training-examination
#12
Matthew R Smeds, Carol R Thrush, Faith K McDaniel, Roop Gill, Mary K Kimbrough, Brian D Shames, Jeffrey J Sussman, Joseph M Galante, Catherine M Wittgen, Parswa Ansari, Steven R Allen, Michael S Nussbaum, Donald T Hess, David C Knight, Frederick R Bentley
BACKGROUND: The American Board of Surgery In-Training Examination (ABSITE) is used by programs to evaluate the knowledge and readiness of trainees to sit for the general surgery qualifying examination. It is often used as a tool for resident promotion and may be used by fellowship programs to evaluate candidates. Burnout has been associated with job performance and satisfaction; however, its presence and effects on surgical trainees' performance are not well studied. We sought to understand factors including burnout and study habits that may contribute to performance on the ABSITE examination...
September 2017: Journal of Surgical Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28545826/gamified-twitter-microblogging-to-support-resident-preparation-for-the-american-board-of-surgery-in-service-training-examination
#13
Laura C Lamb, Monica M DiFiori, Vijay Jayaraman, Brian D Shames, James M Feeney
OBJECTIVE: We sought to determine if a daily gamified microblogging project improves American Board of Surgery In-Service Training Examination (ABSITE) scores for participants. DESIGN: In July 2016, we instituted a gamified microblogging project using Twitter as the platform and modified questions from one of several available question banks. A question of the day was posted at 7-o׳clock each morning, Monday through Friday. Respondents were awarded points for speed, accuracy, and contribution to discussion topics...
November 2017: Journal of Surgical Education
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28032557/emotional-intelligence-in-surgery-is-associated-with-resident-job-satisfaction
#14
Robert H Hollis, Lauren M Theiss, Allison A Gullick, Joshua S Richman, Melanie S Morris, Jayleen M Grams, John R Porterfield, Daniel I Chu
BACKGROUND: Emotional intelligence (EI) has been associated with improved work performance and job satisfaction in several industries. We evaluated whether EI was associated with higher measures of work performance and job satisfaction in surgical residents. METHODS: We distributed the validated Trait EI Questionnaire and job satisfaction survey to all general surgery residents at a single institution in 2015. EI and job satisfaction scores were compared with resident performance using faculty evaluations of clinical competency-based surgical milestones and standardized test scores including the United States Medical Licensing Examination (USMLE) and American Board of Surgery In-Training Examination (ABSITE)...
March 2017: Journal of Surgical Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27884803/association-between-resident-perceptions-of-patient-safety-and-duty-hour-violations
#15
Richard S Matulewicz, David D Odell, Jeanette W Chung, Kristen A Ban, Anthony D Yang, Karl Y Bilimoria
BACKGROUND: Residents are often required to balance whether to adhere to duty hour policies or violate them to care for patients and obtain educational experiences. Little is known about why residents violate duty hour policies and whether there is a relationship between how often residents violate duty hours and concerns about patient safety. Our objective was to assess the association between resident duty hour violations and resident concerns about patient safety. STUDY DESIGN: We analyzed survey data collected from surgery residents who completed the 2015 American Board of Surgery In-Training Examination, excluding those in the Flexible Policy arm of the Flexibility in Duty Hour Requirements for Surgical Trainees (FIRST) trial...
February 2017: Journal of the American College of Surgeons
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27884802/association-between-flexible-duty-hour-policies-and-general-surgery-resident-examination-performance-a-flexibility-in-duty-hour-requirements-for-surgical-trainees-first-trial-analysis
#16
RANDOMIZED CONTROLLED TRIAL
Eddie Blay, D Brock Hewitt, Jeanette W Chung, Thomas Biester, James F Fiore, Allison R Dahlke, Christopher M Quinn, Frank R Lewis, Karl Y Bilimoria
BACKGROUND: Concerns persist about the effect of current duty hour reforms on resident educational outcomes. We investigated whether a flexible, less-restrictive duty hour policy (Flexible Policy) was associated with differential general surgery examination performance compared with current ACGME duty hour policy (Standard Policy). STUDY DESIGN: We obtained examination scores on the American Board of Surgery In-Training Examination, Qualifying Examination (written boards), and Certifying Examination (oral boards) for residents in 117 general surgery residency programs that participated in the Flexibility in Duty Hour Requirements for Surgical Trainees (FIRST) Trial...
February 2017: Journal of the American College of Surgeons
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27664877/evaluating-the-effectiveness-of-a-mock-oral-educational-program
#17
Laura E Fischer, Mara Snyder, Sarah A Sullivan, Eugene F Foley, Jacob A Greenberg
BACKGROUND: To obtain board certification, the American Board of Surgery requires graduates of general surgery training programs to pass both the written qualifying examination (QE) and the oral certifying examination (CE). In 2015, the pass rates for the QE and CE were 80% and 77%, respectively. In the 2011-2012 academic year, the University of Wisconsin instituted a mandatory, faculty-led, monthly CE preparation educational program (CE prep) as a supplement to their existing annual mock oral examination...
October 2016: Journal of Surgical Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27184181/effects-of-technological-advances-in-surgical-education-on-quantitative-outcomes-from-residency-programs
#18
REVIEW
Charles A Dietl, John C Russell
OBJECTIVES: The purpose of this article is to review the literature on current technology for surgical education and to evaluate the effect of technological advances on the Accreditation Council of Graduate Medical Education (ACGME) Core Competencies, American Board of Surgery In-Training Examination (ABSITE) scores, and American Board of Surgery (ABS) certification. DESIGN: A literature search was obtained from MEDLINE via PubMed.gov, ScienceDirect.com, and Google Scholar on all peer-reviewed studies published since 2003 using the following search queries: technology for surgical education, simulation-based surgical training, simulation-based nontechnical skills (NTS) training, ACGME Core Competencies, ABSITE scores, and ABS pass rate...
September 2016: Journal of Surgical Education
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27156139/effect-of-process-changes-in-surgical-training-on-quantitative-outcomes-from-surgery-residency-programs
#19
Charles A Dietl, John C Russell
OBJECTIVES: The purpose of this article is to review the literature on process changes in surgical training programs and to evaluate their effect on the Accreditation Council of Graduate Medical Education (ACGME) Core Competencies, American Board of Surgery In-Training Examination (ABSITE) scores, and American Board of Surgery (ABS) certification. DESIGN: A literature search was obtained from MEDLINE via PubMed.gov, ScienceDirect.com, Google Scholar on all peer-reviewed studies published since 2003 using the following search queries: surgery residency training, surgical education, competency-based surgical education, ACGME core competencies, ABSITE scores, and ABS pass rate...
September 2016: Journal of Surgical Education
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/26687960/predicting-and-enhancing-american-board-of-surgery-in-training-examination-performance-does-writing-questions-really-help
#20
RANDOMIZED CONTROLLED TRIAL
Ross E Willis, Daniel L Dent, Joseph D Love, Jason W Kempenich, John Uecker, Kimberly M Brown, J Scott Thomas, Pedro P Gomez, Andrew J Adams, John R Admire, Julie M Sprunt, Kristen M Kahrig, Katie Wiggins-Dohlvik
BACKGROUND: The generative learning model posits that individuals remember content they have generated better than materials created by others. The goals of this study were to evaluate question generation as a study method for the American Board of Surgery In-Training Examination (ABSITE) and determine whether practice test scores and other data predict ABSITE performance. METHODS: Residents (n = 206) from 6 general surgery programs were randomly assigned to one of the two study conditions...
February 2016: American Journal of Surgery
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