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Physician burnout

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28937001/physician-burnout-can-we-prevent-or-reduce-it
#1
Vijay Krishnan, Siddharth Sarkar
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
May 2017: National Medical Journal of India
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28935298/physician-burnout-are-we-treating-the-symptoms-instead-of-the-disease
#2
John J Squiers, Kevin W Lobdell, James I Fann, J Michael DiMaio
Despite increasing recognition of physician burnout, its incidence has only increased in recent years, with nearly half of physicians suffering from symptoms of burnout in the most recent surveys. Unfortunately, most burnout research has focused on its profound prevalence rather than seeking to identify the root cause of the burnout epidemic. Health care organizations throughout the United States are implementing committees and support groups in an attempt to reduce burnout among their physicians, but these efforts are typically focused on increasing resilience and wellness among participants rather than combating problematic changes in how medicine is practiced by physicians in the current era...
October 2017: Annals of Thoracic Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28934863/effects-of-job-burnout-and-emotional-labor-on-objective-structured-clinical-examination-performance-among-interns-and-residents-in-taiwan
#3
Chen-Yu Wang, Jen-De Chen, Chih-Hung Wang, Jong-Yi Wang, Chih-Jaan Tai, Tsu-Yi Hsieh, Der-Yuan Chen
Medical education faces challenges concerning job burnout and emotional labor among junior physicians, which poses a potential threat to the quality of medical care. Although studies have investigated job burnout and emotional labor among physicians, empirical research on the association between job burnout, emotional labor, and clinical performance is lacking. This study investigated the effects of job burnout and emotional labor on clinical performance by using the objective structured clinical examination (OSCE) scores of interns and residents...
January 1, 2017: Evaluation & the Health Professions
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28917376/ayurvedic-versus-conventional-dietary-and-lifestyle-counseling-for-mothers-with-burnout-syndrome-a-randomized-controlled-pilot-study-including-a-qualitative-evaluation
#4
Christian S Kessler, Clemens Eisenmann, Frank Oberzaucher, Martin Forster, Nico Steckhan, Larissa Meier, Elmar Stapelfeldt, Andreas Michalsen, Michael Jeitler
OBJECTIVES: Ayurveda claims to be effective in the treatment of psychosomatic disorders by means of lifestyle and nutritional counseling. DESIGN: In a randomized controlled study mothers with burnout were randomized into two groups: Ayurvedic nutritional counseling (according to tradition), and conventional nutritional counseling (following the recommendations of a family doctor). Patients received five counseling sessions over twelve weeks. MAIN OUTCOME MEASURES: Outcomes included levels of burnout, quality of life, sleep, stress, depression/anxiety, and spirituality at three and six months...
October 2017: Complementary Therapies in Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28913621/what-do-we-mean-by-physician-wellness-a-systematic-review-of-its-definition-and-measurement
#5
REVIEW
Keri J S Brady, Mickey T Trockel, Christina T Khan, Kristin S Raj, Mary Lou Murphy, Bryan Bohman, Erica Frank, Alan K Louie, Laura Weiss Roberts
OBJECTIVE: Physician wellness (well-being) is recognized for its intrinsic importance and impact on patient care, but it is a construct that lacks conceptual clarity. The authors conducted a systematic review to characterize the conceptualization of physician wellness in the literature by synthesizing definitions and measures used to operationalize the construct. METHODS: A total of 3057 references identified from PubMed, Web of Science, and a manual reference check were reviewed for studies that quantitatively assessed the "wellness" or "well-being" of physicians...
September 14, 2017: Academic Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28906390/empathy-and-burnout-of-emergency-professionals-of-a-health-region-a-cross-sectional-study
#6
Oriol Yuguero, Carles Forné, Montserrat Esquerda, Josep Pifarré, María José Abadías, Joan Viñas
The objective of this study is to assess the association between levels of empathy and burnout of emergency professionals in all the assistance levels.A cross-sectional observational study was conducted in the health region of Lleida and the Pyrenees with 100 professionals from the field of Urgency. Participation reached 40.8%. Empathy and burnout were measured using the Spanish versions of the Jefferson Scale of Physician Empathy (JSPE) and Maslach Burnout Inventory (MBI) respectively. The total MBI score and its 3 dimensions (emotional exhaustion, depersonalization, and personal accomplishment) were analyzed...
September 2017: Medicine (Baltimore)
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28903843/causes-and-adverse-impact-of-physician-burnout-a-systematic-review
#7
Kamran Azam, Anwar Khan, Muhammad Toqeer Alam
OBJECTIVE: To review the significant causes and effects of physician burnout in published literature. METHODOLOGY: Asystematic review was conducted for searching published literature on the causes and effects of burnout in three online databases. Inclusion and exclusion criteria were developed for final selection of papers. The selected papers were critically appraised and thematic analysis was done to identify major themes related to physician burnout. RESULTS: Thirty-one papers were finally selected among the 2,828 identified studies...
August 2017: Journal of the College of Physicians and Surgeons—Pakistan: JCPSP
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28901205/satisfaction-burnout-and-turnover-among-nurse-practitioners-and-physician-assistants-a-review-of-the-empirical-literature
#8
Timothy Hoff, Shannon Carabetta, Grace E Collinson
Examining the work-related psychological states of nurse practitioners and physician assistants is important, given their increased role expansion. The current PRISMA-guided review examined studies published between 2000 and 2016 for both these groups. The review also examined features of the research to draw conclusions about overall quality. Applying theories in job enrichment and job demands, 32 articles were identified that contained analyses of satisfaction, burnout, stress, and turnover. Key findings include the lack of robust research designs, overemphasis on job satisfaction, lower levels of satisfaction across both groups, and higher intrinsic versus extrinsic satisfaction levels generally...
September 1, 2017: Medical Care Research and Review: MCRR
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28893892/cma-must-address-physician-burnout-pharmacare-say-doctors
#9
Lauren Vogel
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
September 11, 2017: CMAJ: Canadian Medical Association Journal, Journal de L'Association Medicale Canadienne
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28893812/impact-of-scribes-on-physician-satisfaction-patient-satisfaction-and-charting-efficiency-a-randomized-controlled-trial
#10
Risha Gidwani, Cathina Nguyen, Alexis Kofoed, Catherine Carragee, Tracy Rydel, Ian Nelligan, Amelia Sattler, Megan Mahoney, Steven Lin
PURPOSE: Scribes are increasingly being used in clinical practice despite a lack of high-quality evidence regarding their effects. Our objective was to evaluate the effect of medical scribes on physician satisfaction, patient satisfaction, and charting efficiency. METHODS: We conducted a randomized controlled trial in which physicians in an academic family medicine clinic were randomized to 1 week with a scribe then 1 week without a scribe for the course of 1 year...
September 2017: Annals of Family Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28893811/tethered-to-the-ehr-primary-care-physician-workload-assessment-using-ehr-event-log-data-and-time-motion-observations
#11
Brian G Arndt, John W Beasley, Michelle D Watkinson, Jonathan L Temte, Wen-Jan Tuan, Christine A Sinsky, Valerie J Gilchrist
PURPOSE: Primary care physicians spend nearly 2 hours on electronic health record (EHR) tasks per hour of direct patient care. Demand for non-face-to-face care, such as communication through a patient portal and administrative tasks, is increasing and contributing to burnout. The goal of this study was to assess time allocated by primary care physicians within the EHR as indicated by EHR user-event log data, both during clinic hours (defined as 8:00 am to 6:00 pm Monday through Friday) and outside clinic hours...
September 2017: Annals of Family Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28893255/oncologist-burnout-and-compassion-fatigue-investigating-time-pressure-at-work-as-a-predictor-and-the-mediating-role-of-work-family-conflict
#12
Sibyl Kleiner, Jean E Wallace
BACKGROUND: Oncologists are at high risk of poor mental health. Prior research has focused on burnout, and has identified heavy workload as a key predictor. Compassion fatigue among physicians has generally received less attention, although medical specialties such as oncology may be especially at risk of compassion fatigue. We contribute to research by identifying predictors of both burnout and compassion fatigue among oncologists. In doing so, we distinguish between quantitative workload (e...
September 11, 2017: BMC Health Services Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28892175/-almost-forgetting-to-care-an-unanticipated-source-of-empathy-loss-in-clerkship
#13
Cheryl L Holmes, Harry Miller, Glenn Regehr
CONTEXT: The erosion of empathy in medical students is well documented. Both the hidden curriculum associated with poor role modelling and a sense of burnout have been proposed as key factors, but the precise mechanisms by which this loss of empathy occurs have not been elaborated. OBJECTIVES: In the context of a course designed to help students manage the hidden curriculum, we collected data that raised questions about current conceptualisations of the aspects of medical training that lead to loss of empathy...
July 2017: Medical Education
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28888320/wellness-and-burnout-in-burn-care-providers-professionalism-the-social-covenant-and-the-7-habits-of-highly-effective-teams
#14
REVIEW
Charles Scott Hultman, Michael W Neumeister
This article explores the functioning of highly effective teams in burn care. Critical to the success of the team is the health of burn care providers, who can experience burnout. Wellness must be promoted by health care organizations, which, in turn, are responsible for the health of the populations they serve. Professionalism not only frames the social covenant between patients and burn care physicians but may also serve as a critical force in protecting against burnout and promoting wellness.
October 2017: Clinics in Plastic Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28885530/emotional-intelligence-and-burnout-in-academic-radiation-oncology-chairs
#15
Emma B Holliday, James A Bonner, Silvia C Formenti, Stephen M Hahn, Shalom Kalnicki, Fei-Fei Liu, Benjamin Movsas, Clifton D Fuller, Charles R Thomas
The importance of emotional intelligence (EI) in physicians has attracted attention as researchers begin to focus on the relationship of EI to retention, promotion, and productivity among academic physicians. However, to date, no formal evaluation of EI has been conducted among current department chairs. The objectives of this study were to assess the EI of current chairs of academic radiation oncology departments and to correlate EI with a self-reported assessment of burnout.The authors invited 95 chairs of academic radiation oncology departments to participate in a survey, approved by an institutional review board, consisting of the Trait Emotional Intelligence Questionnaire Short Form (TEIQue-SF) and the abbreviated Maslach Burnout Inventory (a-MBI)...
September 2017: Journal of Healthcare Management / American College of Healthcare Executives
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28877620/they-did-not-start-the-fire-reviewing-and-resolving-the-issue-of-physician-stress-and-burnout
#16
Julie Christine Babyar
Purpose Physician stress and burnout is a serious and common concern in healthcare, with over half of physicians in the USA meeting at least one criterion for burnout. The paper aims to discuss these issues. Design/methodology/approach A review on current state of physician stress and burnout research, from 2008 to 2016, was undertaken. A subsequent perspective paper was shaped around these reviews. Findings Findings reveal research strength in prevalence and incidence with opportunities for stronger intervention studies...
June 19, 2017: Journal of Health Organization and Management
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28876426/factors-associated-with-burnout-syndrome-in-medical-residents-of-a-university-hospital
#17
Pedro Alves da Cruz Gouveia, Maria Hosana Chaves Ribeiro, Carlos Alberto de Moura Aschoff, Doris Pires Gomes, Nadine Anita Fonseca da Silva, Helton Alexsandro Firmino Cavalcanti
Objective: To determine the prevalence of burnout syndrome among resident physicians of various specialties and to evaluate associated factors. Method: The Maslach Burnout Inventory questionnaire and a sociodemographic questionnaire were used to evaluate factors associated with the syndrome. Burnout was defined as the association of high emotional exhaustion, depersonalization and low professional achievement. Multivariate analysis was performed after adjustment of the Poisson model with the identification of risk factors and calculation of prevalence ratios (PR)...
June 2017: Revista da Associação Médica Brasileira
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28876408/mental-health-problems-among-medical-students-in-brazil-a-systematic-review-and-meta-analysis
#18
João P Pacheco, Henrique T Giacomin, Wilson W Tam, Tássia B Ribeiro, Claudia Arab, Italla M Bezerra, Gustavo C Pinasco
Objective: To provide a comprehensive picture of mental health problems (MHPs) in Brazilian medical students by documenting their prevalence and association with co-factors. Methods: We systematically searched the MEDLINE/PubMed, SciELO, LILACS, and PsycINFO databases for cross-sectional studies on the prevalence of MHPs among medical students in Brazil published before September 29, 2016. We pooled prevalences using a random-effects meta-analysis, and summarized factors associated with MHP...
August 31, 2017: Revista Brasileira de Psiquiatria
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28861707/the-impact-of-a-required-longitudinal-stress-management-and-resilience-training-course-for-first-year-medical-students
#19
Liselotte N Dyrbye, Tait D Shanafelt, Ling Werner, Amit Sood, Daniel Satele, Alexandra P Wolanskyj
BACKGROUND: Although psychological distress is common among medical students, little remains known about effective interventions. One promising individual-focused approach is mindfulness-based stress management interventions; however, studies to date have relied on volunteers. OBJECTIVE: To determine whether a required longitudinal stress management and resilience course improves well-being among first-year medical students. DESIGN: A quasi-experimental study...
August 31, 2017: Journal of General Internal Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28854811/the-impact-of-perinatal-loss-in-maternity-units-a-psycholinguistic-analysis-of-health-professionals-reactions
#20
Gabriella Gandino, Giulia Di Fini, Antonella Bernaudo, Marcello Paltrinieri, Marco Castiglioni, Fabio Veglia
Perinatal loss has a strong emotional impact on health professionals working in maternity units. We aimed to study the impact of this experience on health professionals' language. We analyzed the answers of 162 health professionals (physicians and non-medical staff) who described their reactions to perinatal loss. A linguistic analysis was performed using the Linguistic Inquiry and Word Count software. Associations between language and burnout were studied. Words typical of a psychological shock reaction were used more by non-medical staff than by physicians...
August 1, 2017: Journal of Health Psychology
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