keyword
MENU ▼
Read by QxMD icon Read
search

elizabeth murphy

keyword
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28737219/impacts-of-hydraulic-redistribution-on-grass-tree-competition-vs-facilitation-in-a-semi-arid-savanna
#1
Greg A Barron-Gafford, Enrique P Sanchez-Cañete, Rebecca L Minor, Sean M Hendryx, Esther Lee, Leland F Sutter, Newton Tran, Elizabeth Parra, Tony Colella, Patrick C Murphy, Erik P Hamerlynck, Praveen Kumar, Russell L Scott
A long-standing ambition in ecosystem science has been to understand the relationship between ecosystem community composition, structure and function. Differential water use and hydraulic redistribution have been proposed as one mechanism that might allow for the coexistence of overstory woody plants and understory grasses. Here, we investigated how patterns of hydraulic redistribution influence overstory and understory ecophysiological function and how patterns vary across timescales of an individual precipitation event to an entire growing season...
July 24, 2017: New Phytologist
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28713554/growth-hormone-receptor-antagonism-with-pegvisomant-in-insulin-resistant-non-diabetic-men-a-phase-ii-pilot-study
#2
Ada P Lee, Kathleen Mulligan, Morris Schambelan, Elizabeth J Murphy, Ethan J Weiss
Background: Growth hormone (GH) is known to affect insulin and glucose metabolism.  Blocking its effects in acromegalic patients improves diabetes and glucose metabolism. We aimed to determine the effect of pegvisomant, a GH receptor antagonist, on insulin resistance, endogenous glucose production (EGP) and lipolysis in insulin resistant non-diabetic men.  Methods: Four men between the ages of 18-62 with a BMI of 18-35kg/m (2), with insulin resistance as defined by a HOMA-IR > 2.77, were treated for four weeks with pegvisomant 20 mg daily...
2017: F1000Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28704649/indoleacrylic-acid-produced-by-commensal-peptostreptococcus-species-suppresses-inflammation
#3
Marta Wlodarska, Chengwei Luo, Raivo Kolde, Eva d'Hennezel, John W Annand, Cortney E Heim, Philipp Krastel, Esther K Schmitt, Abdifatah S Omar, Elizabeth A Creasey, Ashley L Garner, Sina Mohammadi, Daniel J O'Connell, Sahar Abubucker, Timothy D Arthur, Eric A Franzosa, Curtis Huttenhower, Leon O Murphy, Henry J Haiser, Hera Vlamakis, Jeffrey A Porter, Ramnik J Xavier
Host factors in the intestine help select for bacteria that promote health. Certain commensals can utilize mucins as an energy source, thus promoting their colonization. However, health conditions such as inflammatory bowel disease (IBD) are associated with a reduced mucus layer, potentially leading to dysbiosis associated with this disease. We characterize the capability of commensal species to cleave and transport mucin-associated monosaccharides and identify several Clostridiales members that utilize intestinal mucins...
July 12, 2017: Cell Host & Microbe
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28671818/an-ear-on-environmental-surveillance-and-monitoring-a-case-study-on-the-use-of-exposure-activity-ratios-ears-to-prioritize-sites-chemicals-and-bioactivities-of-concern-in-great-lakes-waters
#4
Brett R Blackwell, Gerald T Ankley, Steven R Corsi, Laura A De Cicco, Keith A Houck, Richard S Judson, Shibin Li, Matthew Thomas Martin, Elizabeth Murphy, Anthony Schroeder, Edwin Smith, Joe Swintek, Daniel L Villeneuve
Current environmental monitoring approaches focus primarily on chemical occurrence. However, based on concentration alone, it can be difficult to identify which compounds may be of toxicological concern and should be prioritized for further monitoring, in-depth testing, or management. This can be problematic because toxicological characterization is lacking for many emerging contaminants. New sources of high-throughput screening (HTS) data like the ToxCast database, which contains information for over 9,000 compounds screened through up to 1,100 bioassays, are now available...
July 3, 2017: Environmental Science & Technology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28670483/best-practices-in-social-and-behavioral-research-report-from-the-enhancing-clinical-research-professional-s-training-and-qualifications-project
#5
Susan L Murphy, Christine Byks-Jazayeri, Nancy Calvin-Naylor, Vic Divecha, Elizabeth Anderson, Brenda Eakin, Alecia Fair, Laura Denton
INTRODUCTION: This article discusses the process of defining competencies and development of a best practices training course for investigators and clinical research coordinators who conduct social and behavioral research. METHODS: The first project phase established recommendations for training in Good Clinical Practice (GCP) and was done in conjunction with representatives from 62 Clinical and Translational Science Award (CTSA) hubs. Diversity in behavioral clinical trials and differences in regulation of behavioral trials compared with clinical trials involving drugs, devices, or biologics necessitated a separate Social and Behavioral Work Group...
February 2017: Journal of clinical and translational science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28662099/intratumoural-production-of-tnf%C3%AE-by-bacteria-mediates-cancer-therapy
#6
Carola Murphy, Elizabeth Rettedal, Panos Lehouritis, Ciarán Devoy, Mark Tangney
Systemic administration of the highly potent anticancer therapeutic, tumour necrosis factor alpha (TNFα) induces high levels of toxicity and is responsible for serious side effects. Consequently, tumour targeting is required in order to confine this toxicity within the locality of the tumour. Bacteria have a natural capacity to grow within tumours and deliver therapeutic molecules in a controlled fashion. The non-pathogenic E. coli strain MG1655 was investigated as a tumour targeting system in order to produce TNFα specifically within murine tumours...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28655631/varieties-of-semantic-cognition-revealed-through-simultaneous-decomposition-of-intrinsic-brain-connectivity-and-behaviour
#7
Deniz Vatansever, Danilo Bzdok, Hao-Ting Wang, Giovanna Mollo, Mladen Sormaz, Charlotte Murphy, Theodoros Karapanagiotidis, Jonathan Smallwood, Elizabeth Jefferies
Contemporary theories assume that semantic cognition emerges from a neural architecture in which different component processes are combined to produce aspects of conceptual thought and behaviour. In addition to the state-level, momentary variation in brain connectivity, individuals may also differ in their propensity to generate particular configurations of such components, and these trait-level differences may relate to individual differences in semantic cognition. We tested this view by exploring how variation in intrinsic brain functional connectivity between semantic nodes in fMRI was related to performance on a battery of semantic tasks in 154 healthy participants...
June 24, 2017: NeuroImage
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28650232/pharmacokinetics-of-cyclophosphamide-and-4-hydroxycyclophosphamide-in-cats-after-oral-intravenous-and-intraperitoneal-administration-of-cyclophosphamide
#8
Katherine A Stroda, Jacqueline D Murphy, Ryan J Hansen, Lisa Brownlee, Elizabeth A Atencio, Daniel L Gustafson, Susan E Lana
OBJECTIVE To characterize pharmacokinetics of cyclophosphamide and 4-hydoxycyclophosphamide (4-OHCP) in the plasma of healthy cats after oral, IV, and IP administration of cyclophosphamide. ANIMALS 6 healthy adult cats. PROCEDURES Cats were randomly assigned to receive cyclophosphamide (200 mg/m(2)) via each of 3 routes of administration (oral, IV, and IP); there was a 30-day washout period between successive treatments. Plasma samples were obtained at various time points for up to 8 hours after administration...
July 2017: American Journal of Veterinary Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28644097/thirty-day-postoperative-morbidity-and-mortality-after-temporal-lobectomy-for-medically-refractory-epilepsy
#9
Panagiotis Kerezoudis, Brandon McCutcheon, Meghan E Murphy, Kenan R Rajjoub, Daniel Ubl, Elizabeth B Habermann, Gregory Worrell, Mohamad Bydon, Jamie J Van Gompel
OBJECTIVE Temporal lobectomy is a well-established treatment modality for the management of medically refractory epilepsy in appropriately selected patients. The aim of this study was to assess 30-day morbidity and mortality after temporal lobectomy in cases registered in a national database. METHODS A retrospective cohort analysis was conducted using a multiinstitutional surgical registry compiled between 2006 and 2014. The authors identified patients who underwent anterior temporal lobectomy and/or amygdalohippocampectomy for a primary diagnosis of intractable epilepsy...
June 23, 2017: Journal of Neurosurgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28643553/renal-dysfunction-and-chronic-kidney-disease-in-ischemic-stroke-and-transient-ischemic-attack-a-population-based-study
#10
Derek Hayden, Christine McCarthy, Layan Akijian, Elizabeth Callaly, Danielle Ní Chróinín, Gillian Horgan, Lorraine Kyne, Joseph Duggan, Eamon Dolan, Killian O' Rourke, David Williams, Sean Murphy, Yvonne O'Meara, Peter J Kelly
Background and purpose The prevalence of chronic kidney disease (estimated glomerular filtration rate (eGFR) <60 mL/min per 1.73 m(2) for ≥3 months, chronic kidney disease (CKD)) in ischemic stroke and transient ischemic attack (TIA) is unknown, as estimates have been based on single-point estimates of renal function. Studies investigating the effect of renal dysfunction (eGFR < 60 mL/min per 1.73 m(2), renal dysfunction) on post-stroke outcomes are limited to hospitalized cohorts and have provided conflicting results...
January 1, 2017: International Journal of Stroke: Official Journal of the International Stroke Society
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28636455/the-role-of-the-healthcare-chaplain-a-literature-review
#11
Fiona Timmins, Sílvia Caldeira, Maryanne Murphy, Nicolas Pujol, Greg Sheaf, Elizabeth Weathers, Jacqueline Whelan, Bernadette Flanagan
Healthcare chaplains operate in many healthcare sites internationally and yet their contribution is not always clearly understood by medical and healthcare staff. This review aims to explore the chaplains' role in healthcare, with a view to informing best practice in future healthcare chaplaincy. Overall the extent of the provision and staffing of chaplaincy service internationally is unclear. From this review, several key spiritual and pastoral roles in healthcare emerge including a potential contribution to ethical decision making at the end of life...
June 21, 2017: Journal of Health Care Chaplaincy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28628581/a-collaborative-approach-to-childhood-obesity-surveillance-from-a-local-health-department
#12
Elizabeth Alleman, Elizabeth Murphy, Kristin Baskerville, Rashmi Chugh
DuPage County Health Department collected de-identified data from health forms submitted by participating schools for academic years 2011-2015 for kindergarten, sixth-, and ninth-grade students to determine the prevalence of obesity and elevated blood pressure among public school students. The prevalence of obesity in students for the 2014-2015 school year was 15.1%, and the prevalence of elevated blood pressure was 22.8%. Students in the "obese" body mass index percentile category had an elevated blood pressure prevalence of 44...
June 16, 2017: Journal of Public Health Management and Practice: JPHMP
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28618885/an-exploration-of-current-approaches-to-and-facilities-for-spiritual-care-provision-in-the-republic-of-ireland
#13
Fiona Timmins, Sílvia Caldeira, Maryanne Murphy, Nicolas Pujol, Greg Sheaf, Elizabeth Weathers, Jacqueline Whelan, Bernadette Flanagan
This study aimed to explore current approaches to and facilities for spiritual care provision in the Republic of Ireland. The findings identify that providing spiritual care to patients is a key component of hospital policy. Spiritual support is identified as the responsibility of the whole healthcare team with specific responsibility being attributed to the healthcare chaplain. Most sites provided a sacred space or quiet place for clients, visitors and staff to contemplate.
June 2017: Journal of Pastoral Care & Counseling: JPCC
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28614974/electronic-consultation-system-demonstrates-educational-benefit-for-primary-care-providers
#14
Jonas Kwok, J Nwando Olayiwola, Margae Knox, Elizabeth J Murphy, Delphine S Tuot
Background Electronic consultation systems allow primary care providers to receive timely speciality expertise via iterative electronic communication. The use of such systems is expanding across the USA with well-documented high levels of user satisfaction. We characterise the educational impact for primary care providers of a long-standing integrated electronic consultation and referral system. Methods Primary care providers' perceptions of the educational value inherent to electronic consultation system communication and the impact on their ability to manage common speciality clinical conditions and questions were examined by electronic survey using five-point Likert scales...
January 1, 2017: Journal of Telemedicine and Telecare
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28580655/a-quantitative-assay-for-amaranthus-palmeri-identification
#15
Brent P Murphy, Diane E Plewa, Elizabeth Phillippi, Suzanne M Bissonnette, Patrick J Tranel
BACKGROUND: Amaranthus palmeri recently has been brought into the Midwestern U.S. as a contaminant in Conservation Reserve Program (CRP) seeding mixes. Rapid species screening is required to mitigate the risk of continued species movement. RESULTS: Markers were developed for A. palmeri-specific nucleotide polymorphisms in the internal transcribed spacer of the ribosomal coding region. A quantitative PCR (qPCR) assay successfully identified A. palmeri from single-plants, simulated mixed-plant samples, and seed mixtures...
June 5, 2017: Pest Management Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28575757/sensorimotor-experience-and-verb-category-mapping-in-human-sensory-motor-and-parietal-neurons
#16
Ying Yang, Michael Walsh Dickey, Julie Fiez, Brian Murphy, Tom Mitchell, Jennifer Collinger, Elizabeth Tyler-Kabara, Michael Boninger, Wei Wang
Semantic grounding is the process of relating meaning to symbols (e.g., words). It is the foundation for creating a representational symbolic system such as language. Semantic grounding for verb meaning is hypothesized to be achieved through two mechanisms: sensorimotor mapping, i.e., directly encoding the sensorimotor experiences the verb describes, and verb-category mapping, i.e., encoding the abstract category a verb belongs to. These two mechanisms were investigated by examining neuronal-level spike (i...
May 6, 2017: Cortex; a Journal Devoted to the Study of the Nervous System and Behavior
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28554910/supportive-text-messages-for-patients-with-alcohol-use-disorder-and-a-comorbid-depression-a-protocol-for-a-single-blind-randomised-controlled-aftercare-trial
#17
Dan Hartnett, Edel Murphy, Elizabeth Kehoe, Vincent Agyapong, Declan M McLoughlin, Conor Farren
INTRODUCTION: Alcohol use disorders (AUDs) and mood disorders commonly co-occur, and are associated with a range of negative outcomes for patients. Mobile phone technology has the potential to provide personalised support for such patients and potentially improve outcomes in this difficult-to-treat cohort. The aim of this study is to examine whether receiving supporting SMS text messages, following discharge from an inpatient dual diagnosis treatment programme, has a positive impact on mood and alcohol abstinence in patients with an AUD and a comorbid mood disorder...
May 29, 2017: BMJ Open
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28553879/the-relationship-between-lower-body-stiffness-and-injury-incidence-in-female-netballers
#18
Elizabeth C Pickering Rodriguez, Mark L Watsford, Rob G Bower, Aron J Murphy
The aim of this study was to provide contemporary information on injury rates in an elite and sub-elite netball population and to explore the relationship between lower body stiffness and lower body injuries. One elite and two sub-elite teams of female netballers (n = 29) performed the vertical hop test to assess active lower body stiffness (Kvert) and myometry to assess quasi-static stiffness. Lower body injuries were monitored via self-reporting and liaison with physiotherapists. Twelve lower body non-contact injuries were sustained by 10 players, equating to 11...
May 29, 2017: Sports Biomechanics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28551781/the-in-vivo-biology-of-the-mitochondrial-calcium-uniporter
#19
Julia C Liu, Randi J Parks, Jie Liu, Justin Stares, Ilsa I Rovira, Elizabeth Murphy, Toren Finkel
The identification of the molecular composition of the mitochondrial calcium uniporter has allowed for the genetic manipulation of its components and the creation of various in vivo genetic models. Here, we review the initial attempts to modulate the expression of components of the calcium uniporter in a range of organisms from plants to mammals. This analysis has confirmed the strict requirement for the uniporter for in vivo mitochondrial calcium uptake and for maintaining mitochondrial calcium homeostasis...
2017: Advances in Experimental Medicine and Biology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28546494/draft-genome-sequence-of-acidihalobacter-ferrooxidans-dsm-14175-strain-v8-a-new-iron-and-sulfur-oxidizing-halotolerant-acidophilic-species
#20
Himel N Khaleque, Joshua P Ramsay, Riley J T Murphy, Anna H Kaksonen, Naomi J Boxall, Elizabeth L J Watkin
The use of halotolerant acidophiles for bioleaching provides a biotechnical approach for the extraction of metals from regions where high salinity exists in the ores and source water. Here, we describe the first draft genome of a new species of a halotolerant and iron- and sulfur-oxidizing acidophile, Acidihalobacter ferrooxidans DSM 14175 (strain V8).
May 25, 2017: Genome Announcements
keyword
keyword
40778
1
2
Fetch more papers »
Fetching more papers... Fetching...
Read by QxMD. Sign in or create an account to discover new knowledge that matter to you.
Remove bar
Read by QxMD icon Read
×

Search Tips

Use Boolean operators: AND/OR

diabetic AND foot
diabetes OR diabetic

Exclude a word using the 'minus' sign

Virchow -triad

Use Parentheses

water AND (cup OR glass)

Add an asterisk (*) at end of a word to include word stems

Neuro* will search for Neurology, Neuroscientist, Neurological, and so on

Use quotes to search for an exact phrase

"primary prevention of cancer"
(heart or cardiac or cardio*) AND arrest -"American Heart Association"