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meta,endometrial carcinoma screening

M M de Jonge, A L Mooyaart, M P G Vreeswijk, C D de Kroon, T van Wezel, C J van Asperen, V T H B M Smit, O M Dekkers, T Bosse
BACKGROUND: Uterine serous carcinoma (USC) shows greater morphological, clinical and molecular similarities to high-grade ovarian tubal serous carcinoma than to other types of endometrial cancer. As high-grade ovarian tubal serous carcinoma is known to be associated with BRCA1/2 pathogenic germline mutations (PMs), we aimed to explore whether USC is also a constituent of hereditary breast and ovarian cancer syndrome. METHODS: Pubmed, EMBASE and Web of Science were searched in July 2016 for articles assessing the association between USC and germline BRCA1/2-PMs...
February 2017: European Journal of Cancer
Sandra Lee, Marianne S Rose, Vikrant V Sahasrabuddhe, Rachel Zhao, M√°ire A Duggan
Immunohistochemistry is widely used to support a pathology diagnosis of cervical adenocarcinoma despite the absence of a systematic review and meta-analysis of the published data. This systematic review and meta-analysis was performed to investigate the sensitivity and specificity of immunohistochemistry biomarkers in the tissue-based diagnosis of cervical adenocarcinoma histotypes compared with normal endocervix and benign glandular lesions. The systematic review and meta-analysis used a PICOT framework and QUADAS-2 to evaluate the quality of included studies...
July 2017: International Journal of Gynecological Pathology
M C Breijer, J A H Peeters, B C Opmeer, T J Clark, R H M Verheijen, B W J Mol, A Timmermans
OBJECTIVES: Measurement of endometrial thickness is an important tool in the assessment of women with postmenopausal bleeding, but the role of endometrial thickness measurement by ultrasound in asymptomatic women is unclear. The aims of this study were to determine: (1) the normal endometrial thickness measured by ultrasonography, (2) the prevalence of serious endometrial pathology and (3) the sensitivity and specificity of endometrial thickness measurement by transvaginal ultrasonography (TVS) for diagnosing premalignant and malignant endometrial disease in asymptomatic postmenopausal women...
December 2012: Ultrasound in Obstetrics & Gynecology
Andrew G Renehan, Isabelle Soerjomataram, Michael F Leitzmann
Standard approaches to estimating population-attributable risk (PAR) include modelling estimates of exposure prevalence and relative risk. Here, we examine the associations between body mass index (BMI) and cancer risk and how effect modifications of these associations impact on PAR estimates. In 2008, sex- and population-specific risk estimates were determined for associations with BMI in a standardised meta-analysis for 20 cancer types. Since then, refinements of these estimates have emerged: (i) absence of menopausal hormonal therapy (MHT) is associated with elevated BMI associations in post-menopausal breast, endometrial and ovarian cancers; (ii) current smoking attenuates the BMI associations in oesophageal squamous cell carcinoma, lung and pancreatic cancers; (iii) prostate screening attenuates BMI associations when all prostate cancers are considered together; and (iv) BMI is differentially associated with different histological subtypes within the same cancer group...
September 2010: European Journal of Cancer
Karen Canfell, Yoon Jung Kang, Mark Clements, Aye Myat Moa, Valerie Beral
OBJECTIVES: To estimate the prevalence of normal endometrial cells (NECs) and the proportion of NECs associated with significant endometrial pathology in conventional and liquid-based cytology (LBC) cervical smears; and to assess the association between NECs and clinical symptoms in women with endometrial hyperplasia or carcinoma. METHODS: Systematic review of the literature and meta-analysis of prevalence and proportion data. The review was confined to studies reporting on NECs in smears from postmenopausal women or women aged 40+...
2008: Journal of Medical Screening
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