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Hemodialysis AND hospitalization

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29331476/factors-associated-with-withdrawal-from-maintenance-dialysis-a-case-control-analysis
#1
James B Wetmore, Heng Yan, Yan Hu, David T Gilbertson, Jiannong Liu
BACKGROUND: Little is known about differences in the clinical course between patients receiving maintenance dialysis who do and do not withdraw from dialysis therapy. STUDY DESIGN: Case-control analysis. SETTING & PARTICIPANTS: US patients with Medicare coverage who received maintenance hemodialysis for 1 year or longer in 2008 through 2011. PREDICTORS: Comorbid conditions, hospitalizations, skilled nursing facility stays, and a morbidity score based on durable medical equipment claims...
January 10, 2018: American Journal of Kidney Diseases: the Official Journal of the National Kidney Foundation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29326306/weekly-standard-kt-vurea-and-clinical-outcomes-in-home-and-in-center-hemodialysis
#2
Matthew B Rivara, Vanessa Ravel, Elani Streja, Yoshitsugu Obi, Melissa Soohoo, Alfred K Cheung, Jonathan Himmelfarb, Kamyar Kalantar-Zadeh, Rajnish Mehrotra
BACKGROUND AND OBJECTIVES: Patients undergoing hemodialysis with a frequency other than thrice weekly are not included in current clinical performance metrics for dialysis adequacy. The weekly standard Kt/Vurea incorporates treatment frequency, but there are limited data on its association with clinical outcomes. DESIGN, SETTING, PARTICIPANTS, & MEASUREMENTS: We used multivariable regression to examine the association of dialysis standard Kt/Vurea with BP and metabolic control (serum potassium, calcium, bicarbonate, and phosphorus) in patients incidental to dialysis treated with home (n=2373) or in-center hemodialysis (n=109,273)...
January 11, 2018: Clinical Journal of the American Society of Nephrology: CJASN
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29319777/encapsulating-peritoneal-sclerosis-case-report
#3
Gabriel Caetano Pereira, Igor Fiorese Vieira, Mateus Mazorra Coelho Vieira, Eliezer Moreno Romano, Luiz Eduardo Bersani Amado
Patients with chronic kidney disease (CDK) can develop several diseases caused by the renal replacement therapy. Here we report a rare complication of peritoneal dialysis, the encapsulating peritoneal sclerosis (EPS) in which the peritoneal tissue is gradually replaced by fibrous tissue. The patient in question, after late loss of renal graft and conversion to peritoneal dialysis, evolved with multiple hospitalizations for spontaneous bacterial infections, in recent admission, he was diagnosed with sub-occlusive abdomen secondary to the EPS...
October 2017: Jornal Brasileiro de Nefrologia: ʹorgão Oficial de Sociedades Brasileira e Latino-Americana de Nefrologia
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29318218/potential-benefit-associated-with-delaying-initiation-of-hemodialysis-in-a-japanese-cohort
#4
Satoshi Higuchi, Izaya Nakaya, Kazuhiro Yoshikawa, Yoichiro Chikamatsu, Ken-Ei Sada, Suguru Yamamoto, Satoko Takahashi, Hiroyo Sasaki, Jun Soma
Introduction: Late referral to a nephrologist, the type of vascular access, nutritional status, and the estimated glomerular filtration rate (eGFR) at the start of hemodialysis (HD) have been reported as independent risk factors of survival for patients who begin HD. The aim of this study was to clarify the influence of the HD-free interval from the time of an eGFR of 10 ml/min per 1.73 m2 (IGFR10-HD) on patient outcome. Methods: We enrolled 124 patients aged older than 20 years who had HD initiated in a general hospital...
July 2017: KI Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29311459/-low-continuity-rate-of-sucroferric-oxyhydroxide-among-japanese-hemodialysis-patients-with-high-phosphate-binder-pill-burden
#5
Satoru Mitsuboshi, Hitoshi Yamada, Kazuhiko Nagai, Hideo Okajima
 This prospective observational study was conducted to evaluate the continuity, efficacy, and tolerability of sucroferric oxyhydroxide (SO) among hemodialysis (HD) patients who switched to SO from sevelamer hydrochloride (SH) or bixalomer (BX). Participants were 9 HD patients in Kaetsu Hospital who had been receiving more than 9 tablets/d of SH or BX and were switched to SO 750 mg/d. All the participants were men. Over a 6-month observational period, 6 of the 9 patients (67%) discontinued SO because of adverse events, including diarrhea, atheroma, and polycythemia...
2018: Yakugaku Zasshi: Journal of the Pharmaceutical Society of Japan
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29311194/the-financial-cost-incurred-by-families-of-children-on-long-term-dialysis
#6
Abdulafeez Bello, Beauty Sangweni, Abdullah Mudi, Tholang Khumalo, Glenda Moonsamy, Cecil Levy
BACKGROUND: Costs of dialysis reported in countries where dialysis is government-funded are often those incurred by the state, and only a few take into account the financial burden to the family of the index patient. This study investigated the financial cost implication to families of pediatric patients on maintenance dialysis and how aid provided by the government alleviates their financial burden. METHODS: This descriptive cross-sectional study recruited 24 children on peritoneal dialysis (PD) and hemodialysis (HD), and a structured questionnaire was administered to the parents/caregivers of these patients to obtain information on their family size, total family income, cost of transportation, employment status of attending caregiver, and number of work days missed due to hospital visits...
January 2018: Peritoneal Dialysis International: Journal of the International Society for Peritoneal Dialysis
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29310404/extracorporeal-membrane-oxygenation-combined-with-continuous-renal-replacement-therapy-in-cutaneous-burn-and-inhalation-injury-caused-by-hydrofluoric-acid-and-nitric-acid
#7
Qinhua Pu, Jinxian Qian, Weiyi Tao, Aixiang Yang, Jian Wu, Yaodong Wang
RATIONALE: Hydrofluoric acid (HF) is a highly corrosive agent and can cause corrosive burns. HF can penetrate deeply into tissues through intact skin and the lipid barrier, leading to painful liquefactive necrosis, and inducing hypocalcemia and hypomagnesemia. In this study, we hypothesize that continuous renal replacement therapy (CRRT) may be beneficial in addressing hemodynamic instability in cases of HF poisoning. PATIENT CONCERNS: A 25-year-old man fell into an electroplating pool containing 10% HF and 50% nitric acid...
December 2017: Medicine (Baltimore)
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29302867/risk-of-cardiovascular-mortality-predicted-by-the-serum-calcium-level-and-calcification-score-at-the-initiation-of-dialysis
#8
Hiroyuki Sato, Tasuku Nagasawa, Ayako Saito, Mariko Miyazaki
BACKGROUND: The relationship between serum corrected calcium (CCa) level and vessel calcification at dialysis initiation and survival has seldom been evaluated. Therefore, we evaluated the efficacy of CCa levels and the calcification score at the initiation of dialysis for predicting all-cause and cardiovascular (CV) mortality in patients with end-stage renal disease (ESRD). METHODS: The study group included 407 patients with ESRD, who started hemodialysis between January 2009 and December 2016 at the Red Cross Ishinomaki Hospital...
January 4, 2018: Clinical and Experimental Nephrology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29299004/ambulatory-medication-reconciliation-in-dialysis-patients-benefits-and-community-practitioners-perspectives
#9
Jo-Anne S Wilson, Matthew A Ladda, Jaclyn Tran, Marsha Wood, Penelope Poyah, Steven Soroka, Glenn Rodrigues, Karthik Tennankore
Background: Ambulatory medication reconciliation can reduce the frequency of medication discrepancies and may also reduce adverse drug events. Patients receiving dialysis are at high risk for medication discrepancies because they typically have multiple comorbid conditions, are taking many medications, and are receiving care from many practitioners. Little is known about the potential benefits of ambulatory medication reconciliation for these patients. Objectives: To determine the number, type, and potential level of harm associated with medication discrepancies identified through ambulatory medication reconciliation and to ascertain the views of community pharmacists and family physicians about this service...
November 2017: Canadian Journal of Hospital Pharmacy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29297246/very-early-withdrawal-from-treatment-in-patients-starting-peritoneal-dialysis
#10
Qimei Luo, Xi Xia, Zhenchuan Lin, Jianxiong Lin, Xiao Yang, Fengxian Huang, Xueqing Yu
INTRODUCTION: Very early withdrawal from treatment in patients undergoing peritoneal dialysis (PD) is an increasingly important, but poorly understood, issue. Here, we identified the reasons and risk factors for very early withdrawal from PD. METHODS: Incident PD patients from The First Affiliated Hospital of Sun Yat-sen University above 18 years who started treatment between January 1 2006 and December 31 2011 were included. Cessation of PD therapy within the first 90 days after beginning dialysis was classified as very early withdrawal...
November 2018: Renal Failure
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29289475/center-effects-and-peritoneal-dialysis-peritonitis-outcomes-analysis-of-a-national-registry
#11
Htay Htay, Yeoungjee Cho, Elaine M Pascoe, Darsy Darssan, Annie-Claire Nadeau-Fredette, Carmel Hawley, Philip A Clayton, Monique Borlace, Sunil V Badve, Kamal Sud, Neil Boudville, Stephen P McDonald, David W Johnson
BACKGROUND: Peritonitis is a common cause of technique failure in peritoneal dialysis (PD). Dialysis center-level characteristics may influence PD peritonitis outcomes independent of patient-level characteristics. STUDY DESIGN: Retrospective cohort study. SETTING & PARTICIPANTS: Using Australia and New Zealand Dialysis and Transplant Registry (ANZDATA) data, all incident Australian PD patients who had peritonitis from 2004 through 2014 were included...
December 28, 2017: American Journal of Kidney Diseases: the Official Journal of the National Kidney Foundation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29289367/characterizing-predictors-and-severity-of-vasoplegia-syndrome-after-heart-transplantation
#12
Joshua L Chan, Jon A Kobashigawa, Tamar L Aintablian, Sadia J Dimbil, Paul A Perry, Jignesh K Patel, Michelle M Kittleson, Lawrence S Czer, Parham Zarrini, Angela Velleca, Jenna Rush, Francisco A Arabia, Alfredo Trento, Fardad Esmailian
BACKGROUND: Vasoplegia is characterized as a severe vasodilatory shock after cardiac surgery, and can be associated with substantial morbidity. Increased systemic inflammation and endothelial dysfunction, often related to prolonged cardiopulmonary bypass times, anesthesia, or mechanical circulatory support have been shown to be associated with the development of vasoplegia. We sought to identify risk factors and the impact of various degrees of vasoplegia after heart transplantation. METHODS: A retrospective review was conducted of 244 consecutive patients who underwent heart transplantation over a 3-year period...
December 27, 2017: Annals of Thoracic Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29288290/complete-remission-of-hypertension-in-a-hemodialysis-patient-after-adrenalectomy-for-primary-aldosteronism-and-renal-transplantation
#13
Daisuke Watanabe, Satoshi Morimoto, Noriyoshi Takano, Shihori Kimura, Yasufumi Seki, Kanako Bokuda, Midori Sasaki-Yatabe, Junichi Yatabe, Hiromi Onizuka, Tomoko Yamamoto, Takashi Ando, Atsuhiro Ichihara
A 64-year-old man was admitted to our hospital for the hormonal evaluation of a right adrenal adenoma. He had been diagnosed with severe proteinuria and hypertension, and antihypertensive treatment was started at the age of 60. His renal function gradually declined, and hemodialysis was begun at the age of 64. Since his blood pressure was uncontrollable and resistant to antihypertensive treatment, an endocrinological examination was performed for an incidental right adrenal mass detected by computed tomography...
December 29, 2017: CEN Case Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29282123/impact-of-risk-factors-on-functional-status-in-maintenance-hemodialysis-patients
#14
Jin-Bor Chen, Wen-Chin Lee, Ben-Chung Cheng, Sin-Hua Moi, Cheng-Hong Yang, Yu-Da Lin
OBJECTIVES: To survey by measuring patient's functional status which is crucial when end-stage renal disease patients begin a dialysis program. The influence of the disease on patients can be examined by the measurement of Karnofsky Performance Status (KPS) scores, together with a quality of life survey, and clinical variables. METHODS: The details for the dataset in the study were collected from patients receiving regular hemodialysis (HD) in one hospital, which were available retrospectively for 1166 patients during the 5-year study period...
December 28, 2017: European Journal of Medical Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29281772/a-peer-to-peer-mentoring-program-for-in-center-hemodialysis-a-patient-centered-quality-improvement-program
#15
Jennifer St Clair Russell, Shiree Southerland, Edwin D Huff, Maria Thomson, Klemens B Meyer, Janet R Lynch
A patient-centered quality improvement program implemented in one Virginia hemodialysis facility sought to determine if peer-to-peer (P2P) programs can assist patients on in-center hemodialysis with self-management and improve outcomes. Using a single-arm, repeatedmeasurement, quasi-experimental design, 46 patients participated in a four-month P2P intervention. Outcomes include knowledge, self-management behaviors, and psychosocial health indicators: self-efficacy, perceived social support, hemodialysis social support, and healthrelated quality of life (HRQoL)...
November 2017: Nephrology Nursing Journal: Journal of the American Nephrology Nurses' Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29279636/treatment-of-acute-kidney-injury-complicating-septic-shock-with-emic2-high-cutoff-hemofilter-case-series
#16
Hoi-Ping Shum, King-Chung Chan, Wing-Wa Yan, Tak Mao Chan
Introduction: Extracorporeal blood purification therapies have been proposed to improve outcomes of patients with severe sepsis, with or without accompanying acute kidney injury (AKI), by removal of excessive inflammatory mediators. Materials and Methods: We report our experience with EMiC2 high-cutoff continuous venovenous hemofiltration/hemodialysis (HCO-CVVH/HD) in seven patients with AKI complicating septic shock. Results: The median treatment duration was 71 h, and the procedure was well tolerated...
November 2017: Indian Journal of Critical Care Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29276387/delirium-in-hemodialysis-predicts-mortality-a-single-center-long-term-observational-study
#17
Norio Yasui-Furukori, Natsumi Tarakita, Waka Uematsu, Hisao Saito, Kazuhiko Nakamura, Chikara Ohyama, Norio Sugawara
Objectives: Delirium signifies underlying brain dysfunction; however, its clinical significance in hemodialysis remains unclear. In this study, we sought to determine whether the occurrence of delirium during hemodialysis was associated with higher mortality. Patients and methods: This was a retrospective, 10-year cohort study. This study was performed at the urology department located within a hospital in Oyokyo, Hirosaki. We analyzed 338 of 751 patients who underwent hemodialysis...
2017: Neuropsychiatric Disease and Treatment
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29276299/safety-and-efficacy-of-enoxaparin-compared-with-unfractionated-heparin-for-venous-thromboembolism-prophylaxis-in-hemodialysis-patients
#18
Melissa S Green, Katie B Tellor, Amanda R Buckallew
Background: Enoxaparin, a low-molecular-weight heparin approved for prophylaxis in patients at risk for venous thromboembolism (VTE), offers several advantages compared with unfractionated heparin (UFH). Enoxaparin is primarily excreted through renal elimination and is currently not recommended in patients receiving hemodialysis (HD) due to potential increased bleeding complications. To date, there are limited safety and efficacy data supporting the use of enoxaparin in this patient population for VTE prophylaxis...
October 2017: Hospital Pharmacy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29273282/hemodialysis-access-maintenance-in-the-medicare-population-an-analysis-over-a-decade-of-trends-by-provider-specialty-and-site-of-service
#19
Osman Ahmed, Ketan Patel, Rana Rabei, Mikin V Patel, Michael Ginsburg, Bishir Clayton, Bulent Arslan
PURPOSE: To evaluate annual national trends in hemodialysis access maintenance procedures in the Medicare population by specialty and setting. METHODS: Medicare Physician Supplier Procedure Summary Master Files between 2005 and 2015 were analyzed for procedure codes of hemodialysis access angiography and percutaneous thrombectomy. Using physician specialty codes, component procedure volume for endovascular services were queried for radiology, medicine, and surgery...
December 19, 2017: Journal of Vascular and Interventional Radiology: JVIR
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29259148/successful-recovery-from-spontaneous-spinal-epidural-hematoma-in-a-patient-undergoing-hemodialysis
#20
Arata Hibi, Takahisa Kasugai, Keisuke Kamiya, Keisuke Kamiya, Satoru Kominato, Chiharu Ito, Toshiyuki Miura, Katsushi Koyama
BACKGROUND Spontaneous spinal epidural hematoma (SSEH) occurs in the spinal epidural space in the absence of traumatic or iatrogenic causes, and is considered to be a neurological emergency, as spinal cord compression may lead to neurological deficit. Prompt diagnosis of SSEH can be difficult due to the variety of presenting symptoms, which may resemble those of stroke. Patients who undergo hemodialysis (HD) are at risk of bleeding due to anticoagulation during dialysis and uremia. However, SSEH in HD patients undergoing HD has rarely been reported...
December 20, 2017: American Journal of Case Reports
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