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Hemodialysis AND hospitalization

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28937077/practice-pattern-of-hemodialysis-among-end-stage-renal-disease-patients-in-rural-south-india-a-single-center-experience
#1
R Hemachandar
Hemodialysis (HD) is the most common mode of renal replacement therapy for end-stage renal disease (ESRD) patients in India. However, the practice and pattern of dialysis in a hospital serving rural population is largely unknown. A prospective study of 127 ESRD patients initiated on HD between January 2013 and December 2014 was done. The study included 101 males and 26 females, with a mean age of 50.05 ± 13.80 years. Native kidney disease was unknown in 45.67% of patients as they presented very late in their disease course...
September 2017: Saudi Journal of Kidney Diseases and Transplantation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28937062/cryotherapy-intervention-in-relieving-arteriovenous-fistula-cannulation-related-pain-among-hemodialysis-patients-at-the-king-khalid-hospital-tabuk-kingdom-of-saudi-arabia
#2
Hamad S Al Amer, Wireen Leila Dator, Hamzeh Y Abunab, Mohammad Mari
Pain during arteriovenous fistula (AVF) cannulation remains a common problem in hemodialysis (HD) patients that leads to noncompliance to lifetime maintenance HD. This study was performed to determine the effect of cryotherapy on reducing pain during AVF cannulation among HD patients in the King Khalid Hospital, Tabuk, Kingdom of Saudi Arabia. This is an experimental study which included 62 patients undergoing HD through an AVF. Randomization was used to assign the patients into the experimental (received cryotherapy) and control (no cryotherapy) groups...
September 2017: Saudi Journal of Kidney Diseases and Transplantation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28934936/transitional-cell-carcinoma-involving-graft-kidney-in-a-kidney-transplant-recipient-a-case-report
#3
Yu Ah Hong, Hyeon Seok Hwang, Hae Joung Sul, Suk Young Kim, Yoon Kyung Chang
BACKGROUND: Kidney transplantation (KT) is the treatment option for patients with end stage renal disease (ESRD) to prolong survival and improve quality of life. Although the use of potent immunosuppressive agents increases graft survival in kidney transplantation recipients (KTRs), it may lead to the development of malignancy, including transitional cell carcinoma (TCC). TCC developing in the pelvis of graft kidney is very rare in KTRs. CASE PRESENTATION: A 40-year-old male visited hospital with complaints of nausea, vomiting and gross hematuria...
September 21, 2017: BMC Nephrology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28932305/the-effect-of-treatment-on-short-term-outcomes-in-elderly-patients-with-acute-kidney-injury
#4
Zvezdana Petronijevic, Gjulsen Selim, Lidija Petkovska, Ljubica Georgievska-Ismail, Goce Spasovski, Liljana Tozija
BACKGROUND: Elderly population (≥ 65) are more prone to develop acute kidney injury (AKI) compared to younger, also elderly with AKI have an increased requirement for dialysis treatment and an elevated risk of short-term and long-term mortality. AIM: The objectives of this study were to examine the effect of treatment of short-term outcomes and mortality in elderly patients with AKI. MATERIAL AND METHODS: Seventy elderly AKI patients, that filled one of the criteria of AKI definition and had hospitalization over 24 hours, were enrolled in the study...
August 15, 2017: Open Access Macedonian Journal of Medical Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28931801/elizabethkingia-meningoseptica-in-a-case-of-biliary-tract-infection-following-liver-transplantation
#5
Hebah M Musalem, Yazan N Honjol, Lin M Tuleimat, Saleh I Al Abbad, Fahad I Alsohaibani
BACKGROUND Elizabethkingia meningoseptica (E. meningoseptica) is an aerobic Gram-negative bacillus known to thrive in moist environments, and is now recognized as a hospital-acquired infection, being found to contaminate hospital equipment, respiratory apparatus, hospital solutions, water, and drainage systems. Nosocomial infection with E. meningoseptica occurs in immunocompromised patients, requires specialized identification methods, and is resistant to conventional antibiotics. We report a case of E. meningoseptica infection arising from a percutaneous transhepatic biliary drainage (PTBD) tube...
September 21, 2017: American Journal of Case Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28931790/clinical-characteristics-and-long-term-outcomes-of-rotational-atherectomy%C3%A3-j2t-multicenter-registry
#6
Iwao Okai, Tomotaka Dohi, Shinya Okazaki, Kentaro Jujo, Makoto Nakashima, Hisao Otsuki, Kazuki Tanaka, Hiroyuki Arashi, Ryuta Okabe, Fukuko Nagura, Yugo Nara, Hiroshi Tamura, Takeshi Kurata, Hideyuki Kawashima, Hiroyuki Kyono, Junichi Yamaguchi, Katsumi Miyauchi, Ken Kozuma, Nobuhisa Hagiwara, Hiroyuki Daida
BACKGROUND: Rotational atherectomy (RA) is an adjunct tool for the management of heavily calcified coronary lesions during percutaneous coronary intervention (PCI), but the long-term clinical outcomes of RA use remain unclear in this drug-eluting stent era.Methods and Results:This multi-center registry assessed the characteristics and outcomes of patients treated by RA for calcified coronary lesions between 2004 and 2015. Among 1,090 registered patients, mean age was 70±10 years and 815 (75%) were male...
September 21, 2017: Circulation Journal: Official Journal of the Japanese Circulation Society
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28931471/endovascular-treatment-of-iliac-and-common-femoral-arteries-disease-by-the-transradial-access-a-prospective-feasibility-study
#7
Roberto Lorenzoni, Cristiano Lisi, Giulia Lorenzoni, Laura Tessandori, Francesco Bovenzi
AIM: To report feasibility and safety of endovascular interventions on iliac and common femoral arteries, using the transradial access (TRA). METHODS: 100 consecutive patients (19 women; mean age 71, range 37-90years) with critical limb ischemia (30%) or claudication, and TASC A-D lesions in iliac or common femoral arteries, were prospectively enrolled, from January 2013 to June 2015, to be treated via the TRA. Exclusion criteria included no palpable radial arteries (RA) and the presence of a fistula for hemodialysis...
August 18, 2017: Cardiovascular Revascularization Medicine: Including Molecular Interventions
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28928980/common-yet-elusive-a-case-of-severe-anion-gap-acidosis
#8
Akanksha Agrawal, Marina Kishlyansky, Sylvia Biso, Soumya Patnaik, Chitra Punjabi
Acid-base disturbances are common occurrence in hospitalized patients with life threatening complications. 5-oxoproline has been increasingly recognized as cause of high anion gap metabolic acidosis (AGMA) in association with chronic acetaminophen use. However, laboratory workup for it are not widely available. We report case of 56-year-old female with severe AGMA not attributable to ketoacidosis, lactic acidosis or toxic ingestion. History was significant for chronic acetaminophen use, and laboratory workup negative for all frequent causes of AGMA...
September 2017: Oxford Medical Case Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28902900/possible-clinical-effects-of-molecular-hydrogen-h2-delivery-during-hemodialysis-in-chronic-dialysis-patients-interim-analysis-in-a-12-month-observation
#9
Masaaki Nakayama, Noritomo Itami, Hodaka Suzuki, Hiromi Hamada, Naoyuki Osaka, Ryo Yamamoto, Kazumasa Tsunoda, Hirofumi Nakano, Kimio Watanabe, Wan-Jun Zhu, Yukio Maruyama, Hiroyuki Terawaki, Shigeru Kabayama, Ryoichi Nakazawa, Mariko Miyazaki, Sadayoshi Ito
BACKGROUND AND AIM: It is supposed that enhanced oxidative stress and inflammation are involved with the poor clinical outcomes in patients on chronic dialysis treatment. Recent studies have shown that molecular hydrogen (H2) is biologically active as an anti-inflammatory agent. Thus, we developed a novel hemodialysis (E-HD) system which delivers H2 (30 to 80 ppb)-enriched dialysis solution, to conduct a prospective observational study (UMIN000004857) in order to compare the long-term outcomes between E-HD and conventional-HD (C-HD) in Japan...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28894552/status-of-antioxidant-and-homocysteine-lowering-vitamins-related-to-cardiovascular-diseases-in-hemodialysis-patients
#10
Akram Kooshki, Mitra Eftekhari Yazdi, Manidgeh Yousefi Moghaddam, Roya Akbarzadeh
BACKGROUND AND AIM: Cardiovascular disease is the major cause of mortality in hemodialysis patients. Oxidative stress and hyperhomocysteinemia may contribute to an increased risk of CVD. Therefore, we assessed the status of antioxidant and homocysteine-lowering vitamins related to cardiovascular disease in hemodialysis patients at Vasei hospital in Sabzevar. METHODS: In this cross-sectional study, we enrolled 75 hemodialysis patients by using census method at Vasei Hospital in Sabzevar (Iran) in 2014...
July 2017: Electronic Physician
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28894541/correlation-between-social-support-self-efficacy-and-health-promoting-behavior-in-hemodialysis-patients-hospitalized-in-karaj-in-2015
#11
Mahmoud Kiajamali, Meimanat Hosseini, Fatemeh Estebsari, Maliheh Nasiri, Tahereh Ashktorab, Amirhossein Abdi, Aazam Mahmoudi, Atefe Salimi Akin Abadi
BACKGROUND: In hemodialysis, as a choice of treatment due to long treatment duration, the patient encounters limitations. Perceived social support, perceived self-efficacy and health promoting activities are important strategies to facilitate and maintain their health. AIM: To determine the correlation between social support, self-efficacy and health promoting behaviors in hemodialysis patients hospitalized in Karaj city in 2015. METHODS: This cross-sectional descriptive correlational study was carried out on 200 hemodialysis patients who were selected from four hospitals in Karaj based on cluster sampling...
July 2017: Electronic Physician
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28893450/emergency-medicine-evaluation-and-management-of-the-end-stage-renal-disease-patient
#12
REVIEW
Brit Long, Alex Koyfman, Courtney M Lee
BACKGROUND: End stage renal disease (ESRD) is increasing in the U.S., and these patients demonstrate greater all-cause mortality, cardiovascular events, and hospitalization rates when compared to those with normal renal function. These patients may experience significant complications associated with loss of renal function and dialysis. OBJECTIVE: This review evaluates complications of ESRD including cardiopulmonary, neurologic, infectious disease, vascular, and access site complications, as well as medication use in this population...
September 5, 2017: American Journal of Emergency Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28889715/-simultaneous-hepatorenal-transplantation-from-a-brain-dead-donor-for-graft-dysfunction-and-renal-insufficiency-in-a-liver-transplant-recipient-a-case-report
#13
Hideaki Takada, Takashi Kobayashi, Kohei Ogawa, Hitomi Miyata, Atsuro Sawada, Shusuke Akamatsu, Hiromitsu Negoro, Ryoichi Saito, Naoki Terada, Toshinari Yamasaki, Takahiro Inoue, Yuki Teramoto, Shinsuke Shibuya, Hironori Haga, Toshimi Kaido, Shinji Uemoto, Osamu Ogawa
We report a case of lethal hepatorenal insufficiency in a 52-year-old man who received successful simultaneous hepatorenal transplantation from a deceased donor. The patient had undergone live-donor liver transplantation for type-C hepatitis and liver cirrhosis 11 years before he developed graft liver dysfunction due to recurrent viral hepatitis and cirrhosis. At that instance, he also developed end-stage renal dysfunction due to calcineurin inhibitor nephropathy and hepatorenal syndrome. Although he needed three open hemostases and abundant blood transfusion, he was withdrawn from continuous hemodiafiltration on the 55th day and discharged from the hospital on the 272nd day postoperatively...
August 2017: Hinyokika Kiyo. Acta Urologica Japonica
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28887083/pres-leading-to-the-diagnosis-of-mcardle-disease
#14
Jennifer M Martinez-Thompson, Sean J Pittock, Margherita Milone
A 35year-old male developed myalgias after moving furniture and was hospitalized with acute renal failure and rhabdomyolysis requiring hemodialysis. He then had several generalized tonic-clonic seizures. Brain MRI showed findings of posterior reversible encephalopathy syndrome (PRES). Interval history revealed easy fatigability and exercise-induced myalgias in childhood but no preceding history of urine discoloration. Quadriceps biopsy showed absent muscle myophosphorylase reactivity consistent with the diagnosis of McArdle disease...
September 5, 2017: Journal of Clinical Neuroscience: Official Journal of the Neurosurgical Society of Australasia
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28882333/trends-and-outcomes-of-aortic-valve-replacement-in-patients-with-end-stage-renal-disease-on-hemodialysis
#15
Sami Aljohani, Fahad Alqahtani, Ahmad Almustafa, Khaled Boobes, Sujal Modi, Mohamad Alkhouli
Hemodialysis (HD) patients with aortic stenosis are less likely to undergo aortic valve replacement (AVR) due to their excess perioperative mortality. We aimed to evaluate contemporary utilization and outcomes of combined and isolated AVR in HD patients. The Nationwide Inpatient Sample was used to identify 142,046 patients who underwent AVR in 2005 to 2014, of whom 2,264 (1.6%) were on HD. Crude and adjusted in-hospital outcomes and costs were assessed in unmatched and propensity-matched cohorts of HD and non-HD patients, respectively...
August 4, 2017: American Journal of Cardiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28881652/predictors-of-acute-kidney-injury-after-paraquat-intoxication
#16
Cheng-Hao Weng, Hui-Hsiang Chen, Ching-Chih Hu, Wen-Hung Huang, Ching-Wei Hsu, Jen-Fen Fu, Wey-Ran Lin, I-Kwan Wang, Tzung-Hai Yen
Paraquat intoxication is characterized by multi-organ failure, causing substantial mortality and morbidity. Many paraquat patients experience acute kidney injury (AKI), sometimes requiring hemodialysis. We observed 222 paraquat-intoxicated patients between 2000 and 2012, and divided them into AKI (n = 103) and non-AKI (n = 119) groups. The mortality rate was higher for AKI than non-AKI patients (70.1% vs. 40.0%, P < 0.001). Patients with AKI had a longer time to hospital arrival (P = 0.003), lower PaO2 (P = 0...
August 1, 2017: Oncotarget
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28879483/molecular-characterization-of-acanthamoeba-strains-isolated-from-the-oral-cavity-of-hemodialysis-patients-in-iran
#17
Maryam Niyyati, Zahra Arab-Mazar, Zohreh Lasjerdi, Jacob Lorenzo-Morales, Adel Espotin, Davood Yadegarynia, Latif Gachkar, Sara Rahmati Roodsari
Free-living amoebae (FLA) of the genus Acanthamoeba are opportunistic pathogenic agents able to cause life-threatening infections in immunosuppressed patients. Chronic kidney disease impairs adaptive and innate immunity. Thus, patients with chronic kidney disease are prone to opportunistic infections by potentially pathogenic FLA. Therefore, in the present study, the investigation of Acanthamoeba genotypes isolated from the oral cavity of hemodialysis patients of reference hospitals in Iran was aimed, using both morphology and molecular (sequence-based analysis) tools...
September 6, 2017: Parasitology Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28877825/effectiveness-of-peritoneal-dialysis-in-treating-adult-end-stage-renal-disease-patients-with-polycystic-kidney-disease
#18
Ying Ma, Hai-Yun Wang, Zi-Juan Zhou, Yang Li, Wei Yang, Bing-Yan Liu, Jing-Hua Xia, Xue-Mei Li, Li-Meng Chen
Objective To observe the clinical characteristics,dialysis modalities,and outcomes of end stage renal disease(ESRD)patients with polycystic kidney disease(PKD)and to evaluate the feasibility of peritoneal dialysis in these population. Methods The clinical data of ESRD patient whose primary diagnosis was PKD in Peking Union Medical College Hospital were retrospectively collected from January 1993 to December 2015.PKD patients were divided into two groups according to dialysis modality,namely peritoneal dialysis group(PKD-PD)group and hemodialysis(PKD-HD)group...
August 20, 2017: Zhongguo Yi Xue Ke Xue Yuan Xue Bao. Acta Academiae Medicinae Sinicae
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28874131/a-chronic-hemodialysis-patient-with-isolated-pulmonary-valve-infective-endocarditis-caused-by-non-albicans-candida-a-rare-case-and-literature-review
#19
Chih-Hao Chang, Myo-Ming Huang, Dong-Feng Yeih, Kuo-Cheng Lu, Yi-Chou Hou
BACKGROUND: Isolated pulmonary valve infective endocarditis caused by Candida is rare in chronic hemodialysis patients. The 2009 Infectious Diseases Society of America guidelines suggest the combined use of surgery and antibiotics to treat candidiasis; however, successful nonsurgical treatment of Candida endocarditis has been reported. CASE PRESENTATION: A 63-year-old woman with end-stage kidney disease was admitted to our hospital after experiencing disorientation for 5 days...
September 6, 2017: BMC Nephrology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28873973/effect-of-renal-transcatheter-arterial-embolization-on-quality-of-life-in-patients-with-autosomal-dominant-polycystic-kidney-disease
#20
Tatsuya Suwabe, Yoshifumi Ubara, Akinari Sekine, Toshiharu Ueno, Masayuki Yamanouchi, Noriko Hayami, Junichi Hoshino, Masahiro Kawada, Rikako Hiramatsu, Eiko Hasegawa, Naoki Sawa, Kenmei Takaichi
Background: Currently, there are few strategies for improving the quality of life (QOL) in patients with autosomal dominant polycystic kidney disease (ADPKD) and massive kidneys. Renal transcatheter arterial embolization (TAE) reduces kidney volume, but its impact on QOL in ADPKD patients on hemodialysis is unknown. This study investigated the influence of renal TAE on QOL in ADPKD patients with massive kidneys receiving hemodialysis. Methods: This prospective observational study enrolled 188 ADPKD patients on hemodialysis (92 men and 96 women; mean age 56...
July 1, 2017: Nephrology, Dialysis, Transplantation
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