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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28748892/clinical-profile-of-geriatric-acute-kidney-injury-in-a-tertiary-care-center-from-south-india
#1
Eshwarappa Mahesh, Praveen Nallamuthu, Mahesh Kumar, Parampalli Rakesh Madhyastha, Gurudev Konanna
The incidence of acute kidney injury (AKI) is high in the elderly, who comprise an ever-growing segment of the population. Elderly patients pose a different set of diagnostic and therapeutic challenge owing to their associated comorbidities. AKI in the elderly is associated with an increased risk of mortality, morbidity, prolonged length of stay, and progression to chronic kidney disease. Data regarding the clinical profile of AKI in the elderly from the South Indian population are limited. Hence, we present this analysis of the etiological and prognostic factors associated with AKI in elderly population from South India...
July 2017: Saudi Journal of Kidney Diseases and Transplantation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28748889/spectrum-of-kidney-diseases-in-patients-presented-for-acute-hemodialysis-in-kasr-al-aini-school-of-medicine
#2
Khaled M Sadek, Bahaa M Zayed, Manal M Eldeeb, Dinna H Ahmed, Ahmed A Aly, Dawlat M Belal
Acute kidney injury (AKI) is common in hospitalized patients with mortality varying from 10% to 80%. It is crucial to know the incidence and etiology of AKI to promote prevention strategies. Our study aimed at obtaining a comprehensive review of the pattern and spectrum of patients who presented for emergency hemodialysis to Kasr Al-Aini Hospital between October 2012 and October 2014. We analyzed clinical and laboratory factors in all such patients. Two thousand twenty three patients were included of which patients with AKI were 728 patients (36%)...
July 2017: Saudi Journal of Kidney Diseases and Transplantation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28748883/epidemiology-and-outcome-of-tuberculosis-in-immunocompromised-patients
#3
Abdul Massiah Metry, Issa Al Salmi, Seif Al-Abri, Faisal Al Ismaili, Yaqoub Al Mahrouqi, Alan Hola, Faissal A M Shaheen
The United States Renal Data System showed 1.2% and 1.6% incidences of tuberculosis (TB) in patients on peritoneal dialysis and hemodialysis (HD), respectively. Kidney transplant (KTX) patients have higher rates. We studied the epidemiology and outcome of TB in patients with kidney dysfunction in a tertiary care hospital in the past decade. We examined data of patients with TB with and without kidney dysfunction from 2006 to 2015 through an electronic system. Statistical analysis was completed using Stata software, Chicago, IL, USA...
July 2017: Saudi Journal of Kidney Diseases and Transplantation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28748878/assessment-of-hepatic-fibrosis-by-fibroscan-in-egyptian-chronic-hemodialysis-patients-with-chronic-hepatitis-c-genotype-4-a-single-center-study
#4
Bahaa El-Din Moustafa Zayed, Aisha Elsharkawy, Mahmoud Abdou, Dina Sabry Abd Al Fatah, Tarek Hussein El-Shabony
Assessing hepatic fibrosis in hemodialysis patients with chronic hepatitis C (CHC) can help to evaluate the long-term prognosis, complications of hepatitis C virus (HCV) as well as eligibility for renal transplantation,. Our aim was to assess liver fibrosis in Egyptian hemodialysis (HD) patients infected with CHC genotype 4 using a fibroscan. This cross-sectional observational study was conducted over two years on a cohort of 134 Egyptian patients on prevalent HD at Kasr Al Ainy Hospital. All patients were subjected to routine laboratory evaluation including, hepatitis B surface antigen, hepatitis B core antibody, hepatitis Be antigen, hepatitis C antibody (HCVAb) and human immunodeficiency virus antibody, quantitative polymerase chain reaction (PCR) for both HCV and hepatitis B virus (HBV), serum hyaluronic acid level, and alpha-fetoprotein (AFP)...
July 2017: Saudi Journal of Kidney Diseases and Transplantation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28748876/end-stage-renal-disease-in-patients-with-sickle-cell-disease
#5
Ahmed M Alkhunaizi, Adil A Al-Khatti, Samir H Al-Mueilo, Abdulrazack Amir, Bedri Yousif
Sickle cell nephropathy is a severe complication of sickle cell disease (SCD) that has a wide range of manifestations, from asymptomatic microalbuminuria to end-stage renal disease (ESRD). The data on patients with SCD who develop ESRD are scarce. The aim of this study was to explore the course of patients with SCD who developed ESRD and received renal replacement therapy (RRT). The course of patients with SCD who developed ESRD and started dialysis at two centers in the Eastern Province of Saudi Arabia was retrospectively analyzed...
July 2017: Saudi Journal of Kidney Diseases and Transplantation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28748088/modeling-risk-for-developing-drug-resistant-bacterial-infections-in-an-mdr-naive-critically-ill-population
#6
Rajiv Sonti, Megan E Conroy, Elena M Welt, Yi Hu, George Luta, Daniel B Jamieson
PURPOSE: To create a model predictive of an individual's risk of developing a de novo multidrug-resistant (MDR) infection while in the intensive care unit (ICU). METHODS: This is a case-control study in which 189 ICU patients diagnosed with their first infection with an MDR organism were compared on the basis of demographic, past medical and clinical variables to randomly selected ICU patients without such an infection, era-matched in a 2:1 ratio. A prediction tool was derived using multivariate logistic regression...
July 2017: Therapeutic Advances in Infectious Disease
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28743343/-effects-of-multimodal-combination-dialysis-on-klotho-protein-fgf-23-and-bnp-in-patients-with-maintenance-hemodialysis
#7
Xiaofeng Deng, Qing Dai, Li Wan, Ling Tang, Yue Shu, Hengfen Xiao, Yuanyuan Bi, Hongfen Yang
OBJECTIVE: To discuss the effects of multimodal combination dialysis on Klotho protein, fibroblast growth factor-23 (FGF-23) and brain natriuretic peptide (BNP) in patients with maintenance hemodialysis (MHD). METHODS: A randomized controlled trial (RCT) was conducted. 120 patients who was diagnosed with chronic renal failure (CRF) uremia receiving MHD over 3 months admitted to Blood Purification Centre of Department of Nephrology of the Second People's Hospital of Guiyang from December 2015 to December 2016 were enrolled, who were randomly divided into hemodialysis (HD) group (HD for 8 times a month), HD + hemofiltration (HF) group (HD for 8 times a month + HF once a month), and HD + HF + hemoperfusion (HP) group (HD for 8 times a month + HF for 4 times a month + HP once a month), with 40 patients in each group...
July 2017: Zhonghua Wei Zhong Bing Ji Jiu Yi Xue
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28742229/association-between-obesity-with-low-muscle-mass-and-dialysis-mortality
#8
Hung-Chieh Wu, Shih-Fen Tseng, Wei-Jie Wang, Hsin-Jen Chen, Lin-Chien Lee
AIMS: This study examines the association between body composition and dialysis mortality. METHODS: Adult patients who initiated hemodialysis in Taoyuan General Hospital from 2012 to 2016 were enrolled. We reviewed baseline characteristics and followed over 5 years after dialysis. Patients with body mass index > 25 Kg/m(2) were defined as obesity. High or low muscle mass were classified by skeletal muscle mass index (SMMI) based on consensus from Chinese population...
July 25, 2017: Internal Medicine Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28740416/determinants-and-prevalence-of-depression-in-patients-with-chronic-renal-disease-and-their-caregivers
#9
Sana Hawamdeh, Aljawharah Mohammed Almari, Asrar Salem Almutairi, Wireen Leila T Dator
INTRODUCTION: This study explored the prevalence of depression among the patients with chronic kidney disease and their caregivers and its association to their demographic profile. METHODS: A descriptive, correlational, cross-sectional study that used the Hamilton rating scale tool to assess the prevalence of depression among 226 patients undergoing hemodialysis and 105 of their caregivers in a hospital in Saudi Arabia. RESULTS: Patients with chronic renal disease and their caregivers experience depression at varying levels...
2017: International Journal of Nephrology and Renovascular Disease
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28739573/quality-assurance-audit-of-technique-failure-and-90-day-mortality-after-program-discharge-in-a-canadian-home-hemodialysis-program
#10
Nikhil Shah, Frances Reintjes, Mark Courtney, Scott W Klarenbach, Feng Ye, Kara Schick-Makaroff, Kailash Jindal, Robert P Pauly
BACKGROUND AND OBJECTIVES: Little is known about patients exiting home hemodialysis. We sought to characterize the reasons, clinical characteristics, and pre-exit health care team interactions of patients on home hemodialysis who died or underwent modality conversion (negative disposition) compared with prevalent patients and those who were transplanted (positive disposition). DESIGN, SETTING, PARTICIPANTS, & MEASUREMENTS: We conducted an audit of all consecutive patients incident to home hemodialysis from January of 2010 to December of 2014 as part of ongoing quality assurance...
July 24, 2017: Clinical Journal of the American Society of Nephrology: CJASN
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28736559/levocarnitine-injections-decrease-the-need-for-erythropoiesis-stimulating-agents-in-hemodialysis-patients-with-renal-anemia
#11
Takashi Maruyama, Terumi Higuchi, Toshio Yamazaki, Erina Okawa, Hideyuki Ando, Osamu Oikawa, Atsushi Inoshita, Kazuyoshi Okada, Masanori Abe
AIMS: The aim of this study was to evaluate the efficacy of levocarnitine injection for renal anemia in hemodialysis patients. METHODS: In this randomized controlled clinical trial, we randomly assigned patients on maintenance hemodialysis at our hospital to receive levocarnitine injections (n = 30) or no injection (n = 30) and monitored the patients during 12 months of treatment. In the treatment group, patients received an injection of levocarnitine 1,000 mg 3 times weekly after hemodialysis sessions...
June 2017: Cardiorenal Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28736003/kidney-graft-salvage-strategies-for-vascular-complications-during-kidney-transplantation-a-single-center-experience
#12
P Horvath, I Capobianco, J Rolinger, A Königsrainer, S Nadalin, I Königsrainer
BACKGROUND: Kidney-related unknown vascular injuries are rare and usually diagnosed only after reperfusion. Hemorrhage that makes in situ reconstruction impossible can lead to graft loss. In an era of organ shortage and an increasing number of patients on the waiting list for transplantation, a kidney graft salvage procedure consisting of graft nephrectomy, reperfusion, reconstruction, and reimplantation should be undertaken whenever possible as a contribution to extending the organs available for transplantation...
July 2017: Transplantation Proceedings
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28730555/intermittent-versus-continuous-renal-replacement-therapy-in-acute-methanol-poisoning-comparison-of-clinical-effectiveness-in-mass-poisoning-outbreaks
#13
Sergey Zakharov, Jan Rulisek, Olga Nurieva, Katerina Kotikova, Tomas Navratil, Martin Komarc, Daniela Pelclova, Knut Erik Hovda
BACKGROUND: Intermittent hemodialysis (IHD) is the modality of choice in the extracorporeal treatment (ECTR) of acute methanol poisoning. However, the comparative clinical effectiveness of intermittent versus continuous modalities (CRRT) is unknown. During an outbreak of mass methanol poisoning, we therefore studied the effect of IHD versus CRRT on mortality and the prevalence of visual/central nervous system (CNS) sequelae in survivors. METHODS: The study was designed as prospective observational cohort study...
December 2017: Annals of Intensive Care
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28728576/beneficial-effect-of-kidney-transplantation-from-a-deceased-donor-on-severe-chronic-refractory-intradialytic-hypotension-a-case-report
#14
Ewa Ignacak, Dominik Cieniawski, Alina Bętkowska-Prokop, Czesław Osuch, Marek Kuźniewski, Władysław Sułowicz
BACKGROUND: Chronic refractory hypotension (IDH, intradialytic hypotension) is a rare but serious problem encountered in patients on hemodialysis. Patients with chronic hypotension are often disqualified by transplant teams from renal transplantation. This is due to the possibility of an enormous risk of ischemic complications. CASE PRESENTATION: We describe a 44-year old female patient with severe refractory hypotension (mean BP 60/30 mmHg, the lowest 48/28 mmHg), which appeared after bilateral laparoscopic nephrectomy of the infected kidneys...
July 20, 2017: BMC Nephrology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28726529/factors-associated-with-the-elevated-percentage-of-cd4cd69-t-cells-in-maintained-hemodialysis-patients
#15
Rongyi Chen, Fangfang Xiang, Jiachang Hu, Xuesen Cao, Xiao Tan, Ping Jia, Ting Zhang, Nana Song, Yi Fang, Xiaoqiang Ding, Jianzhou Zou
BACKGROUND: CD4 T-cell abnormality, influencing the outcome of the maintained hemodialysis (MHD), is common in patients on dialysis. We try to find out factors associated with the activated CD4 T cells, CD4CD69 T cells, to improve the dialysis quality. METHODS: A cross-sectional study was conducted to evaluate the change of CD4CD69 in MHD patients and healthy controls in our hospital from September 2015 to May 2016. A total of 164 MHD patients and 24 healthy controls were included according to the criteria...
November 2017: Renal Failure
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28725317/prevalence-of-metabolic-syndrome-among-the-end-stage-renal-disease-patients-on-hemodialysis
#16
Khaled A Alswat, Awwadh Althobaiti, Khulod Alsaadi, Amaal Saeed Alkhaldi, Maryam Mutlaq Alharthi, Walaa Abduraheem Abuharba, Ahmed A Alzaidi
BACKGROUND: Patients with metabolic syndrome (MetS) have a 2.6-fold greater risk of incident chronic kidney disease (CKD). The primary goal of this study was to assess the prevalence of MetS in patients with end-stage renal disease (ESRD) who are on hemodialysis (HD) and the impact of MetS presence on HD-related outcomes. METHODS: This is a cross-sectional study conducted in the Dialysis Center, King Abdulaziz Specialist Hospital, Taif, Saudi Arabia. It was conducted among ESRD patients that attended the Dialysis Center between August 2013 and September 2016...
August 2017: Journal of Clinical Medicine Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28710090/the-clinical-and-economic-effect-of-vascular-access-selection-in-patients-initiating-hemodialysis-with-a-catheter
#17
Alian Al-Balas, Timmy Lee, Carlton J Young, Jeffrey A Kepes, Jill Barker-Finkel, Michael Allon
Patients in the United States frequently initiate hemodialysis with a central venous catheter (CVC) and subsequently undergo placement of a new arteriovenous fistula (AVF) or arteriovenous graft (AVG). Little is known about the clinical and economic effects of initial vascular access choice. We identified 479 patients starting hemodialysis with a CVC at a large medical center (during 2004-2012) who subsequently had an AVF (n=295) or AVG (n=105) placed or no arteriovenous access (CVC group, n=71). Compared with patients receiving an AVG, those receiving an AVF had more frequent surgical access procedures per year (1...
July 14, 2017: Journal of the American Society of Nephrology: JASN
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28709435/erratum-to-impact-of-metabolic-syndrome-and-its-components-on-heart-rate-variability-during-hemodialysis-a-cross-sectional-study
#18
Yu-Ming Chang, Chih-Chung Shiao, Ya-Ting Huang, I-Ling Chen, Chuan-Lan Yang, Show-Chin Leu, Hung-Li Su, Jsun-Liang Kao, Shih-Ching Tsai, Rong-Na Jhen, Ching-Cherng Uen
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
July 14, 2017: Cardiovascular Diabetology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28707773/sudden-onset-of-pheochromocytoma-multisystem-crisis-at-38%C3%A2-weeks-of-gestation-resulted-in-intrauterine-fetal-death-a-case-report
#19
Jun Iwase, Michiko Yamanaka
A 24-year-old woman at 38 weeks of gestation with no past medical history was transferred to our hospital because of acute onset of severe dyspnea. Her conscious level was E4V2M5 on the Glasgow Coma Scale and she displayed stress cardiomyopathy (Takotsubo cardiomyopathy) with multiple organ failure. Intrauterine fetal death was confirmed. After immediate application of intubated ventilation, percutaneous cardiopulmonary support and hemodialysis, she was diagnosed with pheochromocytoma multisystem crisis. After multidisciplinary team discussion, surgical resection of the left pheochromocytoma was performed on the same day...
July 14, 2017: Journal of Obstetrics and Gynaecology Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28706447/treatment-patterns-resource-utilization-and-outcomes-among-hospitalized-patients-with-methicillin-resistant-staphylococcus-aureus-complicated-skin-and-soft-tissue-infections-in-lebanon-and-saudi-arabia
#20
Madonna J Matar, Rima Moghnieh, Adel F Alothman, Abdulhakeem O Althaqafi, Thamer H Alenazi, Fayssal M Farahat, Shelby Corman, Caitlyn T Solem, Nirvana Raghubir, Cynthia Macahilig, Seema Haider, Jennifer M Stephens
OBJECTIVES: To describe treatment patterns and medical resource use for methicillin-resistant Staphylococcus aureus (MRSA) complicated skin and soft tissue infections (cSSTI) in Saudi Arabia and Lebanon in terms of drug selection against the infecting pathogen as well as hospital resource utilization and clinical outcomes among patients with these infections. METHODS: This retrospective chart review study evaluated 2011-2012 data from five hospitals in Saudi Arabia and Lebanon...
2017: Infection and Drug Resistance
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