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Medical student burnout

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28206843/development-of-a-new-scale-to-measure-ambiguity-tolerance-in-veterinary-students
#1
Jennifer A Hammond, Jason Hancock, Margaret S Martin, Susan Jamieson, Dominic J Mellor
The ability to cope with ambiguity and feelings of uncertainty is an essential part of professional practice. Research with physicians has identified that intolerance of ambiguity or uncertainty is linked to stress, and some authors have hypothesized that there could be an association between intolerance of ambiguity and burnout. We describe the adaptation of the TAMSAD (Tolerance of Ambiguity in Medical Students and Doctors) scale for use with veterinary students. Exploratory factor analysis supports a uni-dimensional structure for the Ambiguity tolerance construct...
2017: Journal of Veterinary Medical Education
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28128809/-psychopathology-screening-in-medical-school-students
#2
Jesús Francisco Galván-Molina, María E Jiménez-Capdeville, José María Hernández-Mata, José Ramón Arellano-Cano
OBJECTIVE: Screening of psychopathology and associated factors in medical students employing an electronic self-report survey. METHOD: A transversal, observational, and comparative study that consisted of the following instruments: Sociodemographic survey; 2. Adult Self-Report Scale-V1 (ASRS); State-Trait Anxiety Inventory (STAI); Zung and Conde Self-Rating Depression Scale, Almonte-Herskovic Sexual Orientation Self-Report; Plutchik Suicide Risk Scale; Alcohol Use Disorders Identification Test Identification (AUDIT); Fagerström Test for Nicotine Dependence; 9...
January 2017: Gaceta Médica de México
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28103729/strategies-to-promote-resilience-empathy-and-well-being-in-the-health-professions-insights-from-the-2015-centile-conference
#3
Aviad Haramati, Sian Cotton, Jamie S Padmore, Hedy S Wald, Peggy A Weissinger
The high prevalence of physician burnout is of great concern and may begin with observed declines in empathy and increases in stress and burnout in medical and health professions students. While underlying causes have been described, there is less certainty on how to create effective interventions in curricula and workplace. In October 2015, The Center for Innovation and Leadership in Education (CENTILE) at Georgetown University, together with MedStar Health, Georgetown's clinical partner, and six academic institutions sponsored a conference in Washington, DC...
January 20, 2017: Medical Teacher
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28030419/healthy-exercise-habits-are-associated-with-lower-risk-of-burnout-and-higher-quality-of-life-among-u-s-medical-students
#4
Liselotte N Dyrbye, Daniel Satele, Tait D Shanafelt
PURPOSE: Although burnout and low quality of life (QOL) are common among medical students, little remains known about personal fitness habits of medical students that may promote well-being. METHOD: In 2012 the authors conducted a cross-sectional study of U.S. medical students to explore relationships between burnout, QOL, and compliance with Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC) exercise recommendations. Wilcoxon-Mann-Whitney tests, Fisher exact tests, and multivariate logistic regression were performed...
December 27, 2016: Academic Medicine: Journal of the Association of American Medical Colleges
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27997222/empathy-in-medical-students-is-moderated-by-openness-to-spirituality
#5
Rodolfo F Damiano, Lisabeth F DiLalla, Giancarlo Lucchetti, J Kevin Dorsey
THEORY: Empathy is one component of medical student education that may be important to nurture, but there are many potential psychological barriers to empathy, such as student depression, burnout, and low quality of life or wellness behaviors. However, few studies have addressed how positive behaviors such as wellness and spirituality, in combination with these barriers, might affect empathy. HYPOTHESES: We hypothesized a negative relationship between psychological distress and empathy, and a positive relationship between empathy and wellness behaviors...
December 20, 2016: Teaching and Learning in Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27957671/medical-student-resilience-strategies-a%C3%A2-content-analysis-of-medical-students-portfolios
#6
Richard A Prayson, S Beth Bierer, Elaine F Dannefer
INTRODUCTION: Stress and burnout among medical students is a well-recognized concern. A student's ability to employ resilience strategies to self-regulate behaviour is critical to the student's future career as a physician. METHODS: We retrospectively reviewed a sampling of year 1, 2 and 5 portfolio essays focused on the Personal Development competency and performance milestones, written by 49 students from three different classes in a 5-year programme devoted to training physician investigators...
February 2017: Perspectives on Medical Education
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27942029/predictors-of-participation-of-sophomore-medical-students-in-a-health-promoting-intervention-an-observational-study
#7
Thomas Kötter, Johanna Ritter, Alexander Katalinic, Edgar Voltmer
Medical students and doctors have to be particularly stress-resilient, as both medical education and practice are considered very stressful. Specific stressors can lead to increased risks of developing, for example, depression, anxiety and burnout. Relaxation techniques have proven to be effective for the prevention of these outcomes in student populations. However, only a very few medical students practice relaxation techniques regularly early on in their studies. Furthermore, it is unclear which students make use of stress-management offers and hence whether vulnerable students are generally reachable...
2016: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27940771/the-aap-resilience-in-the-face-of-grief-and-loss-curriculum
#8
Janet R Serwint, Susan Bostwick, Ann E Burke, Annamaria Church, Albina Gogo, Dena Hofkosh, Marta King, Jennifer Linebarger, Megan E McCabe, Margaret Moon, Amanda Osta, Deborah T Rana, O J Sahler, Keely Smith, Florence Rivera, Constance Baldwin
A career in pediatrics can bring great joy and satisfaction. It can also be challenging and lead some providers to manifest burnout and depression. A curriculum designed to help pediatric health providers acquire resilience and adaptive skills may be a key element in transforming times of anxiety and grief into rewarding professional experiences. The need for this curriculum was identified by the American Academy of Pediatrics Section on Medical Students, Residents and Fellowship Trainees. A working group of educators developed this curriculum to address the professional attitudes, knowledge, and skills essential to thrive despite the many stressors inevitable in clinical care...
November 2016: Pediatrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27934556/room-for-improvement-palliating-the-ego-in-feedback-resistant-medical-students
#9
Andrew Perrella
Feedback in medical education provides the impetus for growth in a field pressured to demonstrate continuous progress. Unfortunately, as it always incorporates some level of judgment, certain students appear more resistant than receptive to receiving feedback. Coupled with the ubiquitous stressors of medicine-examinations, perpetual knowledge acquisition, competition for employment-there subtly emerges a learning environment in which the mindset of medical trainees morphs from collegiality to outperformance of one's peers...
December 9, 2016: Medical Teacher
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27926808/evaluation-of-communication-and-acceptance-of-the-patients-by-medical-personnel
#10
Anna Włoszczak-Szubzda, Mirosław J Jarosz, Mariusz Goniewicz, Krzysztof Goniewicz
Background: The low level of patient satisfaction recorded in many studies and, at the same time, the level of frustration and burnout, disclosed by medics in the perception of the patient as a ‘problem’, incline to look for the causes of inadequate relationship between physician and patient. Objective: The aim of this study was to evaluate the level of acceptance of the patient by the medical personnel. The research problem was the acceptance level which was within the range of the communication skills of the nurses and doctors...
2016: Roczniki Państwowego Zakładu Higieny
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27896846/international-study-of-medical-school-learning-environments-and-their-relationship-with-student-well-being-and-empathy
#11
Sean Tackett, Scott Wright, Robert Lubin, Jianing Li, Hui Pan
OBJECTIVE: To assess whether favourable perceptions of the learning environment (LE) were associated with better quality of life, less burnout and more empathy across three undergraduate medical education programmes in Israel, Malaysia and China. METHODS: Cross-sectional surveys were administered at the end of the 2013-2014 academic year at three medical schools: Technion American Medical Students Program (TAMS) in Israel, Perdana University-Royal College of Surgeons in Ireland School of Medicine (PURCSI) in Malaysia and Peking Union Medical College (PUMC) in China...
November 29, 2016: Medical Education
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27868176/-mindfulness-training-for-psychiatrists-in-residency-a-pilot-study
#12
H J R Hoenders, S H Booij, H Knegtering, H van den Brink
Medical students and psychiatrists in residency run a high risk for burnout. Furthermore, while at medical school, students seem to experience a reduction in empathy; this seems to be linked to a high level of stress. Interventions based on mindfulness training appear to reduce stress and increase empathy in medical students. Trainees in psychiatric residency might also benefit from mindfulness training.<br/> AIM: To assess the effects that a mindfulness course has on perceived stress and empathy in psychiatrists in residency...
2016: Tijdschrift Voor Psychiatrie
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27803209/validation-of-the-maslach-burnout-inventory-human-services-survey-for-estimating-burnout-in-dental-students
#13
José María Montiel-Company, Cristian Subirats-Roig, Pau Flores-Martí, Carlos Bellot-Arcís, José Manuel Almerich-Silla
The aim of this study was to examine the validity and reliability of the Maslach Burnout Inventory-Human Services Survey (MBI-HSS) as a tool for assessing the prevalence and level of burnout in dental students in Spanish universities. The survey was adapted from English to Spanish. A sample of 533 dental students from 15 Spanish universities and a control group of 188 medical students self-administered the survey online, using the Google Drive service. The test-retest reliability or reproducibility showed an Intraclass Correlation Coefficient of 0...
November 2016: Journal of Dental Education
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27802178/impostor-syndrome-and-burnout-among-american-medical-students-a-pilot-study
#14
Jennifer A Villwock, Lindsay B Sobin, Lindsey A Koester, Tucker M Harris
Objectives: To describe levels of burnout and impostor syndrome (IS) in medical students, and to recognize demographic differences in those experiencing burnout and IS. Methods: Anonymous survey administered online in 2014 that included demographic data, the Maslach Burnout Inventory and an IS screening questionnaire. Main outcome measures were level of burnout, and presence or absence of imposter syndrome. The presence of IS and burnout components were analyzed across age, gender, race, year of training, intention to pursue fellowship training, and greater than one year of work experience outside of medicine using chi-squared tests...
31, 2016: International Journal of Medical Education
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27771033/factors-associated-with-burnout-among-french-digestive-surgeons-in-training-results-of-a-national-survey-on-328-residents-and-fellows
#15
Rachid Chati, Emmanuel Huet, Lucie Grimberg, Lilian Schwarz, Jean-Jacques Tuech, Valérie Bridoux M D Ph D
BACKGROUND: Digestive surgery training is notoriously difficult and medical students choose this path less and less often leading to a veritable demographic crisis for this specialty in France. The aim of this study was to evaluate the working conditions to measure the prevalence of burnout syndrome (BOS) and to identify potential risk factors to implement preventive measures and appropriate support. METHODS: This was a multicenter, cross-sectional study. An anonymous questionnaire was sent by e-mail to 500 French digestive surgeons in training (residents and fellows)...
August 31, 2016: American Journal of Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27695226/longitudinal-assessment-of-depression-stress-and-burnout-in-medical-students
#16
Akhil D Goel, Sulbha V Akarte, Sumita P Agrawal, Vikas Yadav
BACKGROUND: Medical students can and do suffer from mental disorders is a concept yet to get wide acceptance. There are few studies comprehensively evaluating depression, stress, and burnout in medical students, especially in a longitudinal way in India. The current study aims to assess the impact of medical education on the development of psychological morbidities and the role of personality. MATERIALS AND METHODS: First-year medical students of a leading medical college of India were enrolled on admission and given anonymized, validated, self-administered questionnaires assessing depression, stress, burnout, and personality...
October 2016: Journal of Neurosciences in Rural Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27692469/interventions-to-prevent-and-reduce-physician-burnout-a-systematic-review-and-meta-analysis
#17
Colin P West, Liselotte N Dyrbye, Patricia J Erwin, Tait D Shanafelt
BACKGROUND: Physician burnout has reached epidemic levels, as documented in national studies of both physicians in training and practising physicians. The consequences are negative effects on patient care, professionalism, physicians' own care and safety, and the viability of health-care systems. A more complete understanding than at present of the quality and outcomes of the literature on approaches to prevent and reduce burnout is necessary. METHODS: In this systematic review and meta-analysis, we searched MEDLINE, Embase, PsycINFO, Scopus, Web of Science, and the Education Resources Information Center from inception to Jan 15, 2016, for studies of interventions to prevent and reduce physician burnout, including single-arm pre-post comparison studies...
November 5, 2016: Lancet
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27669070/using-patient-perspective-sessions-to-increase-empathy-and-recall-in-preclinical-medical-students
#18
Tami Hendriksz
CONTEXT: At the author's institution, patient perspective sessions were added to the preclinical curricula, in which actual patients present their medical stories and experiences to large groups of first- and second-year medical students. This curricular approach was designed to help address concerns about limited patient interaction during these years, which could lead to empathy erosion, academic burnout, and poor memory retention. OBJECTIVE: To determine whether patient perspective sessions conducted in the first and second years of medical school had an effect on students' empathy toward patients and perceived retention of material...
October 1, 2016: Journal of the American Osteopathic Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27549217/training-demands-on-clerk-burnout-determining-whether-achievement-goal-motivation-orientations-matter
#19
Chia-Der Lin, Blossom Yen-Ju Lin
BACKGROUND: In the education field, learning experiences are considered learners' properties and are viewed as a key determinant in explaining learners' learning processes, especially for training novices such as clerks with varying levels of commitment to the medical profession. This study explored whether clerks' achievement goal motivation orientations might buffer the negative well-being to a certain extent, considering their training demands during clinical training. METHODS: Ninety-four clerks at a tertiary medical center were longitudinally traced during their 2-year clerkship spanning from September 2013 to April 2015...
August 22, 2016: BMC Medical Education
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27466977/project-on-the-good-physician-a-proposal-for-a-moral-intuitionist-model-of-virtuous-caring
#20
G Michael Leffel, Ross A Oakes Mueller, Sandra A Ham, Farr A Curlin, John D Yoon
THEORY: In the Project on the Good Physician, the authors endeavor to advance medical character education by proposing and testing a moral intuitionist model of virtuous caring that may be applicable to physician training. This model proposes that the moral intuition to care/harm motivates students to extend care to those in need. HYPOTHESES: Hypothesis 1: Medical students will report stronger preferences for the intuition to Care/harm over other moral intuitions in clinical decision making...
July 28, 2016: Teaching and Learning in Medicine
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