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Medical student burnout

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27896846/international-study-of-medical-school-learning-environments-and-their-relationship-with-student-well-being-and-empathy
#1
Sean Tackett, Scott Wright, Robert Lubin, Jianing Li, Hui Pan
OBJECTIVE: To assess whether favourable perceptions of the learning environment (LE) were associated with better quality of life, less burnout and more empathy across three undergraduate medical education programmes in Israel, Malaysia and China. METHODS: Cross-sectional surveys were administered at the end of the 2013-2014 academic year at three medical schools: Technion American Medical Students Program (TAMS) in Israel, Perdana University-Royal College of Surgeons in Ireland School of Medicine (PURCSI) in Malaysia and Peking Union Medical College (PUMC) in China...
November 29, 2016: Medical Education
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27868176/-mindfulness-training-for-psychiatrists-in-residency-a-pilot-study
#2
H J R Hoenders, S H Booij, H Knegtering, H van den Brink
Medical students and psychiatrists in residency run a high risk for burnout. Furthermore, while at medical school, students seem to experience a reduction in empathy; this seems to be linked to a high level of stress. Interventions based on mindfulness training appear to reduce stress and increase empathy in medical students. Trainees in psychiatric residency might also benefit from mindfulness training.<br/> AIM: To assess the effects that a mindfulness course has on perceived stress and empathy in psychiatrists in residency...
2016: Tijdschrift Voor Psychiatrie
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27803209/validation-of-the-maslach-burnout-inventory-human-services-survey-for-estimating-burnout-in-dental-students
#3
José María Montiel-Company, Cristian Subirats-Roig, Pau Flores-Martí, Carlos Bellot-Arcís, José Manuel Almerich-Silla
The aim of this study was to examine the validity and reliability of the Maslach Burnout Inventory-Human Services Survey (MBI-HSS) as a tool for assessing the prevalence and level of burnout in dental students in Spanish universities. The survey was adapted from English to Spanish. A sample of 533 dental students from 15 Spanish universities and a control group of 188 medical students self-administered the survey online, using the Google Drive service. The test-retest reliability or reproducibility showed an Intraclass Correlation Coefficient of 0...
November 2016: Journal of Dental Education
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27802178/impostor-syndrome-and-burnout-among-american-medical-students-a-pilot-study
#4
Jennifer A Villwock, Lindsay B Sobin, Lindsey A Koester, Tucker M Harris
Objectives: To describe levels of burnout and impostor syndrome (IS) in medical students, and to recognize demographic differences in those experiencing burnout and IS. Methods: Research participants included 2,612 medical students who entered Jefferson Medical College between 2002 and 2012. This sample was divided into two groups: Matriculants between 2002 and 2007 (n=1,380) and between 2008 and 2012 (n=1,232). Data for 2002-2007 matriculants were subjected to EFA (principal component factor extraction), and data for matriculants of 2008-2012 were used for CFA (structural equation modeling, and root mean square error for approximation)...
October 31, 2016: International Journal of Medical Education
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27771033/factors-associated-with-burnout-among-french-digestive-surgeons-in-training-results-of-a-national-survey-on-328-residents-and-fellows
#5
Rachid Chati, Emmanuel Huet, Lucie Grimberg, Lilian Schwarz, Jean-Jacques Tuech, Valérie Bridoux M D Ph D
BACKGROUND: Digestive surgery training is notoriously difficult and medical students choose this path less and less often leading to a veritable demographic crisis for this specialty in France. The aim of this study was to evaluate the working conditions to measure the prevalence of burnout syndrome (BOS) and to identify potential risk factors to implement preventive measures and appropriate support. METHODS: This was a multicenter, cross-sectional study. An anonymous questionnaire was sent by e-mail to 500 French digestive surgeons in training (residents and fellows)...
August 31, 2016: American Journal of Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27695226/longitudinal-assessment-of-depression-stress-and-burnout-in-medical-students
#6
Akhil D Goel, Sulbha V Akarte, Sumita P Agrawal, Vikas Yadav
BACKGROUND: Medical students can and do suffer from mental disorders is a concept yet to get wide acceptance. There are few studies comprehensively evaluating depression, stress, and burnout in medical students, especially in a longitudinal way in India. The current study aims to assess the impact of medical education on the development of psychological morbidities and the role of personality. MATERIALS AND METHODS: First-year medical students of a leading medical college of India were enrolled on admission and given anonymized, validated, self-administered questionnaires assessing depression, stress, burnout, and personality...
October 2016: Journal of Neurosciences in Rural Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27692469/interventions-to-prevent-and-reduce-physician-burnout-a-systematic-review-and-meta-analysis
#7
Colin P West, Liselotte N Dyrbye, Patricia J Erwin, Tait D Shanafelt
BACKGROUND: Physician burnout has reached epidemic levels, as documented in national studies of both physicians in training and practising physicians. The consequences are negative effects on patient care, professionalism, physicians' own care and safety, and the viability of health-care systems. A more complete understanding than at present of the quality and outcomes of the literature on approaches to prevent and reduce burnout is necessary. METHODS: In this systematic review and meta-analysis, we searched MEDLINE, Embase, PsycINFO, Scopus, Web of Science, and the Education Resources Information Center from inception to Jan 15, 2016, for studies of interventions to prevent and reduce physician burnout, including single-arm pre-post comparison studies...
November 5, 2016: Lancet
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27669070/using-patient-perspective-sessions-to-increase-empathy-and-recall-in-preclinical-medical-students
#8
Tami Hendriksz
CONTEXT: At the author's institution, patient perspective sessions were added to the preclinical curricula, in which actual patients present their medical stories and experiences to large groups of first- and second-year medical students. This curricular approach was designed to help address concerns about limited patient interaction during these years, which could lead to empathy erosion, academic burnout, and poor memory retention. OBJECTIVE: To determine whether patient perspective sessions conducted in the first and second years of medical school had an effect on students' empathy toward patients and perceived retention of material...
October 1, 2016: Journal of the American Osteopathic Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27549217/training-demands-on-clerk-burnout-determining-whether-achievement-goal-motivation-orientations-matter
#9
Chia-Der Lin, Blossom Yen-Ju Lin
BACKGROUND: In the education field, learning experiences are considered learners' properties and are viewed as a key determinant in explaining learners' learning processes, especially for training novices such as clerks with varying levels of commitment to the medical profession. This study explored whether clerks' achievement goal motivation orientations might buffer the negative well-being to a certain extent, considering their training demands during clinical training. METHODS: Ninety-four clerks at a tertiary medical center were longitudinally traced during their 2-year clerkship spanning from September 2013 to April 2015...
2016: BMC Medical Education
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27466977/project-on-the-good-physician-a-proposal-for-a-moral-intuitionist-model-of-virtuous-caring
#10
G Michael Leffel, Ross A Oakes Mueller, Sandra A Ham, Farr A Curlin, John D Yoon
THEORY: In the Project on the Good Physician, the authors endeavor to advance medical character education by proposing and testing a moral intuitionist model of virtuous caring that may be applicable to physician training. This model proposes that the moral intuition to care/harm motivates students to extend care to those in need. HYPOTHESES: Hypothesis 1: Medical students will report stronger preferences for the intuition to Care/harm over other moral intuitions in clinical decision making...
July 28, 2016: Teaching and Learning in Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27444777/the-coping-strategies-during-medical-education-predict-style-of-success-in-medical-career-a-10-year-longitudinal-study
#11
Małgorzata Tartas, Maciej Walkiewicz, Waldemar Budziński, Mikołaj Majkowicz, Krzysztof Wójcikiewicz, Agata Zdun-Ryżewska
BACKGROUND: The stress associated with the physician's work is generally acknowledged and is related to well-being and life satisfaction. The presented study was designed to extract the role of coping strategies in identifying differentiated styles of success in a medical career during medical education. METHODS: The participants were examined when they applied to medical school and each subsequent academic year. The final study took place four years after graduation...
2016: BMC Medical Education
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27430960/career-motivation-and-burnout-among-medical-students-in-hungary-could-altruism-be-a-protection-factor
#12
Zsuzsa Győrffy, Emma Birkás, Imola Sándor
BACKGROUND: Burnout is a major issue among medical students. Its general characteristics are loss of interest in study and lack of motivation. A study of the phenomenon must extend beyond the university environment and personality factors to consider whether career choice has a role in the occurrence of burnout. METHODS: Quantitative, national survey (n = 733) among medical students, using a 12-item career motivation list compiled from published research results and a pilot study...
2016: BMC Medical Education
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27429665/medical-and-psychology-student-s-experiences-in-learning-mindfulness-benefits-paradoxes-and-pitfalls
#13
Ida Solhaug, Thor E Eriksen, Michael de Vibe, Hanne Haavind, Oddgeir Friborg, Tore Sørlie, Jan H Rosenvinge
Mindfulness has attracted increased interest in the field of health professionals' education due to its proposed double benefit of providing self-help strategies to counter stress and burnout symptoms and cultivating attitudes central to the role of professional helpers. The current study explored the experiential aspects of learning mindfulness. Specifically, we explored how first-year medical and psychology students experienced and conceptualized mindfulness upon completion of a 7-week mindfulness-based stress reduction program...
2016: Mindfulness
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27410167/quality-of-life-and-burnout-rates-across-surgical-specialties-a-systematic-review
#14
Marisa Pulcrano, Stephen R T Evans, Michael Sosin
Importance: Establishing strategies to minimize the burden of burnout and poor quality of life (QOL) on surgeons relies on a thorough understanding of QOL and burnout among the various surgical specialties. Objectives: To systematically review the literature across multiple surgical specialties and provide a comprehensive understanding of QOL and burnout among all surgeons, to delineate variation in rates of burnout and poor QOL, and to elucidate factors that are commonly implicated in these outcomes...
July 13, 2016: JAMA Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27399051/psychological-stress-and-burnout-among-medical-students-at-the-university-of-the-west-indies
#15
P M Lashley, M H Campbell, M K Emmanuel
Objectives: This study aims to determine the prevalence of burnout in medical students across all five years, and to investigate factors that might contribute to and protect from its effects. Method: The design uses a cross-sectional, self-administered survey of medical students at The University of the West Indies-Cave Hill, and consisted of a modified Maslach Burnout Inventory-Human Services Survey with additional items developed by the authors. Results: One hundred and nineteen students representing all years participated in the survey: 28...
September 28, 2015: West Indian Medical Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27381948/development-of-depression-and-deterioration-in-quality-of-life-in-german-dental-medical-students-in-preclinical-semesters
#16
P H M Burger, C Neumann, A Ropohl, F Paulsen, M Scholz
PURPOSE: Early intervention to counter mental disorders during the course of studies in dentistry is indicated in view of the pronounced prevalence of burnout in this student collective. To assess the proportion of students in whom these risk states can be quantified in measurable parameters for concrete mental disorders, we conducted surveys among students of dental medicine during the first 2.5 years of their studies. METHODS: We surveyed a total of 163 students of dental medicine in their first 5 semesters of study...
July 2, 2016: Annals of Anatomy, Anatomischer Anzeiger: Official Organ of the Anatomische Gesellschaft
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27357909/the-effect-of-mind-body-medicine-course-on-medical-student-empathy-a-pilot-study
#17
Allen K Chen, Anagha Kumar, Aviad Haramati
INTRODUCTION: Empathy among medical practitioners has been shown to affect patient care and outcomes. Factors such as stress and depression are known to have a negative impact on medical student empathy. Approaches such as mindfulness, meditation, and other mind-body techniques can enhance empathy and reverse burnout symptoms. In the present study, we evaluated impact of Mind Body Medicine (MBM) course on perceived stress and empathy on first-year medical students. METHODS: Thirteen first-year medical students in total self-selected into MBM (experimental) and seven non-MBM (control) groups completed a prospective, pre- and post-test analysis, using the Jefferson Scale of Physician Empathy - Students (JSPE-S), Perceived Stress Scale (PSS), and Personal Health Questionnaire (PHQ) to evaluate empathy, stress, and depression, respectively...
2016: Medical Education Online
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27303328/empathy-is-a-protective-factor-of-burnout-in-physicians-new-neuro-phenomenological-hypotheses-regarding-empathy-and-sympathy-in-care-relationship
#18
Bérangère Thirioux, François Birault, Nematollah Jaafari
Burnout is a multidimensional work-related syndrome that is characterized by emotional exhaustion, depersonalization-or cynicism-and diminution of personal accomplishment. Burnout particularly affects physicians. In medicine as well as other professions, burnout occurrence depends on personal, developmental-psychodynamic, professional, and environmental factors. Recently, it has been proposed to specifically define burnout in physicians as "pathology of care relationship." That is, burnout would arise, among the above-mentioned factors, from the specificity of the care relationship as it develops between the physician and the patient...
2016: Frontiers in Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27301381/accelerating-medical-education-a-survey-of-deans-and-program-directors
#19
Joan Cangiarella, Colleen Gillespie, Judy A Shea, Gail Morrison, Steven B Abramson
BACKGROUND: A handful of medical schools in the U.S. are awarding medical degrees after three years. While the number of three-year pathway programs is slowly increasing there is little data on the opinions of medical education leaders on the need for shortening training. PURPOSE: To survey deans and program directors (PDs) to understand the current status of 3-year medical degree programs and to elicit perceptions of the need for shortening medical school and the benefits and liabilities of 3-year pathway programs (3YPP)...
2016: Medical Education Online
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27187775/burnout-syndrome-in-first-to-sixth-year-medical-students-at-a-private-university-in-the-north-of-mexico-descriptive-cross-sectional-study
#20
Laura Asencio-López, Guillermo Daniel Almaraz-Celis, Vicente Carrillo Maciel, Paola Huerta Valenzuela, Luis Silva Goytia, Marcos Muñoz Torres, Fernando Monroy Caballero, Joel Regalado Tapia, Kerigma Dipp Martin, Dinorah López Miranda, Clyvia Medina Lavenant, Karen Pizarro Rodríguez, Cesar Santiago Martínez, Alma Geovanna Saucedo Aparicio, Rodolfo Flores Lepe
INTRODUCTION: Burnout syndrome is a three-dimensional clinical syndrome caused by stress at work. It is frequent in professions which require direct contact with people. In Mexico, the presence of Burnout Syndrome in doctors and medical students, is characterized as a threat to their health, quality of life and professional performance. OBJECTIVES: To evaluate the prevalence of burnout syndrome in students of years 1 through 6 of medical school at a private university in northern Mexico...
2016: Medwave
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