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Dental surgeon

Michael Dau, Amir Edalatpour, Ralf Schulze, Bilal Al-Nawas, Abdulmonem Alshihri, Peer W Kämmerer
OBJECTIVES: The aim of this study was to compare the subjective quality rating of panoramic radiography (PAN) and cone beam computed tomography (CBCT) in planning of dental implant procedures by clinicians with different educational background. METHODS: Radiographic images (PAN and CBCT) of 42 patients were examined as follows: 10 maxillary (MX) anterior region, 16 MX posterior region and 16 mandibular (MD) posterior region. These sites were used for planning of dental implant insertion...
October 19, 2016: Dento Maxillo Facial Radiology
Aneliza de Fatima Moraes da Silva, Daniel Galera Bernabé, Glauco Issamu Miyahara, Eder Ricardo Biasoli, Renata Callestini, Kellen Cristine Tjioe
Oral biopsy of vesiculobullous diseases such as pemphigus vulgaris often raises questions due to some particularities involving this procedure. The adequate selection of the area to be biopsied defines if the final diagnosis will be reached, being the Achiles heel of the proper management of the patient. Here, the authors report a case of a woman who sought for treatment of generalized oral blisters and ulcers that caused severe pain. She had undergone a previous biopsy by other professionals that was inconclusive...
October 14, 2016: Journal of Craniofacial Surgery
Harsh Pipalia, Praveen Ganesh, Samarth Shetty, Paul C Salins, Rohan Raut, Kiran Kumar Boyina
Three-dimensional virtual surgery programs are widely available for orthognathic surgery. The advent of imaging software programs has proved to be useful for diagnosis, treatment planning, outcome measurement, and three-dimensional surgical simulation. Complex maxillofacial malformations continue to present challenges in analysis and correction beyond modern technology. Orthomorphic correction for mandibular dysmorphology refers to basal bone movement without any change in dental component. The purpose of this paper is to present a virtual surgery planning for surgeons to perform the orthomorphic surgery with precision and quantification...
October 14, 2016: Journal of Craniofacial Surgery
Amy Po Yu Tsai, Jimmy Po-Nien Tsai, Lauren Stewart, Jeffrey Brubacher, Ka Wai Cheung
OBJECTIVES: Patients who are tobacco users present to the emergency department (ED) with many medical conditions that are causally or potentially causally related to smoking. Previous studies have shown increased cessation rates for patients who accurately perceive that their ED visit is smoking-related. Our study goals were 1) to determine the prevalence of potential smoking-related conditions among tobacco users at a tertiary care academic ED, and 2) to determine which medical conditions are more or less likely to be perceived by patients as smoking-related...
October 17, 2016: CJEM
Lorenzo Trevisiol, Pasquale Procacci, Antonio D'Agostino, Francesca Ferrari, Daniele De Santis, Pier Francesco Nocini
PURPOSE: Several authors have described zygoma implants as a reliable surgical option to rehabilitate severe maxillary defects in case of extreme atrophy or oncological resections. The aim of this study is to report a new technical approach to the rehabilitation of a complex oronasal defect by means of a zygoma-implant-supported full-arch dental prosthesis combined with a nasal epithesis. PATIENTS AND METHODS: The patient presented with a subtotal bilateral maxillectomy and total rhinectomy defect because of a squamous cell carcinoma of the nose...
December 2016: Int J Implant Dent
Joseph Gakonyo, Fawzia Butt, Philip Mwachaka, Evelyn Wagaiyu
BACKGROUND: Inter-foraminal implant placement poses a risk to the sublingual artery as it enters the mandibular midline lingual foramen. Lack of consensus on the source of this artery poses a dilemma to surgeons during management of haemorrhagic episodes. Determination of the exact source of this artery is therefore pivotal. METHODS: This was a cross-sectional descriptive study involving 34 adult human cadavers. The facial and lingual arteries were followed from the external carotid artery to determine whether they terminated as the sublingual artery...
December 2015: Int J Implant Dent
Andre V Guerrero, Jeffrey A Elo, Ho-Hyun Brian Sun, Alan S Herford
PURPOSE: To determine whether changing "oral and maxillofacial surgeon" (OMS) to "oral and facial surgeon" would improve the perception and awareness of the OMS's role and surgical scope of practice in undergraduate biomedical and dental students. MATERIALS AND METHODS: This cross-sectional study requested undergraduate and dental students to select 1 of 5 specialists to treat 21 conditions. Two different surveys were presented: 1 designating specialists as "oral and maxillofacial surgeons" and 1 designating specialists as "oral and facial surgeons...
September 14, 2016: Journal of Oral and Maxillofacial Surgery
Machiko Shimmura-Tomita, Shigeto Shimmura, Kazuo Tsubota, Jun Shimazaki
BACKGROUND: Reports on keratoplasty by residents are rare compared to those on cataract surgery. The aim of this study was to compare the results and surgery time of penetrating keratoplasty performed by residents and an experienced cornea surgeon. METHODS: The medical records and surgery videos of the first 5 penetrating keratoplasty procedures by 4 residents were reviewed and compared with those in 20 penetrating keratoplasty procedures by an experienced cornea surgeon...
October 4, 2016: Journal of Surgical Education
Deise Berger Velten, Eliana Zandonade, Maria Helena Monteiro de Barros Miotto
BACKGROUND: Oral complications may be observed during chemotherapy and are important side effects that may directly affect the anticancer treatment, even causing septicaemia in some cases. This research was done in order to evaluate changes in oral lesions during follow-up of children and adolescents in chemotherapy at Hospital Estadual Infantil Nossa Senhora da Glória (HEINSG). METHODS: The study design was longitudinal, 45 patients were evaluated and monitored for 1 month after the initiation of chemotherapy...
October 3, 2016: BMC Oral Health
Wen-Bo Zhang, Yao Yu, Yang Wang, Chi Mao, Xiao-Jing Liu, Chuan-Bin Guo, Guang-Yan Yu, Xin Peng
While vascularized iliac crest flap is widely used for mandibular reconstruction, it is often challenging to predict the clinical outcome in a conventional operation based solely on the surgeon's experience. Herein, we aimed to improve this procedure by using computer-assisted techniques. We retrospectively reviewed records of 45 patients with mandibular tumor who underwent mandibulectomy and reconstruction with vascularized iliac crest flap from January 2008 to June 2015. Computer-assisted techniques including virtual plan, stereomodel, pre-bending individual reconstruction plate, and surgical navigation were used in 15 patients...
August 25, 2016: Journal of Cranio-maxillo-facial Surgery
(no author information available yet)
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
November 2016: International Journal of Paediatric Dentistry
Paolo Cariati, José Fernández-Solís, Ana-Belén Marín-Fernández, Alfredo Valencia-Laseca, Fernando Monsalve-Iglesias
Dental implant surgery is continuously expanding. In fact, every day more and more surgeons are choosing dental implants for allowing great results in the field of oral rehabilitation. However, these procedures are not exempt from complications. This report presents the case of a 66 years old man underwent implant surgery by a specialized dentist. No problems were reported during implant placement. Despite this, three months later, it was displaced into the sublingual space at the time of uncovering. Against this backdrop, the patient was referred to an expert maxillofacial surgeon...
October 2016: Journal of Clinical and Experimental Dentistry
J Herranz-Aparicio, J Marques, N Almendros-Marqués, C Gay-Escoda
In order to choose the appropriate implant size and to prevent complications, an oral surgeon must know the size and shape of the mandible. In the posterior mandibular region, a lingual undercut is often found and could represent a difficulty hard to manage if a lingual or buccal perforation occur. _A large series of computed tomography (CT) images of first molar mandible was evaluated and it the bone morphology and the prevalence and the degree of the lingual concavity in the first molar region was studied...
October 1, 2016: Medicina Oral, Patología Oral y Cirugía Bucal
Carlos Caravaca, Liu Shi, Sandra Balvay, Pascaline Rivory, Emmanuelle Laurenceau, Yann Chevolot, Daniel Hartmann, Laurent Gremillard, Jérôme Chevalier
: High-performance bioinert ceramics such as zirconia have been used for biomedical devices since the early seventies. In order to promote osseointegration, the historical solution has been to increase the specific surface of the implant through roughness. Nevertheless these treatments on ceramics may create defects at the surface, exposing the material to higher chances of early failure. In zirconia, such treatments may also affect the stability of the surface. More recently, the interest of improving osseointegration of implants has moved the research focus towards the actual chemistry of the surface...
September 26, 2016: Acta Biomaterialia
Brandon C Maughan, Elliot V Hersh, Frances S Shofer, Kathryn J Wanner, Elizabeth Archer, Lee R Carrasco, Karin V Rhodes
BACKGROUND: Individuals who abuse prescription opioids often use leftover pills that were prescribed for friends or family members. Dental surgery has been identified as a common source of opioid prescriptions. We measured rates of used and unused opioids after dental surgery for a pilot program to promote safe drug disposal. METHODS: We conducted a randomized controlled trial of opioid use patterns among patients undergoing surgical tooth extraction at a university-affiliated oral surgery practice...
September 16, 2016: Drug and Alcohol Dependence
Pankaj Gupta, Ashna Jain
INTRODUCTION: Hookah smoking has seen a reemergence in popularity in the last 30 years, particularly in the young urban population. This study aimed to compare the prevalence of and the attitude and beliefs about hookah smoking of people with a medical background and compare it with people from a non-medical background. MATERIALS AND METHODS: An anonymous questionnaire with ten questions about various aspects of hookah smoking was formulated using Google forms®, which was then circulated via Facebook®, Whatsapp® and emails to the intended participants and all responses were recorded and analyzed...
2016: Curēus
Natheer H Al-Rawi, Hiba El Khatib, Lin Rajoub, Mariem El-Sayed, Rawand Naji, Reem Youssef, Sausan Al Kawas
INTRODUCTION: Dentists are at a very high risk of developing work-related musculoskeletal pain. The present study aimed at studying the prevalence of musculoskeletal pain among different dental specialists in the United Arab Emirates (UAE), and correlating the region of pain with the type of clinical work done by the specialists. MATERIALS AND METHODS: A sample of more than 100 dentists was chosen randomly from different emirates in UAE. An interview questionnaire was administered regarding the number of years of experience and the presence, region, duration, and type of musculoskeletal pain they experienced...
2016: Journal of Contemporary Dental Practice
Zyad M AIBarrak, Adel S Alqarni, Elna P Chalisserry, Sukumaran Anil
BACKGROUND: Papillon-Lefèvre syndrome is a rare autosomal recessive disorder characterized by palmoplantar hyperkeratosis and aggressively progressing periodontitis leading to premature loss of deciduous and permanent dentition. The etiopathogenesis of the syndrome is relatively obscure, and immunologic, genetic, or possible bacterial etiologies have been proposed. CASE PRESENTATION: A series of five cases of Papillon-Lefèvre syndrome among the siblings in a family is presented here: a 3-year-old Arab girl, a 4-year-old Arab boy, a 11-year-old Arab boy, a 12-year-old Arab boy, and a 14-year-old Arab boy...
2016: Journal of Medical Case Reports
Isa Abdi, Kourosh Taheri Talesh, Javad Yazdani, Sareh Keshavarz Meshkin Fam, Mohammad Ali Ghavimi, Seyed Ahmad Arta
Background. The inferior alveolar canal should be examined as a significant anatomical landmark, particularly in the posterior body and ramus of the mandible, for dental and surgical procedures. In the present study, the effects of two pathological lesions, ameloblastoma and keratocystic odontogenic tumor, on canal displacement were investigated. Methods. This study had a single-blinded design. Twenty-six patients with lesions in the mandible referred to Imam Reza Hospital, Tabriz, Iran, were studied in two equal groups (13 patients with a histopathological diagnosis of ameloblastoma and 13 with a histopathological diagnosis of odontogenic keratocyst)...
2016: Journal of Dental Research, Dental Clinics, Dental Prospects
Michael S Block, Robert W Emery, Kathryn Lank, James Ryan
PURPOSE: The aim of this prospective study was to determine platform and angle accuracy for dental implants using dynamic navigation, a form of computer-assisted surgery. Three hypotheses were considered: (1) the overall accuracy for implant placement relative to the virtual plan is similar to that of static tooth-borne computerized tomography (CT)-generated guides; (2) the dynamic system is more accurate than freehand methods; and (3) there is a learning curve associated with this method...
September 19, 2016: International Journal of Oral & Maxillofacial Implants
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