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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29349356/qt-interval-prolongation-due-to-medication-found-in-the-preoperative-evaluation
#1
Mika Seto, Sayo Koga, Ryosuke Kita, Toshihiro Kikuta
QT prolongation is an electrocardiographic change that can lead to lethal arrhythmia. Acquired QT prolongation is known to be caused by drugs and electrolyte abnormalities. We report three cases in which the prolonged QT interval was improved at the time of operation by briefly discontinuing the drugs suspected to have caused the QT prolongation observed on preoperative electrocardiography. The QTc of cases 1, 2, and 3 improved from 518 to 429 ms, 463 to 441 ms, and 473 to 443 ms on discontinuing the use of a gastrointestinal prokinetic agent, a proton pump inhibitor, and a molecular targeted drug, respectively...
December 2017: Journal of Dental Anesthesia and Pain Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29345719/an-anatomical-variant-evaluation-of-accessory-canals-of-the-canalis-sinuosus-using-cbct
#2
Kaan Orhan, Cansu Gorurgoz, Mesut Akyol, Savaş Ozarslanturk, Hakan Avsever
BACKGROUND: The anatomical variation of the anterior superior alveolar nerve which described as canalis sinuosus(CS) is a less known structure of anterior maxilla. Due to it contains anterior superior alveolar nerve as well as vein and arteries, exact diagnosis will provide surgeons to avoid complications. Hence, the aim of this study was to verify the presence, reveal the frequency and characteristics of accessory canals of canalis sinuosus. MATERIAL AND METHODS: This study was based on retrospective evaluation of CBCT scans...
January 18, 2018: Folia Morphologica (Warsz)
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29334501/practice-guidelines-for-moderate-procedural-sedation-and-analgesia-2018-a-report-by-the-american-society-of-anesthesiologists-task-force-on-moderate-procedural-sedation-and-analgesia-the-american-association-of-oral-and-maxillofacial-surgeons-american-college
#3
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29331966/effectiveness-and-safety-of-oral-sedation-in-adult-patients-undergoing-dental-procedures-protocol-for-a-systematic-review
#4
Jimmy de Oliveira Araújo, Rogério Heládio Lopes Motta, Cristiane de Cássia Bergamaschi, Caio Chaves Guimarães, Juliana Cama Ramacciato, Natalia Karol de Andrade, Mabel Fernandes Fiqueiró, Luciane Cruz Lopes
INTRODUCTION: The management of anxious patients undergoing dental procedures is still a challenge in clinical practice. Despite a wide variety of drugs for oral sedation in adult patients, there are relatively few systematic reviews that compare the effectiveness and safety of different drugs administered via this route. Thus, this study will evaluate the effectiveness and safety of oral sedation with benzodiazepines and other agents to patients undergoing dental surgical procedures...
January 13, 2018: BMJ Open
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29326519/tetanus-a-report-of-two-cases-and-review-of-literature-a-continuing-threat-to-the-elderly-in-japan
#5
Tsutomu Sugiura, Kazuhiko Yamamoto, Masatoshi Sato, Tadaaki Kirita
Tetanus has become rare in industrialized countries, largely due to the effectiveness of immunization. However, the elderly are susceptible to tetanus because many have not received primary immunization; the incidence of tetanus in Japan is still 120 cases/year. The initial symptoms of tetanus, such as trismus and dysphagia, are observed in the orofacial region. However, because of the disease's rarity, the clinician may be unfamiliar with the clinical presentation and may not suspect tetanus. We report two cases of elderly patients with generalized tetanus...
October 2017: Contemporary Clinical Dentistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29313062/art-or-science-an-evidence-based-approach-to-human-facial-beauty-a-quantitative-analysis-towards-an-informed-clinical-aesthetic-practice
#6
REVIEW
Harpal Harrar, Simon Myers, Ali M Ghanem
BACKGROUND: Patients often seek guidance from the aesthetic practitioners regarding treatments to enhance their 'beauty'. Is there a science behind the art of assessment and if so is it measurable? Through the centuries, this question has challenged scholars, artists and surgeons. AIMS AND OBJECTIVES: This study aims to undertake a review of the evidence behind quantitative facial measurements in assessing beauty to help the practitioner in everyday aesthetic practice...
January 8, 2018: Aesthetic Plastic Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29311020/is-the-routine-practice-of-antibiotic-prescription-and-microbial-culture-and-antibiotic-sensitivity-testing-justified-in-primary-maxillofacial-space-infection-patients-a-prospective-randomized-clinical-study
#7
Saroj Kumari, Sujata Mohanty, Pankaj Sharma, Jitender Dabas, Sanchaita Kohli, Cathrine Diana
PURPOSE: The purpose of this prospective, randomized, comparative clinical study was to compare treatment outcome of removal of foci and incision and drainage, with or without oral antibiotic therapy, in the management of single primary maxillofacial space infection with a known focus. MATERIALS AND METHODS: A total of 40 patients with single primary maxillofacial space infection with a known infectious focus were divided into two groups, one treated with incision and drainage only, and the other with incision and drainage along with oral antibiotics...
December 20, 2017: Journal of Cranio-maxillo-facial Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29303409/clinical-evaluation-of-a-new-synthetic-resorbable-dental-membrane-a-case-series-study
#8
Hélène Martin Thomé, David Bourdin, Nicolas Strube, Afchine Saffarzadeh, Jean-Francois Morlock, Guillaume Campard, Charles Evanno, Alain Hoornaert, Pierre Layrolle
For the regeneration of small osseous defects, dental membranes are commonly used in oral and maxillofacial surgery. A new synthetic resorbable membrane has recently demonstrated its biocompatibility and bone regeneration capacity in preclinical studies. This membrane is made of poly-D,L-lactic/glycolic acid 85/15 (PLGA), has a bi-layered structure with a dense film to prevent gingival epithelial cell invasion and a micro-fibrous layer to support osteogenic cells and bone healing. This membrane completely degrades by hydrolysis in 4 to 6 months without signs of inflammation...
January 5, 2018: Journal of Oral Implantology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29302800/analysis-of-fungi-in-aerosols-dispersed-by-high-speed-pens-in-dental-clinics-from-teresina-piaui-brazil
#9
Aline Maria Alves Vilarinho Oliveira, Rômulo Maia de Alencar, Jhonatas Cley Santos Porto, Isla Rita Brito Fontenele Ramos, Iraci Salmito Noleto, Tanit Clementino Santos, Mitra Mobin
This quantitative and qualitative study aimed to evaluate the level of fungal contamination in aerosols dispersed by high rotation pens in dental clinics from Teresina, Piaui, Brazil. The data were collected during the attendance at two dental clinics. Petri dishes containing Sabouraud agar with chloramphenicol were opened for 15 min in the following places: in front of the chair, on the partitions to the right and left of the chair, and in the neighboring workbench. The plates were incubated at room temperature to allow the fungal growth and subsequent species identification...
January 4, 2018: Environmental Monitoring and Assessment
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29285336/surgiplanner-a-new-method-for-one-step-oral-rehabilitation-of-severe-atrophic-maxilla
#10
A Busato, V Vismara, F Grecchi, E Grecchi, D Lauritano
The implant-prosthetic rehabilitation of edentulous upper jaws has always been complex for surgeons and dentists. The lack of bone in both vertical and horizontal dimension does not allow the correct insertion of dental implants. In addition, patients with edentulous upper and lower arch have a loss of vertical dimension of the face and an aged expression. Many surgical techniques have been proposed to increase the bone volume, height and thickness, such as the Le Fort I osteotomy, the bone grafts and the placement of dental implants...
July 2017: Oral & Implantology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29284975/dental-implants-a-remote-option-in-case-of-somatic-delusion-disorder
#11
Thanvir Mohamed Niazi, G Ulaganathan, S Kalaiselvan, R Lambodharan, R Mahalakshmi, M Sophia, V Usha Giridhar
A 29-year-old female was referred by a psychiatrist for dental implantation and prosthodontic rehabilitation, as she had all her healthy permanent teeth extracted within a span of 2-6 months, due to somatic delusional disorder. She presently refuses artificial dentures and implants with the fear of having worms in her teeth and the fear not yet allayed. The patient cannot be treated for her edentulous state until her psychiatric symptoms are treated. This is the limitation for the implant surgeon where service rendered is impaired in spite of advanced professional skills, ideal patient ridge, and other factors, just where the patient is not mentally prepared for the dental rehabilitation procedures...
November 2017: Journal of Pharmacy & Bioallied Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29284969/musculoskeletal-disorders-and-mental-health-related-issues-as-occupational-hazards-among-dental-practitioners-in-salem-city-a-cross-sectional-study
#12
Vanita D Revankar, Yadav Chakravarthy, S Naveen, Arun Senthamil Selvan, Aarthi Ganapathy, A S Prasad
Background: Like in any other profession, dental surgeons are also afflicted by many occupational health hazards such as Musculoskeletal disorders (MSD) and mental health related issues. Aims: To assess the distribution of MSD and mental health related issues amidst dentists in Salem City according to age, sex and number of working hours per week. Objectives: A survey was organized to check the rate of occurrence of these occupational health hazards among dental practitioners in Salem city...
November 2017: Journal of Pharmacy & Bioallied Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29284964/incidence-of-risk-and-complications-associated-with-orthodontic-therapeutic-extraction
#13
Ramesh Narendar, Gowri Balakrishnan, Thangavelu Kavin, Sivasubramanian Venkataraman, Syed Khalid Altaf, Subramaniam Gokulanathan
Background: Extraction in orthodontics are carried out in the cases where there is space deficiency to align the teeth. The elective extraction of first or second premolars has been discussed in the literature for more than 50 years. In the 1940s and 1950s Nance, Dewel and Carey reviewed this as a useful option, and in the 1970s Logan and other leading orthodontists favoured the extraction as choice. It is not always the elective extraction of premolar is a smooth drive for the surgeon as well as to patient...
November 2017: Journal of Pharmacy & Bioallied Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29284955/knowledge-and-attitude-of-dental-surgeons-about-ocular-complications-due-to-dental-infection
#14
Prahalad Hunsigi, Vinod Kumar, M R Pradeep, B C Arun Kumar
Background: Ocular complications such as ophthalmia, defective vision, orbital cellulitis, and blindness (temporary or permanent) are rare complications due to dental infection. Currently, there is lack of guidelines in preventing and managing ocular problems. Hence, we assessed the dentist's knowledge and attitudes about ocular complications due to dental infection. Materials and Methods: A cross-sectional prospective survey selecting practicing dentists or academicians was carried out through e-mail using a standardized self-administered questionnaire...
November 2017: Journal of Pharmacy & Bioallied Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29275808/from-dental-to-mental-institutions-asylum-bound-dentist-zacheus-rogers-oxygenates-nitrous-oxide
#15
Matthew L Edwards, George S Bause
American dentist Zacheus Rogers taught surgeon Edmund Andrews-and indirectly anesthesia pioneers SJ Hayes and FW Hewitt-to oxygenate anesthetics. Ironically, Rogers may have himself suffered neurologic damage by failing to oxygenate the nitrous oxide that he is speculated to have abused personally.
October 2017: Journal of Anesthesia History
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29250716/evaluation-of-accuracy-in-implant-site-preparation-performed-in-single-or-multi-step-drilling-procedures
#16
Nadine Marheineke, Uta Scherer, Martin Rücker, Constantin von See, Björn Rahlf, Nils-Claudius Gellrich, Marcus Stoetzer
OBJECTIVES: Dental implant failure and insufficient osseointegration are proven results of mechanical and thermal damage during the surgery process. We herein performed a comparative study of a less invasive single-step drilling preparation protocol and a conventional multiple drilling sequence. Accuracy of drilling holes was precisely analyzed and the influence of different levels of expertise of the handlers and additional use of drill template guidance was evaluated. MATERIAL AND METHODS: Six experimental groups, deployed in an osseous study model, were representing template-guided and freehanded drilling actions in a stepwise drilling procedure in comparison to a single-drill protocol...
December 17, 2017: Clinical Oral Investigations
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29245001/management-of-the-maxillary-diastema-by-various-dental-specialties
#17
Bryan Wheeler, Caroline K Carrico, Bhavna Shroff, Tegman Brickhouse, Daniel M Laskin
PURPOSE: There is considerable controversy in the literature concerning the indications for frenectomy for treating a maxillary diastema and for timing of the procedure. The purpose of this study was to survey pediatric dentists, orthodontists, and oral and maxillofacial surgeons on their opinion of this matter to develop a consensus. MATERIALS AND METHODS: An anonymous 7-item electronic questionnaire was sent to members of the American Academy of Pediatric Dentists, the American Association of Orthodontists, and the American Association of Oral and Maxillofacial Surgeons asking about the etiology of the maxillary diastema, its diagnosis, and treatment...
November 22, 2017: Journal of Oral and Maxillofacial Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29240215/a-new-prognostication-system-for-dental-implants
#18
Babak Najafi, Parisa Kheirieh, Alireza Torabi, Emil G Cappetta, Ahmad Najafi, Surendra M Singh
Given the popularity of dental implants, determining their prognosis is an integral component of dental practice. An accurate prognosis is crucial to development of an appropriate treatment plan and may require alterations as overall status or the status of implants or natural teeth change. The importance of an established set of factors for determining implant prognosis would be highlighted in dentist-patient communication and in interdisciplinary collaboration. The main objective of the proposed prognostication system is short- and long-term success of dental implants...
January 2018: International Journal of Periodontics & Restorative Dentistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29233704/risk-factors-for-post-operative-complications-after-procedures-for-autologous-bone-augmentation-from-different-donor-sites
#19
Andreas Sakkas, Alexander Schramm, Karsten Winter, Frank Wilde
AIM: The aim of this study has been to identify risk factors for post-operative complications after grafting bone from different donor sites prior to implant placement. MATERIAL AND METHODS: The study encompassed 279 patients who underwent autologous bone augmentations in a 2-stage procedure, harvested from three intraoral and one extraoral donor sites, as well as sinus floor elevations prior to implant placement. The following complications were recorded: soft tissue dehiscence; wound infection; bone graft exposure; sensory disturbance; sinusitis symptoms; haemorrhage; graft failure; implant failure...
November 21, 2017: Journal of Cranio-maxillo-facial Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29229070/infective-endocarditis-an-update-for-dental-surgeons
#20
REVIEW
Andrew Narendran Robinson, Paul Anantharajah Tambyah
Infective endocarditis (IE) is associated with significant morbidity and mortality. The prevention of infective endocarditis, for many years, has involved the identification of at risk patients undergoing medical or dental procedures and the use of pre-procedural antibiotic prophylaxis. However, evidence regarding the effectiveness of such measures is lacking while evidence is mounting for the adverse effects of inappropriate antibiotic use. International guidelines for antibiotic prophylaxis were amended, radically in some cases to reflect this...
December 2017: Singapore Dental Journal
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