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Dental surgeon

N Gholinejad Ghadi, Z Seifi, T Shokohi, S R Aghili, M Nikkhah, L Vahedi Larijani, M Ghasemi, I Haghani
Mucormycosis is a rare but fulminant opportunistic fungal infection, which occurs most often in diabetic and immunocompromised patients. Dental extractions may create a portal of entry for the fungal infection. The mucormycosis may be the original cause of the pain and can be misdiagnosed as dental pain. In this paper, two cases of mucormycosis are reported after dental extractions and successfully treated with amphotericin B (case #1) and combined with posaconazole (case #2). The two cases we describe exemplify the fulminant mucormycosis of maxillary sinuses after dental extraction inpatients with uncontrolled diabetic support the findings that this predisposing condition created a suitable environment for the Mucorales growth...
March 12, 2018: Journal de Mycologie Médicale
Vo Truong Nhu Ngoc, Trinh Do Van Nga, Dinh-Toi Chu, Le Quynh Anh
Hemophilia-a bleeding disorder due to the lack of clotting factors-is mostly induced by genetic factors. Its most common type is hemophilia A. Hemorrhage in hemophilia A may occur in several different sites of the body, including those inside the oral cavity, such as mucous membrane and gum. However, only a few studies and case reports on dental issues of hemophilia A patients have been conducted. In clinical dentistry, treatment procedures are invasive, possibly leading to more severe bleeding, especially in hemophilia A cases...
March 14, 2018: Special Care in Dentistry
Reda Mohamed
The aim of this study was to determine the morphometric values of the skull and the mandible of the common opossum from the Caribbean island of Trinidad and Tobago. The skulls and mandibles were obtained from ten opossums captured for research purposes. The skulls and mandibles were prepared and cleaned using standard method. Some anatomical landmarks of the skulls and mandibles were identified and measured. The results were important for identification of the common opossum via comparison and discussion of our results with that of other marsupial species...
March 9, 2018: Veterinary Sciences
Jéssica Araújo Figueira, Fábio Roberto de Souza Batista, Karina Rosso, Vanessa Cristina Veltrini, Angelo José Pavan
Gorlin-Goltz syndrome (GGS), also known as nevoid basal cell carcinoma syndrome, is an autosomal dominant inherited disorder with high penetrance and variable expressivity. The classic triad originally described by Gorlin and Goltz in 1960 is composed of multiple nevoid basal cell carcinomas (NBCCs), odontogenic keratocysts (OKCs) in the jaws and bifid ribs. in 1977, this triad was modified by Rayner et al, and to GGS diagnosis, the OKCs had to appear in combination with calcification of the cerebellar falx or palmar and plantar pits...
March 8, 2018: Journal of Craniofacial Surgery
Woo Shik Jeong, Jang Yeol Lee, Jong Woo Choi
The surgery-first approach (SFA) is a new paradigm in orthognathic surgery. In our experience over the last 10 years, SFA, particularly for the correction of the class III dentofacial deformity and facial asymmetry, has demonstrated high success rates without any major complications. However, many craniofacial surgeons remain concerned about the skeletal stability of SFA. In the present study, the authors aimed to compare the traditional and SFA with regard to the long-term outcomes of vertical skeletal stability using large-scale data...
March 8, 2018: Journal of Craniofacial Surgery
Kevin Bertrand, Brigitte Lamy, Marie De Boutray, Jacques Yachouh, Sophie Galmiche, Pierre Leprêtre, Nicolas Menjot de Champfleur, Jacques Reynes, Vincent Le Moing, David Morquin
This work aims at describing the diversity of osteomyelitis of the jaw (OJ) and at assessing the relevance of a new method designed to avoid salivary contamination during bone sampling in order to improve microbiological analysis and clinical decision-making. We reviewed medical and microbiological data of patients with a suspected OJ based on clinical and/or CT-scan signs and at least one bone sample made for microbiological analysis. During the study period, a new procedure for intraoral bone sampling was elaborated by surgeons and infectious diseases specialists authoring this article (based on stratified samples, cleaning of the surgical site and change of instruments between each sample)...
March 7, 2018: European Journal of Clinical Microbiology & Infectious Diseases
Andreia Morales Cascaes, Lara Dotto, Rafael Aiello Bomfim
OBJECTIVE: the objective was to analyze trends in the dental surgeon workforce in Brazil between 2007 and 2014. METHODS: this is a time series study using data from the Brazilian National Register of Health Establishments and the Brazilian National Institute of Geography and Statistics. Prais-Winsten generalized linear regression was used to estimate time trends and to calculate the annual percent change in the dental surgeon workforce over the period. RESULTS: the number of dental surgeons working as general practitioners and as specialists grew on average by 12...
March 5, 2018: Epidemiologia e Servicos de Saude: Revista do Sistema Unico de Saude do Brasil
Mark Krauthammer, Amir Shuster, Daphna Mezad-Koursh, Benjamin Shlomi, Chaim Stolovitch, Igal Leibovitch
Purpose: To demonstrate an unusual case of orbital trauma due to dental surgery complication. Observations: An elderly patient who underwent dental implantation to the zygomatic bone was hospitalized in the ophthalmology department with impaired abduction of her right eye, also evident on ocular examination. Head computed tomography demonstrated damage to the lateral rectus and to the inferior oblique muscles. Clinical assessment determined these muscles could not be repaired and reattached...
April 2017: American Journal of Ophthalmology Case Reports
Carmen Cerruto, Alessandro Ugolini, Mauro Cozzani
A 43-year-old man sought orthodontic treatment to close anterior diastemas. During the impression procedure for routine documentation, the orthodontic assistant exerted excessive pressure on the metallic tray; 2 days later, the patient reported the detachment of a small piece of mucosa overlying the mylohyoid crest and was referred to a maxillofacial surgeon with a diagnosis of lingual mandibular osteonecrosis. The etiology of bony osteonecrosis is discussed, together with the anatomic variations that can be present in the basal bone and that must be carefully checked before an impression is taken...
March 2018: American Journal of Orthodontics and Dentofacial Orthopedics
Sachin C Sarode, Gargi S Sarode, Yashwant Ingale, Manjusha Ingale, Mahesh Chavan, Nilesh Patil, Barnali Majumdar, Prashant Kumar, Shankargouda Patil
Formalin is a hazardous chemical, yet it is the choice of fixative for diagnostic pathology. Dental surgeons routinely use formalin for preservation of oral biopsy specimens. Literature search revealed that during regular biopsy procedures, unintentional injection with formalin has occurred, and such rare seven cases have been reported till date. In addition to the literature review, the present article describes first case of accidental local infiltration with formalin into the buccal mucosa during a biopsy procedure, its damaging effect on the oral tissues, subsequent judicious management of the patient and successful tissue reconstruction with collagen membrane...
January 8, 2018: Clinics and Practice
Mathilde Fénelon, Sabine Castet, Jean-Christophe Fricain, Sylvain Catros
Introduction: Von Willebrand Disease is the most common inherited bleeding disorder. In the general population, 1/8000 patients are affected. Primary hemostasis (platelet adhesion) and coagulation (protection of Factor VIII) are altered. Among several bleeding symptoms, these patients suffer from excessive bleeding of oral mucosa and dental management requires a close collaboration between haematologists and oral surgeons. Materials & Methods: Guided implant surgery can be used to increase the accuracy of implant placement and to reduce the overall morbidity of this surgical procedure by using a flapless surgery technique...
2018: Open Dentistry Journal
Amir Reza Rokn, Akram Labibzadeh, Amir Alireza Rasouli Ghohroudi, Ahmad Reza Shamshiri, Somaye Solhjoo
Introduction: A correct diagnosis and optimal treatment planning is essential for success in implant dentistry. Proper diagnosis of bone quality is an important part of the diagnostic procedure. Objective: The purpose of this study was to correlate the tactile sense of the surgeon in the assessment of bone density to the histomorphometric analysis of bone quality. Methods: In this study, 56 bone samples from 33 patients were harvested from implant sites with trephine drills...
2018: Open Dentistry Journal
Tassos Irinakis, Salwa Aldahlawi
Achieving symmetry of the soft-tissue margins between anterior maxillary dental-implant restorations and adjacent teeth is a therapeutic challenge for both the implant surgeon and the restorative dentist. This article describes a modified procedure utilizing autogenous connective-tissue grafts to improve primarily buccal soft-tissue margins and secondarily inter-proximal tissues around tooth-bound single dental implants. This technique has the advantage of allowing for coronal augmentation of the peri-implant soft tissue while maximizing the blood supply to the area by using tunneling-technique principles...
2018: Clinical, Cosmetic and Investigational Dentistry
S M Werz, S J Zeichner, B-I Berg, H-F Zeilhofer, F Thieringer
INTRODUCTION: The aim of this study was to evaluate whether inexpensive 3D models can be suitable to train surgical skills to dental students or oral and maxillofacial surgery residents. Furthermore, we wanted to know which of the most common filament materials, acrylonitrile butadiene styrene (ABS) or polylactic acid (PLA), can better simulate human bone according to surgeons' subjective perceptions. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Upper and lower jaw models were produced with common 3D desktop printers, ABS and PLA filament and silicon rubber for soft tissue simulation...
February 26, 2018: European Journal of Dental Education: Official Journal of the Association for Dental Education in Europe
Fan Liang, Hyuma Leland, Breanna Jedrzejewski, Allyn Auslander, Seija Maniskas, Jordan Swanson, Mark Urata, Jeffrey Hammoudeh, William Magee
Alveolar cleft reconstruction has historically relied on autologous iliac crest bone grafting (ICBG), but donor site morbidity, pain, and prolonged hospitalization have prompted the search for bone graft substitutes. The authors evaluated bone graft substitutes with the highest levels of evidence, and highlight the products that show promise in alveolar cleft repair and in maxillary augmentation. This comprehensive review guides the craniofacial surgeon toward safe and informed utilization of biomaterials in the alveolar cleft...
February 14, 2018: Journal of Craniofacial Surgery
S Lata, S K Mohanty, S Vinay, Abhaya Chandra Das, Sanjib Das, Priyadarshini Choudhury
This questioner survey aimed about awareness of the Cone Beam Computed Tomography (CBCT) machine and its various clinical applications in ENT, among the ENT surgeons in the state of Odisha. 150 questioner forms on CBCT were distributed to the all the participating ENT surgeons at a state level ENT conference, out of which the response rate was 110. The participants were asked to answer 30 multiple choice questions, which were divided into 3 parts; general information on CBCT, general approach to CBCT and practice related to CBCT...
March 2018: Indian Journal of Otolaryngology and Head and Neck Surgery
Naveen Jacob Varghese, Venkitachalam Ramanarayanan, Chandrashekar Janakiram, Joe Joseph
Background: The medical prescription is a valid and legal document. Prescriptions can also be used as a measure of the quality of medical education, observance of the laws and regulations, and sociocultural beliefs. Aims: To assess the quality of prescription written by dental and medical students and practitioners. Settings and Design: A cross-sectional study was conducted in three dental and two medical colleges in Kerala covering 345 participants (dental - 235 and medical - 110)...
January 2018: Journal of Natural Science, Biology, and Medicine
Andreea Iuliana Kui, Anca Jiglău Labuneţ, Codruţa Popescu, Daniela Popa, Liana Lascu
Background and aim: Therapeutic decision in dentistry is a complex cognitive process for the practitioners because it involves taking into consideration several factors, including patients' preferences. The hypothesis of this study was that apicoectomy might be indicated more often than necessary and in order to confirm or invalidate it a survey was designed. We also aimed to explore whether the preferences were associated or not with dentist-related or practice-related characteristics...
2018: Clujul Medical (1957)
Amin Rahpeyma, Saeedeh Khajehahmadi
Background: There are two limiting factors for determining the dental implant fixture length in mandibular posterior edentulous region: Inferior dental canal and submandibular fossa. Purpose: Submandibular fossa augmentation is a suggested way to overcome the problem of lingual undercut beneath the mylohyoid ridge in implant dentistry. Materials and Methods: Patients with lingual posterior bony undercut that interferes with the placement of a standard implant with a length of 10 mm were enrolled in this study...
May 2017: Journal of Indian Society of Periodontology
Inesa Astramskaite, Ginnady Pinchasov, Albinas Gervickas, Dalius Sakavicius, Gintaras Juodzbalys
Objectives: There aren't any objective methods that may help in standard evaluation of oral surgery patient's psycho-emotional status. Without any standardized evaluation, two main problems appear: heterogeneity between studies and ineffective patient's evaluation. Therefore, Universal Scale in Oral Surgery (USOS) for patient's psycho-emotional status rating has previously been proposed by authors. The aim of present study is to assess the clinical effectivity and validate the Universal Scale in Oral Surgery in case of outpatient tooth extraction for adult healthy patients...
October 2017: Journal of Oral & Maxillofacial Research
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