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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28441987/hypersensitivity-to-biomedical-implants-prevention-and-diagnosis
#1
Gregory A Rosner, Luz S Fonacier
BACKGROUND: There has been growing interest in the potential for adverse immunologic reactions to metals in biomedical devices and increasing referrals for the evaluation and management of metal hypersensitivity reactions reported in orthopedic, cardiac, gynecologic, and dental implant devices. However, there are few studies that give evidence-based recommendations on how to evaluate this issue in our practices. METHODS: We reviewed reasonable evidence and expert opinion on biomedical device hypersensitivity and published guidelines on pre- and postimplantation evaluation of delayed hypersensitivity reactions in patients suspected of possible metal hypersensitivity to biomedical devices...
May 1, 2017: Allergy and Asthma Proceedings:
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28439167/comparative-evaluation-of-c-reactive-protein-and-wbc-count-in-fascial-space-infections-of-odontogenic-origin
#2
Ravikiran Bagul, Sanjay Chandan, Vikrant Dilip Sane, Sujay Patil, Dinesh Yadav
PURPOSE: To assess efficacy of C-reactive protein levels as monitoring tools for patients with fascial space infections of odontogenic origin. MATERIAL AND METHOD: A randomized prospective study was conducted on 20 patients suffering from fascial space infection of odontogenic origin, in the department of Oral and Maxillofacial Surgery Bharati Vidyapeeth dental college and hospital, Pune, Patients between 18 and 60 years of age of both the sexes were selected. All patients were treated and observed by the same surgeon...
June 2017: Journal of Maxillofacial and Oral Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28437002/dentists-restorative-decision-making-and-implications-for-an-amalgamless-profession-part-4-clinical-factors
#3
G Alexander, Hopcraft, M J Tyas, R H K Wong
BACKGROUND: The Minamata Convention embodies a world-wide reduction in the production and use of mercury and mercury-containing products and processes, including a phase-down of dental amalgam. This will change the approach to the use of direct restorative materials in the near future. There is little research as to the influence of clinical factors on dentists' decision-making which may be of use when determining the impact of any change. METHODS: An online survey relating to aspects of and attitudes to the use of direct restorative materials was distributed to all dentists who were members of the Australian Dental Association and/or Members or Fellows of the Royal Australasian College of Dental Surgeons...
April 24, 2017: Australian Dental Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28417894/quality-improvement-and-reporting-systems-what-the-oral-and-maxillofacial-surgeon-should-know
#4
REVIEW
Justine S Moe, Shelly Abramowicz, Steven M Roser
Health care is an inherently dangerous environment, and patient safety should be an explicit goal of oral and maxillofacial surgery. Important components of a safety program include a nonpunitive safety culture, the implementation of patient safety practices, standardized incident reporting and adverse event analysis, regular self-assessment, and internal and external benchmarking. Implementation of a safety program requires the strong commitment of leadership and the engagement and empowerment of all employees...
May 2017: Oral and Maxillofacial Surgery Clinics of North America
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28396791/three-dimensional-representation-of-microdontia-of-the-maxillary-third-molar
#5
Toshiko Inoue, Makoto Saito, Fumio Nishimura, Takashi Miyazaki
Dentists and maxillofacial surgeons may occasionally encounter various dental anomalies in number, shape, size, eruption, etc. In particular, microdontia is relatively rare. Computed tomography during clinical dental examination is essential for early detection of these anomalies.
April 2017: Clinical Case Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28392819/computer-based-technologies-in-dentistry-types-and-applications
#6
REVIEW
Raja'a M Albuha Al-Mussawi, Farzaneh Farid
During dental education, dental students learn how to examine patients, make diagnosis, plan treatment and perform dental procedures perfectly and efficiently. However, progresses in computer-based technologies including virtual reality (VR) simulators, augmented reality (AR) and computer aided design/computer aided manufacturing (CAD/CAM) systems have resulted in new modalities for instruction and practice of dentistry. Virtual reality dental simulators enable repeated, objective and assessable practice in various controlled situations...
June 2016: Journal of Dentistry of Tehran University of Medical Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28387272/guidelines-on-the-timing-and-frequency-of-bitewing-radiography-a-systematic-review
#7
T L Goodwin, H Devlin, A M Glenny, L O'Malley, K Horner
Objectives To identify guidelines on when and how frequently bitewing radiographs should be used in dentistry for the diagnosis of caries, and to provide an objective appraisal of their quality.Data sources MEDLINE (OVID), US National Guideline Clearinghouse (www.guideline.gov) and the Royal College of Surgeons of England (https://www.rcseng.ac.uk/fds/publications-clinical-guidelines/clinical_guidelines) websites were searched using a variety of relevant search terms (2 August 2016).Data selection Publications were included if they made recommendations on the issue of when and how frequently radiographs should be used in any dentally-related specialty pertaining to the diagnosis of caries; and/or if they were aimed at the individual practitioner (any health professional working within dentistry) and/or patients...
April 7, 2017: British Dental Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28386851/in-vivo-osseointegration-of-dental-implants-with-an-antimicrobial-peptide-coating
#8
X Chen, X C Zhou, S Liu, R F Wu, C Aparicio, J Y Wu
This study aimed to evaluate the in vivo osseointegration of implants with hydrophobic antimicrobial GL13K-peptide coating in rabbit femoral condyles by micro-CT and histological analysis. Six male Japanese Rabbits (4 months old and weighing 2.5 kg each) were included in this study. Twelve implants (3.75 mm wide, 7 mm long) were randomly distributed in two groups, with six implants in the experimental group coated with GL13K peptide and six implants in the control group without surface coating. Each implant in the test and the control group was randomly implanted in the left or right side of femoral condyles...
May 2017: Journal of Materials Science. Materials in Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28377656/a-comparative-evaluation-of-sorption-solubility-and-compressive-strength-of-three-different-glass-ionomer-cements-in-artificial-saliva-an-in-vitro-study
#9
Hind P Bhatia, Shivani Singh, Shveta Sood, Naresh Sharma
AIM: To evaluate and compare the sorption, solubility, and compressive strength of three different glass ionomer cements in artificial saliva - type IX glass ionomer cement, silver-reinforced glass ionomer cement, and zirconia-reinforced glass ionomer cement, so as to determine the material of choice for stress-bearing areas. MATERIALS AND METHODS: A total of 90 cylindrical specimens (4 mm diameter and 6 mm height) were prepared for each material following the manufacturer's instructions...
January 2017: International Journal of Clinical Pediatric Dentistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28364895/radiographic-prognostic-factors-determining-spontaneous-space-closure-after-loss-of-the-permanent-first-molar
#10
Sameer Patel, Paul Ashley, Joseph Noar
INTRODUCTION: Permanent first molars (PFM) with a poor prognosis are routinely extracted in children throughout the United Kingdom. National guidelines suggest that to achieve spontaneous closure for the mandibular arch, the PFM should be extracted at 8 to 10 years of age, during bifurcation formation of the second molar. The literature is of limited quality and has suggested alternative variables that may be associated with successful space closure. Our aim was to investigate the radiographic prognostic factors associated with space closure after extraction of PFM...
April 2017: American Journal of Orthodontics and Dentofacial Orthopedics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28356692/ameloblastic-fibroma-or-fibrosarcoma-a-dilemma-of-oral-surgeon
#11
Nitin Verma, Neha
Ameloblastic fibroma (AF) is an uncommon true mixed odontogenic tumor, with a relative frequency between 1.5% and 4.5% of all odontogenic tumors. It may behave either as a true neoplasm or as a hamartomatous proliferation of odontogenic epithelium of the enamel organ and odontogenic mesenchyme of the primitive dental pulp. Frequently diagnosed between the first and second decades of life with 75% of cases was diagnosed before the age of 20 and present with a well-defined unilocular or multilocular radiolucencies...
July 2016: National Journal of Maxillofacial Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28336306/efficacy-of-acellular-nerve-allografts-in-trigeminal-nerve-reconstruction
#12
Andrew Yampolsky, Vincent Ziccardi, Sung-Kiang Chuang
PURPOSE: During trigeminal nerve repair, a gap is sometimes encountered that prevents the tension-free apposition of nerve endings. The use of a processed acellular nerve allograft is a novel technique that shows promise in overcoming this problem. The goal of the present study was to support the slowly evolving body of evidence that acellular processed nerve allografts (Avance; Axogen, Alachua, FL) are a viable alternative to autogenous nerve grafting and the use of conduits for reconstructing defects of the trigeminal nerve...
February 27, 2017: Journal of Oral and Maxillofacial Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28326413/antibiotic-prophylaxis-for-dental-treatment-after-prosthetic-joint-replacement-exploring-the-orthopaedic-surgeon-s-opinion
#13
Clare M McNally, Renuka Visvanathan, Sharon Liberali, Robert J Adams
BACKGROUND: Antibiotic prophylaxis before dental treatment is routinely recommended by orthopaedic surgeons to prevent prosthetic joint infection (PJI). This recommendation is at odds with current guidelines. METHODS: A postal survey of 9 checkbox or short-answer questions was completed by 633 orthopaedic surgeons. RESULTS: The majority of respondents (n = 186 of 260, 72%) believe that antibiotic prophylaxis is required indefinitely for dental treatment...
September 2016: Arthroplasty Today
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28316023/transconjunctival-versus-subciliary-approach-to-the-infraorbital-margin-for-open-reduction-of-zygomaticomaxillary-complex-fractures-a-randomized-feasibility-study
#14
Mohammad Waheed El-Anwar, Ezzeddin Elsheikh, Atef M Hussein, Adly A Tantawy, Youssef Mansour Abdelbaki
INTRODUCTION: Although some studies addressed the differences between subciliary and transconjunctival approaches, no previous prospective comparative study on displaced zygomaticomaxillary complex (ZMC) fracture that repaired by three-point internal fixation using also upper gingivolabial incision and upper eye lid incision. So, the effect of these incisions on the comparison was not investigated. PURPOSE: The purpose of this study was to compare transconjunctival and subciliary approaches for open reduction and internal rigid fixation (OR/IF) of ZMC fractures...
March 18, 2017: Oral and Maxillofacial Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28299268/role-of-addition-of-dexamethasone-to-lignocaine-2-with-adrenaline-in-dental-nerve-blocks-for-third-molar-surgery-a-prospective-randomized-control-trial
#15
Saroj Prasad Deo
CONTEXT: Dexamethasone has been frequently used in oral surgical procedure and accepted by oral and maxillofacial surgeon community worldwide. However, this is the first clinical trial that used dexamethasone as adjuvant with lignocaine in dental nerve block (DNB). AIMS: The purpose of this double-blind, randomized control trial (RCT) was to compare the effect of dexamethasone with normal saline (NS) in a lignocaine DNB. SETTINGS AND DESIGN: This prospective, double-blind, RCT was carried out after obtaining approval from the Institutional Ethical Committee...
July 2016: Annals of Maxillofacial Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28295613/the-clinical-view-for-dissection-of-the-lingual-nerve-with-application-to-minimizing-iatrogenic-injury
#16
Joe Iwanaga
The importance of the position of the lingual nerve in the oral cavity cannot be understated for dentists and oral surgeons. Therefore, the location of the lingual nerve with various positions of the tongue is important. However, most dental and medical students are taught oral cadaveric anatomy where tissues are fixed. Therefore, the focus of this article is to demonstrate how the lingual nerve moves based on tongue movement in fresh tissues and how this is important for dentists and oral surgeons. Clin. Anat, 2017...
March 14, 2017: Clinical Anatomy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28286384/an-assessment-of-the-incidence-of-prolonged-postoperative-bleeding-after-dental-extraction-among-patients-on-uninterrupted-low-dose-aspirin-therapy-and-to-evaluate-the-need-to-stop-such-medication-prior-to-dental-extractions
#17
Brigit V Eapen, M F Baig, S Avinash
PURPOSE: To propose that low dose aspirin therapy need not be withdrawn for routine dental extraction procedure. AIM: This study was designed to evaluate the post operative bleeding in patients on low dose aspirin therapy by dividing them into two groups: one with withdrawing and the other without withdrawing the regime before dental extraction. MATERIALS AND METHODS: This study included 80 patients on low dose aspirin therapy. They were divided into two groups of 40 patients each; Group I (control group) included patients on who were asked to stop the medication 5 days prior to dental extraction; Group II (test group) included patients who were asked not to stop the medication prior to dental extraction...
March 2017: Journal of Maxillofacial and Oral Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28280705/relationship-between-disease-stage-and-renal-function-in-bisphosphonate-related-osteonecrosis-of-the-jaw
#18
Yun-Ho Kim, Han-Kyul Park, Na-Rae Choi, Seong-Won Kim, Gyoo-Cheon Kim, Dae-Seok Hwang, Yong-Deok Kim, Sang-Hun Shin, Uk-Kyu Kim
OBJECTIVES: Bisphosphonate is the primary cause of bisphosphonate-related osteonecrosis of the jaw (BRONJ). Bisphosphonates are eliminated from the human body by the kidneys. It is anticipated that bisphosphonate levels in the body will increase if the kidney is in a weak state or if there is systemic disease that affects kidney function. The aim of this study was to analyze the relevance of renal function in the severity of BRONJ. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Ninety-three patients diagnosed with BRONJ in Pusan National University Dental Hospital from January 2012 to December 2014 were included in this study...
February 2017: Journal of the Korean Association of Oral and Maxillofacial Surgeons
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28258920/odontogenic-sinusitis-maxillaris-a-retrospective-study-of-121-cases-with-surgical-intervention
#19
Matthias Zirk, Timo Dreiseidler, Matthias Pohl, Daniel Rothamel, Johannes Buller, Franziska Peters, Joachim E Zöller, Matthias Kreppel
PURPOSE: Otolaryngologists, dentists and maxilla-facial surgeons see patients suffering from odontogenic maxillary sinusitis on a daily routine. The study was performed to investigate the different origins of the odontogenic maxillary sinusitis ranging from periodontitis to augmentative implant surgery. Furthermore, the microbial flora of purulent odontogenic maxillary sinusitis was analyzed in order to present a proper antibiotic treatment in addition to a surgical approach. MATERIALS AND METHODS: A retrospective study was performed, analyzing the clinical trials of 121 patients suffering from odontogenic maxillary sinusitis who undergone surgery...
February 4, 2017: Journal of Cranio-maxillo-facial Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28251522/assessing-oral-cancer-awareness-among-dentists
#20
Özge Kebabcıoğlu, Filiz Namdar Pekiner
The aim of this study was to assess oral cancer awareness among dentists who attended 101st FDI World Dental Congress, İstanbul, Turkey. Among 170 dentists who agreed to participate, there were 13 oral surgeons, 6 restorative dentists, 4 endodontists, 4 orthodontists, 6 periodontists, 5 pedodontists, and 14 prosthodontists. Knowledge of oral cancer risk factors and diagnosis procedures, dentists' attitude towards oral cancers, management practice regarding oral cancer, and oral cancer information sources were assessed using 25 questions...
March 1, 2017: Journal of Cancer Education: the Official Journal of the American Association for Cancer Education
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