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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27912075/is-cone-beam-computed-tomography-always-necessary-for-dental-implant-placement
#1
George Deeb, Ludmils Antonos, Samuel Tack, Caroline Carrico, Daniel Laskin, Janina Golob Deeb
PURPOSE: The use of cone-beam computed tomography (CBCT) for evaluation of patients for dental implants has gained considerable popularity. This retrospective cohort study was designed to determine whether using a clinical examination and a panoramic radiograph (Panorex) for implant selection and determining the need for bone grafting would be comparable to using CBCT in routine implant cases. PATIENTS AND METHODS: Implant size and need for bone grafting were initially determined in 82 patients using a panoramic radiograph and clinical examination...
November 15, 2016: Journal of Oral and Maxillofacial Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27900487/lipoid-proteinosis-unveiled-by-oral-mucosal-lesions-a-comprehensive-analysis-of-137-cases
#2
Boaz Frenkel, Marilena Vered, Shlomo Taicher, Noam Yarom
OBJECTIVES: Lipoid proteinosis (LP) is a rare autosomal recessive disorder characterized by deposits of hyaline material within skin and mucous membranes of the upper aerodigestive tract, especially the vocal cords. We aimed to investigate possible associations between oral LP (oLP) manifestations and demographic data and extra-oral lesions. MATERIAL AND METHODS: Cases of oLP were collected following a systematic search of Medline's PubMed and Google Scholar (1948-2014)...
November 29, 2016: Clinical Oral Investigations
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27897182/design-and-development-of-novel-antibacterial-ti-ni-cu-shape-memory-alloys-for-biomedical-application
#3
H F Li, K J Qiu, F Y Zhou, L Li, Y F Zheng
In the case of medical implants, foreign materials are preferential sites for bacterial adhesion and microbial contamination, which can lead to the development of prosthetic infections. Commercially biomedical TiNi shape memory alloys are the most commonly used materials for permanent implants in contact with bone and dental, and the prevention of infections of TiNi biomedical shape memory alloys in clinical cases is therefore a crucial challenge for orthopaedic and dental surgeons. In the present study, copper has been chosen as the alloying element for design and development novel ternary biomedical Ti‒Ni‒Cu shape memory alloys with antibacterial properties...
November 29, 2016: Scientific Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27882508/regional-early-development-and-eruption-of-permanent-teeth-case-report
#4
A M Al Mullahi, A Bakathir, S Al Jahdhami
BACKGROUND: Early development and eruption of permanent teeth are rarely reported in scientific literature. Early eruption of permanent teeth has been reported to occur due to local factors such as trauma or dental abscesses in primary teeth, and in systemic conditions. Congenital diffuse infiltrating facial lipomatosis (CDIFL) is a rare condition that belongs to a group of lipomatosis tumours. In this disorder, the mature adipocytes invade adjacent soft and hard tissues in the facial region...
November 23, 2016: European Archives of Paediatric Dentistry: Official Journal of the European Academy of Paediatric Dentistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27878823/owning-the-tooth-exploring-the-ethical-and-legal-issues-relating-to-the-use-of-extracted-human-teeth-in-dental-education-in-australia
#5
Alexander C L Holden, Susie A Dracopoulos
Extracted human teeth have been used to practice operative techniques for a very long time. As a natural surrogate for a live tooth in vivo, their use has traditionally been very important for the development of skills in trainee dentists, as well as their qualified colleagues who wish to practice existing or new skills. As synthetic alternatives develop greater authenticity, alongside a society in which many retain their natural dentition well into old age, the current paradigm relating to how extracted teeth in dental education are used needs to be re-visited...
November 23, 2016: Australian Dental Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27865802/improving-the-medical-curriculum-in-predoctoral-dental-education-recommendations-from-the-american-association-of-oral-and-maxillofacial-surgeons-committee-on-predoctoral-education-and-training
#6
Matthew J Dennis, Jeffrey D Bennett, Dean M DeLuke, Erik W Evans, John W Hudson, Anders Nattestad, Gregory M Ness, Allison Yeung
Dental procedures are often performed on patients who present with some level of medical fragility. In many dental schools, the exercise of taking a medical history is all too often a transcription of information to the dental chart, with little emphasis on the presurgical risk assessment and the development of a treatment plan appropriate to the medical status of the dental patient. Changes in dentistry, driven by an increasingly medically complex population of dental patients, combined with treatment advances rooted in the biomedical sciences necessitate the adaptation of our dental education to include a stronger background in systemic health...
October 26, 2016: Journal of Oral and Maxillofacial Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27862983/denosumab-prevention-and-management-of-hypocalcemia-osteonecrosis-of-the-jaw-and-atypical-fractures
#7
REVIEW
Kenneth Pittman, Yoland C Antill, Amanda Goldrick, Jeffrey Goh, Richard H de Boer
Denosumab, a bone-modifying agent, reduces the risk of skeletal-related events in patients with bone metastases from solid tumors and is generally well tolerated. However, hypocalcemia, osteonecrosis of the jaw (ONJ) and atypical fracture are potential and important toxicities of denosumab therapy that require attention. In pivotal phase III trials in patients with bone metastases from solid tumors, the incidence of hypocalcemia was 9.6% in denosumab-treated patients, with most events being asymptomatic, grade 2 and resolving by week 4...
November 10, 2016: Asia-Pacific Journal of Clinical Oncology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27834420/clinical-accuracy-of-a-novel-open-lattice-frame-implant-positioning-system-a-case-series
#8
Jacob Horwitz, Eli E Machtei, Hadar Zigdon-Giladi
The purpose of the study was to assess the clinical accuracy of a novel open-lattice-frame implant positioning system by evaluating the deviation between planned and actual implant positions on pre- and postoperative cone beam computed tomography (CBCT) images of patients treated with dental implants. Secondary aims were to record surgical time from first incision to end of implant surgery and start of suturing, and to record patient and surgeon satisfaction from the implant surgical procedure. Pre- and postoperative CBCT of 10 patients receiving 18 dental implants were used to generate implant angular deviations and implant shoulder and apex deviations...
November 10, 2016: Quintessence International
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27833861/maxillofacial-infections-of-odontogenic-origin-epidemiological-microbiological-and-therapeutic-factors-in-an-indian-population
#9
V Yuvaraj
Odontogenic fascial space infections are commonly encountered by the oral and maxillofacial surgeon. A retrospective study of the epidemiological characteristics, microbiological analysis and treatment response to odontogenic infections treated in the oral and maxillofacial unit of a Dental school is presented. A retrospective analysis of case records of all odontogenic infections that reported to the oral and maxillofacial surgery unit in a Dental school over a period of 2 years was performed. Epidemiological data, microbiological profile and treatment responses were analysed...
December 2016: Indian Journal of Otolaryngology and Head and Neck Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27833334/mandibular-reconstruction-overview
#10
REVIEW
Batchu Pavan Kumar, V Venkatesh, K A Jeevan Kumar, B Yashwanth Yadav, S Ram Mohan
INTRODUCTION: Mandibular reconstruction has changed significantly over the years and continues to evolve with the introduction of newer technologies and techniques. PURPOSE: This article reviews the history of oromandibular reconstruction, biomechanics of mandible, summarizes the reconstruction options available for mandible with defect classification, goals in reconstruction, the various donor sites, current reconstructive options, dental rehabilitation and persistent associated problems...
December 2016: Journal of Maxillofacial and Oral Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27828617/dentists-knowledge-and-experience-regarding-leprosy-in-an-endemic-area-in-brazil
#11
Ronald Jefferson Martins, Maria Emília Oliveira Gomes Carloni, Suzely Adas Saliba Moimaz, Cléa Adas Saliba Garbin, Artênio José Ísper Garbin
This study aims to analyze the dental surgeons' knowledge about leprosy and its ways of transmission, clinical characteristics and treatment, besides analyzing their experience with respect to diagnostic suspicion and case referrals. The study population comprised 242 dental surgeons working in the public dental service of the city of Cuiabá, Mato Grosso, Brazil. A self-applicable questionnaire containing questions about the dental surgeon's profile was used, including his/her knowledge on leprosy, as well as his/her practices concerning the disease...
November 3, 2016: Revista do Instituto de Medicina Tropical de São Paulo
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27826384/esthetic-outcome-for-maxillary-anterior-single-implants-assessed-by-different-dental-specialists
#12
Abdullah Al-Dosari, Ra'ed Al-Rowis, Feras Moslem, Fahad Alshehri, Ahmed M Ballo
PURPOSE: The aim of this study was to assess the esthetic outcome of maxillary anterior single implants by comparing the esthetic perception of dental professionals and patients. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Twenty-three patients with single implants in the esthetic zone were enrolled in this study. Dentists of four different dental specialties (Three orthodontists, three oral surgeons, three prosthodontists, and three periodontists) evaluated the pink esthetic score (PES)/white esthetic score (WES) for 23 implant-supported single restorations...
October 2016: Journal of Advanced Prosthodontics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27820690/multidisciplinary-treatment-of-complicated-crown-root-fractures-a-case-study
#13
I L Stojanac, B V Bajkin, M T Premovic, B D Ramic, L M Petrovic
Traumatic dental injuries usually occur among children and adolescents, with maxillary central incisors as the most often affected teeth. Complicated crown-root fractures are particularly challenging for esthetic and functional rehabilitation and often require a multidisciplinary approach. A 21-year-old male patient came to the Dental Clinic due to fractured maxillary incisors caused by trauma during a sporting activity. Clinical examination revealed horizontal fractures of teeth 7, 8, and 9, initiating in the labial cervical third and extending subgingivally on the palate, with exposed pulp tissues...
November 2016: Operative Dentistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27812623/fragile-x-syndrome-panoramic-radiographic-evaluation-of-dental-anomalies-dental-mineralization-stage-and-mandibular-angle
#14
Aida Sabbagh-Haddad, Denise Sabbagh Haddad, Edgard Michel-Crosato, Emiko Saito Arita
Objective: The purpose of this study was to evaluate the dental radiographic characteristics as described in 40 records of patients with panoramic radiography. Material and Methods: The patients were in the range of 6-17 years old, and were divided into two groups (20 subjects who were compatible with the normality standard and 20 individuals diagnosed with the FXS), which were matched for gender and age. Analysis of the panoramic radiographic examination involved the evaluation of dental mineralization stage, mandibular angle size, and presence of dental anomalies in both deciduous and permanent dentitions...
September 2016: Journal of Applied Oral Science: Revista FOB
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27792804/trismus-as-a-clinical-manifestation-of-tetanus-a-case-report
#15
Ioannis Papadiochos, Sofia Papadiochou, Vassilis Petsinis, Lampros Goutzanis, Charikleia Atsali, Nikolaos Papadogeorgaki
Although the incidence of tetanus disease has radically declined in developed countries, both dental practitioners and oral and maxillofacial surgeons should be knowledgeable about its diagnosis since initial manifestations of the disease, such as trismus and dysphagia, are observed in the orofacial region. This study reports on a case of generalized tetanus diagnosed in a middle-aged man. Before the tetanus diagnosis, the patient had sought medical advice from seven different health care professionals, including a dentist and an oral and maxillofacial surgeon...
October 2016: Journal of Oral & Facial Pain and Headache
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27786618/comparative-analysis-of-user-generated-online-yelp-reviews-for-periodontal-practices-in-multiple-metropolitan-markets
#16
Dan J Holtzclaw
BACKGROUND: Previously published research for a single metropolitan market (Austin, Texas, USA) found that periodontists fared poorly on the Yelp website in regards to nearly all measured metrics including average star ratings, number of reviews, review removal rate, and evaluations by Elite Yelp users. The purpose of the current study was to confirm or refute these findings by expanding the data sets to additional metropolitan markets of varying sizes and geographic locations. METHODS: A total of 6,559 Yelp reviews were examined for general dentists, endodontists, pediatric dentists, oral surgeons, orthodontists, and periodontists in small (Austin, Texas), medium (Seattle, Washington), and large (New York City, New York) metropolitan markets...
October 27, 2016: Journal of Periodontology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27783263/hla-typing-analysis-following-allogeneic-bone-grafting-for-sinus-lifting
#17
Marcelo Piaia, Carolina Bonet Bub, Guilherme de Menezes Succi, Margareth Torres, Thiago Henrique Costa, Fabricio Costa Pinheiro, Marcelo Henrique Napimoga
According to the Brazilian Association of Organ Transplants, in 2015, 19,408 bone transplants were performed in Brazil, over 90% by Dental Surgeons. The surgical technique itself has a respectable number of reports regarding its clinical efficacy, as measured by long-term survival of dental implants in grafted areas. Uncertainty remains, however, as to whether fresh frozen grafts from human bone donors remain immunologically innocuous in the body of the host. Six male with no previous medical history of note, including systemic diseases, surgery or blood transfusion were selected...
October 25, 2016: Cell and Tissue Banking
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27774803/-dental-and-oral-surgical-treatment-of-medication-induced-bleeding-patients-audit-of-the-national-guideline-in-hungary
#18
Dénes Lukács, Nóra Stáczer, László Vajta, Lajos Olasz, Árpád Joób-Fancsaly, József Szalma
INTRODUCTION: In 2015 a new Hungarian guideline was published regarding dental treatment and management of anticoagulated patients in agreement of the Hungarian Association of Oral and Maxillofacial Surgeons and the Dental Implantology Association of Hungarian Dentists. AIM: The aim of the authors was to evaluate the efficiency and safety of local hemostatic measures recommended by the guideline in anticoagulated patients. METHOD: In these patients, postoperative bleeding episodes were examined after dental and oral surgical treatments, retrospectively...
October 2016: Orvosi Hetilap
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27759998/presurgical-evaluation-of-bony-implant-sites-using-panoramic-radiography-and-cone-beam-computed-tomography-influence-of-medical-education
#19
Michael Dau, Amir Edalatpour, Ralf Schulze, Bilal Al-Nawas, Abdulmonem Alshihri, Peer W Kämmerer
OBJECTIVES: The aim of this study was to compare the subjective quality rating of panoramic radiography (PAN) and cone beam computed tomography (CBCT) in planning of dental implant procedures by clinicians with different educational background. METHODS: Radiographic images (PAN and CBCT) of 42 patients were examined as follows: 10 maxillary (MX) anterior region, 16 MX posterior region and 16 mandibular (MD) posterior region. These sites were used for planning of dental implant insertion...
October 19, 2016: Dento Maxillo Facial Radiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27755423/pemphigus-vulgaris-how-to-perform-an-oral-biopsy-properly
#20
Aneliza de Fatima Moraes da Silva, Daniel Galera Bernabé, Glauco Issamu Miyahara, Eder Ricardo Biasoli, Renata Callestini, Kellen Cristine Tjioe
Oral biopsy of vesiculobullous diseases such as pemphigus vulgaris often raises questions due to some particularities involving this procedure. The adequate selection of the area to be biopsied defines if the final diagnosis will be reached, being the Achiles heel of the proper management of the patient. Here, the authors report a case of a woman who sought for treatment of generalized oral blisters and ulcers that caused severe pain. She had undergone a previous biopsy by other professionals that was inconclusive...
October 14, 2016: Journal of Craniofacial Surgery
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