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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28641125/an-altered-redox-environment-assisted-by-over-expression-of-fetal-hemoglobins-protects-from-inflammatory-colitis-and-reduces-inflammatory-cytokine-expression
#1
R M Gorczynski, C Alexander, K Brandenburg, Z Chen, A Heini, D Neumann, J P Mach, E T Rietschel, A Tersikh, A J Ulmer, Kai Yu, U Zahringer, I Khatri
C5BL/6 female mice receiving dextran sodium sulfate in their drinking water develop an acute inflammatory colitis within 7d, with weight loss, histopathologic signs of inflammation, and colonic expression of inflammatory cytokines. In previous studies we have reported that increased inflammatory cytokine expression in aged mice can be attenuated by oral gavage of a crude fetal extract containing glutathione (GSH), MPLA and fetal hemoglobin, or more specifically by injection of a combination of these purified reagents...
June 19, 2017: International Immunopharmacology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28640200/animal-assisted-interventions-in-the-classroom-a-systematic-review
#2
REVIEW
Victoria L Brelsford, Kerstin Meints, Nancy R Gee, Karen Pfeffer
The inclusion of animals in educational practice is becoming increasingly popular, but it is unclear how solid the evidence for this type of intervention is. The aim of this systematic review is to scrutinise the empirical research literature relating to animal-assisted interventions conducted in educational settings. The review included 25 papers; 21 from peer-reviewed journals and 4 obtained using grey literature databases. Most studies reported significant benefits of animal-assisted interventions in the school setting...
June 22, 2017: International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28638823/comparing-the-effect-of-animal-rearing-education-in-japan-with-conventional-animal-assisted-education
#3
REVIEW
Yuka Nakajima
An increasing number of teachers are introducing animals into their class so that pupils foster cognitive, physiological, and social skills through their interaction with animals. Along with such an educational style termed animal-assisted education (AAE), Japanese formal education has also utilized animals for education. Japanese animal-rearing education is unique regarding the following two points: (1) it takes the form of "education through assisting animals" rather than "animals assisting education" and (2) animal rearing is embedded in formal education...
2017: Frontiers in Veterinary Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28638674/role-of-personality-in-behavioral-responses-to-new-environments-in-captive-asiatic-lions-panthera-leo-persica
#4
Giovanni Quintavalle Pastorino, Anna Viau, Giulio Curone, Paul Pearce-Kelly, Massimo Faustini, Daniele Vigo, Silvia Michela Mazzola, Richard Preziosi
Studying personality in captive animals may enable the development of individual-based management decisions, which may improve animal welfare. Asiatic lions at London Zoo represent an opportunity to research an understudied species' response to new environments since they have experienced social and physical changes, such as new enclosures and increased social interaction with humans. This project aimed to investigate the role of personality in behavioral responses to these changes. Lion personality questionnaires completed by keepers and direct focal animal observations were used to create personality profiles...
2017: Veterinary Medicine International
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28638398/discovery-of-putative-herbicide-resistance-genes-and-its-regulatory-network-in-chickpea-using-transcriptome-sequencing
#5
Mir A Iquebal, Khela R Soren, Priyanka Gangwar, P S Shanmugavadivel, K Aravind, Deepak Singla, Sarika Jaiswal, Rahul S Jasrotia, Sushil K Chaturvedi, Narendra P Singh, Rajeev K Varshney, Anil Rai, Dinesh Kumar
Background: Chickpea (Cicer arietinum L.) contributes 75% of total pulse production. Being cheaper than animal protein, makes it important in dietary requirement of developing countries. Weed not only competes with chickpea resulting into drastic yield reduction but also creates problem of harboring fungi, bacterial diseases and insect pests. Chemical approach having new herbicide discovery has constraint of limited lead molecule options, statutory regulations and environmental clearance. Through genetic approach, transgenic herbicide tolerant crop has given successful result but led to serious concern over ecological safety thus non-transgenic approach like marker assisted selection is desirable...
2017: Frontiers in Plant Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28633351/data-compression-can-discriminate-broilers-by-selection-line-detect-haplotypes-and-estimate-genetic-potential-for-complex-phenotypes
#6
N J Hudson, R J Hawken, R Okimoto, R L Sapp, A Reverter
Accurately establishing the relationships among individuals lays the foundation for genetic analyses such as genome-wide association studies and identification of selection signatures. Of particular interest to the poultry industry are estimates of genetic merit based on molecular data. These estimates can be commercially exploited in marker-assisted breeding programs to accelerate genetic improvement. Here, we test the utility of a new method we have recently developed to estimate animal relatedness and applied it to genetic parameter estimation in commercial broilers...
June 15, 2017: Poultry Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28629387/an-updated-assessment-of-microglia-depletion-current-concepts-and-future-directions
#7
REVIEW
Jinming Han, Robert A Harris, Xing-Mei Zhang
Microglia are the principal resident immune cells in the central nervous system and are believed to be versatile players in both inflammatory and physiological contexts. On the one hand, in order to safeguard the microenvironment microglia can be rapidly activated by contact with microbial products or cell debris, thereby exerting the functions of innate immunity via phagocytosis and secretion of cytokines and chemokines. Conversely, microglia can also assist in brain development, synaptic plasticity and neural repair through the production of neurotrophic factors and clearance of myelin debris...
June 19, 2017: Molecular Brain
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28629205/attachment-style-is-related-to-quality-of-life-for-assistance-dog-owners
#8
Naomi White, Daniel Mills, Sophie Hall
Attachment styles have been shown to affect quality of life. Growing interest in the value of companion animals highlights that owning a dog can also affect quality of life, yet little research has explored the role of the attachment bond in affecting the relationship between dog ownership and quality of life. Given that the impact of dog ownership on quality of life may be greater for assistance dog owners than pet dog owners, we explored how anxious attachment and avoidance attachment styles to an assistance dog affected owner quality of life (n = 73)...
June 19, 2017: International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28628774/a-segmentation-method-for-myocardial-ischemia-infarction-applicable-in-heart-photos
#9
Salety Ferreira Baracho, Daniel José Lins Leal Pinheiro, Carlos Marcelo Gurjão de Godoy, Regina Célia Coelho
The myocardial infarction, known as heart attack, is the ultimate result of a prolonged/untreated cardiac ischemia. The accurate segmentation of the myocardial infarction or ischemia in images obtained from diversified sources, such as Magnetic Resonance Images or Echocardiograph, is worthwhile for the medical area or the animal experimentation. An alternative image source for ischemia/infarction segmentation is the photo, which can depict the actual heart image. This work presents a method for ischemia segmentation in rat heart photos...
June 7, 2017: Computers in Biology and Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28628752/high-prevalence-of-resistance-to-fluoroquinolones-and-tetracycline-campylobacter-spp-isolated-from-poultry-in-poland
#10
Anna Woźniak-Biel, Gabriela Bugla-Płoskońska, Alicja Kielsznia, Kamila Korzekwa, Anna Tobiasz, Agnieszka Korzeniowska-Kowal, Alina Wieliczko
Campylobacter spp. is a major cause of foodborne diseases in humans, particularly when transmitted by the handling or consumption of undercooked poultry meat. Most Campylobacter infections are self-limiting, but antimicrobial treatment (e.g., fluoroquinolones and macrolides) is necessary in severe or prolonged cases. The indiscriminate use of these drugs, both in clinical medicine and animal production, has a major impact on public health. The aim of the present study was to identify Campylobacter strains, isolated from turkey and broilers, using both PCR and the matrix-assisted laser desorption-ionization time-of-flight (MALDI-TOF) methods to reveal the accuracy of identification, as well to evaluate the antimicrobial and genetic resistance of the investigated strains...
June 19, 2017: Microbial Drug Resistance: MDR: Mechanisms, Epidemiology, and Disease
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28625714/proteomic-analysis-of-seminal-plasma-from-locally-adapted-curraleiro-p%C3%A3-duro-bulls-bos-taurus-identifying-biomarkers-involved-in-sperm-physiology-in-endangered-animals-for-conservation-of-biodiversity
#11
E B Menezes, R V de Oliveira, M F van Tilburg, E A Barbosa, N V Nascimento, A L M C S Velho, F B Moreno, R A Moreira, A C O Monteiro-Moreira, G M C Carvalho, A F Ramos, E Memili, A A Moura
The present study was aimed at evaluating the seminal plasma proteins and sperm parameters of Curraleiro Pé-Duro bulls. Semen was collected from 10 bulls by electroejaculation, and sperm parameters were evaluated in fresh and frozen-thawed semen. Seminal plasma proteins were analyzed by 2-D SDS-PAGE and mass spectrophotometry. Tools in computational biology were used to generate bioinformatic knowledge and evaluate gene ontology, protein-protein interactions, phylogenetic trees and multiple sequence alignments...
May 29, 2017: Animal Reproduction Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28618763/comparison-of-endothelin-and-nitric-oxide-synthase-blockers-on-hemorheological-parameters-in-endotoxemic-rats
#12
Neslihan H Dikmenoğlu Falkmarken, Okan Arihan, Alper B Iskit
BACKGROUND/AIM: Septic shock is an important health problem that vastly alters cardiovascular and hemodynamic status. Increased production of nitric oxide (NO) and endothelin is a counterpart of this endotoxemic state. This study was conducted to test the hypothesis that nonselective NO synthesis blocker (L-NAME), inducible NO synthesis blocker (L-canavanine), or endothelin receptor antagonist (bosentan) will reverse the effects of sepsis on hemorheological parameters. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Forty-eight male Sprague-Dawley rats were used in 8 groups: saline (control), endotoxin, bosentan, L-NAME, L-canavanine, endotoxin + bosentan, endotoxin + L-NAME, and endotoxin + L-canavanine...
June 12, 2017: Turkish Journal of Medical Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28617350/public-perceptions-of-service-dogs-emotional-support-dogs-and-therapy-dogs
#13
Regina Schoenfeld-Tacher, Peter Hellyer, Louana Cheung, Lori Kogan
As service dogs, emotional support dogs, and therapy dogs have become more prevalent in the USA, so too has the controversy surrounding their legitimacy. Yet, there is a lack of objective data regarding the public's understanding of the role played by each of these types of animals, as well as their perceptions regarding the legitimacy of their integration. An anonymous, online survey was distributed to examine the perceptions of US adults who do not own any type of assistance animal. A total of 505 individuals responded to the online survey, yielding 284 usable responses...
June 15, 2017: International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28616387/biosecurity-and-geospatial-analysis-of-mycoplasma-infections-in-poultry-farms-at-al-jabal-al-gharbi-region-of-libya
#14
Abdulwahab Kammon, Paolo Mulatti, Monica Lorenzetto, Nicola Ferre, Monier Sharif, Ibrahim Eldaghayes, Abdunaser Dayhum
Geospatial database of farm locations and biosecurity measures are essential to control disease outbreaks. A study was conducted to establish geospatial database on poultry farms in Al-Jabal Al-Gharbi region of Libya, to evaluate the biosecurity level of each farm and to determine the seroprevalence of mycoplasma and its relation to biosecurity level. A field team of 7 Veterinarians belongs to the National Center of Animal Health was assigned for data recording and collection of blood samples. Personal information of the producers, geographical locations, biosecurity measures and description of the poultry farms were recorded...
2017: Open veterinary journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28614971/pilot-study-of-therapy-dog-visits-for-inpatient-youth-with-cancer
#15
Jessica Chubak, Rene Hawkes, Christi Dudzik, Jessica M Foose-Foster, Lauren Eaton, Rebecca H Johnson, Catherine Fiona Macpherson
This study assessed the feasibility of studying animal-assisted activities (AAA) in inpatient pediatric oncology and collected preliminary data on potential benefits of AAA for this population. Patients at a large pediatric hospital were identified using electronic medical records and approached with physician approval. Patients completed surveys before and after a therapy dog visit in their private hospital room. Data on infections were ascertained by electronic medical record review. Provider surveys were placed in provider common areas and distributed through a link in an e-mail...
June 1, 2017: Journal of Pediatric Oncology Nursing: Official Journal of the Association of Pediatric Oncology Nurses
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28614933/-study-on-the-establishment-of-hmld-model-and-the-expression-of-kl-6-tgf-beta-in-rat
#16
Z S Zhang, Y F Zhao, L Tang, H K Xie, D Y Sun
Objective: To establish an animal model of hard metal lung disease (HMLD) in rats, and to screen the indications for diagnosis of HMLD. Methods: The rats were randomly divided into 5 groups, each group included 8 rats: saline group, pure cobalt group, pure tungsten carbide group, silica group and hard metal (HM) group. 10 mg subjects were administered in each group by using the pulmonary endotracheal tube. After 8 week, the lung CT scan and lung tissue pathology were observed, the serum and bronchoalveolar lavage fluid (BALF) were collected for KL-6, TGF-beta1 and TGF-beta2...
April 20, 2017: Chinese Journal of Industrial Hygiene and Occupational Diseases
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28612912/temporal-healing-patterns-and-coverage-dynamics-after-new-polish-transcatheter-pfo-occluder-implantation-in-a-swine
#17
Krzysztof Milewski, Roland Fiszer, Piotr Paweł Buszman, Przemysław Węglarz, Adam Janas, Agata Krauze, Michał Jelonek, Piotr Hirnle, Grzegorz Smolka, Robert Gil, Jacek Białkowski, Paweł Eugeniusz Buszman
BACKGROUND: Although currently used devices for interventional closure of patent foramen ovale (PFO) are widely used due to minimally invasive nature of this technique and high success rate, there is still a need to look for new materials and designs in order to improve the treatment outcomes. AIM: To evaluate safety, biocompatibility, temporal healing patterns and coverage dynamics of the new Polish PFO occluder (Balton, Warsaw, Poland) in a swine model - an observation that may assist decision with regard to its first-in-human use and duration of anticoagulation therapy...
June 14, 2017: Kardiologia Polska
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28606809/animal-derived-natural-products-used-in-the-bhutanese-sowa-riga-medicine
#18
Karma Yeshi, Paolo Morisco, Phurpa Wangchuk
ETHNOPHARMACOLOGICAL RELEVANCE: Bhutan has two traditional healing systems: a folklore medicine and the Bhutanese Sowa Rigpa medicine (BSM). Three different types of ingredients namely plants, animals (and their derived products) and minerals are used for the preparation of various formulations in combined form. Animals and their derived products are vital ingredients in the preparation of numerous traditional remedies. Unlike medicinal plants, research on medicinal animals has remained largely untouched...
June 9, 2017: Journal of Ethnopharmacology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28604999/percutaneous-cardiac-support-during-myocardial-infarction-drastically-reduces-mortality-perspectives-from-a-swine-model
#19
Maria Giovanna Trivella, Alessandra Piersigilli, Fabio Bernini, Gualtiero Pelosi, Silvia Burchielli, Stefano Puzzuoli, Claudia Kusmic, Antonio L'Abbate
BACKGROUND/AIMS: Acute myocardial infarction (AMI) with cardiogenic shock (CS) remains the leading cause of in-hospital death in acute coronary syndromes. In the AMI-CS pig model we tested the efficacy of temporary percutaneous cardiorespiratory assist device (PCRA) in rescuing the failing heart and reducing early mortality. METHODS: In open-chest pigs we induced AMI by proximal left anterior descending coronary artery (LAD) ligation. Eight animals without PCRA (C group) were compared with 12 animals otherwise treated with PCRA (T group), starting approximately at 60 minutes post-occlusion and lasting 120-180 minutes...
June 6, 2017: International Journal of Artificial Organs
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28604632/experimental-autoimmune-encephalomyelitis-eae-induced-elevated-expression-of-the-e1-isoform-of-methyl-cpg-binding-protein-2-mecp2e1-implications-in-multiple-sclerosis-ms-induced-neurological-disability-and-associated-myelin-damage
#20
Tina Khorshid Ahmad, Ting Zhou, Khaled AlTaweel, Claudia Cortes, Ryan Lillico, Ted Martin Lakowski, Kiana Gozda, Michael Peter Namaka
Multiple sclerosis (MS) is a chronic neurological disease characterized by the destruction of central nervous system (CNS) myelin. At present, there is no cure for MS due to the inability to repair damaged myelin. Although the neurotrophin brain derived neurotrophic factor (BDNF) has a beneficial role in myelin repair, these effects may be hampered by the over-expression of a transcriptional repressor isoform of methyl CpG binding protein 2 (MeCP2) called MeCP2E1. We hypothesize that following experimental autoimmune encephalomyelitis (EAE)-induced myelin damage, the immune system induction of the pathogenic MeCP2E1 isoform hampers the myelin repair process by repressing BDNF expression...
June 12, 2017: International Journal of Molecular Sciences
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