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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29679698/neurophysiological-and-neuroradiological-multimodal-approach-for-early-poor-outcome-prediction-after-cardiac-arrest
#1
Maenia Scarpino, Giovanni Lanzo, Francesco Lolli, Riccardo Carrai, Marco Moretti, Maddalena Spalletti, Morena Cozzolino, Adriano Peris, Aldo Amantini, Antonello Grippo
INTRODUCTION: Prognosticating outcome after cardiac arrest(CA) requires a multimodal approach. However, evidence regarding combinations of methods is limited. We evaluated whether the combination of electroencephalography(EEG), somatosensory evoked potentials(SEPs) and brain computed tomography(CT) could predict poor outcome. METHODS: We screened our database regarding patients successfully resuscitated after CA, for whom EEG, SEPs and brain CT were available within 24 hours...
April 18, 2018: Resuscitation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29679378/prominent-microglial-activation-in-cortical-white-matter-is-selectively-associated-with-cortical-atrophy-in-primary-progressive-aphasia
#2
Daniel T Ohm, Garam Kim, Tamar Gefen, Alfred Rademaker, Sandra Weintraub, Eileen Bigio, M-Marsel Mesulam, Emily Rogalski, Changiz Geula
AIMS: Primary progressive aphasia (PPA) is a clinical syndrome characterized by selective language impairments associated with focal cortical atrophy favouring the language dominant hemisphere. PPA is associated with Alzheimer's disease (AD), frontotemporal lobar degeneration (FTLD), and significant accumulation of activated microglia. Activated microglia can initiate an inflammatory cascade that may contribute to neurodegeneration, but their quantitative distribution in cortical white matter and their relationship with cortical atrophy are unknown...
April 21, 2018: Neuropathology and Applied Neurobiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29678865/economic-evaluation-of-quality-improvement-interventions-designed-to-improve-glycemic-control-in-diabetes-a-systematic-review-and-weighted-regression-analysis
#3
REVIEW
Teryl K Nuckols, Emmett Keeler, Laura J Anderson, Jonas Green, Sally C Morton, Brian J Doyle, Kanaka Shetty, Aziza Arifkhanova, Marika Booth, Roberta Shanman, Paul Shekelle
OBJECTIVE: Quality improvement (QI) interventions can improve glycemic control, but little is known about their value. We systematically reviewed economic evaluations of QI interventions for glycemic control among adults with type 1 or type 2 diabetes. RESEARCH DESIGN AND METHODS: We used English-language studies from high-income countries that evaluated organizational changes and reported program and utilization-related costs, chosen from PubMed, EconLit, Centre for Reviews and Dissemination, New York Academy of Medicine's Grey Literature Report, and WorldCat (January 2004 to August 2016)...
May 2018: Diabetes Care
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29678413/patient-access-to-medicines-in-two-countries-with-similar-health-systems-and-differing-medicines-policies-implications-from-a-comprehensive-literature-review
#4
REVIEW
Zaheer-Ud-Din Babar, Todd Gammie, Ali Seyfoddin, Syed Shahzad Hasan, Louise E Curley
BACKGROUND: Countries with similar health systems but different medicines policies might result in substantial medicines usage differences and resultant outcomes. The literature is sparse in this area. OBJECTIVE: To review pharmaceutical policy research in New Zealand and Australia and discuss differences between the two countries and the impact these differences may have on subsequent medicine access. METHODS: A review of the literature (2008-2016) was performed to identify relevant, peer-reviewed articles...
April 13, 2018: Research in Social & Administrative Pharmacy: RSAP
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29677255/the-relationship-of-health-insurance-and-mortality
#5
Michael R Grey
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
April 17, 2018: Annals of Internal Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29677218/correction-natal-and-breeding-philopatry-of-female-steller-sea-lions-in-southeastern-alaska
#6
Kelly K Hastings, Lauri A Jemison, Grey W Pendleton, Kimberly L Raum-Suryan, Kenneth W Pitcher
[This corrects the article DOI: 10.1371/journal.pone.0176840.].
2018: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29673362/problems-maintaining-collaborative-approaches-with-excluded-populations-in-a-randomised-control-trial-lessons-learned-implementing-housing-first-in-france
#7
Pauline Rhenter, Aurélie Tinland, Julien Grard, Christian Laval, Jean Mantovani, Delphine Moreau, Benjamin Vidaud, Tim Greacen, Pascal Auquier, Vincent Girard
BACKGROUND: In 2006, a local collective combating homelessness set up an 'experimental squat' in an abandoned building in Marseille, France's second largest city. They envisioned the squat as an alternative to conventional health and social services for individuals experiencing long-term homelessness and severe psychiatric disorders. Building on what they learned from the squat, some then joined a larger coalition that succeeded in convincing national government decision-makers to develop a scientific, intervention-based programme based on the Housing First model...
April 19, 2018: Health Research Policy and Systems
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29673231/mapping-european-welfare-models-state-of-the-art-of-strategies-for-professional-integration-and-reintegration-of-persons-with-chronic-diseases
#8
Chiara Scaratti, Matilde Leonardi, Fabiola Silvaggi, Carolina C Ávila, Amalia Muñoz-Murillo, Panayiota Stavroussi, Olga Roka, Helena Burger, Klemens Fheodoroff, Beata Tobiasz-Adamczyk, Carla Sabariego, Eva Esteban, Sonja Gruber, Olga Svestkova, Rune Halvorsen, Asel Kadyrbaeva, Sabrina Ferraina
Background: Persons with chronic diseases (PwCDs) often experience work-related problems, and innovative actions to improve their participation in the labor market are needed. In the frame of the European (EU) Pathways Project, the aim of the study is to compare existing strategies (policies, systems, and services) for professional (re-)integration of PwCDs and mental health conditions available at both European and national level between different European welfare models: Scandinavian, Continental, Anglo-Saxon, Mediterranean, and “Post-Communist”...
April 17, 2018: International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29672559/what-does-the-general-public-understand-about-prevention-and-treatment-of-dementia-a-systematic-review-of-population-based-surveys
#9
Monica Cations, Gorjana Radisic, Maria Crotty, Kate E Laver
OBJECTIVES: To synthesise results of population surveys assessing knowledge and attitudes about prevention and treatment of dementia. METHODS: MEDLINE, EMBASE, PsycINFO, and grey literature were searched for English language entries published between 2012 and May 2017. Survey questions were grouped using an inductive approach and responses were pooled. RESULTS: Thirty-four eligible studies and four grey literature items were identified. Surveys were conducted in Europe, the US, Eastern Asia, Israel, and Australia...
2018: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29670898/effects-of-withania-somnifera-on-reproductive-system-a-systematic-review-of-the-available-evidence
#10
REVIEW
Ramin Nasimi Doost Azgomi, Afshar Zomorrodi, Hossein Nazemyieh, Seyed Mohammad Bagher Fazljou, Homayoun Sadeghi Bazargani, Fatemeh Nejatbakhsh, Arezoo Moini Jazani, Yadollah Ahmadi AsrBadr
Introduction: Withania somnifera (WS) also known as ashwagandha is a well-known medicinal plant used in traditional medicine in many countries for infertility treatment. The present study was aimed at systemically reviewing therapeutic effects of WS on the reproductive system. Methods: This systematic review study was designed in 2016. Required data were obtained from PubMed, Scopus, Google Scholar, Cochrane Library, Science Direct, Web of Knowledge, Web of Science, and manual search of articles, grey literature, reference checking, and expert contact...
2018: BioMed Research International
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29669716/artificial-pancreas-treatment-for-outpatients-with-type-1-diabetes-systematic-review-and-meta-analysis
#11
Eleni Bekiari, Konstantinos Kitsios, Hood Thabit, Martin Tauschmann, Eleni Athanasiadou, Thomas Karagiannis, Anna-Bettina Haidich, Roman Hovorka, Apostolos Tsapas
OBJECTIVE: To evaluate the efficacy and safety of artificial pancreas treatment in non-pregnant outpatients with type 1 diabetes. DESIGN: Systematic review and meta-analysis of randomised controlled trials. DATA SOURCES: Medline, Embase, Cochrane Library, and grey literature up to 2 February 2018. ELIGIBILITY CRITERIA FOR SELECTING STUDIES: Randomised controlled trials in non-pregnant outpatients with type 1 diabetes that compared the use of any artificial pancreas system with any type of insulin based treatment...
April 18, 2018: BMJ: British Medical Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29667705/intellectual-disability-in-cerebral-palsy-a-population-based-retrospective-study
#12
Susan M Reid, Elaine M Meehan, Sarah J Arnup, Dinah S Reddihough
AIM: A population-based observational study design was used to describe the epidemiology of intellectual disability in cerebral palsy (CP) in terms of clinical and neuroimaging associations, and to report the impact of intellectual disability on utilization of health services and length of survival. METHOD: Population CP registry data were used to retrospectively assess the frequency of intellectual disability and strength of associations between intellectual disability and mobility, epilepsy, vision, hearing, communication, and neuroimaging patterns (n=1141)...
April 18, 2018: Developmental Medicine and Child Neurology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29667442/nutraceuticals-shedding-light-on-the-grey-area-between-pharmaceuticals-and-food
#13
Antonello Santini, Ettore Novellino
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
April 18, 2018: Expert Review of Clinical Pharmacology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29666203/efficacy-and-safety-of-pulmonary-application-of-corticosteroids-in-preterm-infants-with-respiratory-distress-syndrome-a-systematic-review-and-meta-analysis
#14
Mahin Delara, Bhupendrasinh F Chauhan, Mê-Linh Le, Ahmed M Abou-Setta, Ryan Zarychanski, Geert W 'tJong
BACKGROUND: Systemic corticosteroids as the frontline treatment of respiratory distress syndrome (RDS) in preterm infants are associated with adverse effects on growth and neurodevelopmental outcome, but the pulmonary administration of steroids may help prevent the development of bronchopulmonary dysplasia (BPD) without these side effects. OBJECTIVES: To evaluate the efficacy and safety of pulmonary application of corticosteroids in preterm infants with RDS. METHODS: MEDLINE, EMBASE, Cochrane Central Register of Controlled Trials, ClinicalTrials...
April 17, 2018: Archives of Disease in Childhood. Fetal and Neonatal Edition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29666129/preventing-emergency-department-ed-visits-and-hospitalisations-of-older-adults-with-cognitive-impairment-compared-with-the-general-senior-population-what-do-we-know-about-avoidable-incidents-results-from-a-scoping-review
#15
Mireille Gagnon-Roy, Benyahia Hami, Mélissa Généreux, Nathalie Veillette, Marie-Josée Sirois, Mary Egan, Véronique Provencher
OBJECTIVES: Older cognitively impaired adults present a higher risk of hospitalisation and mortality following a visit to the emergency department (ED). Better understanding of avoidable incidents is needed to prevent them and the associated ED presentations in community-dwelling adults. This study aimed to synthetise the actual knowledge concerning these incidents leading this population to ED presentation, as well as possible preventive measures to reduce them. DESIGN: A scoping review was performed according to the Arksey and O'Malley framework...
April 17, 2018: BMJ Open
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29666064/role-of-kinesiophobia-on-pain-disability-and-quality-of-life-in-people-suffering-from-chronic-musculoskeletal-pain-a-systematic-review
#16
REVIEW
Alejandro Luque-Suarez, Javier Martinez-Calderon, Deborah Falla
OBJECTIVE: (1) To explore the level of association between kinesiophobia and pain, disability and quality of life in people with chronic musculoskeletal pain (CMP) detected via cross-sectional analysis and (2) to analyse the prognostic value of kinesiophobia on pain, disability and quality of life in this population detected via longitudinal analyses. DESIGN: A systematic review of the literature including an appraisal of the risk of bias using the adapted Newcastle Ottawa Scale...
April 17, 2018: British Journal of Sports Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29665177/prosthodontic-complications-of-metal-ceramic-and-all-ceramic-complete-arch-fixed-implant-prostheses-with-minimum-5-years-mean-follow-up-period-a-systematic-review-and-meta-analysis
#17
REVIEW
Chi Kin Kenneth Wong, Unnati Narvekar, Haralampos Petridis
PURPOSE: The purpose of this systematic review and meta-analysis was to review and analyze the prosthodontic complications, survival, and success of metal-ceramic (MC) and all-ceramic (AC) complete-arch fixed implant dental prostheses (CFIDPs) with a minimum mean follow-up period of 5 years. METHODS: A structured literature search was conducted using 3 electronic databases (MEDLINE, the Cochrane Library, Web of Science) for clinical studies reporting on prosthodontic complications of metal-ceramic and/or all-ceramic CFIDPs published between 2000 and 2016...
April 17, 2018: Journal of Prosthodontics: Official Journal of the American College of Prosthodontists
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29664964/monitoring-for-myelopathic-progression-with-multiparametric-quantitative-mri
#18
Allan R Martin, Benjamin De Leener, Julien Cohen-Adad, Sukhvinder Kalsi-Ryan, David W Cadotte, Jefferson R Wilson, Lindsay Tetreault, Aria Nouri, Adrian Crawley, David J Mikulis, Howard Ginsberg, Eric M Massicotte, Michael G Fehlings
BACKGROUND: Patients with mild degenerative cervical myelopathy (DCM) are often managed non-operatively, and surgery is recommended if neurological progression occurs. However, detection of progression is often subjective. Quantitative MRI (qMRI) directly measures spinal cord (SC) tissue changes, detecting axonal injury, demyelination, and atrophy. This longitudinal study compared multiparametric qMRI with clinical measures of progression in non-operative DCM patients. METHODS: 26 DCM patients were followed...
2018: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29663987/-effects-of-hippo-signaling-on-anti-oxidative-stress-of-mesenchymal-stem-cells-in-vitro
#19
Lang Li, Liang Dong, Jiaojie Hui, Fei Gao, Qiuhui Wang, Lan Yang, Jiangqian Zhang, Jie Yan
OBJECTIVE: To explore the effects of Hippo signaling on anti-oxidative stress of mouse marrow mesenchymal stem cells (mMSCs) in vitro. METHODS: mMSCs derived from C57BL/6 mice were identified using fluorescence-activated cell sorting analysis and the capabilities of osteogenic, chondrogenic and adipogenic differentiation were evaluated. 2-deoxy-D-glucose (2-DG) or XMU-MP-1 was used to modulate Hippo signaling. Oxidative stress was induced by H2 O2 treatment and the effect of oxidative stress induced by H2 O2 on survival of mMSCs was evaluated using methyl thiazolyl tetrazolium (MTT) assay...
April 2018: Zhonghua Wei Zhong Bing Ji Jiu Yi Xue
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29663484/association-between-psychotropic-medications-and-presence-of-sleep-bruxism-a-systematic-review
#20
REVIEW
Gilberto Melo, Kamile Leonardi Dutra, Rubens Rodrigues Filho, Adriana de Oliveira Lira Ortega, André Luís Porporatti, Bruce Dick, Carlos Flores-Mir, Graziela De Luca Canto
The purpose of this study was to systematically review the literature for studies that investigated the association between use of psychotropic medications and presence of sleep bruxism (SB). Observational studies were selected in a two-phase process. Searches were performed on six electronic databases and a grey literature search was conducted on three databases. SB diagnosis was based on questionnaires or clinical examinations; no polysomnography exams were performed. Risk of bias was assessed using the Joanna Briggs Institute Critical Appraisal Checklist for Analytical Cross-Sectional Studies...
April 16, 2018: Journal of Oral Rehabilitation
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