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Skin surgery

Giuseppe Giudice, Angela Filoni, Giulio Maggio, Domenico Bonamonte, Michele Maruccia, Eleonora Nacchiero, Domenico Ribatti, Tiziana Annese, Michelangelo Vestita
We present a case of symmetrical thermal intermediate-deep burns treated in a case-control fashion with the stromal vascular fraction (SVF) obtained with the MyStem™ device and a scaffold of hyaluronic acid. After enzymatic debridement and SVF harvesting and application, we observed quicker healing (as assessed by wound area histogram planimetry) in the case area as opposed to the control one, which eventually underwent skin grafting. At the 3 months follow-up, the Vancouver Scar Scale was 9 for the case side and 10 for the control side, with a tendency to hypertrophic scarring in both areas, while patient satisfaction Visual Analogue Scale was 7 for the case side and 2 for the control side...
December 4, 2017: Journal of Burn Care & Research: Official Publication of the American Burn Association
Júlio C Castro, Pedro S Coltro, Lincoln S Millan, Fernanda B Corrêa, Jayme A Farina Junior
Some groups have avoided early microsurgical flaps in electrical burns under the pretext of injury to the microvasculature, which could increase vascular thrombosis. However, this option frequently results in amputation of the extremity. This study aims to evaluate the early application of microsurgical flaps for the treatment of electrical burns of extremities. A case series was retrospectively evaluated including patients with electrical trauma in extremities undergoing early microsurgical reconstruction...
December 4, 2017: Journal of Burn Care & Research: Official Publication of the American Burn Association
Yuuki Suematsu, Go Takeishi, Kiyotaka Yokogami, Hisao Uehara, Toshihiro Gi, Atsushi Yamashita, Yuichiro Sato, Hideo Takeshima
An epidermoid cyst is a benign tumor, accounting for 0.2-1.8% of all brain tumors. Histologically, an epidermoid cyst has a wall consisting of squamous epithelium with keratinization and without skin components. An epidermoid cyst tends to develop in the cerebellopontine angle(CPA), middle cranial fossa, pituitary fossa, spinal cord, and other locations. We describe a rare case of malignant transformation of an epidermoid cyst with cerebrospinal fluid(CSF)dissemination. A 54-year-old man was referred to our hospital with chief complaints of dysesthesia of the right leg, persisting for 6 months, and dizziness and dysarthria for 2 months...
June 2018: No Shinkei Geka. Neurological Surgery
Alexander R Cortez, Gianna D Katsaros, Vikrom K Dhar, F Thurston Drake, Timothy A Pritts, Jeffrey J Sussman, Michael J Edwards, R Cutler Quillin
BACKGROUND: Although overall operative volume has remained stable since the implementation of duty hours, more detailed analyses suggest shifts in the resident operative experience. Understanding these differences allows educators to better appreciate the impact of the current training environment on resident preparation for practice. METHODS: National Accreditation Council for Graduate Medical Education case logs from 1990 to 2016 were reviewed. Statistical analysis was performed using analysis of variance and linear regression analysis...
June 18, 2018: Surgery
Hiwa O Ahmed, Sarmad H Arif, Sabah Abid Abdulhakim, Aram Kakarash, Mohammad Amin Ali Omer, Aree Majid Nuri, Hallo H Omer, Hardi Kareem Jalal, Shahen H Omer, Nashadin Aziz Muhammad
BACKGROUND: The increasing incidence of morbid obesity suggests that the quantity of bariatric surgical procedures will continue to multiply each year, many patients who have experienced massive weight loss are left with the dissatisfying consequences of loose and redundant skin, resulting in contour irregularities, an aesthetic and functional problem, and profound dissatisfaction with appearance, residual body image dissatisfaction, There is a subsequent increase in the number of patients seeking additional corrective procedures including abdominoplasty which considered as one of the most popular body-contouring procedures...
June 18, 2018: International Journal of Surgery
Hisanori Shoji, Masahiko Motegi, Kiyotaka Osawa, Takayuki Asao, Hiroyuki Kuwano, Takeo Takahashi, Kyoji Ogoshi
The present study aimed to evaluate whether the neoadjuvant chemoradiation response with concurrent thermal therapy for the treatment of rectal cancer can be predicted following the first thermic treatment. Eighty patients with primary rectal adenocarcinoma (≤12 cm from the anal verge) were included in this study. Fifty-four received surgery and pathological response was evaluated. Intensity-modulated radiotherapy was administered conventionally once daily 5 times/week. Neoadjuvant radiotherapy consisted of 50 Gy delivered to the planning target volume in 25 fractions...
July 2018: Oncology Letters
Lin Zhang, Mingyan Zuo, Xinxin Ma, Youhong Dong
The effects of neoadjuvant chemotherapy on the minimum alveolar concentration (MAC) values of sevoflurane and desflurane in patients with hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC) complicated with jaundice were investigated. Eighty patients with HCC complicated with jaundice were selected. Forty patients underwent the neoadjuvant chemotherapy and were grouped into the desflurane group (Group D) and the sevoflurane group (Group S). Patients in all chemotherapy groups received 2 cycles of chemotherapy prior to surgery and underwent surgical treatment 3 weeks after chemotherapy...
July 2018: Oncology Letters
Ming-Rui Tang, Jia-Yan Guo, Di Wang, Nan Xu
Objective: Cutaneous melanoma (CM) is a common skin cancer. Surgery is still the primary treatment for CM, as melanoma is resistant to chemotherapy. In the recent years, it has been found that cancer stem-like cells (CSCs) are responsible for this drug resistance. CD24 is a widely used marker to isolate CSCs. In this study, we aimed to analyze the properties of CD24+ and CD24- subpopulation of melanoma cells. Materials and methods: We isolated CD24+ cells CSCs using magnetic-activated cell sorting system...
2018: OncoTargets and Therapy
Umesh Kumar, Pradeep Jain
Objective: The objective of the study was to determine the feasibility of infragluteal fasciocutaneous flap in recurrent ischial pressure sore. Materials and Methods: In our study, from 2015 to 2017, nine patients suffering from recurrent ischial sore with scars of previous surgery were managed with infragluteal fasciocutaneous flap. Wound bed was prepared by surgical debridement and negative pressure wound therapy in each case. In two cases, gracilis muscle flap was used as adjuvant to fill up the residual cavity...
January 2018: Indian Journal of Plastic Surgery: Official Publication of the Association of Plastic Surgeons of India
Rajan R Murgai, Edward Compton, Akash R Patel, Deirdre Ryan, Robert M Kay
BACKGROUND: Although postoperative cast immobilization is routinely used in children, it is not without complications. Few studies have focused on interventions to decrease their frequency. The purpose of this study was to determine if foam padding in postoperative lower extremity casts decreased the rate of cast complications. METHODS: A retrospective review of patients who underwent lower extremity casting after elective surgery at a tertiary pediatric hospital from 2006 to 2013 was conducted...
June 20, 2018: Journal of Pediatric Orthopedics
R S Dzhindzhikhadze, O N Dreval', V A Lazarev, A V Polyakov
AIM: Currently, there are many different surgical approaches to orbital pathology. This pathology rarely occurs in neurosurgical practice, and neurosurgeons have often used approaches that can be accompanied by negative cosmetic and functional outcomes. MATERIAL AND METHODS: We present a case report of orbital cavernoma removal via a minimally invasive approach. RESULTS: The presented case demonstrates successful removal of orbital cavernoma using the transpalpebral approach: a skin incision along a natural fold of the upper eyelid and orbitofrontal keyhole craniotomy...
2018: Zhurnal Voprosy Neĭrokhirurgii Imeni N. N. Burdenko
Labrinus van Manen, Jouke Dijkstra, Claude Boccara, Emilie Benoit, Alexander L Vahrmeijer, Michalina J Gora, J Sven D Mieog
INTRODUCTION: Tumor detection and visualization plays a key role in the clinical workflow of a patient with suspected cancer, both in the diagnosis and treatment. Several optical imaging techniques have been evaluated for guidance during oncological interventions. Optical coherence tomography (OCT) is a technique which has been widely evaluated during the past decades. This review aims to determine the clinical usefulness of OCT during cancer interventions focussing on qualitative features, quantitative features and the diagnostic value of OCT...
June 20, 2018: Journal of Cancer Research and Clinical Oncology
Juntaro Matsumoto, Toyohiko Isu, Kyongsong Kim, Naotaka Iwamoto, Kazuyoshi Yamazaki, Masanori Isobe
Superficial peroneal nerve (S-PN) entrapment neuropathy (S-PNEN) is comparatively rare and may be an elusive clinical entity. There is yet no established surgical procedure to treat idiopathic S-PNEN. We report our surgical treatment and clinical outcomes. We surgically treated 5 patients (6 sites) with S-PNEN. The 2 men and 3 women ranged in age from 67 to 91 years; one patient presented with bilateral leg involvement. Mean post-operative follow-up was 25.3 months. We recorded their symptoms before- and at the latest follow-up visit after surgery using a Numerical Rating Scale and the Japan Orthopedic Association score to evaluate the affected area...
June 20, 2018: Neurologia Medico-chirurgica
Tariane Friedrich Foiato, Bruno Rafael Kunz Bereza, Marcos Flávio Montenegro, Marina Riedi Guilherme, Larissa Beatriz Volski, Juliano Camargo Rebolho
BACKGROUND: Melanoma is one of the conditions with greater increase in incidence worldwide in recent decades. It is a skin cancer with potential high lethality and predominates in Caucasian adults. Treatment of primary cutaneous melanoma is essentially surgical and search for sentinel lymph node can modify the aggressiveness of the treatment. OBJECTIVE: To analyze the epidemiological profile of patients diagnosed with primary cutaneous melanoma, histopathological features and compare with literature data...
June 2018: Anais Brasileiros de Dermatologia
Tamara Hoffmann, Mariane Corrêa-Fissmer, Camila Soares Duarte, Rayane Felippe Nazário, Ana Beatriz Sanches Barranco, Karen Waleska Knipoff de Oliveira
BACKGROUND: Internal malignancies such as breast cancer, as well as their treatment can often result in skin changes. OBJECTIVE: To assess the prevalence of dermatological complaints in patients who are undergoing oncological treatment for breast cancer in a hospital in Tubarão, Santa Catarina, Brazil. METHODS: Observational, cross-sectional study, from October 2015 to February 2016 in which 152 patients with the diagnosis of breast cancer, undergoing treatment with chemotherapy, radiotherapy, hormone therapy and/or surgery, were interviewed and completed a research protocol developed by the author...
June 2018: Anais Brasileiros de Dermatologia
Ju-Hyang Lee, Kyung In Woo, Yoon-Duck Kim
PURPOSE: Undercorrected blepharoptosis can be encountered after frontalis sling operation. Revision surgery for undercorrection has commonly involved introducing a new sling material. We describe and evaluate a simple surgical technique to correct undercorrection by adjusting preexisting fascia. METHODS: This is a retrospective interventional case series of patients undergoing sling revision between February 2010 and February 2017. Skin incision was made on the previous incision line...
June 18, 2018: Ophthalmic Plastic and Reconstructive Surgery
Lauren E Jenkins, Loretta S Davis
BACKGROUND: Cyanoacrylates, also known as tissue adhesives or skin glues, are commonly used as sealants for lacerations and incisions and have found utility in excisional and cosmetic surgeries in both outpatient and operating room settings. OBJECTIVE: To review the surgical literature on the utilities, advantages, disadvantages, and special uses of cyanoacrylates applicable to dermatology. MATERIALS AND METHODS: PubMed was reviewed for relevant articles related to cyanoacrylates and their use in skin closures...
June 19, 2018: Dermatologic Surgery: Official Publication for American Society for Dermatologic Surgery [et Al.]
David R Busch, James Davis, Angela Kogler, Robert M Galler, Ashwin B Parthasarathy, Arjun G Yodh, Thomas F Floyd
The prevention and treatment of spinal cord injury are focused upon the maintenance of spinal cord blood flow, yet no technology exists to monitor spinal cord ischemia. We recently demonstrated continuous monitoring of spinal cord ischemia with diffuse correlation and optical spectroscopies using an optical probe. Prior to clinical translation of this technology, it is critically important to demonstrate the safety profile of spinal cord exposure to the required light. To our knowledge, this is the first report of in situ safety testing of such a monitor...
June 2018: Journal of Biomedical Optics
Jong Hun Lee, Yu Gil Park, Eun Soo Park
BACKGROUND: Botulinum toxin is used extensively, and its use for aesthetic indications in the lower face and neck is now becoming increasingly popular. It is the ideal alternative to surgical procedures for patients who are too young for facelift surgery or who are unwilling to take recuperation time. We review current approaches to BTX A treatment for horizontal neck lines. METHODS: Subjects were 20 women with an average age of 43 with mild to moderate horizontal neck lines but have had no treatment by BTX A for the past 3 months...
June 19, 2018: Aesthetic Plastic Surgery
Song Zhang, Hongyu Xue
BACKGROUND: The epicanthus, a lengthways cambered skinfold around the inner canthus, is particularly common in Orientals. The purpose of this study was to evaluate the surgical outcomes for patients with epicanthus after the application of a new surgical technique. METHODS: A total of 753 patients with epicanthus underwent epicanthoplasty in our hospital from October 2009 to March 2017 and were enrolled in this study. All patients were treated with upper arch flap combined with extended incision of the lower eyelid surgical method, and the effects of the surgery were assessed by photographic analysis and satisfaction surveys...
June 19, 2018: Aesthetic Plastic Surgery
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