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Emergency sonography

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29151003/lung-ultrasound-in-the-critically-ill-luci-a-translational-discipline
#1
Daniel A Lichtenstein, Manu L N G Malbrain
In the early days of ultrasound, it was not a translational discipline. The heart was claimed by cardiologists, with others, such as gynaecologists, urologists and vascular surgeons claiming their part while the rest was given to radiologists. Only recently, ultrasound transgressed and crossed the usual borders between the different disciplines, such as emergency and critical care medicine. The advent of portable machines in the early 1980s, allowed the critical care physician to perform bedside ultrasound, and the development of whole body critical care ultrasound (CCUS) was born...
November 18, 2017: Anaesthesiology Intensive Therapy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29146418/diagnostic-accuracy-of-the-extended-focused-abdominal-sonography-for-trauma-e-fast-performed-by-emergency-physicians-compared-to-computed-tomography
#2
Haldun Akoglu, Omer Faruk Celik, Ali Celik, Rabia Ergelen, Ozge Onur, Arzu Denizbasi
INTRODUCTION: The diagnostic accuracy of the FAST exam performed by EM residents were shown to be similar to radiology residents. However, in the last 2 decades, an extended-FAST (E-FAST) protocol including thoracic examination to exclude pneumo- and hemothorax was introduced. The accuracy of emergency physicians (EPs) while performing E-FAST is a less studied area, especially in Europe. The aim of this study was to compare the diagnostic accuracy of the E-FAST exam performed by EM residents with the results of CT scan as a gold standard...
November 8, 2017: American Journal of Emergency Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29079961/in-achilles-tendinopathy-the-neovascularization-detected-by-contrast-enhanced-ultrasound-ceus-is-abundant-but-not-related-to-symptoms
#3
Armanda De Marchi, Simona Pozza, Enzo Cenna, Franco Cavallo, Giorgia Gays, Luca Simbula, Paola De Petro, Alessandro Massè, Giuseppe Massazza
PURPOSE AND HYPOTHESIS: Mid-portion Achilles tendinopathy is characterized by a proliferation of small vessels, called neovascularization, which can be demonstrated by power Doppler sonography (PD). Neovascularization can be correlated with diagnosis and consequent therapies focused on vascular supply. Published data regarding the relationship between neovascularisation and symptoms, such as pain and disability, are contradictory. The hypothesis that contrast-enhanced ultrasound (CEUS) could detect with more sensibility than PD the new vessel ingrowth in human degenerated Achilles tendons and therefore the correlation of neovascularization with pain and disability, was evaluated...
October 27, 2017: Knee Surgery, Sports Traumatology, Arthroscopy: Official Journal of the ESSKA
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29075893/radiologic-evaluation-of-children-prior-to-swl-to-what-extent-they-are-exposed-to-radiation
#4
Bilal Eryildirim, Ozlem Turkoglu, Cemal Goktas, Ovunc Kavukoglu, Rasim Guzel, Kemal Sarica
The objective of this study is to evaluate the average radiation exposure in children with renal stones before SWL treatment. Mean radiation exposure values were evaluated in 110 children before SWL treatment. While some children referred to the emergency department (ED) with colic pain, remaining cases referred to outpatient department (OD). Although low-dose NCCT was performed in ED; KUB and abdominal sonography were first performed in other cases referring to OD where CT has been applied if needed. The type of imaging modality used and the mean radiation exposure were evaluated and comparatively evaluated with respect to the department referred, patient as well as stone related parameters...
October 26, 2017: Urolithiasis
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29028915/point-of-care-paediatric-gastric-sonography-can-antral-cut-off-values-be-used-to-diagnose-an-empty-stomach
#5
J J Moser, A M Walker, A O Spencer
Background: Gastric sonography is emerging as a valuable clinical point-of-care tool to assess aspiration risk. A recent study proposed that a single cut-off cross-sectional area (CSA) in the supine position could diagnose an empty stomach in the parturient. This study establishes the sensitivity and specificity of a single CSA cut-off measurement in both supine and right lateral decubitus (RLD) positions in the diagnosis of an empty antrum in paediatric patients. Methods: Following induction of anaesthesia, antral sonography was performed in supine and RLD positions in 100 fasted paediatric patients prior to upper endoscopic evaluation...
November 1, 2017: British Journal of Anaesthesia
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29018630/a-versatile-ultrasound-simulation-system-for-education-and-training-in-high-fidelity-emergency-scenarios
#6
Saverio Farsoni, Luca Astolfi, Marcello Bonfe, Savino Spadaro, Carlo Alberto Volta
Point of care ultrasonography and the related focused assessment with sonography for trauma protocol, if performed by experienced physicians, is a highly sensitive examination, and specific for the detection of free fluids. Different systems and methods have been proposed for training, including simulation as one of the most efficient. This paper presents an ultrasound training system, specifically designed to be used during bedside high fidelity simulation scenarios, that could facilitate the learning process...
2017: IEEE Journal of Translational Engineering in Health and Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28986709/uterine-artery-pseudoaneurysm-in-the-setting-of-deep-endometriosis-an-uncommon-cause-of-hemoperitoneum-in-pregnancy
#7
Zoe Feld, Tami Rowen, Andrew Callen, Ruth Goldstein, Liina Poder
Uterine, ovarian, and placental pathologies are among the differential considerations for a pregnant woman presenting with abdominal and pelvic pain. Imaging plays a key role in the initial work-up of these patients. Sonography is often the first line test; however, evaluation of pelvic pathology can be limited in the gravid state, especially in mid- or late-term pregnancy. We present a case of a pregnant woman who came to the emergency room at 25 weeks with acute abdominal and pelvic pain. Both ultrasound and MR imaging findings revealed intraperitoneal hemorrhage, initially of unknown origin, as well as endometriomas and deep endometriosis...
October 6, 2017: Emergency Radiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28952811/ct-in-the-evaluation-of-acute-injuries-of-the-anterior-eye-segment
#8
Khaled Gad, Eric L Singman, Rohini N Nadgir, David M Yousem, Jay J Pillai
OBJECTIVE: Slit-lamp ophthalmologic examination and ocular B-scan sonography of the globe are frequently constrained by technical limitations in the setting of traumatic orbital injury. The main purpose of this study was to evaluate the diagnostic performance of CT in acute anterior segment ocular injuries as an adjunctive diagnostic modality. MATERIALS AND METHODS: We retrospectively identified 122 patients who presented to the emergency department from April 2011 through April 2016 with recent direct trauma to the anterior segment of the eye...
September 27, 2017: AJR. American Journal of Roentgenology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28942415/confusion-and-abdominal-symptoms-following-a-rugby-tackle
#9
Demetris Ioannides, Madeleine Davies, Stefan Kluzek
A 19-year-old man was sent to the emergency department following a pitch-side assessment for suspected concussion, unexplained upper abdominal tenderness and vomiting, following a high-impact tackle during a rugby match. A Focussed Assessment with Sonography for Trauma (FAST) scan performed in the emergency department suggested intra-abdominal free fluid, and subsequent head and abdominal CT imaging showed no intracranial lesion but confirmed a significant haemoperitoneum due to large splenic tear and bleeding...
September 23, 2017: BMJ Case Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28880409/the-rate-of-cervical-length-shortening-in-the-management-of-vasa-previa
#10
Ron Maymon, Yaakov Melcer, Josef Tovbin, Marina Pekar-Zlotin, Noam Smorgick, Eric Jauniaux
OBJECTIVES: There is no consensus about the optimal surveillance strategy in women with a diagnosis of vasa previa. The aim of this study was to evaluate the role of the rate of change in cervical length measurements in the management of singleton pregnancies with a diagnosis of vasa previa. METHODS: We performed a retrospective case-control study of our databases for pregnancies with a prenatal diagnosis of vasa previa that were followed with transvaginal sonography for cervical length and evaluated the impact of the changes in cervical length on the need for emergency cesarean delivery...
September 7, 2017: Journal of Ultrasound in Medicine: Official Journal of the American Institute of Ultrasound in Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28830315/integrating-musculoskeletal-sonography-into-rehabilitation-therapists-experiences-with-training-and-implementation
#11
Julie McLaughlin Gray, Gelya Frank, Shawn C Roll
Musculoskeletal sonography is rapidly extending beyond radiology; however, best practices for successful integration into new practice contexts are unknown. This study explored non-physician experiences with the processes of training and integration of musculoskeletal sonography into rehabilitation. Qualitative data were captured through multiple sources, and iterative thematic analysis was used to describe two occupational therapists' experiences. The dominant emerging theme was competency, in three domains: technical, procedural, and analytical...
January 2017: OTJR: Occupation, Participation and Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28828025/endovascular-repair-of-the-traumatic-dissection-of-the-subclavian-axillary-artery-report-of-four-cases
#12
Mohammad Ali Ostovan, Javad Kojuri, Pooyan Dehghani
Traumatic injuries to the subclavian-axillary artery, although uncommon, are associated with high morbidity and mortality rates if not managed promptly. The emergence of endovascular techniques offers an alternative to the surgical management of these injuries. We herein present 4 cases of traumatic subclavian-axillary artery injury with limb ischemia successfully managed via the endovascular approach with non-covered self-expandable stents. We achieved excellent immediate results with limb salvage and without complications...
April 2017: Journal of Tehran Heart Center
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28818179/multiple-trauma-and-emergency-room-management
#13
Michael Frink, Philipp Lechler, Florian Debus, Steffen Ruchholtz
BACKGROUND: The care of severely injured patients remains a challenge. Their initial treatment in the emergency room is the essential link between first aid in the field and definitive in-hospital treatment. METHODS: We present important elements of the initial in-hospital care of severely injured patients on the basis of pertinent publications retrieved by a selective search in PubMed and the current German S3 guideline on the care of severely and multiply traumatized patients, which was last updated in 2016...
July 24, 2017: Deutsches Ärzteblatt International
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28814248/pediatric-abdominal-trauma
#14
Tim Lynch
Abdominal trauma is present in approximately 25% of pediatric patients with major trauma and is the most common cause of unrecognized fatal injury in children. Pediatric abdominal trauma is typically blunt in nature with the spleen being the most common organ injured. Non-operative management is employed in over 95% of patients. Penetrating injuries are less common but often require operative management. Knowledge of specific mechanisms of injury aids the clinician in the diagnosis of specific injuries. Computed tomography (CT) is the gold standard in the identification of intra-abdominal injury...
August 14, 2017: Current Pediatric Reviews
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28808735/-diagnostics-and-endovascular-treatment-of-venous-diseases
#15
L Kamper, A Altenburg, M Das, P Haage
In venous disease, acute thromboses and chronic venous insufficiency have the highest health economics relevance. Duplex sonography is the first line diagnostic assessment tool, while cross-sectional imaging is employed as a supplementary method. Due to the availability and examination times computed tomography is preferred in the emergency setting and is supplemented by magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) for specific questions. Endovascular treatment procedures are increasingly becoming available in addition to classical conservative treatment methods...
September 2017: Der Radiologe
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28794661/focused-assessment-with-sonography-for-trauma-current-perspectives
#16
REVIEW
Sorravit Savatmongkorngul, Sirote Wongwaisayawan, Rathachai Kaewlai
Focused assessment with sonography for trauma (FAST) is a part of resuscitation of trauma patients recommended by international panel consensus. The purpose of FAST is to identify free fluid, which necessarily means blood in acute trauma patients. In this article, the authors focused on various aspects of FAST in the emergency department, prehospital care, pediatric setting, training and general pearls/pitfalls. Detailed techniques and interpretation of FAST are beyond the scope of this article.
2017: Open Access Emergency Medicine: OAEM
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28758715/serial-sonographic-assessment-of-pulmonary-edema-in-patients-with-hypertensive-acute-heart-failure
#17
Jennifer L Martindale, Michael Secko, John F Kilpatrick, Ian S deSouza, Lorenzo Paladino, Andrew Aherne, Ninfa Mehta, Alyssa Conigiliaro, Richard Sinert
OBJECTIVES: Objective measures of clinical improvement in patients with acute heart failure (AHF) are lacking. The aim of this study was to determine whether repeated lung sonography could semiquantitatively capture changes in pulmonary edema (B-lines) in patients with hypertensive AHF early in the course of treatment. METHODS: We conducted a feasibility study in a cohort of adults with acute onset of dyspnea, severe hypertension in the field or at triage (systolic blood pressure ≥ 180 mm Hg), and a presumptive diagnosis of AHF...
July 31, 2017: Journal of Ultrasound in Medicine: Official Journal of the American Institute of Ultrasound in Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28718164/advances-in-imaging-in-prostate-and-bladder-cancer
#18
REVIEW
Abhishek Srivastava, Laura M Douglass, Victoria Chernyak, Kara L Watts
Recent advancements in urologic imaging techniques aim to improve the initial detection of urologic malignancies and subsequent recurrence and to more accurately stage disease. This allows the urologist to make better informed treatment decisions. In particular, exciting advances in the imaging of prostate cancer and bladder cancer have recently emerged including the use of dynamic, functional imaging with MRI and PET. In this review, we will explore these imaging modalities, in addition to new sonography techniques and CT, and how they hope to improve the diagnosis and management of prostate and bladder cancer...
September 2017: Current Urology Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28715155/asteroid-hyalosis-masquerading-as-vitreous-hemorrhage-on-point-of-care-sonography
#19
Penelope C Lema, Daniel Mantuani, Arun Nagdev, Srikar Adhikari
Point-of-care ocular sonography is frequently used in the emergency department to evaluate patients with vision disorders. We describe a case series of 3 patients who ultimately had a diagnosis of asteroid hyalosis, a lesser-known condition that on point-of-care sonography may be mistaken for vitreous hemorrhage. Asteroid hyalosis is considered a benign degenerative condition. In contrast, vitreous hemorrhage may be an ocular emergency that warrants an urgent ophthalmologic consultation if there is an underlying retinal tear or detachment...
July 17, 2017: Journal of Ultrasound in Medicine: Official Journal of the American Institute of Ultrasound in Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28639253/ultrasonography-in-trauma-a-nation-wide-cross-sectional-investigation
#20
Jesper Weile, Klaus Nielsen, Stine C Primdahl, Christian A Frederiksen, Christian B Laursen, Erik Sloth, Hans Kirkegaard
BACKGROUND: The Focused Assessment with Sonography in Trauma (FAST) protocol is considered beneficial in emergent evaluation of trauma patients with blunt or penetrating injury and has become integrated into the Advanced Trauma Life Support (ATLS) protocol. No guidelines exist as to the use of ultrasonography in trauma in Denmark. We aimed to determine the current use of ultrasonography for assessing trauma patients in Denmark. METHODS: We conducted a nation-wide cross-sectional investigation of ultrasonography usage in trauma care...
December 2017: Critical Ultrasound Journal
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