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Emergency sonography

Natalie Yu Yi Ng, Hannah Hui En Ang, Jacqueline Chieh Ling Tan, Weng Hoe Ho, Win Sen Kuan, Mui Teng Chua
PURPOSE: We aim to determine whether the combination of regional tissue oxygen saturation (StO2 ) measurement using near-infrared spectroscopy (NIRS), inferior vena cava (IVC) collapsibility and ejection fraction (EF) is able to detect occult sepsis. METHODS: We included adult patients in the emergency department with at least one of the following: fever; any one component of the quick sepsis-related organ function assessment (SOFA) score; heart rate≥100 beats per minute; or white cell count <4...
February 27, 2018: American Journal of Emergency Medicine
Babak Shekarchi, Seyed Zia Hejripour Rafsanjani, Nima Shekar Riz Fomani, Mojtaba Chahardoli
Introduction: Using bedside ultrasound in diagnosing acute cholecystitis in the emergency department (ED) can save time, help the decision making process and allocate resources wisely. This study aimed to evaluate the diagnostic accuracy of bedside right upper quadrant (RUQ) ultrasonography in detection of acute cholecystitis. Method: In this diagnostic accuracy study, patients presenting to ED, suffering from RUQ pain in favor of acute cholecystitis underwent RUQ ultrasonography in emergency and radiology departments and interrater agreement between reports was calculated...
2018: Emergency (Tehran, Iran)
Robert P Jamplis, Lucas Friedman, Srikar Adhikari
A 28-year-old male was brought to the emergency department by the Emergency medical services (EMS) after being found unconscious and unresponsive. Upon arrival, he was hypotensive, intubated with a Glasgow Coma Scale (GCS) 3T, without the signs of trauma or the evidence of bleeding. A focused assessment with sonography in trauma (FAST), point-of-care ultrasound (POCUS) was performed, obscuring part of the spleen from the distended stomach, which was filled with the heterogeneous contents, with the internal movement being identified...
December 17, 2017: Curēus
Luan Geraldo Ocaña Oliveira, Debora Tagliari, Mariana Juliato Becker, Thiago Adame, José Cruvinel Neto, Fernando Antônio Campelo Spencer Netto
OBJECTIVE: to verify the efficiency and usefulness of basic ultrasound training in trauma (FAST - Focused Assessment with Sonography in Trauma) for emergency physicians in the primary evaluation of abdominal trauma. METHODS: a longitudinal and observational study was carried out from 2015 to 2017, with 11 emergency physicians from Hospital Universitário do Oeste do Paraná, submitted to ultrasound training in emergency and trauma (USET® - SBAIT). FAST results started to be collected two months after the course...
February 19, 2018: Revista do Colégio Brasileiro de Cirurgiões
Shahriar Najafizadeh-Sari, Hamidreza Mehdizadeh, Mohammad Sadegh Bagheri-Baghdasht, Shahram Manoochehry
Scrotal pain presentation has many differential diagnoses such as testicular torsion is surgical emergency. For this reason, it is necessary for surgeons to differentiate between diseases for choosing the best treatment approach. We have reported a rare condition of 19-year-old male case had an atypical scrotal pain presentation of appendicitis. He was admitted to emergency service with 4 days history of pain in abdomen and testis. In physical examination, there is tenderness in right lower quadrant, right inguinal region and scrotum...
October 2017: Journal of Surgical Case Reports
Caroline Busche, Hans-Jörg Busch, Guido Michels
The use of Point-of-care ultrasonography (POC Ultrasonography) is getting more and more important in the bedside care of patients, especially in emergency- and intensive care units. In addition to the focused sonography of the heart, lungs and abdomen, the POC Ultrasonography recently includes also cases in prehospital care. Increasingly special applications in intensive care, e.g. the assessment of weaning from mechanical ventilation or evaluation of the hemodynamics of a patient by means of sonographic control, gain meaning...
February 2018: Deutsche Medizinische Wochenschrift
Nur Betül Tekiner, Berna Aslan Çetin, Lale Susan Türkgeldi, Gökçe Yılmaz, İbrahim Polat, Ali Gedikbaşı
BACKGROUND: We aimed to determine if there is a difference in the size of the cesarean scar defect using saline infusion sonography (SIS) performed on the postoperative third month in patients who underwent single- or double-layered unlocked closure of their uterine incision during their first cesarean delivery. METHODS: This study was conducted as a prospective cross-sectional study between February 2015 and January 2016 in patients admitted to the labour ward of the Kanuni Sultan Suleyman Training and Research Hospital who subsequently underwent their first delivery by cesarean section...
February 3, 2018: Archives of Gynecology and Obstetrics
Jeehyun Kim, Kipum Kim, Jungwan Kim, Jungwoo Yoo, Wonjoon Jeong, Sunguk Cho, Kihyuk Joo, Yongchul Cho, Jinwoong Lee, Seung Ryu, Yeonho Yoo
PURPOSE: Ultrasonography (US) has good accuracy for diagnosing appendicitis when it is performed by emergency physicians. This study aimed to determine the amount of experience that is required to achieve competency in this field. METHODS: Three novice emergency medicine residents completed a 1-day training course regarding the US diagnosis of appendicitis. Then, they performed appendix US in the emergency department on patients complaining of right lower quadrant pain...
January 5, 2018: Journal of Clinical Ultrasound: JCU
Peiman Nazerian, Sofia Bigiarini, Rudi Pecci, Lucia Taurino, Marco Moretti, Andrea Pavellini, Elisa Capretti, Stefano Grifoni, Simone Vanni
We evaluated the role of vertebral artery extracranial color-coded duplex sonography (VAECCS) in predicting vertebrobasilar stroke in consecutive patients presenting to the emergency department with vertigo of suspected ischemic origin. The final diagnosis was established by a panel of experts consisting of an emergency physician, a neurologist, and an otoneurologist. Vertebrobasilar stroke was diagnosed when an acute brain ischemic lesion congruent with symptoms was detected by neuroimaging during the index visit or a stroke was diagnosed within a 3-mo period after emergency department presentation...
March 2018: Ultrasound in Medicine & Biology
Christopher Dang, Eitan Dickman, Mark O Tessaro, Pranjal Patel, Maxim Dzeba, Antonios Likourezos, Illya Pushkar, Peter Homel, Lawrence E Haines
OBJECTIVE: Emergency Department patients with abdominal pain may require both an ultrasound (US) and computed tomography (CT) for an accurate diagnosis. Patients are often asked to drink oral radiocontrast while awaiting ultrasound, in order to better expedite a CT in the case of a non-diagnostic US. The impact of oral radiocontrast on US image quality has not been studied. We compared the quality of US images obtained before and after the ingestion of oral radiocontrast in healthy adult volunteers...
November 20, 2017: American Journal of Emergency Medicine
Carolynne J Cormack, Peter R Coombs, Kate E Guskich, Gabriel E Blecher, Neil Goldie, Ronnie Ptasznik
INTRODUCTION: Point-of-care ultrasound (PoCUS) is a rapidly growing area, providing physicians with a valuable diagnostic tool for patient assessment. This paper describes a collaborative model, utilising radiology department ultrasound expertise, to train and credential physicians in PoCUS. A 6-year experience of the implementation and outcomes of the programme established within the emergency departments of a large, multi-campus hospital network are presented. METHODS: A collaborative model was initially developed and implemented between radiology and emergency departments...
December 13, 2017: Journal of Medical Imaging and Radiation Oncology
Adel Hamed Elbaih, Sameh T Abu-Elela
PURPOSE: The emergency physicians face significant clinical uncertainty when multiple trauma patients arrive in the emergency department (ED). The priorities for assessment and treatment of polytrauma patients are established in the primary survey. Focused assessment with sonography for trauma (FAST) is very essential clinical skill during trauma resuscitation. Use of point of care ultrasound among the trauma team working in the primary survey in emergency care settings is lacking in Suez Canal University Hospitals even ultrasound machine not available in ED...
December 2017: Chinese Journal of Traumatology, Zhonghua Chuang Shang za Zhi
Christopher Hohmann, Konrad R Koch, Roman Pfister, Guido Michels
History and clinical findings  Here, we present the case history of a 76-year old man with out-of-hospital cardiac arrest due to a cardiogenic shock and a consecutive no-flow-time of approximately 10 minutes. After 25 minutes of resuscitation procedures a spontaneous return of circulation could be established. The patient was admitted to our center for emergency coronary angiography. After coronary stenting the patient was admitted to our intensive care unit and treated in accordance with the guidelines on cardiogenic shock due to myocardial infarction...
December 2017: Deutsche Medizinische Wochenschrift
V Larouche, M Tamilia
Enteroviruses, including coxsackieviruses and Echovirus, are well known pathogens responsible for the development of thyroiditis. We describe the case of a 49-year-old woman with no personal or family history of thyroid disease who presented to the emergency room with a two-week history of daily fevers up to 39°C, a sore throat, occasional palpitations and diaphoresis, decreased appetite and an unintentional 10 kg weight loss over the same time course Physical examination revealed mild tachycardia, an intention tremor and a normal-sized, nontender thyroid gland without palpable nodules...
2017: Endocrinology, Diabetes & Metabolism Case Reports
Daniel A Lichtenstein, Manu L N G Malbrain
In the early days of ultrasound, it was not a translational discipline. The heart was claimed by cardiologists, with others, such as gynaecologists, urologists and vascular surgeons claiming their part while the rest was given to radiologists. Only recently, ultrasound transgressed and crossed the usual borders between the different disciplines, such as emergency and critical care medicine. The advent of portable machines in the early 1980s, allowed the critical care physician to perform bedside ultrasound, and the development of whole body critical care ultrasound (CCUS) was born...
2017: Anaesthesiology Intensive Therapy
Haldun Akoglu, Omer Faruk Celik, Ali Celik, Rabia Ergelen, Ozge Onur, Arzu Denizbasi
INTRODUCTION: The diagnostic accuracy of the FAST exam performed by EM residents were shown to be similar to radiology residents. However, in the last 2 decades, an extended-FAST (E-FAST) protocol including thoracic examination to exclude pneumo- and hemothorax was introduced. The accuracy of emergency physicians (EPs) while performing E-FAST is a less studied area, especially in Europe. The aim of this study was to compare the diagnostic accuracy of the E-FAST exam performed by EM residents with the results of CT scan as a gold standard...
November 8, 2017: American Journal of Emergency Medicine
Armanda De Marchi, Simona Pozza, Enzo Cenna, Franco Cavallo, Giorgia Gays, Luca Simbula, Paola De Petro, Alessandro Massè, Giuseppe Massazza
PURPOSE AND HYPOTHESIS: Mid-portion Achilles tendinopathy is characterized by a proliferation of small vessels, called neovascularization, which can be demonstrated by power Doppler sonography (PD). Neovascularization can be correlated with diagnosis and consequent therapies focused on vascular supply. Published data regarding the relationship between neovascularisation and symptoms, such as pain and disability, are contradictory. The hypothesis that contrast-enhanced ultrasound (CEUS) could detect with more sensibility than PD the new vessel ingrowth in human degenerated Achilles tendons and therefore the correlation of neovascularization with pain and disability, was evaluated...
October 27, 2017: Knee Surgery, Sports Traumatology, Arthroscopy: Official Journal of the ESSKA
Bilal Eryildirim, Ozlem Turkoglu, Cemal Goktas, Ovunc Kavukoglu, Rasim Guzel, Kemal Sarica
The objective of this study is to evaluate the average radiation exposure in children with renal stones before SWL treatment. Mean radiation exposure values were evaluated in 110 children before SWL treatment. While some children referred to the emergency department (ED) with colic pain, remaining cases referred to outpatient department (OD). Although low-dose NCCT was performed in ED; KUB and abdominal sonography were first performed in other cases referring to OD where CT has been applied if needed. The type of imaging modality used and the mean radiation exposure were evaluated and comparatively evaluated with respect to the department referred, patient as well as stone related parameters...
October 26, 2017: Urolithiasis
J J Moser, A M Walker, A O Spencer
Background: Gastric sonography is emerging as a valuable clinical point-of-care tool to assess aspiration risk. A recent study proposed that a single cut-off cross-sectional area (CSA) in the supine position could diagnose an empty stomach in the parturient. This study establishes the sensitivity and specificity of a single CSA cut-off measurement in both supine and right lateral decubitus (RLD) positions in the diagnosis of an empty antrum in paediatric patients. Methods: Following induction of anaesthesia, antral sonography was performed in supine and RLD positions in 100 fasted paediatric patients prior to upper endoscopic evaluation...
November 1, 2017: British Journal of Anaesthesia
Saverio Farsoni, Luca Astolfi, Marcello Bonfe, Savino Spadaro, Carlo Alberto Volta
Point of care ultrasonography and the related focused assessment with sonography for trauma protocol, if performed by experienced physicians, is a highly sensitive examination, and specific for the detection of free fluids. Different systems and methods have been proposed for training, including simulation as one of the most efficient. This paper presents an ultrasound training system, specifically designed to be used during bedside high fidelity simulation scenarios, that could facilitate the learning process...
2017: IEEE Journal of Translational Engineering in Health and Medicine
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