keyword
MENU ▼
Read by QxMD icon Read
search

andy

keyword
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29356395/environmental-calcium-regulates-gill-remodeling-in-a-euryhaline-teleost-fish
#1
Alexis Platek, Andy J Turko, Andrew Donini, Scott Kelly, Patricia A Wright
Some cyprindid and cyprinidontiform fishes undergo gill remodeling via the proliferation or regression of an interlamellar cell mass (ILCM), resulting in the modification of gill surface area in response to environmental hypoxia or ion levels. We hypothesized that ion-related gill remodeling is regulated by water hardness through the interactions of Ca2+ with tight junctions, predicting that gills will exhibit a lower ILCM and more surface area in a high Ca2+ environment than in a low Ca2+ environment. To test this hypothesis, we acclimated euryhaline mangrove rivulus (Kryptolebias marmoratus) to natural hard water ([Ca2+] = 2...
February 2017: Journal of Experimental Zoology. Part A, Ecological and Integrative Physiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29356243/major-limitations-to-achieving-4-per-1000%C3%A2-increases-in-soil-organic-carbon-stock-in-temperate-regions-evidence-from-long-term-experiments-at-rothamsted-research-uk
#2
Paul Poulton, Johnny Johnston, Andy MacDonald, Rodger White, David Powlson
We evaluated the "4 per 1000″ initiative for increasing soil organic carbon (SOC) by analysing rates of SOC increase in treatments in 16 long-term experiments in south-east UK. The initiative sets a goal for SOC stock to increase by 4‰ yr-1 in the 0-40 cm soil depth, continued over 20 years. Our experiments, on 3 soil types, provided 114 treatment comparisons over 7-157 years. Treatments included organic additions (incorporated by inversion ploughing), N fertilizers, introducing pasture leys into continuous arable systems, and converting arable land to woodland...
January 21, 2018: Global Change Biology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29355588/resting-state-functional-connectivity-of-neurotransmitter-producing-sites-in-female-patients-with-borderline-personality-disorder
#3
Gerd Wagner, Annegret Krause-Utz, Feliberto de la Cruz, Andy Schumann, Christian Schmahl, Karl-Jürgen Bär
Impulsive behavior, difficulties in controlling anger and suicidal behavior are typical patterns of affective/behavioral dysregulation in patients with borderline personality disorder (BPD). Previous functional MRI studies in the resting state condition demonstrated altered functional connectivity (FC) between the anterior cingulate cortex (ACC) and the frontoparietal executive control network (ECN), which was significantly associated with impulsivity in BPD. Impulsivity is often defined as a function of inhibitory control, strongly relying on the proper functioning of the fronto-cingulo-striatal network...
January 17, 2018: Progress in Neuro-psychopharmacology & Biological Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29352654/resistance-training-during-a-12-week-protein-supplemented-vlcd-treatment-enhances-weight-loss-outcomes-in-obese-patients
#4
Edward Jo, Phillip R Worts, Marcus L Elam, Ann Frost Brown, Andy V Khamoui, Do-Houn Kim, Ming-Chia Yeh, Michael J Ormsbee, Carla M Prado, Angelina Cain, Katie Snyder, Jeong-Su Kim
BACKGROUND: This investigation evaluated the efficacy by which resistance training enhances body composition, metabolic, and functional outcomes for obese patients undergoing a 12-week medically supervised hypocaloric treatment. METHODS: This was a single-blind, randomized, parallel-group prospective trial. Morbidly obese patients were prescribed a 12-week proprietary very low calorie diet (VLCD) treatment (Optifast®) with supplemental protein (1120 kcals/day) and were placed in one of two groups for 14 weeks: 1) Standard Treatment Control (CON) (n = 5) or 2) Resistance Training (RT) (n = 6)...
December 23, 2017: Clinical Nutrition: Official Journal of the European Society of Parenteral and Enteral Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29348004/predictors-and-clinical-outcomes-of-next-day-discharge-after-minimalist-transfemoral-transcatheter-aortic-valve%C3%A2-replacement
#5
Norihiko Kamioka, John Wells, Patricia Keegan, Stamatios Lerakis, Jose Binongo, Frank Corrigan, Jose Condado, Ateet Patel, Jessica Forcillo, Leslie Ogburn, Andy Dong, Hope Caughron, Amy Simone, Bradley Leshnower, Chandan Devireddy, Kreton Mavromatis, Robert Guyton, James Stewart, Vinod Thourani, Peter C Block, Vasilis Babaliaros
OBJECTIVES: This study sought to investigate predictors and safety of next-day discharge (NDD) after transcatheter aortic valve replacement (TAVR). BACKGROUND: Information about predictors and safety of NDD after TAVR is limited. METHODS: The study reviewed 663 consecutive patients who underwent elective balloon-expandable TAVR (from July 2014 to July 2016) at our institution. We first determined predictors of NDD in patients who underwent minimalist transfemoral TAVR...
January 22, 2018: JACC. Cardiovascular Interventions
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29347977/expansion-of-cytochrome-p450-and-cathepsin-genes-in-the-generalist-herbivore-brown-marmorated-stink-bug
#6
Raman Bansal, Andy Michel
BACKGROUND: The brown marmorated stink bug (Halyomorpha halys) is an invasive pest in North America which causes severe economic losses on tree fruits, ornamentals, vegetables, and field crops. The H. halys is an extreme generalist and this feeding behaviour may have been a major contributor behind its establishment and successful adaptation in invasive habitats of North America. To develop an understanding into the mechanism of H. halys' generalist herbivory, here we specifically focused on genes putatively facilitating its adaptation on diverse host plants...
January 18, 2018: BMC Genomics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29344729/sodium-bicarbonate-supplementation-improves-severe-intensity-intermittent-exercise-under-moderate-acute-hypoxic-conditions
#7
Sanjoy K Deb, Lewis A Gough, S Andy Sparks, Lars R McNaughton
Acute moderate hypoxic exposure can substantially impair exercise performance, which occurs with a concurrent exacerbated rise in hydrogen cation (H+) production. The purpose of this study was therefore, to alleviate this acidic stress through sodium bicarbonate (NaHCO3) supplementation and determine the corresponding effects on severe-intensity intermittent exercise performance. Eleven recreationally active individuals participated in this randomised, double-blind, crossover study performed under acute normobaric hypoxic conditions (FiO2% = 14...
January 17, 2018: European Journal of Applied Physiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29341597/the-wyl-domain-of-the-pif1-helicase-from-the-thermophilic-bacterium-thermotoga-elfii-is-an-accessory-single-stranded-dna-binding-module
#8
Nicholas M Andis, Christopher W Sausen, Ashna Alladin, Matthew Bochman
PIF1 family helicases are conserved from bacteria to man. With the exception of the well-studied yeast PIF1 helicases (e.g., ScPif1 and ScRrm3), however, very little is known about how these enzymes help maintain genome stability. Indeed, we lack a basic understanding of the protein domains found N- and C-terminal to the characteristic central PIF1 helicase domain in these proteins. Here, using chimeric constructs, we show that the ScPif1 and ScRrm3 helicase domains are interchangeable and that the N-terminus of ScRrm3 is important for its function in vivo...
January 17, 2018: Biochemistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29340957/spontaneous-isomerization-of-peptide-cation-radicals-following-electron-transfer-dissociation-revealed-by-uv-vis-photodissociation-action-spectroscopy
#9
Naruaki Imaoka, Camille Houferak, Megan P Murphy, Huong T H Nguyen, Andy Dang, František Tureček
Peptide cation radicals of the z-type were produced by electron transfer dissociation (ETD) of peptide dications and studied by UV-Vis photodissociation (UVPD) action spectroscopy. Cation radicals containing the Asp (D), Asn (N), Glu (E), and Gln (Q) residues were found to spontaneously isomerize by hydrogen atom migrations upon ETD. Canonical N-terminal [z4 + H]+● fragment ion-radicals of the R-C●H-CONH- type, initially formed by N-Cα bond cleavage, were found to be minor components of the stable ion fraction...
January 16, 2018: Journal of the American Society for Mass Spectrometry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29339754/baicalin-modulates-nf-%C3%AE%C2%BAb-and-nlrp3-inflammasome-signaling-in-porcine-aortic-vascular-endothelial-cells-infected-by-haemophilus-parasuis-causing-gl%C3%A3-sser-s-disease
#10
Shulin Fu, Huashan Liu, Lei Xu, Yinsheng Qiu, Yu Liu, Zhongyuan Wu, Chun Ye, Yongqing Hou, Chien-An Andy Hu
Haemophilus parasuis (H. parasuis) can cause vascular inflammatory injury, but the molecular basis of this effect remains unclear. In this study,we investigated the effect of the anti-inflammatory, anti-microbial and anti-oxidant agent, baicalin, on the nuclear factor (NF)-κB and NLRP3 inflammasome signaling pathway in pig primary aortic vascular endothelial cells. Activation of the NF-κB and NLRP3 inflammasome signaling pathway was induced in H. parasuis-infected cells. However, baicalin reduced the production of reactive oxygen species, apoptosis, and activation of the NF-κB and NLRP3 inflammasome signaling pathway in infected cells...
January 16, 2018: Scientific Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29338047/amino-acid-substitutions-affecting-aspartic-acid-605-and-valine-606-decrease-the-interaction-strength-between-the-influenza-virus-rna-polymerase-pb2-627-domain-and-the-viral-nucleoprotein
#11
Ho-Pan Hsia, Yin-Hua Yang, Wun-Chung Szeto, Benjamin E Nilsson, Chun-Yeung Lo, Andy Ka-Leung Ng, Ervin Fodor, Pang-Chui Shaw
The influenza virus RNA genome is transcribed and replicated in the context of the viral ribonucleoprotein (vRNP) complex by the viral RNA polymerase. The nucleoprotein (NP) is the structural component of the vRNP providing a scaffold for the viral RNA. In the vRNP as well as during transcription and replication the viral polymerase interacts with NP but it is unclear which parts of the polymerase and NP mediate these interactions. Previously the C-terminal '627' domain (amino acids 538-693) of PB2 was shown to interact with NP...
2018: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29336939/examination-of-serum-hematinics-and-autoantibodies-is-important-for-treatment-of-recurrent-aphthous-stomatitis
#12
Chun-Pin Chiang, Julia Yu-Fong Chang, Andy Sun
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
January 12, 2018: Journal of the Formosan Medical Association, Taiwan Yi Zhi
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29336303/keratinocytes-mediate-innocuous-and-noxious-touch-via-atp-p2x4-signaling
#13
Francie Moehring, Ashley M Cowie, Anthony D Menzel, Andy D Weyer, Michael Grzybowski, Thiago Arzua, Aron M Geurts, Oleg Palygin, Cheryl L Stucky
The first point of our body's contact with tactile stimuli (innocuous and noxious) is the epidermis, the outermost layer of skin that is largely composed of keratinocytes. Here, we sought to define the role that keratinocytes play in touch sensation in vivo and ex vivo. We show that optogenetic inhibition of keratinocytes decreases behavioral and cellular mechanosensitivity. These processes are inherently mediated by ATP signaling, as demonstrated by complementary cutaneous ATP release and degradation experiments...
January 16, 2018: ELife
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29335541/modulation-of-uvb-induced-carcinogenesis-by-activation-of-alternative-dna-repair-pathways
#14
Yan Sha, Vladimir Vartanian, Nichole Owen, Stephanie J Mengden Koon, Marcus J Calkins, Courtney S Thompson, Zahra Mirafzali, Sara Mir, Lisa E Goldsmith, Huaping He, Chun Luo, Scott M Brown, Paul W Doetsch, Andy Kaempf, Jeong Y Lim, Amanda K McCullough, R Stephen Lloyd
The molecular basis for ultraviolet (UV) light-induced nonmelanoma and melanoma skin cancers centers on cumulative genomic instability caused by inefficient DNA repair of dipyrimidine photoproducts. Inefficient DNA repair and subsequent translesion replication past these DNA lesions generate distinct molecular signatures of tandem CC to TT and C to T transitions at dipyrimidine sites. Since previous efforts to develop experimental strategies to enhance the repair capacity of basal keratinocytes have been limited, we have engineered the N-terminally truncated form (Δ228) UV endonuclease (UVDE) from Schizosaccharomyces pombe to include a TAT cell-penetrating peptide sequence with or without a nuclear localization signal (NLS): UVDE-TAT and UVDE-NLS-TAT...
January 15, 2018: Scientific Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29335017/effect-of-laparoscopy-by-single-port-endoscopic-access-in-benign-adnexal-surgery-study-protocol-for-a-randomized-controlled-trial
#15
Andy Schmitt, Patrice Crochet, Karine Baumstark, Claire Tourette, Sabine Poizac, Audrey Pivano, Léon Boubli, Ludovic Cravello, Aubert Agostini
BACKGROUND: Laparoscopic surgery has become the preferred surgical approach due to a reduction in postoperative pain, better recovery, shorter hospitalization, and improved esthetic outcomes. Laparoscopic surgery with single-port laparoscopy (SPL) is a laparoscopic surgery technique that is based on making a single parietal incision using a single trocar specifically designed to allow introduction of several instruments. The level of evidence regarding the advantages of SPL in terms of postoperative pain has remained low despite several randomized studies...
January 15, 2018: Trials
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29333721/carbohydrate-dose-influences-liver-and-muscle-glycogen-oxidation-and-performance-during-prolonged-exercise
#16
Andy J King, John P O'Hara, Douglas J Morrison, Tom Preston, Roderick F G J King
This study investigated the effect of carbohydrate (CHO) dose and composition on fuel selection during exercise, specifically exogenous and endogenous (liver and muscle) CHO oxidation. Ten trained males cycled in a double-blind randomized order on 5 occasions at 77% V˙O2max for 2 h, followed by a 30-min time-trial (TT) while ingesting either 60 g·h-1 (LG) or 75 g·h-113 C-glucose (HG), 90 g·h-1 (LGF) or 112.5 g·h-113 C-glucose-13 C-fructose ([2:1] HGF) or placebo. CHO doses met or exceed reported intestinal transporter saturation for glucose and fructose...
January 2018: Physiological Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29331330/pc-facs-january-3-2018
#17
Andie Bernard
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
January 10, 2018: Journal of Pain and Symptom Management
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29330958/do-muscles-constrain-skull-shape-evolution-in-strepsirrhines
#18
Anne-Claire Fabre, Jonathan M G Perry, Adam Hartstone-Rose, AuróLien Lowie, Andy Boens, MaÏtena Dumont
Despite great interest and decades of research, the musculoskeletal relationships of the masticatory system in primates are still not fully understood. However, without a clear understanding of the interplay between muscles and bones it remains difficult to understand the functional significance of morphological traits of the skeleton. Here, we aim to study the impacts of the masticatory muscles on the shape of the cranium and the mandible as well as their co-variation in strepsirrhine primates. To do so, we use 3D geometric morphometric approaches to assess the shape of each bone of the skull of 20 species for which muscle data are available in the literature...
February 2018: Anatomical Record: Advances in Integrative Anatomy and Evolutionary Biology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29328220/fabrication-of-optical-vortex-lattices-based-on-holographic-polymer-dispersed-liquid-crystal-films
#19
Andy Ying Guey Fuh, Yi-Lin Tsai, Ching-Han Yang, Shing Trong Wu
This Letter demonstrates optical vortex lattices based on holographic polymer-dispersed liquid crystal (HPDLC) films. The fabrication method uses a phase-only reflective spatial light modulator with numerically calculated phase profiles loaded on it to simplify multi-helical-wave interference. The beam profiles of the diffraction beams are simulated using the Fourier transform and compared with experimental results. The topological charges of the 1st-order diffraction beams reconstructed from the HPDLC films are examined using a Michelson interferometer...
January 1, 2018: Optics Letters
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29328123/on-the-fundamental-comparison-between-unfocused-and-focused-light-field-cameras
#20
Shuaishuai Zhu, Andy Lai, Katherine Eaton, Peng Jin, Liang Gao
Light field cameras have been extensively used in a variety of applications, thanks to their snapshot three-dimensional imaging capability. However, little is known regarding their pros and cons for a given application. Herein we report a fundamental comparison between two types of light field cameras-focused and unfocused. Our results indicate that the unfocused light field camera outperforms its focused counterpart in depth range and number of resolvable depth steps, while the focused light field camera has an edge in lateral resolution and reconstruction accuracy...
January 1, 2018: Applied Optics
keyword
keyword
40740
1
2
Fetch more papers »
Fetching more papers... Fetching...
Read by QxMD. Sign in or create an account to discover new knowledge that matter to you.
Remove bar
Read by QxMD icon Read
×

Search Tips

Use Boolean operators: AND/OR

diabetic AND foot
diabetes OR diabetic

Exclude a word using the 'minus' sign

Virchow -triad

Use Parentheses

water AND (cup OR glass)

Add an asterisk (*) at end of a word to include word stems

Neuro* will search for Neurology, Neuroscientist, Neurological, and so on

Use quotes to search for an exact phrase

"primary prevention of cancer"
(heart or cardiac or cardio*) AND arrest -"American Heart Association"