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Appreciative inquiry

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29137936/the-field-of-medical-anthropology-in-social-science-medicine
#1
Catherine Panter-Brick, Mark Eggerman
Conceptually and methodologically, medical anthropology is well-positioned to support a "big-tent" research agenda on health and society. It fosters approaches to social and structural models of health and wellbeing in ways that are critically reflective, cross-cultural, people-centered, and transdisciplinary. In this review article, we showcase these four main characteristics of the field, as featured in Social Science & Medicine over the last fifty years, highlighting their relevance for an international and interdisciplinary readership...
October 31, 2017: Social Science & Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29097353/-a-phenomenal-person-and-doctor-thank-you-letters-to-medical-care-providers
#2
Talya Miron-Shatz, Stefan Becker, Franklin Zaromb, Alexander Mertens, Avi Tsafrir
BACKGROUND: Thank you letters to physicians and medical facilities are an untapped resource, providing an invaluable glimpse into what patients notice and appreciate in their care. OBJECTIVE: The aim of this study was to analyze such thank you letters as posted on the Web by medical institutions to find what patients and families consider to be good care. In an age of patient-centered care, it is pivotal to see what metrics patients and families apply when assessing their care and whether they grasp specific versus general qualities in their care...
November 2, 2017: Interactive Journal of Medical Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29096412/stakeholder-perspectives-on-optimizing-communication-in-a-school-centered-asthma-program
#3
Hylke M Snieder, Sarah Nickels, Melanie Gleason, Arthur McFarlane, Stanley J Szefler, Mandy A Allison
BACKGROUND: School-centered asthma programs (SAPs) can be an effective intervention to improve asthma control for underserved populations but little is known about how key stakeholders communicate within these programs. Therefore, our aim was to identify key components of effective communication in a SAP. METHODS: Primary care providers (PCPs), parents and school nurses associated with a SAP in Denver, Colorado participated in interviews and focus groups about their views on effective communication...
December 2017: Journal of School Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29080473/service-user-engagement-in-healthcare-education-as-a-mechanism-for-value-based-recruitment-an-evaluation-study
#4
Vanessa Heaslip, Janet Scammell, Anne Mills, Ashley Spriggs, Andrea Addis, Mandy Bond, Carolyn Latchford, Angela Warren, Juliet Borwell, Stephen Tee
AIM: Within the United Kingdom (UK) there is an increasing focus on Values Based Recruitment (VBR) of staff working in the National Health Service (NHS) in response to public inquiries criticising the lack of person-centred care. All NHS employees are recruited on the basis of a prescribed set of values. This is extended to the recruitment of student healthcare professionals, yet there is little research of how to implement this. Involving Service Users in healthcare educational practice is gaining momentum internationally, yet involvement of service users in VBR of 'would be' healthcare professionals remains at an embryonic phase...
October 6, 2017: Nurse Education Today
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29065232/sampling-scales-define-occupancy-and-underlying-occupancy-abundance-relationships-in-animals
#5
Robin Steenweg, Mark Hebblewhite, Jesse Whittington, Paul Lukacs, Kevin McKelvey
Occupancy-abundance (OA) relationships are a foundational ecological phenomenon and field of study, and occupancy models are increasingly used to track population trends and understand ecological interactions. However, these two fields of ecological inquiry remain largely isolated, despite growing appreciation of the importance of integration. For example, using occupancy models to infer trends in abundance is predicated on positive OA relationships. Many occupancy studies collect data that violate geographical closure assumptions due to the choice of sampling scales and application to mobile organisms, which may change how occupancy and abundance are related...
October 24, 2017: Ecology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29040618/securing-systems-leadership-by-local-government-through-health-and-wellbeing-strategies
#6
Alyson M Learmonth, Emily J Henderson, David J Hunter
Background: The aim of this study was to strengthen Health and Wellbeing Strategies (HWSs) by identifying potential areas for system leadership across local authorities in relation to specific aspects of health/illness, wider determinants of health and transformational change management. Method: The work involved a document analysis of strengths of the first 12 HWSs produced in the North East of England applying principles of appreciative inquiry (AI), followed by a knowledge-to-action group approach with stakeholders...
October 11, 2017: Journal of Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28984388/educating-for-collaborative-practice-an-interpretation-of-current-achievements-and-thoughts-for-future-directions
#7
Judith Nicky Hudson, Anne Croker
CONTEXT: The Edinburgh Declaration, developed in 1998 as a pledge to alter the character of medical education to more effectively meet the needs of society, included a recommendation to increase the opportunity for joint learning between health and health-related professions, as part of the training for teamwork. This article acknowledges achievements since the Declaration in relation to this recommendation, using an umbrella term for the phenomenon, 'educating for collaborative practice', and presents a perspective framed as a series of questions to encourage reflection on future directions...
October 6, 2017: Medical Education
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28965499/what-do-children-need-to-know-about-dementia-the-perspectives-of-children-and-people-with-personal-experience-of-dementia
#8
Jess R Baker, Yun-Hee Jeon, Belinda Goodenough, Lee-Fay Low, Christine Bryden, Karen Hutchinson, Laura Richards
BACKGROUND: The vision for dementia-friendly communities is challenged by limited public awareness and stigma about dementia. The study aim was to elicit stakeholder priorities for the message content of an education program to improve dementia awareness among youth; specifically, what do children need to know about dementia? METHODS: A qualitative inquiry using interviews and focus groups was used. Purposive sampling achieved maximum variation in dementia experience and participant characteristics...
October 2, 2017: International Psychogeriatrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28940823/future-dietitian-2025-informing-the-development-of-a-workforce-strategy-for-dietetics
#9
M Hickson, J Child, A Collinson
BACKGROUND: Healthcare is changing and the professions that deliver it need to adapt and change too. The aim of this research was to inform the development of a workforce strategy for Dietetics for 2020-2030. This included an understanding of the drivers for change, the views of stakeholders and recommendations to prepare the profession for the future. METHODS: The research included three phases: (i) establishing the context which included a literature and document review (environmental scan); (ii) discovering the profession and professional issues using crowd-sourcing technology; and (iii) articulating the vision for the future using appreciative inquiry...
September 21, 2017: Journal of Human Nutrition and Dietetics: the Official Journal of the British Dietetic Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28934893/what-works-in-israeli-prison-based-sex-offender-rehabilitation-programs-program-participants-perspective
#10
Brenda Geiger, Michael Fischer
This study invited 10 of the 22 sex offenders enrolled in a prison-based rehabilitation program in one of the prisons in Israel to engage in the two first of the 4-D ( Discover, Dream, Design, and Deliver) stages of the Appreciative Inquiry . Consistent with the responsivity principle, and the IA tenets, program participants were interviewed to Discover components to which they were responsive and Dream/envision additional ones that would increase engagement and progress. Content analysis of the interviews indicated that despite the initial decision to enrol based on external incentives, participants eventually engaged in group therapy and expressed the desire to understand and regulate their sexual behaviour...
September 1, 2017: International Journal of Offender Therapy and Comparative Criminology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28933676/bringing-humanity-into-view-action-research-with-qatar-s-ambulance-service
#11
Gill Coleman, Liz Wiggins
Purpose The purpose of this paper is to argue for the widening of attention in healthcare improvement efforts, to include an awareness of the humanity of people who work in the sector and an appreciation of the part human connection plays in engagement around good quality work. Theoretical frameworks and research approaches which draw on action-based, interpretive and systemic thinking are proposed, as a complement to current practices. Design/methodology/approach The paper describes the early stages of an action research (AR) project, which used the appreciative inquiry "4D" framework to conduct participative inquiry in Hamad Medical Corporation's ambulance service in Qatar, in which staff became co-researchers...
August 21, 2017: Journal of Health Organization and Management
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28906576/families-living-with-parental-mental-illness-and-their-experiences-of-family-interventions
#12
M Afzelius, L Plantin, M Östman
INTRODUCTION: Although research has shown that evidence-based family interventions in research settings improve the communication and understanding of parental mental illness, there is a lack of knowledge about interventions in an everyday clinical context. AIM: This study explores how families with parental mental illness experience family interventions in a natural clinical context in psychiatric services. METHOD: Five families with children aged 10-12 were recruited from psychiatric services in southern Sweden and interviewed in a manner inspired by naturalistic inquiry and content analysis...
September 14, 2017: Journal of Psychiatric and Mental Health Nursing
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28898503/using-appreciative-inquiry-methodology-to-develop-a-weight-management-program-for-obese-children-in-new-zealand
#13
Tasileta Teevale, Joseph K Kaholokula
OBJECTIVES: Paediatric obesity predicts adult obesity, and alarming new data in New Zealand reveals that obesity among the young continues to rise. In this study, we used a novel solution-focused paradigm, or appreciative inquiry perspective, to explore the factors that influence not just obese but non-obese states (that is, healthy weight as well as obesity), in Pacific adolescents (aged 13-17) living in socioeconomically deprived neighbourhoods. METHODS: Sixty-eight parents and adolescents from 30 families were recruited and interviewed, resulting in 15 obese and 15 healthy weight adolescents participating in the study...
September 12, 2017: Australian and New Zealand Journal of Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28807696/a-tailored-intervention-to-improving-the-quality-of-intrahospital-nursing-handover
#14
Jochen Bergs, Frank Lambrechts, Ines Mulleneers, Kim Lenaerts, Caroline Hauquier, Geert Proesmans, Sarah Creemers, Dominique Vandijck
INTRODUCTION: Nursing handover is a process central to the delivery of high-quality and safe care. We aimed to improve the quality of nursing handover from the emergency department to ward and intensive care unit (ICU). METHODS: A quasi-experimental non-equivalent control group pre-test - post-test design was applied. Handover quality was measured using the Handover Evaluation Scale (HES). A tailored intervention, inspired by appreciative inquiry, was designed to improve the implementation of an existing handover form and procedure...
August 11, 2017: International Emergency Nursing
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28799470/referral-to-an-acute-child-and-adolescent-inpatient-unit-the-experiences-and-views-of-community-mental-health-referrers
#15
Josephine Stanton, Viktor Lahdenperä, Virginia Braun
Admission to an acute mental health inpatient unit is a significant event for a young person. The interface between inpatient and community teams negotiating the admission and later discharge can be fraught. To understand how to improve the transition between inpatient and community care, we interviewed 48 community clinicians about their experiences of engaging with an acute child and adolescent mental health inpatient unit. Through thematic analysis, we identified management of risk was a central issue. Participants wanted more time in hospital, and more communication and collaboration...
September 2017: Qualitative Health Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28776305/training-needs-of-clinical-and-research-professionals-to-optimize-minority-recruitment-and-retention-in-cancer-clinical-trials
#16
Soumya J Niranjan, Raegan W Durant, Jennifer A Wenzel, Elise D Cook, Mona N Fouad, Selwyn M Vickers, Badrinath R Konety, Sarah B Rutland, Zachary R Simoni, Michelle Y Martin
The study of disparities in minority recruitment to cancer clinical trials has focused primarily on inquiries among minority patient populations. However, clinical trial recruitment is complex and requires a broader appreciation of the multiple factors that influence minority participation. One area that has received little attention is minority recruitment training for professionals who assume various roles in the clinical trial recruitment process. Therefore, we assessed the perspectives of cancer center clinical and research personnel on their training and education needs toward minority recruitment for cancer clinical trials...
August 3, 2017: Journal of Cancer Education: the Official Journal of the American Association for Cancer Education
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28690503/genetics-of-schizophrenia-overview-of-methods-findings-and-limitations
#17
REVIEW
Mads G Henriksen, Julie Nordgaard, Lennart B Jansson
Genetics constitute a crucial risk factor to schizophrenia. In the last decade, molecular genetic research has produced novel findings, infusing optimism about discovering the biological roots of schizophrenia. However, the complexity of the object of inquiry makes it almost impossible for non-specialists in genetics (e.g., many clinicians and researchers) to get a proper understanding and appreciation of the genetic findings and their limitations. This study aims at facilitating such an understanding by providing a brief overview of some of the central methods and findings in schizophrenia genetics, from its historical origins to its current status, and also by addressing some limitations and challenges that confront this field of research...
2017: Frontiers in Human Neuroscience
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28684603/taking-stock-of-the-drosophila-research-ecosystem
#18
REVIEW
David Bilder, Kenneth D Irvine
With a century-old history of fundamental discoveries, the fruit fly has long been a favored experimental organism for a wide range of scientific inquiries. But Drosophila is not a "legacy" model organism; technical and intellectual innovations continue to revitalize fly research and drive advances in our understanding of conserved mechanisms of animal biology. Here, we provide an overview of this "ecosystem" and discuss how to address emerging challenges to ensure its continued productivity. Drosophila researchers are fortunate to have a sophisticated and ever-growing toolkit for the analysis of gene function...
July 2017: Genetics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28660180/constructing-a-global-learning-partnership-in-physiotherapy-an-ireland-uganda-initiative
#19
Cliona O'Sullivan, Herman Kazibwe, Zillah Whitehouse, Catherine Blake
BACKGROUND AND AIM: There is a strong correlation between disability and poverty and it is acknowledged that until disability issues are addressed, the goal of poverty reduction in low-income countries is unlikely to be achieved. Despite the high prevalence of disability in developing countries, there remains a significant shortage of rehabilitation professionals as highlighted by the WHO report, Human resources for Health (2006). The purpose of this project was to develop a collaborative and sustainable partnership to strengthen educational and research capacity in global health, disability, and rehabilitation between two physiotherapy schools; University College Dublin, Ireland, and Mbarara University of Science and Technology, Uganda...
2017: Frontiers in Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28594219/the-macarthur-competence-assessment-tool-criminal-adjudication-factor-structure-interrater-reliability-and-association-with-clinician-opinion-of-competence-in-a-forensic-inpatient-sample
#20
Mary E Wood, Jaime L Anderson, David M Glassmire
Adjudicative competence is the most frequently referred evaluation in the forensic context, and it is because of this that periodic evaluation of competence assessment instruments is imperative. Among those instruments, the MacArthur Competence Assessment Tool-Criminal Adjudication (MacCAT-CA) has demonstrated adequate psychometric properties suggesting its utility in informing the forensic inquiry. The purpose of the current study was to further investigate the psychometric properties and ultimate utility of subscale scores using archival data from a sample of 103 male and female forensic patients who were hospitalized for competence restoration treatment...
June 2017: Psychological Assessment
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