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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28298669/veno-venous-extracorporeal-membrane-oxygenation-for-continuous-renal-replacement-in-a-neonate-with-propionic-acidemia
#1
Jeffrey W Gander, Erika T Rhone, William G Wilson, John P Barcia, Melissa J Sacco
The usual indications for extra corporeal membrane oxygenation (ECMO) are for respiratory or cardiac failure. Although continuous renal replacement therapy (CRRT) is frequently used when patients are on ECMO, the need for CRRT as the primary indication for ECMO is rare. A case of a neonate placed onto veno-venous ECMO for the use of CRRT to treat hyperammonemia from propionic acidemia is presented.
March 2017: Journal of Extra-corporeal Technology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28295984/safety-of-arteriovenous-fistulae-and-grafts-for-continuous-renal-replacement-therapy-the-michigan-experience
#2
Anas Al Rifai, Nidhi Sukul, Robert Wonnacott, Michael Heung
INTRODUCTION: Arteriovenous fistula or graft (AVF/AVG) use is widely considered contraindicated for continuous renal replacement therapy (CRRT), yet insertion of hemodialysis (HD) catheters can carry high complication risk in critically ill end-stage renal disease (ESRD) patients. METHODS: Single-center analysis of 48 consecutive hospitalized ESRD patients on maintenance HD who underwent CRRT using AVF/AVG from 2012 to 2013. Primary outcome was access-related complications...
March 13, 2017: Hemodialysis International
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28291652/cost-effectiveness-of-hospital-treatment-and-outcomes-of-acute-methanol-poisoning-during-the-czech-republic-mass-poisoning-outbreak
#3
Jan Rulisek, Martin Balik, Ferdinand Polak, Petr Waldauf, Daniela Pelclova, Jan Belohlavek, Sergey Zakharov
PURPOSE: During an outbreak of mass methanol poisoning in the Czech Republic in 2012-2014, we compared the total hospital costs and one-year medical costs in the patients treated with different antidotes (fomepizole versus ethanol) and modalities of hemodialysis (intermittent hemodialysis, IHD, versus continuous renal replacement therapy, CRRT). METHODS: Cross-sectional study in 106 patients with confirmed diagnosis treated in 30 ICU settings. For each patient, the following data were analyzed: admission laboratory data, GCS, PSS, ICU length of stay, organ failures, treatment, outcome, and total hospital costs...
March 6, 2017: Journal of Critical Care
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28280397/pharmacokinetics-and-outcome-of-tazobactam-piperacillin-in-japanese-patients-undergoing-low-flow-continuous-renal-replacement-therapy-dosage-considerations
#4
Hanako Kohama, Takeshi Ide, Kazuro Ikawa, Norifumi Morikawa, Shinichi Nishi
BACKGROUND: Tazobactam/piperacillin (TAZ/PIPC), which is often combined with continuous renal replacement therapy (CRRT), induces renal excretion and is thought to have a high component removal rate for blood purification. CRRT procedures vary depending on the country, region, and institution. It is not clear whether the dose of TAZ/PIPC for use in Japan can be determined based on studies conducted in other countries. Therefore, in this study, we examined the suitability of recommended dose in Japan...
2017: Clinical Pharmacology: Advances and Applications
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28254857/continuous-renal-replacement-therapy-case-vignettes
#5
Charlotte Garwood, Cass Piper Sandoval, Robert Wonnacott, Craig Sadler, Susan Dirkes
The most common indication for continuous renal replacement therapy (CRRT) in critically ill patients is acute kidney injury with hemodynamic instability. Typically, the patient has metabolic disturbances and potential or actual fluid overload that require intervention. Certain critical care diagnoses and/or conditions or therapies present unique CRRT management approaches. Case vignettes are used to present the unique management of CRRT in critically ill patients with rhabdomyolysis, heart failure, and respiratory failure requiring extracorporeal membrane oxygenation...
2017: AACN Advanced Critical Care
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28254856/considerations-for-medication-management-and-anticoagulation-during-continuous-renal-replacement-therapy
#6
Ashley Thompson, Fanny Li, A Kendall Gross
Providing safe and high-quality care to critically ill patients receiving continuous renal replacement therapy (CRRT) includes adequate drug dosing and evaluation of patients' response to medications during therapy. Pharmacokinetic drug studies in acute kidney injury and CRRT are limited, considering the number of medications used in critical care. Therefore, it is important to understand the basic principles of drug clearance during CRRT by evaluating drug properties, CRRT modalities, and how they affect medication clearance...
2017: AACN Advanced Critical Care
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28254855/training-and-maintaining-developing-a-successful-and-dynamic-continuous-renal-replacement-therapy-program
#7
Heather Przybyl, Jill Evans, Laurie Haley, Jodi Bisek, Emily Beck
Continuous renal replacement therapy (CRRT) is commonly used to support critically ill patients with acute kidney injury or chronic renal disease whose condition is too unstable for them to tolerate intermittent hemodialysis. Current publications related to CRRT programs in the United States and Canada note key themes related to the development and maintenance of CRRT training programs. A successful CRRT training program should consider and incorporate adult learning principles whenever possible. A variety of teaching methods to deliver information to nurses, including online learning modules, didactic lecture, return demonstration, and high-fidelity patient simulation are key to training programs for this high-risk complex therapy...
2017: AACN Advanced Critical Care
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28254854/continuous-renal-replacement-therapy-update-an-emphasis-on-safe-and-high-quality-care
#8
Hildy Schell-Chaple
Continuous renal replacement therapy (CRRT) was introduced more than 40 years ago as a renal support option for critically ill patients who had contraindications to intermittent hemodialysis and peritoneal dialysis. Despite being the most common renal support therapy used in intensive care units today, the tremendous variability in CRRT management challenges the interpretation of findings from CRRT outcome studies. The lack of standardization in practice and training of clinicians along with the high risk of CRRT-related adverse events has been the impetus for the recent expert consensus work on identifying quality indicators for CRRT programs...
2017: AACN Advanced Critical Care
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28247082/membrane-pressures-predict-clotting-of-pediatric-continuous-renal-replacement-therapy-circuits
#9
Aadil Kakajiwala, Thomas Jemielita, John Z Hughes, Kimberly Windt, Michelle Denburg, Stuart L Goldstein, Benjamin Laskin
BACKGROUND: Clotting of continuous renal replacement therapy (CRRT) circuits leads to inadequate clearance, decreased ultrafiltration, and increased resource use. We identified factors associated with premature clotting of circuits during CRRT in children. METHODS: In a retrospective cohort of 26 children (median age 11.8 years) receiving 79 CRRT circuits (51 heparin, 22 citrate, 6 using no anticoagulation), we captured hourly pressure, flow, and fluid removal rates along with all activated clotting time (ACT) and circuit ionized calcium measurements...
March 1, 2017: Pediatric Nephrology: Journal of the International Pediatric Nephrology Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28237981/ex-vivo-ceftolozane-tazobactam-clearance-during-continuous-renal-replacement-therapy
#10
Weerachai Chaijamorn, Alexander R Shaw, Susan J Lewis, Bruce A Mueller
BACKGROUND/AIMS: To determine ceftolozane/tazobactam transmembrane clearances (CLTM) in continuous hemofiltration (CHF) and continuous hemodialysis (CHD) and to determine optimal ceftolozane/tazobactam dosing regimens for patients receiving continuous renal replacement therapy (CRRT). METHOD: Validated, ex vivo CHF and CHD bovine blood models using polysulfone (HF1400) and AN69 (Multiflow 150-M) hemofilters were used to evaluate adsorption and CLTM at different effluent flow rates...
February 25, 2017: Blood Purification
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28237894/early-continuous-renal-replacement-therapy-in-septic-acute-kidney-injury-could-be-defined-by-its-initiation-within-24-hours-of-vasopressor-infusion
#11
Seung Don Baek, Hoon Yu, Seulgi Shin, Hyang-Sook Park, Mi-Soon Kim, So Mi Kim, Eun Kyoung Lee, Jai Won Chang
PURPOSE: The optimal timing for the initiation of early continuous renal replacement therapy (CRRT) is uncertain and requires a practically feasible definition with acceptable evidence. MATERIALS AND METHODS: We investigated the clinical impacts of 3-time interval parameters on the morbidity and mortality of 177 patients with septic shock-induced acute kidney injury: (1) time from vasopressor initiation to CRRT initiation (Tvaso-CRRT), (2) time from intensive care unit (ICU) admission to CRRT initation (TICU-CRRT), and (3) time from endotracheal intubation to CRRT initiation (Tendo-CRRT)...
December 27, 2016: Journal of Critical Care
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28219324/non-anti-coagulant-factors-associated-with-filter-life-in-continuous-renal-replacement-therapy-crrt-a-systematic-review-and-meta-analysis
#12
Matthew Brain, Elizabeth Winson, Owen Roodenburg, John McNeil
BACKGROUND: Optimising filter life and performance efficiency in continuous renal replacement therapy has been a focus of considerable recent research. Larger high quality studies have predominantly focussed on optimal anticoagulation however CRRT is complex and filter life is also affected by vascular access, circuit and management factors. We performed a systematic search of the literature to identify and quantify the effect of vascular access, circuit and patient factors that affect filter life and presented the results as a meta-analysis...
February 20, 2017: BMC Nephrology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28219057/preventing-continuous-renal-replacement-therapy-induced-hypophosphatemia-an-extended-clinical-experience-with-a-phosphate-containing-solution-in-the-setting-of-regional-citrate-anticoagulation
#13
Valentina Pistolesi, Laura Zeppilli, Francesca Polistena, Maria Itala Sacco, Alessandro Pierucci, Luigi Tritapepe, Giuseppe Regolisti, Enrico Fiaccadori, Santo Morabito
AIMS: To evaluate the efficacy and safety of a commercially available phosphate-containing solution for continuous renal replacement therapy (CRRT) in preventing CRRT-related hypophosphatemia. METHODS: In heart surgery patients undergoing continuous veno-venous haemodiafiltration (CVVHDF) with regional citrate anticoagulation (RCA), we combined an 18 mmol/l citrate solution with a phosphate-containing (1.2 mmol/l) dialysate/replacement fluid evaluating the incidence of hypophosphatemia and the need for parenteral phosphorus supplementation...
February 21, 2017: Blood Purification
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28202121/-oliguria-and-acute-renal-dysfunction-in-a-six-month-old-infant
#14
Ya-Jie Cui, Chun-Lan Song, Yi-Bing Cheng
The infant (a girl aged 6 months) was admitted to the hospital because of oliguria and acute renal dysfunction. The laboratory examination results showed serious metabolic acidosis and increased blood urea nitrogen and serum creatinine levels. The patient continued to be anuric after 10 days of treatment with continuous renal replacement therapy (CRRT). she died a day later. The family history showed that the patient's sister died of acute renal failure 6 months after birth. The genomic sequencing results showed AGXT mutation in the patient and confirmed the diagnosis of primary hyperoxaluria type 1 (PH1)...
February 2017: Zhongguo Dang Dai Er Ke za Zhi, Chinese Journal of Contemporary Pediatrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28196107/fluid-overload-and-survival-in-critically-ill-patients-with-acute-kidney-injury-receiving-continuous-renal-replacement-therapy
#15
Il Young Kim, Joo Hui Kim, Dong Won Lee, Soo Bong Lee, Harin Rhee, Eun Young Seong, Ihm Soo Kwak, Sang Heon Song
BACKGROUND: Fluid overload is known to be associated with increased mortality in patients with acute kidney injury (AKI) who are critically ill. In this study, we intended to uncover whether the adverse effect of fluid overload on survival could be applied to all of the patients with AKI who received continuous renal replacement therapy (CRRT). METHODS: We analyzed 341 patients with AKI who received CRRT in our intensive care units. The presence of fluid overload was defined as a minimum 10% increase in body weight from the baseline...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28188168/metformin-associated-lactic-acidosis-treated-with-continuous-renal-replacement-therapy
#16
Akihide Nakamura, Kei Suzuki, Hiroshi Imai, Naoyuki Katayama
Metformin-associated lactic acidosis (MALA) is a rare but life-threatening complication. We report a case of MALA in a man aged 71 years who was treated with continuous renal replacement therapy (CRRT). The patient was brought to the hospital for prolonged and gradual worsening gastrointestinal symptoms. Although he received intravenous treatment, he developed catecholamine-resistant shock, and blood gas analysis revealed lactic acidosis. Bicarbonate and antibiotics for possible sepsis were initiated, but with no clear benefit...
February 10, 2017: BMJ Case Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28184340/biomarkers-predicting-survival-of-sepsis-patients-treated-with-continuous-renal-replacement-therapy
#17
Jeong Ho Lee, Ha Yeon Kim, Eun Hui Bae, Soo Wan Kim, Seong Kwon Ma
The present study investigated the prognostic factors predicting survival of patients with sepsis and acute kidney injury (AKI) undergoing continuous renal replacement therapy (CRRT). This retrospective observational study included 165 sepsis patients treated with CRRT. The patients were divided into two groups; the survivor group (n=73, 44.2%) vs. the nonsurvivor group (n=92, 55.8%). AKI was defined by the 2012 Kidney Disease: Improving Global Outcomes Clinical Practice Guidelines. We analyzed medical histories, clinical characteristics and laboratory findings of the enrolled patients when they started CRRT...
January 2017: Chonnam Medical Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28173756/a-clinical-score-to-predict-mortality-in-septic-acute-kidney-injury-patients-requiring-continuous-renal-replacement-therapy-the-helenicc-score
#18
Rogério da Hora Passos, João Gabriel Rosa Ramos, Evandro Jose Bulhoes Mendonça, Eva Alves Miranda, Fábio Ricardo Dantas Dutra, Maria Fernanda R Coelho, Andrea C Pedroza, Luis Claudio L Correia, Paulo Benigno Pena Batista, Etienne Macedo, Margarida M D Dutra
BACKGROUND: This study aimed to identify predictors of early (7-day) mortality in patients with septic acute kidney injury (AKI) who required continuous renal replacement therapy (CRRT). METHODS: Prospective cohort of 186 septic AKI patients undergoing CRRT at a tertiary hospital, from October 2005 to November 2010. RESULTS: After multivariate adjustment, five variables were associated to early mortality: norepinephrine utilization, liver failure, medical condition, lactate level, and pre-dialysis creatinine level...
February 7, 2017: BMC Anesthesiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28164512/critical-deviations-of-ionized-calcium-measurements-when-using-blood-gas-analyzers-to-monitor-citrate-dialysis
#19
Thorsten Feldkamp, Norbert Weiler, Michael Marx, Peter B Luppa, Ralf Junker
BACKGROUND: During the course of acute kidney injury (AKI) patients may require renal replacement therapy (RRT). The preferred therapeutic measure for such patients is continuous RRT (CRRT). Anticoagulation is required to prevent clotting of the extracorporeal circuit. The actual KDIGO guidelines recommend citrate as the first line anticoagulant. METHODS: Citrate dose infused into the extracorporeal circuit should achieve an extracorporeal calcium concentration of 0...
October 1, 2016: Clinical Laboratory
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28134404/-takotsubo-cardiomyopathy-recurrence-in-patient-with-chronic-kidney-disease-case-report-and-literature-review
#20
Francesco Caccetta, Maurizio Caroppo, Fernando Musio, Anna Mudoni, Antonella Accogli, Maria Dolores Zacheo, Domenica Burzo, Rolando Mangia, Michele Accogli, Vitale Nuzzo
Takotsubo cardiomyopathy (CT) is a syndrome characterized by an acute and transient left ventricular dysfunction, electrocardiographic abnormalities suggestive of acute coronary syndrome, chest pain and/or dyspnea, left ventricular mid-apical segments akinesia and normal coronary angiography. It is mainly observed in postmenopausal women after an intense physical or mental stress. The course is usually favourable but sometimes severe complications occur. The recurrence rate is 2-10%. We present the case of a recurrence of CT in a female, 79 years old, with hypertension, diabetes, chronic kidney disease (CKD) stage 3 who was admitted to the emergency room for dyspnea and vomiting...
November 2016: Giornale Italiano di Nefrologia: Organo Ufficiale Della Società Italiana di Nefrologia
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