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Pain attitudes beliefs

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29319610/the-effectiveness-of-online-pain-resources-for-health-professionals-a-systematic-review-with-subset-meta-analysis-of-educational-intervention-studies
#1
Christina Liossi DPsych, Alessandro Failo PhD, Daniel E Schoth PhD, Glyn Williams Md, Richard Howard Md
Online educational interventions are increasingly developed for health professionals and students, although graduate and undergraduate medical curricular often contain limited information about how to assess and manage pain. This study reviews the literature on the effectiveness of pain-related online educational resources. Studies were identified via a search of Medline, PsychINFO, Web of Science, CINAHL, PubMed, Scopus, Cochrane Library, Google Scholar and OpenGrey databases. Search terms included three concept blocks: (i) type of intervention - online education, computer-based, e-learning, web-based, and internet-based; (ii) population - pediatrician, physician, nurse, psychologist, medical; (iii) outcome - pain*...
January 9, 2018: Pain
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29301765/patient-journey-following-lumbar-spinal-fusion-surgery-lsfs-protocol-for-a-multicentre-qualitative-analysis-of-the-patient-rehabilitation-experience-fujourn
#2
Alison Rushton, J Bart Staal, Martin Verra, Andrew Emms, Michael Reddington, Andrew Soundy, Ashley Cole, Paul Willems, Lorin Benneker, Annabel Masson, Nicola R Heneghan
INTRODUCTION: There has been a 65% increase in lumbar spinal fusion surgery (LSFS) worldwide over the last 13 years, with costs of £26 million to the UK National Health Service annually. Patient dissatisfaction with outcome and persistent pain and disability incurs further costs. Three trials provide low-quality evidence for the role of physiotherapy. Our UK surveys investigating physiotherapy/surgeon practice concluded rehabilitation should be tailored to the individual patient owing to considerable clinical heterogeneity...
January 3, 2018: BMJ Open
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29282257/barriers-and-facilitators-of-physical-activity-in-knee-and-hip-osteoarthritis-a-systematic-review-of-qualitative-evidence
#3
Archontissa M Kanavaki, Alison Rushton, Nikolaos Efstathiou, Asma Alrushud, Rainer Klocke, Abhishek Abhishek, Joan L Duda
Physical activity (PA), including engagement in structured exercise, has a key role in the management of hip and knee osteoarthritis (OA). However, maintaining a physically active lifestyle is a challenge for people with OA. PA determinants in this population need to be understood better so that they can be optimised by public health or healthcare interventions and social policy changes. OBJECTIVES: The primary aim of this study is to conduct a systematic review of the existing qualitative evidence on barriers and facilitators of PA for patients with hip or knee OA...
December 26, 2017: BMJ Open
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29248566/opioids-in-the-treatment-of-pain-beliefs-knowledge-and-attitudes-of-the-general-spanish-population-identification-of-subgroups-through-cluster-analysis
#4
Helena de Sola, Alejandro Salazar, María Dueñas, Inmaculada Failde
CONTEXT: A lack of information has been found related to patients' perception towards pain management. OBJECTIVES: To analyze the point of view of the general Spanish population regarding the use of opioids in pain treatment. To identify groups of individuals based on this information. METHODS: Nationwide cross-sectional study on a representative sample of 1,299 Spanish adults. Data were collected on beliefs, knowledge, fears, opinions and, attitudes towards the use of opioids...
December 14, 2017: Journal of Pain and Symptom Management
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29224700/preventing-weakness-and-stiffness-a-top-priority-for-health-and-social-care
#5
REVIEW
Muir Gray, Kenny Butler
With growing evidence that sarcopenia, disability and frailty can be prevented with physical activity, people living with pain, stiffness and weakness due to a musculoskeletal condition should be offered physical activity as a preventive strategy. By changing beliefs and attitudes towards ageing and raising the value and importance of physical activity, disability can be avoided or delayed and the costly burden of social care lessened. The effects of ageing and the effects of muscle strength loss are often confused...
April 2017: Best Practice & Research. Clinical Rheumatology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29187324/pain-in-the-elderly-and-cognition-state-of-play
#6
Rodrigue Deleens, Gisèle Pickering, Yacine Hadjiat
Cognitive impairment is commonly associated with the pain experience. This deterioration regarding several cognitive domains such as attention, speed of information processing, memory, learning and executive functions, represents a major obstacle to daily activities and mobility especially in the elderly for whom a decrease in mobility is a significant risk factor for death and disability. Regarding the demographic rising in the elderly population expected by 2050 (the proportion of persons aged 60 and above is expected to double according to ONU estimate) and the high prevalence of pain in this age reaching 80% in nursing homes, clinicians should be better aware of the links between pain and cognition in this population's segment so that they offer each patient an appropriate treatment...
December 1, 2017: Gériatrie et Psychologie Neuropsychiatrie du Vieillissement
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29177439/attitudes-beliefs-practices-and-concerns-among-clinicians-prescribing-opioids-in-a-large-academic-institution
#7
Jon O Ebbert, Lindsey M Philpot, Casey M Clements, Jenna K Lovely, Wayne T Nicholson, Sarah M Jenkins, Tim J Lamer, Halena M Gazelka
Objectives: Opioid treatment of chronic noncancer pain (CNCP) adds complexity and uncertainty to patient interactions. We sought to assess clinician attitudes, beliefs, practice styles, and concerns around opioid prescribing following the release of the US Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC) guideline for prescribing opioids for chronic pain. Methods: E-mailed electronic survey to clinicians at a large academic medical institution. Results: A total of 961 clinicians responded to the survey (response rate = 40%), 720 of whom prescribed opioids and were not in training...
June 15, 2017: Pain Medicine: the Official Journal of the American Academy of Pain Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29112988/relationship-between-spending-on-electronic-cigarettes-30-day-use-and-disease-symptoms-among-current-adult-cigarette-smokers-in-the-u-s
#8
Tingting Yao, Wendy Max, Hai-Yen Sung, Stanton A Glantz, Rachel L Goldberg, Julie B Wang, Yingning Wang, James Lightwood, Janine Cataldo
OBJECTIVE: To examine the relationship between spending on electronic cigarettes (e-cigarettes) and disease symptoms compared with the relationship between 30-day e-cigarette use and disease symptoms among adult cigarette smokers in the U.S. METHODS: We analyzed data from the Tobacco and Attitudes Beliefs Survey which included 533 respondents aged 24+ who were current cigarette smokers and e-cigarette ever users. Fifteen self-reported disease symptoms were included as outcome variables...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29108841/a-conceptual-framework-for-understanding-unintended-prolonged-opioid-use
#9
W Michael Hooten, Chad M Brummett, Mark D Sullivan, Jenna Goesling, Jon C Tilburt, Jessica S Merlin, Jennifer L St Sauver, Ajay D Wasan, Daniel J Clauw, David O Warner
An urgent need exists to better understand the transition from short-term opioid use to unintended prolonged opioid use (UPOU). The purpose of this work is to propose a conceptual framework for understanding UPOU that posits the influence of 3 principal domains that include the characteristics of (1) individual patients, (2) the practice environment, and (3) opioid prescribers. Although no standardized method exists for developing a conceptual framework, the process often involves identifying corroborative evidence, leveraging expert opinion to identify factors for inclusion in the framework, and developing a graphic depiction of the relationships between the various factors and the clinical problem of interest...
December 2017: Mayo Clinic Proceedings
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29078081/what-do-physiotherapists-and-manual-handling-advisors-consider-the-safest-lifting-posture-and-do-back-beliefs-influence-their-choice
#10
David Nolan, Kieran O'Sullivan, John Stephenson, Peter O'Sullivan, Michael Lucock
BACKGROUND: It is commonly believed lifting is dangerous and the back should be straight during lifting. These beliefs may arise from healthcare professionals, yet no study has evaluated the lifting and back beliefs of manual handling advisors (MHAs) and physiotherapists (PTs). OBJECTIVES: To evaluate (i) what lifting technique MHAs and PTs perceive as safest, and why, and (ii) the back pain beliefs of MHAs and PTs. DESIGN: Data was collected via an electronic survey...
October 18, 2017: Musculoskeletal Science & Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29067259/the-barbados-insulin-matters-bim-study-barriers-to-insulin-therapy-among-a-population-based-sample-of-people-with-type-2-diabetes-in-the-caribbean-island-of-barbados
#11
Charles G Taylor, Gordon Taylor, Anique Atherley, Ian Hambleton, Nigel Unwin, O Peter Adams
AIM: The purpose of this study was to document in people with type 2 diabetes (T2DM) in Barbados, attitudes and beliefs that may result in psychological insulin resistance. METHODS: A representative, population-based, sample of 175 eligible people with T2DM 25 years of age and over was surveyed by telephone. The 20-item insulin treatment appraisal scale (ITAS) was administered (score range 20 to 100 for positive to negative perceptions). RESULTS: 117 people participated (67% response rate, 32% male, mean age 66 years, 90% Black, 22% on insulin)...
June 2017: Journal of Clinical & Translational Endocrinology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29058371/integrative-review-of-cervical-cancer-screening-in-western-asian-and-middle-eastern-arab-countries
#12
REVIEW
Suhailah Ali, Heather Skirton, Maria T Clark, Craig Donaldson
Population-based screening programs have resulted in minimizing mortality and morbidity from cervical cancer. The aim of this integrative review was to explore the factors influencing access of women from Western Asian and Middle Eastern Arab countries to cervical cancer screening. A systematic search for studies conducted in Arab countries in those regions, and published in English between January 2002 and January 2017, was undertaken. Thirteen papers were selected and subjected to quality appraisal. A three step analysis was used, which involved a summary of the evidence, analysis of both quantitative and qualitative data, and integration of the results in narrative form...
October 23, 2017: Nursing & Health Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29032521/learning-from-ujambo-perspectives-on-gynecologic-care-in-african-immigrant-and-refugee-women-in-boston-massachusetts
#13
P K Mehta, K Saia, D Mody, S S Crosby, A Raj, S Maru, L Piwowarczyk
African-born immigrant women, and particularly refugees and asylum seekers, are at risk for reproductive health disparities but inadequately use relevant gynecologic services. We sought to elucidate perspectives on gynecologic care in a population of Congolese and Somali immigrants. We conducted a secondary qualitative analysis of focus group data using a grounded theory approach and the Integrated Behavioral Model as our theoretical framework. Thirty one women participated in six focus groups. Participant beliefs included the states of pregnancy and/or pain as triggers for care, preferences included having female providers and those with familiarity with female genital cutting...
October 14, 2017: Journal of Immigrant and Minority Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28934198/-koko-et-les-lunettes-magiques-an-educational-entertainment-tool-to-prevent-parasitic-worms-and-diarrheal-diseases-in-c%C3%A3-te-d-ivoire
#14
Clémence Essé, Véronique A Koffi, Abel Kouamé, Kouassi Dongo, Richard B Yapi, Honorine M Moro, Christiane A Kouakou, Marta S Palmeirim, Bassirou Bonfoh, Eliézer K N'Goran, Jürg Utzinger, Giovanna Raso
BACKGROUND: Integrated control programs, emphasizing preventive chemotherapy along with health education, can reduce the incidence of soil-transmitted helminthiasis and schistosomiasis. The aim of this study was to develop an educational animated cartoon to improve school children's awareness regarding soil-transmitted helminthiasis, diarrheal diseases, and related hygiene practices in Côte d'Ivoire. The key messages included in the cartoon were identified through prior formative research to specifically address local knowledge gaps...
September 2017: PLoS Neglected Tropical Diseases
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28858681/investigation-of-four-self-report-instruments-fabt-tsk-hc-back-paq-hc-pairs-to-measure-healthcare-practitioners-attitudes-and-beliefs-toward-low-back-pain-reliability-convergent-validity-and-survey-of-new-zealand-osteopaths-and-manipulative-physiotherapists
#15
Robert W Moran, Wendy M Rushworth, Jesse Mason
BACKGROUND: Healthcare practitioner beliefs influence advice and management provided to patients with back pain. Several instruments measuring practitioner beliefs have been developed but psychometric properties for some have not been investigated. AIMS: To investigate internal consistency, test-retest reliability and convergent validity of the Fear Avoidance Beliefs Tool (FABT), the Tampa Scale of Kinesiophobia for Health Care Providers (TSK-HC), the Back Pain Attitudes Questionnaire (Back-PAQ), and the Health Care Pain and Impairment Relationship Scale (HC-PAIRS)...
August 23, 2017: Musculoskeletal Science & Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28855788/an-abbreviated-therapeutic-neuroscience-education-session-improves-pain-knowledge-in-first-year-physical-therapy-students-but-does-not-change-attitudes-or-beliefs
#16
Terry Cox, Adriaan Louw, Emilio J Puentedura
OBJECTIVE: To determine if a 3-hour therapeutic neuroscience education session alters physical therapy student's knowledge of pain and effects their attitudes and beliefs regarding treating chronic pain. METHODS: Seventy-seven entry-level doctoral physical therapy students participated in the study. Following consent, demographic data were obtained and then the subjects completed the Neuroscience of Pain Questionnaire, the Health Care Provider's Pain and Impairment Relationship Scale and an additional questionnaire designed by the researchers...
February 2017: Journal of Manual & Manipulative Therapy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28853448/use-of-medicines-adherence-and-attitudes-to-medicines-among-persons-with-chronic-spinal-cord-injury
#17
H Høgholen, A Storhaug, K Kvernrød, E Kostovski, K K Viktil, L Mathiesen
STUDY DESIGN: A cross-sectional study. OBJECTIVES: To describe the use of medicines and adherence among persons with spinal cord injury (SCI). Further, to examine the influence of pain, spasms and beliefs about medicines on adherence. SETTING: Sunnaas Rehabilitation Hospital, Norway. METHODS: Persons (⩾18 years) with chronic SCI (more than 1-year post injury), using at least one drug regularly, and admitted for a follow-up stay at Sunnaas Rehabilitation Hospital were included...
August 29, 2017: Spinal Cord
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28833784/menstruation-objectification-and-health-related-quality-of-life-a-questionnaire-study
#18
Herdís Sveinsdóttir
AIMS AND OBJECTIVES: To explore young women's health-related quality of life (HRQOL) and investigate whether menstrual and menarche experiences and objectification predict mental and physical health components of HRQOL. BACKGROUND: Menstruation plays a fundamental role in female biology, in women's relationship to their bodies and consequently in women's health and their HRQOL. DESIGN: Cross-sectional explorative survey design. METHOD: A questionnaire that included the SF-36v2, the Self-objectification Questionnaire (SOQ), the Body Surveillance and Body Shame subscales of the Objectified Body Consciousness Scale, the Belief and Attitudes Towards Menstruation Questionnaire (four subscales), and questions on menarche and menstruation was administered at the end of 2013 to 319 Icelandic women who represented the population by age...
August 22, 2017: Journal of Clinical Nursing
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28796754/perioperative-patient-beliefs-regarding-potential-effectiveness-of-marijuana-cannabinoids-for-treatment-of-pain-a-prospective-population-survey
#19
Yury Khelemsky, Andrew T Goldberg, Yasmin L Hurd, Gary Winkel, Allen Ninh, Lucia Qian, Anna Oprescu, Jeffrey Ciccone, Daniel J Katz
BACKGROUND AND OBJECTIVES: Cannabinoids have an expanding presence in medicine. Perioperative patients' perceptions of the effectiveness of these compounds, and acceptance if prescribed for pain, have not been previously described. Our primary objective was to describe patients' beliefs regarding the potential effectiveness of cannabinoids for the treatment of acute and chronic pain, as well as gauge patient acceptance of these compounds if prescribed by a physician. In addition, demographic and pain history data were collected to elucidate the predictors of the aforementioned patient attitudes...
September 2017: Regional Anesthesia and Pain Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28789789/differential-predictors-of-nighttime-and-daytime-sleep-complaints-in-older-adults-with-comorbid-insomnia-and-osteoarthritis-pain
#20
Hsin-Yi Jean Tang, Susan M McCurry, Kenneth C Pike, Michael Von Korff, Michael V Vitiello
OBJECTIVES: Osteoarthritis (OA) is extremely common in older adults, affecting 50% of people aged 65 or older, and more than half of older adults with OA complain of significantly disturbed sleep. This study compared predictors of nighttime sleep complaints and daytime sleep-related consequences as measured by the Insomnia Severity Index (ISI) and Pittsburgh Sleep Quality Index (PSQI) in older adults with comorbid OA pain and insomnia. METHODS: A secondary analysis of baseline data from a large longitudinal randomized controlled trial...
September 2017: Journal of Psychosomatic Research
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