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Pain attitudes beliefs

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28505479/women-s-self-reported-experience-of-unplanned-caesarean-section-results-of-a-swedish-study
#1
Annika Karlström
BACKGROUND: women´s experience of emergency caesarean section is often described as less positive compared to a vaginal birth or a planned caesarean section. Midwifery care for women where deviations from a normal birth process are present is a challenge. The aim of study was to compare self-reported birth outcomes for women undergoing birth through spontaneous onset of labour between those who actually had a vaginal birth and those who eventually had an emergency caesarean section. DESIGN AND SETTING: the study was part of a prospective longitudinal cohort study of parents' experiences, attitudes, and beliefs related to childbirth...
April 27, 2017: Midwifery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28491314/major-depressive-disorder-with-religious-struggle-and-completed-suicide-after-hair-transplantation
#2
Mehmet Emin Ceylan, Barış Önen Ünsalver, Alper Evrensel
OBJECTIVES: Psychological outcomes of aesthetic surgical procedures like hair transplantation are mostly positive including decreased anxiety, depression and social phobia and increased general well-being, self-efficacy and self-esteem. However, some patients may suffer from post-surgical depression and post-surgical increased suicide rates have been reported for breast augmentation patients. Difficulty adapting to the new image, unfulfilled psychological needs expected to be met by the surgery, side effects of the surgery like tissue swelling or bruising, uncontrolled pain, presence of body dysmorphic disorder and previous history of mood disorder may be some of the risk factors for post-surgical depression...
2017: SAGE open medical case reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28480437/bibliometric-analysis-of-acupuncture-research-fronts-and-their-worldwide-distribution-over-three-decades
#3
Jun-Ying Fu, Xu Zhang, Yun-Hua Zhao, He-Feng Tong, Dar-Zen Chen, Mu-Hsuan Huang
BACKGROUND: Considerable research has been conducted on acupuncture worldwide. This study chronologically examined the changing features and research fronts of acupuncture and elucidated the differences among the six most productive countries. METHODS: Bibliographic coupling is a powerful tool for identifying the research fronts of a field. Acupuncture-related publications worldwide and from the six most productive countries during 1983-2012 were retrieved from the Science Citation Index Expanded and Social Science Citation Index...
2017: African Journal of Traditional, Complementary, and Alternative Medicines: AJTCAM
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28460690/pain-catastrophizing-moderates-changes-in-spinal-control-in-response-to-noxiously-induced-low-back-pain
#4
Gwyneth B Ross, Peter J Sheahan, Brian Mahoney, Brendon J Gurd, Paul W Hodges, Ryan B Graham
It is generally accepted that spine control and stability are relevant for the prevention and rehabilitation of low back pain (LBP). However, there are conflicting results in the literature in regards to how these variables are modified in the presence of LBP. The aims of the present work were twofold: (1) to use noxious stimulation to induce LBP in healthy individuals to assess the direct effects of pain on control (quantified by the time-dependent behavior of kinematic variance), and (2) to assess whether the relationship between pain and control is moderated by psychological features (i...
April 19, 2017: Journal of Biomechanics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28442462/patients-and-physiotherapists-belief-in-and-use-of-acupuncture-for-cancer-related-symptoms
#5
Anna Enblom
BACKGROUND: It is important to investigate attitudes to acupuncture, because therapists' and patients' expectations may affect the treatment outcome. AIM: To explore the use of and belief in acupuncture among oncological physiotherapists and to explore patients' interest in receiving acupuncture during cancer therapy and their belief in its effectiveness. METHODS: 522 patients (80% female, mean age 67 years) reported on their interest in receiving acupuncture for nausea during radiotherapy treatment; a subgroup (n=198) additionally disclosed their belief in the effectiveness of acupuncture...
April 25, 2017: Acupuncture in Medicine: Journal of the British Medical Acupuncture Society
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28442282/attitude-and-intention-regarding-pain-management-among-chinese-nursing-students-a-cross-sectional-questionnaire-survey
#6
Liang-Yu Fang, Yin-Chuan Xu, Dan-Ni Lin, Jing-Feng Jin, Min Yan
Optimal pain management is a priority in effective nursing care. Lack of sufficient pain knowledge associated with inadequate pain management has been proved. However, the intention, defined as the predictor of behavior, regarding pain management remains unknown. Therefore, the study was to determine the attitude and intention regarding pain management among Chinese nursing students and investigate the underlying determinants and their interactions in terms of intention toward pain management. The Pain Management Survey Questionnaire, comprising the key determinants of the theory of planned behavior-that is, direct attitude, belief-based intention, subjective norm, direct control, and indirect control-was used to collect data from 512 nursing students who undertook clinical rotation in an affiliated hospital of a medical college in China...
April 23, 2017: Pain Management Nursing: Official Journal of the American Society of Pain Management Nurses
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28438497/theory-of-planned-behavior-constructs-associated-with-nurses-pain-assessment-and-pro-re-nata-prn-opioid-analgesic-administration-a-cross-sectional-study
#7
Phichpraorn Youngcharoen, Catherine Vincent, Chang G Park
Little theory-based research has been performed to better understand nurses' perceptions of pain management. Framed by the theory of planned behavior, the aims of the study were to describe nurses' beliefs (behavioral, normative, and control) about pain management for hospitalized elderly patients with postoperative pain; to present an item analysis for beliefs, attitudes, perceived norms, perceived behavioral control, intentions, and behaviors (measured in case study vignettes) for nurses (a) with different durations of nursing experience, (b) working in university, public health, and military hospitals, and (c) who either had or had not received pain management training in the past six months; and to compare differences in the constructs across these three groups...
April 21, 2017: Pain Management Nursing: Official Journal of the American Society of Pain Management Nurses
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28405034/a-multicentre-survey-of-the-current-acute-post-operative-pain-management-practices-in-tertiary-care-teaching-hospitals-in-maharashtra
#8
Samina Khaliloddin Khatib, Syed Shamim Razvi, Sadhana Sudhir Kulkarni, Swapnil Parab
BACKGROUND AND AIMS: Undertreated pain can have negative consequences on patients' health as well as the health-care system. The present study was aimed at identifying the current trends in post-operative pain management and availability of acute pain services (APS). In addition, it is also an attempt to assess the availability of analgesia for non-surgical cases, and the attitudes, beliefs, and perceptions of clinicians regarding acute pain management in the tertiary hospitals in the state of Maharashtra (India)...
March 2017: Indian Journal of Anaesthesia
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28399870/the-role-of-traditional-healers-in-the-diagnosis-and-management-of-burkitt-lymphoma-in-cameroon-understanding-the-challenges-and-moving-forward
#9
Glenn M Afungchwi, Peter B Hesseling, Elena J Ladas
BACKGROUND: Burkittlymphoma(BL) is the most common childhood cancer in Cameroon with a reported incidence of 3 per 100,000 children under 15 years in the Northwest region. Treatment at three Baptist mission hospitals has a recorded cure rate of over 50%. Traditional medicine(TM) is recognized by the national health system, but its scope is undefined and entraps children with BL. The aim of this study was to investigate the attitudes and practices of parents and traditional healers (TH) towards TM in children with BL in order to develop recommendations for an integrative approach and improved access to life-saving treatment for children with BL...
April 11, 2017: BMC Complementary and Alternative Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28374448/-i-call-it-stinkin-thinkin-a-qualitative-analysis-of-metacognition-in-people-with-chronic-low-back-pain-and-elevated-catastrophizing
#10
Robert Schütze, Clare Rees, Helen Slater, Anne Smith, Peter O'Sullivan
OBJECTIVES: Pain catastrophizing is widely studied in quantitative pain research because of its strong link with poor pain outcomes, although the exact nature of this construct remains unclear. Focusing on its ruminative dimension, the present qualitative study aimed to explore a nascent aspect of pain catastrophizing - metacognition - by documenting people's attitudes towards rumination and examining how these metacognitions might influence the course it takes. DESIGN: Qualitative interview study...
April 3, 2017: British Journal of Health Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28317617/companion-animal-owner-perceptions-knowledge-and-beliefs-regarding-pain-management-in-end-of-life-care
#11
Roschelle Heuberger, Michael Petty, Janice Huntingford
The senior companion animal is the fastest growing segment of the pet population. End-of-life care, quality of life, and pain management (PM) are extremely important to pet owners. Research into PM and end-of-life care is essential due to lack of information on owner knowledge, attitudes, and beliefs. A survey was developed to gather information from owners. Surveys were developed using expert focus groups, and participants were recruited through social media. Survey validation employed emergent themes and grounded theory...
December 2016: Topics in Companion Animal Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28280383/nurses-and-opioids-results-of-a-bi-national-survey-on-mental-models-regarding-opioid-administration-in-hospitals
#12
Charlotte Guest, Fabian Sobotka, Athina Karavasopoulou, Stephen Ward, Carsten Bantel
OBJECTIVE: Pain remains insufficiently treated in hospitals. Increasing evidence suggests human factors contribute to this, due to nurses failing to administer opioids. This behavior might be the consequence of nurses' mental models about opioids. As personal experience and conceptions shape these models, the aim of this prospective survey was to identify model-influencing factors. MATERIAL AND METHODS: A questionnaire was developed comprising of 14 statements concerning ideations about opioids and seven questions concerning demographics, indicators of adult learning, and strength of religious beliefs...
2017: Journal of Pain Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28271970/patient-reluctance-to-discuss-pain-understanding-stoicism-stigma-and-other-contributing-factors
#13
John Cagle, Morgan Bunting
Some patients are hesitant to disclose when they are experiencing pain. However, the reasons for this, such as stoicism and concern about being a bother to others, are poorly understood. If patient pain goes unrecognized during clinical encounters, patients may also be at greater risk for pain-related crises, use of hospice/palliative care on-call services, and in-patient transfers. This is an evidence-informed development of a practice-oriented conceptual model to understand and address patient reluctance to admit pain...
January 2017: Journal of Social Work in End-of-life & Palliative Care
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28246587/salient-concerns-in-using-analgesia-for-cancer-pain-among-outpatients-a-cluster-analysis-study
#14
Salimah H Meghani, George J Knafl
AIM: To identify unique clusters of patients based on their concerns in using analgesia for cancer pain and predictors of the cluster membership. METHODS: This was a 3-mo prospective observational study (n = 207). Patients were included if they were adults (≥ 18 years), diagnosed with solid tumors or multiple myelomas, and had at least one prescription of around-the-clock pain medication for cancer or cancer-treatment-related pain. Patients were recruited from two outpatient medical oncology clinics within a large health system in Philadelphia...
February 10, 2017: World Journal of Clinical Oncology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28228477/pain-objectivity-and-history-understanding-pain-stigma
#15
Daniel S Goldberg
The primary claim of this paper is that understanding the stigma so commonly endured by chronic pain sufferers today in the USA and the UK is unlikely without proper appreciation of the history of pain. Ameliorating such stigma is an ethical imperative, and yet most approaches eschew even an attempt to trace connections between historical attitudes, practices and beliefs towards pain and the stigmatisation so many pain sufferers currently endure. The manuscript aims to help fill this gap by framing pain in the modern era in context of two crucial intellectual schemes that waxed in the 19th and 20th centuries: mechanical objectivity and somaticism...
February 21, 2017: Medical Humanities
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28224099/using-quality-improvement-methods-to-increase-use-of-pain-prevention-strategies-for-childhood-vaccination
#16
Jennifer Verrill Schurman, Amanda D Deacy, Rebecca J Johnson, Jolynn Parker, Kristi Williams, Dustin Wallace, Mark Connelly, Lynn Anson, Kevin Mroczka
AIM: To increase evidence-based pain prevention strategy use during routine vaccinations in a pediatric primary care clinic using quality improvement methodology. METHODS: Specific intervention strategies (i.e., comfort positioning, nonnutritive sucking and sucrose analgesia, distraction) were identified, selected and introduced in three waves, using a Plan-Do-Study-Act framework. System-wide change was measured from baseline to post-intervention by: (1) percent of vaccination visits during which an evidence-based pain prevention strategy was reported as being used; and (2) caregiver satisfaction ratings following the visit...
February 8, 2017: World Journal of Clinical Pediatrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28207666/are-they-complying-physicians-knowledge-attitudes-and-readiness-to-change-regarding-low-back-pain-treatment-guideline-adherence
#17
Sheera Epstein-Sher, Dena H Jaffe, Amnon Lahad
STUDY DESIGN: Cross-sectional survey of 145 primary care practitioners (PCPs). OBJECTIVE: To examine low back pain (LBP) guideline knowledge, readiness to implement (RTI) these guidelines, and LBP attitudes and beliefs among Israeli PCPs and determine whether physician age, guideline familiarity, and medical specialty affect these variables. SUMMARY OF BACKGROUND DATA: LBP is a common condition managed primarily by PCPs. Little is known, however, about physician's LBP knowledge, attitudes, and beliefs and how these factors (knowledge, A&B) influence their practice behavior...
February 15, 2017: Spine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28178921/illness-acceptance-pain-perception-and-expectations-for-physicians-of-the-elderly-in-poland
#18
Mateusz Cybulski, Lukasz Cybulski, Elzbieta Krajewska-Kulak, Urszula Cwalina
BACKGROUND: Ageing of society is a significant challenge to public health, both socially and health wise. Adaptation to illness and its acceptance play an important role in control and patients' self-control in many diseases of old age. The right attitude of doctors to patients, especially, geriatric patients determines, among others, a patient's quality of life and acceptance of illness. Recently, there has been observed the rapid development of research on interactions between pain as a physiological process and its perception by an individual...
February 8, 2017: BMC Geriatrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28156652/referral-practices-of-medical-oncologists-to-palliative-care-for-patients-with-metastatic-non-small-cell-lung-cancer-nsclc
#19
Leora Horn, Sharon E Phillips
108 Background: Early implementation of palliative care has shown to improve quality of life and prolong survival in pts with metastatic NSCLC. We sought to investigate the attitudes and referral practices among medical oncologists treating pts with metastatic NSCLC. METHODS: Participants were identified through the IASLC 2015 membership directory. All participants were contacted via email to complete an 18-question online survey that included demographic variables as well as questions on referral practice and attitudes regarding the role of palliative care in the treatment of metastatic NSCLC pts...
October 9, 2016: Journal of Clinical Oncology: Official Journal of the American Society of Clinical Oncology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28151785/what-s-your-position-strategies-for-safely-reaching-patient-comfort-goals-after-cardiac-catheterization-via-femoral-approach
#20
Patricia M Suggs, Rebecca Lewis, Ann C Hart, Meredith Troutman-Jordan, Sonya R Hardin
BACKGROUND: Patients frequently complain of back pain after cardiac catheterization, and there is a lack of evidence to guide practice regarding patient comfort while maintaining hemostasis at femoral access site after cardiac catheterization. OBJECTIVE: The aim of this study was to examine if frequent position changes affect a patient's pain level or increase incidents of bleeding in the recovery period after cardiac catheterization. METHODS: A quasi-experimental pretest/posttest design was used to evaluate a patient's reported pain levels and positioning changes during bed rest period postprocedure...
March 2017: Dimensions of Critical Care Nursing: DCCN
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