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Pain attitudes beliefs

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28709405/rehabilitation-access-and-effectiveness-for-persons-with-back-pain-the-protocol-of-a-cohort-study-rehab-bp-drks00011554
#1
Matthias Bethge, Kerstin Mattukat, David Fauser, Wilfried Mau
BACKGROUND: Back pain is one of the most common chronic diseases in Germany and has a major impact on work ability and social participation. The German Pension Insurance (GPI) is the main provider of medical rehabilitation to improve work ability and prevent disability pensions in Germany. However, over half of the persons granted a disability pension have never used a medical rehabilitation service. Furthermore, evidence on the effects of medical rehabilitation in Germany is inconclusive...
July 14, 2017: BMC Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28655562/physiotherapists-beliefs-and-attitudes-influence-clinical-practice-in-chronic-low-back-pain-a-systematic-review-of-quantitative-and-qualitative-studies
#2
Tania Gardner, Kathryn Refshauge, Lorraine Smith, James McAuley, Markus Hübscher, Stephen Goodall
QUESTION: What influence do physiotherapists' beliefs and attitudes about chronic low back pain have on their clinical management of people with chronic low back pain? DESIGN: Systematic review with data from quantitative and qualitative studies. Quantitative and qualitative studies were included if they investigated an association between physiotherapists' attitudes and beliefs about chronic low back pain and their clinical management of people with chronic low back pain...
July 2017: Journal of Physiotherapy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28650061/-effectiveness-of-education-based-on-neuroscience-in-the-treatment-of-musculoskeletal-chronic-pain
#3
J D Cuenda-Gago, L Espejo-Antunez
INTRODUCTION: Chronic pain is one of the most frequent health, economic and social problems. Given this, numerous approaches have been described, one of which is pain neuroscience education. AIM: To examine the effectiveness of pain neuroscience education in the treatment of musculoskeletal disorders with chronic pain and to explore the impact of specific aspects of the technique on its effectiveness. MATERIAL AND METHODS: Relevant studies published between 2000 and 2015 were identified by searching PubMed, Scopus and Web of Science...
July 1, 2017: Revista de Neurologia
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28624759/gps-attitudes-beliefs-and-behaviours-regarding-exercise-for-chronic-knee-pain-a-questionnaire-survey
#4
Elizabeth Cottrell, Nadine E Foster, Mark Porcheret, Trishna Rathod, Edward Roddy
OBJECTIVES: The aim of this study was to investigate general practitioners' (GPs) attitudes, beliefs and behaviours regarding the use of exercise for patients with chronic knee pain (CKP) attributable to osteoarthritis. SETTING: Primary care GPs in the UK. PARTICIPANTS: 5000 GPs, randomly selected from Binley's database, were mailed a cross-sectional questionnaire survey. OUTCOME MEASURES: GPs' attitudes and beliefs were investigated using attitude statements, and reported behaviours were identified using vignette-based questions...
June 17, 2017: BMJ Open
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28615327/where-are-we-now-a-multicountry-qualitative-study-to-explore-access-to-pre-antiretroviral-care-services-a-precursor-to-antiretroviral-therapy-initiation
#5
Dominic Bukenya, Alison Wringe, Mosa Moshabela, Morten Skovdal, Robert Ssekubugu, Sara Paparini, Jenny Renju, Estelle McLean, Oliver Bonnington, Joyce Wamoyi, Janet Seeley
OBJECTIVE: To explore barriers and facilitators to accessing postdiagnosis HIV care in five sub-Saharan African countries. METHODS: In-depth interviews were conducted with 77 people living with HIV (PLHIV) in preantiretroviral therapy care or not-yet-in care and 46 healthcare workers. Participants were purposely selected from health and demographic surveillance sites in Karonga (Malawi), Manicaland (Zimbabwe), uMkhanyakude (South Africa), Kisesa (Tanzania) and Rakai and Kyamulibwa (Uganda)...
June 14, 2017: Sexually Transmitted Infections
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28605305/attitudes-toward-medical-cannabis-legalization-among-serbian-medical-students
#6
Isidora Vujcic, Aleksandar Pavlovic, Eleonora Dubljanin, Jadranka Maksimovic, Aleksandra Nikolic, Sandra Sipetic-Grujicic
BACKGROUND: Currently, medical cannabis polices are experiencing rapid changes, and an increasing number of nations around the world legalize medical cannabis for certain groups of patients, including those in Serbia. OBJECTIVES: To determine medical students' attitudes toward medical cannabis legalization and to examine the factors influencing their attitudes. METHODS: Fourth-year medical students at the Faculty of Medicine, University of Belgrade, had participated in a cross-sectional study...
June 12, 2017: Substance Use & Misuse
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28592147/efficiency-of-three-treatment-strategies-on-occupational-and-quality-of-life-impairments-for-chronic-low-back-pain-patients-is-the-multidisciplinary-approach-the-key-feature-to-success
#7
Yoann Ronzi, Ghislaine Roche-Leboucher, Cyril Bègue, Valerie Dubus, Luc Bontoux, Yves Roquelaure, Isabelle Richard, Audrey Petit
OBJECTIVE: To compare the effectiveness of three treatment strategies for chronic low back pain with varying biomechanical intensity and multidisciplinary approach. METHODS: A monocentric randomized controlled trial with a 12-months follow-up, conducted in the French Valley Loire region from May 2009 to April 2013. Participants were working-aged patients with chronic low back pain referred to a French chronic low back pain care-network to support medical and occupational issues...
January 1, 2017: Clinical Rehabilitation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28555114/attitudes-about-future-genetic-testing-for-posttraumatic-stress-disorder-and-addiction-among-community-based-veterans
#8
Michelle R Lent, Stuart N Hoffman, H Lester Kirchner, Thomas G Urosevich, Joseph J Boscarino, Joseph A Boscarino
This study explored attitudes toward hypothetical genetic testing for posttraumatic stress disorder (PTSD) and addiction among veterans. We surveyed a random sample of community-based veterans (n = 700) by telephone. One year later, we asked the veterans to provide a DNA sample for analysis and 41.9% of them returned the DNA samples. Overall, most veterans were not interested in genetic testing neither for PTSD (61.7%) nor for addiction (68.7%). However, bivariate analyses suggested there was an association between having the condition of interest and the likelihood of genetic testing on a 5-point scale (p < 0...
2017: Frontiers in Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28548542/a-systematic-review-of-the-impact-of-educational-programs-on-factors-that-affect-nurses-post-operative-pain-management-for-children
#9
Nahar AlReshidi, Tony Long, Angela Darvill
Despite extensive research in the international arena into pain and its management, there is, as yet, little research on the topic of pain in children in Saudi Arabia and in the Gulf countries generally. A systematic review was conducted to explore the impact of education programs on factors affecting paediatric nurses' postoperative pain management practice. This was done in order to advise the creation of an educational program for nurses in Saudi Arabia. Knowledge about pain, attitudes towards pain, beliefs about children's pain, perceptions of children's reports of pain, self-efficacy with regard to pain management, and perceptions of barriers to optimal practice were all considered to be relevant factors...
May 26, 2017: Compr Child Adolesc Nurs
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28545320/the-influence-of-pain-related-beliefs-on-physical-activity-and-health-attitudes-in-patients-with-claudication-a-pilot-study
#10
Sherene E Sharath, Panos Kougias, Neal R Barshes
We examined how pain beliefs are related to symptom severity, expectations of risk/benefits, and baseline physical activity among claudicants. Eligible patients at the Michael E DeBakey Veterans Affairs Medical Center were administered questionnaires that measured: fear-avoidance beliefs (Fear-Avoidance Beliefs Questionnaire [FABQ]), walking impairment, baseline physical activity, claudication type, and risk/benefit attitudes. Among 20 participants, the median age was 69 years (IQR: 66-75). In our efforts to understand how fear-avoidance beliefs influenced physical activity among people with claudication, we found that 12 participants (63%) thought that the primary etiology of their pain was walking, while 18 (90%) people thought that walking would exacerbate their leg symptoms - suggesting that there was some confusion regarding the effects of walking on claudication...
May 1, 2017: Vascular Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28505479/women-s-self-reported-experience-of-unplanned-caesarean-section-results-of-a-swedish-study
#11
Annika Karlström
BACKGROUND: women´s experience of emergency caesarean section is often described as less positive compared to a vaginal birth or a planned caesarean section. Midwifery care for women where deviations from a normal birth process are present is a challenge. The aim of study was to compare self-reported birth outcomes for women undergoing birth through spontaneous onset of labour between those who actually had a vaginal birth and those who eventually had an emergency caesarean section. DESIGN AND SETTING: the study was part of a prospective longitudinal cohort study of parents' experiences, attitudes, and beliefs related to childbirth...
April 27, 2017: Midwifery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28491314/major-depressive-disorder-with-religious-struggle-and-completed-suicide-after-hair-transplantation
#12
Mehmet Emin Ceylan, Barış Önen Ünsalver, Alper Evrensel
OBJECTIVES: Psychological outcomes of aesthetic surgical procedures like hair transplantation are mostly positive including decreased anxiety, depression and social phobia and increased general well-being, self-efficacy and self-esteem. However, some patients may suffer from post-surgical depression and post-surgical increased suicide rates have been reported for breast augmentation patients. Difficulty adapting to the new image, unfulfilled psychological needs expected to be met by the surgery, side effects of the surgery like tissue swelling or bruising, uncontrolled pain, presence of body dysmorphic disorder and previous history of mood disorder may be some of the risk factors for post-surgical depression...
2017: SAGE open medical case reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28480437/bibliometric-analysis-of-acupuncture-research-fronts-and-their-worldwide-distribution-over-three-decades
#13
Jun-Ying Fu, Xu Zhang, Yun-Hua Zhao, He-Feng Tong, Dar-Zen Chen, Mu-Hsuan Huang
BACKGROUND: Considerable research has been conducted on acupuncture worldwide. This study chronologically examined the changing features and research fronts of acupuncture and elucidated the differences among the six most productive countries. METHODS: Bibliographic coupling is a powerful tool for identifying the research fronts of a field. Acupuncture-related publications worldwide and from the six most productive countries during 1983-2012 were retrieved from the Science Citation Index Expanded and Social Science Citation Index...
2017: African Journal of Traditional, Complementary, and Alternative Medicines: AJTCAM
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28460690/pain-catastrophizing-moderates-changes-in-spinal-control-in-response-to-noxiously-induced-low-back-pain
#14
Gwyneth B Ross, Peter J Sheahan, Brian Mahoney, Brendon J Gurd, Paul W Hodges, Ryan B Graham
It is generally accepted that spine control and stability are relevant for the prevention and rehabilitation of low back pain (LBP). However, there are conflicting results in the literature in regards to how these variables are modified in the presence of LBP. The aims of the present work were twofold: (1) to use noxious stimulation to induce LBP in healthy individuals to assess the direct effects of pain on control (quantified by the time-dependent behavior of kinematic variance), and (2) to assess whether the relationship between pain and control is moderated by psychological features (i...
April 19, 2017: Journal of Biomechanics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28442462/patients-and-physiotherapists-belief-in-and-use-of-acupuncture-for-cancer-related-symptoms
#15
Anna Enblom
BACKGROUND: It is important to investigate attitudes to acupuncture, because therapists' and patients' expectations may affect the treatment outcome. AIM: To explore the use of and belief in acupuncture among oncological physiotherapists and to explore patients' interest in receiving acupuncture during cancer therapy and their belief in its effectiveness. METHODS: 522 patients (80% female, mean age 67 years) reported on their interest in receiving acupuncture for nausea during radiotherapy treatment; a subgroup (n=198) additionally disclosed their belief in the effectiveness of acupuncture...
April 25, 2017: Acupuncture in Medicine: Journal of the British Medical Acupuncture Society
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28442282/attitude-and-intention-regarding-pain-management-among-chinese-nursing-students-a-cross-sectional-questionnaire-survey
#16
Liang-Yu Fang, Yin-Chuan Xu, Dan-Ni Lin, Jing-Feng Jin, Min Yan
Optimal pain management is a priority in effective nursing care. Lack of sufficient pain knowledge associated with inadequate pain management has been proved. However, the intention, defined as the predictor of behavior, regarding pain management remains unknown. Therefore, the study was to determine the attitude and intention regarding pain management among Chinese nursing students and investigate the underlying determinants and their interactions in terms of intention toward pain management. The Pain Management Survey Questionnaire, comprising the key determinants of the theory of planned behavior-that is, direct attitude, belief-based intention, subjective norm, direct control, and indirect control-was used to collect data from 512 nursing students who undertook clinical rotation in an affiliated hospital of a medical college in China...
April 23, 2017: Pain Management Nursing: Official Journal of the American Society of Pain Management Nurses
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28438497/theory-of-planned-behavior-constructs-associated-with-nurses-pain-assessment-and-pro-re-nata-prn-opioid-analgesic-administration-a-cross-sectional-study
#17
Phichpraorn Youngcharoen, Catherine Vincent, Chang G Park
Little theory-based research has been performed to better understand nurses' perceptions of pain management. Framed by the theory of planned behavior, the aims of the study were to describe nurses' beliefs (behavioral, normative, and control) about pain management for hospitalized elderly patients with postoperative pain; to present an item analysis for beliefs, attitudes, perceived norms, perceived behavioral control, intentions, and behaviors (measured in case study vignettes) for nurses (a) with different durations of nursing experience, (b) working in university, public health, and military hospitals, and (c) who either had or had not received pain management training in the past six months; and to compare differences in the constructs across these three groups...
June 2017: Pain Management Nursing: Official Journal of the American Society of Pain Management Nurses
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28405034/a-multicentre-survey-of-the-current-acute-post-operative-pain-management-practices-in-tertiary-care-teaching-hospitals-in-maharashtra
#18
Samina Khaliloddin Khatib, Syed Shamim Razvi, Sadhana Sudhir Kulkarni, Swapnil Parab
BACKGROUND AND AIMS: Undertreated pain can have negative consequences on patients' health as well as the health-care system. The present study was aimed at identifying the current trends in post-operative pain management and availability of acute pain services (APS). In addition, it is also an attempt to assess the availability of analgesia for non-surgical cases, and the attitudes, beliefs, and perceptions of clinicians regarding acute pain management in the tertiary hospitals in the state of Maharashtra (India)...
March 2017: Indian Journal of Anaesthesia
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28399870/the-role-of-traditional-healers-in-the-diagnosis-and-management-of-burkitt-lymphoma-in-cameroon-understanding-the-challenges-and-moving-forward
#19
Glenn M Afungchwi, Peter B Hesseling, Elena J Ladas
BACKGROUND: Burkittlymphoma(BL) is the most common childhood cancer in Cameroon with a reported incidence of 3 per 100,000 children under 15 years in the Northwest region. Treatment at three Baptist mission hospitals has a recorded cure rate of over 50%. Traditional medicine(TM) is recognized by the national health system, but its scope is undefined and entraps children with BL. The aim of this study was to investigate the attitudes and practices of parents and traditional healers (TH) towards TM in children with BL in order to develop recommendations for an integrative approach and improved access to life-saving treatment for children with BL...
April 11, 2017: BMC Complementary and Alternative Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28374448/-i-call-it-stinkin-thinkin-a-qualitative-analysis-of-metacognition-in-people-with-chronic-low-back-pain-and-elevated-catastrophizing
#20
Robert Schütze, Clare Rees, Helen Slater, Anne Smith, Peter O'Sullivan
OBJECTIVES: Pain catastrophizing is widely studied in quantitative pain research because of its strong link with poor pain outcomes, although the exact nature of this construct remains unclear. Focusing on its ruminative dimension, the present qualitative study aimed to explore a nascent aspect of pain catastrophizing - metacognition - by documenting people's attitudes towards rumination and examining how these metacognitions might influence the course it takes. DESIGN: Qualitative interview study...
April 3, 2017: British Journal of Health Psychology
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