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Pain attitudes beliefs

Anaïs Lacasse, Judy-Ann Connelly, Manon Choinière
Background. In order to better design awareness programs on chronic pain (CP), measurement of knowledge, beliefs, and attitudes of people in the community towards this condition is most useful. Objectives. To develop and validate a French-Canadian scale that could be used for this purpose. Methods. Items of the Chronic Pain Myth Scale (CPMS) were developed based on different information sources, reviewed by pain experts, and pretested. The CPMS was administered to 1555 participants among the general Quebec population...
2016: Pain Research & Management: the Journal of the Canadian Pain Society
M Carrington Reid
Clinicians are often challenged to find targets for intervention in older adults with chronic pain. This article highlights 3 targets clinicians should consider when formulating their multimodal treatment plans to include older patients' attitudes and beliefs about pain and pain treatments, expectations regarding treatment outcomes, and pleasurable activity pursuits.
November 2016: Clinics in Geriatric Medicine
Jonathan G Quicke, Nadine E Foster, Reuben O Ogollah, Peter R Croft, Melanie A Holden
Objective To investigate how attitudes and beliefs about exercise relate to physical activity behaviour in older adults with knee pain attributable to osteoarthritis (OA). Design Secondary data analyses of a randomised controlled trial of exercise interventions (ISRCTN 93634563). Participants were adults over 45 years old with knee pain attributable to OA (n=514). Crude and adjusted cross-sectional and longitudinal associations between baseline i) Self-Efficacy for Exercise (SEE), ii) Positive Outcome Expectations for Exercise (POEE), iii) Negative Outcome Expectations for Exercise (NOEE) and physical activity level at baseline, 3 and 6 months follow-up (measured by the self-report Physical Activity Scale for the Elderly (PASE)) and important increase in physical activity level (from baseline to 6 month follow-up) were investigated using multiple linear and logistic regression...
October 1, 2016: Arthritis Care & Research
Luiza F Teixeira, Leani S M Pereira, Silvia L A Silva, João M D Dias, Rosângela C Dias
Background: The attitudes and beliefs that older people have about acute low back pain (LBP) may influence the coping mechanisms and the adoption of treatment strategies in this population. Objective: The aim of this study was to identify the factors associated with the attitudes and beliefs of elderly patients with acute low back pain using the Back Beliefs Questionnaire. Method: This is a cross-sectional study with a subsample of the study "Back Complaints in the Elders" (BACE), composed of 532 older Brazilians of both genders with acute LBP...
September 15, 2016: Brazilian Journal of Physical Therapy
Charles Amoatey Odonkor, William Addison, Sean Smith, Ernest Osei-Bonsu, Teresa Tang, Michael Erdek
OBJECTIVE: [Formula: see text]The goal of this study was to elucidate the attitudes, beliefs, and barriers interfering with cancer pain management, the degree of barrier interference with trainees' care of patients, and the relationships among prohibitive factors to pain management for physicians in a low-middle-income countries (LMICs) vs high-income countries (HICs). DESIGN AND SETTING:  A multi-institutional cross-sectional survey of physicians in specialties with a focus in pain management training was performed...
September 20, 2016: Pain Medicine: the Official Journal of the American Academy of Pain Medicine
Aoife Synnott, Mary O'Keeffe, Samantha Bunzli, Wim Dankaerts, Peter O'Sullivan, Katie Robinson, Kieran O'Sullivan
QUESTION: What are physiotherapists' perspectives on managing the cognitive, psychological and social dimensions of chronic low back pain after intensive biopsychosocial training? DESIGN: Qualitative study design using semi-structured interviews to explore physiotherapists' perceptions of their identification and treatment of the biopsychosocial dimensions of chronic low back pain after intensive Cognitive Functional Therapy (CFT) training. PARTICIPANTS: Thirteen qualified physiotherapists from four countries who had received specific CFT training...
October 2016: Journal of Physiotherapy
Nicholas D Hughes, S José Closs, Kate Flemming, Michael I Bennett
PURPOSE: The aim of the study is to ascertain the views of specialist palliative care professionals on patient self-management of cancer pain in order to inform the development of a new educational intervention to support self-management. METHODS: This is a qualitative research study using focus group interviews. RESULTS: Participants viewed self-management of cancer pain as desirable and achievable but also as something that could be problematic...
August 24, 2016: Supportive Care in Cancer: Official Journal of the Multinational Association of Supportive Care in Cancer
Clair M Jacobs, Beth J Guildford, Warren Travers, Megan Davies, Lance M McCracken
This study aimed to investigate the impact of a brief psychologically informed physiotherapy training (PIPT) course on physiotherapists' attitudes and beliefs towards working with people with chronic pain. Specifically, the training aimed to help the participants better recognise the role of psychosocial factors in chronic pain and to better target the key processes of the psychological flexibility (PF) model in their treatment interactions. A total of 26 physiotherapists working in an outpatient musculoskeletal (MSK) department participated in the 7-hour training session...
February 2016: British Journal of Pain
Esther F Afolalu, Corran Moore, Fatanah Ramlee, Claire E Goodchild, Nicole K Y Tang
STUDY OBJECTIVES: Dysfunctional beliefs and attitudes about sleep is a cognitive-behavioral factor central to the development and perpetuation of insomnia. Previous works to unravel the complex interrelationship between pain and insomnia have not explored the role of inflexible beliefs about the sleep-pain interaction, possibly due to a lack of a valid instrument for doing so. The current study evaluated the psychometric and functional properties of a 10-item Pain-Related Beliefs and Attitudes about Sleep (PBAS) scale...
2016: Journal of Clinical Sleep Medicine: JCSM: Official Publication of the American Academy of Sleep Medicine
F M Shorthouse, V Roffi, C Tack
BACKGROUND: Low back pain (LBP) in association with occupation is well documented. A subpopulation of workers can be defined as 'non-heavy' manual workers with either light or sedentary roles who may be at risk of LBP due to insufficient physical activity. Educational materials are a potential intervention, which are cost-effective and easily targeted at this population. AIMS: To investigate the evidence for using information material among 'non-heavy' manual workers and the effect on their sickness absence...
July 18, 2016: Occupational Medicine
Patrick Peretti-Watel, Lisa Fressard, Aurélie Bocquier, Pierre Verger
OBJECTIVE: The present paper investigates on lay people's beliefs regarding cancer risk factors' and their correlates, especially people's socioeconomic status (SES), as they may heavily contribute to social health inequalities. METHODS: We used data from the 2010 Baromètre Cancer, a national representative telephone survey conducted in France (N = 3359, age 15-75, participation rate 52%). RESULTS: Respondents differentiate behavioral factors (smoking, drinking, unprotected sun exposure, etc...
June 2016: Preventive Medicine Reports
André E Bussières, Fadi Al Zoubi, Kent Stuber, Simon D French, Jill Boruff, John Corrigan, Aliki Thomas
BACKGROUND: Evidence-based practice (EBP) gaps are widespread across health disciplines. Understanding factors supporting the uptake of evidence can inform the design of strategies to narrow these EBP gaps. Although research utilization (RU) and the factors associated with EBP have been reported in several health disciplines, to date this area has not been reviewed comprehensively in the chiropractic profession. The purpose of this review was to report on the current state of knowledge on EBP, RU, and knowledge translation (KT) in chiropractic...
2016: BMC Complementary and Alternative Medicine
Yolanda Godoy, Clara Godoy, Juan Reyes
The purpose of this work was to explore: knowledge, attitudes, and beliefs regarding gynecologic cancer screening on Ecuadorian women users of primary care facilities, to identify the social representations that users of health services make about these programs and their influence on the decision to undergo a screening. An exploratory and qualitative research design was held using focus groups and in-depth interviews for data collection. A narrative content analysis of the results was conducted. Women's knowledge on gynecological cancer screening was confusing...
June 2016: Revista da Escola de Enfermagem da U S P
Phichpraorn Youngcharoen, Catherine Vincent, Chang G Park, Colleen Corte, Amy R Eisenstein, Diana J Wilkie
Using the theory of planned behavior, the study aim was to determine the relationships among nurses' beliefs, attitudes, perceived norms, perceived behavioral control, intentions, and behavior regarding pain management for hospitalized elderly patients with postoperative pain. A cross-sectional design was used with a convenience sample of 140 nurses working in adult surgical units at three hospitals. Based on path analyses, nurses' behavioral, normative, and control beliefs, respectively, had direct effects on their attitudes, perceived norms, and perceived behavioral control regarding pain management...
June 13, 2016: Western Journal of Nursing Research
Alene Kennedy-Hendricks, Emma E McGinty, Colleen L Barry
Opioid pain reliever addiction has increased among women of reproductive age over the last fifteen years. News media and public attention have focused on the implications of this trend for infants exposed to opioids prenatally, with state policy responses varying in the extent to which they are punitive or public health oriented. We fielded a six-group randomized experiment among a nationally representative sample of US adults to test the effects of narratives portraying a woman with opioid pain reliever addiction during pregnancy on beliefs about people addicted to opioid pain relievers, perceptions of treatment effectiveness, policy attitudes, and emotional responses...
October 2016: Journal of Health Politics, Policy and Law
Christopher P Dwyer, Hannah Durand, Pádraig MacNeela, Bronagh Reynolds, Robert M Hamm, Christopher J Main, Laura L O'Connor, Sinéad Conneely, Darragh Taheny, Brian W Slattery, Ciaran O'Neill, Saoirse NicGabhainn, Andrew W Murphy, Thomas Kropmans, Brian E McGuire
INTRODUCTION: Chronic lower back pain (CLBP) is a major healthcare problem with wide ranging effects. It is a priority for appropriate management of CLBP to get individuals back to work as early as possible. Interventions that identify biopsychosocial barriers to recovery have been observed to lead to successfully reduced pain-related work absences and increased return to work for individuals with CLBP. Modern conceptualisations of pain adopt a biopsychosocial approach, such as the flags approach...
2016: BMJ Open
Sheera Epstein-Sher, Dena H Jaffe, Amnon Lahad
STUDY DESIGN: Cross sectional survey of 145 primary care practitioners (PCPs) OBJECTIVE.: To examine low back pain (LBP) guideline knowledge, readiness to implement these guidelines, and LBP attitudes and beliefs among Israeli PCPs and determine whether physician age, guideline familiarity, and medical specialty affect these variables. SUMMARY OF BACKGROUND DATAE: LBP is a common condition managed primarily by PCPs. Little is known, however about physician LBP knowledge, attitudes, and beliefs (KA&B) and how these factors [knowledge, A&B] influence their practice behavior...
May 24, 2016: Spine
Nicolaas D Eland, Alice Kvåle, Raymond W J G Ostelo, Liv Inger Strand
BACKGROUND AND PURPOSE: The Pain Attitudes and Beliefs Scale for Physiotherapists (PABS-PT) is a self-administered instrument developed to assess the strength of two possible treatment orientations of physiotherapists towards the management of low back pain. The aim of this study was to translate the PABS-PT into Norwegian from the original 36-item Dutch version and to examine its dimensionality and internal consistency. METHODS: The Norwegian version was generated in a forward-backward translation procedure...
May 20, 2016: Physiotherapy Research International: the Journal for Researchers and Clinicians in Physical Therapy
Susan L Calcaterra, Anne D Drabkin, Sarah E Leslie, Reina Doyle, Stephen Koester, Joseph W Frank, Jennifer A Reich, Ingrid A Binswanger
BACKGROUND: Pain is a frequent symptom among patients in the hospital. Pain management is a key quality indicator for hospitals, and hospitalists are encouraged to frequently assess and treat pain. Optimal opioid prescribing, described as safe, patient-centered, and informed opioid prescribing, may be at odds with the priorities of current hospital care, which focuses on patient-reported pain control rather than the potential long-term consequences of opioid use. OBJECTIVE: We aimed to understand physicians' attitudes, beliefs, and practices toward opioid prescribing during hospitalization and discharge...
August 2016: Journal of Hospital Medicine: An Official Publication of the Society of Hospital Medicine
Mathew J Baldwin, Karolina Wartolowska, Andrew J Carr
BACKGROUND: The aim of this study was to investigate the beliefs and attitudes of trainee surgeons regarding placebo interventions, in surgical practice and in research, and to compare them to those of senior orthopaedic surgeons. METHODS: An invitation to participate in an online survey was sent to all the email addresses in the members' database of the British Orthopaedic Trainees Association (BOTA). RESULTS: All 987 members of BOTA were invited to participate in the survey and 189 responded (19 %)...
2016: BMC Surgery
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