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Pain attitudes beliefs

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28858681/investigation-of-four-self-report-instruments-fabt-tsk-hc-back-paq-hc-pairs-to-measure-healthcare-practitioners-attitudes-and-beliefs-toward-low-back-pain-reliability-convergent-validity-and-survey-of-new-zealand-osteopaths-and-manipulative-physiotherapists
#1
Robert W Moran, Wendy M Rushworth, Jesse Mason
BACKGROUND: Healthcare practitioner beliefs influence advice and management provided to patients with back pain. Several instruments measuring practitioner beliefs have been developed but psychometric properties for some have not been investigated. AIMS: To investigate internal consistency, test-retest reliability and convergent validity of the Fear Avoidance Beliefs Tool (FABT), the Tampa Scale of Kinesiophobia for Health Care Providers (TSK-HC), the Back Pain Attitudes Questionnaire (Back-PAQ), and the Health Care Pain and Impairment Relationship Scale (HC-PAIRS)...
August 23, 2017: Musculoskeletal Science & Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28855788/an-abbreviated-therapeutic-neuroscience-education-session-improves-pain-knowledge-in-first-year-physical-therapy-students-but-does-not-change-attitudes-or-beliefs
#2
Terry Cox, Adriaan Louw, Emilio J Puentedura
OBJECTIVE: To determine if a 3-hour therapeutic neuroscience education session alters physical therapy student's knowledge of pain and effects their attitudes and beliefs regarding treating chronic pain. METHODS: Seventy-seven entry-level doctoral physical therapy students participated in the study. Following consent, demographic data were obtained and then the subjects completed the Neuroscience of Pain Questionnaire, the Health Care Provider's Pain and Impairment Relationship Scale and an additional questionnaire designed by the researchers...
February 2017: Journal of Manual & Manipulative Therapy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28853448/use-of-medicines-adherence-and-attitudes-to-medicines-among-persons-with-chronic-spinal-cord-injury
#3
H Høgholen, A Storhaug, K Kvernrød, E Kostovski, K K Viktil, L Mathiesen
STUDY DESIGN: A cross-sectional study. OBJECTIVES: To describe the use of medicines and adherence among persons with spinal cord injury (SCI). Further, to examine the influence of pain, spasms and beliefs about medicines on adherence. SETTING: Sunnaas Rehabilitation Hospital, Norway. METHODS: Persons (⩾18 years) with chronic SCI (more than 1-year post injury), using at least one drug regularly, and admitted for a follow-up stay at Sunnaas Rehabilitation Hospital were included...
August 29, 2017: Spinal Cord
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28833784/menstruation-objectification-and-health-related-quality-of-life-a-questionnaire-study
#4
Herdís Sveinsdóttir
AIM: To explore young women's health-related quality of life (HRQOL) and investigate if menstrual and menarche experiences and objectification predict mental and physical health components of HRQOL. BACKGROUND: Menstruation plays a fundamental role in female biology, in women's relationship to their bodies and consequently in women's health and their HRQOL. DESIGN: Cross-sectional explorative survey design. METHOD: A questionnaire that included the SF-36v2, the Self-Objectification Questionnaire, the Body Surveillance and Body Shame subscales of the Objectified Body Consciousness Scale, the Belief and Attitudes Towards Menstruation Questionnaire (4 subscales), and questions on menarche and menstruation was administered at the end of 2013 to 319 Icelandic women who represented the population by age...
August 22, 2017: Journal of Clinical Nursing
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28796754/perioperative-patient-beliefs-regarding-potential-effectiveness-of-marijuana-cannabinoids-for-treatment-of-pain-a-prospective-population-survey
#5
Yury Khelemsky, Andrew T Goldberg, Yasmin L Hurd, Gary Winkel, Allen Ninh, Lucia Qian, Anna Oprescu, Jeffrey Ciccone, Daniel J Katz
BACKGROUND AND OBJECTIVES: Cannabinoids have an expanding presence in medicine. Perioperative patients' perceptions of the effectiveness of these compounds, and acceptance if prescribed for pain, have not been previously described. Our primary objective was to describe patients' beliefs regarding the potential effectiveness of cannabinoids for the treatment of acute and chronic pain, as well as gauge patient acceptance of these compounds if prescribed by a physician. In addition, demographic and pain history data were collected to elucidate the predictors of the aforementioned patient attitudes...
September 2017: Regional Anesthesia and Pain Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28789789/differential-predictors-of-nighttime-and-daytime-sleep-complaints-in-older-adults-with-comorbid-insomnia-and-osteoarthritis-pain
#6
Hsin-Yi Jean Tang, Susan M McCurry, Kenneth C Pike, Michael Von Korff, Michael V Vitiello
OBJECTIVES: Osteoarthritis (OA) is extremely common in older adults, affecting 50% of people aged 65 or older, and more than half of older adults with OA complain of significantly disturbed sleep. This study compared predictors of nighttime sleep complaints and daytime sleep-related consequences as measured by the Insomnia Severity Index (ISI) and Pittsburgh Sleep Quality Index (PSQI) in older adults with comorbid OA pain and insomnia. METHODS: A secondary analysis of baseline data from a large longitudinal randomized controlled trial...
September 2017: Journal of Psychosomatic Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28768467/challenges-experienced-during-rehabilitation-after-traumatic-multiple-rib-fractures-a-qualitative-study
#7
Jacqueline Claydon, Gregory Maniatopoulos, Lisa Robinson, Paul Fearon
BACKGROUND: People with multiple rib fractures rarely receive rehabilitation aimed specifically at their chest wall injuries. This research explores patient perceptions of rehabilitation and recovery. MATERIALS AND METHODS: A qualitative study exploring how a purposive sample of 15 people with traumatic multiple rib fractures at a Major Trauma Centre in the United Kingdom make sense of their recovery. Data collected during one-to-one interviews 4 to 9 months after injury...
August 2, 2017: Disability and Rehabilitation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28709405/rehabilitation-access-and-effectiveness-for-persons-with-back-pain-the-protocol-of-a-cohort-study-rehab-bp-drks00011554
#8
Matthias Bethge, Kerstin Mattukat, David Fauser, Wilfried Mau
BACKGROUND: Back pain is one of the most common chronic diseases in Germany and has a major impact on work ability and social participation. The German Pension Insurance (GPI) is the main provider of medical rehabilitation to improve work ability and prevent disability pensions in Germany. However, over half of the persons granted a disability pension have never used a medical rehabilitation service. Furthermore, evidence on the effects of medical rehabilitation in Germany is inconclusive...
July 14, 2017: BMC Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28655562/physiotherapists-beliefs-and-attitudes-influence-clinical-practice-in-chronic-low-back-pain-a-systematic-review-of-quantitative-and-qualitative-studies
#9
Tania Gardner, Kathryn Refshauge, Lorraine Smith, James McAuley, Markus Hübscher, Stephen Goodall
QUESTION: What influence do physiotherapists' beliefs and attitudes about chronic low back pain have on their clinical management of people with chronic low back pain? DESIGN: Systematic review with data from quantitative and qualitative studies. Quantitative and qualitative studies were included if they investigated an association between physiotherapists' attitudes and beliefs about chronic low back pain and their clinical management of people with chronic low back pain...
July 2017: Journal of Physiotherapy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28650061/-effectiveness-of-education-based-on-neuroscience-in-the-treatment-of-musculoskeletal-chronic-pain
#10
J D Cuenda-Gago, L Espejo-Antunez
INTRODUCTION: Chronic pain is one of the most frequent health, economic and social problems. Given this, numerous approaches have been described, one of which is pain neuroscience education. AIM: To examine the effectiveness of pain neuroscience education in the treatment of musculoskeletal disorders with chronic pain and to explore the impact of specific aspects of the technique on its effectiveness. MATERIAL AND METHODS: Relevant studies published between 2000 and 2015 were identified by searching PubMed, Scopus and Web of Science...
July 1, 2017: Revista de Neurologia
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28624759/gps-attitudes-beliefs-and-behaviours-regarding-exercise-for-chronic-knee-pain-a-questionnaire-survey
#11
Elizabeth Cottrell, Nadine E Foster, Mark Porcheret, Trishna Rathod, Edward Roddy
OBJECTIVES: The aim of this study was to investigate general practitioners' (GPs) attitudes, beliefs and behaviours regarding the use of exercise for patients with chronic knee pain (CKP) attributable to osteoarthritis. SETTING: Primary care GPs in the UK. PARTICIPANTS: 5000 GPs, randomly selected from Binley's database, were mailed a cross-sectional questionnaire survey. OUTCOME MEASURES: GPs' attitudes and beliefs were investigated using attitude statements, and reported behaviours were identified using vignette-based questions...
June 17, 2017: BMJ Open
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28615327/where-are-we-now-a-multicountry-qualitative-study-to-explore-access-to-pre-antiretroviral-care-services-a-precursor-to-antiretroviral-therapy-initiation
#12
Dominic Bukenya, Alison Wringe, Mosa Moshabela, Morten Skovdal, Robert Ssekubugu, Sara Paparini, Jenny Renju, Estelle McLean, Oliver Bonnington, Joyce Wamoyi, Janet Seeley
OBJECTIVE: To explore barriers and facilitators to accessing postdiagnosis HIV care in five sub-Saharan African countries. METHODS: In-depth interviews were conducted with 77 people living with HIV (PLHIV) in preantiretroviral therapy care or not-yet-in care and 46 healthcare workers. Participants were purposely selected from health and demographic surveillance sites in Karonga (Malawi), Manicaland (Zimbabwe), uMkhanyakude (South Africa), Kisesa (Tanzania) and Rakai and Kyamulibwa (Uganda)...
June 14, 2017: Sexually Transmitted Infections
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28605305/attitudes-toward-medical-cannabis-legalization-among-serbian-medical-students
#13
Isidora Vujcic, Aleksandar Pavlovic, Eleonora Dubljanin, Jadranka Maksimovic, Aleksandra Nikolic, Sandra Sipetic-Grujicic
BACKGROUND: Currently, medical cannabis polices are experiencing rapid changes, and an increasing number of nations around the world legalize medical cannabis for certain groups of patients, including those in Serbia. OBJECTIVES: To determine medical students' attitudes toward medical cannabis legalization and to examine the factors influencing their attitudes. METHODS: Fourth-year medical students at the Faculty of Medicine, University of Belgrade, had participated in a cross-sectional study...
June 12, 2017: Substance Use & Misuse
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28592147/efficiency-of-three-treatment-strategies-on-occupational-and-quality-of-life-impairments-for-chronic-low-back-pain-patients-is-the-multidisciplinary-approach-the-key-feature-to-success
#14
Yoann Ronzi, Ghislaine Roche-Leboucher, Cyril Bègue, Valerie Dubus, Luc Bontoux, Yves Roquelaure, Isabelle Richard, Audrey Petit
OBJECTIVE: To compare the effectiveness of three treatment strategies for chronic low back pain with varying biomechanical intensity and multidisciplinary approach. METHODS: A monocentric randomized controlled trial with a 12-months follow-up, conducted in the French Valley Loire region from May 2009 to April 2013. Participants were working-aged patients with chronic low back pain referred to a French chronic low back pain care-network to support medical and occupational issues...
January 1, 2017: Clinical Rehabilitation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28555114/attitudes-about-future-genetic-testing-for-posttraumatic-stress-disorder-and-addiction-among-community-based-veterans
#15
Michelle R Lent, Stuart N Hoffman, H Lester Kirchner, Thomas G Urosevich, Joseph J Boscarino, Joseph A Boscarino
This study explored attitudes toward hypothetical genetic testing for posttraumatic stress disorder (PTSD) and addiction among veterans. We surveyed a random sample of community-based veterans (n = 700) by telephone. One year later, we asked the veterans to provide a DNA sample for analysis and 41.9% of them returned the DNA samples. Overall, most veterans were not interested in genetic testing neither for PTSD (61.7%) nor for addiction (68.7%). However, bivariate analyses suggested there was an association between having the condition of interest and the likelihood of genetic testing on a 5-point scale (p < 0...
2017: Frontiers in Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28548542/a-systematic-review-of-the-impact-of-educational-programs-on-factors-that-affect-nurses-post-operative-pain-management-for-children
#16
Nahar AlReshidi, Tony Long, Angela Darvill
Despite extensive research in the international arena into pain and its management, there is, as yet, little research on the topic of pain in children in Saudi Arabia and in the Gulf countries generally. A systematic review was conducted to explore the impact of education programs on factors affecting paediatric nurses' postoperative pain management practice. This was done in order to advise the creation of an educational program for nurses in Saudi Arabia. Knowledge about pain, attitudes towards pain, beliefs about children's pain, perceptions of children's reports of pain, self-efficacy with regard to pain management, and perceptions of barriers to optimal practice were all considered to be relevant factors...
May 26, 2017: Compr Child Adolesc Nurs
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28545320/the-influence-of-pain-related-beliefs-on-physical-activity-and-health-attitudes-in-patients-with-claudication-a-pilot-study
#17
Sherene E Sharath, Panos Kougias, Neal R Barshes
We examined how pain beliefs are related to symptom severity, expectations of risk/benefits, and baseline physical activity among claudicants. Eligible patients at the Michael E DeBakey Veterans Affairs Medical Center were administered questionnaires that measured: fear-avoidance beliefs (Fear-Avoidance Beliefs Questionnaire [FABQ]), walking impairment, baseline physical activity, claudication type, and risk/benefit attitudes. Among 20 participants, the median age was 69 years (IQR: 66-75). In our efforts to understand how fear-avoidance beliefs influenced physical activity among people with claudication, we found that 12 participants (63%) thought that the primary etiology of their pain was walking, while 18 (90%) people thought that walking would exacerbate their leg symptoms - suggesting that there was some confusion regarding the effects of walking on claudication...
May 1, 2017: Vascular Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28505479/women-s-self-reported-experience-of-unplanned-caesarean-section-results-of-a-swedish-study
#18
Annika Karlström
BACKGROUND: women´s experience of emergency caesarean section is often described as less positive compared to a vaginal birth or a planned caesarean section. Midwifery care for women where deviations from a normal birth process are present is a challenge. The aim of study was to compare self-reported birth outcomes for women undergoing birth through spontaneous onset of labour between those who actually had a vaginal birth and those who eventually had an emergency caesarean section. DESIGN AND SETTING: the study was part of a prospective longitudinal cohort study of parents' experiences, attitudes, and beliefs related to childbirth...
April 27, 2017: Midwifery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28491314/major-depressive-disorder-with-religious-struggle-and-completed-suicide-after-hair-transplantation
#19
Mehmet Emin Ceylan, Barış Önen Ünsalver, Alper Evrensel
OBJECTIVES: Psychological outcomes of aesthetic surgical procedures like hair transplantation are mostly positive including decreased anxiety, depression and social phobia and increased general well-being, self-efficacy and self-esteem. However, some patients may suffer from post-surgical depression and post-surgical increased suicide rates have been reported for breast augmentation patients. Difficulty adapting to the new image, unfulfilled psychological needs expected to be met by the surgery, side effects of the surgery like tissue swelling or bruising, uncontrolled pain, presence of body dysmorphic disorder and previous history of mood disorder may be some of the risk factors for post-surgical depression...
2017: SAGE open medical case reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28480437/bibliometric-analysis-of-acupuncture-research-fronts-and-their-worldwide-distribution-over-three-decades
#20
Jun-Ying Fu, Xu Zhang, Yun-Hua Zhao, He-Feng Tong, Dar-Zen Chen, Mu-Hsuan Huang
BACKGROUND: Considerable research has been conducted on acupuncture worldwide. This study chronologically examined the changing features and research fronts of acupuncture and elucidated the differences among the six most productive countries. METHODS: Bibliographic coupling is a powerful tool for identifying the research fronts of a field. Acupuncture-related publications worldwide and from the six most productive countries during 1983-2012 were retrieved from the Science Citation Index Expanded and Social Science Citation Index...
2017: African Journal of Traditional, Complementary, and Alternative Medicines: AJTCAM
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