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Pain attitudes beliefs

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29112988/relationship-between-spending-on-electronic-cigarettes-30-day-use-and-disease-symptoms-among-current-adult-cigarette-smokers-in-the-u-s
#1
Tingting Yao, Wendy Max, Hai-Yen Sung, Stanton A Glantz, Rachel L Goldberg, Julie B Wang, Yingning Wang, James Lightwood, Janine Cataldo
OBJECTIVE: To examine the relationship between spending on electronic cigarettes (e-cigarettes) and disease symptoms compared with the relationship between 30-day e-cigarette use and disease symptoms among adult cigarette smokers in the U.S. METHODS: We analyzed data from the Tobacco and Attitudes Beliefs Survey which included 533 respondents aged 24+ who were current cigarette smokers and e-cigarette ever users. Fifteen self-reported disease symptoms were included as outcome variables...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29108841/a-conceptual-framework-for-understanding-unintended-prolonged-opioid-use
#2
W Michael Hooten, Chad M Brummett, Mark D Sullivan, Jenna Goesling, Jon C Tilburt, Jessica S Merlin, Jennifer L St Sauver, Ajay D Wasan, Daniel J Clauw, David O Warner
An urgent need exists to better understand the transition from short-term opioid use to unintended prolonged opioid use (UPOU). The purpose of this work is to propose a conceptual framework for understanding UPOU that posits the influence of 3 principal domains that include the characteristics of (1) individual patients, (2) the practice environment, and (3) opioid prescribers. Although no standardized method exists for developing a conceptual framework, the process often involves identifying corroborative evidence, leveraging expert opinion to identify factors for inclusion in the framework, and developing a graphic depiction of the relationships between the various factors and the clinical problem of interest...
November 3, 2017: Mayo Clinic Proceedings
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29078081/what-do-physiotherapists-and-manual-handling-advisors-consider-the-safest-lifting-posture-and-do-back-beliefs-influence-their-choice
#3
David Nolan, Kieran O'Sullivan, John Stephenson, Peter O'Sullivan, Michael Lucock
BACKGROUND: It is commonly believed lifting is dangerous and the back should be straight during lifting. These beliefs may arise from healthcare professionals, yet no study has evaluated the lifting and back beliefs of manual handling advisors (MHAs) and physiotherapists (PTs). OBJECTIVES: To evaluate (i) what lifting technique MHAs and PTs perceive as safest, and why, and (ii) the back pain beliefs of MHAs and PTs. DESIGN: Data was collected via an electronic survey...
October 18, 2017: Musculoskeletal Science & Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29067259/the-barbados-insulin-matters-bim-study-barriers-to-insulin-therapy-among-a-population-based-sample-of-people-with-type-2-diabetes-in-the-caribbean-island-of-barbados
#4
Charles G Taylor, Gordon Taylor, Anique Atherley, Ian Hambleton, Nigel Unwin, O Peter Adams
AIM: The purpose of this study was to document in people with type 2 diabetes (T2DM) in Barbados, attitudes and beliefs that may result in psychological insulin resistance. METHODS: A representative, population-based, sample of 175 eligible people with T2DM 25 years of age and over was surveyed by telephone. The 20-item insulin treatment appraisal scale (ITAS) was administered (score range 20 to 100 for positive to negative perceptions). RESULTS: 117 people participated (67% response rate, 32% male, mean age 66 years, 90% Black, 22% on insulin)...
June 2017: Journal of Clinical & Translational Endocrinology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29058371/integrative-review-of-cervical-cancer-screening-in-western-asian-and-middle-eastern-arab-countries
#5
REVIEW
Suhailah Ali, Heather Skirton, Maria T Clark, Craig Donaldson
Population-based screening programs have resulted in minimizing mortality and morbidity from cervical cancer. The aim of this integrative review was to explore the factors influencing access of women from Western Asian and Middle Eastern Arab countries to cervical cancer screening. A systematic search for studies conducted in Arab countries in those regions, and published in English between January 2002 and January 2017, was undertaken. Thirteen papers were selected and subjected to quality appraisal. A three step analysis was used, which involved a summary of the evidence, analysis of both quantitative and qualitative data, and integration of the results in narrative form...
October 23, 2017: Nursing & Health Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29032521/learning-from-ujambo-perspectives-on-gynecologic-care-in-african-immigrant-and-refugee-women-in-boston-massachusetts
#6
P K Mehta, K Saia, D Mody, S S Crosby, A Raj, S Maru, L Piwowarczyk
African-born immigrant women, and particularly refugees and asylum seekers, are at risk for reproductive health disparities but inadequately use relevant gynecologic services. We sought to elucidate perspectives on gynecologic care in a population of Congolese and Somali immigrants. We conducted a secondary qualitative analysis of focus group data using a grounded theory approach and the Integrated Behavioral Model as our theoretical framework. Thirty one women participated in six focus groups. Participant beliefs included the states of pregnancy and/or pain as triggers for care, preferences included having female providers and those with familiarity with female genital cutting...
October 14, 2017: Journal of Immigrant and Minority Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28934198/-koko-et-les-lunettes-magiques-an-educational-entertainment-tool-to-prevent-parasitic-worms-and-diarrheal-diseases-in-c%C3%A3-te-d-ivoire
#7
Clémence Essé, Véronique A Koffi, Abel Kouamé, Kouassi Dongo, Richard B Yapi, Honorine M Moro, Christiane A Kouakou, Marta S Palmeirim, Bassirou Bonfoh, Eliézer K N'Goran, Jürg Utzinger, Giovanna Raso
BACKGROUND: Integrated control programs, emphasizing preventive chemotherapy along with health education, can reduce the incidence of soil-transmitted helminthiasis and schistosomiasis. The aim of this study was to develop an educational animated cartoon to improve school children's awareness regarding soil-transmitted helminthiasis, diarrheal diseases, and related hygiene practices in Côte d'Ivoire. The key messages included in the cartoon were identified through prior formative research to specifically address local knowledge gaps...
September 2017: PLoS Neglected Tropical Diseases
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28858681/investigation-of-four-self-report-instruments-fabt-tsk-hc-back-paq-hc-pairs-to-measure-healthcare-practitioners-attitudes-and-beliefs-toward-low-back-pain-reliability-convergent-validity-and-survey-of-new-zealand-osteopaths-and-manipulative-physiotherapists
#8
Robert W Moran, Wendy M Rushworth, Jesse Mason
BACKGROUND: Healthcare practitioner beliefs influence advice and management provided to patients with back pain. Several instruments measuring practitioner beliefs have been developed but psychometric properties for some have not been investigated. AIMS: To investigate internal consistency, test-retest reliability and convergent validity of the Fear Avoidance Beliefs Tool (FABT), the Tampa Scale of Kinesiophobia for Health Care Providers (TSK-HC), the Back Pain Attitudes Questionnaire (Back-PAQ), and the Health Care Pain and Impairment Relationship Scale (HC-PAIRS)...
August 23, 2017: Musculoskeletal Science & Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28855788/an-abbreviated-therapeutic-neuroscience-education-session-improves-pain-knowledge-in-first-year-physical-therapy-students-but-does-not-change-attitudes-or-beliefs
#9
Terry Cox, Adriaan Louw, Emilio J Puentedura
OBJECTIVE: To determine if a 3-hour therapeutic neuroscience education session alters physical therapy student's knowledge of pain and effects their attitudes and beliefs regarding treating chronic pain. METHODS: Seventy-seven entry-level doctoral physical therapy students participated in the study. Following consent, demographic data were obtained and then the subjects completed the Neuroscience of Pain Questionnaire, the Health Care Provider's Pain and Impairment Relationship Scale and an additional questionnaire designed by the researchers...
February 2017: Journal of Manual & Manipulative Therapy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28853448/use-of-medicines-adherence-and-attitudes-to-medicines-among-persons-with-chronic-spinal-cord-injury
#10
H Høgholen, A Storhaug, K Kvernrød, E Kostovski, K K Viktil, L Mathiesen
STUDY DESIGN: A cross-sectional study. OBJECTIVES: To describe the use of medicines and adherence among persons with spinal cord injury (SCI). Further, to examine the influence of pain, spasms and beliefs about medicines on adherence. SETTING: Sunnaas Rehabilitation Hospital, Norway. METHODS: Persons (⩾18 years) with chronic SCI (more than 1-year post injury), using at least one drug regularly, and admitted for a follow-up stay at Sunnaas Rehabilitation Hospital were included...
August 29, 2017: Spinal Cord
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28833784/menstruation-objectification-and-health-related-quality-of-life-a-questionnaire-study
#11
Herdís Sveinsdóttir
AIMS AND OBJECTIVES: To explore young women's health-related quality of life (HRQOL) and investigate whether menstrual and menarche experiences and objectification predict mental and physical health components of HRQOL. BACKGROUND: Menstruation plays a fundamental role in female biology, in women's relationship to their bodies and consequently in women's health and their HRQOL. DESIGN: Cross-sectional explorative survey design. METHOD: A questionnaire that included the SF-36v2, the Self-objectification Questionnaire (SOQ), the Body Surveillance and Body Shame subscales of the Objectified Body Consciousness Scale, the Belief and Attitudes Towards Menstruation Questionnaire (four subscales), and questions on menarche and menstruation was administered at the end of 2013 to 319 Icelandic women who represented the population by age...
August 22, 2017: Journal of Clinical Nursing
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28796754/perioperative-patient-beliefs-regarding-potential-effectiveness-of-marijuana-cannabinoids-for-treatment-of-pain-a-prospective-population-survey
#12
Yury Khelemsky, Andrew T Goldberg, Yasmin L Hurd, Gary Winkel, Allen Ninh, Lucia Qian, Anna Oprescu, Jeffrey Ciccone, Daniel J Katz
BACKGROUND AND OBJECTIVES: Cannabinoids have an expanding presence in medicine. Perioperative patients' perceptions of the effectiveness of these compounds, and acceptance if prescribed for pain, have not been previously described. Our primary objective was to describe patients' beliefs regarding the potential effectiveness of cannabinoids for the treatment of acute and chronic pain, as well as gauge patient acceptance of these compounds if prescribed by a physician. In addition, demographic and pain history data were collected to elucidate the predictors of the aforementioned patient attitudes...
September 2017: Regional Anesthesia and Pain Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28789789/differential-predictors-of-nighttime-and-daytime-sleep-complaints-in-older-adults-with-comorbid-insomnia-and-osteoarthritis-pain
#13
Hsin-Yi Jean Tang, Susan M McCurry, Kenneth C Pike, Michael Von Korff, Michael V Vitiello
OBJECTIVES: Osteoarthritis (OA) is extremely common in older adults, affecting 50% of people aged 65 or older, and more than half of older adults with OA complain of significantly disturbed sleep. This study compared predictors of nighttime sleep complaints and daytime sleep-related consequences as measured by the Insomnia Severity Index (ISI) and Pittsburgh Sleep Quality Index (PSQI) in older adults with comorbid OA pain and insomnia. METHODS: A secondary analysis of baseline data from a large longitudinal randomized controlled trial...
September 2017: Journal of Psychosomatic Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28768467/challenges-experienced-during-rehabilitation-after-traumatic-multiple-rib-fractures-a-qualitative-study
#14
Jacqueline Claydon, Gregory Maniatopoulos, Lisa Robinson, Paul Fearon
BACKGROUND: People with multiple rib fractures rarely receive rehabilitation aimed specifically at their chest wall injuries. This research explores patient perceptions of rehabilitation and recovery. MATERIALS AND METHODS: A qualitative study exploring how a purposive sample of 15 people with traumatic multiple rib fractures at a Major Trauma Centre in the United Kingdom make sense of their recovery. Data collected during one-to-one interviews 4 to 9 months after injury...
August 2, 2017: Disability and Rehabilitation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28709405/rehabilitation-access-and-effectiveness-for-persons-with-back-pain-the-protocol-of-a-cohort-study-rehab-bp-drks00011554
#15
Matthias Bethge, Kerstin Mattukat, David Fauser, Wilfried Mau
BACKGROUND: Back pain is one of the most common chronic diseases in Germany and has a major impact on work ability and social participation. The German Pension Insurance (GPI) is the main provider of medical rehabilitation to improve work ability and prevent disability pensions in Germany. However, over half of the persons granted a disability pension have never used a medical rehabilitation service. Furthermore, evidence on the effects of medical rehabilitation in Germany is inconclusive...
July 14, 2017: BMC Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28655562/physiotherapists-beliefs-and-attitudes-influence-clinical-practice-in-chronic-low-back-pain-a-systematic-review-of-quantitative-and-qualitative-studies
#16
Tania Gardner, Kathryn Refshauge, Lorraine Smith, James McAuley, Markus Hübscher, Stephen Goodall
QUESTION: What influence do physiotherapists' beliefs and attitudes about chronic low back pain have on their clinical management of people with chronic low back pain? DESIGN: Systematic review with data from quantitative and qualitative studies. Quantitative and qualitative studies were included if they investigated an association between physiotherapists' attitudes and beliefs about chronic low back pain and their clinical management of people with chronic low back pain...
July 2017: Journal of Physiotherapy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28650061/-effectiveness-of-education-based-on-neuroscience-in-the-treatment-of-musculoskeletal-chronic-pain
#17
J D Cuenda-Gago, L Espejo-Antunez
INTRODUCTION: Chronic pain is one of the most frequent health, economic and social problems. Given this, numerous approaches have been described, one of which is pain neuroscience education. AIM: To examine the effectiveness of pain neuroscience education in the treatment of musculoskeletal disorders with chronic pain and to explore the impact of specific aspects of the technique on its effectiveness. MATERIAL AND METHODS: Relevant studies published between 2000 and 2015 were identified by searching PubMed, Scopus and Web of Science...
July 1, 2017: Revista de Neurologia
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28624759/gps-attitudes-beliefs-and-behaviours-regarding-exercise-for-chronic-knee-pain-a-questionnaire-survey
#18
Elizabeth Cottrell, Nadine E Foster, Mark Porcheret, Trishna Rathod, Edward Roddy
OBJECTIVES: The aim of this study was to investigate general practitioners' (GPs) attitudes, beliefs and behaviours regarding the use of exercise for patients with chronic knee pain (CKP) attributable to osteoarthritis. SETTING: Primary care GPs in the UK. PARTICIPANTS: 5000 GPs, randomly selected from Binley's database, were mailed a cross-sectional questionnaire survey. OUTCOME MEASURES: GPs' attitudes and beliefs were investigated using attitude statements, and reported behaviours were identified using vignette-based questions...
June 17, 2017: BMJ Open
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28615327/where-are-we-now-a-multicountry-qualitative-study-to-explore-access-to-pre-antiretroviral-care-services-a-precursor-to-antiretroviral-therapy-initiation
#19
MULTICENTER STUDY
Dominic Bukenya, Alison Wringe, Mosa Moshabela, Morten Skovdal, Robert Ssekubugu, Sara Paparini, Jenny Renju, Estelle McLean, Oliver Bonnington, Joyce Wamoyi, Janet Seeley
OBJECTIVE: To explore barriers and facilitators to accessing postdiagnosis HIV care in five sub-Saharan African countries. METHODS: In-depth interviews were conducted with 77 people living with HIV (PLHIV) in pre-antiretroviral therapy care or not-yet-in care and 46 healthcare workers. Participants were purposely selected from health and demographic surveillance sites in Karonga (Malawi), Manicaland (Zimbabwe), uMkhanyakude (South Africa), Kisesa (Tanzania) and Rakai and Kyamulibwa (Uganda)...
July 2017: Sexually Transmitted Infections
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28605305/attitudes-toward-medical-cannabis-legalization-among-serbian-medical-students
#20
Isidora Vujcic, Aleksandar Pavlovic, Eleonora Dubljanin, Jadranka Maksimovic, Aleksandra Nikolic, Sandra Sipetic-Grujicic
BACKGROUND: Currently, medical cannabis polices are experiencing rapid changes, and an increasing number of nations around the world legalize medical cannabis for certain groups of patients, including those in Serbia. OBJECTIVES: To determine medical students' attitudes toward medical cannabis legalization and to examine the factors influencing their attitudes. METHODS: Fourth-year medical students at the Faculty of Medicine, University of Belgrade, had participated in a cross-sectional study...
June 12, 2017: Substance Use & Misuse
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