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Pain attitudes beliefs

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28093690/knowledge-attitudes-and-perceptions-about-routine-childhood-vaccinations-among-jewish-ultra-orthodox-mothers-residing-in-communities-with-low-vaccination-coverage-in-the-jerusalem-district
#1
Chen Stein Zamir, Avi Israeli
Background and aims Childhood vaccinations are an important component of primary prevention. Maternal and Child Health (MCH) clinics in Israel provide routine vaccinations without charge. Several vaccine-preventable-diseases outbreaks (measles, mumps) emerged in Jerusalem in the past decade. We aimed to study attitudes and knowledge on vaccinations among mothers, in communities with low immunization coverage. Methods A qualitative study including focus groups and semi-structured interviews. Results Low immunization coverage was defined below the district's mean (age 2 years, 2013) for measles-mumps-rubella-varicella 1st dose (MMR1\MMRV1) and diphtheria-tetanus-pertussis 4th dose (DTaP4), 96 and 89%, respectively...
January 16, 2017: Maternal and Child Health Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28088505/gaps-in-the-public-s-knowledge-about-chronic-pain-representative-sample-of-hispanic-residents-from-five-states
#2
Barbara J Turner, Yuanyuan Liang, Natalia Rodriguez, Melissa A Valerio, Andrea Rochat, Jennifer S Potter, Paula Winkler
: Educating the general public about chronic pain and its care is a national health priority. We evaluated knowledge, attitudes, and beliefs (KAB) of a five-state, population-based sample of Hispanics aged 35-75 without chronic pain, representing over 8.8 million persons. A web-based survey assessed KAB using an adapted version of the Survey of Pain Attitudes-Brief and self-reported knowledge about chronic pain (nothing, a little, a lot). In unweighted analyses of participants (n=346), mean age was 52...
January 11, 2017: Journal of Pain: Official Journal of the American Pain Society
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28087496/digital-pills-to-measure-opioid-ingestion-patterns-in-emergency-department-patients-with-acute-fracture-pain-a-pilot-study
#3
Peter R Chai, Stephanie Carreiro, Brendan J Innes, Rochelle K Rosen, Conall O'Cleirigh, Kenneth H Mayer, Edward W Boyer
BACKGROUND: Nonadherence to prescribed regimens for opioid analgesic agents contributes to increasing opioid abuse and overdose death. Opioids are frequently prescribed on an as-needed basis, placing the responsibility to determine opioid dose and frequency with the patient. There is wide variability in physician prescribing patterns because of the lack of data describing how patients actually use as-needed opioid analgesics. Digital pill systems have a radiofrequency emitter that directly measures medication ingestion events, and they provide an opportunity to discover the dose, timing, and duration of opioid therapy...
January 13, 2017: Journal of Medical Internet Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28025356/graded-activity-for-older-adults-with-chronic-low-back-pain-program-development-and-mixed-methods-feasibility-cohort-study
#4
Katrin Kuss, Corinna Leonhardt, Sabine Quint, Dagmar Seeger, Michael Pfingsten, Udo Wolf Pt, Heinz-Dieter Basler, Annette Becker
BACKGROUND: Persistent pain is highly prevalent in older adults and can lead to functional limitations in activities of daily living, and to psychosocial distress. There is a lack of established active therapy programs, especially for older adults with chronic pain. OBJECTIVES: To develop a graded activity program and to evaluate its feasibility within a pilot study. DESIGN: Phase I/phase II trial of a complex intervention. A mixed methods design was chosen to evaluate the feasibility, acceptability, and preliminary evidence of effectiveness...
December 2016: Pain Medicine: the Official Journal of the American Academy of Pain Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27995547/a-comparison-of-deceptive-and-non-deceptive-placebo-analgesia-efficacy-and-ethical-consequences
#5
Jennifer M Mundt, Daniela Roditi, Michael E Robinson
BACKGROUND: Research has demonstrated the efficacy of analgesic placebos. The manner in which they are usually delivered deceptively raises questions about their impact on recipients. However, there has been little empirical investigation into the potential harms of analgesic placebo. Moreover, the role of deception in determining the magnitude of analgesic placebo response remains poorly understood. PURPOSE: This study aimed to investigate the consequences of deceptive placebo analgesia in terms of ethical/psychological effects and efficacy...
December 19, 2016: Annals of Behavioral Medicine: a Publication of the Society of Behavioral Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27993126/what-influences-general-practitioners-use-of-exercise-for-patients-with-chronic-knee-pain-results-from-a-national-survey
#6
Elizabeth Cottrell, Edward Roddy, Trishna Rathod, Mark Porcheret, Nadine E Foster
BACKGROUND: Exercise is a recommended 'core' treatment for chronic knee pain (CKP), however it appears to be underused by general practitioners (GPs). While behavioural theories suggest that attitudes and beliefs influence behaviours, no single theory reliably predicts GPs' behaviours. A theoretical analysis framework, developed from sociocognitive theories, was used to underpin investigation of the key influences associated with GPs' use of exercise for patients with CKP, to inform future interventions to optimise GPs' use of exercise...
December 19, 2016: BMC Family Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27942698/knowledge-of-playing-related-musculoskeletal-disorders-among-classical-piano-students-at-tertiary-institutions-in-malaysia
#7
Chia-Ying Ling, Fung-Chiat Loo, Titi Rahmawati Hamedon
Performance injuries among musicians have been widely discussed for decades. However, despite the growing number of classical pianists, this is still a new issue in Malaysia. Therefore, this study aimed to investigate the level of knowledge of playing-related musculoskeletal disorders (PRMDs) among tertiary music students in Malaysia. A survey was conducted among classical piano students at tertiary institutions of Kuala Lumpur and Selangor. Out of 192 respondents, 76% knew that piano playing can cause PRMDs...
December 2016: Medical Problems of Performing Artists
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27919369/informing-the-development-of-an-internet-based-chronic-pain-self-management-program
#8
Amédé Gogovor, Regina Visca, Claudine Auger, Lucie Bouvrette-Leblanc, Iphigenia Symeonidis, Lise Poissant, Mark A Ware, Yoram Shir, Natacha Viens, Sara Ahmed
BACKGROUND: Self-management can optimize health outcomes for individuals with chronic pain (CP), an increasing fiscal and social burden in Canada. However, self-management is rarely integrated into the regular care (team activities and medical treatment) patients receive. Health information technology offers an opportunity to provide regular monitoring and exchange of information between patient and care team. OBJECTIVE: To identify information needs and gaps in chronic pain management as well as technology features to inform the development of an Internet-based self-management program...
January 2017: International Journal of Medical Informatics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27889288/quiet-dissent-the-attitudes-beliefs-and-behaviours-of-uk-osteopaths-who-reject-low-back-pain-guidance-a-qualitative-study
#9
Joanna Figg-Latham, Dévan Rajendran
INTRODUCTION: Clinical guidelines are derived from best research evidence and aim to: improve quality of non-specific low back pain (nsLBP) management and identify patients at risk of suffering chronic pain. However, guideline discordant attitudes and beliefs have been identified in healthcare students and practitioners, including osteopaths. DESIGN: A qualitative approach with elements of grounded theory was used to explore underlying attitudes and beliefs of practitioners/students working in a British osteopathic education institution...
October 18, 2016: Manual Therapy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27884071/a-pilot-study-on-the-motivational-effects-of-an-internet-delivered-physical-activity-behaviour-change-programme-in-nova-scotian-cancer-survivors
#10
Cynthia C Forbes, Chris M Blanchard, W Kerry Mummery, Kerry S Courneya
OBJECTIVE: To examine the effects of an internet-delivered, distance-based physical activity (PA) behaviour change programme on motivation to perform PA in cancer survivors. DESIGN: Breast, prostate and colorectal cancer survivors (N = 95) were randomized to either an online Theory of Planned Behaviour (TPB)-based PA behaviour change programme (UCAN) or usual care. MAIN OUTCOME MEASURES: Motivational variables from the TPB including intention, planning, attitude, subjective norm, perceived behavioural control and underlying beliefs...
February 2017: Psychology & Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27878860/the-role-of-menstruation-in-women-s-objectification-a-questionnaire-study
#11
Herdís Sveinsdóttir
AIM: To investigate the concepts of objectification and self-objectification among young women in the context of attitudes towards menstruation, menstrual suppression, menstrual and menarche experiences, disorder eating and exercise habits and to detect predictors of objectification and self-objectification. BACKGROUND: The negative effects of objectification are well founded. Considering the central role menstruation plays in female biology, it comes as quite a surprise that so little attention is given to the subject in the research on objectification...
November 23, 2016: Journal of Advanced Nursing
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27804030/a-cross-sectional-assessment-of-literacy-and-awareness-attitudes-and-beliefs-about-colorectal-cancer-and-its-screening-in-riyadh-region
#12
Khalid M Almutairi, Wadi B Alonazi, Abdulaziz Alodhayani, Jason M Vinluan, Mohammad Ahmad, Sultana Abdulaziz Alhurishi, Nourah Alsadhan, Majed Mohammed Alsalem, Nader Eqaab Alotaibi, Alaa Mustafa Alaqeel
This study aims to explore the association between functional health literacy and awareness for, beliefs, and attitudes of patients with colorectal cancer (CRC) and CRC screening test in Riyadh, Saudi Arabia. A total of 256 participants from two different tertiary level hospitals in Riyadh, Saudi Arabia were recruited in this study. The participants were interviewed by a trained researcher between October and December 2015. All respondents answered a three-part questionnaire which included demographic data, questions related to CRC awareness, attitude, behaviour, and short Test of Functional Health Literacy in Adults (STOFHLA)...
November 2, 2016: Journal of Cancer Education: the Official Journal of the American Association for Cancer Education
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27776797/-patterns-of-prescription-of-opioid-analgesics-in-h%C3%A3-tel-dieu-de-france-of-beyrouth
#13
P Noufi, E Khoury, E Ayoub, N Naccache, S Richa
OBJECTIVES: Use of chronic opioid therapy has increased substantially over the past few years, even though opioid therapy is associated with potentially serious harms, including opioid-related adverse effects and outcomes. Prescription of opioids for chronic pain, particularly nonmalignant chronic pain, remains controversial. In the midst of this controversy, patterns of actual prescription and influences on these patterns are not well understood. This study aims to describe the frequency of prescription of opioid analgesics in a university hospital, the attitudes of doctors towards this category of drugs, and the follow-up modalities of patients taking these drugs...
December 2016: L'Encéphale
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27746680/the-chronic-pain-myth-scale-development-and-validation-of-a-french-canadian-instrument-measuring-knowledge-beliefs-and-attitudes-of-people-in-the-community-towards-chronic-pain
#14
Anaïs Lacasse, Judy-Ann Connelly, Manon Choinière
Background. In order to better design awareness programs on chronic pain (CP), measurement of knowledge, beliefs, and attitudes of people in the community towards this condition is most useful. Objectives. To develop and validate a French-Canadian scale that could be used for this purpose. Methods. Items of the Chronic Pain Myth Scale (CPMS) were developed based on different information sources, reviewed by pain experts, and pretested. The CPMS was administered to 1555 participants among the general Quebec population...
2016: Pain Research & Management: the Journal of the Canadian Pain Society
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27741971/expanding-targets-for-intervention-in-later-life-pain-what-role-can-patient-beliefs-expectations-and-pleasant-activities-play
#15
REVIEW
M Carrington Reid
Clinicians are often challenged to find targets for intervention in older adults with chronic pain. This article highlights 3 targets clinicians should consider when formulating their multimodal treatment plans to include older patients' attitudes and beliefs about pain and pain treatments, expectations regarding treatment outcomes, and pleasurable activity pursuits.
November 2016: Clinics in Geriatric Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27696795/the-relationship-between-attitudes-beliefs-and-physical-activity-in-older-adults-with-knee-pain-secondary-analysis-of-a-randomised-controlled-trial
#16
Jonathan G Quicke, Nadine E Foster, Reuben O Ogollah, Peter R Croft, Melanie A Holden
Objective To investigate how attitudes and beliefs about exercise relate to physical activity behaviour in older adults with knee pain attributable to osteoarthritis (OA). Design Secondary data analyses of a randomised controlled trial of exercise interventions (ISRCTN 93634563). Participants were adults over 45 years old with knee pain attributable to OA (n=514). Crude and adjusted cross-sectional and longitudinal associations between baseline i) Self-Efficacy for Exercise (SEE), ii) Positive Outcome Expectations for Exercise (POEE), iii) Negative Outcome Expectations for Exercise (NOEE) and physical activity level at baseline, 3 and 6 months follow-up (measured by the self-report Physical Activity Scale for the Elderly (PASE)) and important increase in physical activity level (from baseline to 6 month follow-up) were investigated using multiple linear and logistic regression...
October 1, 2016: Arthritis Care & Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27683838/factors-associated-with-attitudes-and-beliefs-of-elders-with-acute-low-back-pain-data-from-the-study-back-complaints-in-the-elders-bace
#17
Luiza F Teixeira, Leani S M Pereira, Silvia L A Silva, João M D Dias, Rosângela C Dias
Background: The attitudes and beliefs that older people have about acute low back pain (LBP) may influence the coping mechanisms and the adoption of treatment strategies in this population. Objective: The aim of this study was to identify the factors associated with the attitudes and beliefs of elderly patients with acute low back pain using the Back Beliefs Questionnaire. Method: This is a cross-sectional study with a subsample of the study "Back Complaints in the Elders" (BACE), composed of 532 older Brazilians of both genders with acute LBP...
November 2016: Brazilian Journal of Physical Therapy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27651511/connecting-the-dots-a-comparative-global-multi-institutional-study-of-prohibitive-factors-affecting-cancer-pain-management
#18
Charles Amoatey Odonkor, William Addison, Sean Smith, Ernest Osei-Bonsu, Teresa Tang, Michael Erdek
OBJECTIVE: [Formula: see text]The goal of this study was to elucidate the attitudes, beliefs, and barriers interfering with cancer pain management, the degree of barrier interference with trainees' care of patients, and the relationships among prohibitive factors to pain management for physicians in a low-middle-income countries (LMICs) vs high-income countries (HICs). DESIGN AND SETTING:  A multi-institutional cross-sectional survey of physicians in specialties with a focus in pain management training was performed...
September 20, 2016: Pain Medicine: the Official Journal of the American Academy of Pain Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27634160/physiotherapists-report-improved-understanding-of-and-attitude-toward-the-cognitive-psychological-and-social-dimensions-of-chronic-low-back-pain-after-cognitive-functional-therapy-training-a-qualitative-study
#19
Aoife Synnott, Mary O'Keeffe, Samantha Bunzli, Wim Dankaerts, Peter O'Sullivan, Katie Robinson, Kieran O'Sullivan
QUESTION: What are physiotherapists' perspectives on managing the cognitive, psychological and social dimensions of chronic low back pain after intensive biopsychosocial training? DESIGN: Qualitative study design using semi-structured interviews to explore physiotherapists' perceptions of their identification and treatment of the biopsychosocial dimensions of chronic low back pain after intensive Cognitive Functional Therapy (CFT) training. PARTICIPANTS: Thirteen qualified physiotherapists from four countries who had received specific CFT training...
October 2016: Journal of Physiotherapy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27557834/supporting-self-management-of-pain-by-patients-with-advanced-cancer-views-of-palliative-care-professionals
#20
Nicholas D Hughes, S José Closs, Kate Flemming, Michael I Bennett
PURPOSE: The aim of the study is to ascertain the views of specialist palliative care professionals on patient self-management of cancer pain in order to inform the development of a new educational intervention to support self-management. METHODS: This is a qualitative research study using focus group interviews. RESULTS: Participants viewed self-management of cancer pain as desirable and achievable but also as something that could be problematic...
August 24, 2016: Supportive Care in Cancer: Official Journal of the Multinational Association of Supportive Care in Cancer
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