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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28645100/interferential-effect-of-the-over-erupted-third-molar-on-chewing-movement
#1
Shaoxiong Guo, Baoyong Li, Kun Qi, Mian Zhang, Han Zhang, Donghui Guo, Xiaodong Liu, Meiqing Wang
OBJECTIVE: To clarify whether over-eruption of the mandibular third molar can disturb chewing movement. METHODS: Eighteen patients with a unilateral mandibular over-erupted third molar confirmed by both study cast observation and T-scan occlusal detection were selected from a sample of patients with complaints of temporomandibular disorder (TMD) symptoms. A unilateral gum-chewing trace was recorded separately for left and right side chewing by an electrognathography system...
June 15, 2017: Archives of Oral Biology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28644282/does-chewing-gum-promote-bowel-function-after-cesarean-section
#2
Amanda Wilson
Editor's note: This is a summary of a nursing care-related systematic review from the Cochrane Library. For more information, see http://nursingcare.cochrane.org.
July 2017: American Journal of Nursing
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28616039/the-brain-activation-pattern-of-the-medial-temporal-lobe-during-chewing-gum-a-functional-mri-study
#3
Youn-Hee Choi, Woo Hyuk Jang, Sang-Uk Im, Keun-Bae Song, Hee-Kyung Lee, Han Do Lee, You Sung Seo, Sung Ho Jang
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
May 2017: Neural Regeneration Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28613965/effect-of-saliva-collection-methods-and-oral-hygiene-on-salivary-biomarkers
#4
Allisson Benatti Justino, Renata Roland Teixeira, Leonardo Gomes Peixoto, Olga Lucia Bocanegra Jaramillo, Foued Salmen Espindola
The aim of this study was to evaluate the influence of unstimulated and stimulated saliva collection methods, as well as tooth brushing, on the secretion rate of salivary total protein, nitrite, total antioxidant capacity and alpha-amylase. Saliva of 14 healthy individuals were collected with stimulation using Salivette(®), Parafilm(®) and chewing gum and without stimulation from spit with and without fluid accumulation, before and after oral hygiene. Total protein, nitrite, total antioxidant capacity and alpha-amylase concentration (sAA) were evaluated...
June 14, 2017: Scandinavian Journal of Clinical and Laboratory Investigation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28603430/self-perception-knowledge-and-awareness-of-halitosis-among-female-university-students
#5
Azizah Bin Mubayrik, Rana Al Hamdan, Emad M Al Hadlaq, Hamad AlBagieh, Dan AlAhmed, Hend Jaddoh, Mawadh Demyati, Rawan Abu Shryei
BACKGROUND: Halitosis or oral malodor is defined as an unpleasant breath odor. It can become a serious problem affecting individuals' social communication and self-confidence. Furthermore, it is a discomforting issue for the people around the person affected, because they consider it embarrassing to inform the person of the problem. AIM: This study was designed to measure self-perception, knowledge, and awareness of halitosis among female university students in Saudi Arabia...
2017: Clinical, Cosmetic and Investigational Dentistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28597323/stent-induced-flow-disturbances-in-the-ipsilateral-external-carotid-artery-following-internal-carotid-artery-stenting-a%C3%A2-temporary-cause-of-jaw-claudication
#6
Georgiana-Aura Giurgea, Markus Haumer, Irene Mlekusch, Schila Sabeti-Sandor, Petra Dick, Martin Schillinger, Erich Minar, Wolfgang Mlekusch
BACKGROUND: We hypothesize that stenting of the internal carotid artery can immediately impede blood flow to the external carotid artery by either plaque shift or stent coverage of the ostium, and thereby cause ischemic symptoms like ipsilateral jaw claudication. METHODS: Thirty-three patients with high-grade asymptomatic stenosis of the internal carotid artery who underwent endovascular treatment were examined by ultrasound of the external carotid artery and performed an exercise test by chewing chewing gum synchronously to an electronic metronome for 3 min...
June 9, 2017: Wiener Klinische Wochenschrift
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28571278/applicability-of-the-cielab-and-ciede2000-formulae-for-detection-of-colour-changes-in-colour-changeable-chewing-gum-for-evaluating-masticatory-function
#7
Yesiboli Yeerken, Takafumi Otomaru, Mohamed Said, Na Li, Hisashi Taniguchi
INTRODUCTION: Mastication is one of the essential stomatognathic functions and is impaired when mandibulectomy is performed for removal of head and neck lesions. AIM: The purpose of this study was to investigate the correlation between perceived chewing ability {Masticatory Score (MS)} and objective mixing ability (∆E) in patients who had undergone marginal mandibulectomy. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Twenty normal dentate subjects as control group and twenty mandibulectomy patients who had undergone marginal mandibulectomy and wearing a dentomaxillary prosthesis were enrolled...
April 2017: Journal of Clinical and Diagnostic Research: JCDR
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28550782/immunofluorescence-evaluation-of-4-hydroxynonenal-and-8-hydroxy-2-deoxyguanosine-activation-in-zebrafish-daino-rerio-larvae-brain-exposed-microinjected-to-propyl-gallate
#8
Ahmet Topal, Selim Çomakli, Mustafa Özkaraca, Alper Baran, Mine Köktürk, Veysel Parlak, Yavuz Selim Sağlam, Muhammed Atamanalp, Saltuk Buğrahan Ceyhun
Propyl gallate (PG) is a chemical compound obtained by esterification of propanol with gallic acid. Due to its antioxidative properties, it is widely used in cosmetics and pharmaceutical industries as well as to protect the oils in foods such as butter, milk-based desserts, chewing gum, mayonnaise, meat, soups, cereals, spices and seasonings from rancidity. This study has been designed to assessment 8-OHdG and 4-HNE activity, and histopathological changes in the brain tissues of zebrafish larvae, which is a lecithotrophic organism, after 96 h of PG exposure via microinjecting to yolk sac of embryo...
May 19, 2017: Chemosphere
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28548212/an-electromyographic-study-on-the-sequential-recruitment-of-bilateral-sternocleidomastoid-and-masseter-muscle-activity-during-gum-chewing
#9
Shao-Xiong Guo, Bao-Yong Li, Yuan Zhang, Li-Juan Zhou, Lu Liu, Sven E Widmalm, Mei-Qing Wang
BACKGROUND: Mandibular functions are associated with electromyographic activity of the jaw muscles and also the sternocleidomastoid muscle (SCM). The precise spatiotemporal relation of SCM and masticatory muscles activities during chewing is worthy of investigation. OBJECTIVE: To analyze the sequential recruitment of SCM and masseter activities during chewing as indicated by the spatiotemporal locations of their activity peaks. METHODS: Jaw movements and bilateral surface electromyographic activity of SCM and masseter were recorded during gum chewing in 20 healthy subjects...
May 26, 2017: Journal of Oral Rehabilitation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28543634/thaumatin-and-gum-arabic-allergy-in-chewing-gum-factory-workers
#10
Mattias P Tschannen, Ulrich Glück, Andreas J Bircher, Ingmar Heijnen, Claudia Pletscher
Thaumatin is a sweetener and flavor modifier commonly used in the food industry. Likewise, gum arabic is widely used as a food stabilizer and thickening agent. We report here that a powder mixture composed of 10% thaumatin and 90% gum arabic led to allergic symptoms in the upper airways in occupationally exposed individuals: four of eight workers of a chewing gum factory exposed to this powder mixture had pronounced rhinitis. A positive skin prick test result for pure thaumatin was obtained in all four individuals with rhinitis of whom two also had a positive skin prick test result for pure gum arabic and gum arabic-specific IgE...
July 2017: American Journal of Industrial Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28502203/chewing-gum-improves-postoperative-recovery-of-gastrointestinal-function-after-cesarean-delivery-a-systematic-review-and-meta-analysis-of-randomized-trials
#11
Andrea Ciardulli, Gabriele Saccone, Daniele Di Mascio, Claudia Caissutti, Vincenzo Berghella
OBJECTIVE: To examine whether chewing gum hastens the return of gastrointestinal function after a cesarean delivery. METHODS: All randomized controlled trials comparing the use of chewing gum in the immediate postoperative recovery period (i.e. intervention group) with a control group were included in the meta-analysis. The primary outcome was the time to first flatus in hours. Meta-analysis was performed using the random effects model of DerSimonian and Laird, to produce summary treatment effects in terms of mean difference (MD) or relative risk (RR) with 95% confidence interval (CI)...
June 6, 2017: Journal of Maternal-fetal & Neonatal Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28474132/what-type-of-food-can-older-adults-masticate-evaluation-of-mastication-performance-using-color-changeable-chewing-gum
#12
Shinichi Wada, Nobuyuki Kawate, Masazumi Mizuma
This study determines if older adults can masticate regular foods via a simple test conducted using a color-changeable chewing gum. Seventy-nine consecutive inpatients of our clinic receiving rehabilitation and general medicine were assessed for eligibility. The inclusion criterion was >65 years. Thirty patients consented to participate. The main outcome variable was the food bolus texture at the swallowing threshold for five regular foods. The main explanatory variable was the a* value of the color-changeable chewing gum after 120 s of chewing (a* represents the degree of color between red and green, and a positive a* value indicates red)...
May 4, 2017: Dysphagia
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28464708/short-term-outcomes-of-colorectal-resection-for-cancer-in-elderly-in-the-era-of-enhanced-recovery
#13
A Venara, J Barbieux, S Mucci, M F Talbot, E Lermite, A Hamy
BACKGROUND AND AIMS: Early rehabilitation protocols should be assessed in elderly. We aimed to study the outcomes of colorectal surgery and the observance of the modalities of an early rehabilitation protocol in patients over 80 years. MATERIAL AND METHODS: All consecutive patients who underwent surgery for colorectal cancer in our center over a 19-month period were included. All of these patients were managed using the same early rehabilitation protocol. Patients older than 80 were compared to younger patients...
May 1, 2017: Scandinavian Journal of Surgery: SJS
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28434680/inhibition-of-denture-plaque-by-tio2-coating-on-denture-base-resins-in-the-mouth
#14
Tomokuni Obata, Takayuki Ueda, Kaoru Sakurai
STATEMENT OF PROBLEM: Information is lacking about antiadhesion effect of titanium dioxide (TiO2) coating on denture base resins in the mouth. PURPOSE: The purpose of this clinical study was to investigate the antiadhesion effect of TiO2 coating on denture base resins. MATERIAL AND METHODS: Ten healthy dentate participants (mean 27 ±2 years of age) participated in this study. Disks and palatal appliances were made with denture base resin...
April 20, 2017: Journal of Prosthetic Dentistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28415967/chewing-gum-for-intestinal-function-recovery-after-caesarean-section-a-systematic-review-and-meta-analysis
#15
Zunjia Wen, Meifen Shen, Chao Wu, Jianping Ding, Binbin Mei
BACKGROUND: Gum chewing has been reported to enhance the intestinal function recovery after caesarean section, current perspectives and practice guidelines vary widely on the use of gum chewing, more studies on the role of gum chewing after caesarean section are needed. METHODS: We performed a comprehensive, systematic meta-analysis of randomized controlled trials (RCTs) on the efficacy of gum chewing after caesarean section. Studies were identified by searching EMBASE et al database (until June 30, 2016)...
April 18, 2017: BMC Pregnancy and Childbirth
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28379983/flavour-enhanced-cortisol-release-during-gum-chewing
#16
Yoko Hasegawa, Yoshihisa Tachibana, Takahiro Ono, Hiromitsu Kishimoto
There is some evidence to suggest that chewing gum reduces chronic stress. However, it remains controversial how the taste and odour properties of chewing gum influence stress. The present study was designed to investigate this issue in human subjects. Using an enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay, we tested salivary cortisol concentration, which is thought to be a stress marker, in 96 adults who chewed gum with different combinations of taste and odour. Subjects could discriminate between the types of gum without prior information...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28360899/members-of-the-oral-microbiota-are-associated-with-il-8-release-by-gingival-epithelial-cells-in-healthy-individuals
#17
Katharina Schueller, Alessandra Riva, Stefanie Pfeiffer, David Berry, Veronika Somoza
The triggers for the onset of oral diseases are still poorly understood. The aim of this study was to characterize the oral bacterial community in healthy humans and its association with nutrition, oral hygiene habits, and the release of the inflammatory marker IL-8 from gingival epithelial cells (GECs) with and without stimulation by bacterial endotoxins to identify possible indicator operational taxonomic units (OTUs) associated with inflammatory marker status. GECs from 21 healthy participants (13 females, 8 males) were incubated with or without addition of bacterial lipopolysaccharides (LPSs), and the oral microbiota was profiled using 16S rRNA gene-targeted sequencing...
2017: Frontiers in Microbiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28353600/influence-of-gum-chewing-on-postoperative-bowel-activity-after-laparoscopic-surgery-for-gastric-cancer-a-randomized-controlled-trial
#18
RANDOMIZED CONTROLLED TRIAL
Bujun Ge, Hongmei Zhao, Rui Lin, Jialiang Wang, Quanning Chen, Liming Liu, Qi Huang
BACKGROUND: In some studies, gum-chewing was demonstrated to have a beneficial effect on resumption of bowel function; however, other contradictory findings in other studies refute the effects of gum-chewing on peristaltic movements and digestive system stimulation. In addition, most previous studies were after colorectal or gynecology surgery, whereas few reports focused on the effect of gum-chewing after gastrectomy. The aim of this randomized controlled trial was to assess the effectiveness of gum-chewing on postoperative bowel function in patients who had undergone laparoscopic gastrectomy...
March 2017: Medicine (Baltimore)
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28303470/the-caries-preventive-effect-of-1-year-use-of-low-dose-xylitol-chewing-gum-a-randomized-placebo-controlled-clinical-trial-in-high-caries-risk-adults
#19
Fabio Cocco, Giovanna Carta, Maria Grazia Cagetti, Laura Strohmenger, Peter Lingström, Guglielmo Campus
OBJECTIVES: The caries preventive effect of long-term use (1 year) of low-dosage (2.5 g/die) of xylitol chewing gum in a high-caries-risk adult population was evaluated. MATERIALS AND METHODS: In this randomized clinical trial, 179 high-caries-risk adults were assigned to two experimental groups, xylitol and polyols. Caries status, salivary mutans streptococci (MS), and plaque pH were re-evaluated after 2 years from baseline in 66 xylitol and 64 polyol subjects...
March 16, 2017: Clinical Oral Investigations
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28297743/a-simple-headspace-gc-ms-method-for-the-quantitative-determination-of-the-release-of-the-antioxidants-butylated-hydroxyanisole-and-butylated-hydroxytoluene-from-chewing-gum
#20
Enrico Davoli, Antonio Bastone, Giancarlo Bianchi, Mario Salmona, Luisa Diomede
RATIONALE: Butylated hydroxyanisole (BHA) and butylated hydroxytoluene (BHT) are widely used to prevent oxidation and rancidity in foodstuffs, pharmaceutical preparations and cosmetic formulations. Although their safety has been thoroughly investigated, possible endocrine side-effects have been suggested. A useful method for the determination of BHA and BHT in foods is needed to estimate their daily intake through the diet. METHODS: We selected commercial chewing gum as a model of complex food matrix and developed a new method based on gas chromatography/mass spectrometry...
March 15, 2017: Rapid Communications in Mass Spectrometry: RCM
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