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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28214402/relationship-between-chewing-ability-and-cognitive-impairment-in-the-rural-elderly
#1
Eun-Kyong Kim, Sung Kook Lee, Youn-Hee Choi, Makiko Tanaka, Kimiko Hirotsu, Hyeon Chang Kim, Hee-Kyung Lee, Yun-Sook Jung, Atsuo Amano
OBJECTIVE: Relationship between masticatory function and cognitive impairment had been suggested but still understudied. We investigated the association between chewing ability and cognitive impairment among the elderly living in a rural region. METHODS: A total of 295 elderly individuals aged ≥70 years in a rural city of Korea participated in a cross-sectional study. Trained nurses conducted interviews and assessed chewing ability using gum that changed color based on chewing performance...
February 11, 2017: Archives of Gerontology and Geriatrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28212110/the-impact-of-chewing-gum-on-halitosis-parameters-a-systematic-review
#2
Francisco Wilker Mustafa Gomes Muniz, Stephanie Anagnostopoulos Friedrich, Carina Folgearini Silveira, Cassiano Kuchenbecker Rösing
This study aimed to analyze the impact of chewing gum on halitosis parameters. Three databases were searched with the following focused question: 'Can chewing gum additionally reduce halitosis parameters, such as organoleptic scores and volatile sulfur compounds (VSC), when compared to a control treatment'? Controlled clinical trials presenting at least two halitosis measurements (organoleptic scores and/or VSC) were included. Ten studies were included, and different active ingredients were used. One study was performed using a chewing gum without any active ingredient...
February 17, 2017: Journal of Breath Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28188449/xylitol-production-by-genetically-modified-industrial-strain-of-saccharomyces-cerevisiae-using-glycerol-as-co-substrate
#3
Anushree B Kogje, Anand Ghosalkar
Xylitol is commercially used in chewing gum and dental care products as a low calorie sweetener having medicinal properties. Industrial yeast strain of S. cerevisiae was genetically modified to overexpress an endogenous aldose reductase gene GRE3 and a xylose transporter gene SUT1 for the production of xylitol. The recombinant strain (XP-RTK) carried the expression cassettes of both the genes and the G418 resistance marker cassette KanMX integrated into the genome of S. cerevisiae. Short segments from the 5' and 3' delta regions of the Ty1 retrotransposons were used as homology regions for integration of the cassettes...
February 10, 2017: Journal of Industrial Microbiology & Biotechnology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28154369/sham-feeding-with-chewing-gum-in-early-stage-of-acute-pancreatitis-a-randomized-clinical-trial
#4
Zongxing Jiang, Hongyin Liang, Zhu Huang, Jiajia Tang, Lijun Tang
BACKGROUND The correlation between sham feeding and acute pancreatitis (AP) has only been examined in limited studies. We aimed to investigate the efficacy and safety of sham feeding in the early stage of AP. MATERIAL AND METHODS A randomized controlled clinical trial was performed. Equal groups of AP patients were recruited. Patients in the sham feeding group received chewing gum 4 times a day after admission. All patients in the trial received standard treatment consistent with the guidelines for AP. The primary outcomes were mortality, length of stay (LOS), and medical expenses...
February 3, 2017: Medical Science Monitor: International Medical Journal of Experimental and Clinical Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28134943/usefulness-of-gum-chewing-to-decrease-postoperative-ileus-in-colorectal-surgery-with-primary-anastomosis-a-randomized-controlled-trial
#5
Omar Vergara-Fernandez, Ana Prixila Gonzalez-Vargas, Juan Carlos Castellanos-Juarez, Noel Salgado-Nesme, Emilio Sanchez-Garcia Ramos
BACKGROUND: Postoperative ileus generates a high impact on morbidity, hospital stay, and costs. OBJECTIVE: To study the efficiency and safety of chewing gum to decrease postoperative ileus in colorectal surgery. METHOD: A randomized controlled trial was performed including 64 patients who underwent elective colorectal surgery with primary anastomosis in a tertiary referral center. Patients were divided in two groups: (i) A: gum chewing group (n = 32), and (ii) B: patients who had standard postoperative recovery (n = 32)...
November 2016: Revista de Investigación Clínica; Organo del Hospital de Enfermedades de la Nutrición
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28127162/comparative-evaluation-of-0-2-chlorhexidine-mouthwash-xylitol-chewing-gum-and-combination-of-0-2-chlorhexidine-mouthwash-and-xylitol-chewing-gum-on-salivary-streptococcus-mutans-and-biofilm-levels-in-8-to-12-year-old-children
#6
Meena Syed, Radhika Chopra, Vandana Shrivastava, Vinod Sachdev
AIM: To assess the effect of combining 0.2% chlorhexidine (CHX) mouthwash with xylitol (XYL) chewing gum on Streptococcus mutans and biofilm levels among 8- to 12-year-old children. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Sixty children aged 8 to 12 years were selected with moderate and high salivary S. mutans levels. They were divided into three groups of 20 children each: (1) XYL group where the subjects chewed XYL twice daily; (2) CHX where rinsing was done twice daily; and (3) combination of XYL and CHX group (XYL+CHX) where both the agents were used once daily...
October 2016: International Journal of Clinical Pediatric Dentistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28126244/association-between-chewing-stimulated-salivary-flow-under-the-effects-of-atropine-and-mixing-ability-assessed-using-a-color-changeable-chewing-gum
#7
Chieko Kubota, Manabu Kanazawa, Yohei Hama, Yuriko Komagamine, Shunsuke Minakuchi
PURPOSE: To assess the time course of chewing-stimulated salivary flow after oral atropine administration, and determine the association between chewing-stimulated salivary flow and mixing ability using color-changeable chewing gum in dentate adults. METHODS: Ten healthy dentate adults were administered 1mg oral atropine to induce mouth dryness. The subjects' chewing-stimulated salivary flow was assessed using the Saxon test. They were then asked to rinse their mouth with tap water for 15s, and to chew on color-changeable chewing gum for 60s at a constant rate of 60 cycles per min...
January 23, 2017: Journal of Prosthodontic Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28102199/comparison-of-efficacy-of-simo-decoction-and-acupuncture-or-chewing-gum-alone-on-postoperative-ileus-in-colorectal-cancer-resection-a-randomized-trial
#8
Yang Yang, Hong-Qun Zuo, Zhao Li, Yu-Zhou Qin, Xian-Wei Mo, Ming-Wei Huang, Hao Lai, Liu-Cheng Wu, Jian-Si Chen
To compared the ability of chewing gum or simo decoction (SMD) and acupuncture to reduce incidence of postoperative ileus (POI) after colorectal cancer resection, patients with colorectal cancer undergoing open or laparoscopic resection were randomized to receive SMD and acupuncture (n = 196), chewing gum alone (n = 197) or no intervention (n = 197) starting on postoperative day 1 and continuing for 5 consecutive days. Patients treated with SMD and acupuncture experienced significantly shorter hospital stay, shorter time to first flatus and shorter time to defecation than patients in the other groups (all P < 0...
January 19, 2017: Scientific Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28092056/a-randomised-placebo-controlled-crossover-study-investigating-the-effects-of-nicotine-gum-on-strength-power-and-anaerobic-performance-in-nicotine-na%C3%A3-ve-active-males
#9
Toby Mündel, Marine Machal, Darryl J Cochrane, Matthew J Barnes
BACKGROUND: Nicotine use amongst athletes is high and increasing, especially team sports, yet the limited previous studies investigating the performance consequences of this behaviour have not examined the effects of the principal active ingredient, nicotine, per se. Therefore, we determined whether nicotine gum affected muscular and anaerobic performance. METHODS: Nine active males (24 ± 3 years) completed three trials in a random order in which 20 min prior to testing they chewed 2 mg (NIC-2), 4 mg (NIC-4) nicotine or flavour-matched placebo (PLA) gum...
December 2017: Sports Medicine—Open
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28089334/masticatory-function-and-oral-health-related-quality-of-life-in%C3%A2-patients-after-partial-maxillectomies-with-closed-or%C3%A2-open%C3%A2-defects
#10
Mohamed M Said, Takafumi Otomaru, Yesiboli Yeerken, Hisashi Taniguchi
STATEMENT OF PROBLEM: The healing pattern after surgical resection of tumors of the oral cavity involving the maxilla may vary from one patient to another. The result may be open communication between the oral and nasal cavities (open defect) or complete oronasal separation after healing of the defect area (closed defect). PURPOSE: The purpose of this clinical study was to compare masticatory function and oral health-related quality of life (OHRQoL) between patients with closed and open defects who had undergone a partial maxillectomy and were wearing dentomaxillary prostheses...
January 12, 2017: Journal of Prosthetic Dentistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28070851/development-of-a-sustained-antiplaque-and-antimicrobial-chewing-gum-of-a-decapeptide
#11
Abeer M Al-Ghananeem, Kai P Leung, Jabar Faraj, Patrick P DeLuca
The objective of this paper was to design a chewing gum formulation delivery system in situations where typical dental hygiene practice is not practical. Thus, an analog of decapeptide KSL (KSL-W), known to possess antimicrobial and antiplaque activity, was incorporated into a chewing gum formulation containing cetylpyridinium chloride (CPC). The effect of the excipients, xylitol, and peppermint oil on active ingredients in vitro release was also assessed. Gum formulations were prepared with different excipient parameters, including heating xylitol and gum base at 65 or 85°C, using ground and unground xylitol, and the addition of 1...
January 9, 2017: AAPS PharmSciTech
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28042937/trigeminal-receptor-study-of-high-intensity-cooling-agents
#12
Sonya Johnson, Minmin Tian, Gloria Sheldon, Eric Dowd
Compounds capable of providing trigeminal effects are important to the flavor industry. Cooling agents activate a class of transient receptor potential (TRP) channels. The objective of this study was to evaluate the effect of 18 cooling agents by high-throughput screening through TRPM-8 and TRPA-1 channels. These coolants were further evaluated by a sensory analysis panel in a sucrose solution testing for a perceived activity. The results reveal that WS-5 activates both TRPA-1 and TRPM-8 receptor channels; WS-3 actives primarily TRPM-8, whereas FEMA-4557 activates the TRPA-1 channel...
January 11, 2017: Journal of Agricultural and Food Chemistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28039245/chewing-gum-for-the-treatment-of-postoperative-nausea-and-vomiting-a-pilot-randomized-controlled-trial
#13
J N Darvall, M Handscombe, K Leslie
BACKGROUND: A novel treatment, chewing gum, may be non-inferior to ondansetron in inhibiting postoperative nausea and vomiting (PONV) in female patients after laparoscopic or breast surgery. In this pilot study, we tested the feasibility of a large randomized controlled trial. METHODS: We randomized 94 female patients undergoing laparoscopic or breast surgery to ondansetron 4 mg i.v. or chewing gum if PONV was experienced in the postanaesthesia care unit (PACU)...
January 2017: British Journal of Anaesthesia
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28009052/non-pharmacological-interventions-for-alleviating-pain-during-orthodontic-treatment
#14
REVIEW
Padhraig S Fleming, Hardus Strydom, Christos Katsaros, Lci MacDonald, Michele Curatolo, Piotr Fudalej, Nikolaos Pandis
BACKGROUND: Pain is prevalent during orthodontics, particularly during the early stages of treatment. To ensure patient comfort and compliance during treatment, the prevention or management of pain is of major importance. While pharmacological means are the first line of treatment for alleviation of orthodontic pain, a range of non-pharmacological approaches have been proposed recently as viable alternatives. OBJECTIVES: To assess the effects of non-pharmacological interventions to alleviate pain associated with orthodontic treatment...
23, 2016: Cochrane Database of Systematic Reviews
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27939912/effects-of-mastication-on-human-somatosensory-processing-a-study-using-somatosensory-evoked-potentials
#15
Hiroki Nakata, Mai Aoki, Kiwako Sakamoto
The aim of the present study was to investigate the effects of mastication on somatosensory processing using somatosensory-evoked potentials (SEPs). Fourteen healthy subjects received a median nerve stimulation at the right wrist under two conditions: Mastication and Control. SEPs were recorded in five sessions for approximately seven minutes: Pre, Post 1, 2, 3, and 4. Subjects were asked to chew gum for five minutes after one session in Mastication. Control included the same five sessions. The amplitudes and latencies of P14, N20, P25, N35, P45, and N60 components at C3', frontal N30 component at Fz, and P100 and N140 components at Pz were analyzed...
December 7, 2016: Neuroscience Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27932815/chewing-gum-added-to-fresh-breath-kit
#16
(no author information available yet)
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
December 9, 2016: British Dental Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27928114/thorough-mastication-prior-to-swallowing-increases-postprandial-satiety-and-the-thermic-effect-of-a-meal-in-young-women
#17
Naho Komai, Naoko Motokubota, Maki Suzuki, Ikuyo Hayashi, Toshio Moritani, Narumi Nagai
There is evidence to support that mastication may contribute to the prevention of weight gain via reduction of appetite sensations and subsequent energy intake. However, the metabolic effect of mastication after consumption of a daily meal, composed of the staple food (rice), soup, main and side dishes, is limited. Therefore, the effect of thorough mastication on greater satiety and the thermic effect of a meal (TEM) was investigated in young women. In study 1, energy expenditure (EE) derived from masticatory muscle activity for 20 min was measured while chewing hard, tasteless, non-caloric gum in seven subjects...
2016: Journal of Nutritional Science and Vitaminology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27925100/strategies-for-thirst-relief-integrative-literature-review
#18
Aline Korki Arrabal Garcia, Lígia Fahl Fonseca, Patricia Aroni, Cristina Maria Galvão
Objective: to analyze the strategies used to relieve the thirst of hospitalized patients. Method: an integrative review, for which the databases PubMed, LILACS, CINAHL and the group of references organized by the Group for Study and Research of Thirst were selected for the search of primary studies, with the keywords: thirst, ice, cold, intervention, nursing care, artificial saliva. Results: the review sample was composed of ten primary studies...
November 2016: Revista Brasileira de Enfermagem
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27889628/effect-of-betel-nut-chewing-on-the-otolithic-reflex-system
#19
Chuan-Yi Lin, Yi-Ho Young
OBJECTIVE: This study investigated the effect of betel nut chewing on the otolithic reflex system. METHODS: Seventeen healthy volunteers without any experience of chewing betel nut (fresh chewers) and 17 habitual chewers underwent vital sign measurements, ocular vestibular-evoked myogenic potential (oVEMP), and cervical VEMP (cVEMP) tests prior to the study. Each subject then chewed two pieces of betel nut for 2min (dosing). The same paradigm was repeated immediately, 10min, and 20min after chewing...
January 2017: Clinical Neurophysiology: Official Journal of the International Federation of Clinical Neurophysiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27885554/short-term-effects-of-a-green-coffee-extract-garcinia-c-ambogia-and-l-carnitine-containing-chewing-gum-on-snack-intake-and-appetite-regulation
#20
Cecilia Bobillo, Graham Finlayson, Ana Martínez, Daniela Fischman, Analisa Beneitez, Alejandro J Ferrero, Belisario E Fernández, Marcos A Mayer
INTRODUCTION: Different studies have assessed the influence of chewing gum to aid control of appetite and reduce food intake. PURPOSE: The aims of the present study were to evaluate the effects of chewing gum on satiety, food hedonics and snack intake and to explore the potential effects of the combination of Garcinia c ambogia, green coffee extract and L-carnitine on satiety, when administered in a gum format. METHODS: This was a prospective study in which 57 subjects randomly received three kinds of treatments, in a crossover design: (1) active gum; (2) placebo gum; and (3) no gum...
November 24, 2016: European Journal of Nutrition
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