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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28936178/a-comparison-of-oral-sensory-effects-of-three-trpa1-agonists-in-young-adult-smokers-and-non-smokers
#1
Eva Ø Hansen, Lars Arendt-Nielsen, Shellie A Boudreau
This study profiled intra-oral somatosensory and vasomotor responses to three different transient receptor potential (TRP) channels, subfamily A, member 1 (TRPA1) agonists (menthol, nicotine, and cinnamaldehyde) in smoking and non-smoking young adults. Healthy non-smokers (N = 30) and otherwise healthy smokers (N = 25) participated in a randomized, double-blinded, cross-over study consisting of three experimental sessions in which they received menthol (30 mg), nicotine (4 mg), or cinnamaldehyde (25 mg) chewing gum...
2017: Frontiers in Physiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28914246/comparative-evaluation-of-the-effects-of-casein-phosphopeptide-amorphous-calcium-phosphate-cpp-acp-and-xylitol-containing-chewing-gum-on-salivary-flow-rate-ph-and-buffering-capacity-in-children-an-in-vivo-study
#2
Rahul J Hegde, Janhavi B Thakkar
AIM: This study aimed to compare and evaluate the changes in the salivary flow rate, pH, and buffering capacity before and after chewing casein phosphopeptide-amorphous calcium phosphate (CPP-ACP) and xylitol-containing chewing gums in children. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Sixty children aged between 8 and 12 years were selected for the study. They were randomly divided into Group 1 (CPP-ACP chewing gum) and Group 2 (xylitol-containing chewing gum) comprising thirty children each...
October 2017: Journal of the Indian Society of Pedodontics and Preventive Dentistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28911615/investigation-of-aluminum-content-of-imported-candies-and-snack-foods-in-taiwan
#3
Tai Sheng Yeh, Yeng-Ting Liu, Pei-Jyun Liou, Hong-Ping Li, Ching-Chuan Chen
Candies, chewing gums, dried fruits, jellies, chocolate, and shredded squid pieces imported from 17 countries were surveyed for their aluminum content. The samples were bought from candy shops, supermarkets, and convenience stores, and through online shopping. Sample selection focused on imported candies and snacks. A total of 67 samples, including five chewing gums, seven dried fruits, 13 chocolates, two jellies, two dried squid pieces, and 38 candies, were analyzed. The content of aluminum was analyzed by inductively coupled plasma optical emission spectrometry (ICP OES)...
October 2016: Journal of Food and Drug Analysis
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28883595/chewing-gum-developed-that-detects-peri-implant-disease
#4
(no author information available yet)
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
September 8, 2017: British Dental Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28868987/tmj-symptoms-reduce-chewing-amplitude-and-velocity-and-increase-variability
#5
John C Radke, Greg J Kamyszek, Robert S Kull, Gerardo R Velasco
OBJECTIVE: The null hypothesis was that mandibular amplitude, velocity, and variability during gum chewing are not altered in subjects with temporomandibular joint (TMJ) internal derangements (ID). METHODS: Thirty symptomatic subjects with confirmed ID consented to chew gum on their left and right sides while being tracked by an incisor-point jaw tracker. A gender and age matched control group (p > 0.67) volunteered to be likewise recorded. Student's t-test compared the ID group's mean values to the control group...
September 4, 2017: Cranio: the Journal of Craniomandibular Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28867465/effect-of-gum-chewing-on-ameliorating-ileus-following-colorectal-surgery-a-meta-analysis-of-18-randomized-controlled-trials
#6
REVIEW
Qing Liu, Honglei Jiang, Dong Xu, Junzhe Jin
BACKGROUND AND OBJECTIVE: Chewing gum, as an alternative to sham feeding, had been shown to hasten the recovery of gut function following abdominal surgery. However, conclusions remained contradictory. We sought to conduct an updated meta-analysis to evaluate the efficacy of gum chewing in alleviating ileus following colorectal surgery. METHODS: We searched PubMed, EMBASE, and Cochrane Library Databases through February 2017 to identify randomized controlled trials (RCTs) evaluating the efficacy of the additional use of chewing gum following colorectal surgery...
August 31, 2017: International Journal of Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28857279/self-perceived-mouthfeel-and-physico-chemical-surface-effects-after-chewing-gums-containing-sorbitol-and-magnolia-bark-extract
#7
Stefan W Wessel, Henny C van der Mei, Anje M Slomp, Betsy van de Belt-Gritter, Michael W J Dodds, Henk J Busscher
The European Food Safety Authority recognizes the contribution of sugar-free chewing gum to oral health through increased salivation, clearance of food debris, and neutralization of biofilm pH. Magnolia bark extract is a gum additive shown to reduce the prevalence of bad-breath bacteria but its effects on self-perceived mouthfeel are unknown. This paper aims to relate the effects of sorbitol-containing chewing gum, with and without Magnolia bark extract, on tooth-surface hydrophobicity and salivary-film composition with self-perceived mouthfeel...
August 31, 2017: European Journal of Oral Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28853166/masticatory-performance-related-factors-in-preschool-children-establishing-a-method-to-assess-masticatory-performance-in-preschool-children-using-colour-changeable-chewing-gum
#8
Yohei Hama, Akemi Hosoda, Yuriko Komagamine, Sachi Gotoh, Chieko Kubota, Manabu Kanazawa, Shunsuke Minakuchi
BACKGROUND: A knowledge gap regarding masticatory performance in preschool children exists, which in turn delays intervention for preventive care; therefore, a method to easily assess performance is needed. OBJECTIVE: To investigate the feasibility of assessing masticatory performance using colour-changeable chewing gum, and to investigate masticatory performance-related factors in preschool children. METHODS: This cross-sectional survey was conducted in two childcare facilities and our laboratory...
August 29, 2017: Journal of Oral Rehabilitation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28838679/polyols-and-remineralisation-of-enamel-subsurface-lesions
#9
Peiyan Shen, Glenn D Walker, Yi Yuan, Coralie Reynolds, Eric C Reynolds
Sugar-free chewing gum containing polyols has been demonstrated to reduce caries experience in randomised controlled clinical trials. A range of polyols (mannitol, sorbitol, xylitol and maltitol) can be found in sugar-free gums and it has been claimed that they can facilitate calcium uptake into enamel subsurface lesions promoting remineralisation. OBJECTIVES: The aim of this study was to compare the effect of polyols on remineralisation of enamel subsurface lesions in vitro by artificial saliva (AS) and by AS containing the salivary biomimetic casein phosphopeptide amorphous calcium phosphate (CPP-ACP)...
August 21, 2017: Journal of Dentistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28830699/the-effect-of-new-complete-denture-fabrication-and-simplified-dietary-advice-on-nutrient-intake-and-masticatory-function-of-edentulous-elderly-a-randomized-controlled-trial
#10
Hiroyuki Suzuki, Manabu Kanazawa, Yuriko Komagamine, Maiko Iwaki, Ayami Jo, Noriko Amagai, Shunsuke Minakuchi
BACKGROUND & AIM: Combination of new complete denture fabrication and tailored dietary counseling is necessary to improve nutrient intake of the edentulous elderly. However, there is no evidence on the effect of simple dietary advice combined with new complete denture fabrication on the nutrient intake of the edentulous elderly. The aim of this study was to clarify the combined effect of new complete denture fabrication and simple dietary advice, using a uniform pamphlet, on the nutrient intake and masticatory function of edentulous elderly...
August 5, 2017: Clinical Nutrition: Official Journal of the European Society of Parenteral and Enteral Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28811549/diagnosing-peri-implant-disease-using-the-tongue-as-a-24-7-detector
#11
J Ritzer, T Lühmann, C Rode, M Pein-Hackelbusch, I Immohr, U Schedler, T Thiele, S Stübinger, B V Rechenberg, J Waser-Althaus, F Schlottig, M Merli, H Dawe, M Karpíšek, R Wyrwa, M Schnabelrauch, L Meinel
Our ability of screening broad communities for clinically asymptomatic diseases critically drives population health. Sensory chewing gums are presented targeting the tongue as 24/7 detector allowing diagnosis by "anyone, anywhere, anytime". The chewing gum contains peptide sensors consisting of a protease cleavable linker in between a bitter substance and a microparticle. Matrix metalloproteinases in the oral cavity, as upregulated in peri-implant disease, specifically target the protease cleavable linker while chewing the gum, thereby generating bitterness for detection by the tongue...
August 15, 2017: Nature Communications
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28801130/prospective-implementation-of-enhanced-recovery-after-surgery-protocols-to-radical-cystectomy
#12
Karl H Pang, Ruth Groves, Suresh Venugopal, Aidan P Noon, James W F Catto
BACKGROUND: Multimodal enhanced recovery after surgery (ERAS) regimens have improved outcomes from colorectal surgery. OBJECTIVE: We report the application of ERAS to patients undergoing radical cystectomy (RC). DESIGN, SETTING, AND PARTICIPANTS: Prospective collection of outcomes from consecutive patients undergoing RC at a single institution. INTERVENTION: Twenty-six components including prehabilitation exercise, same day admission, carbohydrate fluid loading, targeted intraoperative fluid resuscitation, regional local anaesthesia, cessation of nasogastric tubes, omitting oral bowel preparation, avoiding drain use, early mobilisation, chewing gum use, and audit...
August 8, 2017: European Urology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28776678/development-of-postcompressional-textural-tests-to-evaluate-the-mechanical-properties-of-medicated-chewing-gum-tablets-with-high-drug-loadings
#13
Turki Al Hagbani, Sami Nazzal
Medicated chewing gum tablets (CGTs) represent a unique platform for drug delivery. Loading directly compressible gums with high concentrations of powdered medication, however, results in compacts with hybrid properties between a chewable gum and a brittle tablet. The aim of the present study was to develop textural tests that can identify the point at which CGTs begin to behave like a solid tablet upon drug incorporation. Curcumin (CUR) CGTs made with Health in gum were prepared with increasing CUR load from 0 to 100% and were characterized for their mechanical properties by a single-bite (knife) and a two-bite tests...
August 4, 2017: Journal of Texture Studies
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28762353/effect-of-three-commercially-available-chewing-gums-on-salivary-flow-rate-and-ph-in-caries-active-and-caries-free-children-an-in-vivo-study
#14
Usha Kiran Vantipalli, Sai Sankar Jogendra Avula, Sridevi Enuganti, Sujatha Bandi, Pranitha Kakarla, Raja Vardhan Kuravadi
BACKGROUND AND AIM: Adequate salivary flow is an important requisite in the maintenance of oral health. Salivary flow increases in response to both gustatory (taste) and mechanical (chewing) stimuli. Hence, the aim of the present study was to know the efficacy of commercially available chewing gums (sugar free and sugared) on salivary flow rate (SFR) and pH in caries-active and caries-free children. MATERIALS AND METHODS: One hundred school children aged between 10 and 12 years were divided into two groups on the basis of their caries status into caries free and caries active...
July 2017: Journal of the Indian Society of Pedodontics and Preventive Dentistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28759868/an-index-for-the-evaluation-of-3d-masticatory-cycles-stability
#15
Claudia Lúcia Pimenta Ferreira, Matteo Zago, Cláudia Maria de Felício, Chiarella Sforza
OBJECTIVES: To introduce an index (Masticatory Stability Index, MSI) to analyze the stability of chewing cycles in standardized conditions and test it in a group of patients with subclinical mild temporomandibular disorder (TMD). DESIGN: 23 subjects with mild subacute TMD and 21 healthy subjects were involved; they all responded to a questionnaire about signs and symptoms of TMD (ProTMDmulti) and underwent a myofunctional orofacial evaluation with scores, using the protocol of orofacial myofunctional evaluation with scores (OMES)...
July 24, 2017: Archives of Oral Biology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28758778/the-articulatory-in-out-effect-resists-oral-motor-interference
#16
Berit Lindau, Sascha Topolinski
People prefer words with inward directed consonantal patterns (e.g., MENIKA) compared to outward patterns (KENIMA), because inward (outward) articulation movements resemble positive (negative) mouth actions such as swallowing (spitting). This effect might rely on covert articulation simulations, or subvocalizations, since it occurs also under silent reading. We tested to what degree these underlying articulation simulations are disturbed by oral motor interference. In 3 experiments (total N = 465) we interfered with these articulation simulations by employing concurrent oral exercises that induce oral motor noise while judging inward and outward words (chewing gum, Experiment 1; executing meaningless tongue movements, Experiment 2; concurrent verbalizations, Experiment 3)...
July 31, 2017: Journal of Experimental Psychology. Learning, Memory, and Cognition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28750270/the-influence-of-food-consistency-on-chewing-rate-and-muscular-work
#17
A van der Bilt, J H Abbink
Food properties influence the parameters of the masticatory process, such as jaw movement, muscle activity and chewing rate. Firm foods will require more muscle activity than softer foods. However, the influence of food hardness on chewing rate is ambiguous as both slower and higher chewing rates have been reported for harder foods. Rheological characteristics of the food, such as plasticity and elasticity, may help to explain differences in chewing rate. The aim of our study was to determine the influence of food properties on chewing rate and muscular work in five phases of a chewing sequence...
July 20, 2017: Archives of Oral Biology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28744898/effect-of-chewing-or-compressing-food-on-autonomic-nervous-activity-in-older-adults
#18
Midori Ohta, Takayuki Ueda, Kaoru Sakurai
OBJECTIVE: To determine if autonomic nervous activity increases in older people during mastication and how this activity is related to the softness of food. We hypothesised that the coefficient of variation of R-R intervals (CVRR), high-frequency (HF) power, low-frequency (LF) power, LF/HF ratio and total power increase during chewing foods within the range of softness from moderate food to extremely soft food in older adults. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Participants were 20 older volunteers (71-90 year old)...
July 26, 2017: Gerodontology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28741713/two-color-chewing-gum-mixing-ability-test-for-evaluating-masticatory-performance-in-children-with-mixed-dentition-validity-and-reliability-study
#19
Mustafa Sarp Kaya, Burak Güçlü, Martin Schimmel, Serap Akyuz
The unappealing taste of the chewing material and the time-consuming repetitive task in masticatory performance tests using artificial foodstuff may discourage children from performing natural chewing movements. Therefore, the aim was to determine the validity and reliability of a two-color chewing-gum mixing ability test for masticatory performance (MP) assessment in mixed dentition children. Masticatory performance was tested in two groups: systemically healthy fully dentate young adults and children with mixed dentition...
July 25, 2017: Journal of Oral Rehabilitation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28734774/-does-chewing-gum-improve-postoperative-results-in-patients-undergoing-radical-cystectomy-a-systematic-review-of-literature-and-meta-analysis
#20
I Ziouziou, A Ammani, T Karmouni, K El Khader, A Koutani, A Iben Attya Andaloussi
INTRODUCTION: Postoperative ileus occurs in different degrees, in the majority of patients undergoing radical cystectomy, which may increase the length of hospital stay. The use of chewing gum has demonstrated its effectiveness in reducing time-to-bowel function and the length of hospital stay in several surgical procedures. OBJECTIVE: To evaluate the benefit of post-operative chewing gum use in patients undergoing radical cystectomy through a systematic review of the literature and meta-analysis...
July 19, 2017: Progrès en Urologie
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