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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29776358/associations-between-local-descriptive-norms-for-overweight-obesity-and-insufficient-fruit-intake-individual-level-diet-and-10-year-change-in-body-mass-index-and-glycosylated-haemoglobin-in-an-australian-cohort
#1
Suzanne J Carroll, Theo Niyonsenga, Neil T Coffee, Anne W Taylor, Mark Daniel
BACKGROUND: Descriptive norms (what other people do) relate to individual-level dietary behaviour and health outcome including overweight and obesity. Descriptive norms vary across residential areas but the impact of spatial variation in norms on individual-level diet and health is poorly understood. This study assessed spatial associations between local descriptive norms for overweight/obesity and insufficient fruit intake (spatially-specific local prevalence), and individual-level dietary intakes (fruit, vegetable and sugary drinks) and 10-year change in body mass index (BMI) and glycosylated haemoglobin (HbA1c )...
May 18, 2018: International Journal of Behavioral Nutrition and Physical Activity
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29772093/leaders-promote-attendance-in-sport-and-exercise-sessions-by-fostering-social-identity
#2
Mark Stevens, Tim Rees, Pete Coffee, S Alexander Haslam, Niklas K Steffens, Remco Polman
Sport and exercise participation exert a positive effect on numerous aspects of individuals' health. Although sport and exercise leaders have generally been observed to play a key role in shaping group members' behavior, our understanding of their impact on group members' attendance in sport and exercise sessions is limited. To address this, and building on promising findings in other domains, we examined associations between perceptions of sport and exercise leaders' engagement in social identity leadership, group identification, and attendance...
May 17, 2018: Scandinavian Journal of Medicine & Science in Sports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29771289/performance-of-plasma-trigonelline-as-a-marker-of-coffee-consumption-in-an-epidemiologic-setting
#3
Øivind Midttun, Arve Ulvik, Ottar Nygård, Per M Ueland
Background: Coffee is a widely consumed beverage, and studies suggest that drinking coffee has beneficial health effects. The phytohormone trigonelline is present in large amounts in coffee beans, and circulating concentrations of trigonelline have been shown to be positively related to dietary intake of coffee and to increase significantly after the consumption of a bolus dose of coffee. Objective: We cross-sectionally investigated the utility of plasma trigonelline as a marker of coffee consumption in an epidemiologic setting...
May 15, 2018: American Journal of Clinical Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29766689/furan-in-roasted-ground-and-brewed-coffee
#4
Eliza Gruczyńska, Dorota Kowalska, Mariola Kozłowska, Ewa Majewska, Katarzyna Tarnowska
Coffee is the most popular hot beverage in the world. The annual coffee production in 2010, 2014 and 2016 was 8.1, 9.0 and 9.3 million tons respectively. There are more than 100 coffee species, but only two of them: Arabica (Coffea arabica) and Robusta (Coffea canephora) have gained commercial importance. During roasting of green coffee beans not only desirable compounds are formed, that exert positive influence on the taste and flavour of coffee, but also small quantities of undesirable ones. Furan (C4H4O) is one of the latter...
2018: Roczniki Państwowego Zakładu Higieny
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29764601/adolescent-habitual-caffeine-consumption-and-hemodynamic-reactivity-during-rest-psychosocial-stress-and-recovery
#5
Jack E James, Birna Baldursdottir, Kamilla R Johannsdottir, Heiddis B Valdimarsdottir, Inga Dora Sigfusdottir
OBJECTIVE: Most adolescents regularly consume caffeine. Whereas observational studies have suggested that coffee may be cardio-protective, pharmacological experimentation with adults shows that caffeine at dietary doses increases blood pressure, thereby implicating regular caffeine consumption as a potential source of harm for cardiovascular health. The present study was in response to the dearth of caffeine research among younger consumers. It was hypothesised that compared to the consumption of little or no caffeine, adolescents who habitually consume caffeine have overall higher blood pressure and increased vascular resistance...
July 2018: Journal of Psychosomatic Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29757951/caffeine-related-deaths-manner-of-deaths-and-categories-at-risk
#6
REVIEW
Simone Cappelletti, Daria Piacentino, Vittorio Fineschi, Paola Frati, Luigi Cipolloni, Mariarosaria Aromatario
Caffeine is the most widely consumed psychoactive compound worldwide. It is mostly found in coffee, tea, energizing drinks and in some drugs. However, it has become really easy to obtain pure caffeine (powder or tablets) on the Internet markets. Mechanisms of action are dose-dependent. Serious toxicities such as seizure and cardiac arrhythmias, seen with caffeine plasma concentrations of 15 mg/L or higher, have caused poisoning or, rarely, death; otherwise concentrations of 3⁻6 mg/kg are considered safe. Caffeine concentrations of 80⁻100 mg/L are considered lethal...
May 14, 2018: Nutrients
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29748650/how-empathic-are-vegan-medical-professionals-compared-to-others-leads-from-a-paper-pencil-survey
#7
Christian S Kessler, Andreas Michalsen, Sophie Holler, Vijayendra S Murthy, Holger Cramer
The aim of this survey was to examine differences in personality profiles among 198 vegan (n = 64; 32.3%), vegetarian (n = 78; 39.4%) and omnivore (n = 55; 27.8%) medical professionals. Outcomes were motives for the nutritional approaches, WHO QoL-BREF, Big Five SOEP Inventory, Portraits Value Questionnaire, and Empathizing Scale. Regarding motives for particular diets, omnivores rated influence of guardians (p < 0.001), physical health (p = 0.017) and food taste (p = 0.001) as more and love of animals as less important (p < 0...
May 2018: European Journal of Clinical Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29747519/knowledge-of-health-conditions-associated-with-sugar-sweetened-beverage-intake-is-low-among-us-hispanic-adults
#8
Sohyun Park, Guadalupe X Ayala, Joseph R Sharkey, Heidi M Blanck
PURPOSE: To examine associations between knowledge of health conditions and sugar-sweetened beverage (SSB) intake among Hispanic adults. DESIGN: Quantitative, cross-sectional study. SETTING: The 2015 Estilos survey data. PARTICIPANTS: One thousand US Hispanic adults (≥18 years). MEASURES: The outcome variable was frequency of SSB intake (regular soda, fruit drink, sports/energy drink, and sweetened coffee/tea drink)...
January 1, 2018: American Journal of Health Promotion: AJHP
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29739591/in-vitro-health-promoting-properties-of-antioxidant-dietary-fiber-extracted-from-spent-coffee-coffee-arabica-l-grounds
#9
Kenia Vázquez-Sánchez, Nuria Martinez-Saez, Miguel Rebollo-Hernanz, Maria Dolores Del Castillo, Marcela Gaytán-Martínez, Rocio Campos-Vega
Antioxidant dietary fiber extracted from spent coffee grounds (FSCG) was evaluated as a potential functional food ingredient when incorporated in a food model (biscuits), and digested in vitro under simulated human gastrointestinal conditions. FSCG added to biscuits increased its total dietary fiber, antioxidant capacity after in vitro digestion, bioaccessibility of phenolic compounds (gallic acid and catechin) and amino acids. Furthermore, advanced glycation end products (AGEs), involved in chronic diseases, decreased up to 6-folds in the biscuits containing FSCG when compared with the traditional biscuit...
September 30, 2018: Food Chemistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29737228/are-coffee-s-alleged-health-protective-effects-real-or-artifact-the-enduring-disjunction-between-relevant-experimental-and-observational-evidence
#10
Jack E James
BACKGROUND: There is a large corpus of observational evidence claiming that coffee is health protective and a similarly large corpus of experimental psychopharmacological evidence to suggest that habitual caffeine consumption may be harmful to health. AIM: The purpose of this study was to examine the disjunction between observational and experimental findings with specific reference to the implications of coffee/caffeine consumption for elevated blood pressure, cardiovascular disease, type 2 diabetes and neurodegenerative disease...
May 1, 2018: Journal of Psychopharmacology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29735094/tea-and-coffee-time-with-bacteria-investigation-of-uptake-of-key-coffee-and-tea-phenolics-by-wild-type-e-coli
#11
Inamullah Hakeem Said, Selin Gencer, Matthias S Ullrich, Nikolai Kuhnert
Dietary phenolic compounds are often transformed by gut microbiota prior to absorption. This transformation may modulate their biological activities. Many fundamental questions still need to be addressed to understand how the gut microbiota-diet interactions affect human health. Herein, a UHPLC-QTOF mass spectrometry-based method for the quantification of uptake and determination of intracellular bacterial concentrations of dietary phenolics from coffee and tea was developed. Quantitative uptake data for selected single purified phenolics were determined...
June 2018: Food Research International
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29730665/associations-between-dietary-patterns-and-post-bronchodilation-lung-function-in-the-sapaldia-cohort
#12
Nina Steinemann, Leticia Grize, Marco Pons, Thomas Rothe, Daiana Stolz, Alexander Turk, Christian Schindler, Christine Brombach, Nicole Probst-Hensch
BACKGROUND: Chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD) is not restricted to smokers. Dietary habits may contribute to the disease occurrence. Epidemiological studies point to a protective effect of fruit and vegetable intake against COPD. OBJECTIVE: To investigate the associations between dietary patterns and parameters of lung function related to COPD in the Swiss Cohort Study on Air Pollution and Lung and Heart Diseases in Adults (SAPALDIA). METHODS: Data were included from the second follow-up assessment of the SAPALDIA cohort in 2010-2011 using a food frequency questionnaire...
May 4, 2018: Respiration; International Review of Thoracic Diseases
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29716403/-antioxidant-effect-of-the-fibre-content-of-foods
#13
Miklós Mézes, Márta Erdélyi
Antioxidants have some health benefit, but up to now there was less attention paid to the antioxidant properties of dietary fibre. The antioxidant effect of dietary fibre is based on the polyphenol compounds bound to polysaccharide complexes, which are released in the gut and functioning as antioxidants. Another type of antioxidant, calcium fructoborate was also isolated from plant cell wall. It has a marked antioxidant capacity, however, its active component is not a polyphenol, but the boron. There are lots of food plants which have relatively high antioxidant dietary fibre content, thus they support the antioxidant defence of the gastrointestinal tract, and consequently the whole body...
May 2018: Orvosi Hetilap
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29715669/removal-of-lead-and-fluoride-from-contaminated-water-using-exhausted-coffee-grounds-based-bio-sorbent
#14
A Naga Babu, D Srinivasa Reddy, G Suresh Kumar, K Ravindhranath, G V Krishna Mohan
Water pollution by industrial and anthropogenic actives has become a serious threat to the environment. World Health Organization (WHO) has identified that lead and fluoride amid the environmental pollutants are most poisonous water contaminants with devastating impact on the human race. The present work proposes a study on economical bio-adsorbent based technique using exhausted coffee grounds in the removal of lead and fluoride contaminants from water. The exhausted coffee grounds gathered from industrial wastes have been acid-activated and examined for their adsorption capacity...
April 28, 2018: Journal of Environmental Management
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29713532/lifestyle-causes-of-male-infertility
#15
Damayanthi Durairajanayagam
Objective: To examine the potential effects of lifestyle factors on male reproductive health. Evidence of a global decline in human sperm quality over recent decades has been accumulating. Environmental, occupational, and modifiable lifestyle factors may contribute to this decline. This review focuses on key lifestyle factors that are associated with male infertility such as smoking cigarettes, alcohol intake, use of illicit drugs, obesity, psychological stress, advanced paternal age, dietary practices, and coffee consumption...
March 2018: Arab Journal of Urology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29709887/association-between-serum-folate-levels-and-caffeinated-beverage-consumption-in-pregnant-women-in-chiba-the-japan-environment-and-children-s-study
#16
Masae Otake, Kenichi Sakurai, Masahiro Watanabe, Chisato Mori
BACKGROUND: Several studies have reported the adverse effects of caffeine intake during pregnancy on fetal health. However, the effects of caffeine intake from green and oolong teas has not been investigated, despite the considerable consumption of these teas in Japan and the potential inhibitory effects of catechins-chemicals present at relatively high levels in green and oolong teas-on folic acid absorption. The potential associations of serum folate levels with caffeinated beverage consumption and catechin levels remain largely unstudied...
April 28, 2018: Journal of Epidemiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29706053/night-shift-preparation-performance-and-perception-are-there-differences-between-emergency-medicine-nurses-residents-and-faculty
#17
John R Richards, Taylor L Stayton, Jason A Wells, Aman K Parikh, Erik G Laurin
Objective: Determine differences between faculty, residents, and nurses regarding night shift preparation, performance, recovery, and perception of emotional and physical health effects. Methods: Survey study performed at an urban university medical center emergency department with an accredited residency program in emergency medicine. Results: Forty-seven faculty, 37 residents, and 90 nurses completed the survey. There was no difference in use of physical sleep aids between groups, except nurses utilized blackout curtains more (69%) than residents (60%) and faculty (45%)...
April 30, 2018: Clinical and Experimental Emergency Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29703763/association-of-coffee-and-tea-intake-with-the-oral-microbiome-results-from-a-large-cross-sectional-study
#18
Brandilyn A Peters, Marjorie L McCullough, Mark P Purdue, Neal D Freedman, Caroline Y Um, Susan M Gapstur, Richard B Hayes, Jiyoung Ahn
BACKGROUND: The oral microbiota play a central role in oral health, and possibly in carcinogenesis. Research suggests coffee and tea consumption may have beneficial health effects. We examined the associations of these common beverages with the oral ecosystem in a large cross-sectional study. METHODS: We assessed oral microbiota in mouthwash samples from 938 participants in two U.S. cohorts using 16S rRNA gene sequencing. Coffee and tea intake were assessed from food frequency questionnaires...
April 27, 2018: Cancer Epidemiology, Biomarkers & Prevention
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29687016/dietary-patterns-and-physical-activity-correlate-with-total-cholesterol-independently-of-lipid-lowering-drugs-and-antiretroviral-therapy-in-aging-people-living-with-human-immunodeficiency-virus
#19
Alex Marzel, Roger D Kouyos, Sara Reinschmidt, Katharina Balzer, Fabienne Garon, Monica Spitaleri, Nicolas Matthes, Paolo Suter, Rainer Weber, Cornelia Staehelin, Thanh Doco Lecompte, Philip Tarr, Helen Kovari
Background: Hypercholesterolemia is a well established risk factor for coronary heart disease and is highly prevalent among human immunodeficiency virus (HIV)-positive persons. Antiretroviral therapy (ART) can both directly modify total cholesterol and have drug-drug interactions with statins. This makes investigating modifiable behavioral predictors of total cholesterol a pertinent task. Methods: To explore the association between diet and physical activity with cross-sectionally measured total cholesterol, we administered a validated Food-Frequency-Questionnaire to participants of the Swiss HIV Cohort Study ≥45 years old...
April 2018: Open Forum Infectious Diseases
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29680166/intake-of-caffeine-from-all-sources-and-reasons-for-use-by-college-students
#20
Caroline R Mahoney, Grace E Giles, Bernadette P Marriott, Daniel A Judelson, Ellen L Glickman, Paula J Geiselman, Harris R Lieberman
BACKGROUND & AIMS: Caffeine intake in a convenience sample of U.S. college students (N = 1248) was surveyed at five geographically-dispersed United States (U.S.) universities. METHODS: Intake from coffee, tea, soft drinks, energy drinks, gums, and medications was assessed. Associations between caffeine intake and demographic variables including sex, age, race/ethnicity, family income, general health, exercise, weight variables and tobacco use were examined...
April 10, 2018: Clinical Nutrition: Official Journal of the European Society of Parenteral and Enteral Nutrition
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