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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28335422/association-between-coffee-consumption-and-its-polyphenols-with-cardiovascular-risk-factors-a-population-based-study
#1
Andreia Machado Miranda, Josiane Steluti, Regina Mara Fisberg, Dirce Maria Marchioni
Epidemiological studies have examined the effect of coffee intake on cardiovascular disease, but the benefits and risks for the cardiovascular system remain controversial. Our objective was to evaluate the association between coffee consumption and its polyphenols on cardiovascular risk factors. Data came from the "Health Survey of São Paulo (ISA-Capital)" among 557 individuals, in São Paulo, Brazil. Diet was assessed by two 24-h dietary recalls. Coffee consumption was categorized into <1, 1-3, and ≥3 cups/day...
March 14, 2017: Nutrients
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28333357/dietary-patterns-foods-and-nutrients-in-male-fertility-parameters-and-fecundability-a-systematic-review-of-observational-studies
#2
Albert Salas-Huetos, Mònica Bulló, Jordi Salas-Salvadó
BACKGROUND: Infertility is a global public health issue, affecting 15% of all couples of reproductive age. Male factors, including decreased semen quality, are responsible for ~25% of these cases. The dietary pattern, the components of the diet and nutrients have been studied as possible determinants of sperm function and/or fertility. OBJECTIVE AND RATIONALE: Previous systematic reviews have been made of the few heterogeneous low-quality randomized clinical trials (RCTs) conducted in small samples of participants and investigating the effect of specific nutrients and nutritional supplements on male infertility...
March 10, 2017: Human Reproduction Update
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28318250/chemical-characterization-of-potentially-prebiotic-oligosaccharides-in-brewed-coffee-and-spent-coffee-grounds
#3
Tian Tian, Samara Freeman, Mark Corey, J Bruce German, Daniela Barile
Oligosaccharides are indigestible carbohydrates widely present in mammalian milk and in some plants. Milk oligosaccharides are associated with positive health outcomes; however, oligosaccharides in coffee have not been extensively studied. We investigated the oligosaccharides and their monomeric composition in dark roasted coffee beans, brewed coffee and spent coffee grounds. Oligosaccharides with a degree of polymerization ranging from 3 to 15, and their constituent monosaccharides were characterized and quantified...
March 20, 2017: Journal of Agricultural and Food Chemistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28301808/impacts-of-discarded-coffee-waste-on-human-and-environmental-health
#4
A S Fernandes, F V C Mello, S Thode Filho, R M Carpes, J G Honório, M R C Marques, I Felzenszwalb, E R A Ferraz
Coffee is one of the most widely consumed beverages throughout the world. So far, many studies have shown the properties of coffee beverages, but little is known about its impacts on human and environmental health from its discard in the environment. So, the present work aims to investigate the mutagenic, genotoxic, cytotoxic and ecotoxic effects of leached (LE) and solubilized (SE) extracts from coffee waste, simulating the disposal of this residue in landfills and via sewage systems, respectively. Chemical analyses were also carried out...
March 13, 2017: Ecotoxicology and Environmental Safety
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28280509/self-reported-halitosis-in-relation-to-oral-hygiene-practices-oral-health-status-general-health-problems-and-multifactorial-characteristics-among-workers-in-ilala-and-temeke-municipals-tanzania
#5
C M Kayombo, E G Mumghamba
Aim. To assess self-reported halitosis, oral hygiene practices, oral health conditions, general health problems, sociodemographic factors, and behavioural and psychological characteristics among workers in Ilala and Temeke municipals. Materials and Methods. This was a cross-sectional descriptive study. Four hundred workers were recruited using a self-administered structured questionnaire. Results. Self-reported tooth brushing practice was 100%, tongue cleaning 58.5%, dental flossing 4.3%, gum bleeding on tooth brushing 79...
2017: International Journal of Dentistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28273532/arsenic-uptake-by-lettuce-from-as-contaminated-soil-remediated-with-pteris-vittata-and-organic-amendment
#6
Letuzia M de Oliveira, Das Suchismita, Julia Gress, Bala Rathinasabapathi, Yanshan Chen, Lena Q Ma
Leaching of inorganic arsenic (As) from chromated copper arsenate (CCA)-treated wood may elevate soil As levels. Thus, an environmental concern arises regarding As accumulation in vegetables grown in these soils. In this study, a greenhouse experiment was conducted to investigate the ability of As-hyperaccumulator P. vittata and organic amendments in reducing As uptake by lettuce (Lactuca sativa) from a soil contaminated from CCA-treated wood (63.9 mg kg(-1) As). P. vittata was grown for 150 d in a CCA-contaminated soil amended with biochar, activated carbon or coffee grounds at 1%, followed by lettuce for another 55 d...
February 24, 2017: Chemosphere
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28271237/unhealthful-food-and-beverage-advertising-in-subway-stations-targeted-marketing-vulnerable-groups-dietary-intake-and-poor-health
#7
Sean C Lucan, Andrew R Maroko, Omar C Sanon, Clyde B Schechter
Unhealthful food-and-beverage advertising often targets vulnerable groups. The extent of such advertising in subway stations has not been reported and it is not clear how ad placement may relate to subway ridership or community demographics, or what the implications might be for diets and diet-related health in surrounding communities. Riding all subway lines (n = 7) in the Bronx, NY, USA, investigators systematically assessed all print ads (n = 1586) in all stations (n = 68) in 2012. Data about subway ridership came from the Metropolitan Transportation Authority...
March 7, 2017: Journal of Urban Health: Bulletin of the New York Academy of Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28264069/alcohol-and-tea-consumption-are-associated-with-asymptomatic-erosive-esophagitis-in-taiwanese-men
#8
Chung-Hsin Chang, Cheng-Pin Wu, Jung-Der Wang, Shou-Wu Lee, Chi-Sen Chang, Hong-Zen Yeh, Chung-Wang Ko, Han-Chung Lien
OBJECTIVE: Asymptomatic erosive esophagitis (AEE) is commonly found in men, and might be a risk factor of developing esophageal adenocarcinoma. We aimed to determine if specific dietary habits increase the risk of AEE in asymptomatic Taiwanese men. METHODS: We recruited male adults undergoing upper gastrointestinal endoscopy for health check. We excluded subjects with reflux symptoms, or taking anti-reflux medications or drugs that potentially impair lower esophageal sphincter function or cause mucosal injury...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28264008/women-s-autonomy-and-men-s-involvement-in-child-care-and-feeding-as-predictors-of-infant-and-young-child-anthropometric-indices-in-coffee-farming-households-of-jimma-zone-south-west-of-ethiopia
#9
Kalkidan Hassen Abate, Tefera Belachew
BACKGROUND: Most of child mortality and under nutrition in developing world were attributed to suboptimal childcare and feeding, which needs detailed investigation beyond the proximal factors. This study was conducted with the aim of assessing associations of women's autonomy and men's involvement with child anthropometric indices in cash crop livelihood areas of South West Ethiopia. METHODS: Multi-stage stratified sampling was used to select 749 farming households living in three coffee producing sub-districts of Jimma zone, Ethiopia...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28263864/the-need-to-revisit-ochratoxin-a-risk-in-light-of-diabetes-obesity-and-chronic-kidney-disease-prevalence
#10
Chen Chen, Felicia Wu
Ochratoxin A (OTA) is a mycotoxin, or fungal toxin, that contaminates multiple foodstuffs worldwide. Affected commodities include oats, wheat, maize, barley, raisins and other dried vine fruits, wine, beer, coffee, and cocoa. Although OTA has been shown to cause kidney disease, including kidney cancer, in multiple animal species, the impact of dietary OTA on human health from a global perspective has been less clear. Several epidemiological studies suggest an association between OTA exposure and human kidney disease, but evidence of causality has been limited...
March 2, 2017: Food and Chemical Toxicology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28260086/development-of-an-assay-to-assess-genotoxicity-by-particulate-matter-extract
#11
Alexandros Priftis, Konstantinos Papikinos, Marina Koukoulanaki, Efthalia Kerasioti, Dimitrios Stagos, Konstantinos Konstantinopoulos, Demetrios A Spandidos, Marianthi Kermenidou, Spyros Karakitsios, Dimosthenis Sarigiannis, Aristides M Tsatsakis, Demetrios Kouretas
The current study describes a method for assessing the oxidative potential of common environmental stressors (ambient air particulate matter), using a plasmid relaxation assay where the extract caused single-strand breaks, easily visualised through electrophoresis. This assay utilises a miniscule amount (11 µg) of particulate matter (PM) extract compared to other, cell‑based methods (~3,000 µg). The negative impact of air pollution on human health has been extensively recognised. Among the air pollutants, PM plays an eminent role, as reflected in the broad scientific interest...
February 6, 2017: Molecular Medicine Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28252368/consumption-of-energy-drinks-among-qu%C3%A3-bec-college-students
#12
Marianne Picard-Masson, Julie Loslier, Pierre Paquin, Karine Bertrand
OBJECTIVES: Consumption of energy drinks (ED) raises concerns because of adverse health effects possibly linked with high levels of caffeine and sugar intake. The study looks at the scope of ED consumption as well as some of the associated characteristics. METHODS: Thirty-six public colleges in the Canadian province of Québec agreed to participate in a descriptive cross-sectional study (n = 36). In February 2013, participating colleges invited their students to answer an online questionnaire on consumption of ED, alcoholic ED (AED), and ED in combination with other psychotropic drugs...
March 1, 2017: Canadian Journal of Public Health. Revue Canadienne de Santé Publique
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28251341/coffee-tea-caffeine-and-risk-of-hypertension-the-singapore-chinese-health-study
#13
Choy-Lye Chei, Julian Kenrick Loh, Avril Soh, Jian-Min Yuan, Woon-Puay Koh
PURPOSE: The relationship between coffee and tea, and risk of hypertension remains controversial in Western populations. We investigated these associations in an Asian population. METHODS: The Singapore Chinese Health Study is a population-based prospective cohort that recruited 63,257 Chinese aged 45-74 years and residing in Singapore from 1993 to 1998. Information on consumption of coffee, tea, and other lifestyle factors was collected at baseline, and self-reported physician-diagnosed hypertension was assessed during two follow-up interviews (1999-2004, 2006-2010)...
March 1, 2017: European Journal of Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28250576/having-a-coffee-break-the-impact-of-caffeine-consumption-on-microglia-mediated-inflammation-in-neurodegenerative-diseases
#14
REVIEW
Maria H Madeira, Raquel Boia, António F Ambrósio, Ana R Santiago
Caffeine is the major component of coffee and the most consumed psychostimulant in the world and at nontoxic doses acts as a nonselective adenosine receptor antagonist. Epidemiological evidence suggests that caffeine consumption reduces the risk of several neurological and neurodegenerative diseases. However, despite the beneficial effects of caffeine consumption in human health and behaviour, the mechanisms by which it impacts the pathophysiology of neurodegenerative diseases still remain to be clarified. A promising hypothesis is that caffeine controls microglia-mediated neuroinflammatory response associated with the majority of neurodegenerative conditions...
2017: Mediators of Inflammation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28249935/an-adolescent-and-early-adulthood-dietary-pattern-associated-with-inflammation-and-the-incidence-of-breast-cancer
#15
Holly R Harris, Walter C Willett, Rita L Vaidya, Karin B Michels
Adolescence is a highly susceptible period for mammary carcinogenesis, but few prospective studies have examined the role of adolescent diet in breast cancer risk. Reduced rank regression has previously been used to identify a dietary pattern associated with markers of inflammation (C-reactive protein, IL6, and TNFα receptor 2). We investigated whether an adolescent and early adulthood inflammatory dietary pattern was associated with breast cancer among 45,204 women in the Nurses' Health Study II using reduced rank regression...
March 1, 2017: Cancer Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28241034/detection-of-plant-micrornas-in-honey
#16
Angelo Gismondi, Gabriele Di Marco, Antonella Canini
For the first time in the literature, our group has managed to demonstrate the existence of plant RNAs in honey samples. In particular, in our work, different RNA extraction procedures were performed in order to identify a purification method for nucleic acids from honey. Purity, stability and integrity of the RNA samples were evaluated by spectrophotometric, PCR and electrophoretic analyses. Among all honey RNAs, we specifically revealed the presence of both plastidial and nuclear plant transcripts: RuBisCO large subunit mRNA, maturase K messenger and 18S ribosomal RNA...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28215148/effects-of-tea-and-coffee-consumption-on-cardiovascular-diseases-and-relative-risk-factors-an-update
#17
Arianna Di Lorenzo, Valeria Curti, Gian Carlo Tenore, Seyed Mohammed Nabavi, Maria Daglia
BACKGROUND: Tea and coffee are the second and third most consumed beverages after water, respectively. The high consumption of these beverages is due to the sensorial properties and effects on psychological and physiological functions, induced by caffeine and many other bioactive components responsible for the protective effects on human health generally ascribed to these beverages. METHODS: The goal of this review article is to collect the scientific data obtained from clinical trials published in the last five years on the role of tea and coffee consumption against cardiovascular diseases (CVDs) and CVD risk factors such as hypertension, hyperglicemia, and hyperlipidaemia...
February 15, 2017: Current Pharmaceutical Design
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28198392/coffee-consumption-is-associated-with-dna-methylation-levels-of-human-blood
#18
Yu-Hsuan Chuang, Austin Quach, Devin Absher, Themistocles Assimes, Steve Horvath, Beate Ritz
Beneficial health effects have been attributed to coffee consumption, but it is not yet known whether epigenetics may have a role in this process. Here we associate epigenome-wide DNA methylation levels to habitual coffee consumption from two studies with blood (2100 and 215 participants), and one with saliva samples (256 participants). Adjusting for age, gender, and blood cell composition, one CpG (cg21566642 near ALPPL2) surpassed genome-wide significance (P=3.7 × 10(-10)) and from among 10 additional CpGs significant at P≤5...
February 15, 2017: European Journal of Human Genetics: EJHG
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28185861/what-are-we-drinking-beverages-shown-in-adolescents-favorite-television-shows
#19
Marla E Eisenberg, Nicole I Larson, Sarah E Gollust, Dianne Neumark-Sztainer
BACKGROUND: Media use has been shown to contribute to poor dietary intake; however, little attention has been paid to programming content. The portrayal of health behaviors in television (TV) programming contributes to social norms among viewers, which have been shown to influence adolescent behavior. OBJECTIVE: This study reports on a content analysis of beverages shown in a sample of TV shows popular with a large, diverse group of adolescents, with attention to the types of beverages and differences across shows and characters...
February 2, 2017: Journal of the Academy of Nutrition and Dietetics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28182799/in-vivo-acrylamide-exposure-may-cause-severe-toxicity-to-mouse-oocytes-through-its-metabolite-glycidamide
#20
Duru Aras, Zeynep Cakar, Sinan Ozkavukcu, Alp Can, Ozgur Cinar
High acrylamide (ACR) content in heat-processed carbohydrate-rich foods, as well as roasted products such as coffee, almonds etc., has been found to be as a risk factor for carcinogenicity and genotoxicity by The World Health Organization. Glycidamide (GLY), the epoxide metabolite of ACR, is processed by the cytochrome P-450 enzyme system and has also been found to be a genotoxic agent. The aim of this study was to determine whether ACR and/or GLY have any detrimental effect on the meiotic cell division of oocytes...
2017: PloS One
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