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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28918361/daytime-sleepiness-and-related-factors-in-nursing-students
#1
Gökçe Demir
BACKGROUND: Evaluation of the frequency and causes of daytime sleepiness in nursing students because it is an important factor in improving the health status of the students, controlling sleep problems, improving students' academic achievements, and maintaining a healthy lifestyle. AIM: The aim of this study was to determine the prevalence of daytime sleepiness in nursing students and the factors associated with it. DESIGN: A cross-sectional research design was used in this study...
August 26, 2017: Nurse Education Today
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28917230/energy-restriction-combined-with-green-coffee-bean-extract-affects-serum-adipocytokines-and-the-body-composition-in-obese-women
#2
Fatemeh Haidari, Mehnoosh Samadi, Majid Mohammadshahi, Mohammad Taha Jalali, Kambiz Ahmadi Engali
BACKGROUND AND OBJECTIVES: Obesity has become a public health problem and is a cause of some preventable illnesses. Among several methods for treating obesity, the use of food supplements is highly common. A commonly used food supplement is green coffee bean extract. The objective of this study was to evaluate the efficacy of green coffee bean extract combined with an energy-restricted diet on the body composition and serum adipocytokines in obese women. METHODS AND STUDY DESIGN: In this randomised clinical trial, 64 obese women aged 20-45 years were selected and divided into two groups: an intervention group (receiving 400 mg green coffee bean extract for 8 weeks) and control group (receiving placebo)...
2017: Asia Pacific Journal of Clinical Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28892367/real-time-food-authentication-using-a-miniature-mass-spectrometer
#3
Stefanie Gerbig, Stephan Neese, Alexander Penner, Bernhard Spengler, Sabine Schulz
Food adulteration is a threat to public health and economy. In order to determine food adulteration efficiently, rapid and easy-to-use on-site analytical methods are needed. In this study, a miniaturized mass spectrometer in combination with three ambient ionization methods was used for food authentication. The chemical fingerprints of three milk types, five fish species and two coffee types were measured using electrospray ionization, desorption electrospray ionization and low temperature plasma ionization...
September 11, 2017: Analytical Chemistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28865736/association-between-inflammatory-diet-pattern-and-risk-of-colorectal-carcinoma-subtypes-classified-by-immune-responses-to-tumor
#4
Li Liu, Reiko Nishihara, Zhi Rong Qian, Fred K Tabung, Daniel Nevo, Xuehong Zhang, Mingyang Song, Yin Cao, Kosuke Mima, Yohei Masugi, Yan Shi, Annacarolina da Silva, Tyler Twombly, Mancang Gu, Wanwan Li, Tsuyoshi Hamada, Keisuke Kosumi, Kentaro Inamura, Jonathan A Nowak, David A Drew, Paul Lochhead, Katsuhiko Nosho, Kana Wu, Molin Wang, Wendy S Garrett, Andrew T Chan, Charles S Fuchs, Edward L Giovannucci, Shuji Ogino
BACKGROUND & AIMS: Dietary patterns affect systemic and local intestinal inflammation, which have been linked to colorectal carcinogenesis. Chronic inflammation can interfere with the adaptive immune response. We investigated whether the association of a diet that promotes intestinal inflammation with risk of colorectal carcinoma was stronger for tumors with lower lymphocytic reactions than tumors with higher lymphocytic reactions. METHODS: We collected data from the molecular pathological epidemiology databases of 2 prospective cohort studies: the Nurses' Health Study (since 1976) and the Health Professional Follow-up Study (since 1986)...
August 30, 2017: Gastroenterology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28853910/coffee-consumption-and-disease-correlations
#5
Buşra Basar Gokcen, Nevin Sanlİer
Coffee is one of the most widely consumed beverages in the world. It has primarily consumed due to its stimulant effect and unique taste since the ancient times. Afterwards, its consumption has been historically associated with a lower risk of some diseases such as type 2 diabetes mellitus, obesity, cardiovascular disease and some type of cancer and thus it has also consumed due to health benefits. It contains many bioactive compounds such as caffeine, chlorogenic acids and diterpenoid alcohols which have so far been associated with many potential health benefits...
August 30, 2017: Critical Reviews in Food Science and Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28846597/neighbourhood-environmental-attributes-associated-with-walking-in-south-australian-adults-differences-between-urban-and-rural-areas
#6
Narelle M Berry, Neil T Coffee, Rebecca Nolan, James Dollman, Takemi Sugiyama
Although the health benefits of walking are well established, participation is lower in rural areas compared to urban areas. Most studies on walkability and walking have been conducted in urban areas, thus little is known about the relevance of walkability to rural areas. A computer-assisted telephone survey of 2402 adults (aged ≥18 years) was conducted to determine walking behaviour and perceptions of neighbourhood walkability. Data were stratified by urban (n = 1738) and rural (n = 664). A greater proportion of respondents reported no walking in rural (25...
August 26, 2017: International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28832552/does-physical-activity-mediate-the-associations-between-local-area-descriptive-norms-built-environment-walkability-and-glycosylated-hemoglobin
#7
Suzanne J Carroll, Theo Niyonsenga, Neil T Coffee, Anne W Taylor, Mark Daniel
Associations between local-area residential features and glycosylated hemoglobin (HbA1c) may be mediated by individual-level health behaviors. Such indirect effects have rarely been tested. This study assessed whether individual-level self-reported physical activity mediated the influence of local-area descriptive norms and objectively expressed walkability on 10-year change in HbA1c. HbA1c was assessed three times for adults in a 10-year population-based biomedical cohort (n = 4056). Local-area norms specific to each participant were calculated, aggregating responses from a separate statewide surveillance survey for 1600 m road-network buffers centered on participant addresses (local prevalence of overweight/obesity (body mass index ≥25 kg/m²) and physical inactivity (<150 min/week))...
August 23, 2017: International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28829349/development-of-a-rapid-method-for-the-determination-of-caffeine-in-coffee-grains-by-gc-fid-a-fully-validated-approach
#8
Ioannis N Pasias, I Kiriakou, Charalampos Proestos
A simple method for the determination of caffeine in coffee grains by GC-FID (Gas Chromatography-Flame Ionisation Detector) is presented in the current work. The method was fully validated according to ISO (International Organization for Standardization) 17025 requirements and European Commission regulations. The accuracy, as provided by recovery experiments, was higher than 93%, and the precision, as provided by the (%) relative standard deviation under reproducibility conditions, was lower than 5%. A vast number of independent parameters that lead in the increase of uncertainty of methods were investigated...
August 22, 2017: Antioxidants (Basel, Switzerland)
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28826374/coffee-caffeine-and-health-outcomes-an-umbrella-review
#9
Giuseppe Grosso, Justyna Godos, Fabio Galvano, Edward L Giovannucci
To evaluate the associations between coffee and caffeine consumption and various health outcomes, we performed an umbrella review of the evidence from meta-analyses of observational studies and randomized controlled trials (RCTs). Of the 59 unique outcomes examined in the selected 112 meta-analyses of observational studies, coffee was associated with a probable decreased risk of breast, colorectal, colon, endometrial, and prostate cancers; cardiovascular disease and mortality; Parkinson's disease; and type-2 diabetes...
August 21, 2017: Annual Review of Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28826271/the-role-of-fermentable-carbohydrates-and-beverages-in-the-symptomatology-of-functional-gastrointestinal-disease
#10
Magnus Moding, Bodil Ohlsson
OBJECTIVES: The pathophysiology behind functional gastrointestinal disease (FGID) has not been defined, but an intestinal accumulation of fermentable short-chain carbohydrates (FODMAPs) is thought to be involved. A restricted coffee intake is recommended. The aim was to investigate if symptoms of FGID were associated with intake of certain foods (including FODMAPs), as well as beverages (including coffee and tea). METHOD AND MATERIALS: Data were used from participants, age range 45-75 years, who had answered the EpiHealth questionnaire about their background factors, health status and intake of food and beverages...
August 21, 2017: Scandinavian Journal of Gastroenterology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28822589/corrigendum-to-coffee-and-tea-breaks-for-liver-health-j-hepatol-67-2017-221-223
#11
Salvatore Petta, Giulio Marchesini
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
August 16, 2017: Journal of Hepatology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28803573/the-school-environment-and-sugar-sweetened-beverage-consumption-among-guatemalan-adolescents
#12
Katelyn M Godin, Violeta Chacón, Joaquin Barnoya, Scott T Leatherdale
OBJECTIVE: The current study sought to examine Guatemalan adolescents' consumption of sugar-sweetened beverages (SSB), identify which individual-level characteristics are associated with SSB consumption and describe school characteristics that may influence students' SSB consumption. DESIGN: Within this observational pilot study, a questionnaire was used to assess students' consumption of three varieties of SSB (soft drinks, energy drinks, sweetened coffees/teas), as well as a variety of sociodemographic and behavioural characteristics...
August 14, 2017: Public Health Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28802304/coffee-consumption-and-coronary-heart-disease-risk-using-the-framingham-risk-score
#13
Hye-Mi Noh, Yong Soon Park, Jeong-Hyeon Kim
BACKGROUND AND OBJECTIVES: Although concerns regarding the influence of coffee consumption on human health have accompanied the massive increase in coffee consumption, the effects of coffee intake on the risk for coronary heart disease (CHD) remain controversial. Therefore, we evaluated the association between coffee consumption and CHD risk as estimated using the Framingham risk model in Korean adults. METHODS AND STUDY DESIGN: This cross-sectional study involved 3,987 participants aged 30-74 years who participated in the fifth Korea National Health and Nutrition Examination Survey conducted in 2010...
2017: Asia Pacific Journal of Clinical Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28765341/coffee-and-green-tea-consumption-and-subsequent-risk-of-malignant-lymphoma-and-multiple-myeloma-in-japan-the-japan-public-health-center-based-prospective-study
#14
Tomotaka Ugai, Keitaro Matsuo, Norie Sawada, Motoki Iwasaki, Taiki Yamaji, Taichi Shimazu, Shizuka Sasazuki, Manami Inoue, Yoshinobu Kanda, Shoichiro Tsugane
Background: The aim of this study was to investigate the association of coffee and green tea consumption and the risk of malignant lymphoma and multiple myeloma in a large-scale population-based cohort study in Japan.Methods: In this analysis, a total of 95,807 Japanese subjects (45,937 men and 49,870 women; ages 40-69 years at baseline) of the Japan Public Health Center-based Prospective Study who completed a questionnaire about their coffee and green tea consumption were followed up until December 31, 2012, for an average of 18 years...
August 2017: Cancer Epidemiology, Biomarkers & Prevention
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28756014/caffeine-and-cardiovascular-health
#15
Duncan Turnbull, Joseph V Rodricks, Gregory F Mariano, Farah Chowdhury
This report evaluates the scientific literature on caffeine with respect to potential cardiovascular outcomes, specifically relative risks of total cardiovascular disease (CVD), coronary heart disease (CHD) and acute myocardial infarction (AMI), effects on arrhythmia, heart failure, sudden cardiac arrest, stroke, blood pressure, hypertension, and other biomarkers of effect, including heart rate, cerebral blood flow, cardiac output, plasma homocysteine levels, serum cholesterol levels, electrocardiogram (EKG) parameters, heart rate variability, endothelial/platelet function and plasma/urine catecholamine levels...
October 2017: Regulatory Toxicology and Pharmacology: RTP
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28740248/associations-of-coffee-diet-drinks-and-non-nutritive-sweetener-use-with-depression-among-populations-in-eastern-canada
#16
Zhijie M Yu, Louise Parker, Trevor J B Dummer
Consumption of coffee and diet drinks and the use of non-nutritive sweeteners is commonplace worldwide. We conducted a cross-sectional analysis to investigate the associations between coffee consumption and non-nutritive sweetener use and depression among populations in Atlantic Canada. During 2009 to 2013, we recruited 18838 participants aged 35-69 years (5854 men and 12984 women) for the baseline survey of the Atlantic Partnership for Tomorrow's Health cohort study. Coffee consumption, sweetener use, and major depression were assessed using a set of standardized questionnaires...
July 24, 2017: Scientific Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28728684/healthful-and-unhealthful-plant-based-diets-and-the-risk-of-coronary-heart%C3%A2-disease-in-u-s-adults
#17
Ambika Satija, Shilpa N Bhupathiraju, Donna Spiegelman, Stephanie E Chiuve, JoAnn E Manson, Walter Willett, Kathryn M Rexrode, Eric B Rimm, Frank B Hu
BACKGROUND: Plant-based diets are recommended for coronary heart disease (CHD) prevention. However, not all plant foods are necessarily beneficial for health. OBJECTIVES: This study sought to examine associations between plant-based diet indices and CHD incidence. METHODS: We included 73,710 women in NHS (Nurses' Health Study) (1984 to 2012), 92,329 women in NHS2 (1991 to 2013), and 43,259 men in Health Professionals Follow-up Study (1986 to 2012), free of chronic diseases at baseline...
July 25, 2017: Journal of the American College of Cardiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28713488/dietary-polyphenol-intake-but-not-the-dietary-total-antioxidant-capacity-is-inversely-related-to-cardiovascular-disease-in-postmenopausal-polish-women-results-of-wobasz-and-wobasz-ii-studies
#18
Anna M Witkowska, Anna Waśkiewicz, Małgorzata E Zujko, Danuta Szcześniewska, Andrzej Pająk, Urszula Stepaniak, Wojciech Drygas
The aim of the study was to assess the relationship between the dietary polyphenol intake (DPI) and the dietary total antioxidant capacity (DTAC) and the prevalence of cardiovascular disease (CVD) in postmenopausal women. Participants were 916 postmenopausal women diagnosed with CVD and 1683 postmenopausal women without history of CVD, who took part in the population-based studies carried out in Poland: WOBASZ (2003-2005) and WOBASZ II (2013-2014). Nutritional data were collected using a single 24-hour dietary recall...
2017: Oxidative Medicine and Cellular Longevity
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28704597/are-incident-gallstones-associated-to-sex-dependent-changes-with-age-a-cohort-study
#19
D M Shabanzadeh, S A Holmboe, L T Sørensen, A Linneberg, A-M Andersson, T Jørgensen
Age and female sex have repeatedly been identified as gallstone determinants but the underlying mechanisms are not clarified. The objectives of this study were to determine if changes with age in physiology, lifestyle, or reproductive hormones were associated with incident gallstones. A cohort study of a general population random sample (N = 2366) aged 30-60 years was performed. Participants were ultrasound screened for gallstones in 1982-84 and again in 1993-94. Lifestyle data and blood samples were obtained and re-analyzed in 2004...
September 2017: Andrology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28703735/coffee-consumption-and-heart-rate-variability-the-brazilian-longitudinal-study-of-adult-health-elsa-brasil-cohort-study
#20
Rackel Aguiar Mendes de Oliveira, Larissa Fortunato Araújo, Roberta Carvalho de Figueiredo, Alessandra C Goulart, Maria Ines Schmidt, Sandhi Maria Barreto, Antonio Luiz Pinho Ribeiro
Studies have shown that acute coffee ingestion can affect cardiovascular autonomic activity, although the chronic effects on heart rate variability (HRV) remain controversial. METHOD: A cross-sectional study with baseline data (2008-2010) from ELSA-Brasil cohort of 15,105 (aged 35-74), based in six Brazilian states. Coffee consumption in the previous 12 months was measured using the semi-quantitative food frequency questionnaire, and HRV was obtained through electrocardiographic tracings during 10 min at rest...
July 13, 2017: Nutrients
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