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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28091973/mechanisms-on-spasmolytic-and-anti-inflammatory-effects-of-a%C3%A2-herbal-medicinal-product-consisting-of-myrrh-chamomile-flower-and-coffee-charcoal
#1
Cica Vissiennon, Karl-Heinz Goos, Jürgen Arnhold, Karen Nieber
Inflammatory bowel disease or irritable bowel syndrome are chronic gastrointestinal disorders which are associated with a lifelong therapeutic need. The disease results in physical, psychological, and social problems with an impact on partnership, sexuality, education, and career. Thus, the number of patients and health care professionals relying on traditional and complementary medicines and especially phytotherapy for the treatment of these chronic conditions is increasing over recent years. One traditional herbal medicinal product consisting of chamomile flower, myrrh, and coffee charcoal has been widely used in clinical practice within this indication area...
January 13, 2017: Wiener Medizinische Wochenschrift
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28080984/modelling-coffee-leaf-rust-risk-in-colombia-with-climate-reanalysis-data
#2
Daniel P Bebber, Ángela Delgado Castillo, Sarah J Gurr
Many fungal plant diseases are strongly controlled by weather, and global climate change is thus likely to have affected fungal pathogen distributions and impacts. Modelling the response of plant diseases to climate change is hampered by the difficulty of estimating pathogen-relevant microclimatic variables from standard meteorological data. The availability of increasingly sophisticated high-resolution climate reanalyses may help overcome this challenge. We illustrate the use of climate reanalyses by testing the hypothesis that climate change increased the likelihood of the 2008-2011 outbreak of Coffee Leaf Rust (CLR, Hemileia vastatrix) in Colombia...
December 5, 2016: Philosophical Transactions of the Royal Society of London. Series B, Biological Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28074613/health-benefits-of-methylxanthines-in-neurodegenerative-diseases
#3
REVIEW
Ainhoa Oñatibia-Astibia, Rafael Franco, Eva Martínez-Pinilla
Methylxanthines (MTXs) are consumed by almost everybody in almost every area of the world. Caffeine, theophylline and theobromine are the most well-known members of this family of compounds; they are present, inter alia, in coffee, tea, cacao, yerba mate and cola drinks. MTXs are readily absorbed in the gastrointestinal tract and are able to penetrate into the central nervous system, where they exert significant psychostimulant actions, which are more evident in acute intake. Coffee has been paradigmatic, as its use was forbidden in many diseases, however, this negative view has radically changed; evidence shows that methylxanthines display health benefits in diseases involving cell death in the nervous system...
January 11, 2017: Molecular Nutrition & Food Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28069114/soymilk-enriched-with-green-coffee-phenolics-antioxidant-and-nutritional-properties-in-the-light-of-phenolics-food-matrix-interactions
#4
Łukasz Sęczyk, Michał Świeca, Urszula Gawlik-Dziki
This study investigated the effect of soymilk fortification with green coffee extract (GCE) on phenolic contents, antioxidant capacity, relative in vitro digestibility of proteins and starch, and consumer acceptance. Special attention was paid to the effect of phenolics-food matrix interactions on fortification efficiency. Soymilk was enriched with GCE extracts containing 0.025-1mg of phenolics per 1mL-samples M1-M6. Compared to control, an increase in phenolic contents of up to 70% (M6) was observed for potentially bioaccessible fractions (AD)...
May 15, 2017: Food Chemistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28061789/comparison-of-cardiovascular-risk-factors-and-dietary-intakes-among-javanese-surinamese-and-south-asian-surinamese-in-the-netherlands-the-helius-study
#5
Qaisar Raza, Marieke B Snijder, Jacob C Seidell, Ron J G Peters, Mary Nicolaou
BACKGROUND: Ethnic differences regarding the percent of non-communicable diseases have been shown in Asia but the studies on Asian subgroups living in the western countries regarding percent of cardiovascular risk factors and dietary intakes have been scarce. Therefore we compared the percent of cardiovascular risk factors and dietary intakes between Javanese Surinamese who are originally from Indonesia and South-Asian Surinamese who are originally from India. METHODS: Cross-sectional baseline data of the HELIUS (Healthy Life in an Urban Setting) study were used, including data of 2935 Surinamese participants (197 of Javanese and 2738 of South-Asian origin) out of which 1160 participants (78 Javanese and 1082 South-Asian) additionally reported dietary intake data...
January 6, 2017: BMC Research Notes
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28029506/the-effect-of-coffee-intake-on-lysophosphatidylcholines-a-targeted-metabolomic-approach
#6
Andreia Machado Miranda, Antonio Augusto Ferreira Carioca, Josiane Steluti, Ismael Dale Cotrim Guerreiro da Silva, Regina Mara Fisberg, Dirce Maria Marchioni
BACKGROUND & AIM: Lysophosphatidylcholines (lysoPC) are known to be a pathological component of oxidized-LDL, and several studies demonstrate its pro-inflammatory properties in vitro. Nevertheless, bioactive compounds found in coffee, such as phenolic acids might inhibit LDL oxidation. The relationship between coffee consumption and lysoPC has not been described previously in humans. The aim of the present study was to assess the association between coffee intake and plasma lysoPC levels in adults...
October 22, 2016: Clinical Nutrition: Official Journal of the European Society of Parenteral and Enteral Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28012692/mediation-of-coffee-induced-improvements-in-human-vascular-function-by-chlorogenic-acids-and-its-metabolites-two-randomized-controlled-crossover-intervention-trials
#7
Charlotte E Mills, Andreas Flury, Cynthia Marmet, Laura Poquet, Stefano F Rimoldi, Claudio Sartori, Emrush Rexhaj, Roman Brenner, Yves Allemann, Diane Zimmermann, Glenn R Gibson, Don S Mottram, Maria-Jose Oruna-Concha, Lucas Actis-Goretta, Jeremy P E Spencer
BACKGROUND & AIMS: Polyphenol intake has been linked to improvements in human vascular function, although data on hydroxycinnamates, such as chlorogenic acid (CGA) have not yet been studied. We aimed to investigate the impact of coffee intake rich in chlorogenic acid on human vascular function and whether CGAs are involved in potential effects. METHODS: Two acute randomized, controlled, cross-over human intervention trials were conducted. The impact of coffee intake, matched for caffeine but differing in CGA content (89, and 310 mg) on flow-mediated dilatation (FMD) was assessed in 15 healthy male subjects...
November 30, 2016: Clinical Nutrition: Official Journal of the European Society of Parenteral and Enteral Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27983573/trends-in-consumption-of-solid-fats-added-sugars-sodium-sugar-sweetened-beverages-and-fruit-from-fast-food-restaurants-and-by-fast-food-restaurant-type-among-us-children-2003-2010
#8
Colin D Rehm, Adam Drewnowski
Energy intakes from fast food restaurants (FFRs) have declined among US children. Less is known about the corresponding trends for FFR-sourced solid fats, added sugars, and sodium, and food groups of interest, such as fruit and sugar-sweetened beverages (SSBs). Using data from a single 24-h dietary recall among 12,378 children aged 4-19 years from four consecutive cycles of the nationally-representative National Health and Nutrition Examination Survey (NHANES), 2003-2010 a custom algorithm segmented FFRs into burger, pizza, sandwich, Mexican cuisine, chicken, Asian cuisine, fish restaurants, and coffee shops...
December 13, 2016: Nutrients
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27982682/acrylamide-a-common-food-toxin-related-to-physiological-functions-and-health
#9
M Semla, Z Goc, M Martinikova, R Omelka, G Formicki
Acrylamide (AA) is a highly reactive organic compound capable of polimeryzation to form polyacrylamide, which is commonly used throughout a variety of industries. Given its toxic effect on humans and animals, the last 20 years have seen an increased interest in research devoted to the AA. One of the main sources of AA is food. AA appears in heated food following the reaction between aminoacids and reduced sugars. Large concentrations of AA can be found in popular staples such as coffee, bread or potato products...
December 16, 2016: Physiological Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27981846/exhaustive-qualitative-lc-dad-ms-n-analysis-of-arabica-green-coffee-beans-cinnamoyl-glycosides-and-cinnamoylshikimic-acids-as-new-polyphenols-in-green-coffee
#10
Gema Baeza, Beatriz Sarriá, Laura Bravo, Raquel Mateos
Coffee is one of the most consumed beverages in the world, due to its unique aroma and stimulant properties. Although its health effects are controversial, moderate intake seems to be beneficial. The present work deals with the characterization and quantification of polyphenols and methylxanthines in four Arabica green coffee beans from different geographical origins. The antioxidant activity was also evaluated. Forty-three polyphenols (cinnamic acid, cinnamoyl-amide, 5 cinammoyl-glycosides, and 36 cinnamate esters) were identified using LC-MS(n)...
December 28, 2016: Journal of Agricultural and Food Chemistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27966411/-the-effect-of-christmas-joy-on-the-mood-among-medical-doctors-a-randomized-blinded-intervention-study
#11
Christine Ilkjær, Marianne B Møller, Mette H Lauridsen, Susanne Ilkjær, Vibeke E Hjortdal
INTRODUCTION: Each December Santa's elves spread Christmas joy (JN). Laughter and humour may influence health and stress level. No other study has investigated the effect of JN on the good spirit (DGH) among healthcare professionals. MATERIAL AND METHODS: We performed a single-centre blinded intervention study with crossover at three hospital departments. JN intervention of three days was randomized. Median ± standard deviation was given. The level of significance was p < 0...
December 12, 2016: Ugeskrift for Laeger
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27965732/phytochemical-composition-antioxidant-activity-and-the-effect-of-the-aqueous-extract-of-coffee-coffea-arabica-l-bean-residual-press-cake-on-the-skin-wound-healing
#12
Regina Celis Lopes Affonso, Ana Paula Lorenzen Voytena, Simone Fanan, Heloísa Pitz, Daniela Sousa Coelho, Ana Luiza Horstmann, Aline Pereira, Virgílio Gavicho Uarrota, Maria Clara Hillmann, Lucas Andre Calbusch Varela, Rosa Maria Ribeiro-do-Valle, Marcelo Maraschin
The world coffee consumption has been growing for its appreciated taste and its beneficial effects on health. The residual biomass of coffee, originated in the food industry after oil extraction from coffee beans, called coffee beans residual press cake, has attracted interest as a source of compounds with antioxidant activity. This study investigated the chemical composition of aqueous extracts of coffee beans residual press cake (AE), their antioxidant activity, and the effect of topical application on the skin wound healing, in animal model, of hydrogels containing the AE, chlorogenic acid (CGA), allantoin (positive control), and carbopol (negative control)...
2016: Oxidative Medicine and Cellular Longevity
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27938940/beverage-intake-and-metabolic-syndrome-risk-over-14-years-the-study-of-women-s-health-across-the-nation
#13
Bradley M Appelhans, Ana Baylin, Mei-Hua Huang, Hong Li, Imke Janssen, Rasa Kazlauskaite, Elizabeth F Avery, Howard M Kravitz
BACKGROUND: Alcohol and energy-dense beverages consumption have been implicated in cardiometabolic disease, albeit inconsistently. OBJECTIVE: This study tested prospective associations between intakes of alcohol, energy-dense beverages, and low-calorie beverages and cardiometabolic risk in midlife women. DESIGN: The Study of Women's Health Across the Nation is a 14-year, multisite prospective cohort study (1996-2011). Beverage intake and cardiometabolic risk factors that define the metabolic syndrome (hypertension, abdominal obesity, impaired fasting glucose, low high-density lipoprotein cholesterol level, and hypertriglyceridemia) were assessed throughout follow-up...
December 6, 2016: Journal of the Academy of Nutrition and Dietetics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27917672/-insomnia-and-habits-to-help-to-fall-asleep-among-adults
#14
Katalin Fusz, Béla Faludi, Dorina Pusztai, Nóra Sebők, András Oláh
INTRODUCTION: The quality of sleep can be influenced by several factors, insomnia in turn has an effect on the state of health. AIM: The aim of our survey is to measure the effects of insomnia, furthermore, the sleep affecting agents and habits to help to fall asleep among adults. METHOD: We collected the online nationwide and the written datas from the South-Transdanubia region, 455 adults filled the questionnaire which contains the Athens Insomnia Scale...
December 2016: Orvosi Hetilap
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27916427/tea-cocoa-coffee-and-affective-disorders-vicious-or-virtuous-cycle
#15
REVIEW
Tatiana García-Blanco, Alberto Dávalos, Francesco Visioli
BACKGROUND: The prevalence of psychiatric disorders is increasing worldwide, which underscores the importance of increasing research in this field, in terms of better detection, prevention based on improvement of lifestyle and diet, and effectiveness of treatment. Increasing evidence suggest that diet and exercise can affect proper neuronal development and physiology and protect the brain from neurological illnesses or injuries. Of note, cocoa, tea, and coffee are being actively investigated because they are rich in (poly)phenolic compounds that can modulate mental health, namely brain plasticity, behavior, mood, depression, and cognition...
November 25, 2016: Journal of Affective Disorders
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27911404/using-capillary-electrophoresis-to-quantify-organic-acids-from-plant-tissue-a-test-case-examining-coffea-arabica-seeds
#16
Michael Joe Vaughan, Ann Chanon, Joshua J Blakeslee
Carboxylic acids are organic acids containing one or more terminal carboxyl (COOH) functional groups. Short chain carboxylic acids (SCCAs; carboxylic acids containing three to six carbons), such as malate and citrate, are critical to the proper functioning of many biological systems, where they function in cellular respiration and can serve as indicators of cell health. In foods, organic acid content can have significant impact on taste, with increased SCCA levels resulting in a sour or "acid" taste. Because of this, methods for the rapid analysis of organic acid levels are of particular interest to the food and beverage industries...
November 12, 2016: Journal of Visualized Experiments: JoVE
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27905062/addressing-childhood-obesity-through-multisector-collaborations-evaluation-of-a-national-quality-improvement-effort
#17
Margaret B Hargreaves, Cara Orfield, Todd Honeycutt, Michaela Vine, Charlotte Cabili, Brandon Coffee-Borden, Michaella Morzuch, Lydie A Lebrun-Harris, Sylvia K Fisher
The Healthy Weight Collaborative (HWC) represents a national quality improvement effort to increase uptake of evidence-based community-based interventions to address obesity among children. Implemented from 2011 to 2013, the HWC built the capacity of 49 community-based multisector teams (10 teams in the Phase 1 pilot, 39 teams in Phase 2), delivered services to support health behavior changes in children and families, and implemented sustainable social and environmental policy change at the organizational and community levels...
November 30, 2016: Journal of Community Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27880781/assessment-of-blood-pressure-control-among-hypertensive-patients-in-southwest-ethiopia
#18
Solomon Woldegebriel Asgedom, Esayas Kebede Gudina, Tigestu Alemu Desse
BACKGROUND: The rate of blood pressure control among hypertensive patients is poor and the reasons for poor control of blood pressure remain poorly understood globally. OBJECTIVE: To assess the rate of blood pressure control among adult hypertensive patients at Jimma University Specialized Hospital. MATERIALS AND METHODS: We conducted a hospital based cross sectional study among adult hypertensive patients at Jimma University Specialized Hospital hypertension clinic from March 4, 2015 to April 3, 2015...
2016: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27873069/estimated-dietary-intake-and-major-food-sources-of-polyphenols-in-elderly-of-vi%C3%A3-osa-brazil-a-population-based-study
#19
Mary Anne Nascimento-Souza, Pedro Gontijo de Paiva, Jara Pérez-Jiménez, Sylvia do Carmo Castro Franceschini, Andréia Queiroz Ribeiro
PURPOSE: Epidemiological studies have remarked the beneficial role that polyphenols may have in the elderly population such as cancer and cardiovascular disease prevention. This is particularly relevant considering the global tendency of population aging. Data on polyphenol intake in the elderly population are scarce and usually provide partial information-only for some polyphenol classes. The aim of this study was to estimate the intake of polyphenols and its major dietary contributors in the population of Viçosa...
November 21, 2016: European Journal of Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27867810/bio-ethanol-production-from-wet-coffee-processing-waste-in-ethiopia
#20
Asrat Gebremariam Woldesenbet, Belay Woldeyes, Bhagwan Singh Chandravanshi
Large amounts of coffee residues are generated from coffee processing plants in Ethiopia. These residues are toxic and possess serious environmental problems following the direct discharge into the nearby water bodies which cause serious environmental and health problems. This study was aimed to quantify wet coffee processing waste and estimate its bio-ethanol production. The study showed that the wastes are potential environmental problems and cause water pollution due to high organic component and acidic nature...
2016: SpringerPlus
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