keyword
MENU ▼
Read by QxMD icon Read
search

Narcotics

keyword
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29049947/3d-spongy-graphene-modified-screen-printed-sensors-for-the-voltammetric-determination-of-the-narcotic-drug-codeine
#1
Mona A Mohamed, Dalia M El-Gendy, Nashaat Ahmed, Craig E Banks, Nageh K Allam
Adenine-functionalized spongy graphene (FSG) composite, fabricated via a facile and green synthetic method, has been explored as a potential electrocatalyst toward the electroanalytical sensing of codeine phosphate (COD). The synthesized composite is characterized using Fourier transform infrared spectroscopy (FTIR), Raman spectroscopy, X-ray powder diffraction, UV-vis absorption spectroscopy, scanning electron microscopy, high resolution transmission electron microscopy (HRTEM), and thermogravimetric analysis...
October 11, 2017: Biosensors & Bioelectronics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29049548/multimodal-analgesia-in-outpatient-head-and-neck-surgery-a-feasibility-and-safety-study
#2
Justin Oltman, Oleg Militsakh, Mark D'Agostino, Brittany Kauffman, Robert Lindau, Andrew Coughlin, William Lydiatt, Daniel Lydiatt, Russell Smith, Aru Panwar
Importance: Perioperative analgesia strategies that rely solely on narcotics may contribute to adverse effects and concerns about opioid abuse or dependence. Multimodal analgesia protocols incorporating nonnarcotic agents may reduce the need for postoperative narcotic use. Objective: To evaluate the feasibility and safety of a multimodal analgesia protocol for outpatient head and neck surgical procedures and to identify the association of the multimodal analgesia protocol with postoperative pain perception scores and patient satisfaction...
October 19, 2017: JAMA Otolaryngology—Head & Neck Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29049131/comparison-of-surgical-outcomes-narcotics-utilization-and-costs-after-an-anterior-cervical-discectomy-and-fusion-stand-alone-cage-versus-anterior-plating
#3
Ehsan Tabaraee, Junyoung Ahn, Daniel D Bohl, Michael J Collins, Dustin H Massel, Khaled Aboushaala, Kern Singh
STUDY DESIGN: Retrospective cohort analysis of a prospectively maintained registry. OBJECTIVE: To compare the surgical outcomes, narcotic utilization, and costs between a stand-alone (SA) cage and anterior plating (AP) with an interbody device for 1-level anterior cervical discectomy and fusion (ACDF). BACKGROUND DATA: ACDF with a SA cage has gained popularity as a potential alternative to anterior cervical plating. Few studies have compared the surgical outcomes, narcotic utilization, and costs of ACDF utilizing a SA cage versus AP with an interbody device...
November 2017: Clinical Spine Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29049110/evidence-for-the-efficacy-of-systemic-opioid-sparing-analgesics-in-pediatric-surgical-populations-a-systematic-review
#4
Alyssa Zhu, Hubert A Benzon, T Anthony Anderson
While a large number of studies has examined the efficacy of opioid-sparing analgesics in adult surgical populations, fewer studies are available to guide postoperative pain treatment in pediatric patients. We systematically reviewed available publications on the use of systemic nonopioid agents for postoperative analgesia in pediatric surgical populations. A comprehensive literature search identified meta-analyses and randomized controlled trials (RCTs) assessing the effects of systemic, nonopioid agents on postoperative narcotic requirements or pain scores in pediatric surgical populations...
November 2017: Anesthesia and Analgesia
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29040231/continuous-infraclavicular-brachial-block-versus-single-shot-nerve-block-for-distal-radius-surgery-a-prospective-randomized-control-trial
#5
Abhishek Ganta, David Ding, Nina Fisher, Jessica Lavery, Sudheer Jain, Nirmal Tejwani
OBJECTIVES: To compare the efficacy of an infraclaviclar single shot nerve block to a continuous infusion through an On Q infusion pump for rebound pain (between 12 to 24 hours post-operatively) and post operative narcotic analgesia requirements in distal radius fractures. DESIGN: Prospective Randomized Control Trial SETTINGS:: Performed at two hospitals affiliated with a large urban academic medical center PATIENTS:: Fifty patients undergoing operative fixation of distal radius fractures (OTA/AO type 23B/C) INTERVENTION:: Patients were randomized to receive either an infraclavicular block as a single shot (SSB group) or a continuous infusion through an On Q pump (On Q group) MAIN OUTCOME MEASURES:: Visual analog scale (0-10) pain levels and amount of pain medication taken RESULTS:: At all time points after discharge, mean post-operative pain scores were lower in the On Q group vs the SSB group but did not reach statistical significance...
September 1, 2017: Journal of Orthopaedic Trauma
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29037001/-analysis-of-the-characteristics-and-hiv-syphilis-hcv-infection-among-new-narcotic-users-in-beijing-2010-2016
#6
Y M Sun, G Y Li, S F He, H Y Lu
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
October 6, 2017: Zhonghua Yu Fang Yi Xue za Zhi [Chinese Journal of Preventive Medicine]
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29028641/postoperative-care-after-tonsillectomy-what-s-the-evidence
#7
Patrick Carpenter, Daniel Hall, Jeremy D Meier
PURPOSE OF REVIEW: The purpose of this review is to evaluate the current literature regarding postoperative management after tonsillectomy in children. RECENT FINDINGS: Controversy remains regarding the ideal medication regimen to manage pain after tonsillectomy. Acetaminophen and ibuprofen are routinely used, although concerns of more severe postoperative hemorrhage with ibuprofen remain. Narcotics are prescribed commonly, but with extreme caution in children with severe obstructive sleep apnea...
October 11, 2017: Current Opinion in Otolaryngology & Head and Neck Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29028489/assessment-of-types-of-synthetic-cannabinoids-in-narcotic-cases-assessed-by-the-council-of-forensic-medicine-between-2011-2015-ankara-turkey
#8
Ersin Göl, İsmet Çok
Synthetic cannabinoids mimic the effects of cannabis and are the largest and fastest growing class of newly appearing designer drugs. Reports have revealed that various types of synthetic cannabinoids are mixed with herbal substances. The present study investigated the herbal substance cases involving synthetic cannabinoids in Ankara and nearby cities in Turkey. Data were collected from the reports of synthetic cannabinoids that were analyzed between January 01, 2011 and December 31, 2015 in the Ankara Narcotic Department of the Council of Forensic Medicine at the request of the judicial authorities...
October 4, 2017: Forensic Science International
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29027622/minimally-invasive-techniques-for-lumbar-decompressions-and-fusions
#9
REVIEW
Ankur S Narain, Fady Y Hijji, Jonathan S Markowitz, Krishna T Kudaravalli, Kelly H Yom, Kern Singh
PURPOSE OF REVIEW: The purpose of this study is to summarize the recent literature investigating the use of minimally invasive (MIS) techniques in the treatment of lumbar degenerative stenosis, spondylolisthesis, and scoliosis. RECENT FINDINGS: MIS lumbar decompression and fusion techniques for degenerative pathology are associated with reduced operative morbidity, shortened length of hospital stay, and reduced postoperative pain and narcotics utilization. Recent studies with long-term clinical follow-up have demonstrated equivalence in clinical outcomes between open and MIS surgical procedures...
October 11, 2017: Current Reviews in Musculoskeletal Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29025110/effect-of-continuous-local-anesthetic-in-post-cardiac-surgery-patients-a-systematic-review
#10
Serena S Hong, Maree A Milross, Jennifer A Alison
Objective: The purpose of this review was to determine the effect of CLA infusion post cardiac surgery on pain, time to ambulation, severe adverse events, patient satisfaction, time to extubation, length of stay in the intensive care unit and in the hospital, total narcotic consumption, and pulmonary function. Design: Systematic review with meta-analysis (PROSPERO CRD42014010188). Methods: We searched the following electronic databases: the Cochrane Central Register of Controlled Trials (CENTRAL); MEDLINE; EMBASE; CINAHL; Allied and Complementary Medicine (AMED); and PsycINFO; as well as hand-searching cardiothoracic surgery and anesthetic journals and meeting abstracts...
August 16, 2017: Pain Medicine: the Official Journal of the American Academy of Pain Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29024718/a-randomized-controlled-trial-of-continuous-subpleural-bupivacaine-after-thoracoscopic-surgery
#11
Charles D Ghee, Daniel L Fortes, Chang Liu, Sandeep J Khandhar
OBJECTIVES: We seek to evaluate the merit of routine placement of a subpleural tunneled pain catheter delivering local anesthetic as measured by narcotic medication usage and subjective pain score analysis. METHODS: Eighty-six patients were randomized into the subpleural catheter or intraoperative incision site injection groups in a 1:1 fashion and underwent thoracoscopic surgery utilizing two incisions. All patients had standardized anesthetic delivery and postoperative pain control...
October 9, 2017: Seminars in Thoracic and Cardiovascular Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29024509/adding-a-new-separation-dimension-to-ms-and-lc-ms-what-is-the-utility-of-ion-mobility-spectrometry
#12
Valentina D'Atri, Tim Causon, Oscar Hernandez-Alba, Aline Mutabazi, Jean-Luc Veuthey, Sarah Cianferani, Davy Guillarme
Ion mobility spectrometry is an analytical technique known for more than 100 years, which entails separating ions in the gas phase based on their size, shape and charge. While ion mobility spectrometry alone can be useful for some applications (mostly security analysis for detecting certain classes of narcotics and explosives), it becomes even more powerful in combination with mass spectrometry and high-performance liquid chromatography. Indeed, the limited resolving power of ion mobility spectrometry alone can be tackled when combining this analytical strategy with mass spectrometry or liquid chromatography with mass spectrometry...
October 12, 2017: Journal of Separation Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29023594/first-trimester-medication-abortion-practice-in-the-united-states-and-canada
#13
Heidi E Jones, Katharine O'Connell White, Wendy V Norman, Edith Guilbert, E Steve Lichtenberg, Maureen Paul
We conducted a cross-sectional survey of abortion facilities from professional networks in the United States (US, n = 703) and Canada (n = 94) to estimate the prevalence of medication abortion practices in these settings and to look at regional differences. Administrators responded to questions on gestational limits, while up to five clinicians per facility reported on 2012 medication abortion practice. At the time of fielding, mifepristone was not approved in Canada. 383 (54.5%) US and 78 (83.0%) Canadian facilities participated...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29022372/machine-learning-based-models-to-predict-modes-of-toxic-action-of-phenols-to-tetrahymena-pyriformis
#14
J A Castillo-Garit, G M Casañola-Martin, S J Barigye, H Pham-The, F Torrens, A Torreblanca
The phenols are structurally heterogeneous pollutants and they present a variety of modes of toxic action (MOA), including polar narcotics, weak acid respiratory uncouplers, pro-electrophiles, and soft electrophiles. Because it is often difficult to determine correctly the mechanism of action of a compound, quantitative structure-activity relationship (QSAR) methods, which have proved their interest in toxicity prediction, can be used. In this work, several QSAR models for the prediction of MOA of 221 phenols to the ciliated protozoan Tetrahymena pyriformis, using Chemistry Development Kit descriptors, are reported...
September 2017: SAR and QSAR in Environmental Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28990210/the-impact-of-practice-guidelines-on-opioid-utilization-for-injured-workers
#15
Christine Buttorff, Antonio J Trujillo, Renan Castillo, Andres I Vecino-Ortiz, Gerard F Anderson
BACKGROUND: Opioid use is rising in the US and may cause special problems in workers compensation cases, including addiction and preventing a return to work after an injury. OBJECTIVE: This study evaluates a physician-level intervention to curb opioid usage. An insurer identified patients with out-of-guideline opioid utilization and called the prescribing physician to discuss the patient's treatment protocol. RESEARCH DESIGN: This study uses a differences-in-differences study design with a propensity-score-matched control group...
October 9, 2017: American Journal of Industrial Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28978783/cocaethylene-the-in-vivo-product-of-cocaine-and-ethanol-is-a-narcotic-more-potent-than-its-precursors
#16
Angélica Faleiros da Silva Maia, Felipe T Martins, Leonardo da Silva Neto, Rosemeire Brondi Alves, Ângelo De Fátima
The molecular conformation and supramolecular architecture of cocaethylene [systematic name: ethyl (1R,2R,3S,5S)-3-benzoyloxy-8-methyl-8-azabicyclo[3.2.1]octane-2-carboxylate], C18H23NO4, have been determined for the first time. Cocaethylene is a narcotic produced in vivo when cocaine and ethanol are administered concomitantly. The intra- and intermolecular features of cocaethylene and its less potent narcotic precursor cocaine are very similar. The only molecular difference is in the conformation of the methyl group of the ethoxycarbonyl group...
October 1, 2017: Acta Crystallographica. Section C, Structural Chemistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28975069/the-analgesic-efficacy-of-intrathecal-bupivacaine-and-fentanyl-with-added-neostigmine-or-magnesium-sulphate
#17
Mehrdad Mokaram Dori, Farid Foruzin
BACKGROUND: An appropriate anesthesia duration with minimal side effects and prolonged postoperative analgesia are the ideal characteristics of an intrathecal drug used during spinal anesthesia. Neostigmine and magnesium sulphate have been used as spinal anesthetic additives with narcotics and local anesthetics. OBJECTIVES: This study aimed to assess the analgesic properties of intrathecal neostigmine and magnesium sulphate by adding them to intrathecal bupivacaine-fentanyl...
December 2016: Anesthesiology and Pain Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28969398/comparison-of-conventional-dressings-and-vacuum-assisted-closure-in-the-wound-therapy-of-fournier-s-gangrene
#18
Fatih Yanaral, Can Balci, Faruk Ozgor, Abdulmuttalip Simsek, Ozkan Onuk, Muammer Aydin, Baris Nuhoglu
OBJECTIVE: The purpose of our study was to compare Vacuum-assisted closure (VAC) and conventional dressings in the wound therapy of Fournier's gangrene (FG). MATERIALS AND METHODS: The study evaluated 54 patients, retrospectively. Following initial removal of necrotic and devitalized tissue, in Group I patients the wounds were covered with conventional antiseptic dressings and patients continued to be treated with conventional dressings. In Group II patients VAC therapy was initiated...
October 3, 2017: Archivio Italiano di Urologia, Andrologia
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28968623/responsible-opioid-prescribing-for-chronic-pain-interpreting-the-cdc-guideline-understanding-new-rhode-island-regulations
#19
Alan L Gordon, Amy F Snyder
New Rhode Island regulations require physicians and other licensed practitioners to make significant adjustments to comply with new requirements for prescribing narcotics for chronic pain. Responding to the opioid epidemic, the new rules are intended to improve patient safety by changing physicians' prescribing patterns. However, the new rules may overlook the importance of treatment-access problems and the importance of buprenorphine products for treating pain and opioid dependence. Empirical data have demonstrated the safety and efficacy of buprenorphine in treating opioid-dependent patients with chronic pain, including those with and without substance abuse histories, but access to buprenorphine treatment remains limited throughout the state...
October 2, 2017: Rhode Island Medical Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28959894/hydrothermally-synthesized-zinc-oxide-nanorods-incorporated-on-lab-on-paper-device-for-electrochemical-detection-of-recreational-drug
#20
Jagriti Narang, Chaitali Singhal, Manika Khanuja, Ashish Mathur, Akshay Jain, C S Pundir
This paper reports an electrochemical paper analytical device (EPAD) for detection of recreational drug; methylenedioxymethamphetamine (MDMA). MDMA is used as an addictive narcotic by youth and there is an urgent need to detect this drug as it is a potential neurotoxic agent. The proposed EPAD represents many advantageous features of being simple, low-cost, consistent and disposable. The working electrode of the EPAD features zinc oxide nanorods (ZnONRs). The morphological, optical, elemental composition and phase analysis of the synthesized ZnONRs has been characterized by field emission scanning electron microscopy (FESEM), UV-Vis spectroscopy, energy dispersive X-ray spectroscopy (EDAX), photo-luminescence (PL) and X-ray diffraction (XRD)...
September 29, 2017: Artificial Cells, Nanomedicine, and Biotechnology
keyword
keyword
4071
1
2
Fetch more papers »
Fetching more papers... Fetching...
Read by QxMD. Sign in or create an account to discover new knowledge that matter to you.
Remove bar
Read by QxMD icon Read
×

Search Tips

Use Boolean operators: AND/OR

diabetic AND foot
diabetes OR diabetic

Exclude a word using the 'minus' sign

Virchow -triad

Use Parentheses

water AND (cup OR glass)

Add an asterisk (*) at end of a word to include word stems

Neuro* will search for Neurology, Neuroscientist, Neurological, and so on

Use quotes to search for an exact phrase

"primary prevention of cancer"
(heart or cardiac or cardio*) AND arrest -"American Heart Association"