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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28931184/-modern-interdisciplinary-management-of-a-uretero-iliac-artery-fistula-case-report
#1
D Benedix, F Meyer, F Fischbach, A Janitzky, Z Halloul
Introduction Abnormal links between the arterial system and other luminal systems are a challenge to those in charge of their adequate diagnostic and therapeutic management. Objective Scientific case report on an individual who underwent successful treatment combining vascular-surgical and interventional radiology techniques for a rare right uretero-iliac artery fistula based on personal clinical experience, a selective literature research and a detailed discussion of current recommendations for diagnostic workup and subsequent treatment...
September 20, 2017: Aktuelle Urologie
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28901005/delivery-arrangements-for-health-systems-in-low-income-countries-an-overview-of-systematic-reviews
#2
REVIEW
Agustín Ciapponi, Simon Lewin, Cristian A Herrera, Newton Opiyo, Tomas Pantoja, Elizabeth Paulsen, Gabriel Rada, Charles S Wiysonge, Gabriel Bastías, Lilian Dudley, Signe Flottorp, Marie-Pierre Gagnon, Sebastian Garcia Marti, Claire Glenton, Charles I Okwundu, Blanca Peñaloza, Fatima Suleman, Andrew D Oxman
BACKGROUND: Delivery arrangements include changes in who receives care and when, who provides care, the working conditions of those who provide care, coordination of care amongst different providers, where care is provided, the use of information and communication technology to deliver care, and quality and safety systems. How services are delivered can have impacts on the effectiveness, efficiency and equity of health systems. This broad overview of the findings of systematic reviews can help policymakers and other stakeholders identify strategies for addressing problems and improve the delivery of services...
September 13, 2017: Cochrane Database of Systematic Reviews
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28888810/bystander-automated-external-defibrillator-use-and-clinical-outcomes-after-out-of-hospital-cardiac-arrest-a-systematic-review-and-meta-analysis
#3
REVIEW
Mathias J Holmberg, Mikael Vognsen, Mikkel S Andersen, Michael W Donnino, Lars W Andersen
AIM: To systematically review studies comparing bystander automated external defibrillator (AED) use to no AED use in regard to clinical outcomes in out-of-hospital cardiac arrest (OHCA), and to provide a descriptive summary of studies on the cost-effectiveness of bystander AED use. METHODS: We searched Medline, Embase, the Web of Science, and the Cochrane Library for randomized trials and observational studies published before June 1, 2017. Meta-analyses were performed for patients with all rhythms, shockable rhythms, and non-shockable rhythms...
September 6, 2017: Resuscitation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28887033/long-term-exposure-to-pm2-5-lowers-influenza-virus-resistance-via-down-regulating-pulmonary-macrophage-kdm6a-and-mediates-histones-modification-in-il-6-and-ifn-%C3%AE-promoter-regions
#4
Jing-Hui Ma, Shao-Hua Song, Meng Guo, Ji Zhou, Fang Liu, Li Peng, Zhi-Ren Fu
Atmospheric particulates, especially PM2.5, not only damage the respiratory system, but also play important roles in pulmonary immunity. China is influenced by atmospheric diffusion conditions, industrial manufacturers, and heating and discharging. PM2.5 levels in the air rise substantially in the winter, which is also a period of flu high-incidence. Although an epidemiological link exists between PM2.5 and flu, we do not understand how long-term PM2.5 inhalation affects pulmonary immunity and the influenza virus response...
September 5, 2017: Biochemical and Biophysical Research Communications
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28885952/military-sexual-trauma-in-female-veterans-is-associated-with-chronic-pain-conditions
#5
Sara B Cichowski, Rebecca G Rogers, Elizabeth A Clark, Erin Murata, Allison Murata, Glen Murata
INTRODUCTION: Little is known about the impact of MST on chronic pain conditions among female Veterans. The primary objective of this study was to compare the prevalence of chronic pain conditions among U.S. female veterans with a history of military sexual trauma (MST) to those without a history of MST. We anticipated that female Veterans with a history of MST would have higher associations with chronic pain conditions than the female Veterans without a history of MST. MATERIALS AND METHODS: This was a large-scale, retrospective study using the Veterans' Health Administration Corporate Data Warehouse with institutional approval (15-H175)...
September 2017: Military Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28885382/the-ideal-hospital-discharge-summary-a-survey-of-u-s-physicians
#6
Atsushi Sorita, Paul M Robelia, Sharma B Kattel, Christopher P McCoy, Allan Scott Keller, Jehad Almasri, Mohammad Hassan Murad, James S Newman, Deanne T Kashiwagi
BACKGROUND: Hospital discharge summaries enable communication between inpatient and outpatient physicians. Despite existing guidelines for discharge summaries, they are frequently suboptimal. OBJECTIVE: The aim of this study was to assess physicians' perspectives about discharge summaries and the differences between summaries' authors (hospitalists) and readers (primary care physicians [PCPs]). METHODS: A national survey of 1600 U.S. physicians was undertaken...
September 6, 2017: Journal of Patient Safety
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28885297/spinal-surgeons-opinions-on-pre-and-postoperative-rehabilitation-in-patients-undergoing-lumbar-spinal-fusion-surgery-a-survey-based-study-in-the-netherlands-and-sweden
#7
Reni M A van Erp, Jetse Jelsma, Ivan P J Huijnen, Mari Lundberg, Paul C Willems, Rob J E M Smeets
STUDY DESIGN: A cross-sectional survey in the Netherlands and Sweden. OBJECTIVE: To investigate Dutch and Swedish spinal surgeons' opinions on spinal fusion pre- and postoperative rehabilitation. SUMMARY OF BACKGROUND DATA: Lumbar spinal fusion surgery is increasingly provided in patients with chronic low back pain. No guidelines however exist for pre- and postoperative rehabilitation and it is unknown what opinions spinal surgeons currently have about pre- and postoperative rehabilitation...
September 6, 2017: Spine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28877807/independent-preoperative-predictors-of-prolonged-length-of-stay-after-laparoscopic-appendectomy-in-patients-over-30-years-of-age-experience-from-a-single-institution
#8
Eric S Wise, Stephen P Gadomski, Annette M Ilg, Camilo Bermudez, Emily W Chan, Michelle L Izmaylov, Samantha J Gridley, Jessica V Kaczmarek, Sir Norman T Melancon, Sarwat Ahmad, Kyle M Hocking, Jose J Diaz, Stephen M Kavic
Prompt discharge after laparoscopic appendectomy (LA) is a marker of quality of care, fiscally desirable and feasible in select patients. Patients over 30 comprise a more heterogeneous cohort known to experience worse outcomes after LA. We aimed to identify easily available preoperative risk factors portending a postoperative length of stay ≥2 days among patients above age 30. In this investigation, 296 included patients from a single institution who underwent LA for acute appendicitis from 2010 to 2014 were retrospectively reviewed for preoperative demographics, laboratory studies, comorbidities, presentation characteristics, radiographic finding, and other rationally selected factors for association with postoperative length of stay ≥2 days...
November 1, 2016: American Surgeon
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28876678/a-third-of-patients-treated-at-a-tertiary-level-surgical-service-could-be-treated-at-a-secondary-level-facility
#9
S K Van Straten, C J Stannard, J Bulabula, K Paul, J Leong, M Klipin
BACKGROUND: South Africa has an overburdened public healthcare system. Some admissions to Charlotte Maxeke Johannesburg Academic Hospital (CMJAH) may not require tertiary care. The numbers and details thereof are uncertain. Clinical research is limited by skills and access to data. METHOD: A retrospective analysis of Electronic Discharge (ED) summaries from the Department of Surgery at CMJAH between 01 April 2015 and 01 April 2016. An SQL-query of the database generated a ...
June 2017: South African Journal of Surgery. Suid-Afrikaanse Tydskrif Vir Chirurgie
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28876577/surgical-burden-of-disease-at-a-regional-hospital-in-south-africa
#10
O Swart, J Pape, R Duvenage
BACKGROUND: There is limited published data describing the nature of surgical admissions at a regional level in the South African context. Worcester Hospital General Surgery has introduced an electronic online database to manage its surgical services. This study uses that database to evaluate the surgical burden of disease for the Cape Winelands East and Overberg districts of the Western Cape. METHOD: Admissions data were prospectively captured from February 2012 to January 2016, then retrospectively reviewed and classified into 5 types: (1) elective surgery/investigations (ESI); (2) trauma; (3) burns; (4) non-traumatic surgical emergencies (NTSE); (5) unplanned readmission within 30 days...
September 2017: South African Journal of Surgery. Suid-Afrikaanse Tydskrif Vir Chirurgie
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28875889/a-third-of-patients-treated-at-a-tertiary-level-surgical-service-could-be-treated-at-a-secondary-level-facility
#11
S Van Straten, C Stannard, J Bulabula, K Boodhia, K Paul, J Leong, M J Klipin
BACKGROUND: South Africa (SA) has an overburdened public healthcare system. Some patients admitted to Charlotte Maxeke Johannesburg Academic Hospital (CMJAH), SA, may not require tertiary care, but the numbers and details are uncertain. Clinical research in SA is limited by scarce skills and limited access to data. OBJECTIVE: To determine the proportion of and length of stay for secondary-, tertiary- and quaternary-level patients discharged from the Department of Surgery at CMJAH over 1 year...
August 25, 2017: South African Medical Journal, Suid-Afrikaanse Tydskrif Vir Geneeskunde
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28870380/active-learning-reduces-annotation-time-for-clinical-concept-extraction
#12
Mahnoosh Kholghi, Laurianne Sitbon, Guido Zuccon, Anthony Nguyen
OBJECTIVE: To investigate: (1) the annotation time savings by various active learning query strategies compared to supervised learning and a random sampling baseline, and (2) the benefits of active learning-assisted pre-annotations in accelerating the manual annotation process compared to de novo annotation. MATERIALS AND METHODS: There are 73 and 120 discharge summary reports provided by Beth Israel institute in the train and test sets of the concept extraction task in the i2b2/VA 2010 challenge, respectively...
October 2017: International Journal of Medical Informatics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28870188/assessing-the-impact-of-the-introduction-of-an-electronic-hospital-discharge-system-on-the-completeness-and-timeliness-of-discharge-communication-a-before-and-after-study
#13
Rajnikant L Mehta, Bryn Baxendale, Katie Roth, Victoria Caswell, Ivan Le Jeune, Jack Hawkins, Haya Zedan, Anthony J Avery
BACKGROUND: Hospital discharge summaries are a key communication tool ensuring continuity of care between primary and secondary care. Incomplete or untimely communication of information increases risk of hospital readmission and associated complications. The aim of this study was to evaluate whether the introduction of a new electronic discharge system (NewEDS) was associated with improvements in the completeness and timeliness of discharge information, in Nottingham University Hospitals NHS Trust, England...
September 5, 2017: BMC Health Services Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28857794/reductions-in-average-lengths-of-stays-for-surgical-procedures-between-the-2008-and-2014-united-states-national-inpatient-samples-were-not-associated-with-greater-incidences-of-use-of-postacute-care-facilities
#14
Franklin Dexter, Richard H Epstein
BACKGROUND: Diagnosis-related group (DRG) based reimbursement creates incentives for reduction in hospital length of stay (LOS). Such reductions might be accomplished by lesser incidences of discharges to home. However, we previously reported that, while controlling for DRG, each 1-day decrease in hospital median LOS was associated with lesser odds of transfer to a postacute care facility (P = .0008). The result, though, was limited to elective admissions, 15 common surgical DRGs, and the 2013 US National Readmission Database...
August 29, 2017: Anesthesia and Analgesia
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28856665/discharge-plans-for-geriatric-inpatients-with-delirium-a-plan-to-stop-antipsychotics
#15
Kim G Johnson, Adedayo Fashoyin, Ramiro Madden-Fuentes, Andrew J Muzyk, Jane P Gagliardi, Mamata Yanamadala
BACKGROUND: Studies show inpatient geriatric patients with reversible conditions like delirium may continue on antipsychotic medications without clear indications after hospital discharge. We conducted this study to determine how often geriatric patients were discharged on a newly started antipsychotic during admission with a plan for discontinuation of the antipsychotic documented in the discharge summary. DESIGN: We conducted retrospective chart review identifying geriatric inpatients in our health system started on a new antipsychotic during admission...
August 30, 2017: Journal of the American Geriatrics Society
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28852529/evaluating-insulin-information-provided-on-discharge-summaries-in-a-secondary-care-hospital-in-the-united-kingdom
#16
Amie Bain, Lois Nettleship, Sallianne Kavanagh, Zaheer-Ud-Din Babar
BACKGROUND: Prescribing errors at the time of hospital discharge are common and could potentially lead to avoidable patient harm, especially when they involve insulin, a high-risk medicine widely used for the treatment of diabetes mellitus. When information regarding insulin therapy is not sufficiently communicated to a patient's primary care provider, continuity of care for patients with diabetes may be compromised. The objectives of this study were to investigate the nature and prevalence of insulin-related medication discrepancies contained in hospital discharge summaries for patients with diabetes...
2017: Journal of Pharmaceutical Policy and Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28838352/syndromic-management-of-sexually-transmissible-infections-in-resource-poor-settings-a-systematic-review-with-meta-analysis-of-the-abnormal-vaginal-discharge-flowchart-for-neisseria-gonorrhoea-and-chlamydia-trachomatis
#17
Caroline van Gemert, Margaret Hellard, Catriona S Bradshaw, Freya J I Fowkes, Paul A Agius, Mark Stoove, Catherine M Bennett
Background: Syndromic management of sexually transmissible infections is commonly used in resource-poor settings for the management of common STIs; abnormal vaginal discharge (AVD) flowcharts are used to identify and treat cervical infection including Neisseria gonorrhoea and Chlamydia trachomatis. A systematic review and meta-analysis was undertaken to measure the diagnostic test performance of AVD flowcharts, including both World Health Organization (WHO)- and locally-adapted AVD flowcharts. Methods: A systematic search of multiple electronic databases was conducted to locate eligible studies published between 1991 and 2014...
August 25, 2017: Sexual Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28837555/spread-of-hospital-acquired-infections-a-comparison-of-healthcare-networks
#18
Narimane Nekkab, Pascal Astagneau, Laura Temime, Pascal Crépey
Hospital-acquired infections (HAIs), including emerging multi-drug resistant organisms, threaten healthcare systems worldwide. Efficient containment measures of HAIs must mobilize the entire healthcare network. Thus, to best understand how to reduce the potential scale of HAI epidemic spread, we explore patient transfer patterns in the French healthcare system. Using an exhaustive database of all hospital discharge summaries in France in 2014, we construct and analyze three patient networks based on the following: transfers of patients with HAI (HAI-specific network); patients with suspected HAI (suspected-HAI network); and all patients (general network)...
August 2017: PLoS Computational Biology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28835194/inequities-in-access-to-inpatient-rehabilitation-after-stroke-an-international-scoping-review
#19
Elizabeth A Lynch, Dominique A Cadilhac, Julie A Luker, Susan L Hillier
Background Inequities in accessing inpatient rehabilitation after stroke have been reported in many countries and impact on patient outcomes. Objective To explore variation in international recommendations regarding which patients should receive inpatient rehabilitation after stroke and to describe reported access to rehabilitation. Methods A scoping review was conducted to identify clinical guidelines with recommendations regarding which patients should access inpatient rehabilitation after stroke, and data regarding the proportion of patients accessing stroke rehabilitation...
August 23, 2017: Topics in Stroke Rehabilitation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28832920/effect-of-new-oral-anticoagulants-on-prescribing-practices-for-atrial-fibrillation-in-older-adults
#20
Raymond B Fohtung, Eric Novak, Michael W Rich
OBJECTIVES: To determine the effect of new oral anticoagulants (NOACs) on prescribing practices in older adults with atrial fibrillation (AF). DESIGN: Retrospective observational cohort study. SETTING: Academic medical center in St. Louis, Missouri. PARTICIPANTS: Individuals aged 75 and older with AF admitted to the hospital from October 2010 through September 2015 (N = 6,568, 50% female, 15% non-white). MEASUREMENTS: Information on NOACs and warfarin prescribed at discharge was obtained from hospital discharge summaries, and linear regression was used to examine quarterly trends in their use...
August 21, 2017: Journal of the American Geriatrics Society
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