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S Shanmugam
PURPOSE: In this innovative work we have developed Gynecological Brachytherapy shielding & Non Shielding Applicators and compared with the commercially available applicators by using the indigenously developed 3D Printing machine. METHODS: We have successfully indigenously developed the 3D printing machine. Which contain the 3 dimensional motion platform, Heater unit, base plate, ect… To fabricate the Gynecological Brachytherapy shielding & non shielding applicators the 3D design were developed in the computer as virtual design...
June 2016: Medical Physics
Esther van der Heijden, Alberto D Lopes, Andrew Bryant, Ruud Bekkers, Khadra Galaal
BACKGROUND: Development of cancer of the cervix is a multi-step process as before cervical cancer develops, cervical cells undergo changes and become abnormal. These abnormalities are called cervical intraepithelial neoplasia (CIN) and are associated with increased risk of subsequent invasive cancer of the cervix. Oncogenic high-risk human papillomavirus (hrHPV), the causative agent of cervical cancer and its precursor lesions, is present in up to one-third of women following large loop excision of the transformation zone (LLETZ) treatment and is associated with increased risk of residual disease and disease recurrence...
January 6, 2015: Cochrane Database of Systematic Reviews
Stefania Rizzo, Giuseppina Calareso, Sara Maccagnoni, Salvatore Alessio Angileri, Fabio Landoni, Sara Raimondi, Elena Pasquali, Roberta Lazzari, Massimo Bellomi
OBJECTIVES: This study compared the MR measurement of minimum uninvolved cervical stroma and maximum stromal invasion, and the detection of positive lymph nodes with the pathological results. In addition, tumour type and grade were correlated with nodal status and apparent diffusion coefficient (ADC) values. METHODS: Patients who underwent surgery and MR at our centre for early stage cervical cancer (FIGO IA1-IIB) were included. Data recorded included: age, date of MR, clinical FIGO (International Federation of Gynacology and Obstetrics) stage, histological type and grade, adjuvant therapy, pre-surgical conisation...
May 2014: European Journal of Radiology
Jean-Christophe Noël, Charles Chapron, Dario Bucella, Frederic Buxant, Marie-Odile Peny, Isabelle Fayt, Bruno Borghese, Vincent Anaf
OBJECTIVE: To analyze the expression of estrogen (ER) and progesterone (PR) receptors in the smooth muscle component (SMC) of deep infiltrating endometriosis (DIE). DESIGN: A prospective clinical and pathologic study of 60 cases of DIE. SETTING: University Hospital Department of Gynacology. PATIENT(S): Sixty patients with symptomatic DIE (uterosacral endometriosis n = 14; bladder endometriosis n = 10; colonic endometriosis n = 16; rectovaginal endometriosis n = 20)...
April 2010: Fertility and Sterility
R L Bergmann, K E Bergmann, S Schumann, R Richter, J W Dudenhausen
UNLABELLED: Knowledge of the risks of smoking during pregnancy induces only part of the pregnant women to give up smoking. How many pregnant women in Germany smoke from the beginning to delivery, and what characterises these smokers, is the topic of this article. METHODS: Results from the German Mikrozensus, several national surveys, perinatal statistics and Euro-scip III are presented, compared, and assessed. Findings of our own studies conducted between 1999 and 2002 at the obstetric department and gynacological practices in Berlin allow an insight into the magnitude of "underreporting"...
June 2008: Zeitschrift Für Geburtshilfe und Neonatologie
Susan M McFaul
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
April 2006: Journal of Obstetrics and Gynaecology Canada: JOGC, Journal D'obstétrique et Gynécologie du Canada: JOGC
E P Gharoro, S I Adeyemo
BACKGROUND: There is yet no formula to predict the expected date of death, however this information may be invaluable to the terminally ill, care givers, friends and family members to write the will, arrange for end-of-life care, settle disputes, and to make plans for burial ceremonies. OBJECTIVE: The study is an audit of all deaths in the gynaecological wards to determine the causes of death and highlight the care option for the terminally ill patient. STUDY METHODS: The admission ward registers and the duplicate copies of issued death certificates between 1986-2000 were studied...
March 2004: Nigerian Postgraduate Medical Journal
Georgiana S M Chin, Robert Heng, Deborah E Neesham, Rodney W Petersen
BACKGROUND: Small intestinal volvulus is a rare complication following Roux-en-Y anastomosis. CASE REPORT: A 63-year-old woman was diagnosed with small intestinal volvulus following laparotomy for clear cell carcinoma of the endometrium. Her past medical history included a total gastrectomy and antecolic Roux-en-Y anastomosis for Duke's B gastric carcinoma. Operative findings were of transmesenteric herniation of the ileum through the Roux-en-Y small intestinal mesenteric window, with metastatic deposits fixing the hernia at its base to create a volvulus...
December 2002: Gynecologic Oncology
E A Balbo
This study analizes differents gynacological treatments of mental illnesses throughout the 19th century. The autor reaches the conclusion, via the professional activity of the English surgeon Isaac Baker Brown, that these gynological treaments were really the result of the confluence of a series of factors: the development of the insanity reflex theory, the consideration of Woman as the pathological prisioner of her genitality, the pessimistic vision of mental illness based on the theory of degeneration, the lack of therapeutic resources in mental medicine and, finally, the marked competition of Victorian doctors amongst themselves and also their profit motive, disguised and hidden under the welcoming cloak of a hypocritical medical morale...
1993: Cuadernos Complutenses de Historia de la Medicina y de la Ciencia
J Xu, T Cheung, S T Chan, P Ho, W S Yeung
OBJECTIVE: To investigate the relationship between cytoplasmic fragmentation and caspase activity in the mouse embryo. DESIGN: Experimental laboratory study. SETTING: University gynacology unit. ANIMAL(S): One-cell zygote of mouse (MF1 x BALB/c). INTERVENTION(S): Mouse embryos were treated with caspase inhibitors: benzyloxycarbonyl-Val-Ala-Asp fluoromethylketone (z-VAD-fmk) and benzyloxycarbonyl-Asp-glu-Val-Asp-fluoromethyl ketone (Z-DEVD-fmk)...
May 2001: Fertility and Sterility
V Costa, A Canfora, M Pollastro, M Giannoni
The clinical behaviour and post-operative course of 60 patients who had undergone obstetrics or gynaecological surgery is compared. In 30 cases (20 obstetric and 10 gynaecological), antibiotic prophylaxis took the form of a single i.m. injection of 600 mg of lincomycin and 80 mg of gentamycin, 30 minutes before the operation. In the remaining 30 cases (20 obstetric, 10 gynacological), the antibiotic cover was administered postoperatively by i.v. injection of doxicyclin (100 mg every 12 hours for 3 days and 100 mg every 12 hours per os for a further 2 days)...
February 25, 1983: Minerva Medica
A L Schmidt, A P Christiaans
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
December 1966: Nederlandsch Tijdschrift Voor Verloskunde en Gynaecologie
F Vytrhlík, F Kopecek, B Bĕhal
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
September 1978: Ceskoslovenská Gynekologie
G Dellas, P Korneli, E Swora
Commonly with all special surgical branches of sciences from a medical university-sphere the hospital for gynäcology and obstetrics from the university will be placed in a "surgical orientated centre". The process--structure is underlieing the project for such a centre (summary from equal activities with equal claims to buildings, fitting and out hygiene). The singular spheres from the hospital of gynäcology and obstetrics will be coordinated to the equivalent central functional spheres of the "surgical orientated centre"...
1978: Zentralblatt Für Gynäkologie
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