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Katsuki Muneoka, Yoshio Shirai, Masataka Sasaki, Jun Sakata, Junkichi Kanda, Hiroyuki Wakabayashi, Toshifumi Wakai
AIM: The impact of neutrophil-to-lymphocyte ratio(NLR)changes on the outcome of chemotherapy for metastatic colorectalcancer (mCRC)was analyzed retrospectively. METHODOLOGY: Twenty seven patients with unresectable mCRC were administered chemotherapy from January 2005 to December 2014 at the Niitsu Medical Center Hospital. The NLR was calculated from complete blood counts obtained prior to the administration of chemotherapy and at the best response. We defined the period with NLR≤2...
April 2017: Gan to Kagaku Ryoho. Cancer & Chemotherapy
Fabian Straulino, Axel Eickhoff
Colonscopy is the examination of choice for the diagnostic of colorectal disease. Since 2002 it is part of the prevention programm for colorectalcancer in Germany. If you are aware of a few contraindications like acute bowel inflammation or respiratory insufficiency, the diagnostic colonoscopy is a safe procedure. Besides the experience of the examiner the bowel preparation is essential for the quality of the examination. If there are no contraindications the examination should be performed under sedation. To reach the coecum the beginner often needs to exercise patience but with sufficent anatomic background and some technically maneuver it can be done in most cases...
April 2016: Deutsche Medizinische Wochenschrift
Keisuke Inoue, Fumiaki Sugiura, Akihiro Kogita, Yasumasa Yoshioka, Yasushi Sukegawa, Jinichi Hida, Kiyotaka Okuno
We conducted a clinical trial of a seven-peptide vaccine in combination with tegafur-uracil/Leucovorin for advanced colorectal cancer. These antigenic peptides were derived from 5 proteins identified as cancer-testis antigens(ring finger protein 43 [RNF43], translocase of outer mitochondrial membrane 34[TOMM34], maternal embryonic leucine zipper kinase[MELK], forkhead box M1[FOXM1], and holliday junction recognition protein[HJURP])and 2 vascular endothelial growth factor receptors(VEGFR1 and VEGFR2). Thirty patients with advanced colorectal cancer were enrolled...
October 2014: Gan to Kagaku Ryoho. Cancer & Chemotherapy
Maryam Akhavan Tabasi, Massoud Amanlou, Seyed Davar Siadat, Zahra Nourmohammadi, Farnoor Davachi Omoomi, Seyed Esmaeil Sadat Ebrahimi, Mohammad Reza Aghasadeghi, Pooneh Rahimi, Sahar Pourhosseini, Bita Mehravi, Mehdi Shafiee Ardestani
Cancer is one of the most fatal diseases in the world and it has been years that finding new drugs and chemotherapeutic techniques with lowest side effects become one of the most important challenging matters needs really hard efforts. Chlorambucil (CBL), an ancient direct-acting alkylating anticancer agent, is commonly used for initial treatment of some kinds of cancers but the use of CBL is often limited because of the unpleasant side effects due to its lack of specificity for targeting cancer cells. In this research we tried to increase the specificity of CBL by producing a novel conjugate by using glutamine amino acid (Glut)...
November 2013: Anti-cancer Agents in Medicinal Chemistry
Akira Tsunoda, Kentaro Nakao, Makoto Watanabe
NSABP C-06 study showed that an oralUFT /Leucovorin(LV)regimen proved to be equivalent to an infusional 5-fluorouracil/LV regimen in an adjuvant setting for colorectalcancer. Thus, the oralregimen has been approved as the treatment of choice in Japan, but compliance of the regimen for Japanese patients has scarcely been reported. We assessed the compliance of oralUFT /LV adjuvant chemotherapy(5 cycles, 25weeks)in 99 consecutive colorectal cancer patients undergoing curative resection. Eighty-two percent(81 of 99)received all scheduled doses of UFT plus LV for five cycles...
June 2010: Gan to Kagaku Ryoho. Cancer & Chemotherapy
Atushi Sato, Ken Shimada, Susumu Taguchi
Until recently, few chemotherapy options were available to treat metastatic colorectalcancer. For years, the standard chemotherapy has been a Fluorouracil (5-FU) alone of 5-FU with leucovorin (LV) modulation. The newer cytotoxic drugs irinotecan (CPT-11) and oxaliplatin (L-OHP) has generated further improvement in survival. Additionally, improvement in convenience of drug administration has been achieved with the development of oral fluoropynmidines. In randomized trials, oral fluoropyrimidines were equally effective to bolus 5-FU and LV...
September 2003: Gan to Kagaku Ryoho. Cancer & Chemotherapy
Hong M Moulton, Paul H Yoshihara, David H Mason, Patrick L Iversen, Pierre L Triozzi
PURPOSE: Human chorionic gonadotropin (hCG) is produced by colorectalcancers and may play a role in its progression. The clinical and immunological effects of a synthetic vaccine targeting beta-hCG composed of the COOH terminal peptide of beta-hCG (CTP37) conjugated to diphtheria toxoid (DT) was investigated in patients with metastatic colorectal cancer. EXPERIMENTAL DESIGN: Seventy-seven patients from 12 centers were randomly divided into two vaccine dose groups...
July 2002: Clinical Cancer Research: An Official Journal of the American Association for Cancer Research
V J Bubb, L J Curtis, C Cunningham, M G Dunlop, A D Carothers, R G Morris, S White, C C Bird, A H Wyllie
Microsatellite instability (MSI) occurs in most tumours from patients with hereditary non-polyposis colorectal cancer (HNPCC) and in around 17% of sporadic colorectal cancers. Germline defects in mismatch repair (MMR) genes are responsible for the majority of large HNPCC families, with hMSH2 accounting for at least 50%. MMR gene defects also occur in a small proportion of sporadic colorectal tumours with MSI. Here we report a systematic analysis of mismatch repair deficiency in 215 Scottish patients with sporadic colorectal tumours...
June 20, 1996: Oncogene
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