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respiratory distress newborn

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29739452/-elective-caesarean-section-at-38-39-weeks-gestation-compared-to-39-weeks-on-neonatal-outcomes-a-prospective-cohort-study
#1
Reihaneh Pirjani, Motahareh Afrakhteh, Mahdi Sepidarkish, Shahin Nariman, Mahboobeh Shirazi, Ashraf Moini, Ladan Hosseini
BACKGROUND: This study was conducted to compare neonatal complications in scheduled cesarean sections (CS) between 38 and 39 gestational weeks with CS performed after 39 gestational weeks in Iranian low -risk pregnant women. METHODS: In this cohort study, 2086 patients were enrolled based on the inclusion and exclusion criteria. The neonates were evaluated in terms of the following items: transient tachypnea of the newborn (TTN), respiratory distress syndrome (RDS), sepsis, need for NICU hospitalization, birth weight, birth height, head circumference, and the first minute and fifth minute Apgar score...
May 8, 2018: BMC Pregnancy and Childbirth
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29734941/infective-endocarditis-due-to-burkholderia-cepacia-in-a-neonate-a-case-report
#2
Emir Yonas, Vito Damay, Raymond Pranata, Nuvi Nusarintowati
BACKGROUND: Burkholderia is a pathogen that is rarely seen in clinical cases. However, this organism is being found more commonly in hospitals. CASE PRESENTATION: A female Indonesian newborn was referred to our neonatal intensive care unit because of respiratory distress. The newborn had been delivered the previous night via cesarean section. A physical examination revealed intercostal retractions and weak cry. The newborn's gestational history was preterm, small for gestational age, and preterm premature ruptured membrane for 14 hours...
May 8, 2018: Journal of Medical Case Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29719811/unusual-long-survival-despite-severe-lung-disease-of-a-child-with-biallelic-loss-of-function-mutations-in-abca-3
#3
P El Boustany, R Epaud, C Grosse, F Barriere, E Grimont-Rolland, A Carsin, J C Dubus
Homozygous or compound heterozygous for frameshift or nonsense mutations in the ATP-binding cassette transporter A3 (ABCA3) is associated with neonatal respiratory failure and death within the first year of life without lung transplantation. We report the case of a newborn baby girl who developed severe respiratory distress soon after birth. She was diagnosed with compound heterozygous frameshift mutation of the ABCA3 gene. Despite extensive treatment (intravenous corticosteroids pulse therapy, oral corticosteroids, azithromycin, and hydroxychloroquine), she developed chronic respiratory failure...
2018: Respiratory Medicine Case Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29702992/gender-related-efficacy-of-pulmonary-surfactant-in-infants-with-respiratory-distress-syndrome-a-strobe-compliant-study
#4
Chen Chen, Tian Tian, Li Liu, Juan Zhang, Huiling Fu
Whether gender influences the efficacy of exogenous pulmonary surfactant (PS) for replacement therapy in newborns with respiratory distress syndrome (RDS) has not been well studied yet.Retrospective cohort study design. Data on PS therapy including blood gas, oxygenation function parameters, and therapy results were collected and analyzed from 370 infants diagnosed with RDS in 20 hospitals of the Northwest China Neonatal Collaboration from January 2011 to December 2011.Female infants were more sensitive to PS treatment than males...
April 2018: Medicine (Baltimore)
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29686950/neonatal-outcomes-following-delivery-in-water-evaluation-of-safety-in-a-district-general-hospital
#5
Phil J Peacock, Stanley T Zengeya, Lesley Cochrane, Maxine Sleath
Introduction Giving birth in water has increased in popularity over recent years, with potential benefits in terms of maternal comfort and decreased rates of instrumental delivery. Some concerns have been raised about possible adverse neonatal outcomes, including hypothermia and respiratory distress. There is not currently, however, a clear consensus in the literature. This study sought to assess the safety of delivering in water for low-risk vaginal deliveries in a District General Hospital in the United Kingdom...
February 20, 2018: Curēus
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29611314/a-ventilated-newborn-with-respiratory-distress-abdominal-distension-and-scrotal-swelling
#6
(no author information available yet)
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
April 2018: Journal of Paediatrics and Child Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29611312/a-ventilated-newborn-with-respiratory-distress-abdominal-distension-and-scrotal-swelling
#7
Xenophon Sinopidis, Sotirios Fouzas, Gabriel Dimitriou, Ageliki Karatza
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
April 2018: Journal of Paediatrics and Child Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29593062/novel-selective-medium-for-the-isolation-of-corynebacterium-kroppenstedtii-from-heavily-colonised-clinical-specimens
#8
Sally Cheuk Ying Wong, Rosana W S Poon, Chuen-Hing Foo, Antonio H Y Ngan, Herman Tse, Vivian C M Lam, Tiffany H Y Leung, Chun-Pong Wong, Vincent C C Cheng, Jonathan H K Chen, Kwok-Yung Yuen
AIMS: Granulomatous mastitis due to Corynebacterium kroppenstedtii is an increasingly recognised cause of an indolent and distressing mastitis in non-lactating females. This slow-growing lipophilic organism is not reliably isolated using routine culture methods. A novel selective culture medium (CKSM) is designed to optimise the isolation of this organism from clinical specimens. METHODS: CKSM contains 10% galactose and Tween 80 (10%) to enhance the growth of C...
March 28, 2018: Journal of Clinical Pathology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29576209/-intervention-and-role-of-the-paediatrician-in-the-delivery-room
#9
Yohan Sorèze
Some newborns require the presence of a paediatrician in the delivery room, for emergency care. This generally leads to hospitalisation in neonatal intensive care or neonatology. Prematurity and respiratory distress are the main causes. These unexpected situations are a source of anxiety for the parents. It is essential that the multidisciplinary team draws on both its technical and relational expertise, in order to provide optimal treatment to the infant while supporting the parents with the necessary empathy...
March 2018: Soins. Pédiatrie, Puériculture
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29572587/neonatal-abstinence-syndrome-nas-in-southwestern-border-states-examining-trends-population-correlates-and-implications-for-policy
#10
Khaleel S Hussaini, Luigi F Garcia Saavedra
Introduction Neonatal abstinence syndrome (NAS) is withdrawal syndrome in newborns following birth and is primarily caused by maternal drug use during pregnancy. This study examines trends, population correlates, and policy implications of NAS in two Southwest border states. Materials and Methods A cross-sectional analysis of Hospital Inpatient Discharge Data (HIDD) was utilized to examine the incidence of NAS in the Southwest border states of Arizona (AZ) and New Mexico (NM). All inpatient hospital births in AZ and NM from January 1, 2008 through December 31, 2013 with ICD9-CM codes for NAS (779...
March 23, 2018: Maternal and Child Health Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29541430/the-effect-of-inhaled-budesonide-on-the-prevention-of-chronic-lung-disease-in-premature-neonates-with-respiratory-distress-syndrome
#11
Alireza Sadeghnia, Behzad Koorang Beheshti, Majid Mohammadizadeh
Background: Considering all the latest achievements in neonatal respiratory care, bronchopulmonary dysplasia (BPD) is still among the most prevalent morbidity causes in premature infants. Involvement in this process results in longer period of hospitalization for the newborn and in the long run makes the living conditions more difficult. Taking the multifactorial pathogenesis into account, approaches to tackle chronic lung disease (CLD) are mainly focused on interventions and prevention procedures...
2018: International Journal of Preventive Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29538265/late-onset-vitamin-k-deficiency-presenting-as-scrotal-bruising-and-mediastinal-mass
#12
Lauren A Bruns, Sarah Isbey, Melisa Tanverdi, Ian Kane
Although there are several reports of intracranial hemorrhage associated with vitamin K deficient bleeding, there are few reported cases of extracranial manifestations, specifically involving the thymus. Here, we discuss the unique case of a 4-week-old infant presenting with scrotal discoloration, respiratory distress, and widened mediastinum, found to have thymic hemorrhage related to confirmed coagulopathy secondary to late-onset vitamin K deficiency bleeding of the newborn.
March 12, 2018: Pediatric Emergency Care
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29531432/a-step-toward-healthy-newborn-an-assessment-of-2-years-admission-pattern-and-treatment-outcomes-of-neonates-admitted-in-special-newborn-care-units-of-gujarat
#13
Harsh Dilipkumar Shah, Bonny Shah, Paresh V Dave, Janak B Katariya, Khyati P Vats
Context: Facility Based Newborn Care (FBNC) is a key strategy to improve child survival, especially in newborn care where neonatal mortality rate (NMR) is stagnant in declining. Gujarat has achieved considerable amount of reduction in child deaths, but neonatal health requires attention. The study was aimed to assess the admission pattern of Special Newborn Care Units (SNCUs) which supports decision-making. Settings and Design: A cross-sectional descriptive analysis was done from secondary data of the SNCU reports on the aspects of admission patterns, morbidity, and mortality pattern...
January 2018: Indian Journal of Community Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29514813/evaluation-of-try-an-algorithm-for-neonatal-continuous-positive-airways-pressure-in-low-income-settings
#14
Caroline Crehan, Tim Colbourn, Michelle Heys, Elizabeth Molyneux
BACKGROUND: Non-invasive respiratory support using bubble continuous positive airway pressure (bCPAP) is useful in treating babies with respiratory distress syndrome. Despite its proven clinical and cost-effectiveness, implementation is hampered by the inappropriate administration of bCPAP in low-resource settings. A clinical algorithm-'TRY' (based on Tone: good; Respiratory distress; Yes, heart rate above 100 beats/min)-has been developed to correctly identify which newborns would benefit most from bCPAP in a teaching hospital in Malawi...
March 7, 2018: Archives of Disease in Childhood
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29469202/bilateral-pulmonary-thrombosis-in-a-newborn-with-congenital-nephrotic-syndrome
#15
Julie Dufau, Jean-Michel Roué, Stéphane Rioualen
In the neonatal period, pulmonary thromboembolic episodes are rare and unknown events. Case of a preterm newborn who presented a bilateral thrombosis of the pulmonary arteries associated with a congenital nephrotic syndrome. Pediatricians should consider pulmonary thromboembolic episodes in cases of newborns with unexplained severe and hypoxic respiratory distress syndrome.
May 2018: Pediatric Pulmonology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29459604/immediate-outcome-of-preterm-neonates-with-respiratory-distress-syndrome-required-mechanical-ventilation
#16
M A Mannan, M A Hossain, J Nasim, Y Sabina, F Navila, D Subir
Since its inception, the neonatal mechanical ventilator has been considered an essential tool for managing preterm neonates with Respiratory Distress Syndrome (RDS) and is still regarded as an integral component in the neonatal respiratory care continuum. Mechanical ventilation of newborn has been practiced for several years with several advances made in the way. This clinical intervention study was done to analyze immediate outcome of preterm neonates with RDS required mechanical ventilation and conducted on preterm neonates with RDS required mechanical ventilation from July 2014 to June 2015...
January 2018: Mymensingh Medical Journal: MMJ
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29456211/risk-factors-associated-with-acute-kidney-injury-in-newborns
#17
Emad E Ghobrial, Salma Z Elhouchi, Sarah S Eltatawy, Lilian O Beshara
Acute kidney injury (AKI) in the newborn is a common problem in the neonatal intensive care unit with many underlying factors such as asphyxia, respiratory distress syndrome (RDS), and urogenital anomalies. The aim of this study is to highlight possible risk factors and profile of neonates developing AKI in the Neonatal Intensive Care Unit (NICU) of Cairo University Pediatric Hospital. The study was carried out on 90 neonates (30 patients and 60 controls), among neonates admitted to NICU. The study was done over two months, from January 2015 to March 2015...
January 2018: Saudi Journal of Kidney Diseases and Transplantation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29444139/post-discharge-body-weight-and-neurodevelopmental-outcomes-among-very-low-birth-weight-infants-in-taiwan-a-nationwide-cohort-study
#18
Chung-Ting Hsu, Chao-Huei Chen, Ming-Chih Lin, Teh-Ming Wang, Ya-Chi Hsu
BACKGROUND: Premature infants are at high risk for developmental delay and cognitive dysfunction. Besides medical conditions, growth restriction is regarded as an important risk factor for cognitive and neurodevelopmental dysfunction throughout childhood and adolescence and even into adulthood. In this study, we analyzed the relationship between post-discharge body weight and psychomotor development using a nationwide dataset. MATERIALS AND METHODS: This was a nationwide cohort study conducted in Taiwan...
2018: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29411327/gene-variants-of-the-phosphatidylcholine-synthesis-pathway-do-not-contribute-to-rds-in-the-chinese-population
#19
Yu-Jun Chen, Julia Meyer, Jennifer A Wambach, Kelcey DePass, Daniel J Wegner, Xin Fan, Qun-Yuan Zhang, Heins Hillary, F Sessions Cole, Aaron Hamvas
BACKGROUND: To determine population-based prevalence and disease contribution of phosphatidylcholine synthetic pathway-associated gene variants in a native southern Chinese cohort. METHODS: We used bloodspots from 2010 that were obtained from the Guangxi Neonatal Screening Center in Nannning China and included the Han (n = 443) and Zhuang (n = 313) ethnic groups. We sequenced the exons of cholinephosphate cytidylyltransferase (PCYT1B) lysophospholipid acyltransferase 1 (LPCAT1), and cholinephosphotransferase (CHPT1) genes, and analyzed both rare and common exonic variants...
February 2018: World Journal of Pediatrics: WJP
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29395110/recruitment-manoeuvres-in-anaesthesia-how-many-more-excuses-are-there-not-to-use-them
#20
J García-Fernández, A Romero, A Blanco, P Gonzalez, A Abad-Gurumeta, S D Bergese
Pulmonary recruitment manoeuvres (RM) are intended to reopen collapsed lung areas. RMs are present in nature as a physiological mechanism to get a newborn to open their lungs for the first time at birth, and we also use them, in our usual anaesthesiological clinical practice, after induction or during general anaesthesia when a patient is desaturated. However, there is much confusion in clinical practice regarding their safety, the best way to perform them, when to do them, in which patients they are indicated, and in those where they are totally contraindicated...
April 2018: Revista Española de Anestesiología y Reanimación
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