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respiratory distress newborn

Alireza Sadeghnia, Behzad Koorang Beheshti, Majid Mohammadizadeh
Background: Considering all the latest achievements in neonatal respiratory care, bronchopulmonary dysplasia (BPD) is still among the most prevalent morbidity causes in premature infants. Involvement in this process results in longer period of hospitalization for the newborn and in the long run makes the living conditions more difficult. Taking the multifactorial pathogenesis into account, approaches to tackle chronic lung disease (CLD) are mainly focused on interventions and prevention procedures...
2018: International Journal of Preventive Medicine
Lauren A Bruns, Sarah Isbey, Melisa Tanverdi, Ian Kane
Although there are several reports of intracranial hemorrhage associated with vitamin K deficient bleeding, there are few reported cases of extracranial manifestations, specifically involving the thymus. Here, we discuss the unique case of a 4-week-old infant presenting with scrotal discoloration, respiratory distress, and widened mediastinum, found to have thymic hemorrhage related to confirmed coagulopathy secondary to late-onset vitamin K deficiency bleeding of the newborn.
March 12, 2018: Pediatric Emergency Care
Harsh Dilipkumar Shah, Bonny Shah, Paresh V Dave, Janak B Katariya, Khyati P Vats
Context: Facility Based Newborn Care (FBNC) is a key strategy to improve child survival, especially in newborn care where neonatal mortality rate (NMR) is stagnant in declining. Gujarat has achieved considerable amount of reduction in child deaths, but neonatal health requires attention. The study was aimed to assess the admission pattern of Special Newborn Care Units (SNCUs) which supports decision-making. Settings and Design: A cross-sectional descriptive analysis was done from secondary data of the SNCU reports on the aspects of admission patterns, morbidity, and mortality pattern...
January 2018: Indian Journal of Community Medicine
Caroline Crehan, Tim Colbourn, Michelle Heys, Elizabeth Molyneux
BACKGROUND: Non-invasive respiratory support using bubble continuous positive airway pressure (bCPAP) is useful in treating babies with respiratory distress syndrome. Despite its proven clinical and cost-effectiveness, implementation is hampered by the inappropriate administration of bCPAP in low-resource settings. A clinical algorithm-'TRY' (based on Tone: good; Respiratory distress; Yes, heart rate above 100 beats/min)-has been developed to correctly identify which newborns would benefit most from bCPAP in a teaching hospital in Malawi...
March 7, 2018: Archives of Disease in Childhood
Julie Dufau, Jean-Michel Roué, Stéphane Rioualen
In the neonatal period, pulmonary thromboembolic episodes are rare and unknown events. Case of a preterm newborn who presented a bilateral thrombosis of the pulmonary arteries associated with a congenital nephrotic syndrome. Pediatricians should consider pulmonary thromboembolic episodes in cases of newborns with unexplained severe and hypoxic respiratory distress syndrome.
February 22, 2018: Pediatric Pulmonology
M A Mannan, M A Hossain, J Nasim, Y Sabina, F Navila, D Subir
Since its inception, the neonatal mechanical ventilator has been considered an essential tool for managing preterm neonates with Respiratory Distress Syndrome (RDS) and is still regarded as an integral component in the neonatal respiratory care continuum. Mechanical ventilation of newborn has been practiced for several years with several advances made in the way. This clinical intervention study was done to analyze immediate outcome of preterm neonates with RDS required mechanical ventilation and conducted on preterm neonates with RDS required mechanical ventilation from July 2014 to June 2015...
January 2018: Mymensingh Medical Journal: MMJ
Emad E Ghobrial, Salma Z Elhouchi, Sarah S Eltatawy, Lilian O Beshara
Acute kidney injury (AKI) in the newborn is a common problem in the neonatal intensive care unit with many underlying factors such as asphyxia, respiratory distress syndrome (RDS), and urogenital anomalies. The aim of this study is to highlight possible risk factors and profile of neonates developing AKI in the Neonatal Intensive Care Unit (NICU) of Cairo University Pediatric Hospital. The study was carried out on 90 neonates (30 patients and 60 controls), among neonates admitted to NICU. The study was done over two months, from January 2015 to March 2015...
January 2018: Saudi Journal of Kidney Diseases and Transplantation
Chung-Ting Hsu, Chao-Huei Chen, Ming-Chih Lin, Teh-Ming Wang, Ya-Chi Hsu
BACKGROUND: Premature infants are at high risk for developmental delay and cognitive dysfunction. Besides medical conditions, growth restriction is regarded as an important risk factor for cognitive and neurodevelopmental dysfunction throughout childhood and adolescence and even into adulthood. In this study, we analyzed the relationship between post-discharge body weight and psychomotor development using a nationwide dataset. MATERIALS AND METHODS: This was a nationwide cohort study conducted in Taiwan...
2018: PloS One
Yu-Jun Chen, Julia Meyer, Jennifer A Wambach, Kelcey DePass, Daniel J Wegner, Xin Fan, Qun-Yuan Zhang, Heins Hillary, F Sessions Cole, Aaron Hamvas
BACKGROUND: To determine population-based prevalence and disease contribution of phosphatidylcholine synthetic pathway-associated gene variants in a native southern Chinese cohort. METHODS: We used bloodspots from 2010 that were obtained from the Guangxi Neonatal Screening Center in Nannning China and included the Han (n = 443) and Zhuang (n = 313) ethnic groups. We sequenced the exons of cholinephosphate cytidylyltransferase (PCYT1B) lysophospholipid acyltransferase 1 (LPCAT1), and cholinephosphotransferase (CHPT1) genes, and analyzed both rare and common exonic variants...
February 6, 2018: World Journal of Pediatrics: WJP
J García-Fernández, A Romero, A Blanco, P Gonzalez, A Abad-Gurumeta, S D Bergese
Pulmonary recruitment manoeuvres (RM) are intended to reopen collapsed lung areas. RMs are present in nature as a physiological mechanism to get a newborn to open their lungs for the first time at birth, and we also use them, in our usual anaesthesiological clinical practice, after induction or during general anaesthesia when a patient is desaturated. However, there is much confusion in clinical practice regarding their safety, the best way to perform them, when to do them, in which patients they are indicated, and in those where they are totally contraindicated...
January 26, 2018: Revista Española de Anestesiología y Reanimación
Srinivas Murki, Jayesh Singh, Chiragkumar Khant, Swarup Kumar Dash, Tejo Pratap Oleti, Percy Joy, Nandkishor S Kabra
BACKGROUND: Nasal continuous positive airway pressure (nCPAP) is the standard noninvasive respiratory support for newborns with respiratory distress. Evidence for high-flow nasal cannula (HFNC) as an alternative mode of respiratory support is inconclusive. OBJECTIVE: The aim of this work was to evaluate whether HFNC is not inferior to nCPAP in reducing the need for higher respiratory support in the first 72 h of life when applied as a noninvasive respiratory support mode for preterm neonates with respiratory distress...
January 23, 2018: Neonatology
Michaël Sage, Mathieu Nadeau, Claudia Forand-Choinière, Julien Mousseau, Jonathan Vandamme, Claire Berger, Jean-Sébastien Tremblay-Roy, Renaud Tissier, Philippe Micheau, Étienne Fortin-Pellerin
BACKGROUND: Filling the lung with dense liquid perfluorocarbons during total liquid ventilation (TLV) might compress the myocardium, a plausible explanation for the instability occasionally reported with this technique. Our objective is to assess the impacts of TLV on the cardiovascular system, particularly left ventricular diastolic function, in an ovine model of neonatal respiratory distress syndrome. METHOD: Eight newborns lambs, 3.0 ± 0.4 days (3.2 ± 0.3kg) were used in this crossover experimental study...
2018: PloS One
Harpreet Matharoo, Mohammadhossein Dabaghi, Niels Rochow, Gerhard Fusch, Neda Saraei, Mohammed Tauhiduzzaman, Stephen Veldhuis, John Brash, Christoph Fusch, P Ravi Selvaganapathy
Respiratory distress syndrome (RDS) is one of the main causes of fatality in newborn infants, particularly in neonates with low birth-weight. Commercial extracorporeal oxygenators have been used for low-birth-weight neonates in neonatal intensive care units. However, these oxygenators require high blood volumes to prime. In the last decade, microfluidics oxygenators using enriched oxygen have been developed for this purpose. Some of these oxygenators use thin polydimethylsiloxane (PDMS) membranes to facilitate gas exchange between the blood flowing in the microchannels and the ambient air outside...
January 2018: Biomicrofluidics
Woo Jeng Kim, Young Sin Han, Hyun Sun Ko, In Yang Park, Jong Chul Shin, Jeong Ha Wie
Objective: This study investigated the effect of an antenatal corticosteroid (ACS) in preterm small-for-gestational-age (SGA) neonate. Methods: This study was a retrospective cohort study. We compared women who received ACS with unexposed controls and evaluated neonatal complications among those having a singleton SGA neonate born between 29 and 34 complete gestational weeks. The neonates born after 32 weeks of gestation were divided into subgroups. Multivariable logistic regression analysis was performed...
January 2018: Obstetrics & Gynecology Science
Vijaya Ontela, Gowri Dorairajan, Vishnu B Bhat, Palanivel Chinnakali
Objective: The objective of this article was to study the effect of antenatal dexamethasone on the respiratory morbidity of late preterm newborns. Study design: A randomized controlled trial, conducted in Obstetrics and Gynecology Department in collaboration with Neonatology department at JIPMER, India. In total, 155 women were studied in each group. Intention to treat analysis and per protocol analysis were done. Results: Overall 31 (10%) newborns were admitted to intensive care unit...
January 22, 2018: Journal of Tropical Pediatrics
Aimee Verner, Swati Agarwal-Sinha, Frank Yanfeng Han
BACKGROUND: Möbius syndrome is a rare congenital condition which presents not merely with 6th and 7th nerve palsies, but involves gaze paresis associated with craniofacial, limb, and other abnormalities. Heterogeneity is well known in patients with Möbius syndrome and rather than being of familial inheritance based on rare cases, it is much more recognized as a sporadic syndrome. We report an infant with features of congenital Möbius syndrome associated with cardiac rhabdomyomas in the absence of tuberous sclerosis...
January 16, 2018: Ophthalmic Genetics
Ozkan Ilhan, Yeliz Pekcevik, Sinem Akbay, Senem A Ozdemir, Seyma Memur, Berat Kanar, Ozgur Kirbiyik, Esra A Ozer
Solitary median maxillary central incisor syndrome is a rare disorder involving midline abnormalities such as holoprosencephaly, nasal cavity anomalies, cleft palate-lip, hypotelorism, microcephaly, and panhypopituitarism. Congenital nasal pyriform aperture stenosis is a lethal cause of neonatal respiratory distress due to narrowing of the pyriform aperture anteriorly and it can be confused with choanal atresia. In this report, we present a newborn infant with solitary median maxillary central incisor syndrome accompanied by other abnormalities including holoprosencephaly, nasal pyriform aperture stenosis, microcephaly and panhypopituitarism...
February 1, 2018: Archivos Argentinos de Pediatría
Juan C Lona Reyes, René O Pérez Ramírez, Leonardo Llamas Ramos, Larissa M Gómez Ruiz, Edith A Benítez Vázquez, Virginia Rodríguez Patino
INTRODUCTION: The increasing survival rate of preterm infants has altered the epidemiology of neonatal diseases; however, neonatal mortality is still the main component of child mortality. The objective of this study was to evaluate neonatal mortality and associated factors in newborn infants admitted to a neonatal care unit. MATERIAL AND METHODS: Prospective cohort study conducted between January 2016 and January 2017 at Hospital Civil de Guadalajara "Dr. Juan I...
February 1, 2018: Archivos Argentinos de Pediatría
Candice Torres de Melo Bezerra Cavalcante, Valdester Cavalcante Pinto Júnior, Ronald Guedes Pompeu, João Victor Cabral Correia Férrer, Marcelo Borges Cavalcante, Edward Araujo Júnior, Alberto Borges Peixoto, Klebia Magalhães Castello Branco
OBJECTIVE: To present a case of an early treatment of cardiac intraperitoneal teratoma (IPT) in a newborn and its associated systematic literature review. METHODS: We presented a case of a newborn with IPT but without hydrops and having a good perinatal outcome after cardiac surgery. Using the PubMed database, we conducted a systematic literature review of articles regarding cases with cardiac IPT diagnosed and treated in the neonatal period and published in English from 2004 onward...
January 10, 2018: Journal of Maternal-fetal & Neonatal Medicine
Carmen Rey-Santano, Victoria E Mielgo, Miguel Angel Gomez-Solaetxe, Francesca Ricci, Federico Bianco, Fabrizio Salomone, Begoña Loureiro, Jon López de Heredia Y Goya
BACKGROUND: Nasal continuous positive airway pressure (NCPAP) and nasal intermittent positive pressure ventilation (NIPPV), forms of non-invasive ventilation (NIV) for respiratory support, are increasingly being chosen as the initial treatment for neonates with surfactant (SF) deficiency. Our objective was to compare NCPAP with NIPPV with or without SF administration as a primary mode of ventilation. METHODS: Twenty-four newborn piglets with SF-deficient lung injury produced by repetitive bronchoalveolar lavages were randomly assigned to NCPAP or NIPPV, with or without SF administration (InSurE method)...
January 10, 2018: Pediatric Research
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