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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29156867/cross-cultural-adaptation-and-psychometric-assessment-of-the-turkish-version-of-the-vulnerability-to-abuse-screening-scale
#1
Güler Duru Aşiret, Gülcan Bağcıvan, Münevver Özcan, Beste Başak Eröksüz, Nalan Akbayrak, Nuran Akdemir
Background/aim: The aim of this study was to evaluate the reliability and validity of the Turkish version of the Vulnerability to Abuse Screening Scale (VASS). Materials and methods: This was a methodological study. The sample included 140 elderly individuals. Data were collected by using a questionnaire form, the VASS, and the Geriatric Depression Scale (GDS). The Cronbach alpha value was calculated and test?retest reliability was tested for the reliability analyses. Results: The Cronbach alpha value calculated for the VASS (12 items) was 0...
August 23, 2017: Turkish Journal of Medical Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29156752/early-and-late-effects-of-aspirin-and-naproxen-on-micrornas-in-the-lung-and-blood-of-mice-either-unexposed-or-exposed-to-cigarette-smoke
#2
Alberto Izzotti, Roumen Balansky, Gancho Ganchev, Marietta Iltcheva, Mariagrazia Longobardi, Alessandra Pulliero, Anna Camoirano, Francesco D'Agostini, Marta Geretto, Rosanna T Micale, Sebastiano La Maestra, Mark Steven Miller, Vernon E Steele, Silvio De Flora
We recently showed that nonsteroidal anti-inflammatory drugs (NSAIDs) are able to inhibit the lung tumors induced by cigarette smoke, either mainstream (MCS) or environmental (ECS), in female mice. We used subsets of mice to analyze the expression of 1135 microRNAs in both lung and blood serum, as related to the whole-body exposure to smoke and/or oral administration of either aspirin or naproxen. In a first study, we evaluated early microRNA alterations in A/J mice exposed to ECS for 10 weeks, starting at birth, and/or treated with NSAIDs for 6 weeks, starting after weaning...
October 17, 2017: Oncotarget
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29156692/increased-transcriptional-and-metabolic-capacity-for-lipid-metabolism-in-the-peripheral-zone-of-the-prostate-may-underpin-its-increased-susceptibility-to-cancer
#3
Omar Al Kadhi, Maria H Traka, Antonietta Melchini, Perla Troncoso-Rey, Wiktor Jurkowski, Marianne Defernez, Purnima Pachori, Robert D Mills, Richard Y Ball, Richard F Mithen
The human prostate gland comprises three distinct anatomical glandular zones, namely the peripheral, central and transitional zones. Although prostate cancer can arise throughout the prostate, it is more frequent in the peripheral zone. In contrast, hyperplasia occurs most frequently in the transitional zone. In this paper, we test the hypothesis that peripheral and transitional zones have distinct metabolic adaptations that may underlie their different inherent predispositions to cancer and hyperplasia. In order to do this, we undertook RNA sequencing and high-throughput metabolic analyses of non-cancerous tissue from the peripheral and transitional zones of patients undergoing prostatectomy...
October 17, 2017: Oncotarget
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29156567/the-role-of-infected-cell-proliferation-in-the-clearance-of-acute-hbv-infection-in-humans
#4
Ashish Goyal, Ruy M Ribeiro, Alan S Perelson
Around 90-95% of hepatitis B virus (HBV) infected adults do not progress to the chronic phase and, instead, recover naturally. The strengths of the cytolytic and non-cytolytic immune responses are key players that decide the fate of acute HBV infection. In addition, it has been hypothesized that proliferation of infected cells resulting in uninfected progeny and/or cytokine-mediated degradation of covalently closed circular DNA (cccDNA) leading to the cure of infected cells are two major mechanisms assisting the adaptive immune response in the clearance of acute HBV infection in humans...
November 18, 2017: Viruses
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29156409/it-s-in-the-details-the-role-of-selective-discussion-in-forgetting-of-children-s-autobiographical-memories
#5
Ruth Glynn, Karen Salmon, Jason Low
This experiment investigated whether retrieval-induced forgetting (RIF) would be found in children's self-generated autobiographical memory recall. An adapted version of the RIF paradigm for adults' autobiographical memories was administered to 8- and 9-year-old children (N = 65). We hypothesized that RIF would be found in terms of both number of memories recalled and amount of memory detail reported. The relationship between memory detail at the retrieval practice phase and RIF magnitude was also investigated...
November 17, 2017: Journal of Experimental Child Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29156372/psychometric-properties-of-the-intuitive-eating-scale-2-ies-2-in-a-culturally-diverse-hispanic-american-sample
#6
Jessica F Saunders, Kristin A Nichols-Lopez, Leslie D Frazier
BACKGROUND: Intuitive eating is an adaptive eating tendency consistently associated with positive physical and mental health outcomes, including lower risk for obesity and eating disorders (EDs). Obesity rates are disproportionately high in Hispanic American populations, yet the properties of intuitive eating remain to be examined in such samples. METHOD: The current study examined the psychometric properties of the Intuitive Eating Scale-2 (IES-2) in a Hispanic American sample of adult college students (N=482), and related IES-2 scores to levels of disordered eating, body mass index (BMI), fruit and vegetable consumption, and body shape satisfaction...
November 14, 2017: Eating Behaviors
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29156295/components-of-schizophrenia-liability-are-not-uniformly-associated-with-stress-sensitivity-resilience-and-coping
#7
Christian Ruzibiza, Rebecca E Grattan, Rebekah Eder, Richard J Linscott
Stress sensitization is a candidate final common pathway for the development of schizophrenia. In other psychopathologies, resilience attenuates the stressor-outcome relationships. Therefore, we sought to determine whether resilience moderates the association between stress sensitivity and schizophrenia liability. Undergraduates (n = 230) self-reported cognitive-perceptual, interpersonal, and disorganisation attributes of schizophrenia liability as well as ratings of sensitivity to stress, resilience, and dispositional coping behaviour...
November 14, 2017: Psychiatry Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29156275/agricultural-susceptibility-to-monsoon-variability-a-district-level-analysis-of-maharashtra-india
#8
Deepika Swami, Prashant Dave, Devanathan Parthasarathy
Indian Summer Monsoon (ISM) variability has always been a feature affecting Indian agriculture. However, nature of this variability is varying in the backdrop of climate change, and as a consequence, agriculture is getting significantly affected and subsequently threatening food security. To address the climate variability, most of the studies conducted so far have focused on a coarse scale such as Central India or Western Ghats. However, finer scale analysis for identification and quantification of the link between agriculture vulnerability and climate variables has not yet been attempted in a comprehensive manner...
November 17, 2017: Science of the Total Environment
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29156246/the-activation-of-shame-following-dissociation-in-the-context-of-relationships-a-vignette-study
#9
Kate McKeogh, Martin J Dorahy, Kumar Yogeeswaran
BACKGROUND AND OBJECTIVES: Studies show experiences of negative affective states, such as shame, elevate dissociation. Using vignettes, this study aimed to investigate the reverse, whether experiences of dissociation in the context of varied interpersonal relationships elevate shame. METHODS: 269 adults completed online questionnaires (Dissociative Experiences Scale; Experiences of Shame Scale) and were randomly allocated to vignettes describing either dissociation or sadness in three different relationship contexts: (1) with an acquaintance, (2) with a close friend, or (3) when alone...
November 7, 2017: Journal of Behavior Therapy and Experimental Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29156142/cutaneous-vasomotor-adaptation-following-repeated-isothermal-heat-exposures-evidence-of-adaptation-specificity
#10
Sean R Notley, Elizabeth A Taylor, Norikazu Ohnishi, Nigel A S Taylor
Unequivocal enhancement of cutaneous vasomotor function has yet to be demonstrated following heat acclimation, possibly because the adaptation stimulus was not sustained, or because thermoeffector function was not assessed at equivalent deep-body temperatures. Therefore, forearm and local cutaneous vascular conductances were evaluated during exercise eliciting matched deep-body temperatures (37.5oC, 38.5oC), before and after isothermal heat acclimation. Both indices increased (21% and 25%), confirming cutaneous vasomotor adaptation can occur, provided those experimental design specifications are satisfied...
November 20, 2017: Applied Physiology, Nutrition, and Metabolism, Physiologie Appliquée, Nutrition et Métabolisme
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29156141/one-year-unsupervised-individualized-exercise-training-intervention-enhances-cardiorespiratory-fitness-but-not-muscle-deoxygenation-or-glycemic-control-in-adults-with-type-1-diabetes
#11
Antti-Pekka E Rissanen, Heikki O Tikkanen, Anne S Koponen, Jyrki M Aho, Juha E Peltonen
Adaptations to long-term exercise training in type 1 diabetes are sparsely studied. We examined the effects of a 1-year individualized training intervention on cardiorespiratory fitness, exercise-induced active muscle deoxygenation, and glycemic control in adults with and without type 1 diabetes. Eight men with type 1 diabetes (T1D) and eight healthy men (CON) matched for age, anthropometry, and peak pulmonary O2 uptake (V̇O2peak), completed a 1-year individualized training intervention in an unsupervised real-world setting...
November 20, 2017: Applied Physiology, Nutrition, and Metabolism, Physiologie Appliquée, Nutrition et Métabolisme
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29156121/the-toxmatrix-chemo-genomic-profiling-identifies-interactions-that-reveal-mechanisms-of-toxicity
#12
Zhi-Bin Tong, Ruili Huang, Yuhong Wang, Carleen Klumpp-Thomas, John Braisted, Zina Itkin, Paul Shinn, Menghang Xia, Anton Simeonov, David Gerhold
A chemical genomics 'Toxmatrix' method was developed to elucidate mechanisms of cytotoxicity using neuronal models. Quantitative high-throughput screening (qHTS) was applied to systematically screen each toxicant against a panel of 70 modulators, drugs or chemicals that act on a known target, to identify interactions that either protect or sensitize cells to each toxicant. Thirty-two toxicants were tested at 10 concentrations for cytotoxicity to SH-SY5Y human neuroblastoma cells, with results fitted to the Hill equation to determine an IC50 for each toxicant...
November 20, 2017: Chemical Research in Toxicology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29156093/functional-and-molecular-outcomes-of-the-human-masticatory-muscles
#13
REVIEW
Gaetano Isola, Giuseppe Anastasi, Giovanni Matarese, Ray C Williams, Giuseppina Cutroneo, Pietro Bracco, Maria Grazia Piancino
The masticatory muscles achieve a broad range of different activities such as chewing, sucking, swallowing and speech. In order to accomplish these duties, masticatory muscles have a unique and heterogeneous structure and fibre composition, enabling them to produce their strength and contraction speed largely dependent on their motor units and myosin proteins that can change in response to genetic and environmental factors. Human masticatory muscles express unique myosin isoforms, including a combination of thick fibers, expressing myosin light chains (MyLC) and myosin class I and II heavy chains (MyHC) -IIA, -IIX, α-cardiac, embryonic and neonatal and thin fibers, respectively...
November 20, 2017: Oral Diseases
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29156047/immunopathogenesis-of-hepatitis-b-virus
#14
Tai-Chung Tseng, Li-Rung Huang
Chronic hepatitis B virus (HBV) infection is a global public health issue. There are >250 million people chronically infected with HBV, and these chronic carriers are at high risk of developing end-stage liver diseases and hepatocellular carcinoma. Patients with chronic hepatitis B (CHB) usually acquire the virus perinatally, while most patients infected during adulthood develop acute hepatitis B (AHB), which usually results in viral clearance. HBV infection is noncytopathic, and liver injury is mostly contributed by host immune responses...
November 16, 2017: Journal of Infectious Diseases
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29156005/abiofilm-a-resource-of-anti-biofilm-agents-and-their-potential-implications-in-targeting-antibiotic-drug-resistance
#15
Akanksha Rajput, Anamika Thakur, Shivangi Sharma, Manoj Kumar
Biofilms play an important role in the antibiotic drug resistance, which is threatening public health globally. Almost, all microbes mimic multicellular lifestyle to form biofilm by undergoing phenotypic changes to adapt adverse environmental conditions. Many anti-biofilm agents have been experimentally validated to disrupt the biofilms during last three decades. To organize this data, we developed the 'aBiofilm' resource (http://bioinfo.imtech.res.in/manojk/abiofilm/) that harbors a database, a predictor, and the data visualization modules...
November 16, 2017: Nucleic Acids Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29155929/pan-asian-adapted-esmo-consensus-guidelines-for-the-management-of-patients-with-metastatic-colorectal-cancer-a-jsmo-esmo-initiative-endorsed-by-csco-kaco-mos-sso-and-tos
#16
T Yoshino, D Arnold, H Taniguchi, G Pentheroudakis, K Yamazaki, R-H Xu, T W Kim, F Ismail, I B Tan, K-H Yeh, A Grothey, S Zhang, J B Ahn, D Chong, L-T Chen, S Kopetz, T Eguchi-Nakajima, H Ebi, A Ohtsu, A Cervantes, K Muro, J Tabernero, H Minami, F Ciardiello, J-Y Douillard
The most recent version of the European Society for Medical Oncology (ESMO) consensus guidelines for the treatment of patients with metastatic colorectal cancer (mCRC) was published in 2016, identifying both a more strategic approach to the administration of the available systemic therapy choices, and a greater emphasis on the use of ablative techniques, including surgery. At the 2016 ESMO Asia Meeting, in December 2016, it was decided by both ESMO and the Japanese Society of Medical Oncology (JSMO) to convene a special guidelines meeting, endorsed by both ESMO and JSMO, immediately after the JSMO 2017 Annual Meeting...
November 16, 2017: Annals of Oncology: Official Journal of the European Society for Medical Oncology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29155926/codon-usage-and-codon-pair-patterns-in-non-grass-monocot-genomes
#17
Purabi Mazumdar, RofinaYasmin Binti Othman, Katharina Mebus, N Ramakrishnan, Jennifer Ann Harikrishna
Background and Aims: Studies on codon usage in monocots have focused on grasses, and observed patterns of this taxon were generalized to all monocot species. Here, non-grass monocot species were analysed to investigate the differences between grass and non-grass monocots. Methods: First, studies of codon usage in monocots were reviewed. The current information was then extended regarding codon usage, as well as codon-pair context bias, using four completely sequenced non-grass monocot genomes (Musa acuminata, Musa balbisiana, Phoenix dactylifera and Spirodela polyrhiza) for which comparable transcriptome datasets are available...
November 16, 2017: Annals of Botany
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29155921/aridification-as-a-driver-of-biodiversity-a-case-study-for-the-cycad-genus-dioon-zamiaceae
#18
José Said Gutiérrez-Ortega, Takashi Yamamoto, Andrew P Vovides, Miguel Angel Pérez-Farrera, José F Martínez, Francisco Molina-Freaner, Yasuyuki Watano, Tadashi Kajita
Background and Aims: Aridification is considered a selective pressure that might have influenced plant diversification. It is suggested that plants adapted to aridity diversified during the Miocene, an epoch of global aridification (≈15 million years ago). However, evidence supporting diversification being a direct response to aridity is scarce, and multidisciplinary evidence, besides just phylogenetic estimations, is necessary to support the idea that aridification has driven diversification...
November 16, 2017: Annals of Botany
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29155897/advances-in-applied-homeostatic-modelling-of-the-relationship-between-thyrotropin-and-free-thyroxine
#19
Rudolf Hoermann, John Edward Maurice Midgley, Rolf Larisch, Johannes Wolfgang Christian Dietrich
INTRODUCTION: The relationship between pituitary TSH and thyroid hormones is central to our understanding of thyroid physiology and thyroid function testing. Here, we generated distribution patterns by using validated tools of thyroid modelling. METHODS: We simulated patterns of individual set points under various conditions, based on a homeostatic model of thyroid feedback control. These were compared with observed data points derived from clinical trials. RESULTS: A random mix of individual set points was reconstructed by simulative modelling with defined structural parameters...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29155894/estimating-virus-effective-population-size-and-selection-without-neutral-markers
#20
Elsa Rousseau, Benoît Moury, Ludovic Mailleret, Rachid Senoussi, Alain Palloix, Vincent Simon, Sophie Valière, Frédéric Grognard, Frédéric Fabre
By combining high-throughput sequencing (HTS) with experimental evolution, we can observe the within-host dynamics of pathogen variants of biomedical or ecological interest. We studied the evolutionary dynamics of five variants of Potato virus Y (PVY) in 15 doubled-haploid lines of pepper. All plants were inoculated with the same mixture of virus variants and, variant frequencies were determined by HTS in eight plants of each pepper line, at each of six sampling dates. We developed a method for estimating the intensities of selection and genetic drift in a multi-allelic Wright-Fisher model, applicable whether these forces are strong or weak, and in the absence of neutral markers...
November 20, 2017: PLoS Pathogens
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