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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28210079/%C3%AE-2-heremans-schmid-glycoprotein-fetuin-a-downregulation-and-its-utility-in-inflammatory-bowel-disease
#1
Anastassios C Manolakis, Gregory Christodoulidis, Andreas N Kapsoritakis, Panagiotis Georgoulias, Elisavet K Tiaka, Kostas Oikonomou, Varvara J Valotassiou, Spyros P Potamianos
AIM: To investigate the impact of inflammatory bowel disease (IBD) on α2-Heremans-Schmid Glycoprotein (AHSG/fetuin A) and potential associations with disease and patient characteristics. METHODS: AHSG serum levels were determined in treatment-naïve newly-diagnosed patients, 96 with ulcerative colitis (UC), 84 with Crohn's disease (CD), 62 with diarrhea-predominant or mixed irritable bowel syndrome (IBS, D- and M- types) and 180 healthy controls (HC), by an enzyme linked immunosorbent assay (ELISA)...
January 21, 2017: World Journal of Gastroenterology: WJG
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28208724/assessing-the-knowledge-level-attitudes-risky-behaviors-and-preventive-practices-on-sexually-transmitted-diseases-among-university-students-as-future-healthcare-providers-in-the-central-zone-of-malaysia-a-cross-sectional-study
#2
Adigun Temiloluwa Folasayo, Afolayan John Oluwasegun, Suhailah Samsudin, Siti Nor Sakinah Saudi, Malina Osman, Rukman Awang Hamat
This study was done to assess the knowledge, attitudes, risky behaviors and preventive practices related to sexually-transmitted diseases (STDs) among health and non-health sciences university students as future healthcare providers in Malaysia. A total of 700 health and non-health sciences university students (255 male; 445 female) aged between 17 and 30 years were surveyed by using a self-administered questionnaire. The majority (86.6%) had heard of STDs, and 50.4% knew STDs could present without symptoms...
February 8, 2017: International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28208075/socioeconomic-and-air-pollution-correlates-of-adult-asthma-heart-attack-and-stroke-risks-in-the-united-states-2010-2013
#3
Louis Anthony Tony Cox
Asthma in the United States has become an important public health issue, with many physicians, regulators, and scientists elsewhere expressing concern that criterion air pollutants have contributed to a rising tide of asthma cases and symptoms. This paper studies recent associations (from 2008 to 2012) between self-reported asthma experiences and potential predictors, including age, sex, income, education, smoking, and county-level average annual ambient concentrations of ozone (O3) and fine particulate matter (PM2...
February 13, 2017: Environmental Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28208013/sex-differences-in-autism-like-behavioral-phenotypes-and-postsynaptic-receptors-expression-in-the-prefrontal-cortex-of-tert-transgenic-mice
#4
Ki Chan Kim, Kyu Suk Cho, Sung Min Yang, Edson Luck Gonzales, Schley Valencia, Pyeong Hwa Eun, Chang Soon Choi, Darine Froy Mabunga, Ji-Woon Kim, Judy Kyoungju Noh, Hee Jin Kim, Se Jin Jeon, Seol-Heui Han, Geon Ho Bahn, Chan Young Shin
Autism spectrum disorder (ASD) remains unexplained and untreated despite the high attention of research in recent years. Aside from its various characteristics is the baffling male preponderance over the female population. Using a validated animal model of ASD which is the telomerase reverse transcriptase overexpressing mice (TERT-tg), we conducted ASD-related behavioral assessments and protein expression experiments to mark the difference between male and females of this animal model. After statistically analyzing the results, we found significant effects of TERT overexpression in sociability, social novelty preference, anxiety, nest building, and electroseizure threshold in the males but not their female littermates...
February 17, 2017: Biomolecules & Therapeutics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28207558/association-between-oral-health-behavior-and-periodontal-disease-among-korean-adults-the-korea-national-health-and-nutrition-examination-survey
#5
Kyungdo Han, Jun-Beom Park
This study was performed to assess the association between oral health behavior and periodontal disease using nationally representative data.This study involved a cross-sectional analysis and multivariable logistic regression analysis models using the data from the Korean National Health and Nutrition Examination Survey. A community periodontal index greater than or equal to code 3 was used to define periodontal disease.Adjusted odds ratios and their 95% confidence intervals of periodontitis for the toothbrushing after lunch group and the toothbrushing before bedtime group were 0...
February 2017: Medicine (Baltimore)
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28207508/concussion-mild-traumatic-brain-injury-related-chronic-pain-in-males-and-females-a-diagnostic-modelling-study
#6
Tatyana Mollayeva, J David Cassidy, Colin M Shapiro, Shirin Mollayeva, Angela Colantonio
Pain is an unpleasant, complex, and perceived experience that places a significant burden on patients and clinicians. Its severity may be mediated by emotion, attitude, and environmental influences, and pain may be expressed differently in males and females. Traumatic brain injury (TBI) is frequently associated with chronic pain. This diagnostic modeling study examined sex differences in the construct of chronic pain in patients with delayed recovery from concussion/mild traumatic brain injury (mTBI).Data were collected from standardized questionnaires, neuroimaging records, and comprehensive clinical assessments...
February 2017: Medicine (Baltimore)
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28207330/parent-centered-prevention-of-risky-behaviors-among-hispanic-youths-in-florida
#7
Yannine Estrada, Tae Kyoung Lee, Shi Huang, Maria I Tapia, Maria-Rosa Velázquez, Marcos J Martinez, Hilda Pantin, Manuel A Ocasio, Denise C Vidot, Lourdes Molleda, Juan Villamar, Bryan A Stepanenko, C Hendricks Brown, Guillermo Prado
OBJECTIVES: To evaluate the effectiveness of an evidence-based, parent-centered intervention, Familias Unidas, delivered by nonresearch personnel, in preventing substance use (alcohol, illicit drugs) and sex without a condom among Hispanic adolescents. METHODS: A randomized controlled trial (n = 746) evaluated the effectiveness of Familias Unidas among Hispanic eighth graders (age range = 12-16 years), relative to prevention as usual, within a public school system...
February 16, 2017: American Journal of Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28203366/sex-differences-in-variability-across-timescales-in-balb-c-mice
#8
Benjamin L Smarr, Azure D Grant, Irving Zucker, Brian J Prendergast, Lance J Kriegsfeld
BACKGROUND: Females are markedly underinvestigated in the biological and behavioral sciences due to the presumption that cyclic hormonal changes across the ovulatory cycle introduce excess variability to measures of interest in comparison to males. However, recent analyses indicate that male and female mice and rats exhibit comparable variability across numerous physiological and behavioral measures, even when the stage of the estrous cycle is not considered. Hormonal changes across the ovulatory cycle likely contribute cyclic, intra-individual variability in females, but the source(s) of male variability has, to our knowledge, not been investigated...
2017: Biology of Sex Differences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28203017/-analysis-of-type-c-behavior-in-patients-with-oral-lichen-planus
#9
Y S Guo, S Li, M Y Lyu, D Yang, H Hua
OBJECTIVE: To assess type C behavior in patients with oral lichen planus (OLP) in order to provide basis for clinical prevention, treatment and psychological intervention of OLP. METHODS: Type C behavior scale was used on 85 OLP patients and 85 control patients, who were in accordance with the inclusion criteria, in order to investigate their type C behavior. The scale included 9 items: anxiety, depression, anger, anger toward inside (anger-in), anger toward outside (anger-out), reasoning, domination, optimism, and social support...
February 18, 2017: Beijing da Xue Xue Bao. Yi Xue Ban, Journal of Peking University. Health Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28202705/moderators-and-predictors-of-response-to-behavior-therapy-for-tics-in-tourette-syndrome
#10
Denis G Sukhodolsky, Douglas W Woods, John Piacentini, Sabine Wilhelm, Alan L Peterson, Lily Katsovich, James Dziura, John T Walkup, Lawrence Scahill
OBJECTIVE: To examine moderators and predictors of response to behavior therapy for tics in children and adults with Tourette syndrome and chronic tic disorders. METHODS: Data from 2 10-week, multisite studies (1 in children and 1 in adults; total n = 248) comparing comprehensive behavioral intervention for tics (CBIT) to psychoeducation and supportive therapy (PST) were combined for moderator analyses. Participants (177 male, 71 female) had a mean age of 21.5 ± 13...
February 15, 2017: Neurology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28202696/low-cancer-prevalence-in-polyglutamine-expansion-diseases
#11
Giulia Coarelli, Alhassane Diallo, Morgane Sonia Thion, Daisy Rinaldi, Fabienne Calvas, Ouahid Lagha Boukbiza, Alina Tataru, Perrine Charles, Christine Tranchant, Cecilia Marelli, Claire Ewenczyk, Maya Tchikviladzé, Marie-Lorraine Monin, Bertrand Carlander, Mathieu Anheim, Alexis Brice, Fanny Mochel, Sophie Tezenas du Montcel, Sandrine Humbert, Alexandra Durr
OBJECTIVE: Polyglutamine (PolyQ) diseases are dominantly transmitted neurologic disorders, caused by coding and expanded CAG trinucleotide repeats. Cancer was reported retrospectively to be rare in patients with PolyQ diseases and we aimed to investigate its prevalence in France. METHODS: Consecutive patients with Huntington disease (HD) and spinocerebellar ataxia (SCA) were questioned about cancer, cardiovascular diseases, and related risk factors in 4 university hospitals in Paris, Toulouse, Strasbourg, and Montpellier...
February 15, 2017: Neurology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28202465/metabolic-rate-and-hypoxia-tolerance-are-affected-by-group-interactions-and-sex-in-the-fruit-fly-drosophila-melanogaster-new-data-and-a-literature-survey
#12
Warren Burggren, BriAnna M Souder, Dao H Ho
Population density and associated behavioral adjustments are potentially important in regulating physiological performance in many animals. In r-selected species like the fruit fly (Drosophila), where population density rapidly shifts in unpredictable and unstable environments, density-dependent physiological adjustments may aid survival of individuals living in a social environment. Yet, how population density (and associated social behaviors) affects physiological functions like metabolism is poorly understood in insects...
February 15, 2017: Biology Open
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28202319/the-women-s-empower-survey-women-s-knowledge-and-awareness-of-treatment-options-for-vulvar-and-vaginal-atrophy-remains-inadequate
#13
Michael Krychman, Shelli Graham, Brian Bernick, Sebastian Mirkin, Sheryl A Kingsberg
INTRODUCTION: Postmenopausal women's knowledge about vulvar and vaginal atrophy (VVA) and available treatment options has historically been inadequate. Recent direct-to-consumer marketing and educational efforts would have been expected to increase awareness and treatment options. AIM: To compare results of the Women's EMPOWER survey with other available VVA surveys to assess progress in women's understanding and approaches to treatment of VVA. METHODS: The Women's EMPOWER survey, an internet-based survey of US women with VVA symptoms, assessed women's awareness of VVA and their behaviors and attitudes associated with symptom treatment...
February 12, 2017: Journal of Sexual Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28201941/different-psychosocial-factors-are-associated-with-different-intention-and-self-efficacy-toward-eating-breakfast-among-japanese-breakfast-skippers
#14
Makiko Nakade, Megumi Tsubota-Utsugi, Eri Imai, Nobuyo Tsuboyama-Kasaoka, Nobuo Nishi, Hidemi Takimoto
A cross-sectional study was conducted among 7593 adults to clarify lifestyle and psychosocial characteristics of breakfast skippers with different intention and self-efficacy toward eating breakfast. Data were obtained from Japan's national survey in 2009. Multinomial logistic regression analyses were performed to examine the characteristics of each breakfast skipper (having intention and self-efficacy toward eating breakfast [IS], having intention but not self-efficacy [INS], and not having intention to eat breakfast [NI]) compared with breakfast eaters...
February 1, 2017: Asia-Pacific Journal of Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28199893/decreased-cingulate-cortex-activation-during-cognitive-control-processing-in-bipolar-disorder
#15
Staci A Gruber, M Kathryn Dahlgren, Kelly A Sagar, Atilla Gonenc, Lesley Norris, Bruce M Cohen, Dost Ongur, Kathryn E Lewandowski
BACKGROUND: Cognitive deficits are well-documented in patients with bipolar disorder (BPD) and may impact the efficacy of psychotherapy. Cognitive control, a form of executive functioning, is often used therapeutically to shift patients' thoughts and behaviors from automatic, maladaptive responses to adaptive coping strategies. This study examined cognitive control processing in patients with BPD using the Multi-Source Interference Task (MSIT). METHOD: Twenty-nine patients diagnosed with BPD and 21 healthy control (HC) subjects completed the MSIT with concurrent functional magnetic resonance imaging (fMRI)...
February 7, 2017: Journal of Affective Disorders
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28199415/temperament-in-infancy-and-behavioral-and-emotional-problems-at-age-5-5-the-eden-mother-child-cohort
#16
Xian Abulizi, Laura Pryor, Grégory Michel, Maria Melchior, Judith van der Waerden
OBJECTIVE: Early temperamental characteristics may influence children's developmental pathways and predict future psychopathology. However, the environmental context may also shape or interact with infant temperament and indirectly contribute to increased vulnerability to adverse developmental outcomes. The aim of the present study is to explore the long-term contribution of temperamental traits at twelve months of age to the presence of emotional and behavioral problems later in childhood, and whether this association varies with the child's sex, parental separation, family socioeconomic status and maternal depression...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28198658/effects-of-acute-and-chronic-caffeine-on-risk-taking-behavior-in-children-and-adolescents
#17
Jennifer L Temple, Amanda M Ziegler, Adam M Graczyk, Amanda Crandall
Consumption of caffeinated beverages is associated with increased risk-taking behavior. The purpose of this study was to determine if acute caffeine administration influences risk-taking behavior in a dose-dependent manner. Participants were pre- (ages 8-9) and post-pubertal (ages 15-17) children who visited the laboratory three times and consumed a beverage containing 0, 1, or 2 mg/kg of caffeine. Thirty minutes later, participants completed the balloon analogue risk task (BART), the Iowa gambling task (IGT), and a delay discounting task...
February 1, 2017: Journal of Psychopharmacology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28198566/fish-short-term-reproduction-assay-fstra-with-atrazine-and-the-japanese-medaka-oryzias-latipes
#18
Alan J Hosmer, Suzanne Z Schneider, Julie C Anderson, Loren D Knopper, Richard A Brain
Breeding groups of Japanese medaka (Oryzias latipes) were exposed to atrazine at measured concentrations of 0.6, 5.5, and 53 µg/L for 35 d. Evaluated endpoints included survival, fecundity, fertility, growth (weight and length), behavior, secondary sex characteristics (anal fin papillae), gonad histopathology, and hepatic vitellogenin. No statistically significant effects of atrazine exposure on survival and growth of medaka were noted during the test, and mean survival was ≥97.5% in all treatment groups on Day 35...
February 15, 2017: Environmental Toxicology and Chemistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28197868/plasma-levels-of-immune-factors-and-sex-steroids-in-the-male-seahorse-hippocampus-erectus-during-a-breeding-cycle
#19
Tingting Lin, Xin Liu, Dongxue Xiao, Dong Zhang
To better understand the endocrine- and immune-response pattern during reproduction in a fish species having parental care behaviors and also to accumulate the endocrine- and immune-related data for future explanations of the low reproductive efficiency in seahorse species, the variations of immune factors and sex steroids in the plasma of the male lined seahorse Hippocampus erectus at different breeding stages, i.e., pre-pregnancy, pregnancy (early, middle, and late periods), and post-pregnancy, were investigated in the present study...
February 14, 2017: Fish Physiology and Biochemistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28197862/influences-of-economic-social-and-cultural-marginalization-on-the-association-between-alcohol-use-and-sexual-risk-among-formerly-incarcerated-latino-men
#20
Miguel Muñoz-Laboy, Omar Martínez, Vincent Guilamo-Ramos, Jeffrey Draine, Karin Eyrich Garg, Ethan Levine, Alexandra Ripkin
Formerly incarcerated Latino men (FILM) have been significantly impacted by the HIV/AIDS and alcohol abuse epidemics in the United States. In this analysis, we examine the role of social, economic and cultural marginalization in the likelihood of alcohol-related sexual risk taking behavior among FILM. We recruited a non-random sample of FILM, ages 18-49 (n = 259). We performed logistic regression modeling to test four hypotheses examining the direct and moderating effects of socio-cultural factors. Drinking before sex was strongly associated with high likelihood of condomless intercourse (adjusted odds ratio, AOR = 2...
February 15, 2017: Journal of Immigrant and Minority Health
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