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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29790236/forecasting-zoonotic-cutaneous-leishmaniasis-using-meteorological-factors-in-eastern-fars-province-iran-a-sarima-analysis
#1
Hamid Reza Tohidinik, Mehdi Mohebali, Mohammad Ali Mansournia, Sharareh R Niakan Kalhori, Mohsen Ali-Akbarpour, Kamran Yazdani
OBJECTIVES: To predict the occurrence of zoonotic cutaneous leishmaniasis (ZCL) and evaluate the effect of climatic variables on disease incidence in the east of Fars province, Iran using the Seasonal Autoregressive Integrated Moving Average (SARIMA) model. METHODS: The Box-Jenkins approach was applied to fit the SARIMA model for ZCL incidence from 2004 to 2015. Then the model was used to predict the number of ZCL cases for the year 2016. Finally, we assessed the relation of meteorological variables (rainfall, rainy days, temperature, hours of sunshine and relative humidity) with ZCL incidence...
May 22, 2018: Tropical Medicine & International Health: TM & IH
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29786528/modelling-correlated-data-multilevel-models-and-generalized-estimating-equations-and-their-use-with-data-from-research-in-developmental-disabilities
#2
Dimitrios Vagenas, Vasiliki Totsika
BACKGROUND: The use of Multilevel Models (MLM) and Generalized Estimating Equations (GEE) for analysing clustered data in the field of intellectual and developmental disability (IDD) research is still limited. METHOD: We present some important features of MLMs and GEEs: main function, assumptions, model specification and estimators, sample size and power. We provide an overview of the ways MLMs and GEEs have been used in IDD research. RESULTS: While MLMs and GEEs are both appropriate for longitudinal and/or clustered data, they differ in the assumptions they impose on the data, and the inferences made...
May 18, 2018: Research in Developmental Disabilities
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29781057/cardiovascular-disease-prevention-training-opportunities-the-challenges-and-future-directions
#3
REVIEW
Anum Saeed, Kaustubh Dabhadkar, Salim S Virani, Peter H Jones, Christie M Ballantyne, Vijay Nambi
PURPOSE: Cardiovascular diseases (CVDs) are a leading cause of morbidity and mortality worldwide, necessitating major efforts in prevention. This review summarizes the currently available training opportunities in CVD prevention for fellows-in-training (FITs) and residents. We also highlight the challenges and future directions for CVD prevention as a field and propose a structure for an inclusive CVD prevention training program. RECENT FINDINGS: At present, there is a lack of centralized training resources for FITs and residents interested in pursuing a career in CVD prevention...
May 21, 2018: Current Atherosclerosis Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29779466/a-systematic-review-of-shock-attenuating-componentry-for-lower-limb-amputees
#4
Mitchell Farrar, Emma Thomas
BACKGROUND: Shock-attenuating pylons are commonly fitted to prostheses in order to compensate for the anatomical and biomechanical shock-absorbing features of the lower limb removed upon amputation. However, studies concerning their shock-attenuating capacity are highly variable and, to date, have not yet been reviewed, making them difficult to interpret and apply in clinical practice. OBJECTIVES: To synthesise and appraise the available literature examining the effectiveness of shock-attenuating pylons in attenuating shock upon limb loading compared to rigid pylons among lower limb amputees...
May 1, 2018: Prosthetics and Orthotics International
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29778479/an-in-vivo-stable-isotope-based-approach-for-assessment-of-absorbed-amino-acids-from-individual-feed-ingredients-within-complete-diets
#5
K A Estes, R R White, P S Yoder, T Pilonero, H Schramm, H Lapierre, M D Hanigan
Accurate assessment of the nutritional content of feed ingredients is required for precise diet formulation. Characterizing ingredients in terms of absorption and digestibility of individual AA is challenging, and this information often relies on indirect methods. The purpose of this research was to evaluate an in vivo stable isotope-based method of determining plasma entry rates of individual AA from feather meal (FM), blood meal (BM), and a rumen-protected AA (RPMet). Abomasal infusions of unprotected Ile, Leu, Met, and sodium caseinate were used as control treatments to assess technique reliability and accuracy...
May 16, 2018: Journal of Dairy Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29775340/universality-of-generalized-parton-distributions-in-light-front-holographic-qcd
#6
Guy F de Téramond, Tianbo Liu, Raza Sabbir Sufian, Hans Günter Dosch, Stanley J Brodsky, Alexandre Deur
The structure of generalized parton distributions is determined from light-front holographic QCD up to a universal reparametrization function w(x) which incorporates Regge behavior at small x and inclusive counting rules at x→1. A simple ansatz for w(x) that fulfills these physics constraints with a single-parameter results in precise descriptions of both the nucleon and the pion quark distribution functions in comparison with global fits. The analytic structure of the amplitudes leads to a connection with the Veneziano model and hence to a nontrivial connection with Regge theory and the hadron spectrum...
May 4, 2018: Physical Review Letters
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29765895/effect-of-smear-layer-deproteinization-on-bonding-of-self-etch-adhesives-to-dentin-a-systematic-review-and-meta-analysis
#7
Khaldoan H Alshaikh, Hamdi H H Hamama, Salah H Mahmoud
Objectives: The aim of this systematic review was to critically analyze previously published studies of the effects of dentin surface pretreatment with deproteinizing agents on the bonding of self-etch (SE) adhesives to dentin. Additionally, a meta-analysis was conducted to quantify the effects of the above-mentioned surface pretreatment methods on the bonding of SE adhesives to dentin. Materials and Methods: An electronic search was performed using the following databases: Scopus, PubMed and ScienceDirect...
May 2018: Restorative Dentistry & Endodontics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29765682/effects-of-the-inclusion-of-a-mixed-psychrotrophic-bacteria-strain-for-sewage-treatment-in-constructed-wetland-in-winter-seasons
#8
Meizhen Tang, Zhengtao Li, Yuewei Yang, Junfeng Chen, Jie Jiang
Constructed wetlands (CWs) have been used globally in wastewater treatment for years. CWs represent an efficient ecological system which is both energy-saving and low in investment for construction and operational cost. In addition, CWs also have the advantage of being easy to operate and maintain. However, the operation of CWs at northern latitudes (both mid and high) is sometimes quite demanding, due to the inhibitory effect of low temperatures that often occur in winter. To evaluate the wastewater treatment performance of a culture of mixed Psychrotrophic bacteria strains in an integrated vertical-flow CW, the removal rates of ammonia nitrogen (NH3 -N), chemical oxygen demand (COD), nitrite nitrogen [Formula: see text], nitrate nitrogen [Formula: see text] and total phosphorus (TP) were quantified at different bacterial dosages to determine the best bacterial dosage and establish kinetic degradation models of the mixed strains...
April 2018: Royal Society Open Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29756963/cardiorespiratory-fitness-and-fat-oxidation-during-exercise-as-protective-factors-for-insulin-resistance-in-sedentary-women-with-overweight-or-obesity
#9
Javiera Cancino Ramírez, Johana Soto Sánchez, Hermann Zbinden Foncea, Manuel Moreno González, Barbara Leyton Dinamarca, Luis González Rojas
INTRODUCTION: obesity is a global pandemic and it is the biggest risk factor for death worldwide nowadays. Studies suggest that both cardiorespiratory fitness and fat oxidation in exercise are related to insulin resistance and type 2 diabetes mellitus, and they could be used as metabolic fitness markers. OBJECTIVES: the aim of this study is to determine if cardiorespiratory fitness (VO2) and fat oxidation during exercise are protective factors of insulin resistance (IR) in sedentary women with obesity or overweight...
March 1, 2018: Nutrición Hospitalaria: Organo Oficial de la Sociedad Española de Nutrición Parenteral y Enteral
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29756858/first-monte-carlo-global-analysis-of-nucleon-transversity-with-lattice-qcd-constraints
#10
H-W Lin, W Melnitchouk, A Prokudin, N Sato, H Shows
We report on the first global QCD analysis of the quark transversity distributions in the nucleon from semi-inclusive deep-inelastic scattering (SIDIS), using a new Monte Carlo method based on nested sampling and constraints on the isovector tensor charge g_{T} from lattice QCD. A simultaneous fit to the available SIDIS Collins asymmetry data is compatible with g_{T} values extracted from a comprehensive reanalysis of existing lattice simulations, in contrast to previous analyses, which found significantly smaller g_{T} values...
April 13, 2018: Physical Review Letters
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29754403/-one-size-does-not-fit-all-perspectives-on-diversity-in-community-aged-care
#11
Claudia Meyer, Arti Appannah, Sally McMillan, Colette Browning, Rajna Ogrin
OBJECTIVES: Typically, older people are viewed via a single health condition, yet health outcomes are likely impacted by the intersection of many individual characteristics. Promoting inclusive health care is underpinned by reducing bias, respectful communication and supporting individual needs and preferences. This study explores perspectives of community aged care workers on diversity training and implementing training into practice. METHODS: Ninety community aged care workers were telephone-interviewed three months after a one-day diversity training workshop...
May 13, 2018: Australasian Journal on Ageing
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29752139/intraprocedural-parenchymal-blood-volume-is-a-predictor-of-treatment-response-for-chemoembolization-in-hepatocellular-carcinoma-results-of-a-prospective-study
#12
Nevin de Korompay, Mohammed Alshammari, Darren Klass, Frank Y Chou, John Chung, Stephen Ho, David M Liu
PURPOSE: To evaluate cone-beam parenchymal blood volume (PBV) before and after embolization as a predictor of radiographic response to transarterial chemoembolization in unresectable hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC). MATERIALS AND METHODS: A phase IIa prospective clinical trial was conducted in patients with HCCs > 1.5 cm undergoing chemoembolization; 52 tumors in 40 patients with Barcelona Clinic Liver Criteria stage B disease met inclusion criteria. Pre- and postembolization PBV analysis was performed with a semiquantitative best-fit methodology for index tumors, with a predefined primary endpoint of radiographic response at 3 months...
May 8, 2018: Journal of Vascular and Interventional Radiology: JVIR
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29751224/the-effectiveness-of-physical-activity-interventions-in-improving-well-being-across-office-based-workplace-settings-a-systematic-review
#13
REVIEW
S Abdin, R K Welch, J Byron-Daniel, J Meyrick
OBJECTIVES: Although the benefits of regular physical activity (PA) are widely accepted, most of the population fails to meet the recommended levels of activity. Public health bodies such as the World Health Organisation emphasise promoting PA within workplaces as a key intervention setting to reach the health and well-being of the working population. Given the importance of well-being in workplace settings, it seems worthwhile to explore the evidence of effectiveness in the literature...
May 8, 2018: Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29749032/comparison-between-preprandial-versus-postprandial-insulin-aspart-administration-in-patients-with-type-1-diabetes-benefiting-from-insulin-pump-and-real-time-continuous-glucose-monitoring
#14
Philippe Thuillier, Emmanuel Sonnet, Zarrin Alavi, Nathalie Roudaut, Emmanuel Nowak, Angélina Dion, Véronique Kerlan
BACKGROUND: The objective was to compare glycemic control between pre- and post-prandial bolus administration (15min before (PRE) or immediately after the meal (POST)) in patients with type 1 diabetes using insulin pump and real time continuous glucose monitoring (RT-CGM). METHODS: Between September 2015 and February 2016, a single-centre, open randomized, two-way crossover study of patients on bolus insulin aspart administration was conducted during two 14-days periods and according to two administration regimen schedules(...
May 10, 2018: Diabetes/metabolism Research and Reviews
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29748158/scoping-review-of-dance-for-adults-with-fibromyalgia-what-do-we-know-about-it
#15
REVIEW
Julia Bidonde, Catherine Boden, Soo Kim, Angela J Busch, Suelen M Goes, Emily Knight
BACKGROUND: Fibromyalgia is a chronic disorder characterized by widespread muscular tenderness, pain, fatigue, and cognitive difficulties. Nonpharmacological treatment options, such as physical activity, are important for people with fibromyalgia. There are strong recommendations to support engagement in physical activity for symptom management among adults with fibromyalgia. Dance is a mode of physical activity that may allow individuals with fibromyalgia to improve their physical function, health, and well-being...
May 10, 2018: JMIR Rehabilitation and Assistive Technologies
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29743061/transitional-journeys-into-and-through-medical-education-for-first-in-family-fif-students-a-qualitative-interview-study
#16
Andrew Mark Bassett, Caragh Brosnan, Erica Southgate, Heidi Lempp
BACKGROUND: There has been much interest in the transitions along the medical education continuum. However, little is known about how students from non-traditional backgrounds experience both the move to, and through Medical School, and their ambitions post-graduation. This research sought to understand the transitional journey into, and through undergraduate medical education, and future career aspirations for first-in-family (FiF) medical students. METHODS: Based on a interpretivist epistemological perspective, 20 FiF students from one English Medical School participated in semi-structured interviews...
May 9, 2018: BMC Medical Education
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29736728/effects-and-dose-response-relationship-of-balance-training-on-balance-performance-in-youth-a-systematic-review-and-meta-analysis
#17
REVIEW
Arnd Gebel, Melanie Lesinski, David G Behm, Urs Granacher
BACKGROUND: Effects and dose-response relationships of balance training on measures of balance are well-documented for healthy young and old adults. However, this has not been systematically studied in youth. OBJECTIVES: The objectives of this systematic review and meta-analysis were to quantify effects of balance training (BT) on measures of static and dynamic balance in healthy children and adolescents. Additionally, dose-response relations for BT modalities (e...
May 7, 2018: Sports Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29736612/themes-that-determine-quality-of-life-in-patients-with-peripheral-arterial-disease-a-systematic-review
#18
REVIEW
Ahmed Aber, Elizabeth Lumley, Patrick Phillips, Helen Buckley Woods, Georgina Jones, Jonathan Michaels
OBJECTIVES: The aim of this study was to identify domains that determine quality of life in patients with peripheral arterial disease and find the patient-reported outcome measures that can examine the identified themes. METHODS: A systematic review of all the main six databases was undertaken to identify primary qualitative studies reporting on the health and/or quality of life of patients with peripheral arterial disease. The quality of studies was assessed using the Critical Appraisal Skills Program criteria...
May 8, 2018: Patient
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29735750/systematic-review-of-fit-note-use-for-workers-in-the-uk
#19
Sarah Dorrington, Emmert Roberts, Arnstein Mykletun, Stephani Hatch, Ira Madan, Matthew Hotopf
OBJECTIVES: The fit note, introduced in England, Wales and Scotland in 2010, was designed to change radically the sickness certification process from advising individuals on their inability to work to advising them on what they could do if work could be adapted. Our review aimed to evaluate the following: (1) Is the 'maybe fit' for work option being selected for patients? (2) Are work solutions being recommended? (3) Has the fit note increased return to work? (4) Has the fit note reduced the length of sickness absence? We considered the way in which outcomes vary according to patient demographics including type of health problem...
May 7, 2018: Occupational and Environmental Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29734478/text-mining-as-a-methodology-to-assess-eating-disorder-relevant-factors-comparing-mentions-of-fitness-tracking-technology-across-online-communities
#20
Duncan McCaig, Sudeep Bhatia, Mark T Elliott, Lukasz Walasek, Caroline Meyer
OBJECTIVE: Text-mining offers a technique to identify and extract information from a large corpus of textual data. As an example, this study presents the application of text-mining to assess and compare interest in fitness tracking technology across eating disorder and health-related online communities. METHOD: A list of fitness tracking technology terms was developed, and communities (i.e., 'subreddits') on a large online discussion platform (Reddit) were compared regarding the frequency with which these terms occurred...
May 7, 2018: International Journal of Eating Disorders
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