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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27912941/effects-of-dance-interventions-on-cardiovascular-risk-with-ageing-systematic-review-and-meta-analysis
#1
REVIEW
Josianne Rodrigues-Krause, Juliano Boufleur Farinha, Mauricio Krause, Álvaro Reischak-Oliveira
BACKGROUND: Exercising, including dancing, has been recommended to improve cardiovascular health of older people. Herein, we conducted a systematic review and meta-analysis verifying the effects of dance interventions on cardiovascular risk (CVR) in the elderly, comparing dancers to non-exercise controls and other types of exercise, in randomised (RCTs) and non-randomised control trials (nRCTs). Primary/Secondary outcomes: peak oxygen consumption (VO2peak)/anthropometric measurements (body weight, BMI), and lipid profile...
December 2016: Complementary Therapies in Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27912156/health-benefits-of-aerobic-training-programs-in-adults-aged-70-and-over-a-systematic-review
#2
REVIEW
Walid Bouaziz, Thomas Vogel, Elise Schmitt, Georges Kaltenbach, Bernard Geny, Pierre Olivier Lang
Aging is intrinsically associated with a progressive decline in muscle strength and mass, and aerobic capacity. This contributes to reduced mobility and impaired quality of life (QoL) among seniors. Regular physical activity, and more particularly aerobic training (AT), has demonstrated benefits on adults' health. The aim of this review was to assess the current level of evidence regarding the health benefits of AT in the population aged 70 years and over. A comprehensive, systematic database search for manuscripts was performed...
October 31, 2016: Archives of Gerontology and Geriatrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27910006/william-d-hamilton-s-brazilian-lectures-and-his-unpublished-model-regarding-wynne-edwards-s-idea-of-natural-selection-with-a-note-on-pluralism-and-different-philosophical-approaches-to-evolution
#3
Emanuele Coco
In 1975, the English evolutionist William Donald Hamilton (1936-2000) held in Brazil a series of lectures entitled "Population genetics and social behaviour". The unpublished notes of these conferences-written by Hamilton and recently discovered at the British Library-offer an opportunity to reflect on some of the author's ideas about evolution. The year of the conference is particularly significant, as it took place shortly after the applications of the Price equation with which Hamilton was able to build a model that included several levels of selection...
December 2016: History and Philosophy of the Life Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27909853/impact-of-irt-item-misfit-on-score-estimates-and-severity-classifications-an-examination-of-promis-depression-and-pain-interference-item-banks
#4
Yue Zhao
PURPOSE: In patient-reported outcome research that utilizes item response theory (IRT), using statistical significance tests to detect misfit is usually the focus of IRT model-data fit evaluations. However, such evaluations rarely address the impact/consequence of using misfitting items on the intended clinical applications. This study was designed to evaluate the impact of IRT item misfit on score estimates and severity classifications and to demonstrate a recommended process of model-fit evaluation...
December 1, 2016: Quality of Life Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27903142/systematic-literature-review-of-general-health-care-interventions-within-programs-of-assertive-community-treatment
#5
Erik R Vanderlip, Benjamin F Henwood, Debra R Hrouda, Piper S Meyer, Maria Monroe-DeVita, Lynette M Studer, April J Schweikhard, Lorna L Moser
OBJECTIVE: Assertive community treatment (ACT) is one of the few evidence-based practices for adults with severe mental illness. Interest has slowly waned for ACT implementation. Yet ACT remains an appealing services platform to achieve the triple aim of health care reform (improved health outcomes, reduced cost, and improved satisfaction) through integration of primary care and behavioral health services. This review highlights the evidence for ACT to improve general medical outcomes, reduce treatment costs, and increase access to treatment...
December 1, 2016: Psychiatric Services: a Journal of the American Psychiatric Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27898930/effects-of-roughage-inclusion-and-particle-size-on-performance-and-rumination-behavior-of-finishing-beef-steers
#6
W W Gentry, C P Weiss, C M Meredith, F T McCollum, N A Cole, J S Jennings
Roughage is typically mechanically processed to increase digestibility and improve handling and mixing characteristics in beef cattle finishing diets. Roughage is fed to promote ruminal health and decrease digestive upset, but inclusion in finishing diets is limited due to the cost per unit of energy. Rumination behavior may be a means to standardize roughage in beef cattle finishing diets, and increasing particle size of roughage may allow a decrease in roughage inclusion without sacrificing animal performance...
November 2016: Journal of Animal Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27898857/vitamin-e-plasma-kinetics-in-swine-show-low-bioavailability-and-short-half-life-of-%C3%AE-tocopheryl-acetate
#7
T A T G van Kempen, M H Reijersen, C de Bruijn, S De Smet, J Michiels, M G Traber, C Lauridsen
Vitamin E is important for animal production because of its effects on health and product quality, but the amount and form required remains controversial. Our objective was to quantify the absolute bioavailability of oral -α-tocopheryl acetate (α-TAc) in swine (22 ± 1 kg and 8 wk old, fitted with jugular catheters) adapted to a diet supplemented with 75 mg/kg -α-TAc; 75 mg/kg was chosen because this level represents the nonweighted average inclusion level in piglet diets across Western key swine-producing countries...
October 2016: Journal of Animal Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27889535/does-temporomandibular-joint-pathology-with-or-without-surgical-management-affect-the-stability-of-counterclockwise-rotation-of-the-maxillomandibular-complex-in-orthognathic-surgery-a-systematic-review-and-meta-analysis
#8
Essam Ahmed Al-Moraissi, Larry M Wolford
PURPOSE: This study was designed to determine the stability of counterclockwise rotation (CCWR) of the maxillomandibular complex (MMC) in orthognathic surgery with or without surgical correction of coexisting temporomandibular joint (TMJ) pathology. MATERIALS AND METHODS: The authors implemented a systematic review and meta-analysis. A search of major databases through PubMed, EMBASE, and Cochrane CENTRAL was performed. Inclusion criteria were studies that analyzed CCWR of the MMC in regard to skeletal stability after orthognathic surgery in patients with or without pre-existing TMJ pathology that was or was not surgically corrected concomitantly...
November 4, 2016: Journal of Oral and Maxillofacial Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27888214/cardiorespiratory-fitness-and-death-from-cancer-a-42-year-follow-up-from-the-copenhagen-male-study
#9
Magnus Thorsten Jensen, Andreas Holtermann, Hans Bay, Finn Gyntelberg
OBJECTIVES: Poor cardiorespiratory fitness (CRF) is associated with death from cancer. If follow-up time is short, this association may be confounded by subclinical disease already present at the time of CRF assessment. This study investigates the association between CRF and death from cancer and any cause with 42 years and 44 years of follow-up, respectively. SETTING, PARTICIPANTS AND MAIN OUTCOME MEASURES: Middle-aged, employed and cancer-free Danish men from the prospective Copenhagen Male Study, enrolled in 1970-1971, were included...
November 25, 2016: British Journal of Sports Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27881209/genetic-parameters-for-lameness-mastitis-and-dagginess-in-a-multi-breed-sheep-population
#10
A C O'Brien, N McHugh, E Wall, T Pabiou, K McDermott, S Randles, S Fair, D P Berry
The objective of the present study was to quantify the extent of genetic variation in three health-related traits namely dagginess, lameness and mastitis, in an Irish sheep population. Each of the health traits investigated pose substantial welfare implications as well as considerable economic costs to producers. Data were also available on four body-related traits, namely body condition score (BCS), live weight, muscle depth and fat depth. Animals were categorised as lambs (<365 days old) or ewes (⩾365 days old) and were analysed both separately and combined...
November 24, 2016: Animal: An International Journal of Animal Bioscience
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27873370/the-magnitude-of-change-in-the-fetal-cerebroplacental-ratio-in-the-third-trimester-and-the-risk-of-adverse-pregnancy-outcome
#11
Christopher Flatley, Ristan M Greer, Sailesh Kumar
OBJECTIVE: The primary aim of this study was to evaluate if the magnitude of change in the cerebro-placental ratio (CPR) after 30 weeks gestation was better predictive of adverse pregnancy outcome compared to a single measurement at 35-37 weeks. A secondary aim was to evaluate whether the utility of CPR measured at 35-37 weeks was enhanced after adjusting for the gestational change. METHODS: This was a retrospective cohort study of women who had had at least two ultrasound scans between 30-37 weeks gestation with the final scan taking place at 35-37 weeks...
November 22, 2016: Ultrasound in Obstetrics & Gynecology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27873024/p4%C3%A2-medicine-and-osteoporosis-a%C3%A2-systematic-review
#12
REVIEW
Klemen Kodrič, Klemen Čamernik, Darko Černe, Radko Komadina, Janja Marc
BACKGROUND: Osteoporosis is the most frequent bone metabolic disease. In order to improve early detection, prediction, prevention, diagnosis, and treatment of the disease, a new model of P4 medicine (personalized, predictive, preventive, and participatory medicine) could be applied. The aim of this work was to systematically review the publications of four different types of "omics" studies related to osteoporosis, in order to discover novel predictive, preventive, diagnostic, and therapeutic targets for better management of the geriatric population...
November 21, 2016: Wiener Klinische Wochenschrift
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27866655/prediction-of-cardiovascular-mortality-by-estimated-cardiorespiratory-fitness-independent-of-traditional-risk-factors-the-hunt-study
#13
Javaid Nauman, Bjarne M Nes, Carl J Lavie, Andrew S Jackson, Xuemei Sui, Jeff S Coombes, Steven N Blair, Ulrik Wisløff
OBJECTIVE: To assess the predictive value of estimated cardiorespiratory fitness (eCRF) and evaluate the additional contribution of traditional risk factors in cardiovascular disease (CVD) mortality prediction. PARTICIPANTS AND METHODS: The study included healthy men (n=18,721) and women (n=19,759) aged 30 to 74 years. A nonexercise algorithm estimated cardiorespiratory fitness. Cox proportional hazards models evaluated the primary (CVD mortality) and secondary (all-cause, ischemic heart disease, and stroke mortality) end points...
November 16, 2016: Mayo Clinic Proceedings
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27864090/prevalence-of-food-allergies-in-south-asia
#14
REVIEW
Schweta R Arakali, Todd D Green, Chitra Dinakar
OBJECTIVE: To evaluate the published medical literature on the prevalence and types of food allergies in South Asia. DATA SOURCES: A PubMed search was performed using the keywords India and food allergy, Asia and food allergy, and South Asia and food allergy for any period. Articles cited in selected studies were reviewed for their appropriateness of inclusion into this review. STUDY SELECTION: Publications were included that were original research and fit the topic of food allergy and South Asia...
November 15, 2016: Annals of Allergy, Asthma & Immunology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27863718/the-impact-of-immediate-breast-reconstruction-after-mastectomy-on-time-to-first-adjuvant-treatment-in-women-with-breast-cancer-in-a-community-setting
#15
L R Henry, L L Morris, R Downs, R E Schwarz
BACKGROUND: The impact of immediate breast reconstruction on the time to first adjuvant therapy is controversial. METHODS: Retrospective study design comparing time to first treatment in women undergoing mastectomy with and without immediate reconstruction in a community cancer center. RESULTS: Seventy-six cases fit inclusion criteria of which 44 (58%) underwent mastectomy with immediate reconstruction. Women undergoing immediate reconstruction were younger, had more bilateral mastectomies and had fewer prior breast procedures...
November 8, 2016: American Journal of Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27862440/fertility-of-angus-cross-beef-heifers-after-gnrh-treatment-on-day-23-and-timing-of-insemination-in-14-day-cidr-protocol
#16
R K Kasimanickam, J B Hall, W D Whittier
This study compared artificial insemination pregnancy rate (AI-PR) between 14-day CIDR-GnRH-PGF2α-GnRH and CIDR-PGF2α-GnRH synchronization protocol with two fixed AI times (56 or 72 hr after PGF2α). On day 0, heifers (n = 1311) from nine locations assigned body condition score (BCS: 1, emaciated; 9, obese), reproductive tract score (RTS: 1, immature, acyclic; 5, mature, cyclic) and temperament score (0, calm; and 1, excited) and fitted with a controlled internal drug release (CIDR, 1.38 g of progesterone) insert for 14 days...
November 14, 2016: Reproduction in Domestic Animals, Zuchthygiene
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27856953/door-to-imaging-time-for-acute-stroke-patients-is-adversely-affected-by-emergency-department-crowding
#17
Martin A Reznek, Evangelia Murray, Marguerite N Youngren, Natassia T Durham, Sean S Michael
BACKGROUND AND PURPOSE: National guidelines call for door-to-imaging time (DIT) within 25 minutes for suspected acute stroke patients. Studies examining factors that affect DIT have focused primarily on stroke-specific care processes and patient-specific factors. We hypothesized that emergency department (ED) crowding is associated with longer DIT. METHODS: We conducted a retrospective investigation of 1 year of consecutive patients in our prospective Code Stroke registry, which included all ED stroke team activations...
November 17, 2016: Stroke; a Journal of Cerebral Circulation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27856693/construction-of-lambda-mu-sigma-values-for-determining-mid-upper-arm-circumference-z-scores-in-u-s-children-aged-2-months-through-18-years
#18
Susan M Abdel-Rahman, Charlie Bi, Kristi Thaete
BACKGROUND: Mid-upper arm circumference (MUAC) has proven highly predictive of morbidity and mortality associated with malnutrition better, in some cases, than other growth indicators, including body mass index (BMI) z scores and weight-for-height z scores. A recent consensus statement recommended the inclusion of MUAC and MUAC z scores in the nutrition assessment of children in the United States; however, the requisite data to permit z score calculations for children aged >5 years have not been published...
November 17, 2016: Nutrition in Clinical Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27855719/an-illness-focused-interactive-booklet-to-optimise-management-and-medication-for-childhood-fever-and-infections-in-out-of-hours-primary-care-study-protocol-for-a-cluster-randomised-trial
#19
Eefje G P M de Bont, Geert-Jan Dinant, Gijs Elshout, Gijs van Well, Nick A Francis, Bjorn Winkens, Jochen W L Cals
BACKGROUND: Fever is the most common reason for a child to be taken to a general practitioner (GP), especially during out-of-hours care. It is mostly caused by self-limiting infections. However, antibiotic prescription rates remain high, especially during out-of-hours care. Anxiety and lack of knowledge among parents, and perceived pressure to prescribe antibiotics amongst GPs, are important determinants of excessive antibiotic prescriptions. An illness-focused interactive booklet has the potential to improve this by providing parents with information about fever self-management strategies...
November 17, 2016: Trials
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27848757/results-from-the-republic-of-slovenia-s-2016-report-card-on-physical-activity-for-children-and-youth
#20
Vedrana Sember, Gregor Starc, Gregor Jurak, Mojca Golobič, Marjeta Kovač, Poljanka Pavletič Samardžija, Shawnda A Morrison
BACKGROUND: This is the first assessment of the Republic of Slovenia's efforts to synthesize and report physical activity (PA) standards for children and youth following the Active Healthy Kids Global Alliance grading system model. METHODS: The Republic of Slovenia Report Card relies on research findings published in peer-reviewed journals, data compiled from national databases, and government initiatives which have been monitoring physical fitness standards in schools for the past 34 years (SLOfit and ACDSi)...
November 2016: Journal of Physical Activity & Health
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