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Cosmetic procedures

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29140100/lip-repositioning-technique-with-smile-elevator-muscle-containment-a-novel-cosmetic-approach-for-gummy-smile-case-report
#1
Gustavo Javier Salazar Littuma, Humberto Cherem Mendez de Souza, Gabriella Mercedes Peñarrieta, Ricardo de Souza Magini, Eduardo Saba-Chujfi
Excessive gingival display (EGD) is a challenge for dentists attempting to provide their patients a pleasant smile. EGD associated with hyperactivity of the smile elevator muscles can be treated with various surgical techniques; regardless of which technique is used, to achieve a predictable result with long-term stability limiting upper lip movement when the patient smiles, a firm muscle containment is imperative. This report describes an innovative suture procedure associated with a lip repositioning technique aimed at maintaining the traction and containment of the smile elevator muscles...
November 2017: Compendium of Continuing Education in Dentistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29136056/ideals-of-facial-beauty
#2
Peter W Hashim, John K Nia, Mark Taliercio, Gary Goldenberg
Facial aesthetic procedures are central to cosmetic dermatology. Success depends not only on improving individual structures but also on establishing facial harmony. Several canons of aesthetic dimensions have been described, and these concepts can provide a useful basis for procedural planning. Here, we review aesthetic facial measurements and proportions as well as the variations that may occur in different ethnic groups and the changes that develop with age.
October 2017: Cutis; Cutaneous Medicine for the Practitioner
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29134167/postoperative-imaging-findings-associated-with-transpalpebral-craniotomy-approach-to-anterior-cranial-fossa
#3
Dennis Monks, Allison Weyer, Peter Thurlow, Khaled Aziz, Erik Happ, Michael Goldberg
Background and Purpose  The transpalpebral "eyelid" approach is a novel alternative to the traditional ciliary or supraciliary incision for supraorbital frontal craniotomy and access to the anterior cranial fossa. Though a prior publication from our institution has described the surgical approach in detail along with cosmetic and clinical outcomes, postoperative imaging findings have not yet been described. As this surgical technique becomes more widely practiced, it is essential for neuroradiologists, oculoplastic surgeons, and skull base neurosurgeons to be familiar with the expected postoperative imaging findings, especially those that prompt subsequent intervention...
December 2017: Journal of Neurological Surgery. Part B, Skull Base
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29131778/adventures-and-misadventures-in-plastic-surgery-and-soft-tissue-implants
#4
Dana J Lin, Tony T Wong, Gina A Ciavarra, Jonathan K Kazam
Soft-tissue augmentation and implants are increasingly seen by the radiologist as more techniques emerge for a variety of indications and locations. Some surgical and implant procedures are performed for purely cosmetic reasons in otherwise healthy patients seeking to improve their body image, and some are performed for reconstruction after cancer or other chronic illnesses. Abdominoplasty, liposuction, and autologous fat grafting can be performed for abdominal and gluteal contouring. Injection of liquid injectable silicone has historically been fraught with legal issues, although it continues to be used for augmentation in a variety of anatomic locations...
November 2017: Radiographics: a Review Publication of the Radiological Society of North America, Inc
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29130598/filling-the-periorbital-hollows-with-hyaluronic-acid-gel-long-term-review-of-outcomes-and-complications
#5
Hamzah Mustak, Danica Fiaschetti, Robert Alan Goldberg
INTRODUCTION: Hyaluronic acid gel has been used for rejuvenation of the periorbital tissues since 2004. The in-office, nonsurgical procedural nature has resulted in the growing popularity of the use of fillers. The periorbital region poses unique challenges to the cosmetic surgeon. Malar edema, blue-gray dyschromia, and contour irregularities are well reported short-term complications. We present a long-term follow-up review of complications associated with periocular injection of hyaluronic acid gel fillers...
November 11, 2017: Journal of Cosmetic Dermatology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29129378/transvaginal-natural-orifice-transluminal-endoscopic-surgery-a%C3%A2-new-approach-to-myomectomy
#6
Jan Baekelandt
OBJECTIVE: To demonstrate a new approach for performing a myomectomy via transvaginal natural-orifice transluminal endoscopic surgery (vNOTES) as an alternative to laparoscopic myomectomy. DESIGN: Stepwise explanation of the technique with the use of original video footage. SETTING: Hospital. PATIENT(S): Eight patients were treated transvaginally for intramural, subserosal, and pedunculated myomas. INTERVENTION(S): In case of a posterior myoma, a 2...
November 9, 2017: Fertility and Sterility
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29129015/melanoma-inhibition-by-anthocyanins-is-associated-with-the-reduction-of-oxidative-stress-biomarkers-and-changes-in-mitochondrial-membrane-potential
#7
Zoriţa Diaconeasa, Huseyin Ayvaz, Dumitriţa Ruginǎ, Loredana Leopold, Andreea Stǎnilǎ, Carmen Socaciu, Flaviu Tăbăran, Lavinia Luput, Diana Carla Mada, Adela Pintea, Andrew Jefferson
Anthocyanins are water soluble pigments which have been proved to exhibit health benefits. Several studies have investigated their effects on several types of cancer, but little attention has been given to melanoma. The phytochemical content of nine different berry samples was assessed by liquid chromatography followed by electrospray ionization mass spectrometry (LC-ESI(+)-MS). Twenty-six anthocyanins were identified, after a previous C18 Sep-pak clean-up procedure. Chokeberry and red grape anthocyanins rich extracts (C-ARE and RG-ARE) were selected to be tested on normal and melanoma cell lines, due to their different chemical pattern...
November 11, 2017: Plant Foods for Human Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29128572/mitral-valve-repair-robotic-and-other-minimally-invasive-approaches
#8
REVIEW
Mateo Marin Cuartas, Hoda Javadikasgari, Bettina Pfannmueller, Joerg Seeburger, A Marc Gillinov, Rakesh M Suri, Michael A Borger
Robotic and minimally invasive mitral valve (MV) procedures have been performed with increasing frequency over time. These alternatives offer similar efficacy to that achieved via standard median sternotomy, particularly in large volume centers, along with low perioperative morbidity and mortality rates. Moreover, patient acceptance is oftentimes increased due to less postoperative pain and shorter recovery times, as well as superior cosmetic results. However, these techniques are technically complex and associated with a significant learning curve...
November 8, 2017: Progress in Cardiovascular Diseases
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29128093/miniaturized-matrix-solid-phase-dispersion-followed-by-liquid-chromatography-tandem-mass-spectrometry-for-the-quantification-of-synthetic-dyes-in-cosmetics-and-foodstuffs-used-or-consumed-by-children
#9
Eugenia Guerra, Maria Llompart, Carmen Garcia-Jares
Miniaturized matrix solid-phase dispersion (MSPD) followed by liquid chromatography tandem mass spectrometry (LC-MS/MS) has been proposed for the simultaneous analysis of different classes of synthetic dyes in confectionery and cosmetics intended for or mostly consumed by children. Selected compounds include most of the permitted dyes as food additives as well as some of the most frequently used to color cosmetic products in accordance with the respective European directives. MSPD procedure was optimized by means of experimental design, allowing an effective, rapid and simple extraction of dyes with low sample and reagents consumption (0...
October 27, 2017: Journal of Chromatography. A
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29126084/a-simple-and-highly-selective-molecular-imprinting-polymer-based-methodology-for-propylparaben-monitoring-in-personal-care-products-and-industrial-waste-waters
#10
Ana Vicario, Leslie Aragón, Chien C Wang, Franco Bertolino, María R Gomez
In this work, a novel molecularly imprinted polymer (MIP) proposed as solid phase extraction sorbent was developed for the determination of propylparaben (PP) in diverse cosmetic samples. The use of parabens (PAs) is authorized by regulatory agencies as microbiological preservative; however, recently several studies claim that large-scale use of these preservatives can be a potential health risk and harmful to the environment. Diverse factors that influence on polymer synthesis were studied, including template, functional monomer, porogen and crosslinker used...
November 4, 2017: Journal of Pharmaceutical and Biomedical Analysis
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29122899/congenital-pseudarthrosis-of-the-clavicle-treated-by-masquelet-technique
#11
Hicham Abdellaoui, Karima Atarraf, Lamiae Chater, My Abderahmane Afifi
Congenital pseudarthrosis of the clavicle (CPC) is a very rare pathology of which over 200 cases have been reported. Usually discovered during the first months of life, CPC is characterised by a definitive bone defect in the middle third of the clavicle. Generally asymptomatic, the pseudarthrosis of the clavicle can cause aesthetic issues and functional symptoms indicating a surgical repair. Different reconstruction techniques have been reported with various complications. We present a 14-year-old boy diagnosed with CPC and concerned about the cosmetic aspect of a swelling of his right clavicle...
November 8, 2017: BMJ Case Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29121782/imaging-in-cutaneous-surgery
#12
Amanda Levine, Daniel Siegel, Orit Markowitz
Skin cancer is the most commonly diagnosed cancer in the USA. Mohs micrographic surgery is a microscopically controlled surgical technique that excises lateral and deep surgical margins while also sparing function and achieving a good cosmetic outcome. Given the increasing incidence in skin cancer worldwide and its associated treatment costs, techniques are being developed to improve the time and cost efficacy of this procedure. The use of noninvasive imaging, both in vivo and ex vivo, has the potential to increase efficiency of diagnosis and surgical management of skin cancers...
November 10, 2017: Future Oncology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29121140/complications-of-cosmetic-eye-whitening
#13
Ann Q Tran, Catherine Hoppener, Nandini Venkateswaran, Daniel S Choi, Wendy W Lee
Introduced in 2008 and subsequently popularized in South Korea, cosmetic eye whitening has been offered as a treatment of chronic conjunctival hyperemia. Patients undergo conjunctivectomy with topical mitomycin C (MMC) 0.02% application to achieve a whitened appearance from bleaching of avascular sclera. Much speculation has arisen from this procedure given the limited available evidence on its efficacy and safety. A literature search was performed to review common complications of cosmetic eye whitening, including chronic conjunctival epithelial defects, scleral thinning, avascular zones in the sclera, dry eye syndrome, and diplopia requiring strabismus surgery...
September 2017: Cutis; Cutaneous Medicine for the Practitioner
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29118500/iridoplasty-of-fixed-dilated-pupil-urrets-zavalia-syndrome-after-deep-anterior-lamellar-keratoplasty
#14
Efthalia Ntora, Nikolaos Ziakas
A 38-year-old woman with advanced keratoconus initially developed Urrets-Zavalia Syndrome (UZS) in the left eye after deep anterior lamellar keratoplasty. During the uneventful surgery, a 7-mm-wide pupil unresponsive to light was noticed. On the first postoperative day, intraocular pressure (IOP) was elevated up to 45 mmHg with shallow anterior chamber (AC). A peripheral iridotomy in 2 o'clock position was conducted and a fixed combination of brinzolamide 1% and timolol 0.5% was administered topically. In the subsequent postoperative period, IOP was successfully reduced, but the patient reported severe photophobia, glare, and decreased vision...
September 2017: Oman Journal of Ophthalmology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29117294/computer-assisted-planning-and-3d-printing-assisted-modeling-for-chin-augmentation
#15
Po-Chuan Chang
Background: Patients are frequently not satisfied with the outcome of chin augmentation. Objectives: We report the use of three-dimensional (3D) imaging and printing to design custom fit porous polyethylene chin implants. Methods: Patients requesting chin augmentation received 3D computed tomography (CT) imaging of the facial area. Patients could select the chin contour they desired by viewing 3D images of their face and chin. A 3D mandible replicate was printed from the CT data, and used to sculpt the inner surface of the implant to match the shape of the mandible, and the outer surface to match the contour the patient desired...
May 30, 2017: Aesthetic Surgery Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29117293/patient-satisfaction-with-an-early-smartphone-based-cosmetic-surgery-postoperative-follow-up
#16
Edoardo Dalla Pozza, Gehaan F D'Souza, Anthony DeLeonibus, Brianna Fabiani, Bahar Bassiri Gharb, James E Zins
Background: While prevalent in everyday life, smartphones are also finding increasing use as a medical care adjunct. The use of smartphone technology as a postoperative cosmetic surgery adjunct for care has received little attention in the literature. Objectives: The purpose of this effort was to assess the potential efficacy of a smartphone-based cosmetic surgery early postoperative follow-up program. Specifically, could smartphone photography provided by the patient to the plastic surgeon in the first few days after surgery allay patient's concerns, improve the postoperative experience and, possibly, detect early complications? Methods: From August 2015 to March 2016 a smartphone-based postoperative protocol was established for patients undergoing cosmetic procedures...
June 1, 2017: Aesthetic Surgery Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29110125/-laser-assisted-blepharoplasty
#17
REVIEW
R Thiesmann
Blepharoplasty is one of the most frequently performed plastic cosmetic interventions. For this purpose the CO2 laser is an instrument that can be used as a laser scalpel to cut as well as in its ablative function to remove skin irregularities, such as scars and tumors and also to treat changes of the skin due to aging. Fractionated laser irradiation reduces the duration of skin redness and the postoperative rehabilitation time after a resurfacing. The advantages of the CO2 laser are a gentle intraoperative preparation and less postoperative swelling due to an additional cauterization of blood vessels...
November 6, 2017: Der Ophthalmologe: Zeitschrift der Deutschen Ophthalmologischen Gesellschaft
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29108870/is-two-port-laparoendoscopic-single-site-surgery-t-less-feasible-for-pediatric-hydroceles-single-center-experience-with-the-initial-59-cases
#18
Furan Wang, Tiejun Shou, Hongji Zhong
INTRODUCTION: Although T-LESS is increasingly being used to treat pediatric inguinal hernia, there is no study regarding T-LESS for pediatric hydrocele. OBJECTIVE: To further evaluate the feasibility of T-LESS and present our single-center experience for repair of pediatric hydroceles. STUDY DESIGN: From January 2016 to July 2016, all boys undergoing T-LESS for hydrocele in our institute were retrospectively reviewed. A laparoscope and a needle-holding forceps were introduced at umbilicus...
October 16, 2017: Journal of Pediatric Urology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29108550/liposuction-considerations-in-men
#19
REVIEW
Cheryl Karcher
Liposuction is the most popular cosmetic surgical procedure performed in men. Aside from traditional liposuction using the tumescent technique, several energy-assisted liposuction technologies have emerged and been proven safe and particularly beneficial for the male patient demographic. The differences in fat distribution and unique goals and emotional perspective in men need to be taken into account when performing liposuction, to ensure meeting the patient's needs and expectations for satisfactory results...
January 2018: Dermatologic Clinics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29108549/combination-therapy-for-male-cosmetic-patients
#20
REVIEW
Michael H Gold
This article reviews the most common male cosmetic procedures that are performed in combination with more than one procedure. Evidence-based medicine for many of these combination therapies is not rampant in the medical literature, but the author uses his current experience to share how combining therapies can be useful for our male population seeking cosmetic improvements in our offices.
January 2018: Dermatologic Clinics
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