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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28514458/effect-of-expedited-microneedle-assisted-photodynamic-therapy-for-field-treatment-of-actinic-keratoses-a-randomized-clinical-trial
#1
Tatyana A Petukhova, Lauren A Hassoun, Negar Foolad, Mayanka Barath, Raja K Sivamani
Importance: Photodynamic therapy (PDT) is an effective and cosmetically favorable treatment modality for actinic keratoses (AKs). However, prolonged incubation times and pain associated with treatment are burdensome to the patient and a hindrance to widespread use of PDT as standard field therapy for AK. Objective: To evaluate efficacy and pain associated with microneedle expedited PDT. Design, Setting, and Participants: The Microneedle Photodynamic Therapy II (MNPDT-II) study was a randomized, single-blinded, split-face controlled, 2-arm clinical trial...
May 17, 2017: JAMA Dermatology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28511511/health-related-quality-of-life-of-persons-after-rhinoplasty-a-longitudinal-study-among-iranian-population
#2
Kazem Hosseinzadeh, Hamid Hamadzadeh, Mansour Khorasani, Maryam Jamshidi
INTRODUCTION: Despite the growing number of cosmetic rhinoplasty surgeries in Iran in recent years, there is little information about the effects of this procedure on the subjects' Quality of Life (QoL). This study examined the QoL after rhinoplasty in subjects without nasal obstruction, who wanted the surgery for aesthetic reasons, three and six months postoperatively. AIM: The aim of this study was to assess the changes of QoL in clients who take rhinoplasty. MATERIALS AND METHODS: This was a prospective study conducted in Tehran, Iran...
March 2017: Journal of Clinical and Diagnostic Research: JCDR
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28511445/neoumbilicoplasty-in-a-laparoscopic-port-site-description-of-a-new-technique-and-review-of-literature
#3
Aravind Menon, Alagesan Ganapathi
The umbilicus contributes significantly to the cosmetic appearance of the abdomen especially in women. Loss of umbilicus may result not only in cosmetic disfigurement but also in significant psychological effects. Omphalectomy may accompany certain surgical procedures like ventral hernia repairs and abdominoplasty. For such patients, many techniques have been described by various authors in literature for creation of a neoumbilicus for good cosmetic appearance. In this report, we describe how a laparoscopic port site was utilized to create a neoumbilicus in a patient who required omphalectomy as a part of large umbilical hernia repair...
March 2017: Journal of Clinical and Diagnostic Research: JCDR
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28511421/surgical-outcome-of-epicanthus-and-telecanthus-correction-by-double-z-plasty-and-trans-nasal-fixation-with-prolene-suture-in-blepharophimosis-syndrome
#4
Salil Kumar Mandal, Aparna Mandal, James Christian Fleming, Tara Goecks, Andrew Meador, Brian T Fowler
INTRODUCTION: Blepharophimosis Syndrome (BPES) is a complex and rare disease characterized by epicanthus inversus, telecanthus, lateral ectropion, narrowed or shortened inter-palpebral fissure distance and ptosis. It is mostly bilateral and may or may not be symmetrical. It is typically inherited as an autosomal dominant trait. In sporadic cases, the disease may occur without a prior family history as a genetic mutation from a deletion or translocation of the FOXL2 gene, which maps to chromosome 3q23...
March 2017: Journal of Clinical and Diagnostic Research: JCDR
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28509524/eradication-of-basal-cell-carcinoma-of-the-head-and-neck-using-the-surgical-excision-with-a-new-stained-margin-technique-a-preliminary-study
#5
Melissa Celasco, Elisa Zavattaro, Federica Veronese, Paolo Boggio, Daniele Bonvini, Giorgio Leigheb, Guido Valente, Enrico Colombo
BACKGROUND: Basal Cell Carcinomas (BCCs) are common cutaneous neoplasms that mainly affect fair-skinned subjects, in sun-exposed areas of the body. The treatment of choice of BCCs is represented by surgical excision and different techniques are available, in order to allow the complete eradication of the tumour with the best cosmetic results. In this paper we describe the Surgical Excision with Stained Margin Technique (SMET) and we report its efficacy for the treatment of BCCs of the head and neck region...
May 16, 2017: Giornale Italiano di Dermatologia e Venereologia: Organo Ufficiale, Società Italiana di Dermatologia e Sifilografia
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28509518/the-dental-public-health-implications-of-cosmetic-dentistry-a-scoping-review-of-the-literature
#6
J Doughty, R Lala, Z Marshman
INTRODUCTION: The popularity of cosmetic surgery has seen a rapid increase recently, with the trend mirrored in dentistry. The Department of Health expressed concerns about the potential for biological and psychosocial harm of these cosmetic procedures. Furthermore, the dental public health implications (DPH) of the growing uptake of cosmetic dental procedures have not been explored. OBJECTIVES: Conduct a scoping review to explore the DPH implications of cosmetic dentistry and identify gaps for future research...
September 2016: Community Dental Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28506836/a-comprehensive-review-of-metal-induced-cellular-transformation-studies
#7
Qiao Yi Chen, Max Costa
In vitro transformation assays not only serve practical purposes in screening for potential carcinogenic substances in food, drug, and cosmetic industries, but more importantly, they provide a means of understanding the critical biological processes behind in vivo cancer development. In resemblance to cancer cells in vivo, successfully transformed cells display loss of contact inhibition, gain of anchorage independent growth, resistant to proper cell cycle regulation such as apoptosis, faster proliferation rate, potential for cellular invasion, and ability to form tumors in experimental animals...
May 12, 2017: Toxicology and Applied Pharmacology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28506235/single-staged-uniportal-vats-in-the-supine-position-for-simultaneous-bilateral-primary-spontaneous-pneumothorax
#8
Kyung Soo Kim
BACKGROUND: Simultaneous bilateral primary spontaneous pneumothorax (SBPSP) is rare, but requires surgery on both sides, in patients with definite bilateral bullae to prevent life-threatening conditions. Recently, uniportal video-assisted thoracoscopic surgery (VATS) has been widely accepted as a less invasive technique for the treatment of pneumothorax. Thus, we introduced single-staged uniportal VATS technique in the supine position, for the management of two cases of SBPSP. CASE PRESENTATION: A 17-year-old boy presented with bilateral spontaneous pneumothorax and he underwent single-staged uniportal VATS in the supine position...
May 15, 2017: Journal of Cardiothoracic Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28504986/cosmetic-bone-contouring
#9
Regina Rodman
PURPOSE OF REVIEW: In recent years, cosmetic bone contouring surgery has become increasingly popular, especially in East Asian countries. These procedures are also being requested by patients in the United States at an increasing rate. The purpose of this study is to provide an overview of what is involved with these procedures and their potential complications. RECENT FINDINGS: In some cultures, a wide jaw and a square face are aesthetically unpleasing, whereas an ovoid or 'melon seed face' is thought to be feminine, delicate and beautiful...
May 12, 2017: Current Opinion in Otolaryngology & Head and Neck Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28504874/cranioplasty-with-adipose-derived-stem-cells-beta-tricalcium-phosphate-granules-and-supporting-mesh-six-year-clinical-follow-up-results
#10
Tuomo Thesleff, Kai Lehtimäki, Tero Niskakangas, Sanna Huovinen, Bettina Mannerström, Susanna Miettinen, Riitta Seppänen-Kaijansinkko, Juha Öhman
Several alternative techniques exist to reconstruct skull defects. The complication rate of the cranioplasty procedure is high and the search for optimal materials and techniques continues. To report long-term results of patients who have received a cranioplasty using autologous adipose-derived stem cells (ASCs) seeded on beta-tricalcium phosphate (betaTCP) granules. Between 10/2008 and 3/2010, five cranioplasties were performed (four females, one male; average age 62.0 years) using ASCs, betaTCP granules and titanium or resorbable meshes...
May 15, 2017: Stem Cells Translational Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28502882/single-incision-endoscopic-thyroidectomy-for-papillary-thyroid-cancer-a-pilot-study
#11
Jinbeom Cho, Yohan Park, Jongmin Baek, Kiyoung Sung
BACKGROUND: Recently, we have reported single incision endoscopic thyroidectomy using an axillary approach with gas inflation (SIET) in cases with benign thyroid tumors to reduce post-operative pain and invasiveness of the conventional endoscopic thyroidectomy. The aim of this study was to present our experiences with SIET for papillary thyroid cancer (PTC). METHODS: Patients who were diagnosed with histologically papillary thyroid carcinoma (≤1 cm) with single, unilateral, and intra-thyroidal lesion and without clinical lymph node metastasis were included...
May 11, 2017: International Journal of Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28501462/ray-resection-in-paediatric-population
#12
S Martínez-Álvarez, A Maldonado-Morillo, I Vara-Patudo, C Martínez-González, C Miranda-Gorozarri
AIM: Evaluation of clinical and functional outcome of ray resection in paediatric population and description of key aspects of surgical technique. MATERIAL AND METHODS: We performed a retrospective review of all patients undergoing surgery between 2010-2015. INCLUSION CRITERIA: one or more ray resections of the hand and a minimum of one year follow-up. Evaluation of clinical characteristics, functional and cosmetic results, complications, need for psychological support and patient or family satisfaction...
May 10, 2017: Revista Española de Cirugía Ortopédica y Traumatología
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28498204/asds-guidelines-task-force-consensus-recommendations-regarding-the-safety-of-lasers-dermabrasion-chemical-peels-energy-devices-and-skin-surgery-during-and-after-isotretinoin-use
#13
Abigail Waldman, Diana Bolotin, Kenneth A Arndt, Jeffrey S Dover, Roy G Geronemus, Anne Chapas, Sanjana Iyengar, Suzanne L Kilmer, Andrew C Krakowski, Naomi Lawrence, Heidi B Prather, Thomas E Rohrer, Bethanee J Schlosser, John Y S Kim, Peter R Shumaker, Leah K Spring, Murad Alam
BACKGROUND: Currently, the isotretinoin (13-cis-retinoic acid) package insert contains language advising the discontinuation of isotretinoin for 6 months before performing cosmetic procedures, including waxing, dermabrasion, chemical peels, laser procedures, or incisional and excisional cold-steel surgery. It is common practice to follow this standard because of concerns regarding reports of sporadic adverse events and increased risk of scarring. OBJECTIVE: To develop expert consensus regarding the safety of skin procedures, including resurfacing, energy device treatments, and incisional and excisional procedures, in the setting of concurrent or recent isotretinoin use...
May 10, 2017: Dermatologic Surgery: Official Publication for American Society for Dermatologic Surgery [et Al.]
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28497163/-alternative-approaches-in-thyroid-surgery
#14
E Maurer, S Wächter, D K Bartsch
In thyroid surgery multiple different cervical minimally invasive (partly endoscopically assisted) and extracervical endoscopic (partly robot-assisted) approaches have been developed in the last 20 years. The aim of all these alternative approaches to the thyroid gland is optimization of the cosmetic result. The indications for the use of alternative and conventional approaches are principally the same. Important requirements for the use of alternative methods are nevertheless a broad experience in conventional thyroid operations of the thyroid and adequate patient selection under consideration of the size of the thyroid and the underlying pathology...
May 11, 2017: Der Chirurg; Zeitschrift Für Alle Gebiete der Operativen Medizen
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28495506/use-of-bipedicled-dorsal-penile-flap-with-z-release-incision-a-new-option-in-redo-hypospadias-surgery
#15
Hazem Elmoghazy
OBJECTIVES: To solve the challenge in redo hypospadias surgery; we tried the use of bipedicled dorsal penile flap with Z release incision in failed hypospadias cases and reported the outcome. MATERIAL AND METHODS: Thirty male children with 3 or 4 previous unsuccessful hypospadias surgeries were included in our study. Our technique was done after at least 6 month from the last surgery. A flap of the dorsal penile skin is preserved and the skin lateral is dissected on each side...
May 8, 2017: Urology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28494111/evaluation-of-indicated-non-cosmetic-panniculectomy-at-time-of-gynecologic-surgery
#16
Ryan W Rasmussen, Jay R Patibandla, Michael P Hopkins
OBJECTIVE: To report postoperative outcomes among patients undergoing indicated non-cosmetic panniculectomy at the time of gynecologic surgery. METHODS: Medical charts were retrospectively reviewed for patients who underwent panniculectomy coupled with gynecologic surgery at a university-affiliated hospital in the USA in 1990-2014. The data reviewed included age, body mass index (BMI, calculated as weight in kilograms divided by the square of height in meters), surgical procedure, estimated blood loss, pathology, wound complication, diabetes, hypertension, smoking, and readmission rate...
May 11, 2017: International Journal of Gynaecology and Obstetrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28492048/a-review-of-the-safety-of-cosmetic-procedures-during-pregnancy-and-lactation
#17
REVIEW
M K Trivedi, G Kroumpouzos, J E Murase
The safety of cosmetic procedures in patients who are pregnant and/or lactating is a complex clinical question surrounded by uncertainty. Our objective is to consolidate data on the safety of commonly requested cosmetic procedures during pregnancy and lactation after a systematic review of the current literature to guide evidence-based care in the future. A systematic search of the PubMed database was conducted for articles on cosmetic procedures during pregnancy and lactation. Due to a lack of controlled trials, case reports and series were considered...
March 2017: International Journal of Women's Dermatology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28484787/-minilaparoscopy-with-5%C3%A2-mm-optics-and-3%C3%A2-mm-trocars
#18
REVIEW
J Schmidt
Minilaparoscopy was introduced already 20 years ago. In spite of reduced diameter, technical performance of modern trocars and instruments has improved substantially. While carrying out a minilaparoscopic procedure, the required position of the trocars and the surgical strategy remain the same. The most important step towards minilaparoscopy is reduction of the diameter of the laparoscopes from 10 to 5 mm. The 5 mm laparoscopes show high resolution and transport enough energy to properly illuminate the surgical field...
May 8, 2017: Der Chirurg; Zeitschrift Für Alle Gebiete der Operativen Medizen
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28481477/evaluation-of-the-effectiveness-of-the-prepectoral-breast-reconstruction-with-braxon-dermal-matrix-first-multicenter-european-report-on-100-cases
#19
Raghavan Vidya, Jaume Masià, Simon Cawthorn, Giorgio Berna, Fernando Bozza, Alexander Gardetto, Agnieszka Kołacińska, Francesco Dell'Antonia, Cesare Tiengo, Franco Bassetto, Glenda G Caputo, Maurizio Governa
We report the outcomes of the European prospective study on prepectoral breast reconstruction using preshaped acellular dermal matrix for complete breast implant coverage. Seventy-nine patients were enrolled between April 2014 and August 2015 all over Europe using a single protocol for patient selection and surgical procedure, according to the Association of Breast Surgery and British Association of Plastic Reconstructive and Aesthetic Surgeons joint guidelines for the use of acellular dermal matrix in breast surgery...
May 8, 2017: Breast Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28476503/antioxidant-potential-of-mulberry-and-non-mulberry-silk-sericin-and-its-implications-in-biomedicine
#20
Jadi Praveen Kumar, Biman B Mandal
Sericin, a principal constituent of silk, is widely used in various biomedical applications. In addition, conferring protection against free radicals and oxidative damage add more value to its therapeutic potential. However, the antioxidant (AO) properties of silk sericin (SS) remains contingent on extraction procedures. In the present study, we have evaluated the effect of different extraction methods (conventional, autoclaving, urea, alkali and acid-degradation) on AO properties of SS from three Indian silk varieties [Antheraea assamensis (AA), Philosamia ricini (PR) and Bombyx mori (BM)]...
May 2, 2017: Free Radical Biology & Medicine
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