Read by QxMD icon Read

Fatty degeneration

Kazushi Yamamoto, Yui Iwagaki, Kouichi Watanabe, Tomonori Nochi, Hisashi Aso, Tsuyoshi Tsuduki
OBJECTIVES: We examined a moderate-fat (MF) diet that is enriched with fish oil (FO) and assessed whether lipid absorption was inhibited in senescence-accelerated prone mice (SAM-P8). METHODS: All mice (N = 70) were fed a normal diet that contained 4 g soybean oil/100 g of diet for 6 mo and then divided the mice into four groups (n = 10 or 20/group). Mice in the baseline group were euthanized at 6 mo old, those in the control group continued on a normal diet until 15 mo of age, those in the MF diet group switched to an MF diet (8 g soybean oil/100 g of diet) until 15 mo of age, and those in the MF + FO group switched to an MF diet that was enriched with FO (6...
December 2, 2017: Nutrition
Sandrina Nunes, Dalila Alves, Patrícia Barreto, Miguel Raimundo, Maria da Luz Cachulo, Cláudia Farinha, Inês Laíns, João Rodrigues, Carlos Almeida, Luísa Ribeiro, João Figueira, Lelita Santos, Rufino Silva
OBJECTIVES: This study aimed to characterize the association of lifestyle and nutritional risk profiles with age-related macular degeneration (AMD) in two subpopulations with differing AMD prevalence. METHODS: This case-control study (n = 1992) included 768 patients with AMD and 1224 age- and sex-matched participants without AMD with a single visit at a primary health care unit. Enrolled participants completed a validated lifestyle and food frequency questionnaire...
March 13, 2018: Nutrition
Phoebe Lin
PURPOSE OF REVIEW: The intestinal commensal microbiota are important in shaping immune cell repertoire and are influenced by host genetics. Because of this intricate interaction, an intestinal dysbiosis has been associated with multiple immune-mediated polygenic diseases. This review summarizes the literature on how alterations in the intestinal microbiota contribute to immune-mediated ocular disease, and how to potentially target the gut microbiome for therapeutic benefit. RECENT FINDINGS: Several groups have demonstrated the importance of the intestinal microbiome in uveitis pathogenesis...
March 13, 2018: Current Opinion in Ophthalmology
F Andrea Sass, Michael Fuchs, Matthias Pumberger, Sven Geissler, Georg N Duda, Carsten Perka, Katharina Schmidt-Bleek
Soft tissue trauma of skeletal muscle is one of the most common side effects in surgery. Muscle injuries are not only caused by accident-related injuries but can also be of an iatrogenic nature as they occur during surgical interventions when the anatomical region of interest is exposed. If the extent of trauma surpasses the intrinsic regenerative capacities, signs of fatty degeneration and formation of fibrotic scar tissue can occur, and, consequentially, muscle function deteriorates or is diminished. Despite research efforts to investigate the physiological healing cascade following trauma, our understanding of the early onset of healing and how it potentially determines success or failure is still only fragmentary...
March 13, 2018: International Journal of Molecular Sciences
Riccardo Natoli, Nilisha Fernando, Tess Dahlenburg, Haihan Jiao, Riemke Aggio-Bruce, Nigel L Barnett, Juan Manuel Chao de la Barca, Guillaume Tcherkez, Pascal Reynier, Johnny Fang, Joshua A Chu-Tan, Krisztina Valter, Jan Provis, Matt Rutar
Purpose: Systemic increases in reactive oxygen species, and their association with inflammation, have been proposed as an underlying mechanism linking obesity and age-related macular degeneration (AMD). Studies have found increased levels of oxidative stress biomarkers and inflammatory cytokines in obese individuals; however, the correlation between obesity and retinal inflammation has yet to be assessed. We used the leptin-deficient (ob/ob) mouse to further our understanding of the contribution of obesity to retinal oxidative stress and inflammation...
2018: Molecular Vision
Daniela Mendes, Maria Manuel Oliveira, Paula I Moreira, João Coutinho, Fernando M Nunes, David M Pereira, Patrícia Valentão, Paula B Andrade, Romeu A Videira
The development of effective medicines to break or delay the progressive brain degeneration underlying cognitive decline and dementia that characterize Alzheimer's disease (AD) is one of the greatest challenges of our time. In the present work, a selective pool of polyphenols, obtained from the white wine by adsorption to polyvinylpyrrolidone polymer (PVPP), was used to prepare a polyphenols-enriched diet, supplementing the drinking water with 100 mg/L (expressed as gallic acid equivalent) of wine polyphenolic extract...
February 10, 2018: Journal of Nutritional Biochemistry
Spencer E Szczesny, Céline Aeppli, Alexander David, Robert L Mauck
Fatigue loading is a primary cause of tendon degeneration, which is characterized by the disruption of collagen fibers and the appearance of abnormal (e.g., cartilaginous, fatty, calcified) tissue deposits. The formation of such abnormal deposits, which further weakens the tissue, suggests that resident tendon cells acquire an aberrant phenotype in response to fatigue damage and the resulting altered mechanical microenvironment. While fatigue loading produces clear changes in collagen organization and molecular denaturation, no data exist regarding the effect of fatigue on the local tissue mechanical properties...
February 21, 2018: Journal of Biomechanics
Massimo Dal Monte, Maurizio Cammalleri, Filippo Locri, Rosario Amato, Stefania Marsili, Dario Rusciano, Paola Bagnoli
Optic neuritis is an acute inflammatory demyelinating disorder of the optic nerve (ON) and is an initial symptom of multiple sclerosis (MS). Optic neuritis is characterized by ON degeneration and retinal ganglion cell (RGC) loss that contributes to permanent visual disability and lacks a reliable treatment. Here, we used the experimental autoimmune encephalomyelitis (EAE) mouse model of MS, a well-established model also for optic neuritis. In this model, C57BL6 mice, intraperitoneally injected with a fragment of the myelin oligodendrocyte glycoprotein (MOG), were found to develop inflammation, Müller cell gliosis, and infiltration of macrophages with increased production of oncomodulin (OCM), a calcium binding protein that acts as an atypical trophic factor for neurons enabling RGC axon regeneration...
March 8, 2018: Nutrients
Mahmoud Abd-Elkareem, Nasser S Abou Khalil, Alaa H Sayed
4-Nonylphenol (NP) toxicity in fish attracts much attention due to its ability in targeting several organs; however, the researches regarding its potential hepatotoxicity are conflicting and still require further investigation. Therefore, the objective of this study is to focus on this issue from the histophysiological point of view using NP intoxicated African catfish (Clarias gariepinus) as a model of hepatotoxicity. Twelve adult fish (6 per group) were divided into two groups; the first was considered as a control and the second was exposed to NP dissolved in water at a dose of 0...
March 7, 2018: Fish Physiology and Biochemistry
F Gilbert, T M Heintel, M G Jakubietz, H Köstler, C Sebald, R H Meffert, A M Weng
BACKGROUND: Minimally invasive pedicle screw fixation has less approach-related morbidity than open screw placement and is allegedly less traumatizing on paravertebral muscles, as there is no requirement to mobilize and retract the adjacent muscle portion. The approach-related long-term effects to the morphology of the paravertebral muscles are unknown. The purpose of this study was to compare the long-term amount of fatty degeneration of the multifidus muscle in patients treated with a classical open or a minimally invasive approach...
March 7, 2018: BMC Musculoskeletal Disorders
Weidong Zuo, Chunlin Li, Yue Luan, Hao Zhang, Xiaoling Tong, Minjin Han, Rui Gao, Hai Hu, Jiangbo Song, Fangyin Dai, Cheng Lu
Very long chain fatty acids (VLCFAs), such as sphingolipids, are components of cellular lipids, which are essential for cell proliferation. Mutations in the genes that encode proteins participating in VLCFA biosynthesis may cause inherited diseases, such as macular degeneration. Elongases of very long chain fatty acid (ELOVL) are enzymes that are involved in the biosynthesis of VLCFAs. Here, a total of 13 ELOVL genes, distributed across three chromosomes, were identified in the silkworm genome; all the ELOVL members contain a distinct ELO domain and a conserved HXXHH motif...
March 5, 2018: Genome Génome / Conseil National de Recherches Canada
Emrah Kovalak, Hanife Özdemir, Cenk Ermutlu, Abdullah Obut
OBJECTIVES: The aim of this study was to evaluate how fatty atrophy (FA) of the hip abductors in operated and non-operated hips affected the functional outcome following arthroplasty. METHODS: Forty-four hips of 22 patients (8 males and 14 females; mean age: 60 ± 14.4 (range: 24-84)) who matched the inclusion criteria and willing to participate in the study were retrospectively evaluated. The mean follow-up was 13.8 ± 2.3 (range: 10-18) months Magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) and Harris Hip Score (HHS) were used to evaluate muscle degeneration and functional outcome after unilateral THA through a posterolateral approach...
February 22, 2018: Acta Orthopaedica et Traumatologica Turcica
Sung-Min Rhee, Nam Yun Chung, Hyeon Jang Jeong, Joo Han Oh
BACKGROUND: Subacromial pain pumps are used for analgesia after arthroscopic rotator cuff surgery. However, there is controversy about myotoxic or tendinotoxic effects of local anesthetics. HYPOTHESIS: Ropivacaine administered via a subacromial pain pump would have no adverse effect on rotator cuff tendon healing, fatty degeneration, strength, or functional outcomes after arthroscopic repair. STUDY DESIGN: Cohort study; Level of evidence, 3...
February 1, 2018: American Journal of Sports Medicine
Toru Morihara, Yoshikazu Kida, Ryuhei Furukawa, Tsuyoshi Sukenari, Yukichi Kabuto, Masao Kurokawa, Hiroyoshi Fujiwara, Toshikazu Kubo
BACKGROUND: In cases of the large or massive rotator cuff tears, retear rates after rotator cuff repairs remain high. We introduced an arthroscopic-assisted modified Debeyre-Patte procedure which enables to decrease the tension of torn rotator cuff by sliding supraspinatus and infraspinatus laterally keeping fascia connection to the rhomboids. PURPOSE: The objective of this study was to examine the clinical outcomes and retear rates after an arthroscopic-assisted modified Debeyre-Patte procedure for irreparable large and massive rotator cuff tears...
February 16, 2018: Journal of Orthopaedic Science: Official Journal of the Japanese Orthopaedic Association
Zhengjun Zhang, Jijun Wang, Hongmei Wang
Non-alcoholic fatty liver disease (NAFLD) is a form of clinical syndrome characterized by the fatty degeneration in liver histology and should be further investigated. The aim of the study was to investigate the effects of blood glucose, serum chemerin and insulin resistance on non-alcoholic fatty liver disease (NAFLD) in patients with type 2 diabetes mellitus to provide a basis for the prevention and treatment thereof. In total, 300 patients with type 2 diabetes mellitus treated and admitted into the Endocrinology Department of our hospital from June 2015 to June 2017 were enrolled and divided into the simple type 2 diabetes mellitus (group A) and concurrent NAFLD (group B) groups...
March 2018: Experimental and Therapeutic Medicine
Luigi Donato, Concetta Scimone, Carmela Rinaldi, Pasquale Aragona, Silvana Briuglia, Angela D'Ascola, Rosalia D'Angelo, Antonina Sidoti
Purpose: Stargardt disease (STGD) is the most common form of inherited juvenile macular degeneration. It is inherited as autosomal recessive trait (STGD1), although STGD3 and STGD4 are inherited as autosomal dominant inheritance pattern. STGD3 is caused by mutations in the elongation of very long-chain fatty acids-like 4 (ELOVL4) gene encoding for a very long-chain fatty acid elongase. Mutations lead to a truncated Elovl4, lacking of a dilysine motif necessary for retention of transmembrane proteins in the endoplasmic reticulum...
February 1, 2018: Investigative Ophthalmology & Visual Science
Laura Hill, David Aboud, James Elliott, John Magnussen, Michele Sterling, Daniel Steffens, Mark Hancock
BACKGROUND CONTEXT: Magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) has the potential to identify pathology contributing to neck pain. However, the importance of findings on MRI remains unclear. PURPOSE: To investigate whether findings on cervical spine MRI predict future neck pain. STUDY DESIGN: Systematic review. PATIENT SAMPLE: People with or without neck pain. OUTCOME MEASURES: Clinically important neck pain outcomes such as pain and disability...
February 2, 2018: Spine Journal: Official Journal of the North American Spine Society
Charles Agout, Julien Berhouet, Yves Bouju, Arnaud Godenèche, Philippe Collin, Jean-François Kempf, Luc Favard
PURPOSE: Although good short-term and mid-term outcomes are reported for rotator cuff repair, few studies have investigated long-term outcome with clinical and MRI evaluation. The hypothesis was that 10 years following repair of rotator cuff tear, the clinical and anatomic results depend on the extension of the tear. METHODS: The records of all 965 patients who underwent repair of rotator cuff tears in 2003 were retrieved. The patients were reviewed in 2014 for evaluation at a minimum follow-up of 10 years...
February 6, 2018: Knee Surgery, Sports Traumatology, Arthroscopy: Official Journal of the ESSKA
Zobair M Younossi, Maria Stepanova, Nila Rafiq, Linda Henry, Rohit Loomba, Hala Makhlouf, Zachary Goodman
Nonalcoholic steatohepatitis (NASH) is the progressive form of nonalcoholic fatty liver disease (NAFLD). The minimal pathologic criteria for NASH include hepatic steatosis, ballooning degeneration, and lobular inflammation. The resolution of NASH, which relies on the loss of ballooning degeneration, is subject to sampling and observer variability in pathologic interpretation. Ballooning is associated with advanced hepatic fibrosis in cross-sectional studies but is not a predictor of mortality in NAFLD. Fibrosis staging, while still subject to some sampling variability, has less observer variability and is a robust predictor of liver-related mortality in NAFLD...
July 2017: Hepatology Communications
Shan Liu, Yang Yang, Yan Qiu Song, Jie Geng, Qing Liang Chen
To explore the protective effect of N(2)-L-alanyl-L-glutamine (NLAG) on myocardial ischemia-reperfusion injury (IRI), and observe the influence of NLAG on the Janus activated kinase signal transducer 2 and activator of transcription 3 (JAK2/STAT3) signaling pathway‑associated molecules. Wistar rats were randomly divided into three groups: Sham, IRI and NLAG. In the IRI rat model, the cardiac hemodynamics, the maximum rate of left ventricular pressure (+dP/dtmax) and the left ventricular end‑diastolic pressure (LVDP) were recorded...
February 2, 2018: Molecular Medicine Reports
Fetch more papers »
Fetching more papers... Fetching...
Read by QxMD. Sign in or create an account to discover new knowledge that matter to you.
Remove bar
Read by QxMD icon Read

Search Tips

Use Boolean operators: AND/OR

diabetic AND foot
diabetes OR diabetic

Exclude a word using the 'minus' sign

Virchow -triad

Use Parentheses

water AND (cup OR glass)

Add an asterisk (*) at end of a word to include word stems

Neuro* will search for Neurology, Neuroscientist, Neurological, and so on

Use quotes to search for an exact phrase

"primary prevention of cancer"
(heart or cardiac or cardio*) AND arrest -"American Heart Association"