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Rotator cuff tear

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27921129/-shoulder-endoprosthesis-in-the-elderly-hemiarthroplasty-or-total-shoulder-arthroplasty-anatomic-or-reverse
#1
J Kircher
Implantation of reverse shoulder endoprostheses is becoming more popular for elderly patients besides the well-established standard anatomic endoprostheses. The reasons for this are the increased life expectancy, age-dependent degeneration of the rotator cuff leading to cuff tear arthropathy, posttraumatic disability after failed osteosynthesis and primary reverse fracture arthroplasty. Stemless implants are more frequently used for primary osteoarthritis with the bone quality being the limiting factor. Modern implant systems allow the stepwise extension from bone preserving primary implants to modular and convertible revision implants that allow a partial exchange of components...
December 5, 2016: Der Orthopäde
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27916191/the-rotator-cuff-and-the-superior-capsule-why-we-need-both
#2
Christopher R Adams, Angelica M DeMartino, George Rego, Patrick J Denard, Stephen S Burkhart
Tears of the rotator cuff are frequent. An estimated 250,000 to 500,000 repairs are performed annually in the United States. Rotator cuff repairs have been successful despite fatty infiltration and atrophy of the rotator cuff muscles. Although the emphasis in rotator cuff repair has historically focused on re-establishing the tendon attachment, there is growing interest in and understanding of the role of the superior capsule. The superior capsule is attached to the undersurface of the supraspinatus and infraspinatus muscle-tendon units, and it resists superior translation of the humeral head...
December 2016: Arthroscopy: the Journal of Arthroscopic & related Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27914921/polydeoxyribonucleotide-injection-in-the-treatment-of-chronic-supraspinatus-tendinopathy-a-case-controlled-retrospective-comparative-study-of-6-month-follow-up
#3
Young Chun Yoon, Doo-Hyung Lee, Michael Young Lee, Seung-Hyun Yoon
OBJECTIVE: To determine the efficacy of polydeoxyribonucleotide (PDRN) injection for rotator cuff disease (RCD). DESIGN: Case-controlled, retrospective, comparative study. SETTING: Outpatient clinic at university-affiliated tertiary care hospital. PARTICIPANTS: 106 patients with chronic non-traumatic refractory RCD who were unresponsive to at least 1 month of conservative treatment; 55 patients received PDRN injection (PDRN group) and 51 continued conservative treatment (control group)...
November 30, 2016: Archives of Physical Medicine and Rehabilitation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27914845/does-magnetic-resonance-imaging-appearance-of-supraspinatus-muscle-atrophy-change-after-repairing-rotator-cuff-tears
#4
Sang-Hoon Lhee, Anant Kumar Singh, Do Young Lee
BACKGROUND: This study was conducted to determine whether supraspinatus muscle atrophy appearance changes after arthroscopic rotator cuff repair and to quantify the change in appearance on magnetic resonance imaging (MRI), if any, based on age and tendon retraction. METHODS: We retrospectively reviewed patients who underwent arthroscopic rotator cuff repair and considered only 209 patients who had both preoperative and immediate postoperative MRI. Patients were grouped by age <60 years and >60 years...
November 30, 2016: Journal of Shoulder and Elbow Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27914201/shear-wave-ultrasound-elastographic-evaluation-of-the-rotator-cuff-tendon
#5
Stephanie W Hou, Alexander N Merkle, James S Babb, Robert McCabe, Soterios Gyftopoulos, Ronald S Adler
OBJECTIVES: (1) Assess the association between the B-mode morphologic appearance and elasticity in the rotator cuff tendon using shear wave elastography (SWE). (2) Assess the association between SWE and symptoms. METHODS: Institutional Review Board approval and informed consent were obtained. A retrospective review identified 21 studies in 19 eligible patients for whom SWE was performed during routine sonographic evaluations for shoulder pain. Evaluations were compared with 55 studies from 16 asymptomatic volunteers and 6 patients with asymptomatic contralateral shoulders...
December 3, 2016: Journal of Ultrasound in Medicine: Official Journal of the American Institute of Ultrasound in Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27909670/treating-rotator-cuff-tears-through-a-coracoacromial-mini-open-approach
#6
Wolfram Thomas, Tom Sascha Thomas, Luca Tafuro, Sebastian Walter
The purpose of this study is to present a "smart," open, minimally invasive surgical technique for rotator cuff repair of the shoulder. On the basis of an anatomic study by Tichy, we use a coracoacromial mobile window: We split-not detach-the deltoid muscle by respecting its fibers' orientation and resect the coracoacromial ligament before repairing the torn rotator cuff tendons with anchors. The described approach is fast, is technically uncomplicated, and can be carried out with a standard set of instruments...
October 2016: Arthroscopy Techniques
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27909668/triple-row-modification-of-the-suture-bridge-technique-for-arthroscopic-rotator-cuff-repair
#7
Roger V Ostrander, Jarrod Smith, Michael Saper
Recent advances to improve outcomes in rotator cuff repair include using arthroscopic double-row suture-bridge techniques in an effort to reconstruct the rotator cuff footprint and improve fixation. However, when using this technique for larger tears, it can be difficult to get the lateral portion of the rotator cuff into an anatomic position. This report describes a triple-row modification of the suture-bridge technique that results in significantly more footprint contact area and contact pressure compared with the double-row and standard suture-bridge techniques...
October 2016: Arthroscopy Techniques
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27909664/arthroscopic-assisted-lower-trapezius-tendon-transfer-for-massive-irreparable-posterior-superior-rotator-cuff-tears-surgical-technique
#8
Bassem T Elhassan, Eduard Alentorn-Geli, Andrew T Assenmacher, Eric R Wagner
Tendon transfer options to reconstruct a massive irreparable posterior-superior rotator cuff tear include latissimus dorsi, teres major, or lower trapezius transfer. We previously described the lower trapezius transfer using a 2-incision approach, which includes a medial incision to harvest the lower trapezius and lateral transacromial incision to expose the rotator cuff and then perform the transfer through a deep tunnel connecting these 2 sites. In this report, we describe an arthroscopic-assisted technique of lower trapezius transfer augmented with an Achilles tendon allograft to reconstruct an irreparable posterior-superior rotator cuff tear...
October 2016: Arthroscopy Techniques
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27909128/the-development-of-a-quantitative-scoring-system-to-predict-whether-a-large-to-massive-rotator-cuff-tear-can-be-arthroscopically-repaired
#9
S-J Kim, J-S Park, K-H Lee, B-G Lee
AIMS: The aim of the study was to develop a quantitative scoring system to predict whether a large-to-massive rotator cuff tear was arthroscopically reparable prior to surgery. PATIENTS AND METHODS: We conducted a retrospective review of the pre-operative MR imaging and surgical records of 87 patients (87 shoulders) who underwent arthroscopic repair of a large-to-massive rotator cuff tear. Patients were divided into two groups, based on the surgical outcome of the repair...
December 2016: Bone & Joint Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27909127/costs-quality-of-life-and-cost-effectiveness-of-arthroscopic-and-open-repair-for-rotator-cuff-tears-an-economic-evaluation-alongside-the-ukuff-trial
#10
J Murphy, A Gray, C Cooper, D Cooper, C Ramsay, A Carr
AIMS: A trial-based comparison of the use of resources, costs and quality of life outcomes of arthroscopic and open surgical management for rotator cuff tears in the United Kingdom NHS was performed using data from the United Kingdom Rotator Cuff Study (UKUFF) randomised controlled trial. PATIENTS AND METHODS: Using data from 273 patients, healthcare-related use of resources, costs and quality-adjusted life years (QALYs) were estimated at 12 months and 24 months after surgery on an intention-to-treat basis with adjustment for covariates...
December 2016: Bone & Joint Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27904936/tear-progression-of-symptomatic-full-thickness-and-partial-thickness-rotator-cuff-tears-as-measured-by-repeated-mri
#11
Yang-Soo Kim, Sung-Eun Kim, Sung-Ho Bae, Hyo-Jin Lee, Won-Hee Jee, Chang Kyun Park
PURPOSE: The purpose of this study was to analyse the natural course of symptomatic full-thickness and partial-thickness rotator cuff tears treated non-operatively and to identify risk factors affecting tear enlargement. METHODS: One hundred and twenty-two patients who received non-surgical treatment for a partial- or full-thickness supraspinatus tear were included in this study. All rotator cuff tears were diagnosed with magnetic resonance imaging (MRI), and the same modality was used for follow-up studies...
November 30, 2016: Knee Surgery, Sports Traumatology, Arthroscopy: Official Journal of the ESSKA
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27904932/-the-reverse-shoulder-arthroplasty-delta-xtend-mid-term-results
#12
S Gruber, C Schoch, M Geyer
BACKGROUND: Reverse shoulder arthroplasty (RSA) has become a frequently used and established treatment for patients with cuff tear arthropathy, increasingly also for patients with fracture sequelae (FS), failed rotator cuff reconstruction and omarthrosis with cuff insufficiency. Since 2007 new generation prostheses, for example Delta Xtend (Depuy, Warsaw, USA), have been used, but few mid-term results have been published. OBJECTIVES: The aim of this study is to report on the outcome after RSA after a mean follow-up of 68 months (range 63-75), to verify the already published, encouraging early results and to learn about the function and pain situation after RSA in the mid-term period...
November 30, 2016: Der Orthopäde
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27904725/rotator-cuff-repair-in-patients-over-75-years-of-age-clinical-outcome-and-repair-integrity
#13
Jung Gwan Park, Nam Su Cho, Jong Hoon Song, Jong Hun Baek, Ho Yeon Jeong, Yong Girl Rhee
BACKGROUND: Some studies have shown significant functional improvement after rotator cuff (RC) repair in elderly patients. However, few studies have reported the healing potential of RC tears in elderly patients. METHODS: Twenty-five patients aged ≥ 75 years who underwent RC repair were enrolled. The mean age at the time of surgery was 78.3 years (range, 75 to 88 years) while the mean follow-up was 36.3 months (range, 18 to 114 months). We evaluated clinical and structural outcomes after RC repair in the retear and healed groups...
December 2016: Clinics in Orthopedic Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27904235/management-of-acute-work-related-shoulder-injuries-by-an-early-shoulder-assessment-program-efficiency-of-imaging-investigations
#14
Helen Razmjou, Sandra Lincoln, Christopher Geddes, Dragana Boljanovic, Iona Macritchie, Caterina Virdo-Cristello, Danielle Medeiros, Robin R Richards
Purpose: There has been a significant increase in the number of costly investigations of the shoulder joint over the past decade. The purposes of this study were to (1) describe the diagnostic imaging investigations ordered for injured workers seen at an Early Shoulder Physician Assessment (ESPA) program, (2) evaluate the impact of these investigations on final diagnosis and management, and (3) examine how efficient the program was by determining the appropriateness of referrals and whether costly imaging was justified...
2016: Physiotherapy Canada. Physiothérapie Canada
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27900707/fluoroscopy-guided-biodegradable-spacer-implantation-using-local-anesthesia-safety-and-efficacy-study-in-patients-with-massive-rotator-cuff-tears
#15
E Gervasi, E Maman, A Dekel, E Cautero
BACKGROUND: The management of massive rotator cuff tears (MRCTs) is challenging and associated with a high failure rates. Studies have shown that advanced age, lower American Society of Anesthesiologists physical status score and concomitant comorbidities are associated with higher risks of death and postoperative complications. This study was designed to assess the safety and efficacy of fluoroscopy-guided biodegradable spacer implantation under local anesthesia, in patients with MRCT and comorbidities completely or partially contraindicating surgeries under general anesthesia...
December 2016: Musculoskeletal Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27900705/sleep-quality-and-disturbances-in-patients-with-different-sized-rotator-cuff-tear
#16
S Gumina, V Candela, D Passaretti, T Venditto, L Mariani, G Giannicola
INTRODUCTION: The literature is unanimous in saying that shoulder pain, due to rotator cuff tear (RCT), may be mostly at night; to our knowledge, this statement is not supported by scientific evidence. Our aim was to investigate sleep quality and disturbances in patient with RCT and in a control group. MATERIALS AND METHODS: A case-control design study was used. We enrolled 324 consecutive patients (Group A) (156M-168F, mean age ± SD: 64.94 ± 6.97; range 47-74) who underwent arthroscopic rotator cuff repair...
December 2016: Musculoskeletal Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27900700/platelet-rich-plasma-supplementation-in-arthroscopic-repair-of-full-thickness-rotator-cuff-tears-a-randomized-clinical-trial
#17
R D'Ambrosi, F Palumbo, A Paronzini, V Ragone, R M Facchini
BACKGROUND: Results on the effectiveness of PRP supplementation in arthroscopic rotator cuff repair are conflicting, making it difficult to draw definitive conclusions. METHODS: This was a prospective, randomized, and double-blind study with two groups of 20 patients each (PRP group and control group). Degenerative supraspinatus full-thickness tears grade C2-C3 were subjected to arthroscopic repair; PRP supplementation was given to patients in the PRP group. The outcomes were assessed by DASH, Constant scales, and ultrasound before and 6 months after surgery...
December 2016: Musculoskeletal Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27900313/semitendinosus-and-gracilis-free-muscle-tendon-graft-for-repair-of-massive-rotator-cuff-tears-surgical-technique
#18
Antonio Gigante, Carlo Bottegoni, Giuseppe Milano, Michele Riccio, Luca Dei Giudici
Massive rotator cuff tears are difficult to treat surgically due to retraction, degeneration and fraying of the ends of torn tendons, severe fatty infiltration and atrophy of the respective muscles. Procedures developed to close the gap between the rotator cuff and the greater tuberosity of the humerus, such as soft tissue release may be inadequate for large tears. Human or porcine dermal allografts still have uncertain benefits, and tendon transfers seem to be associated with poor outcomes, donor site morbidity and altered mechanics...
July 2016: Joints
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27896400/quantitative-assessment-of-the-supraspinatus-tendon-on-mri-using-t2-t2-mapping-and-shear-wave-ultrasound-elastography-a-pilot-study
#19
Konstantin Krepkin, Mary Bruno, José G Raya, Ronald S Adler, Soterios Gyftopoulos
OBJECTIVE: To determine whether there is an association between T2/T2* mapping and supraspinatus tendon mechanical properties as assessed by shear-wave ultrasound elastography (SWE). MATERIALS AND METHODS: This HIPAA-compliant prospective pilot study received approval from our hospital's institutional review board. Eight patients (3 males/5 females; age range 44-72 years) and nine shoulders underwent conventional shoulder MRI, T2/T2* mapping on a 3-T scanner, and SWE...
November 28, 2016: Skeletal Radiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27896393/degree-of-tendon-degeneration-and-stage-of-rotator-cuff-disease
#20
Chris Hyunchul Jo, Won Hyoung Shin, Ji Wan Park, Ji Sun Shin, Ji Eun Kim
PURPOSE: While tendon degeneration has been known to be an important cause of rotator cuff disease, few studies have objectively proven the association of tendon degeneration and rotator cuff disease. The purpose of this study was to investigate changes of tendon degeneration with respect to the stage of rotator cuff disease. METHODS: A total of 48 patients were included in the study: 12 with tendinopathy, 12 with a partial-thickness tear (pRCT), 12 with a full-thickness tear (fRCT), and 12 as the control...
November 28, 2016: Knee Surgery, Sports Traumatology, Arthroscopy: Official Journal of the ESSKA
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