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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28214724/where-biomedicalisation-and-magic-meet-therapeutic-innovations-of-elite-sports-injury-in-british-professional-football-and-cycling
#1
Alex Faulkner, Michael McNamee, Catherine Coveney, Jonathan Gabe
Injury is a conspicuous feature of the practice and public spectacle of contemporary elite sports. The paper argues that the 'biomedicalisation' thesis (medico-industrial nexus, techno-scientific drivers, medical optimisation, biologisation, the rise of evidence and health surveillance) goes some way to capturing the use in elite sports injury of some highly specialised mainstream therapies and some highly maverick biological therapies, which are described. Nevertheless, these main strands of biomedicalisation do not capture the full range of these phenomena in the contexts of sports medicine and athletes' practices in accessing innovative, controversial therapies...
February 9, 2017: Social Science & Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28214618/deep-neck-flexor-endurance-in-the-adolescent-and-young-adult-normative-data-and-associated-attributes
#2
Nathan F Jarman, Toby Brooks, C Roger James, Troy Hooper, Mark Wilhelm, Jean-Michel Brismée, Manuel A Domenech, Stanley J Kotara, Phillip S Sizer
BACKGROUND: Deep neck flexor (DNF) muscles stabilize the neck and contribute to head acceleration control. The function of DNF in cervical spine dynamic stabilization has not been examined in athletes of any age group, including adolescents. This investigation was necessary prior to studying the DNF muscles' role in cervical spine injury patterns. OBJECTIVES: (1) To determine average Deep Neck Flexor Endurance Test (DNFET) time scores in high school and university-aged subjects (ages 14-22); and (2) To establish the relationship between gender and age for adolescent DNFET time scores...
February 15, 2017: PM & R: the Journal of Injury, Function, and Rehabilitation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28214540/cognitive-performance-of-male-and-female-c57bl-6j-mice-after-repetitive-concussive-brain-injuries
#3
Alexander G Velosky, Laura B Tucker, Amanda H Fu, Jiong Liu, Joseph T McCabe
In contact sports, repetitive concussive brain injury (rCBI) is the prevalent form of head injury seen in athletes. The need for effective treatment is urgent as rCBI has been associated with a host of cognitive, behavioral and neurological complaints. There has been a growing trend in the use of female animals in pre-clinical research, but few studies have investigated possible sex differences following rCBI. The goal of the current study was to determine any differences between male and female C57BL/6J mice on assessments of learning and memory after repetitive concussive injury...
February 15, 2017: Behavioural Brain Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28214465/acute-and-chronic-lateral-ankle-instability-diagnosis-management-and-new-concepts
#4
Rachel Shakked, Steven Sheskier
Lateral ankle instability is a common entity that can result in degenerative arthritis if left untreated. Acute ligament injuries should primarily be treated nonoperatively with a course of physical therapy and functional bracing. Chronic ankle instability is defined as mechanical or functional and can be diagnosed using a combination of history, physical examination, stress radiographs, and magnetic resonance imaging. After failure of nonoperative treatment, surgical treatment with anatomic ligament repair and inferior extensor retinaculum augmentation has the best clinical outcomes...
January 2017: Bulletin of the Hospital for Joint Diseases
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28213754/low-energy-availability-menstrual-dysfunction-and-low-bone-mineral-density-in-individuals-with-a-disability-implications-for-the-para-athlete-population
#5
REVIEW
Cheri A Blauwet, Emily M Brook, Adam S Tenforde, Elizabeth Broad, Caroline H Hu, Eliza Abdu-Glass, Elizabeth G Matzkin
Low energy availability, functional hypothalamic amenorrhea, and low bone mineral density are three interrelated conditions described in athletic women. Although described as the female athlete triad (Triad), males experience similar health concerns. The literature suggests that individuals with a disability may experience altered physiology related to these three conditions when compared with the able-bodied population. The goal of this review is to describe the unique implications of low energy availability, low bone mineral density, and, in females, menstrual dysfunction in individuals with a disability and their potential impact on the para athlete population...
February 17, 2017: Sports Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28210652/prevention-of-hamstring-injuries-in-collegiate-sprinters
#6
Yusaku Sugiura, Kazuhiko Sakuma, Keishoku Sakuraba, Yamato Sato
BACKGROUND: No studies have been reported on how strength, agility, and flexibility training reduce the occurrence of hamstring injuries in sprinters. Therefore, a program for preventing hamstring injury in these athletes has not been established. PURPOSE: To document the incidence of hamstring injuries during times when different prevention strategies were employed to see whether a particular prevention program reduced their occurrence. STUDY DESIGN: Descriptive epidemiology study...
January 2017: Orthopaedic Journal of Sports Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28210643/perception-of-health-problems-among-competitive-runners-a-qualitative-study-of-cognitive-appraisals-and-behavioral-responses
#7
Sara Jelvegård, Toomas Timpka, Victor Bargoria, Håkan Gauffin, Jenny Jacobsson
BACKGROUND: Approximately 2 of every 3 competitive runners sustain at least 1 health problem each season. Most of these problems are nontraumatic injuries with gradual onset. The main known risk indicator for sustaining a new running-related injury episode is a history of a previous injury, suggesting that behavioral habits are part of the causal mechanisms. PURPOSE: Identification of elements associated with purposeful interpretations of body perceptions and balanced behavioral responses may supply vital information for prevention of health problems in runners...
December 2016: Orthopaedic Journal of Sports Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28210029/gender-related-differences-in-lower-limb-alignment-range-of-joint-motion-and-the-incidence-of-sports-injuries-in-japanese-university-athletes
#8
Yasuhiro Mitani
[Purpose] To investigate the gender-related differences in lower limb alignment, range of joint motion, and history of lower limb sports injuries in Japanese university athletes. [Subjects and Methods] The subjects were 224 Japanese university athletes (154 males and 70 females). The quadriceps angle (Q-angle), arch height index, and ranges of internal and external rotation of the hip joints were measured. History of lower limb sports injury was surveyed using a questionnaire. [Results] Females had a significantly higher Q-angle and hip joint internal rotation angle and a significantly lower arch height index than males...
January 2017: Journal of Physical Therapy Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28208990/swiss-ball-versus-mat-exercises-for-core-activation-of-transverse-abdominis-in-recreational-athletes
#9
Prateek Srivastav, Nirmala Nayak, Sudeep Nair, Lobsang Bhuti Sherpa, Diana Dsouza
INTRODUCTION: Core stability is an essential component for improving athletic performance and injury prevention. Exercises on a Swiss ball and on the mat are two different ways of improving core stability. Comparison of these methods can help physiotherapists incorporate the better method for athletic training and rehabilitation. AIM: To compare swiss ball and mat exercises for core stability of transverse abdominis in recreational athletes. MATERIALS AND METHODS: This pilot randomized control trial was performed on a total of 25 recreational athletes...
December 2016: Journal of Clinical and Diagnostic Research: JCDR
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28207969/multiple-factors-explain-injury-risk-in-adolescent-elite-athletes-applying-a-biopsychosocial-perspective
#10
Philip von Rosen, Anna Frohm, Anders Kottorp, Cecilia Fridén, Annette Heijne
Many risk factors for injury are presented in the literature, few of those are however consistent and the majority is associated with adult and not adolescent elite athletes. The aim was to identify risk factors for injury in adolescent elite athletes, by applying a biopsychosocial approach. A total of 496 adolescent elite athletes (age range 15-19), participating in 16 different sports, were monitored repeatedly over 52 weeks using a validated questionnaire about injuries, training exposure, sleep, stress, nutrition and competence-based self-esteem...
February 16, 2017: Scandinavian Journal of Medicine & Science in Sports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28205480/extensor-tendon-instability-due-to-sagittal-band-injury-in-a-martial-arts-athlete-a-case-report
#11
Andrew Kochevar, Ghazi Rayan
A Taekwondo participant sustained a hand injury from punching an opponent that resulted in painful instability of the ring finger extensor digitorum communis tendon due to sagittal band damage. His symptoms resolved after reconstructive surgery on the sagittal band (SB) with stabilization of the extensor tendon over the metacarpophalangeal joint.
March 2017: Journal of Hand Surgery Asian-Pacific Volume
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28203602/hamstring-contracture-after-acl-reconstruction-is-associated-with-an-increased-risk-of-cyclops-syndrome
#12
Francisco Guerra Pinto, Mathieu Thaunat, Matt Daggett, Charles Kajetanek, Tiago Marques, Tales Guimares, Bénédicte Quelard, Bertrand Sonnery-Cottet
BACKGROUND: Cyclops syndrome is characterized by loss of terminal knee extension due to proliferative fibrous nodule formation in the intercondylar notch. This complication occurs in the early postoperative period after anterior cruciate ligament reconstruction (ACLR). The pathogenesis of Cyclops syndrome is not well understood. HYPOTHESIS: Persistent hamstring contracture after ACLR is associated with an increased risk of subsequent Cyclops syndrome. STUDY DESIGN: Case-control study; Level of evidence, 3...
January 2017: Orthopaedic Journal of Sports Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28203600/do-muscle-strength-deficits-of-the-uninvolved-hip-and-knee-exist-in-young-athletes-before-anterior-cruciate-ligament-reconstruction
#13
Joseph Hannon, Sharon Wang-Price, Shiho Goto, J Craig Garrison, James M Bothwell
BACKGROUND: Muscle strength of the involved limb is known to be decreased after injury. Comparison with the uninvolved limb has become standard of practice to measure progress and for calculation of limb symmetry indices (LSIs) to determine readiness to return to sport. However, some literature suggests strength changes in the uninvolved limb also are present after lower extremity injury. PURPOSE: To examine the uninvolved limb strength in a population of adolescent athletes after an anterior cruciate ligament (ACL) injury and compare strength values with those of the dominant limb in a healthy control group...
January 2017: Orthopaedic Journal of Sports Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28203599/surgical-management-of-rectus-femoris-avulsion-among-professional-soccer-players
#14
Bertrand Sonnery-Cottet, Nuno Camelo Barbosa, Sanesh Tuteja, Roland Gardon, Matt Daggett, Damien Monnot, Charles Kajetanek, Mathieu Thaunat
BACKGROUND: Rectus femoris injuries are common among athletes, especially in kicking sports such as soccer; however, proximal rectus femoris avulsions in athletes are a relatively rare entity. PURPOSE/HYPOTHESIS: The purpose of this study was to describe and report the results of an original technique of surgical excision of the proximal tendon remnant followed by a muscular suture repair. Our hypothesis was that this technique limits the risk of recurrence in high-level athletes and allows for rapid recovery without loss of quadriceps strength...
January 2017: Orthopaedic Journal of Sports Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28203595/acute-gastrocnemius-soleus-complex-injuries-in-national-football-league-athletes
#15
Brian C Werner, Nicole S Belkin, Steve Kennelly, Leigh Weiss, Ronnie P Barnes, Hollis G Potter, Russell F Warren, Scott A Rodeo
BACKGROUND: Lower extremity muscle injuries are common in professional football. Although less common than hamstring or quadriceps injuries in National Football League (NFL) athletes, calf injuries occur with relative frequency and have not previously been studied. PURPOSE: To evaluate gastrocnemius-soleus complex muscle injuries over the past 13 years from a single NFL team to determine the incidence of such injuries, their imaging characteristics, and return to play after such injuries and any correlation between imaging findings and prolonged return to play...
January 2017: Orthopaedic Journal of Sports Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28203593/effects-of-sex-and-fatigue-on-biomechanical-measures-during-the-drop-jump-task-in-children
#16
Kristín Briem, Kolbrún Vala Jónsdóttir, Árni Árnason, Þórarinn Sveinsson
BACKGROUND: Female athletes have a higher rate of anterior cruciate ligament (ACL) injury than males from adolescence and into maturity, which is suggested to result from sex-specific changes in dynamic movement patterns with maturation. Few studies have studied movement strategies and response to fatigue in children. PURPOSE: To evaluate the effect of fatigue on biomechanical variables associated with increased risk for ACL injury during a drop-jump (DJ) performance in children...
January 2017: Orthopaedic Journal of Sports Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28203588/return-to-play-and-prior-performance-in-major-league-baseball-pitchers-after-repair-of-superior-labral-anterior-posterior-tears
#17
Ryan Smith, Daniel J Lombardo, Graysen R Petersen-Fitts, Charles Frank, Troy Tenbrunsel, Gannon Curtis, James Whaley, Vani J Sabesan
BACKGROUND: The published return-to-play (RTP) rates for Major League Baseball (MLB) pitchers who have undergone surgical repair of superior labrum anterior-posterior (SLAP) tears vary widely and are generally accepted to be lower in the subset of competitive throwers. The efficacy of surgical treatment for MLB players is largely unknown. PURPOSE: To examine the RTP rate and performance of MLB pitchers who have undergone SLAP tear repair between 2003 and 2010. STUDY DESIGN: Descriptive epidemiological study...
December 2016: Orthopaedic Journal of Sports Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28199800/preventive-biomechanics
#18
Timothy E Hewett, Nathaniel A Bates
BACKGROUND: Preventive medicine techniques have alleviated billions of dollars' worth of the economic burden in the medical care system through the implementation of vaccinations and screenings before the onset of disease symptoms. Knowledge of biomechanical tendencies has progressed rapidly over the past 20 years such that clinicians can identify, in healthy athletes, the underlying mechanisms that lead to catastrophic injuries such as anterior cruciate ligament (ACL) ruptures. As such, preventive medicine concepts can be applied to noncontact musculoskeletal injuries to reduce the economic burden of sports medicine treatments and enhance the long-term health of athletes...
February 1, 2017: American Journal of Sports Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28198605/the-effect-of-gymnastic-training-on-muscle-strength-and-co-activation-during-isometric-elbow-and-glenohumeral-flexion-extension
#19
Andrzej Kochanowicz, Bartłomiej Niespodziński, Jan Mieszkowski, Kazimierz Kochanowicz, Stanisław Sawczyn
BACKGROUND: The purpose of the study was to demonstrate the differences between non- athletes and gymnasts at the pre- and post-pubertal age in the development of peak torque and ensuing flexion/extension ratios at the elbow and the glenohumeral joints, as well as to assess the relevance of the above activities for the co-activation of selected muscles. METHODS: The study involved 20 gymnasts and 20 non-athletes aged 8-9 years, in addition to 12 gymnasts and 16 non-athletes aged 18-25 years...
February 14, 2017: Journal of Sports Medicine and Physical Fitness
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28197695/rotational-glenohumeral-adaptations-are-associated-with-shoulder-pathology-in-professional-male-handball-players
#20
Przemyslaw Lubiatowski, Piotr Kaczmarek, Pawel Cisowski, Ewa Breborowicz, Monika Grygorowicz, Marcin Dzianach, Tomasz Krupecki, Lior Laver, Leszek Romanowski
PURPOSE: Glenohumeral range of motion adaptations may affect throwing athletes and contribute to shoulder injury. The purpose of this study was to evaluate shoulder rotation deficits among elite professional handball players and its correlation to the presence of shoulder pain and morphological changes. METHODS: Eighty-seven elite professional handball players and 41 healthy non-athlete volunteers participated in the study. Evaluations included measurement of range of internal and external rotation, total arch of motion, identification of shoulder pain and ultrasound scan for diagnosis of rotator cuff tears and internal impingement...
February 15, 2017: Knee Surgery, Sports Traumatology, Arthroscopy: Official Journal of the ESSKA
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