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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28343329/stress-fractures-of-the-foot-and-ankle-part-2-site-specific-etiology-imaging-and-treatment-and-differential-diagnosis
#1
Jacob C Mandell, Bharti Khurana, Stacy E Smith
Stress fractures of the foot and ankle are a commonly encountered problem among athletes and individuals participating in a wide range of activities. This illustrated review, the second of two parts, discusses site-specific etiological factors, imaging appearances, treatment options, and differential considerations of stress fractures of the foot and ankle. The imaging and clinical management of stress fractures of the foot and ankle are highly dependent on the specific location of the fracture, mechanical forces acting upon the injured site, vascular supply of the injured bone, and the proportion of trabecular to cortical bone at the site of injury...
March 25, 2017: Skeletal Radiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28338388/preferred-hip-strategy-during-landing-reduces-knee-abduction-moment-in-collegiate-female-soccer-players
#2
Anh-Dung Nguyen, Jeffrey B Taylor, Taylor G Wimbish, Jennifer L Keith, Kevin R Ford
CONTEXT: Hip focused interventions are aimed to decrease frontal plane knee loading related to anterior cruciate ligament (ACL) injuries. Whether a preferred hip landing strategy decreases frontal plane knee loading is unknown. OBJECTIVE: To determine if a preferred hip landing strategy during a drop vertical jump (DVJ) is utilized during a single leg landing (SLL) task and whether differences in frontal plane knee loading are consistent between a DVJ and a SLL task...
March 24, 2017: Journal of Sport Rehabilitation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28338355/the-potential-for-a-targeted-strength-training-programme-to-decrease-asymmetry-and-increase-performance-a-proof-of-concept-in-sprinting
#3
Scott R Brown, Erin R Feldman, Matt R Cross, Eric R Helms, Bruno Marrier, Pierre Samozino, Jean-Benoît Morin
The global application of horizontal force (FH) via hip extension is related to improvements in sprint performance (e.g. maximal velocity [vmax] and power [Pmax]). Little is known regarding the contribution of individual-leg FH and how a difference between the legs (asymmetry) might subsequently affect sprint performance. We assessed a single male athlete for pre-post outcomes of a targeted hip extension training programme on FH asymmetry and sprint performance metrics. An instrumented non-motorised treadmill was used to obtain individual-leg and global sprint kinetics and determine the athlete's strong and weak leg, with regards to the ability to produce FH while sprinting...
March 24, 2017: International Journal of Sports Physiology and Performance
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28337734/diffusion-tensor-imaging-dti-findings-in-adult-civilian-military-and-sport-related-mild-traumatic-brain-injury-mtbi-a-systematic-critical-review
#4
Breton Michael Asken, Steven T DeKosky, James R Clugston, Michael S Jaffee, Russell M Bauer
This review seeks to summarize diffusion tensor imaging (DTI) studies that have evaluated structural changes attributed to the mechanisms of mild traumatic brain injury (mTBI) in adult civilian, military, and athlete populations. Articles from 2002 to 2016 were retrieved from PubMed/MEDLINE, EBSCOhost, and Google Scholar, using a Boolean search string containing the following terms: "diffusion tensor imaging", "diffusion imaging", "DTI", "white matter", "concussion", "mild traumatic brain injury", "mTBI", "traumatic brain injury", and "TBI"...
March 24, 2017: Brain Imaging and Behavior
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28336150/effects-of-foot-rotation-positions-on-knee-valgus-during-single-leg-drop-landing-implications-for-acl-injury-risk-reduction
#5
P S P Teng, P W Kong, K F Leong
BACKGROUND: Non-contact anterior cruciate ligament (ACL) injuries commonly occur when athletes land in high risk positions such as knee valgus. The position of the foot at landing may influence the transmission of forces from the ankle to the knee. Using an experimental approach to manipulate foot rotation positions, this study aimed to provide new insights on how knee valgus during single-leg landing may be influenced by foot positions. METHODS: Eleven male recreational basketball players performed single-leg drop landings from a 30-cm high platform in three foot rotation positions (toe-in, toe-forward and toe-out) at initial contact...
March 20, 2017: Knee
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28335617/operative-treatment-of-traumatic-hallux-valgus-in-elite-athletes
#6
D Jeff Covell, Craig R Lareau, Robert B Anderson
BACKGROUND: Traumatic hallux valgus is an increasingly common injury in the athletic population and represents a unique variant of turf toe. Failure to appropriately recognize and treat these injuries can lead to continued pain, decreased performance, progressive deformities, and ultimately degeneration of the hallux metatarsophalangeal joint. Limited literature currently exists to assist in the diagnosis, management, and operative treatment. METHODS: Nineteen patients were reviewed in this series, including 12 National Football League, 6 college, and 1 high school player who was a college prospect...
March 1, 2017: Foot & Ankle International
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28334382/concussion-like-symptom-reporting-in-non-concussed-collegiate-athletes
#7
Breton M Asken, Aliyah R Snyder, James R Clugston, Leslie S Gaynor, Molly J Sullan, Russell M Bauer
Objective: Non-concussed individuals may report a variety of concussion-like symptoms even in the absence of a diagnosed brain injury. Previous studies described concussion-like symptom reporting in adolescent athletes. This study provides complementary data on concussion-like symptoms in collegiate athletes. Methods: We analyzed baseline symptom scales from 738 collegiate athletes (452 men and 286 women) who completed either the Sport Concussion Assessment Tool, 3 Symptom Evaluation (S3SE; n = 377) or the Post-Concussion Scale (PCS; n = 361) and determined if subjects met criteria for diagnosis of International Classification of Diseases 10th Revision (ICD-10) postconcussional syndrome...
March 10, 2017: Archives of Clinical Neuropsychology: the Official Journal of the National Academy of Neuropsychologists
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28331375/negative-psychological-responses-of-injury-and-rehabilitation-adherence-effects-on-return-to-play-in-competitive-athletes-a-systematic-review-and-meta-analysis
#8
Andreas Ivarsson, Ulrika Tranaeus, Urban Johnson, Andreas Stenling
Previous research offers evidence that psychological factors influence an injured athlete during the rehabilitation process. Our first objective was to conduct a systematic review and meta-analysis of the results from all published studies that examined the relationships among negative affective responses after sport injuries, rehabilitation adherence, and return to play (RTP). The second objective was to use a meta-analytic path analysis to investigate whether an indirect effect existed between negative affective responses and RTP through rehabilitation adherence...
2017: Open Access Journal of Sports Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28328715/evaluating-injury-risk-and-gender-performance-on-health-and-skill-related-fitness-assessments
#9
Tyson L Grier, Michelle Canham-Chervak, Timothy T Bushman, Morgan K Anderson, William J North, Bruce H Jones
Grier, TL, Canham-Chervak, M, Bushman, TT, Anderson, MK, North, WJ, and Jones, BH. Evaluating injury risk and gender performance on health- and skill-related fitness assessments. J Strength Cond Res 31(4): 971-980, 2017-The purpose of this analysis was to investigate the association of injury risk and gender performance on health- and skill-related fitness assessments. A survey was used to collect personal characteristics and Army Physical Fitness Test scores (2-mile run, push-ups, and sit-ups). Within the same day, 9 physical fitness assessments were performed...
April 2017: Journal of Strength and Conditioning Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28325645/athletic-identity-compulsive-exercise-and-eating-psychopathology-in-long-distance-runners
#10
Robert Turton, Huw Goodwin, Caroline Meyer
Having a high athletic identity is thought to increase vulnerability for compulsive exercise and Eating Disorder (ED) psychopathology. This study examined whether there is an association between athletic identity and levels of compulsive exercise and ED psychopathology in long-distance runners. A sample of 501 long-distance runners completed the Athletic Identity Measurement Scale (AIMS), Compulsive Exercise Test (CET) and Eating Disorders Examination Questionnaire (EDEQ). There was a significant positive association between participants' AIMS and total CET scores (moderate effect size; r=0...
March 8, 2017: Eating Behaviors
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28321431/osteochondritis-dissecans-of-the-humeral-capitellum-in-young-athletes-comparison-between-baseball-players-and-gymnasts
#11
Shiro Kajiyama, Satoshi Muroi, Hiroyuki Sugaya, Norimasa Takahashi, Keisuke Matsuki, Nobuaki Kawai, Makoto Osaki
BACKGROUND: Osteochondritis dissecans (OCD) lesions are often observed in the humeral capitellum both in young baseball players and gymnasts. It is generally believed that capitellar OCD in baseball players can be seen on an anteroposterior (AP) radiograph with the elbow in 45° of flexion. However, the mechanism of injury seems to be different in baseball players and gymnasts. Repetitive valgus overload with the elbow in flexion is believed to be the cause of capitellar OCD lesions in baseball players, whereas weightbearing with the elbow in extension may be the cause of OCD in gymnasts...
March 2017: Orthopaedic Journal of Sports Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28319734/novel-mechanical-impact-simulator-designed-to-generate-clinically-relevant-anterior-cruciate-ligament-ruptures
#12
Nathaniel A Bates, Nathan D Schilaty, Christopher V Nagelli, Aaron J Krych, Timothy E Hewett
BACKGROUND: Over 250,000 anterior cruciate ligament ruptures occur each year; therefore, it is important to understand the underlying mechanisms of these injuries. The objective of the current investigation was to develop and analyze an impact test device that consistently produces anterior cruciate ligament failure in a clinically relevant manner. METHOD: A mechanical impact simulator was developed to simulate the ground reaction force impulse generated from landing in a physiologic and clinically relevant manner...
March 10, 2017: Clinical Biomechanics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28318315/the-epidemiology-of-deltoid-ligament-sprains-in-25-national-collegiate-athletic-association-sports-2009-2010-through-2014-2015-academic-years
#13
Elizabeth E Hibberd, Thomas J Kopec, Karen G Roos, Aristarque Djoko, Thomas P Dompier, Zachary Y Kerr
CONTEXT: Deltoid ligament sprains among collegiate student-athletes have not been extensively investigated. Research regarding the mechanisms, participation-restriction time, and recurrence of deltoid ligament sprains in collegiate student-athletes is lacking. OBJECTIVE: To describe the epidemiology of deltoid ligament sprains in 25 National Collegiate Athletic Association championship sports. DESIGN: Descriptive epidemiology study. SETTING: National Collegiate Athletic Association Injury Surveillance Program...
March 20, 2017: Journal of Athletic Training
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28314423/dental-and-orofacial-injuries
#14
REVIEW
Paul Piccininni, Anthony Clough, Ray Padilla, Gabriella Piccininni
Oral and facial injuries are very common in sport, and can be very expensive to treat. Many of these injuries are preventable with proper pre-competition assessment and suitable well-designed protection. Prompt sideline identification and management of orofacial injuries and appropriate follow-up are crucial to successful outcomes. There have been significant recent advances in both trauma management and mouth guard design and fabrication techniques. Athletes have a unique set of challenges-including collisions, finances, travel and training, dehydration, sport beverages, and high carbohydrate diets-that may compromise their oral health...
April 2017: Clinics in Sports Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28314422/maxillofacial-and-mandibular-fractures-in-sports
#15
REVIEW
Christopher F Viozzi
Sports account for 3% to 29% of facial injuries and 10% to 42% of facial fractures. Fractures of the facial skeleton most commonly occur owing to interpersonal violence or motor vehicle crashes. Facial fractures from sporting activities has clearly decreased over time owing to better preventive measures. However, this decreasing trend is offset by the emergence of more dangerous sports activities, or "pushing the envelope" of traditional sports activities. Fractures can occur from contact between athletes, and between athletes and their surroundings...
April 2017: Clinics in Sports Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28314421/nasal-injuries-in-sports
#16
REVIEW
Alexander P Marston, Erin K O'Brien, Grant S Hamilton
Nasal trauma is a common consequence of athletic competition. The nasal bones are the most commonly fractured facial bone and are particularly at risk during sports participation. Acute management of trauma to the nose includes thorough evaluation of all injuries and may require immediate management for repair of facial lacerations, epistaxis control, or septal hematoma drainage. Nasal fractures can often be addressed with closed reduction techniques; however, in the setting of complex nasal trauma, an open approach may be indicated...
April 2017: Clinics in Sports Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28314419/eye-and-orbital-injuries-in-sports
#17
REVIEW
Jonathan A Micieli, Michael Easterbrook
Sports-related eye and orbital injuries continue to occur regularly and may have serious consequences. They are completely preventable when appropriate protection is worn, particularly with polycarbonate lenses. Eye protection is available for most sports and should be worn in accordance with the standards of regional authorities. It is important for first responders to identify red flags in the history and physical examination of an injured athlete for urgent referral to an ophthalmologist. Common sports-related eye injuries include corneal abrasion, subconjunctival hemorrhage, hyphema, vitreous hemorrhage, retinal tears and detachment...
April 2017: Clinics in Sports Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28314418/facial-injuries-in-sports-soft-tissue-injuries-abrasions-contusions-lacerations
#18
REVIEW
Guy L Lanzi
This article reviews the diagnosis and treatment of facial soft tissue injuries in athletics. General diagnostic algorithms are presented, including initial assessment aligned with Advanced Trauma Life Support guidelines. Specific injury types are discussed along with possible collateral damage and adverse sequelae to limit morbidity. Treatment modalities are described using generally accepted principles refined to fit athlete patients. Return-to-play issues are outlined relative to level of participation, with the emphasis on safe return...
April 2017: Clinics in Sports Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28314417/an-algorithmic-approach-to-triaging-facial-trauma-on-the-sidelines
#19
REVIEW
Kristi Colbenson
On-the-field evaluation of facial trauma requires a focused initial assessment of the patient's airway and breathing with a knowledge of the critical associated injuries. The initial triage in facial trauma involves assessing and protecting the athlete's airway, breathing, and cervical spine. The algorithm then requires a repeat evaluation for subtle causes of airway obstruction and aspiration risks. Final steps include control of hemorrhage, recognition of neurologic and ophthalmologic disability, and complete exposure of the athlete to examine for other associated injury...
April 2017: Clinics in Sports Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28314416/prevention-of-sport-related-facial-injuries
#20
REVIEW
Amanda M Black, Declan A Patton, Paul H Eliason, Carolyn A Emery
There is evidence that eye protection, mouth guards, helmets, and face guards are effective in reducing the risk of facial injury; however, such safety practices are not adopted universally by all athletes playing high-risk sports. Underlying beliefs about risk perception, comfort, ineffectiveness, utility, and a lack of awareness or enforcement have been identified as reasons people may not adopt preventive measures. There are several high-risk sports that have not mandated or do not enforce use of protective equipment...
April 2017: Clinics in Sports Medicine
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