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Athletic injury

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28930881/comparing-the-immediate-effects-of-a-total-motion-release-warm-up-and-a-dynamic-warm-up-protocol-on-the-dominant-shoulder-in-baseball-athletes
#1
Stephen C Gamma, Russell Baker, Alan Nasypany, James May, Jeff G Seegmiller, Steven M Iorio
PURPOSE: A decrease in total range of motion (ROM) of the dominant shoulder may predispose baseball athletes to increased shoulder injury risk; the most effective technique for improving ROM is unknown. The purpose of this study was to compare the immediate effects of Total Motion Release® (TMR) to a generic dynamic warm-up program in baseball athletes. METHODS: Baseball athletes (n=20) were randomly assigned to an intervention group: TMR® group (TMRG; n=10) or traditional warm-up group (TWG; n=10)...
September 11, 2017: Journal of Strength and Conditioning Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28930873/preseason-functional-test-scores-are-associated-with-future-sports-injury-in-female-collegiate-athletes
#2
Jason Brumitt, Bryan Heiderscheit, Robert Manske, Paul E Niemuth, Alma Mattocks, Mitchell J Rauh
Recent prospective cohort studies have reported preseason functional performance test (FPT) measures and associations with future risk of injury; however, the findings associated with these studies have been equivocal. The purpose of this study was to determine the ability of a battery of FPTs as a preseason screening tool to identify female Division III (D III) collegiate athletes who may be at risk for a non-contact time-loss injury to the lower quadrant [LQ = low back and lower extremities]. One hundred six female D III athletes were recruited for this study...
September 11, 2017: Journal of Strength and Conditioning Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28930872/improving-vertical-jump-profiles-through-prescribed-movement-plans
#3
John K Mayberry, Bryce Patterson, Phil Wagner
Developing practical, reliable, and valid methods for monitoring athlete wellness and injury risk is an important goal for trainers, athletes, and coaches. Previous studies have shown that the countermovement vertical jump test (CMJ) is both a reliable and valid metric for evaluating an athlete's condition. This study examines the effectiveness of prescribed workouts on improving quality of movement during CMJ. The dataset consists of 2425 pairs of CMJ scans for high school, college, and professional athletes training at a privately owned facility...
September 11, 2017: Journal of Strength and Conditioning Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28930492/time-trends-in-concussion-symptom-presentation-and-assessment-methods-in-high-school-athletes
#4
Dustin W Currie, Matthew J Kraeutler, John B Schrock, Eric C McCarty, R Dawn Comstock
BACKGROUND: Concussion rates have increased significantly over the past decade. This may reflect an increase in the knowledge and diagnosis of the symptoms of a concussion rather than a true increase in the incidence. Assessing trends in the way that concussions are presenting to and being identified by clinicians over the same period may provide additional insight into the apparent rise in concussions. PURPOSE: To evaluate patterns of change in concussion symptom presentation, diagnostic/evaluation methods, and symptom resolution time reported for United States high school athletes from the 2007-2008 through 2014-2015 academic years...
September 1, 2017: American Journal of Sports Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28928492/analyzing-injuries-among-university-level-athletes-prevalence-patterns-and-risk-factors
#5
Jean Lemoyne, Caroline Poulin, Nadia Richer, André Bussières
BACKGROUND: Scientific evidence suggests many health benefits are associated with sport participation. However, high intensity participation may be related to an increased risk of musculoskeletal injuries. OBJECTIVES: This study aims to: 1) describe the prevalence and patterns of sports injuries, and 2) identify its associated risk factors. METHODS: A cross-sectional design was used. University level athletes, involved in 7 sport disciplines reported musculoskeletal injuries sustained in the past year, as well as potential risk factors: training volume and antecedent sport participation...
August 2017: Journal of the Canadian Chiropractic Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28927769/spontaneous-healing-of-a-tear-of-an-anterior-cruciate-ligament-graft-a-case-report
#6
Natalie Yu Yi Ng, Barry Wei Loong Tan, Lingaraj Krishna
BACKGROUND: Almost 30% of young athletic patients sustain a second anterior cruciate ligament (ACL) injury within 24months of their ACL reconstruction and returning to pivoting sports. Most patients with high athletic demand and significant anteroposterior instability often require ACL revision surgery to restore their pre-injury activity levels. CASE REPORT: A 24-year old gentleman ruptured his hamstring tendon autograft during a twisting injury seven months after his ACL reconstruction...
September 16, 2017: Knee
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28921609/biomarkers-for-equine-joint-injury-and-osteoarthritis
#7
REVIEW
C Wayne McIlwraith, Christopher E Kawcak, David D Frisbie, Christopher B Little, Peter D Clegg, Mandy J Peffers, Morten A Karsdal, Stina Ekman, Sheila Laverty, Richard A Slayden, Linda J Sandell, L Stefan Lohmander, Virginia B Kraus
We report the results of a symposium aimed at identifying validated biomarkers that can be used to complement clinical observations for diagnosis and prognosis of joint injury leading to equine osteoarthritis (OA). Biomarkers might also predict pre-fracture change that could lead to catastrophic bone failure in equine athletes. The workshop was attended by leading scientists in the fields of equine and human musculoskeletal biomarkers to enable cross-disciplinary exchange and improve knowledge in both. Detailed proceedings with strategic planning was written, added to, edited and referenced to develop this manuscript...
September 16, 2017: Journal of Orthopaedic Research: Official Publication of the Orthopaedic Research Society
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28920556/the-effects-of-limb-dominance-and-a-short-term-high-intensity-exercise-protocol-on-both-landings-of-the-vertical-drop-jump-implications-for-the-vertical-drop-jump-as-a-screening-tool
#8
Enda F Whyte, Patrick Kennelly, Oliver Milton, Chris Richter, Siobhán O'Connor, Kieran A Moran
The effectiveness of vertical drop jumps (VDJs) to screen for non-contact ACL injuries is unclear. This may be contributed to by discrete point analysis, which does not evaluate patterns of movement. Also, limited research exists on the second landing of VDJs, potential lower limb performance asymmetries and the effect of fatigue. Statistical parametric mapping investigated the main effects of landing, limb dominance and a high intensity, intermittent exercise protocol (HIIP) on VDJ biomechanics. Twenty-two male athletes (21...
September 18, 2017: Sports Biomechanics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28919268/depression-and-sports-related-concussion-a-systematic-review
#9
Antoine Yrondi, David Brauge, Johanne LeMen, Christophe Arbus, Jérémie Pariente
CONTEXT: Head injuries are risk factors for chronic depressive disorders, but this association remains poorly explored with regards to concussion. OBJECTIVES: The objective of this review was to evaluate the incidence of depressive symptoms and depression after sports-related concussion. We also endeavored to identify the response elements regarding the pathophysiology of these symptoms. METHODS: A systematic search of PubMed and Embase was conducted focusing on papers published until 1st December, 2016, according to PRISMA criteria The following MESH terms were used: (concussion or traumatic brain injury) and sport and (depression or depressive disorder)...
September 14, 2017: La Presse Médicale
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28919185/epidemiology-of-cervical-spine-injuries-in-high-school-athletes-over-a-ten-year-period
#10
Adele Meron, Christopher McMullen, Scott R Laker, Dustin Currie, R Dawn Comstock
BACKGROUND: Over 7 million athletes participate in high school (HS) sports annually, with both the benefits of physical activity and risks of injury. While catastrophic cervical spine injuries have been studied, limited data are available characterizing less severe cervical spine injuries in HS athletes. OBJECTIVE: To describe and compare cervical spine injury rates and patterns among United States (US) HS athletes across 24 sports over a ten-year period. DESIGN: Descriptive epidemiology study SETTING: National sample of high schools participating in the High School Reporting Information Online (High School RIO) injury surveillance system...
September 12, 2017: PM & R: the Journal of Injury, Function, and Rehabilitation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28918789/-treatment-of-anterior-cruciate-ligament-ruptures
#11
Uffe Jørgensen, Michal Rindom Krogsgaard
Anterior cruciate ligament (ACL) injuries are typically seen in cutting sports. Rehabilitation can be tried in athletes in non-cutting sports and in recreational athletes. If knee instability is experienced, the cessation of risk activities or reduction in activity level are recommended. With recurrent episodes of instability ACL-reconstruction is recommended. 65% return to sports at preinjury level after ACL-reconstruction, 18% after non-operated partial rupture and 7% after non-operated total rupture.
September 18, 2017: Ugeskrift for Laeger
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28918649/characterizing-verified-head-impacts-in-high-school-girls-lacrosse
#12
Shane V Caswell, Andrew E Lincoln, Hannah Stone, Patricia Kelshaw, Margot Putukian, Lisa Hepburn, Michael Higgins, Nelson Cortes
BACKGROUND: Girls' high school lacrosse players have higher rates of head and facial injuries than boys. Research indicates that these injuries are caused by stick, player, and ball contacts. Yet, no studies have characterized head impacts in girls' high school lacrosse. PURPOSE: To characterize girls' high school lacrosse game-related impacts by frequency, magnitude, mechanism, player position, and game situation. STUDY DESIGN: Descriptive epidemiology study...
September 1, 2017: American Journal of Sports Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28918506/young-athletes-after-acl-reconstruction-with-quadriceps-strength-asymmetry-at-the-time-of-return-to-sport-demonstrate-decreased-knee-function-1%C3%A2-year-later
#13
Matthew P Ithurburn, Alex R Altenburger, Staci Thomas, Timothy E Hewett, Mark V Paterno, Laura C Schmitt
PURPOSE: Quadriceps femoris (QF) strength deficits at return-to-sport (RTS) after ACL reconstruction (ACLR) contribute to decreased knee function at the same time point. However, the impact of QF strength at RTS on longitudinal function has not been examined. The purpose of this study was to test the hypothesis that young athletes after ACLR with QF strength asymmetry at RTS would demonstrate decreased knee-related function and lower proportions of functional recovery at 1 year post-RTS compared to young athletes following ACLR with nearly symmetric QF strength at RTS...
September 16, 2017: Knee Surgery, Sports Traumatology, Arthroscopy: Official Journal of the ESSKA
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28918117/mild-traumatic-brain-injury-in-a-high-school-football-player-with-familial-hemiplegic-migraine-a-case-report
#14
Manisha R Chand, Sumit Kanwar, Evan Peck
Mild traumatic brain injury is a major concern in young athletes, with an estimated 1.6 to 3.8 million reported concussions in the US annually. Familial hemiplegic migraine is a rare autosomal-dominant condition characterized by sporadic episodes of transient unilateral motor weakness which may begin at any age. We present a case of a 17-year-old male with a history of familial hemiplegic migraine who suffered prolonged symptoms following a mild traumatic brain injury during sports participation.
September 13, 2017: PM & R: the Journal of Injury, Function, and Rehabilitation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28917521/midterm-results-of-combined-intra-and-extra-articular-acl-reconstruction-compared-to-historical-acl-reconstruction-data-multicenter-study-of-the-francophone-society-of-arthroscopy
#15
P Imbert, S Lustig, C Steltzlen, C Batailler, P Colombet, F Dalmay, S Bertiaux, P D'ingrado, F P Ehkirch, M L Louis, R Pailhé, J C Panisset, B Schlaterrer, B Sonnery-Cottet, L Sigwalt, D Saragaglia, C Lutz
INTRODUCTION: During anterior cruciate ligament (ACL) reconstruction procedures, anterolateral reconstruction (ALR) can also be performed to improve the knee's rotational stability. However, the effectiveness of this supplemental technique and its impact on the risk of retears and on the onset of secondary degenerative changesare controversial. HYPOTHESIS: ALR improves control over the pivot shift, reduces the retear risk and delays the appearance of secondary degenerative lesions...
September 13, 2017: Orthopaedics & Traumatology, Surgery & Research: OTSR
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28916167/structural-neuroimaging-in-sport-related-concussion
#16
Erin D Bigler
Structural neuroimaging of athletes who have sustained a sports-related concussion (SRC) can be viewed as either standard clinical imaging or with advanced neuroimaging methods that quantitatively assess brain structure. Negative findings from conventional computed tomography (CT) or magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) are the norm in SRC. Nonetheless, these conventional measures remain the first line of neuroimaging of the athlete as they do detect clinically significant pathologies, when present, such as hemorrhagic abnormalities in the form of hematomas, contusions and mircobleeds along with regions of focal encephalomalacia or other signal abnormalities, with CT best capable of detecting skull fractures...
September 12, 2017: International Journal of Psychophysiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28915772/hypermobility-in-adolescent-athletes-pain-functional-ability-quality-of-life-and-musculoskeletal-injuries
#17
Heidi Schmidt, Trine Lykke Pedersen, Tina Junge, Raoul Engelbert, Birgit Juul-Kristensen
Study Design Cross-sectional. Background Generalised joint hypermobility (GJH) may increase pain and likelihood of injuries and also decrease function and health-related quality of life (HRQoL) in elite level adolescent athletes. Objectives To assess the prevalence of GJH in elite level adolescent athletes, and to study the association of GJH with pain, function, HRQoL, and musculoskeletal injuries. Methods A total of 132 elite level adolescent athletes (36 males; 96 females), mean (SD) age 14.0 (0.9) years, participated (n=22 ballet dancers, n=57 teamgym gymnasts, n=53 team handball players)...
September 15, 2017: Journal of Orthopaedic and Sports Physical Therapy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28912731/long-term-athletic-development-in-youth-alpine-ski-racing-the-effect-of-physical-fitness-ski-racing-technique-anthropometrics-and-biological-maturity-status-on-injuries
#18
Lisa Müller, Carolin Hildebrandt, Erich Müller, Christian Fink, Christian Raschner
Alpine ski racing is known to be a sport with a high risk of injuries. Because most studies have focused mainly on top-level athletes and on traumatic injuries, limited research exists about injury risk factors among youth ski racers. The aim of this study was to determine the intrinsic risk factors (anthropometrics, biological maturity, physical fitness, racing technique) for injury among youth alpine ski racers. Study participants were 81 youth ski racers attending a ski boarding school (50 males, 31 females; 9-14 years)...
2017: Frontiers in Physiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28911275/associations-between-retirement-reasons-chronic-pain-athletic-identity-and-depressive-symptoms-among-former-professional-footballers
#19
George Sanders, Clare Stevinson
BACKGROUND: Retirement from professional sport has been recognised as a major psychological stressor, and there is a need to identify factors that increase the risk of mental health problems after career termination. The current study examined associations between career-ending injury, chronic pain, athletic identity, and depressive symptomology in retired professional footballers. METHODS: A cross-sectional study was performed with 307 retired male footballers who had played within a professional United Kingdom league...
September 14, 2017: European Journal of Sport Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28904982/preseason-aerobic-fitness-predicts-in-season-injury-and-illness-in-female-youth-athletes
#20
Andrew Watson, Stacey Brickson, M Alison Brooks, Warren Dunn
BACKGROUND: Although preseason aerobic fitness has been suggested as a modifiable risk factor for injury in adult athletes, the relationship between aerobic fitness, injury, and illness in youth athletes is unknown. PURPOSE: To determine whether preseason aerobic fitness predicts in-season injury and illness risk in female adolescent soccer players. STUDY DESIGN: Case-control study; Level of evidence, 3. METHODS: Fifty-four female adolescent soccer players underwent preseason evaluation to determine years of experience, body mass index (BMI), maximal aerobic capacity (VO2max), and time to exhaustion (Tmax) during cycle ergometer testing...
September 2017: Orthopaedic Journal of Sports Medicine
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