Read by QxMD icon Read


Yves Claude Guillaume, Lydie Lethier, Claire André
TRAIL is a member of the TNF family of cytokines which induces apoptosis of cancer cells via its binding to its cognate receptors, DR5 a high affinity site and DR4 a site of low affinity. Our working group has recently demonstrated that nanovectorization of TRAIL with single wall carbon nanotubes (abbreviated NPT) enhanced TRAIL affinity to the high affinity site DR5 and increased pro apoptotic potential in different human tumor cell lines. In this paper, the DR4 low affinity site was immobilized on a chromatographic support and the effect of temperature on a wide temperature range 1°C-50°C was studied to calculate the thermodynamic parameters of the binding of TRAIL and NPT to DR4 and DR5 receptors...
October 12, 2016: Journal of Chromatography. B, Analytical Technologies in the Biomedical and Life Sciences
Tatsuya Joutsuka, Akihiro Morita
Difference spectroscopy between two close systems is widely used to augment its selectivity to the different part of the observed system, though the molecular dynamics calculation of tiny difference spectra would be computationally extraordinary demanding by subtraction of two spectra. Therefore, we have proposed an efficient computational algorithm of difference spectra without resorting to the subtraction. The present paper reports our extension of the theoretical method in the isothermal-isobaric (NPT) ensemble...
October 10, 2016: Journal of Physical Chemistry. B
Tânia V Pinto, Paula Costa, Céu M Sousa, Carlos A D Sousa, Clara Pereira, Carla J S M Silva, Manuel Fernando R Pereira, Paulo J Coelho, Cristina Freire
Photochromic silica nanoparticles (SiO2@NPT), fabricated through covalent immobilization of silylated naphthopyrans based on 2H-naphtho[1,2-b]pyran (S1, S2) and 3H-naphtho[2,1-b]pyran (S3, S4) or through direct adsorption of parent naphthopyrans (NPT 1, 3) onto silica nanoparticles, were successfully incorporated onto cotton fabrics by screen-printing process. Two aqueous acrylic (AC) and polyurethane (PU)-based inks were used as dispersing media. All textiles exhibited reversible photochromism under UV and solar irradiation, developing fast response and intense coloration...
October 5, 2016: ACS Applied Materials & Interfaces
Onder Canguven, Raidh A Talib, Walid El-Ansari, Ahmed Shamsoddini, Mahmoud Salman, Abdulla Al-Ansari
BACKGROUND: Late-onset hypogonadism (LOH) presents with low serum testosterone (TT) levels and sexual and nonsexual symptoms. Erectile dysfunction affects a man's self-esteem and as a result partner relationship and quality of life. OBJECTIVES: To investigate the andrological clinical profile outcomes of testosterone therapy (TTh) in men (n = 88) with symptomatic LOH complaints and symptoms. MAIN OUTCOME MEASURES: Erectile function was assessed using the International Index of Erectile Function-5 questionnaire at baseline and at 6 and 12 months of TTh...
October 1, 2016: Aging Male: the Official Journal of the International Society for the Study of the Aging Male
H Schaaf, S Weiß, G Hesse
Treating tinnitus with the resources offered in hospitals can become necessary for patients suffering from complex tinnitus if a high symptom severity, usually accompanied by a corresponding psychosomatic comorbidity, is present. For such costly therapies, for example, the neuro-otologic psychosomatic tinnitus therapy (NPT) examined here, the long-term effect is particularly important; however, reliable catamnesis studies for inpatient treatments are not yet available. Data from 169 (from a total of 327 contacted) inpatients suffering from complex tinnitus were analysed here...
September 28, 2016: European Archives of Oto-rhino-laryngology
Rodrigo Barboza Nunes, Bruno Francisco Müller, Federico Enrique Garcia Cipriano, Pedro Soler Coltro, Jayme Adriano Farina
Treatment of bronchial fistula (BF) after pulmonary lobectomy is a challenge. Often, patients require long hospital stay, have recurrent empyema and pneumonia, are susceptible to sepsis, often need broad-spectrum antibiotics, as well as various surgical approaches. With the advent and growing evidence of the benefits of negative pressure therapy (NPT), its use in some patients with BF has been reported with encouraging results concerning its feasibility and cost-effectiveness. The aim of this study was to demonstrate the application of NPT as a resource for BF treatment and comparatively analyze the overall cost of treatment...
July 2016: Revista do Colégio Brasileiro de Cirurgiões
Masafumi Haraguchi, Hisamitsu Miyaaki, Tatsuki Ichikawa, Hidetaka Shibata, Takuya Honda, Eisuke Ozawa, Satoshi Miuma, Naota Taura, Fuminao Takeshima, Kazuhiko Nakao
BACKGROUND: Sleep disturbance and decreased health-related quality of life (HRQOL) are significant complaints in patients with liver cirrhosis. Although the etiology of these complications is unclear, we propose that glucose intolerance may be a predisposing factor. Therefore, our aim was to investigate the relationship between glucose intolerance and these complications. METHODS: We assessed continuous glucose monitoring in 43 patients with chronic liver disease...
September 13, 2016: Hepatology International
Joanne Reeve, Lucy Cooper, Sean Harrington, Peter Rosbottom, Jane Watkins
BACKGROUND: Health services face the challenges created by complex problems, and so need complex intervention solutions. However they also experience ongoing difficulties in translating findings from research in this area in to quality improvement changes on the ground. BounceBack was a service development innovation project which sought to examine this issue through the implementation and evaluation in a primary care setting of a novel complex intervention. METHODS: The project was a collaboration between a local mental health charity, an academic unit, and GP practices...
2016: BMC Health Services Research
Ian M Kenney, Oliver Beckstein, Bogdan I Iorga
All-atom molecular dynamics simulations were used to predict water-cyclohexane distribution coefficients [Formula: see text] of a range of small molecules as part of the SAMPL5 blind prediction challenge. Molecules were parameterized with the transferable all-atom OPLS-AA force field, which required the derivation of new parameters for sulfamides and heterocycles and validation of cyclohexane parameters as a solvent. The distribution coefficient was calculated from the solvation free energies of the compound in water and cyclohexane...
August 31, 2016: Journal of Computer-aided Molecular Design
Małgorzata Leśniak, Wojciech Dyga, Barbara Rusinek, Marcel Mazur, Ewa Czarnobilska
INTRODUCTION    Allergic rhinitis (AR) is the most common atopic disease. Specific immunotherapy (SIT) is the only effective treatment method for AR. In uncertain diagnostic cases, before establishing eligibility for SIT, nasal provocation tests (NPTs) should be performed. However, there are numerous contraindications to performing NPTs, and there is ongoing search for an alternative in vitro method. OBJECTIVES    The aim of the study was to determine whether a specific in vitro provocation, that is, the basophil activation test (BAT), may replace a specific in vivo provocation, that is, the NPT, in establishing patient's eligibility for SIT...
August 25, 2016: Polskie Archiwum Medycyny Wewnętrznej
Xianxiang Xu, Canghai Li, Pan Zhou, Tingliang Jiang
CONTEXT: Hyperuricaemia is known as an abnormally increased uric acid level in the blood. Although it was observed many years ago, since uric acid excretion via the intestine pathway accounted for approximately one-third of total elimination of uric acid, the molecular mechanism of 'extra-renal excretion' was poorly understood until the finding of uric acid transporters. OBJECTIVE: The objective of this study was to gather all information related to uric acid transporters in the intestine and present this information as a comprehensive and systematic review article...
August 26, 2016: Pharmaceutical Biology
Han Ding, Guodong Wang, Lili Lou, Jinyin Lv
Selection of kenaf species with chromium (Cr) tolerance and exploring the physiological mechanisms involved in Cr tolerance are crucial for application of these species to phyto-remediation. In the present study, a hydroponic experiment was conducted to investigate the variation in two kenaf cultivars, K39-2 and Zhe50-3 under Cr stress. At the same Cr concentration, the tolerance index (TI) of K39-2 was higher than that of Zhe50-3, indicating that K39-2 may be more tolerant to Cr than Zhe50-3. It was also observed that high concentration of chromium was accumulated both in the shoots and the roots of Hibiscus cannabinus L...
November 2016: Ecotoxicology and Environmental Safety
Luis G Fernández
Traditionally, the surgical approach to managing abdominal injuries was to assess the extent of trauma, repair any damage and close the abdomen in one definitive procedure rather than leave the abdomen open. With advances in medicine, damage control surgery using temporary abdominal closure methods is being used to manage the open abdomen (OA) when closure is not possible. Although OA management is often observed in traumatic injuries, the extension of damage control surgery concepts, in conjunction with OA, for the management of the septic patient requires that the general surgeon who is faced with these challenges has a comprehensive knowledge of this complex subject...
September 2016: International Wound Journal
Shenaz Ahmed, Judith Hayward, Mushtaq Ahmed
BACKGROUND: Improving access for relatives at-risk of genetic conditions by building referral systems from primary care to genetic services is well recognised. OBJECTIVES: This study aimed to explore primary care professionals' (PCPs) views about using a short, seven-item family history questionnaire (S-FHQ) as an intervention for identifying at-risk relatives of patients with a genetic condition in routine primary care for referral to genetic services. METHOD: This qualitative study was conducted in the UK in 2013-14...
August 17, 2016: Family Practice
Jodi Summers Holtrop, Georges Potworowski, Laurie Fitzpatrick, Amy Kowalk, Lee A Green
BACKGROUND: Care management in primary care can be effective in helping patients with chronic disease improve their health status, however, primary care practices are often challenged with implementation. Further, there are different ways to structure care management that may make implementation more or less successful. Normalization process theory (NPT) provides a means of understanding how a new complex intervention can become routine (normalized) in practice. In this study, we used NPT to understand how care management structure affected how well care management became routine in practice...
2016: BMC Health Services Research
Asu Ziylan-Yavaş, Nilsun H Ince
Elimination/mineralization of paracetamol (PCT) was investigated by catalytic oxidation under ultrasound, UV and both. The catalyst was synthesized by immobilization of nPt on TiO2 to benefit from the ability of Pt to facilitate charge transfer processes and to separate e(-)/h(+) pairs. It was found that increasing the Pt-loading enhanced the rate of sonochemical reactions, but retarded that of photolytic reactions, due to reduced UV absorption on the surface. Simultaneous application of sonolysis and photolysis was synergistic due to disaggregation of the particles and homogenization of the active species over the catalyst surface...
November 2016: Chemosphere
Rakesh Gupta, D B Sridhar, Beena Rai
Stratum Corneum (SC), the outermost layer of skin, is mainly responsible for skin's barrier function. The complex lipid matrix of SC determines these barrier properties. In this study, the lipid matrix is modeled as an equimolar mixture of ceramide (CER), cholesterol (CHOL), and free fatty acid (FFA). The permeation of water, oxygen, ethanol, acetic acid, urea, butanol, benzene, dimethyl sulfoxide (DMSO), toluene, phenol, styrene, and ethylbenzene across this layer is studied using a constrained MD simulations technique...
September 1, 2016: Journal of Physical Chemistry. B
José G Solano Canchaya, Alain Dequidt, Florent Goujon, Patrice Malfreyt
A new Bayesian method was recently introduced for developing coarse-grain (CG) force fields for molecular dynamics. The CG models designed for dissipative particle dynamics (DPD) are optimized based on trajectory matching. Here we extend this method to improve transferability across thermodynamic conditions. We demonstrate the capability of the method by developing a CG model of n-pentane from constant-NPT atomistic simulations of bulk liquid phases and we apply the CG-DPD model to the calculation of the surface tension of the liquid-vapor interface over a large range of temperatures...
August 7, 2016: Journal of Chemical Physics
Nouha Soudani, Souad Najar-Souissi, Victor K Abderkader-Fernandez, Abdelmottalab Ouederni
Nitrogen plasma treatment (NPT) of activated carbon (AC) at different conditions was carried out to introduce nitrogen-containing groups onto olive stone-activated carbon (OSAC) surfaces. Textural characteristics of raw and irradiated samples were analyzed by N2 and CO2 adsorption. Surface chemical functional groups were analyzed by X-ray photoelectron spectrometry (XPS) and Fourier Transformed Infrared spectroscopy. The results showed that after NPT, the surface textural properties of irradiated OSAC were slightly damaged, and a gradual decrease in surface area and pore volume was observed during the irradiation...
August 3, 2016: Environmental Technology
Kaan Sonmez, Ramazan Karabulut, Zafer Turkyilmaz, Cem Kaya, Yildiz Pehlivan, A Can Basaklar
OBJECTIVE: Data on the prevalence of patent processus vaginalis (PPV) and hernia in patients with cryptorchidism are controversial. While some pediatric surgeons do not dissect the processus vaginalis (PV), most prefer to do so to prevent hernia formation and to achieve an effective orchiopexy outcome. This study was performed to evaluate the importance of dissection and high ligation of the PV during treatment of undescended testis (UT). METHODS: The clinical findings and surgical procedures of 55 patients with UT were retrospectively investigated...
2016: Rambam Maimonides Medical Journal
Fetch more papers »
Fetching more papers... Fetching...
Read by QxMD. Sign in or create an account to discover new knowledge that matter to you.
Remove bar
Read by QxMD icon Read

Search Tips

Use Boolean operators: AND/OR

diabetic AND foot
diabetes OR diabetic

Exclude a word using the 'minus' sign

Virchow -triad

Use Parentheses

water AND (cup OR glass)

Add an asterisk (*) at end of a word to include word stems

Neuro* will search for Neurology, Neuroscientist, Neurological, and so on

Use quotes to search for an exact phrase

"primary prevention of cancer"
(heart or cardiac or cardio*) AND arrest -"American Heart Association"