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"common cold"

Vendela K Lagerholm, Edson Sandoval-Castellanos, Amélie Vaniscotte, Olga R Potapova, Teresa Tomek, Zbigniew M Bochenski, Paul Shepherd, Nick Barton, Marie-Claire Van Dyck, Rebecca Miller, Jacob Höglund, Nigel G Yoccoz, Love Dalén, John R Stewart
Global warming is predicted to cause substantial habitat rearrangements, with the most severe effects expected to occur in high-latitude biomes. However, one major uncertainty is whether species will be able to shift their ranges to keep pace with climate-driven environmental changes. Many recent studies on mammals have shown that past range contractions have been associated with local extinctions rather than survival by habitat tracking. Here, we have used an interdisciplinary approach that combines ancient DNA techniques, coalescent simulations and species distribution modelling, to investigate how two common cold-adapted bird species, willow and rock ptarmigan (Lagopus lagopus and Lagopus muta), respond to long-term climate warming...
October 20, 2016: Global Change Biology
Laura Bubba, Marianna Martinelli, Laura Pellegrinelli, Valeria Primache, Elisabetta Tanzi, Elena Pariani, Sandro Binda
BACKGROUND: Human parechovirus (HPeV) and enterovirus (EV) infections are widespread and can lead to a broad range of symptoms, from the common cold to severe disease. Due to the lack of Italian data, this 4-year retrospective cross-sectional study aimed to investigate the frequency, seasonality and molecular characteristics of EV and HPeV circulating in children younger than 5 years. METHODS: 812 samples were collected from children ≤5 years (56.5% males; median age: 20...
September 30, 2016: Pediatric Infectious Disease Journal
Laura Deckx, An Im De Sutter, Linda Guo, Nabiel A Mir, Mieke L van Driel
BACKGROUND: Many treatments for the common cold exist and are sold over-the-counter. Nevertheless, evidence on the effectiveness and safety of nasal decongestants is limited. OBJECTIVES: To assess the efficacy, and short- and long-term safety, of nasal decongestants used in monotherapy to alleviate symptoms of the common cold in adults and children. SEARCH METHODS: We searched the Cochrane Central Register of Controlled Trials (CENTRAL, Issue 6, June 2016), which contains the Cochrane Acute Respiratory Infections (ARI) Specialised Register, MEDLINE (1946 to July 2016), Embase (2010 to 15 July 2016), CINAHL (1981 to 15 July 2016), LILACS (1982 to July 2016), Web of Science (1955 to July 2016) and clinical trials registers...
October 17, 2016: Cochrane Database of Systematic Reviews
Rohit Tejwani, Hsin-Hsiao S Wang, Jessica C Lloyd, Paul J Kokorowski, Caleb P Nelson, Jonathan C Routh
BACKGROUND: The advent of online task-distribution has opened a new avenue to efficiently gather community perspectives needed for utility estimation. Methodological consensus for estimating pediatric utilities is lacking, with disagreement over whom to sample, what perspective (patient vs. parent), and whether instrument-induced anchoring bias is significant. We sought to determine what methodological factors potentially impact utility estimates for vesicoureteral reflux (VUR). DESIGN: Cross-sectional surveys using a time-trade-off (TTO) instrument were conducted via Amazon's Mechanical Turk online interface; respondents were randomized to answer questions from child, parent, or dyad perspectives on the utility of a VUR health state and one of three "warm-up" scenarios (paralysis, common cold, none) prior to a VUR scenario...
October 13, 2016: Journal of Urology
Woo-Young Jeon, In-Sik Shin, Hyeun-Kyoo Shin, Seong Eun Jin, Mee-Young Lee
Gumiganghwal-tang is a traditional herbal prescription that is used widely for the treatment of the common cold and inflammatory diseases in Korea and other Asian countries. In this study, we investigated the protective effects of a Gumiganghwal-tang aqueous extract (GGTA) against airway inflammation and pulmonary fibrosis using a mouse model of chronic asthma. Chronic asthma was modeled in BALB/c mice via sensitization/challenge with an intraperitoneal injection of 1% ovalbumin (OVA) and inhalation of nebulized 1% OVA for 4 weeks...
2016: PloS One
Anika Thielmann, Biljana Gerasimovska-Kitanovska, Krzysztof Buczkowski, Tuomas H Koskela, Vildan Mevsim, Slawomir Czachowski, Ferdinando Petrazzuoli, Marija Petek-Šter, Heidrun Lingner, Robert D Hoffman, Selda Tekiner, Juliette Chambe, Tamer Edirne, Kathryn Hoffmann, Enzo Pirrotta, Ayşegül Uludağ, Hülya Yikilkan, Sanda Kreitmayer Pestic, Andrzej Zielinski, Clara Guede Fernández, Birgitta Weltermann
Background. Patients use self-care to relieve symptoms of common colds, yet little is known about the prevalence and patterns across Europe. Methods/Design. In a cross-sectional study 27 primary care practices from 14 countries distributed 120 questionnaires to consecutive patients (≥18 years, any reason for consultation). A 27-item questionnaire asked for patients' self-care for their last common cold. Results. 3,074 patients from 27 European sites participated. Their mean age was 46.7 years, and 62.5% were females...
2016: Evidence-based Complementary and Alternative Medicine: ECAM
Kazuya Shirato, Kazuhiko Kanou, Miyuki Kawase, Shutoku Matsuyama
: Human coronavirus 229E (HCoV-229E), a causative agent of the common cold, enters host cells via two distinct pathways: one is mediated by cell surface proteases, particularly transmembrane protease serine 2 (TMPRSS2), and the other by endosomal cathepsin L. Thus, specific inhibitors of these proteases block virus infection. However, it is unclear which of these pathways is actually utilized by HCoV-229E in the human respiratory tract. Here, we examined the mechanism of cell entry used by a pseudotyped virus bearing the HCoV-229E spike (S) protein in the presence/absence of protease inhibitors...
October 12, 2016: Journal of Virology
Sae-Rom Yoo, Yeji Kim, Mee-Young Lee, Ohn-Soon Kim, Chang-Seob Seo, Hyeun-Kyoo Shin, Soo-Jin Jeong
BACKGROUND: Gyeji-tang (GJT, Guizhi Tang in Chinese, Keishi-to in Japanese) is a traditional herbal decoction composed of 5 medicinal herbs. GJT has been used to treat the common cold, headaches, and fever in Asian countries including Korea, China, and Japan. In the present study, we investigated the inhibitory effect of a water extract of GJT on inflammatory response using the murine macrophage cell line, RAW 264.7. METHODS: RAW 264.7 macrophages were treated with lipopolysaccharide (LPS) to upregulate inflammatory genes...
October 12, 2016: BMC Complementary and Alternative Medicine
Nanthanit Pholphana, Duangchit Panomvana, Nuchanart Rangkadilok, Tawit Suriyo, Porranee Puranajoti, Teerapat Ungtrakul, Wanwisa Pongpun, Saichit Thaeopattha, Phanit Songvut, Jutamaad Satayavivad
ETHNOPHARMACOLOGICAL RELEVANCE: Andrographis paniculata is included in 'The National List of Essential Herbal Drugs A.D. 1999' of Thailand as an herbal drug for the treatment of common cold symptoms and non-infectious diarrhea. The therapeutic activities of A. paniculata are attributed to four major active diterpenoids: andrographolide (1), 14-deoxy-11, 12-didehydroandrographolide (2), neoandrographolide (3), and 14-deoxyandrographolide (4). However, the pharmacokinetic studies in humans of this plant were performed after a single oral dose administration and reported the parameters related to be of only 1...
October 1, 2016: Journal of Ethnopharmacology
Daudi Simba, Deodatus Kakoko, Innocent Semali, Anna Kessy, Martha Embrey
INTRODUCTION: Private sector drug shops are an important source of medicines in Tanzania. In 2003, the government introduced the accredited drug dispensing outlet (ADDO) program to improve access to good-quality medicines in rural and peri-urban areas that have frequent drug shortages in public health facilities and few or no registered pharmacies. However, increasing access may also contribute to antimicrobial resistance (AMR) due to the potential overuse and misuse of drugs. METHODS: We conducted a cross-sectional household survey in four regions in mainland Tanzaniato characterize consumer care-seeking habits and medicines use and to determine the extent to which members of the community are knowledgeable about antimicrobials and AMR...
2016: PloS One
Shuhua Deng, Wencan Huang, Xiaojia Ni, Ming Zhang, Haoyang Lu, Zhanzhang Wang, Jinqing Hu, Xiuqing Zhu, Chang Qiu, Dewei Shang, Yuefeng Zhang, Linghui Xiong, Yuguan Wen
1. A new oral liquid formulation combining guaifenesin, pseudoephedrine and hydrocodone is effective in improving the symptoms of common cold. The pharmacokinetic properties of the individual components were evaluated in a randomized, open-label, 4-period study in 12 healthy Chinese volunteers following single and multiple doses. The data were compared with data for the individual ingredients in Antuss(®). 2. In the single-dose period, exposure levels (AUC and Cmax) for guaifenesin, pseudoephedrine and hydrocodone increased directly as the dose of the oral liquid formulation increased from 5 to 15 mL...
September 23, 2016: Xenobiotica; the Fate of Foreign Compounds in Biological Systems
Kyun Ha Kim, Ji Yeon Lee, Min Jung Kwun, Jun-Young Choi, Chang Woo Han, Ki-Tae Ha, Seung-Il Jeong, Han-Sol Jeong, Myungsoo Joo
ETHNOPHARMACOLOGICAL RELEVANCE: Mahaenggamseok-tang (MHGST), an herbal formula in traditional Asian medicine, has been used to treat patients with various pulmonary diseases including common cold and influenza. However, the potential therapeutic effect of MHGST on acute lung injury (ALI), a leading cause of death worldwide, and the anti-inflammatory mechanisms of MHGST remained less understood. MATERIALS AND METHODS: The methanol extract of MHGST was prepared and fingerprinted by HPLC...
November 4, 2016: Journal of Ethnopharmacology
Sunghee Bang, Thi Kim Quy Ha, Changyeol Lee, Wei Li, Won-Keun Oh, Sang Hee Shim
ETHNOPHARMACOLOGICAL RELEVANCE: Salvia plebeia R. Br. is an edible plant widely spread in many countries. It has been used as a traditional medicine to treat common cold, flu, cough, hepatitis, hemorrhoids, etc. The purpose of the study is to explicate antiviral compounds responsible for its traditional use for the common cold or flu. MATERIALS AND METHODS: The methanolic extract of the aerial parts of S. plebeia was extracted with CHCl3, EtOAc, and n-BuOH, successively...
November 4, 2016: Journal of Ethnopharmacology
Cibele M Gaido, Shane Stone, Abha Chopra, Wayne R Thomas, Peter N Le Souëf, Belinda J Hales
: Rhinovirus (RV) species A and C are the most frequent cause of respiratory viral illness worldwide and RV-C has been linked to more severe exacerbations of asthma in young children. Little is known about the immune response against the different RV species, although studies comparing IgG1 antibody titers found impaired antibody responses to RV-C. Therefore, the aim of this study was to assess whether T-cell immunity to RV-C is similarly impaired. We measured T-cell proliferation to overlapping synthetic peptides covering the entire VP1 capsid protein of an RV-A and RV-C genotype for 20 healthy adult donors...
September 14, 2016: Journal of Virology
Hongjun Xiang, Lishi Zhang, Jiannan Song, Bin Fan, Yinglan Nie, Dong Bai, Haimin Lei
Guizhi decoction (GZD), a well-known traditional Chinese medicine (TCM) prescription consisting of Ramulus Cinnamomi, Radix Paeoniae Alba, Radix Glycyrrhizae, Fructus Jujubae and Rhizoma Zingiberis Recens, is usually used for the treatment of common colds, influenza, and other pyretic conditions in the clinic. However, the absorbed ingredients and metabolic compounds of GZD have not been reported. In this paper, a method incorporating rapid resolution liquid chromatography (RRLC) with quadrupole-time-of-flight mass spectrometry (Q-TOF-MS) was used to identify ingredients after oral administration of GZD...
2016: International Journal of Molecular Sciences
Jitske Tiemensma, Erin Gaab, Maarten Voorhaar, Guus Asijee, Adrian A Kaptein
BACKGROUND: A key goal of chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD) care is to improve patients' quality of life (QoL). For outcomes such as QoL, illness perceptions and coping are important determinants. AIM: The primary aim was to assess the associations between illness perceptions, coping and QoL in COPD patients. A secondary aim was to compare illness perceptions and coping of patients with reference values derived from the literature. PATIENTS AND METHODS: A total of 100 patients were included in the study...
2016: International Journal of Chronic Obstructive Pulmonary Disease
Lyndsey M Muehling, Duy T Mai, William W Kwok, Peter W Heymann, Anna Pomés, Judith A Woodfolk
Rhinovirus (RV) is a major cause of common cold and an important trigger of acute episodes of chronic lung diseases. Antigenic variation across the numerous RV strains results in frequent infections and a lack of durable cross-protection. Because the nature of human CD4(+) T cells that target RV is largely unknown, T cell epitopes of RV capsid proteins were analyzed, and cognate T cells were characterized in healthy subjects and those infected by intranasal challenge. Peptide epitopes of the RV-A16 capsid proteins VP1 and VP2 were identified by peptide/MHC class II tetramer-guided epitope mapping, validated by direct ex vivo enumeration, and interrogated using a variety of in silico methods...
September 2, 2016: Journal of Immunology: Official Journal of the American Association of Immunologists
Woranuch Saengcharoen, Pornchanok Jaisawang, Palita Udomcharoensab, Kittika Buathong, Sanguan Lerkiatbundit
Background Inappropriate use of antibiotic treatment for pharyngitis by community pharmacists is prevalent in developing countries. Little is known about how the pharmacists identify patients with bacterial pharyngitis. Objective To ascertain the appropriateness of diagnosis of streptococcal pharyngitis among Thai community pharmacists according to the Centor criteria and to identify factors related to antibiotic dispensing. Setting 1040 Thai community pharmacists. Method A cross-sectional survey of community pharmacists was conducted in November 2012 to March 2013...
October 2016: International Journal of Clinical Pharmacy
Abiola M Asowata-Ayodele, Gloria A Otunola, Anthony J Afolayan
BACKGROUND: Lippia javanica (Burm.F.) Spreng is one of the spice plants commonly found in almost every part of South Africa. Apart from its culinary uses, it is also traditionally used as an insect repellant and infusion for fever, flu, kidney stone treatment, cough, common cold, and chest pain. MATERIALS AND METHODS: The antioxidant activities of the aqueous and acetone extracts were determined by measuring their effects against 1,1-Diphenyl-2-picryl-hydrazyl, 2,2'azino-bis (3-ethylbenzthiazoline-6-sulfonic acid), nitric oxide, phosphomolybdate, lipid peroxidation, hydrogen peroxide, and reducing power...
May 2016: Pharmacognosy Magazine
Lonneke van der Linden, Andrea H L Bruning, Xiomara V Thomas, René P Minnaar, Sjoerd P H Rebers, J Schinkel, Menno D de Jong, Dasja Pajkrt, Katja C Wolthers
OBJECTIVES: Rhinoviruses (RVs) are frequently detected respiratory viruses that cause mild common cold symptoms, but may also lead to more severe respiratory tract infections. The large number of RV types, classified into species A, B and C, hampers clear insights in the epidemiology and clinical significance of each RV type. The aim of this study was to map the circulation of RV types in the Amsterdam area. METHODS: RV-positive naso- and oropharyngeal samples, collected from 2007-2012 in the Academic Medical Center (Amsterdam, the Netherlands), were typed based on the sequence of the region coding for capsid proteins VP4 and VP2...
August 20, 2016: Clinical Microbiology and Infection
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