keyword
MENU ▼
Read by QxMD icon Read
search

"common cold"

keyword
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28087169/antibiotic-knowledge-and-self-medication-practices-in-a-developing-country-a-cross-sectional-study
#1
Antoun Jamhour, Ammar El-Kheir, Pascale Salameh, Pierre Abi Hanna, Hanine Mansour
BACKGROUND: Self-medication is identified by the World Health Organization as a major factor leading to antibiotics overuse, misuse and resistance. This study's objectives were to evaluate the knowledge and self-medication with antibiotics in a sample of the population of Lebanon. METHODS: This study surveyed a sample of adults (over 18 years of age) residing in 2 major cities in Lebanon about their knowledge and self-medication with antibiotics. Health care professionals were excluded from the study...
January 11, 2017: American Journal of Infection Control
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28077878/pla2g16-represents-a-switch-between-entry-and-clearance-of-picornaviridae
#2
Jacqueline Staring, Eleonore von Castelmur, Vincent A Blomen, Lisa G van den Hengel, Markus Brockmann, Jim Baggen, Hendrik Jan Thibaut, Joppe Nieuwenhuis, Hans Janssen, Frank J M van Kuppeveld, Anastassis Perrakis, Jan E Carette, Thijn R Brummelkamp
Picornaviruses are a leading cause of human and veterinary infections that result in various diseases, including polio and the common cold. As archetypical non-enveloped viruses, their biology has been extensively studied. Although a range of different cell-surface receptors are bound by different picornaviruses, it is unclear whether common host factors are needed for them to reach the cytoplasm. Using genome-wide haploid genetic screens, here we identify the lipid-modifying enzyme PLA2G16 (refs 8, 9, 10, 11) as a picornavirus host factor that is required for a previously unknown event in the viral life cycle...
January 11, 2017: Nature
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28057058/efficacy-and-safety-of-lian-ju-gan-mao-capsules-for-treating-the-common-cold-with-wind-heat-syndrome-study-protocol-for-a-randomized-controlled-trial
#3
Shengjun Wang, Hongli Jiang, Qin Yu, Bin She, Bing Mao
BACKGROUND: The common cold is a common and frequent respiratory disease mainly caused by viral infection of the upper respiratory tract. Chinese herbal medicine has been increasingly prescribed to treat the common cold; however, there is a lack of evidence to support the wide utility of this regimen. This protocol describes an ongoing phase II randomized controlled clinical trial, based on the theory of traditional Chinese medicine (TCM), with the objective of evaluating the efficacy and safety of Lian-Ju-Gan-Mao capsules (LJGMC), a Chinese patent medicine, compared with placebo in patients suffering from the common cold with wind-heat syndrome (CCWHS)...
January 5, 2017: Trials
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28027374/notice-of-retraction-das-rr-singh-m-oral-zinc-for-the-common-cold-jama-2014-311-14-1440-1441
#4
Rashmi Ranjan Das, Meenu Singh
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
27, 2016: JAMA: the Journal of the American Medical Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28003490/lineage-a-betacoronavirus-ns2-proteins-and-homologous-torovirus-berne-pp1a-carboxyterminal-domain-are-phosphodiesterases-that-antagonize-activation-of-rnase-l
#5
Stephen A Goldstein, Joshua M Thornbrough, Rong Zhang, Babal K Jha, Yize Li, Ruth Elliott, Katherine Quiroz-Figueroa, Annie I Chen, Robert H Silverman, Susan R Weiss
: Viruses in the family Coronaviridae, with the Nidovirus order, are etiologic agents of a range of human and animal diseases, including both mild and severe respiratory disease in humans. These viruses encode conserved replicase and structural proteins, and more diverse accessory proteins in the 3' end of their genomes that often act as host cell antagonists. We have previously shown that 2', 5' phosphodiesterases (PDE) encoded by the prototypical Betacoronavirus, mouse hepatitis virus (MHV), Middle East respiratory syndrome-associated coronavirus antagonize the oligoadenylate - ribonuclease L (OAS-RNase L) pathway...
December 21, 2016: Journal of Virology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27993900/rcgp-research-and-surveillance-centre-annual-report-2014-2015-disparities-in-presentations-to-primary-care
#6
Simon de Lusignan, Ana Correa, Sameera Pathirannehelage, Rachel Byford, Ivelina Yonova, Alex J Elliot, Theresa Lamagni, Gayatri Amirthalingam, Richard Pebody, Gillian Smith, Simon Jones, Imran Rafi
BACKGROUND: The Royal College of General Practitioners (RCGP) Research and Surveillance Centre (RSC) comprises over 100 general practices in England, with a population of around 1 million, providing a public health surveillance system for England and data for research. AIM: To demonstrate the scope of data with the RCGP Annual Report 2014-2015 (May 2014 to April 2015) by describing disparities in the presentation of six common conditions included in the report. DESIGN AND SETTING: This is a report of respiratory and communicable disease incidence from a primary care sentinel network in England...
January 2017: British Journal of General Practice: the Journal of the Royal College of General Practitioners
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27979773/zinc-gluconate-toxicity-in-wild-type-vs-mt1-2-deficient-mice
#7
Heidi Hsieh, Michael C Horwath, Mary Beth Genter
Previous studies have suggested that oral zinc supplementation can help reduce the duration of the common cold; however, the use of intranasal (IN) zinc is strongly associated with anosmia, or the loss of the sense of smell, in humans. Prior studies from this lab showed that upregulation of metallothioneins (MT) is a rapid and robust response to zinc gluconate (ZG). Therefore, we assessed the role of MT in the recovery of nasal epithelial damage resulting from IN zinc administration. The main studies in this investigation used a high dose of ZG (170mM) to ensure ablation of the olfactory mucosa, so that the progression of histological and functional recovery could be assessed...
December 12, 2016: Neurotoxicology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27977533/successful-management-of-fulminant-guillain-barr%C3%A3-syndrome-and-its-complications
#8
Atsushi Kamei, Manami Akasaka, Nami Araya, Ken Ishikawa, Akira Takada, Hiromi Furukawa, Sachiko Tanifuji, Maya Asami, Yurie Nasu, Kotaro Oyama, Shoichi Chida
A 3-year-old girl presented with muscle weakness of her limbs and trunk 6 days after developing symptoms of common cold. Two days later, she experienced respiratory arrest with a Glasgow Coma Scale score of 3, necessitating endotracheal intubation. Therefore, she was transferred to our hospital with suspected acute encephalopathy. Although no abnormalities were observed on brain and spinal magnetic resonance imaging and electroencephalography, peripheral nerve conduction velocity tests failed to evoke motor and sensory nerve action potentials...
December 12, 2016: Pediatric Emergency Care
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27965950/preterm-birth-during-influenza-season-is-associated-with-adverse-outcome-in-very-low-birth-weight-infants
#9
Christoph Härtel, Alexander Humberg, Dorothee Viemann, Anja Stein, Thorsten Orlikowsky, Jan Rupp, Matthias V Kopp, Egbert Herting, Wolfgang Göpel
OBJECTIVE: We investigated the relationship between influenza seasonality and outcome of very low birth weight infants (VLBWI) in a large observational cohort study of the German Neonatal Network. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Within the observational period (July 2009 until December 2014), five influenza seasons occurred (mean duration: 97 days, range: 48-131 days). We stratified VLBWI (n = 10,187) according to date of birth into three categories: (1) before influenza season, (2) during influenza season, and (3) 3 months after the end of the respective season...
2016: Frontiers in Pediatrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27925348/factors-associated-with-efficacy-of-an-ibuprofen-pseudoephedrine-combination-drug-in-pharmacy-customers%C3%A2-with-common-cold-symptoms
#10
Ludger Klimek, Helmut Schumacher, Tanja Schütt, Heidemarie Gräter, Tobias Mueck, Martin C Michel
AIM: The aim of this study was to explore factors affecting efficacy of treatment of common cold symptoms with an over-the-counter ibuprofen/pseudoephedrine combination product. METHODS: Data from an anonymous survey among 1770 pharmacy customers purchasing the combination product for treatment of own common cold symptoms underwent post-hoc descriptive analysis. Scores of symptoms typically responsive to ibuprofen (headache, pharyngeal pain, joint pain and fever), typically responsive to pseudoephedrine (congested nose, congested sinus and runny nose), considered non-specific (sneezing, fatigue, dry cough, cough with expectoration) and comprising all 11 symptoms were analysed...
December 7, 2016: International Journal of Clinical Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27912214/common-cold-an-umbrella-term-for-acute-infections-of-nose-throat-larynx-and-bronchi
#11
P Kardos, F A Malek
Acute respiratory tract infections, i. e. rhinitis, sinusitis, pharyngitis, laryngitis, bronchitis, belong to the most common medical conditions with a high economic burden. Nonetheless, there is little agreement concerning their differential diagnosis.This paper will discuss to what extent different anatomical sites of acute respiratory tract infections can be uniquely identified or whether the overlap and consecutive development in signs and symptoms renders these distinctions meaningless.Acute respiratory tract infections are variable but definition of diagnostic categories based on the anatomical sites of the dominant complaints shows that signs and symptoms both overlap to a great extent and/or emerge successively...
December 2, 2016: Pneumologie
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27912193/comparative-tissue-distribution-and-excretion-study-of-alkaloids-from-herba-ephedrae-radix-aconiti-lateralis-extracts-in-rats
#12
Mengyue Ren, Shuai Song, Dedong Liang, Weiting Hou, Xiaomei Tan, Jiabo Luo
Herba Ephedrae-Radix Aconiti Lateralis, composed of Ephedrae (Mahuang in Chinese) and Radix Aconiti Lateralis (Fuzi in Chinese), is a classical herbal combination proven to be effective in treating common cold, asthma, and rheumatoid arthritis. Alkaloids, bioactive components of the herbal extract, have been associated with many side effects. Nine alkaloids, including norephedrine, norpseudoephedrine, ephedrine, pseudoephedrine, methylephedrine, hypaconitine, benzoylaconine, benzoylmesaconine and benzoylhypaconine, were simultaneously quantified within 14...
February 5, 2017: Journal of Pharmaceutical and Biomedical Analysis
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27902347/the-conserved-n-terminus-of-human-rhinovirus-capsid-protein-vp4-contains-membrane-pore-forming-activity-and-is-a-target-for-neutralizing-antibodies
#13
Anusha Panjwani, Amin S Asfor, Tobias J Tuthill
Human rhinovirus is the causative agent of the common cold and belongs to the non-enveloped picornavirus family. A trigger such as receptor binding or low pH initiates conformational changes in the capsid that allow the virus to attach to membranes and form a pore for the translocation of viral RNA into the cytoplasm. We previously showed that recombinant capsid protein VP4 was able to form membrane pores. In this study, we show the N-terminus but not C-terminus of VP4 formed pores with properties similar to full-length VP4 and consistent with the size required for transfer of RNA...
December 2016: Journal of General Virology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27880051/multimorbidities-of-asthma-allergies-and-airway-illnesses-in-childhood-chance-or-not-chance
#14
Wei Liu, Chen Huang, Xueying Wang, Jiao Cai, Yu Hu, Zhijun Zou, Louise B Weschler, Li Shen, Jan Sundell
OBJECTIVES: We investigated patterns of multimorbidities among asthma, allergies, and respiratory illnesses in preschool children. We examined lifetime multimorbidities of asthma, allergic rhinitis, eczema, food allergy, pneumonia, and ear infections; and current (in the last year before the survey) multimorbidities of wheeze, dry cough, rhinitis, eczema, and common cold during childhood. We further analyzed whether prevalences of these multimorbidities were due to chance. METHODS: A cross-sectional study was conducted in 72 kindergartens of Shanghai, China...
November 23, 2016: Journal of Asthma: Official Journal of the Association for the Care of Asthma
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27878468/the-risk-of-adverse-pregnancy-outcome-after-first-trimester-exposure-to-h1-antihistamines-a-systematic-review-and-meta-analysis
#15
REVIEW
Fatma Etwel, Lauren H Faught, Michael J Rieder, Gideon Koren
INTRODUCTION: H1 antihistamines are used for the treatment of nausea and vomiting during pregnancy as well as the symptomatic relief of asthma, urticaria, allergy, and the common cold. Although they are overall felt to be safe during pregnancy, recently several studies have challenged this assumption, as millions of women are exposed to them in the first trimester. METHODS: Following the guidelines of PRISMA, a systematic review was performed to retrieve all published articles involving H1-antihistamine exposure during pregnancy...
November 22, 2016: Drug Safety: An International Journal of Medical Toxicology and Drug Experience
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27833115/transcriptome-assists-prognosis-of-disease-severity-in-respiratory-syncytial-virus-infected-infants
#16
Victor L Jong, Inge M L Ahout, Henk-Jan van den Ham, Jop Jans, Fatiha Zaaraoui-Boutahar, Aldert Zomer, Elles Simonetti, Maarten A Bijl, H Kim Brand, Wilfred F J van IJcken, Marien I de Jonge, Pieter L Fraaij, Ronald de Groot, Albert D M E Osterhaus, Marinus J Eijkemans, Gerben Ferwerda, Arno C Andeweg
Respiratory syncytial virus (RSV) causes infections that range from common cold to severe lower respiratory tract infection requiring high-level medical care. Prediction of the course of disease in individual patients remains challenging at the first visit to the pediatric wards and RSV infections may rapidly progress to severe disease. In this study we investigate whether there exists a genomic signature that can accurately predict the course of RSV. We used early blood microarray transcriptome profiles from 39 hospitalized infants that were followed until recovery and of which the level of disease severity was determined retrospectively...
November 11, 2016: Scientific Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27812536/rasch-analysis-of-the-wurss-21-dimensional-validation-and-assessment-of-invariance
#17
Roger L Brown, Chidi N Obasi, Bruce Barrett
BACKGROUND: The purpose of this study is to use Rasch analysis to explore the validity of considering self-report scores from Wisconsin Upper Respiratory Symptom Survey (WURSS-21) as a single global illness severity domain. The WURSS-21 is a widely used questionnaire instrument that assesses symptom severity and functional impact of common cold and flu-like illness. METHODS: This study applies item response theory, specifically Rasch modeling, to investigate dimensional and measurement properties of the WURSS-21, and looks at invariance over time...
2016: Journal of Lung, Pulmonary & Respiratory Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27799071/evaluation-of-coldzyme%C3%A2-mouth-spray-on-prevention-of-upper-respiratory-tract-infections-in-a-boy-with-primary-immunodeficiency-a-case-report
#18
Mats Clarsund, Ulf Blom, Ann Gardulf
BACKGROUND: Primary immunodeficiencies include a variety of disorders that render patients more susceptible to infections. If left untreated, these infections may be fatal. Patients with primary antibody deficiencies are therefore given prophylactic immunoglobulin G replacement therapy. ColdZyme® Mouth Spray is a medical device intended to reduce the probability of catching a cold and/or can help shorten the duration of a cold, if used at an early stage of the infection, by forming a thin protective barrier on the pharyngeal mucous membrane...
October 31, 2016: Journal of Medical Case Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27762483/range-shifts-or-extinction-ancient-dna-and-distribution-modelling-reveal-past-and-future-responses-to-climate-warming-in-cold-adapted-birds
#19
Vendela K Lagerholm, Edson Sandoval-Castellanos, Amélie Vaniscotte, Olga R Potapova, Teresa Tomek, Zbigniew M Bochenski, Paul Shepherd, Nick Barton, Marie-Claire Van Dyck, Rebecca Miller, Jacob Höglund, Nigel G Yoccoz, Love Dalén, John R Stewart
Global warming is predicted to cause substantial habitat rearrangements, with the most severe effects expected to occur in high-latitude biomes. However, one major uncertainty is whether species will be able to shift their ranges to keep pace with climate-driven environmental changes. Many recent studies on mammals have shown that past range contractions have been associated with local extinctions rather than survival by habitat tracking. Here, we have used an interdisciplinary approach that combines ancient DNA techniques, coalescent simulations and species distribution modelling, to investigate how two common cold-adapted bird species, willow and rock ptarmigan (Lagopus lagopus and Lagopus muta), respond to long-term climate warming...
October 20, 2016: Global Change Biology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27749661/a-4-year-study-on-epidemiologic-and-molecular-characteristics-of-human-parechoviruses-and-enteroviruses-circulating-in-children-younger-than-5-years-in-northern-italy
#20
Laura Bubba, Marianna Martinelli, Laura Pellegrinelli, Valeria Primache, Elisabetta Tanzi, Elena Pariani, Sandro Binda
BACKGROUND: Human parechovirus (HPeV) and enterovirus (EV) infections are widespread and can lead to a broad range of symptoms, from the common cold to severe disease (SD). Because of the lack of Italian data, this 4-year retrospective cross-sectional study aimed to investigate the frequency, seasonality and molecular characteristics of EV and HPeV circulating in children younger than 5 years. METHODS: A total of 812 samples were collected from children ≤5 years (56...
January 2017: Pediatric Infectious Disease Journal
keyword
keyword
40660
1
2
Fetch more papers »
Fetching more papers... Fetching...
Read by QxMD. Sign in or create an account to discover new knowledge that matter to you.
Remove bar
Read by QxMD icon Read
×

Search Tips

Use Boolean operators: AND/OR

diabetic AND foot
diabetes OR diabetic

Exclude a word using the 'minus' sign

Virchow -triad

Use Parentheses

water AND (cup OR glass)

Add an asterisk (*) at end of a word to include word stems

Neuro* will search for Neurology, Neuroscientist, Neurological, and so on

Use quotes to search for an exact phrase

"primary prevention of cancer"
(heart or cardiac or cardio*) AND arrest -"American Heart Association"